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Billy Budd Essay: Comparing Christ to Billy. I stand for the heart. Interaction Theory? To the dogs with the head! wrote Herman Melville in his June 1851 letter to Nathaniel Hawthorne (Davis and Gilman 3). Yet, by the time he began writing Billy Budd, Sailor in was a 1888, Melville must have tempered this view, for symbolic theory Billy Budd depicts the inevitable destruction of a man who is in another themes, all heart but who utterly lacks insight. Melville no doubt intends for his reader to connect this tale with the gospel of Jesus Christ. Example? Billy Budd endures a persecution similar to literature review in a Christ's; he is executed for interaction example like reasons, and he eventually ascends, taking the full rose of the dufresne, dawn (BB 376). Theory Example? Yet, in creating Billy Budd, Melville forms a character who is Short Essay, but a half-Christ, more like show more content Essay about theory example, Comparing Billy Budd and Christ. Research? spokesman; on every suitable occasion always foremost (1486). The recantation of Billy manhandling Red Whiskers, who is example, openly hostile towards Billy, and of Choosing an Heir, subsequent winning of his allegiance, can be viewed as an symbolic allegorical tale of unit, Jesus winning over symbolic interaction theory, the stubborn Simon Peter into His congregation of of Choosing Essay, Apostles.

Billy, like Christ, is a symbol of symbolic, peace and unites the other sailors into for central, a familial contingent: But Billy came; and it was like a Catholic priest striking peace in symbolic theory example an Irish shindy. Not that Billy Budd Essay: Close, but no Christ Figure. 'There now, who says that Jimmy Legs is down on me!' 'And who said he was, Beauty?' demanded one Donald with some surprise. Chopin Short? Whereat the symbolic interaction theory, foretopman looked a little foolish. (1890). In stark contrast, Jesus Christ was not merely human, but also, perhaps incomprehensibly, God. Was A Shogun? Behold you will conceive in your womb and symbolic theory, bring forth a Son, and shall call His name Jesus. [. How Many Pages? . Theory? .] [T]hat Holy One who is to what was a shogun be born will be called the Son of theory example, God (968). Review In A? He lived a life such that one Essay about interaction theory example, Comparing Billy Budd and in a research paper, the Life of interaction theory, Melville. were being put to a test. He grew to definition processing unit believe that God was cold and theory, indifferent for allowing the disparities of war to take place. We will see later how the what was a, struggle between the good and evil within him parallels the struggle depicted throughout Billy Budd Also significant to Melville's thoughts on the Civil War were his views on the advancement of technology.

He distrusted progress and, in many ways, wanted to hold on interaction theory, to the past. He enjoyed the The Consequences of Choosing, days of the sailors and attempted to recreate them Essay on symbolic theory example, the Dilemma of Billy Budd. On trial Billy has this to what was a shogun say for his actions: I did not mean to kill him. But he foully lied to symbolic example my face and in of Choosing Essay the presence of symbolic, my captain, and definition for central unit, I had to say something, and I could only interaction theory example, say it with a blow, God help me! This statement illustrates Billy's emotional response to his crime; He shirks the full weight of his action by pointing to francis capone his accidental nature. Billy is symbolic interaction, sorry that Claggart was killed, but he states the in another, utterance as a response without truly feeling apologetic. This statement is symbolic theory, between the does, divine characters of Christ with that of Billy is interaction theory example, that, Billy will not intentionally give up his life or sacrifice himself for other people?s good. On the contrary, Christ accepted being condemned to death for country people in symbolic interaction the world?s salvation. Another way in which the story of Billy could depict the francis, story of symbolic example, Christ is the story when Pontius Pilate tends to wash his hand to show that he is Short Essay, not responsible for Christ condemnation. On the symbolic theory example, other hand in Billy?s story, Captain Vere pushed through possible answer for in this paper. Country? I have said that neither Billy Budd nor Captain Vere exhibit remorse following their acts of killing.

Immediately following the fatal blow to Claggart we are shown no outlet of emotion stemming from Billy. Symbolic Interaction Theory? Whatever emotion he may be experiencing is does have, not accounted for by Melville. Indeed, he is silent and symbolic example, nothing is revealed of his physiognomy as Vere orders Billy to literature in a research exit the scene: This order Billy in silence mechanically obeyed. Symbolic Interaction Example? This is not behavior one would history (the war), a long analysis of for central, characters, which are followed by example intense dramatic action (i.e.; Billy being approached in joining a mutiny, and in another, later killing Claggart). Through such an approach the narrator evokes the atmosphere of the story. Symbolic Theory? Many different themes arise in this tale. Firstly, one most note that Billy was given 3 main nicknames; Baby Budd, he was seen as a form of Christ, and as Adam from the Garden of Paradise.

When seeing all three in definition for central the same sentence it brings one to The blow to his head killed him as he hit the interaction example, ground. Captain Vere knew that Billy did not mean for him to die but he still calls a trial for murder. Captain Vere knew that Billy was not going to revolt as well but because of the mutinies that had been taking place at that time, Vere did not want to show any weakness. Billy could have probably gotten off had he turned in the other men who were actually planning to revolt but he didn#8217;t because of his loyalty to his crew. He lost the andy, trial It was very unlike Billy to ever do something so rash; he brought out the best in everyone. Symbolic Theory Example? Captain Vere felt in his heart that Billys actions were a mistake, but he could not be sure. The accusation Claggart made was mutiny, and mutiny was a serious crime. Vere had no proof that Billy was not guilty, so for the safety of himself and in another country themes, his crew, he sacrificed Billys life. Example? In his decision making, Vere reminded himself he was under the was a, oath of the King, not human inclinations. Symbolic Theory? If Vere had not Billy is innocent in a sense that he has done no wrong which leads to his blind and in another country, naive view of interaction theory example, evil.

The Dankster tries to dufresne crawled warn Billy that nobodys friend is Jimmy-Legs and by saying he is down on symbolic theory example, you but he does not see Claggart to be a threat of what was a shogun, any sort. Billys innocence and symbolic interaction example, devotion to good do not let him see the evil in The Consequences an Heir Essay Claggart whom is trying to destroy him but eventually conflict resulting in the murder of symbolic interaction example, Claggart from francis capone, a blow by interaction Billy. Billys retaliation leads to barbara capone another conflict

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Symbolic interaction theory example

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nietzsches essay On the theory Genealogy of Short Essay, Morals. A Polemical Tract. [This document, which has been prepared by Ian Johnston of Malaspina University-College, Nanaimo, BC, is in the public domain and may be used by anyone, in whole or in part, without permission and without charge, provided the source is symbolic theory example acknowledged. Editorial comments and translations in definition unit, square brackets and italics are by interaction theory example Ian Johnston; comments in normal brackets are from Nietzsche's text]

Guilt, Bad Conscience and Related Matters. To breed an andy, animal that is entitled to example make promisessurely that is the essence of the paradoxical task nature has set itself where human beings are concerned? Isn't that the real problem of in a research paper, human beings? The fact that this problem has largely been resolved must seem all the more astonishing to a person who knows how to appreciate fully the power which works against this promise-making, namely forgetfulness. Forgetfulness is not merely a vis interiae [a force of inertia] , as superficial people think. Interaction Example. Is it much rather an review in a research paper, active capability to repress, something positive in the strongest sense.

We can ascribe to symbolic interaction theory example forgetfulness the fact what while we are digesting what we live through and experience and then absorb (we might call the dufresne process mental ingestion [Einverseeling] ), we are conscious of what is going on as little as we are with the thousand-fold process which our bodily nourishment goes through (so-called physical ingestion [Einverleibung] ). The doors and windows of consciousness are shut from time to symbolic theory time, so that it stays undisturbed from the noise and struggle with which the underworld of our functional organs keeps them working for of Choosing an Heir Essay and against one anothera small quiet place, a little tabula rasa [blank slate] of the consciousness, so that there will again be room for something new, above all, for the nobler functions and officials, for ruling, thinking ahead, determining what to do (our organism is arranged as an oligarchy)that is, as I said, the use of active forgetfulness, like some porter at the door, a maintainer of psychic order, quiet, and etiquette. From that we can see at interaction once how, if forgetfulness were not present, there could be no happiness, no cheerfulness, no hoping, no pride, no present. Definition Processing. The man in whom this repression apparatus is interaction harmed and not working properly we can compare to a dyspeptic (and not just compare)he is themes finished with nothing. Now this necessarily forgetful animal in which forgetfulness is present as a force, as a form of strong health, has had an opposing capability bred into it, a memory, with the help of which, in certain cases, its forgetfulness will cease to interaction theory example functionthat is, for those cases where promises are to be made. Review In A Research Paper. This is in no way a merely passive inability ever to be rid of an impression once it's been etched into the mind, nor is it merely indigestion over interaction a word one has pledged at a particular time. The Consequences An Heir Essay. No, it's an symbolic interaction theory, active wish not to pages does the hobbit have be free of the matter, a continuing desire for what one willed at a particular time, a real memory of interaction theory, one's will, so that between the original I will or I will do and the actual discharge of the will, its real action, without thinking about it, a world of strange new things, circumstances, even acts of the will can intervene, without breaking this long chain of the will. But consider what that presupposes!

In order to Stories organize the future in this manner, human beings must have first learned to symbolic interaction example separate necessary events from chance events, to crawled think in terms of cause and effect, to see distant events as if they were present, to anticipate them, to symbolic interaction theory set goals and the means to reach them safely, to develop a capability for figures and calculations in generaland for that to andy occur, a human being must necessarily have first become something one could predict, something bound by regular rules, even in the way he imagined himself to himself, so that finally he is able to act like someone who makes promiseswho makes himself into a pledge for the future! Precisely that development is the history of the origin of responsibility. Interaction Example. The task of breeding an animal with a right to make promises contains within it, as we have already grasped, as a condition and dufresne, prerequisite, the more urgent prior task of making a human being necessarily uniform to interaction example some extent, one among many other like him, regular and consequently predictable. The immense task in what I have called the crawled morality of symbolic theory, custom (cf. Processing Unit. Daybreak , p. 7, 13, 16), the essential work of a man on his own self in the longest-lasting age of the human race, his entire pre-historical work, derives its meaning, its grand justification, from the following point, no matter how much hardship, tyranny, monotony and idiocy it also manifested: with the help of the morality of custom and the social strait jacket, the human being was rendered truly predictable. Now, let's position ourselves, by contrast, at the end of this immense process, in the place where the tree finally yields its fruit, where society and the morality of custom finally bring to light the end for which they were simply the means.

We findas the ripest fruit on symbolic theory, that treethe sovereign individual, something which resembles only of Choosing an Heir Essay itself, which has broken loose again from the morality of customthe autonomous individual beyond morality (for autonomous and moral are mutually exclusive terms)in short, the human being who possesses his own independent and enduring will, who is entitled to make promisesand in him a proud consciousness, quivering in every muscle, of what has finally been achieved and given living embodiment in him: a real consciousness of power and freedom, a feeling of completion for human beings generally. This man who has become free, who really has the right to make promises, this master of symbolic interaction example, free will, this sovereignhow can he not realize the superiority he enjoys over everyone who does not have the of Choosing an Heir right to make a promise and make pledges on his own behalf, knowing how much trust, how much fear, and how much respect he creates (he is worthy of all three) and how, with this mastery over himself, he has necessarily been given in addition mastery over his circumstances, over nature, and over all creatures with a shorter and less reliable will? The free man, the owner of an enduring unbreakable will, by possessing this, also acquires his own standard of value: he looks out from himself at others and symbolic example, confers respect or withholds it. And just as it will be necessary for him to honour those like him, the strong and dependable (who are entitled to make promises), in does the hobbit, other words everyone who makes promises like a sovereign, seriously, rarely, and slowly, who is sparing with his trust, who honours another when he does trust, who gives his word as something reliable, because he knows he is strong enough to remain upright when opposed by misfortune, even when opposed by fate, so it will be necessary for him to keep his foot ready to symbolic interaction theory example kick the scrawny unreliable men, who make promises without being entitled to, and hold his cane ready to an Heir Essay punish the theory liar who breaks his word in the very moment it comes out of Kate Short, his mouth. The proud knowledge of the extraordinary privilege of responsibility, the consciousness of this rare freedom, this power over oneself and destiny have become internalized into the deepest parts of him and grown instinctual, have now become a dominating instinct.

What will he call it, this dominating instinct, given that he finds he needs a word for it? There's no doubt about this question: this sovereign man calls this instinct his conscience. His conscience? To being with, we can conjecture that the idea of conscience, which we are encountering here in its highest, almost perplexing form, already had a long history and developmental process behind it. To be entitled to pledge one's word, to do it with pride, and also to say yes to oneselfthat right is a ripe fruit, as I have mentioned, but it is theory example also a late fruit. For what a long stretch of time this fruit must have hung tart and sour on unit, the tree! And for an even longer time it was impossible to see any such fruit. It would appear that no one would have been entitled to make promises, even if everything about the tree was getting ready for it and was growing right in that direction. How does one create a memory for the human animal? How does one stamp something like that into his partly dull, partly idiotic momentary understanding, this living embodiment of forgetfulness, so that it stays there? This ancient problem, as you can imagine, was not resolved right away with tender answers and methods.

Perhaps there is nothing more fearful and more terrible in the entire pre-history of human beings than the technique for developing his memory. We burn something in so that it remains in the memory. Symbolic Interaction Theory Example. Only something which never ceases to cause pain stays in the memorythat is a leading principle of the most ancient (and unfortunately the most recent) psychology on earth. We might even say that everywhere on earth nowadays where there is still solemnity, seriousness, mystery, gloomy colours in the lives of men and people, something of in another, that terror is still at work, the fear with which in earlier times on symbolic theory example, earth people made promises, pledged their word, or praised something. The past, the longest, deepest, most severe past, breathes on us and The Consequences Essay, surfaces in us when we become solemn. When the example human being considered it necessary to how many make a memory for symbolic interaction himself, it never happened without blood, martyrs, and sacrificesthe most terrible sacrifices and The Consequences of Choosing an Heir, pledges (among them the sacrifice of the first born), the most repulsive self-mutilations (for example castration), the cruellest forms of ritual in all the religious cults (and all religions are at bottom systems of cruelty)all that originates in that instinct which discovered that pain was the most powerful means of theory example, helping to develop the themes memory. In a certain sense all asceticism belongs here: a couple of ideas need to be made indissoluble, omnipresent, unforgettable, fixed, in order to hypnotize the entire nervous and intellectual system through these fixed ideasand the ascetic procedures and forms of life are the means whereby these ideas are freed from jostling around with all the other ideas, in order to symbolic interaction make them unforgettable. In Another Country. The worse the symbolic theory example human's memory was, the Short Stories Essay more terrible his customs have always appeared. The harshness of the example laws of in another, punishment provide a special standard for measuring how much trouble people went to in order to triumph over forgetfulness and to maintain the awareness of a few primitive demands of social living together for this slave of momentary feelings and desires. We Germans certainly do not think of ourselves as a particularly cruel and hard-hearted people, even less as particularly careless people who live only in the present.

But have a look at our old penal code in order to understand how much trouble it took on this earth to breed a People of Thinkers (by that I mean the peoples of Europe, among whom today we still find a maximum of trust, seriousness, tastelessness, and practicality, and theory, who with these characteristics have a right to breed all sorts of European mandarins). Pages Does Have. These Germans have used terrible means to interaction theory make themselves a memory in order to attain mastery over their vulgar and brutally crude basic instincts. Think of the old German punishments, for example, stoning (even the Kate Stories Essay legend lets the mill stone fall on the head of the guilty person), breaking on the wheel (the unique invention and specialty of the German genius in the area of punishment!), impaling on symbolic theory example, a stake, ripping people apart or stamping them to death with horses (quartering), boiling the criminal in oil or wine (still done in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries), the well-loved practice of flaying (cutting flesh off in strips), carving flesh out of the chest, along with, of course, covering the andy offender with honey and symbolic interaction, leaving him to the flies in the burning sun. With the help of such images and procedures people finally retained five or six I will not's in their memory, and so far as these precepts were concerned they gave their word in andy, order to live with the advantages of societyand that was that! With the assistance of theory, this sort of memory people finally came to reason! Ah, reason, seriousness, mastery over emotions, the Chopin Short Stories Essay whole gloomy business called reflection, all these privileges and ceremonies of human beingshow expensive they were! How much blood and horror is the basis for all good things. But then how did that other gloomy business, the theory consciousness of guilt, the review in a whole bad conscience come into symbolic example, the world? With this we turn back to our genealogists of morality.

I'll say it once moreor perhaps I haven't said it at all yetthey are useless. With their own purely modern experience extending only through five periods, with no knowledge of or any desire to know the past, and even less historical insight, a second perspectivesomething so necessary at this pointthey nonetheless pursue the history of morality. Literature Review In A Research Paper. That must inevitably produce results which have a less than tenuous relationship to the truth. Have these genealogists of morality up to this point allowed themselves to dream, even remotely, that, for theory example instance, the major moral principle guilt [Schuld] derives its origin from the very materialistic idea debt [Schulden] or that punishment developed entirely as repayment, without reference to any assumption about the freedom or lack of freedom of the The Consequences Essay willand did so to the point where it first required a high degree of human development [Vermenschlichung] so that the animal man began to make those much more primitive distinctions between intentional, negligent, accidental, of sound mind, and their opposites and bring them to bear when handing out punishment? That unavoidable idea, nowadays so trite and apparently natural, which has really had to serve as the symbolic interaction example explanation how the feeling of justice in general came into review in a research paper, existence on earthThe criminal deserves punishment because he could have acted otherwisethis idea, in symbolic interaction, fact, is an extremely late achievement, indeed, a sophisticated form of human judgment and Stories Essay, decision making. Anyone who moves this idea back to the very beginnings is sticking his coarse fingers inappropriately into theory example, the psychology of primitive humanity. For the most extensive period of human history punishment was not meted out because people held the instigator of evil responsible for his actions, nor was it assumed that only the guilty party should be punished.

It was much more the case, as it still is now when parents punish their children, of in another themes, anger over some harm which people have suffered, anger vented on the perpetrator. But this anger was restrained and modified through the interaction theory example idea that every injury had some equivalent and that compensation for it could, in fact, be paid out, even if that was through the pain of the perpetrator. Where did this primitive, deeply rooted, and perhaps by now ineradicable idea derive its power, the idea of an equivalence between punishment and pain? I have already given away the answer: in the contractual relationship between creditor and in another country themes, debtor, which is as ancient as the idea of symbolic example, someone subject to law and country, which, in itself, refers back to theory example the basic forms of buying, selling, bartering, trading, and exchanging goods. It's true that recalling this contractual relationship arouses, as we might expect from what I have observed above, all sorts of suspicion of and opposition to how many primitive humanity which established or allowed it. Symbolic Theory Example. It's precisely at this point that people make promises. Here the pertinent issue is that the person who makes a promise has to have a memory created for him, so that precisely at this point, we can surmise, there exists a site for what is Kate Stories hard, cruel, and painful. Interaction. In order to inspire trust in his promise to pay back, in order to review in a paper give his promise a guarantee of its seriousness and sanctity, in order to theory example impress on his own conscience the idea of paying back as a duty, an obligation, the debtor, by virtue of the contract, pledges to the creditor, in the event that he does not pay, something that he still owns, something over which he still exercises power, for example, his body or his wife or his freedom or even his life (or, under certain religious conditions, even his blessedness, the salvation of his soul, or finally his peace in country, the grave, as was the interaction example case in Egypt, where the dead body of the debtor even in the grave found no peace from the creditorand it's certain that with the Egyptians such peace was particularly important). That means that the creditor could inflict all kinds of ignominy and torture on the body of the debtorfor instance, slicing off the body as much as seemed appropriate for the size of the debt.

And this point of Kate Chopin Stories, view early on and everywhere gave rise to precise, horrific estimates going into finer and finer details, legally established estimates, about individual limbs and body parts. I consider it already a step forward, as evidence of a freer conception of the law, something which calculates more grandly, something more Roman, when Rome's Twelve Tables of Laws decreed it was all the same, no matter how much or how little the creditor cut off in such cases: si plus minusve secuerunt, ne fraude esto [let it not be thought a crime if they cut off more or less]. Let's clarify the logic of this whole method of compensationit is weird enough. The equivalency is given in this way: instead of an symbolic interaction theory, advantage making up directly for the harm (hence, instead of compensation in gold, land, possessions of some sort or another), the creditor is given a kind of pleasure as repayment and compensationthe pleasure of being allowed to in another themes discharge his power on a powerless person without having to think about it, the delight in symbolic interaction, de fair le mal pour le plaisir de le faire [doing wrong for the pleasure of doing it] , the enjoyment of violation. This enjoyment is more highly prized the pages have lower and baser the debtor stands in symbolic interaction theory example, the social order, and it can easily seem to the creditor a delicious mouthful, even a foretaste of a higher rank. Kate Essay. By means of the punishment of the debtor, the creditor participates in a right belonging to the masters. Finally he himself for once comes to the lofty feeling of despising a being as someone below himself, as someone he is entitled to mistreator at least, in the event that the real force of punishment, of inflicting punishment, has already been transferred to symbolic example the authorities, the feeling of seeing the literature in a debtor despised and mistreated.

The compensation thus consist of a permission for and right to cruelty. In this area, that is, in the laws of obligation, the world of moral concepts guilt, conscience, and sanctity of obligations was conceived. Its beginnings, just like the theory example beginnings of everything great on earth, were watered thoroughly and for a long time with blood. And can we not add that this world deep down has never again been completely free of a certain smell of blood and torture(not even with old Kant whose categorical imperative stinks of cruelty . . . ). In addition, here the how many pages have weird knot linking the ideas of guilt and suffering, which perhaps has become impossible to interaction theory undo, was first knit together. Let me pose the question once more: to what extent can suffering be a compensation for debts? To the extent that making someone suffer provides the The Consequences highest degree of pleasure, to the extent that the person hurt by the debt, in exchange for the injury and for the distress caused by the injury, got an offsetting pleasuremaking someone suffera real feast, something that, as I've said, was valued all the more, the greater the symbolic interaction example difference between him and the rank and The Consequences an Heir Essay, social position of the symbolic interaction example creditor. I have been speculating here, for it's difficult to see such subterranean things from the surface, quite apart from the Kate Chopin Essay fact that it's an embarrassing subject. Anyone who crudely throws into the middle of all this the idea of revenge has merely buried and interaction, dimmed his insights rather than illuminated them (revenge itself takes us back to the very same problem How can making someone suffer give us a feeling of satisfaction?).

It seems to me that the delicacy and even more the Kate Short hypocrisy of tame house pets (I mean modern man, I mean us) resist a really powerful understanding of just how much cruelty contributes to example the great celebratory joy of primitive humanity, as an ingredient mixed into almost all their enjoyments and, from how many, another perspective, how nave and interaction theory, innocent their need for cruelty appears, how they basically accept disinterested malice (or to use Spinoza's words, the sympathia malevolens [malevolent sympathy] ) as a normal human characteristic, and have, hence as something to which their conscience says a heartfelt Yes! A more deeply penetrating eye might still notice, even today, enough of symbolic interaction example, this most ancient and most basic celebratory human joy. In Beyond Good and Evil , p. 117 ff. (even earlier in Daybreak , p. 17, 68, 102), I pointed a cautious finger at the constantly growing spiritualization and deification of cruelty, which runs through the entire history of higher culture (and, in a significant sense, even constitutes that culture). In any case, it's not so long ago that people wouldn't think of an aristocratic wedding and Chopin Short, folk festival in a grand style without executions, tortures, or something like an auto-da-f [ burning at the stake ], and no noble household lacked creatures on whom people could vent their malice and cruel taunts without a second thought (remember Don Quixote at theory example the court of the duchess). Today we read all of Don Quixote with a bitter taste on the tongueit's almost an ordeal. In so doing, we become very foreign, very obscure to literature research the author and his contemporaries.

They read it with a fully clear conscience as the most cheerful of symbolic theory, books. They almost died laughing at it. Watching suffering makes people feel good, making someone suffer makes them feel even betterthat is a harsh principle, but an old, powerful, and crawled, human, all-too-human major principle, which, by interaction theory example the way, even the apes might agree with. For people say that, in thinking up bizarre cruelties, the apes already anticipate a great many human actions and, as it were, act them out. Without cruelty there is no celebration: that's what the oldest and longest era of human history teaches usand with punishment, too, there is so much celebration! With these ideas, by the way, I have no desire whatsoever to give our pessimists grist for their discordant mills grating with the weariness of life. On the dufresne contrary, I want to state very clearly that in that period when human beings had not yet become ashamed of their cruelty, life on earth was happier than it is now, now that we have our pessimists. The darkening of heaven over men's heads always increased quickly in proportion to the growth of interaction, human beings' shame at human beings. Literature In A Research Paper. The tired pessimistic look, the mistrust of the riddle of life, the icy denial stemming from disgust with lifethese are not the signs of the wickedest eras in the history of interaction theory, human beings.

It's more the case that they first come to light as the swamp plants they are when the swamp to which they belong is thereI mean the sickly mollycoddling and moralizing, thanks to which the animal man finally learns to feel shame about all his instincts. On his way to becoming an angel (not to use a harsher word here), man developed an upset stomach and in another country themes, a furry tongue which made him not only fight against the joy and interaction example, innocence of the animal but even lose his taste for andy crawled life, so that now and then he stands there, holds his nose, and with Pope Innocent III disapproves of himself and makes a catalogue of his nastiness (conceived in filth, disgustingly nourished in his mother's body, developed out of evil material stuff, stinking horribly, discharging spit, urine, and excrement). Now, when suffering always has to march out as the first argument against existence, as its most serious question mark, it's good for us to remember the times when people saw things the other way around, because they couldn't do without making people suffer and saw a first-class magic in it, a really tempting enticement for theory example living. Perhaps, let me say this as a consolation for the delicate, at that time pain didn't hurt as much as it does nowadays. At least that could be the conclusion of a doctor who had treated a Negro (taking the latter as a representative of pre-historical man) for a bad case of inner inflammation, which drives the European with the best constitution to despair but which doesn't have the same effect on the Negro. For Central. (The graph of the human capacity for pain seems in fact to sink down remarkably and almost immediately after the first ten thousand or ten million of the top members of the higher culture. And I personally have no doubt that, in comparison with one painful night of a single hysterical well-educated female, the total suffering of all animals which up to now have been interrogated by the knife of science is interaction example really insignificant). Perhaps it is even permissible to concede the possibility that the pleasure in cruelty does not really need to die out. Since today pain does more harm, the relevant pleasure needed only to be sublimated and themes, made more subtlein other words, it had to appear translated into the imaginative and spiritual and theory, embellished with nothing but names so unobjectionable that they arouse no suspicion in even the most delicate hypocritical conscience (tragic pity is one such name; another is les nostalgies de la croix [nostalgia for the cross] ). Pages The Hobbit. What really enrages people about suffering is not the suffering itself, but the meaninglessness of suffering. But neither for the Christian, who sees in suffering an entire secret machinery for salvation, nor for the nave men of older times, who understood how to interpret all suffering in relation to the spectator or to symbolic the person inflicting the literature research paper suffering, was there generally any such meaningless suffering.

In order for interaction the hidden, undiscovered, unwitnessed suffering to themes be removed from the world and for people to be able to deny it honestly, they were then almost compelled to theory example invent gods and intermediate beings at all levels, high and lowbriefly put, something that also roamed in hidden places, that also looked into the darkness, and that would not readily permit an interesting painful spectacle to escape its attention. Andy Dufresne Crawled. Hence, with the help of such inventions life then understood and has always understood how to justify itself by a trick, how to symbolic theory justify its evil. Nowadays perhaps it requires other helpful inventions (for example, life as riddle, life as a problem of knowledge). Every evil which is uplifting in the eyes of God is justified: that's how the pre-historical logic of feeling rang outand was that really confined to crawled pre-history? The gods conceived of as friends of cruel spectacleoh, how far this primitive idea rises up over the development of our European humanity!

We might well seek advice from Calvin and Luther on this point. At any rate it is certain that even the Greeks knew of symbolic interaction theory example, no more acceptable snack to offer their gods for their happiness that the joys of cruelty. With what sort of expression, do you think, did Homer allow his gods to look down on the fate of men? What final sense was there essentially in the Trojan War and similar frightful tragedies? We cannot entertain the slightest doubts about this: they were intended as celebrations for literature review in a the godsand, to theory the extent that the in another country poet is in these matters more godlike than other men, as festivals for the poets as well. Later the Greek moral philosophers in the same way imagined the eyes of god looking down on symbolic example, the moral struggles, on heroism and the self-mutilation of the virtuous: the Hercules of duty was on stage, and he knew he was there.

Without someone watching, virtue for this race of actors was something entirely inconceivable. Surely that daring and unit, fateful philosophical invention, first made for Europe at that time, the free will, the absolutely spontaneous nature of human beings in matters of good and evil, was created above all to symbolic theory justify the idea that the interest of gods in men and in review in a, human virtue could never run out? On this earthly stage there was never to be any lack of really new things, really unheard of suspense, complication, catastrophe. A world conceived of as perfectly deterministic would have been predictable and therefore also soon boring for the gods. That was reason enough for these friends of the symbolic theory gods, the philosophers, not to ascribe such a deterministic world to their gods! All of ancient humanity is full of sensitive consideration for the spectator, for a truly public, truly visible world, which did not know how to imagine happiness without dramatic performances and festivals. And, as I have already said, in the great punishments there is definition for central unit also so much celebration! To resume the path of interaction example, our enquiry, the feeling of guilt, of personal obligation has, as we saw, its origin in literature in a research paper, the oldest and most primitive personal relationship there is and has beenin the relationship between seller and buyer, creditor and debtor. Here for the first time one person encountered another person and symbolic interaction, measured himself against him. For Central Unit. We have not yet found a civilization at such a low level that something of interaction, this relationship is not already perceptible.

To set prices, measure values, think up equivalencies, to exchange thingsthat preoccupied man's very first thinking to such a degree that in a certain sense it's what thinking is. The very oldest form of astuteness was bred herehere, too, we can assume are the first beginnings of human pride, his feeling of andy dufresne crawled, pre-eminence in relation to other animals. Perhaps our word man [ Mensch ] ( manas ) continues to express directly something of example, this feeling of the andy dufresne crawled self: the human being describes himself as a being which assesses values, which values and symbolic, measures, as the calculating animal as such. Selling and buying, together with their psychological attributes, are even older than the beginnings of any form of social organization and grouping. It is much rather the Kate Chopin Short Essay case that out symbolic interaction theory of the most rudimentary form of literature review, personal legal right the budding feeling of exchange, contract, guilt, law, duty, compensation were first transferred to the crudest and earliest social structures (in their relationships with similar social structures), along with the interaction theory example habit of comparing power with power, of measuring, of research, calculating. The eye was now at any rate adjusted to interaction theory example this perspective, and with that awkward consistency characteristic of the andy thinking in ancient human beings, hard to get started but then inexorably moving forward in the same direction, people soon reached the great generalization Everything has its price, everything can be paid offthe oldest and most nave moral principle of justice, the interaction theory beginning of all good nature, all fairness, all good will, all objectivity on how many have, earth. Justice at this first stage is good will among those approximately equal in power to come to terms with each other, to understand each other again by compensationand in relation to those less powerful, to compel them to arrive at some settlement among themselves.

Still measuring by the standard of pre-history (a pre-history which, by the way, is present at all times or is capable of returning), the community also stands in relation to theory example its members in that important basic relationship of the creditor to his debtors. Chopin Short Essay. People live in a community. Interaction. They enjoy the advantages of pages does, a community (and what fine advantages they are! Nowadays we sometimes underestimate them)they live protected, cared for, in peace and trust, without worries concerning certain injuries and enmities from which the interaction man outside the community, the man without peace, is excludeda German understands what misery [ Elend ] or lend [ other country ] originally meantand how people pledge themselves to and enter into obligations with the in another country community bearing in interaction theory, mind precisely these injuries and enmities. What will happen with an definition unit, exception to this case? The community, the defrauded creditor, will see that it gets paid as well as it canon that people can rely. The issue here is least of all the immediate damage which the theory offender has caused. Setting this to one side, the lawbreaker [ Verbrecher ] is above all a breaker [ Brecher ]a breaker of contracts and a breaker of his word against the totality, with respect to literature review in a paper all the good features and advantages of the communal life in which, up to that point, he has had a share. The lawbreaker is a debtor who does not merely not pay back for the benefits and advances given to symbolic interaction theory him, but who even attacks his creditor.

So from literature research paper, this point on interaction theory, not only of Choosing Essay does he lose, as is reasonable, all these good things and benefits, but he is symbolic interaction example also more pertinently reminded what these good things are all about. The anger of the review in a paper injured creditor, the community, gives him back the wild condition, as free as a bird, from which he was earlier protected. It pushes him away from it, and now every form of hostility can vent itself on him. At this stage of cultural behaviour punishment is simply the copy, the symbolic interaction example mimus , of the normal conduct towards the hated, disarmed enemy who has been thrown down, who has lost not only all rights and protection but also all mercyhence it is a case of the Chopin Stories Essay rights of war and the victory celebration of vae victis [ woe to the conquered ] in all its ruthlessness and cruelty, which accounts for the fact that war itself (including the warlike cult of sacrifice) has given us all the ways in which punishment has appeared in history. As it acquires more power, a community considers the crimes of a single individual less serious, because they no longer make him as dangerous and unsettling for the existence of the community as much as they did before. The wrong doer is no longer left without peace and interaction theory example, thrown out, and the common anger can no longer vent itself on him without restraint to literature review research paper the same extent it did before. It is rather the case that the wrong doer from symbolic interaction theory, now on is carefully protected by the community against this anger, particularly from that of the injured person, and is taken into protective custody.

The compromise with the The Consequences Essay anger of those most immediately affected by the wrong doing, and thus the effort to symbolic interaction theory example localize the case and to avert a wider or even a general participation and unrest, attempts to find equivalents and to for central processing settle the interaction whole business (the compositio ), above all the desire, appearing with ever-increasing clarity, to consider every crime as, in some sense or other, capable of being paid off, and thus, at least to literature some extent, to separate the criminal and his crime from each otherthose are the characteristics stamped more and more clearly on the further development of criminal law. If the power and the self-confidence of a community keeps growing, the criminal law grows constantly milder. Interaction Theory Example. Every weakening and profound jeopardizing of the community brings the harsher forms of criminal law to light once more. The creditor always became proportionally more human as he became richer. Finally the research amount of his wealth itself establishes how much damage he can sustain without suffering from it. It would not be impossible to imagine a society with a consciousness of its own power which allowed itself the most privileged luxury which it can haveletting its criminals go free without punishment. Why should I really bother about my parasites, it would then say. May they live and prosperfor that I am still sufficiently strong! . Symbolic Interaction. . . Justice, which started by stating Everything is Kate Chopin Short capable of being paid for, everything must be paid off ends at interaction example that point, by covering its eyes and letting the person incapable of payment go freeit ends, as every good thing on earth ends, by doing away with itself. This self-negation of justicewe know what a beautiful name it call itselfmercy.

It goes without saying that mercy remains the privilege of the most powerful man, or even better, his movement beyond the law. Now a critical word about Kate Chopin Short Stories, a recently published attempt to find the origin of justice in quite a different placethat is, in resentment. But first let me speak a word in the ear of the psychologists, provided that they have any desire to example study resentment itself up close for once: this plant grows most beautifully nowadays among anarchists and anti-Semitesin addition, it blooms, as it always has, in hidden places, like the violet, although it has a different fragrance. In Another. And since like always has to example emerge from like, it is not surprising to see attempts coming forward from just such circles (see above, p. 30 [ First Essay ]) to sanctify revenge under the name of in another country themes, justice, as if justice were basically simply a further development of symbolic example, a feeling of being injured [ Verletzt-seins ], and to bring belated respect to emotional reactions generally, all of them, using the country themes idea of revenge. With this last point I personally take the symbolic interaction example least offence. It even seems to me a service, so far as the entire biological problem is concerned (in connection with which the worth of these emotions has been underestimated up to now). The only thing I'm calling attention to is the fact that it is the very idea of resentment itself out of which this new emphasis on scientific fairness grows (which favours hate, envy, resentment, suspicion, rancour, and revenge). This scientific fairness, that is, ceases immediately and gives way to tones of mortal enmity and prejudice as soon as it deals with another group of emotions which, it strikes me, have a much higher biological worth than those reactive ones and in another themes, which therefore have earned the right to be scientifically assessed and given a high valuenamely, the truly active emotions, like desire for mastery, acquisitiveness, and so on (E. Dhring, The Value of Life: A Course in Philosophy , the whole book really).

So much against this tendency in general. But in connection with Dhring's single principle that we must seek the symbolic theory example homeland of for central, justice in the land of the reactive feeling, we must, for love of the truth, rudely turn this around by setting out a different principle: the last territory to symbolic interaction example be conquered by the spirit of justice is the land of the reactive emotions! If it is truly the case that the review research paper just man remains just even towards someone who has injured him (and not just cold, moderate, strange, indifferent: being just is always a positive attitude), if under the sudden attack of personal injury, ridicule, and symbolic theory, suspicion, the gaze of the lofty, clear, deep, and benevolent objectivity of the just and judging eye does not grow dark, well, that's a piece of perfection and definition processing unit, the highest mastery on symbolic theory example, earth, even something that it would be wise for people not to expect and certainly not to how many pages the hobbit have believe in too easily. It's certainly true that, on average, even among the most just people even a small dose of hostility, malice, and symbolic interaction theory, insinuation is enough to make them see red and chase fairness out of their eyes. The active, aggressive, over-reaching human being is always placed a hundred steps closer to justice than the reactive. For him it is not even necessary in the slightest to estimate an object falsely and with bias, the way the reactive man does and must do. Thus, as a matter of andy dufresne crawled, fact, at symbolic example all times the Kate Short aggressive human beingthe stronger, braver, more noble manhas always had on his side a better conscience as well as a more independent eye.

And by contrast, we can already guess who generally has the invention of bad conscience on his consciencethe man of resentment! Finally, let's look around in interaction, history: up to now in what area has the whole implementation of law in general as well as the essential need for law been at home? Could it be in definition processing, the area of the reactive human beings? That is entirely wrong. Symbolic Interaction Example. It is much more the case that it's been at of Choosing an Heir home with the active, strong, spontaneous, and aggressive men. Historically considered, the symbolic interaction law on earthlet me say this to the annoyance of the above-mentioned agitator (who himself once made the confession The doctrine of revenge runs through all my work and efforts as the red thread of justice)represents that very struggle against the reactive feelings, the war with them on the part of active and Kate Chopin Essay, aggressive powers, which have partly used up their strength to put a halt to or restrain reactive pathos and to compel some settlement with it. Everywhere where justice is practised, where justice is upheld, we see a power stronger in relation to a weaker power standing beneath it (whether with groups or individuals) seeking a means to bring an end among the latter to the senseless rage of resentment, partly by dragging the object of resentment out of the hands of revenge, partly by setting in the place of revenge a battle against the enemies of peace and interaction theory, order, partly by coming up with compensation, proposing it, under certain circumstances making it compulsory, sometimes establishing certain equivalents for injuries as a norm, which from now on resentment has to deal with once and for all.

The most decisive factor, however, which the country highest power carries out and sets in place against the superior power of the feelings of hostility and animositysomething that power always does as soon as it feels itself strong enoughis to symbolic set up laws, the literature review imperative explanation of those things which, in example, its own eyes, are considered allowed and legal and which are considered forbidden and illegal. In the process, after the establishment of the an Heir Essay law, the authorities treat attacks and arbitrary acts of symbolic interaction theory, individuals or entire groups as an outrage against the law, as rebellion against the highest power itself, and Chopin Short Stories, they steer the feelings of those beneath them away from the immediate damage done by such outrages and thus, in symbolic theory example, the long run, achieve the reverse of what all revenge desires, which sees only the viewpoint of the injured party and considers only that valid. From now on, the eye becomes trained to Chopin Short evaluate actions always impersonally, even the symbolic theory eye of the harmed party itself (although this would be the very last thing to occur, as I have remarked earlier). Consequently, only with the setting up of the law is there a just and unjust (and not, as Dhring will have it, from the andy crawled time of the injurious action). To talk of just and unjust in themselves has no sense whatsoeverit's obvious that in themselves harming, oppressing, exploiting, destroying cannot be unjust, insofar as life essentially works that way, that is, in its basic functions it harms, oppresses, exploits, and destroysand cannot be conceived at all without these characteristics. We must acknowledge something even more alarmingthe fact that from the highest biological standpoint, conditions of law must always be exceptional conditions, partial restrictions on the basic will to live, which is set on symbolic interaction, powerthey are subordinate to the total purpose of this will as its individual means, that is, as means to The Consequences of Choosing an Heir create a larger unit of power.

A legal system conceived of as sovereign and universal, not as a means in the struggle of power complexes, but as a means against all struggles in general, something along the lines of Dhring's communist clich in theory, which each will must be considered as equal to every will, that would be a principle hostile to life, a destroyer and how many the hobbit have, dissolver of human beings, an example, assassination attempt on the future of how many pages does have, human beings, a sign of exhaustion, a secret path to nothingness. Here another word concerning the origin and purpose of punishmenttwo problems which are separate or should be separate. Unfortunately people normally throw them together. How do the symbolic interaction theory previous genealogists of morality deal with this problem? Naivelythe way they always work. They find some purpose or other for punishment, for example, revenge or deterrence, then in a simple way set this purpose at the beginning as the causa fiendi [ creative cause ] of punishment and then that's itthey're finished. The purpose in law, however, is the very last idea we should use in Essay, the history of the emergence of law. It is much rather the case that for all forms of history there is no more important principle that the one which we reach with such difficulty but which we also really should reach, namely that what causes a particular thing to arise and the final utility of that thing, its actual use and arrangement in symbolic interaction example, a system of purposes, are separate toto coelo [ by review in a research all the heavens, i.e., absolutely ], that something existing, which has somehow come to its present state, will again and again be interpreted by the higher powers over it from a new perspective, appropriated in a new way, reorganized for and redirected to new uses, that all events in the organic world involve overpowering, acquiring mastery and that, in turn, all overpowering and acquiring mastery involve a re-interpretation, a readjustment, in which the sense and purpose up to then must necessarily be obscured or entirely erased. No matter how well we have understood the usefulness of some physiological organ or other (or a legal institution, a social custom, a political practice, some style in art or in religious cults), we have not, in that process, grasped anything about its originno matter how uncomfortable and unpleasant this may sound in elderly ears.

From time immemorial people have believed that in demonstrable purposes, the usefulness of a thing, a form, or an institution they could understand the reasons it came into existencethe eye as something made to see, the hand as something made to grasp. So people also imagined punishment as invented to punish. But all purposes, all uses, are only signs that a will to power has become master over something with less power and has stamped on it its own meaning of some function, and the entire history of a thing, an organ, a practice can by this process be seen as a continuing chain of interaction theory, signs of constantly new interpretations and adjustments, whose causes need not be connected to in another country each otherthey rather follow and take over from each other under merely contingent circumstances. Consequently, the symbolic interaction theory development of a thing, a practice, or an Chopin Stories, organ has nothing to symbolic do with its progress towards a single goal, even less is it the logical and shortest progress reached with the least expenditure of power and resources, but rather the sequence of more or less profound, more or less mutually independent processes of overpowering which take place on Short Stories Essay, that thing, together with the resistance which arises against symbolic interaction example that overpowering each time, the transformations of form which have been attempted for the purpose of literature review paper, defence and reaction, the results of successful countermeasures. Form is fluidthe meaning, however, is interaction even more so . . . Even within each individual organism things are no different: with every essential growth in the totality, the meaning of an individual organ also shiftsin certain circumstances its partial destruction, a reduction of crawled, its numbers (for example, through the destruction of intermediate structures) can be a sign of growing power and perfection. Let me say this: the partial loss of utility, decline, and example, degeneration, the Kate Stories Essay loss of meaning, and purposelessness, in short, death, belong to symbolic theory example the conditions of a real progress, which always appears in the form of a will and a way to greater power always establishing itself at the expense of a huge number of smaller powers. The size of a step forward can even be estimated by a measure of everything that had to be sacrificed to it. The mass of humanity sacrificed for how many does have the benefit of a single stronger species of manthat would be a step forward . . . I emphasize this major point of view about historical methodology all the more since it basically runs counter to the present ruling instinct and contemporary taste, which would rather go along with the absolute contingency, even the mechanical meaninglessness of all events rather than with the theory of a will to power playing itself out in everything that happens. The democratic idiosyncrasy of being hostile to everything which rules and wants to rule, the modern ruler-hatred [ Misarchismus ] (to make up a bad word for theory a bad thing), has gradually transformed itself and dressed itself up in in another themes, intellectual activity, the most intellectual activity, to symbolic theory such an extent that nowadays step by definition for central step it infiltrates the strictest, apparently most objective scientific research, and is allowed to infiltrate it. Indeed, it seems to me already to have attained mastery over all of physiology and the understanding of life, to their detriment, as is obvious, because it has conjured away from them their fundamental conceptthat of real activity.

By contrast, under the pressure of symbolic interaction theory example, this idiosyncrasy we push adaptation into the foreground, that is, a second-order activity, a mere re-activityin fact, people have defined life itself as an always purposeful inner adaptation to external circumstances (Herbert Spencer). But that simply misjudges the essence of life, its will to power. That overlooks the first priority of the spontaneous, aggressive, over-reaching, re-interpreting, re-directing, and of Choosing Essay, shaping powers, after whose effects the adaptation first follows. Thus, the governing role of the symbolic highest functions in andy dufresne, an organism, ones in interaction theory, which the will for living appear active and creative, are denied. Country Themes. People should remember the criticism Huxley directed at Spencer for his administrative nihilism. But the symbolic interaction issue here concerns much more than administration . . Have. . Returning to the business at symbolic interaction theory example hand, that is, to punishment, we have to differentiate between two aspects of it: first its relative duration, the way it is carried out, the action, the drama, a certain strict sequence of procedures and, on the other hand, its fluidity, the meaning, the purpose, the expectation linked to the implementation of such procedures. In this matter, we can here assume, without further comment, per analogium [ by analogy ], in accordance with the definition for central unit major viewpoints about the historical method we have just established, that the procedure itself will be somewhat older and earlier than its use as a punishment, that the symbolic interaction theory example latter was only injected and interpreted into the procedure (which had been present for a long time but was a tradition with a different meaning), in short, that it was not what our nave genealogists of morality and law up to now assumed, who collectively imagined that the procedure was invented for the purpose of punishment, just as people earlier thought that the hand was invented for the purpose of grasping. Now, so far as that other element in punishment is concerned, the The Consequences of Choosing fluid element, its meaning, in a very late cultural state (for example in contemporary Europe) the symbolic theory idea of dufresne, punishment actually presents not simply one meaning but a whole synthesis of meanings. The history of punishment up to now, in general, the history of its use for different purposes, finally crystallizes into a sort of unity, which is difficult to untangle, difficult to analyze, and, it must be stressed, totally incapable of definition. (Today it is impossible to say clearly why we really have punishmentall ideas in which an entire process is semiotically summarized elude definitiononly something which has no history is capable of being defined). At an earlier stage, by contrast, that synthesis of meanings appears much easier to untangle, as well as easier to symbolic adjust.

We can still see how in every individual case the elements in the synthesis alter their valence and rearrange themselves to such an extent that soon this or that element steps forward and dominates at the expense of the restindeed, under certain circumstances one element (say, the purpose of deterrence) appears to Kate Short Stories rise above all the other elements. In order to give at least an idea of how uncertain, how belated, how accidental the meaning of punishment is and how one and the same procedure can be used, interpreted, or adjusted for fundamentally different purposes, let me offer here an example which presented itself to me on theory example, the basis of relatively small and definition unit, random material: punishment as a way of rendering someone harmless, as a prevention from further harm; punishment as compensation for the damage to symbolic interaction theory the person injured, in some form or other (also in the form of emotional compensation); punishment as isolation of some upset to an even balance in order to avert a wider outbreak of the disturbance; punishment as way of bringing fear to those who determine and carry out processing unit punishment; punishment as a sort of compensation for the advantages which the law breaker has enjoyed up until that time (for example, when he is made useful as a slave working the mines); punishment as a cutting out of symbolic theory, a degenerate element (in some circumstances an entire branch, as in Chinese law, and thus a means to keep the race pure or to sustain a social type); punishment as festival, that is, as the violation and humiliation of in another, some enemy one has finally thrown down; punishment as a way of interaction example, making a conscience, whether for the man who suffers the The Consequences punishmentso-called reformor whether for those who witness the punishment being carried out; punishment as the payment of an interaction example, honorarium, set as a condition by those in power, which protects the wrong doer from the excesses of revenge; punishment as a compromise with the natural condition of how many pages, revenge, insofar as the latter is still upheld and assumed as a privilege by powerful families; punishment as a declaration of war and a war measure against an enemy to peace, law, order, and authority, which people fight with the very measures war makes available, as something dangerous to symbolic interaction theory example the community, as a contract breaker with respect to its conditions, as a rebel, traitor, and breaker of the peace. Of course, this list is not complete. Obviously punishment is Kate overloaded with all sorts of useful purposesall the more reason why people infer from it an alleged utility, which in the popular consciousness at theory least is considered the most essential one. Faith in punishment, which nowadays for how many the hobbit have several reasons is getting very shaky, always finds its most powerful support in precisely this: Punishment is supposed to be valuable in symbolic interaction theory example, waking a feeling of guilt in the guilty party. In punishment people are looking for the actual instrument for that psychic reaction called bad conscience and pangs of andy crawled, conscience. Interaction Theory. In doing this, people still apply reality and psychology incorrectly to present issuesand how much more incorrectly to the greater part of man's history, his prehistory! Real pangs of conscience are something extremely rare precisely among criminals and prisoners. Prisons and penitentiaries are not breeding grounds in which this species of gnawing worm particularly thriveson that point all conscientious observers agree, in many cases delivering such a judgment with sufficient unwillingness, going against definition their own desires.

In general, punishment makes people hard and cold. It concentrates. It sharpens the feeling of estrangement and strengthens powers of resistance. If it comes about that punishment shatters a man's energy and brings on a wretched prostration and self-abasement, such a consequence is surely even less pleasant than the ordinary results of punishmentcharacteristically a dry and gloomy seriousness. However, if we consider the millennia before the history of humanity, without a second thought we can conclude that the symbolic example very development of for central processing unit, a feeling of guilt was most powerfully hindered by interaction theory example punishment, at least with respect to the victims onto whom this force of punishment was vented.

For let us not underestimate just how much the criminal is prevented by the sight of judicial and executive processes from sensing the nature of his action as something reprehensible in itself, for literature review in a research paper he sees exactly the example same kind of actions undertaken in the service of justice, applauded and practised in good conscience, like espionage, lying, bribery, entrapment, the whole tricky and sly art of the police and prosecution, as it develops in the various kinds of literature in a research paper, punishmentthe robbery, oppression, abuse, imprisonment, torture, murder (all done as a matter of principle, without any emotional involvement as an excuse). Such actions are in no way rejected or condemned in themselves by his judges, but only in interaction, particular respects when used for certain purposes. Bad conscience, this most creepy and interesting plant among our earthly vegetation, did not grow in this soil. In fact, for the longest period in the past no notion of review paper, dealing with a guilty party penetrated the consciousness of symbolic example, judges or even those doing the punishing.. They were dealing with someone who had caused harm, with an how many have, irresponsible piece of fate. And the man on whom punishment later fell, once again like a piece of fate, experienced in that no inner pain, other than what came from the sudden arrival of something unpredictable, a terrible natural event, a falling, crushing boulder against which there is example no way to fight. At one point Spinoza became aware of this point (something which irritates his interpreters, like Kuno Fischer, who really go to great lengths to misunderstand him on this issue), when one afternoon, confronted by some memory or other (who knows what?), he pondered the question about what, as far as he was concerned, was left of the celebrated morsus conscientiae [ the bite of conscience ]for he had expelled good and evil into the human imagination and had irascibly defended the honour of his free God against those blasphemers who claimed that in everything God worked sub ratione boni [ with good reason ] (but that means that God would be subordinate to Fate, a claim which, if true, would be the greatest of all contradictions). For Spinoza the world had gone back again into that state of innocence in have, which it existed before the fabrication of the idea of symbolic interaction, a bad conscience.

So what, then, had happened to literature research paper the morsus conscientiae ? The opposite of gaudium [ joy ], Spinoza finally told himself is sorrow, accompanied by symbolic theory example the image of dufresne, something over and done with which happened contrary to all expectation ( Ethics III, Proposition XVIII, Schol. I. II). Just like Spinoza, those instigating evil who incurred punishment have for thousands of years felt in connection with their crime Something has unexpectedly gone awry here, not I should not have done that. They submitted to their punishment as people submit to a sickness or some bad luck or death, with that brave fatalism free of revolt which, for example, gives the symbolic Russians an advantage over us westerners in coping with life. If back then there was some criticism of the act, such criticism came from prudence: without question we must seek the essential effect of punishment above all in an increase of prudence, in a extension of memory, in a will to Kate Short Essay go to work from symbolic interaction, now on more carefully, mistrustfully, and secretly, with the awareness that we are in many things too weak, in a kind of improved ability to judge ourselves. In general, what can be achieved through punishment, in human beings and animals, is an increase in fear, a honing of prudence, control over desires. Kate Chopin. In the process, punishment tames human beings, but it does not make them better. People might be more justified in asserting the opposite (Popular wisdom says Injury makes people prudent, but to the extent that it makes them prudent it also makes them bad. Fortunately, often enough it makes people stupid.) At this point, I can no longer avoid setting out, in an initial, provisional statement, my own hypothesis about the origin of bad conscience.

It is not easy to get people to symbolic interaction theory attend to it, and it requires them to consider it at length, to guard it, and to sleep on it. I consider bad conscience the profound illness which human beings had to come down with, under the pressure of the most fundamental of all the in another themes changes which they experiencedthat change when they found themselves locked within the confines of society and peace. Just like the things water animals must have gone though when they were forced either to become land animals or to theory example die off, so events must have played themselves out with this half-beast so happily adapted to the wilderness, war, wandering around, adventuresuddenly all its instincts were devalued and disengaged. From this point on, these animals were to go on foot and carry themselves; whereas previously they had been supported by the water. A terrible heaviness weighed them down. In performing the simplest things they felt ungainly. In dealing with this new unknown world they no longer had their old leader, the ruling unconscious drives which guided them safely. Crawled. These unfortunate creatures were reduced to symbolic theory thinking, inferring, calculating, bringing together cause and effect, reduced to their consciousness, their most impoverished and error-prone organ! I believe that on earth there has never been such a feeling of misery, such a leaden discomfortwhile at the same time those old instincts had not all at once stopped imposing their demands! Only it was difficult and seldom possible to do their bidding.

For the Kate Chopin Stories Essay most part they had to find new and, as it were, underground satisfactions for them. All instincts which are not discharged to symbolic interaction theory the outside are turned back inside. This is what I call the internalization of man. From this first grows in man what people later call his soul. The entire inner world, originally as thin as if stretched between two layers of skin, expanded and extended itself, acquired depth, width, and height to the extent that the discharge of human instinct out into the world was obstructed. Those frightening fortifications with which the organization of the state protected itself against the old instincts for freedompunishment belongs above all to in another country themes these fortificationsmade all those instincts of the wild, free, roaming man turn backwards, against man himself.

Enmity, cruelty, joy in symbolic, pursuit, in attack, in change, in destructionall those turned themselves against the possessors of such instincts. That is the origin of research, bad conscience. The man who lacked external enemies and opposition and was forced into an oppressive narrowness and regularity of custom, impatiently tore himself apart, persecuted himself, gnawed away at himself, grew upset, and did himself damagethis animal which scraped itself raw against the bars of its cage, which people want to tame, this impoverished creature, consumed with longing for interaction theory example the wild, had to create in itself an in a research paper, adventure, a torture chamber, an uncertain and dangerous wilderness, this fool, this yearning and puzzled prisoner, was the inventor of bad conscience. With him was introduced the greatest and weirdest illness, from which human beings today have not recovered, the suffering of symbolic interaction, man from his humanness, from himself, a consequence of the forcible separation from his animal past, a leap and, so to speak, a fall into new situations and living conditions, a declaration of crawled, war against the old instincts, on which, up to that point, his power, joy, and symbolic interaction theory, ability to inspire fear had been based. Let us at once add that, on the other hand, the fact that there was now an animal soul turned against itself, taking sides against in another country itself, provided this earth with something so new, profound, unheard of, enigmatic, contradictory, and portentous [ Zukunftsvolles ], that the picture of the earth was fundamentally changed. In fact, it required divine spectators to approve the dramatic performance which then began and whose conclusion is not yet in sight, a spectacle too fine, too wonderful, too paradoxical, to be allowed to play itself out senselessly and unobserved on theory example, some ridiculous star or other. Since then man has been included among the most unexpected and most thrilling lucky rolls of the for central dice in the game played by Heraclitus' great child, whether he's called Zeus or chance.

In himself he arouses a certain interest, tension, hope, almost a certainty, as if something is announcing itself in him, is preparing itself, as if the human being were not the goal but only the way, an symbolic theory, episode, a great promise . . . Inherent in review in a paper, this hypothesis about the origin of symbolic, bad conscience is, firstly, the assumption that this change was not gradual or voluntary and did not manifest an organic growth into new conditions, but was a break, a leap, something forced, an irrefutable disaster, against which there was no struggle nor any resentment. Secondly, it assumes that the adaptation of a populace which had hitherto been unchecked and shapeless into a fixed form was initiated by an act of violence and was carried to its conclusion by nothing but sheer acts of violence, that consequently the very oldest State emerged as a terrible tyranny, as an oppressive and Kate Short Stories Essay, inconsiderate machinery and continued working until such a raw materials of people and half-animals finally were not only thoroughly kneaded and submissive but also given a shape. I used the word Stateit is symbolic self-evident who is meant by that termsome pack of blond predatory animals, a race of conquerors and masters, which, organized for war and with the power to organize, without thinking about it, sets its terrifying paws on in another country themes, a subordinate population which may perhaps be vast in numbers but is still without any shape, is theory example still wandering about. That's surely the way the State begins on earth. I believe that that fantasy has been done away with which sees the beginning of the state in some contract. The man who can command, who is naturally a master, who comes forward with violence in his actions and gestureswhat has a man like that to do with making contracts! We cannot negotiate with such beings. They come like fate, without cause, reason, consideration, or pretext. They are present as lightning is present, too fearsome, too sudden, too convincing, too different even to become hated.

Their work is the instinctive creation of forms, the imposition of forms. They are the most involuntary and unconscious artists in existence. An Heir. Where they appear something new is soon present, a living power structure, something in which the symbolic interaction parts and functions are demarcated and coordinated, in andy, which there is, in general, no place for anything which does not first derive its meaning from interaction, its relationship to the totality. These men, these born organizers, have no idea what guilt, responsibility, and Kate Chopin Short, consideration are. In them that fearsome egotism of the artist is in charge, which stares out like bronze and knows how to justify itself for all time in the work, just like a mother with her child. They are not the ones in whom bad conscience grewthat point is obvious. Theory. But this hateful plant would not have grown without them. Kate Chopin. It would have failed if an immense amount of freedom had not been driven from the world under the pressure of their hammer blowsor at symbolic theory least driven from sight and, as it were, had become latent.

This powerful instinct for freedom, once made latent (we already understand how), this instinct driven back, repressed, imprisoned inside, and finally able to discharge and direct itself only against itselfthat and that alone is what bad conscience is in its beginnings. We need to definition for central be careful not to entertain a low opinion of this entire phenomenon simply because it is from the outset hateful and painful. Basically it is the same active force which is at work on a grander scale in those artists of power and organization and symbolic interaction, which builds states. Here it is inner, smaller, more mean spirited, directing itself backwards, into the labyrinth of the how many breast, to use Goethe's words, and symbolic, it builds bad conscience and negative ideals for itself, that very instinct for andy freedom (to use my own language, the will to symbolic example power). But the dufresne crawled material on which the shaping and violating nature of this force directs itself is man himself, all his old animal self, and not, as in that greater and more striking phenomenon, on another man or on other men. This furtive violation of the self, this artistic cruelty, this pleasure in giving a shape to oneself as if to a tough, resisting, suffering material, to burn into it a will, a critique, a contradiction, a contempt, a denialthis weird and horribly pleasurable work of a soul voluntarily divided against itself, which makes itself suffer for the pleasure of symbolic example, creating suffering, all this active bad conscience, as the womb of ideal and imaginative events, finally brought to lightwe have already guessedalso an abundance of strange new beauty and affirmation, perhaps for the first time the idea of the beautiful. . . . For what would be beautiful, if its opposite had not yet come to an awareness of itself, if ugliness had not already said to Stories Essay itself, I am ugly . Symbolic Theory Example. . . At least, after this hint one paradox will be less puzzlinghow contradictory ideas, like selflessness, self-denial, and self-sacrifice, can connote an andy crawled, ideal, something beautiful. Symbolic. And beyond that, one thing we do knowI have no doubt about itnamely, the nature of the pleasure which the selfless, self-denying, self-sacrificing person experiences from the start: this pleasure belongs to cruelty. So much for the moment on the origin of the review unegoistic as something of moral worth and on the demarcation of the soil out of which this value has grown: only bad conscience, only the will to abuse the self, provides the condition for the value of the unegoistic.

Bad conscience is a sicknessthere's no doubt about thatbut a sickness as pregnancy is a sickness. Let's look for the conditions in which this illness has arrived at symbolic interaction theory example its most terrible and most sublime peak. In this way we'll see what really first brought about in another themes, its entry into the world. But that requires a lot of enduranceand we must first go back to an earlier point. The relationship in civil law between the debtor and the creditor, which I have reviewed extensively already, has been reinterpreted once again in an extremely remarkable and dubious historical manner into a relationship which we modern men are perhaps least capable of understanding, namely, into the relationship between those people presently alive and their ancestors.

Within the symbolic theory example original tribal cooperativeswe're talking about Kate Chopin Stories, primeval timesthe living generation always acknowledged a legal obligation to symbolic theory the previous generations, and especially to the earliest one which had founded the tribe (and this was in no way merely a sentimental obligationthe latter is something we could reasonably claim was absent for in another the longest period of the human race). Symbolic Example. Here the reigning conviction was that the tribe exists only pages does have because of the sacrifices and achievements of their ancestors, and that people must pay them back with sacrifices and achievements. In this people recognize a debt which keeps steadily growing because these ancestors in theory, their continuing existence as powerful spirits do not stop giving the tribe new advantages and lending them their power. Do they do this gratuitously? But there is no gratuitously for these raw and spiritually destitute ages. What can people give back to andy dufresne them?

Sacrifices (at first as nourishment understood very crudely), festivals, chapels, signs of honour, and, above all, obediencefor all customs, as work of one's ancestors, are also their statutes and commands. Symbolic Theory Example. Do people ever give them enough? This suspicion remains and definition processing, grows. From time to time it forcefully requires wholesale redemption, something huge as a payment back to interaction example the creditor (the notorious sacrifice of the first born, for example, blood, human blood in any case). Fear of ancestors and their power, the awareness of The Consequences an Heir Essay, one's debt to interaction theory example them, according to this kind of logic, necessarily increases directly in proportion to the increase in the power of the tribe itself, as the tribe finds itself constantly more victorious, more independent, more honoured, and more feared. It's not the other way around! Every step towards the decline of the tribe, all conditions of misery, all indications of degeneration, of dissolution, always lead to review in a research a diminution in the fear of the symbolic spirit of its founder and in another country themes, give a constantly smaller image of interaction example, his wisdom, providence, and present power. If we think this crude logic through to its conclusion, then the ancestors of the most powerful tribes must, because of the fantasy of definition for central processing, increasing fear, finally have grown into something immense and have been pushed into symbolic theory example, the darkness of a divine mystery, something beyond the powers of imagination, so the ancestor is necessarily transfigured into a god. Here perhaps lies even the origin of the gods, thus an origin out of fear! . . . And the man to whom it seems obligatory to add But also out of piety could hardly claim to be right for the longest period of human history, for his pre-history. Of course, he would be all the more correct for the middle period in which the noble tribes developed, those who in fact paid back their founders, their ancestors (heroes, gods), with interest, all the characteristics which in the meantime had become manifest in themselves, the noble qualities. Later we will have another look at the process by which the gods were ennobled and exalted (which is naturally not at all the same thing as their becoming holy).

But now, for the moment, let's follow the path of this whole development of the consciousness of guilt to its conclusion. As history teaches us, the consciousness of being in debt to the gods did not in any way come to an end after the downfall of communities organized on the basis of blood relationships. Just as humanity inherited the ideas of andy dufresne, good and bad from the nobility of the tribe (together with its fundamental psychological tendency to set up orders of rank), so people also inherited, as well as the divinities of the theory tribe and extended family, the pressure of Kate Chopin Stories, as yet unpaid debts and the desire to be relieved of them. Theory. (The transition is made with those numerous slave and indentured populations which adapted themselves to The Consequences of Choosing an Heir Essay the divine cults of symbolic interaction example, their masters, whether through compulsion or through obsequiousness and mimicry; from in another, them this inheritance overflowed in all directions). The feeling of theory, being indebted to the gods did not stop growing for several thousands of yearsalways, in fact, in in a research paper, direct proportion to the extent to which the idea of god and the feeling for god grew and interaction example, were carried to country themes the heights. (The entire history of interaction, ethnic fighting, victory, reconciliation, mergerseverything which comes before the final rank ordering of all the elements of andy, a people in that great racial synthesisis mirrored in symbolic example, the tangled genealogies of its gods, in the sagas of their fights, victories, and how many the hobbit have, reconciliations. Symbolic Interaction Theory Example. The progress towards universal kingdoms is at the same time always also the progress toward universal divinities. Of Choosing An Heir. In addition, despotism, with its overthrow of the independent nobles always builds the way to some variety of monotheism). The arrival of the Christian god, as the greatest god which has yet been reached, thus brought a manifestation of the greatest feeling of indebtedness on earth. Interaction Theory Example. Assuming that we have gradually set out in the reverse direction, we can infer with no small probability that, given the inexorable decline of faith in andy, the Christian god, even now there already may be a considerable decline in the human consciousness of guilt.

Indeed, we cannot dismiss the idea that the complete and interaction, final victory of atheism could release humanity from this entire feeling of being indebted to its origins, its causa prima [ prime cause ]. Atheism and a kind of second innocence belong together. So much for a brief and rough preface concerning the connection between the ideas guilt and definition unit, obligation with religious assumptions. Up to this point I have deliberately set aside the actual moralizing of interaction example, these ideas (the repression of them into the conscience, or more precisely, the complex interaction between a bad conscience and the idea of god). At the end of the previous section I even talked as if there was no such thing as this moralizing and thus as if now these ideas had necessarily come to an end after the collapse of their presuppositions, the faith in our creditor, in God. But to a terrible extent the facts indicate something different. The moralizing of the ideas of debt and duty, with their repression into bad conscience, actually gave rise to the attempt to reverse the direction of the development I have just described, or at least to bring its motion to a halt. Now, in a fit of pessimism, the review in a prospect of a final installment must once and for symbolic interaction theory all be denied. Now, our gaze is to bounce off and ricochet back despairingly off an definition unit, iron impossibility, now those ideas of debt and duty are supposed to turn back. But against whom? There can be no doubt: first of all against the debtor, in symbolic interaction theory, whom from this point on bad conscience, firmly set in him, eating into review in a paper, him and spreading out symbolic interaction theory like a polyp, grows wide and deep, until finally, with the impossibility of themes, discharging the debt, people think up the idea of the impossibility of removing the penance, the theory example idea that the debt cannot be paid off (eternal punishment). Definition For Central Processing Unit. Finally however, those ideas of debt and duty turn back even against the creditor.

People should, in this matter, now think about the causa prima [first cause] of interaction theory example, humanity, about the beginning of the human race, about unit, their ancestor who from now on is loaded down with a curse (Adam, original sin, no freedom for the will,) or about nature from whose womb human beings arose and into whom from now on the principle of symbolic example, evil is inserted (the demonizing of nature) or about existence in general, which remains something without value in itself (nihilistic turning away from existence, longing for nothingness, or a desire for its opposite, in an alternate state of being, Buddhism and things like that)until all of a sudden we confront the pages the hobbit have paradoxical and horrifying expedient with which a martyred humanity found temporary relief, that stroke of genius of ChristianityGod's sacrifice of himself for the guilt of symbolic interaction theory example, human beings, God paying himself back with himself, God as the only one who can redeem man from processing unit, what for human beings has become impossible to interaction theory example redeemthe creditor sacrifices himself for the debtor, out of Short Stories, love (can people believe that?), out of love for his debtor! . . . You will already have guessed what went on with all this and behind all this: that will to self-torment, that repressed cruelty of symbolic, animal man pushed inward and forced back into himself, imprisoned in the state to make him tame, who invented bad conscience in order to lacerate himself, after the more natural discharge of this will to inflict pain had been blocked, this man with a bad conscience seized upon in another, religious assumptions to drive his self-torment into something most horrifyinghard and sharp. Guilt towards God: this idea becomes his instrument of torture. He sees in God the ultimate contrast he is capable of discovering to his real and indissoluble animal instincts. Symbolic Interaction Example. He interprets these very animal instincts as a crime against God (as enmity, rebellion, revolt, against the master, the dufresne father, the original ancestor and beginning of the world). Interaction Example. He grows tense with the contradiction of God and devil, from himself he hurls every denial which he says to literature in a research paper himself, his nature, his naturalness, the reality of symbolic interaction example, his being as an affirmative yes, as something existing, as living, as real, as God, as the blessedness of God, as God the Judge, as God the Hangman, as something beyond him, as eternity, as perpetual torment, as hell, as punishment and guilt beyond all measure. In this mental cruelty there is a kind of insanity of the definition for central will, which simply has no equal: the human will finding him so guilty and reprehensible that there is no atonement, his will to imagine himself punished but in example, such a way that the punishment can never be adequate for his crime, his will to definition for central unit infect and poison the most fundamental basis of things with the problem of punishment and guilt in theory example, order to cut himself off once and for all from any exit out of an Heir, this labyrinth of fixed ideas, his will to erect an ideal (that of the holy God) in order to be tangibly certain of interaction theory example, his own absolute worthlessness when confronted with it. Oh this insane, sad beast man! What ideas he has, what unnaturalness, what paroxysms of nonsense, what bestiality of thought breaks from review paper, him as soon as he is prevented, if only a little, from being a beast in deed! . Symbolic Interaction Theory Example. . Pages. . All this is excessively interesting, but there's also a black, gloomy, unnerving sadness about symbolic interaction, it, so that man must forcefully hold himself back from gazing too long into these abysses. Here we have an illnessno doubt about thatthe most terrifying illness that has raged in human beings up to now. Kate Chopin Stories Essay. And anyone who can still hear (but nowadays people no longer have the interaction theory example ears for this) how in themes, this night of torment and insanity the cry of symbolic theory, love has resounded, the cry of the most yearning delight, of redemption through love, turns away, seized by an invincible horror. . . In human beings there is Kate Chopin so much that is terrible! . Interaction Example. . . For too long the in another themes world has been a lunatic asylum! . . . These remarks should be sufficient, once and for all, for the origin of the symbolic theory example holy God.

The fact that conceiving gods does not necessarily, in of Choosing, itself, lead to a degraded imaginationthat's something we have to consider for a moment, the point that there are more uplifting ways to symbolic theory example use the invention of the gods than for this human self-crucifixion and self-laceration in which Europe in the hobbit, the last millennia has become an expert. Fortunately that something we can infer if we take a look at the Greek gods, these reflections of nobler men, more rulers of theory, themselves, in whom the animal in man felt himself deified and did not tear himself apart, did not rage against himself! These Greeks for how many pages does the hobbit the longest time used their gods for symbolic interaction theory example the very purpose of keeping that bad conscience at a distance, in in another themes, order to be able to continue to enjoy their psychic freedom. Hence, their understanding was the opposite of how Christianity used its God. In this matter the Greeks went a long way, these splendid and lion-hearted Greeks, with their child-like minds. And no lesser authority than that of Homer's Zeus himself now and then tells them that they are making things too easy for themselves. It's strange, he says at one point in relation to the case of Aegisthus, a very bad case It's strange how these mortal creatures complain about the gods! Evil comes only from us, they claim, but they themselves.

Stupidly make themselves miserable, even contrary to fate. But at the same time we hear and see that even this Olympian spectator and judge is far from being irritated or thinking of them as evil because of this: How foolish they are he thinks in symbolic interaction, relation to the bad deeds of mortal men. And the Greeks of the strongest and definition for central processing unit, bravest times conceded that much about symbolic interaction theory, themselvesthe foolishness, stupidity, a little disturbance in the head were as far as the basis for many bad and fateful things are concernedfoolishness, not sin! Do you understand that? . . . The Consequences Of Choosing Essay. But even this disturbance in the head was a problem, Indeed, how is this even possible? Where could this have really come from in heads like the symbolic ones we have, we men of noble descent, happy, successful, from the best society, noble, and virtuous? For hundreds of years the noble Greek posed this question to himself in relation to any incomprehensible horror or outrage which had defiled one of his peers. Some god must have deluded him, he finally said, shaking his head . . . This solution is typical of the Greeks . . . In this way, the gods then served to dufresne crawled justify men to a certain extent, even in bad things. They served as the origin of evilat that time the gods took upon themselves, not punishment, but, what is nobler, the guilt.

I'll conclude with three question marksthat's clear enough. You may perhaps ask me, Is an ideal being built up here or shattered? . . . But have you ever really asked yourself how high a price has been paid on symbolic theory example, earth for the construction of Kate Chopin Short, every ideal? How much reality had to be constantly vilified and symbolic interaction theory, misunderstood, how many lies had to in a research paper be consecrated, how many consciences corrupted, how much god had to be sacrificed every time? That is the lawshow me the case where it has not been fulfilled! . . . We modern men, we are the inheritors of the vivisection of the conscience and the self-inflicted animal torture of the past millennia. That's what we have had the most practice doing, that is perhaps our artistryin any case it is something we have refined to spoil our taste. For too long man has looked at his natural inclinations with an evil eye, so that finally in him they have become twinned with bad conscience.

An attempt to reverse this might be possible, but who is strong enough for symbolic interaction that, that is, to interrelate with bad conscience the unnatural inclinations, all those aspirations for processing unit what lies beyond us, which goes against our senses, our instincts, nature, animalsin short, the earlier ideals, all the symbolic interaction theory ideals which are anti-life and have vilified the world. To whom can we turn to today with such hopes and pages does the hobbit have, demands? . . Interaction Theory. . We would have precisely the good men against pages us, as well, of course, as the comfortable, the complacent, the vain, the enthusiastic, the tired . . . But what is more offensive, what cuts us off more fundamentally from these others, than letting them take some note of the severity and loftiness with which we deal with ourselves. Interaction Example. And by contrast how obliging, how friendly all the dufresne world is in relation to us, as soon as we act as all the symbolic world does and let ourselves go just like everyone else! . . . To attain the goal I'm talking about requires a different sort of spirit that those which really exist at this time: spirits empowered by war and The Consequences an Heir, victory, for whom conquest, adventure, danger, and even pain have even become a need. That would require getting acclimatized to keen, high air, winter wanderings, to ice and mountains in every sense. That would require even a kind of sublime maliciousness, an theory example, ultimate self-conscious willfulness of knowledge, which comes with great health. Briefly put, that would unfortunately require this great health! . . . Pages The Hobbit Have. Is this even possible today? . . . But at interaction some time or other, in of Choosing, a more powerful time than this mouldy, self-doubting present, he must nonetheless come to symbolic us, the redeeming man of great love and contempt, the creative spirit, constantly pushed away from the sidelines or from the beyond by his own driving power, whose isolation is misunderstood by people as if it were a flight from literature in a research, reality, whereas it is his immersion, burial, and symbolic theory, absorption into nothing but reality, so that once he comes out of it into the light again, he brings back the redemption of pages does the hobbit have, this reality, its redemption from the curse which the previous ideal had laid upon it.

This man of the future, who will release us from that earlier ideal and, in theory example, so doing, from those things which had to The Consequences of Choosing an Heir grow from symbolic interaction theory, it, from the great loathing, from the The Consequences Essay will to nothingness, from nihilismthat stroke of noon and of the great decision which makes the symbolic interaction example will free once again, who gives back to definition for central processing unit the earth its purpose and to human beings their hope, this anti-Christ and interaction, Anti-nihilist, this conqueror of God and of nothingnessat some point he must come . Andy Dufresne Crawled. . . But what am I talking about symbolic, here? Enough, enough! At this stage there's only one thing appropriate for me to do: keep quiet. Otherwise, I'll make the mistake of arrogating to myself something which only someone younger is free to do, someone with a greater future, someone more powerful than Isomething which only Zarathustra is The Consequences free to do, Zarathustra the symbolic interaction theory example Godless. . .

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Symbolism, Fauvism, Cubism, Futurism, and DADA essay. Symbolism has widely been used as a means of representation of gender roles, which have become critical in the modern day society. This has especially been done with regard to enhancing expression of feminine and masculine nude elements found in the common layman societal view. This has ultimately resulted in symbolic interaction, the enhancement and establishment of female and andy dufresne crawled male nude tendencies that are currently used in symbolic theory, the definition of human perceptions concerning the same (Tom and Mark, “Contemporary Art Forms and of Choosing Essay Modernity”, 23). The concept essentially takes into account the phenomenal differences that exist among their midst. An expression of symbolism with regard to nudity can be seen in the bath water vase depicting Pelops and Hippodameia on interaction theory example, a Chariot in which there is in another themes, a picture of a nude youth accompanied by a woman who is draped in cloth (Museum of Fine Arts, “Handbook of Fine Art”). This serves to bring out symbolic expression of erotic association in the enhancement of male-female relationships. Fauvism is an art movement, which was started back in 1905, and it emphasized on the expression of symbolic theory, art forms through the discreet of rare unnatural colors combined into simple forms.

The utilization of numerous colors in this manner gives the how many does work of art a different expression especially when the combinations used are non-standard formulas. This is evident in Henri Matisse’s painting in his work “Blue nude” in which a woman lies down on the ground while emphasis is put on symbolic theory, her body features (Tom and Mark, “Contemporary Art Forms and Modernity”, 28). The color combination shows a mixture of blue, green, white and literature research paper orange among others. These colors have been placed in the background in a bid to make the woman’s body look more prominent. Symbolic Theory? Similarly, in Kees van Dongen’s painting “the woman with large hat”, the color combination used projects on the woman’s breast features as opposed to the hat like the title suggests (Tom and Mark, “Contemporary Art Forms and Modernity”, 35). Literature Review In A Research Paper? This further serves to emphasize more on the woman’s beauty.

Cubism essentially refers to an artistic movement which begun in the French and has characteristics of geometry explained in terms of planes. It is essentially an avant-garde art movement that whose pioneers are Gorge Braque and Pablo Picasso. In addition, other pioneers who contributed to this discovery were Delaunay and Le Fauconnier. These pioneers essentially led to the start of the revolution period concerning the western painting and sculptural representations, and specifically European style of art. It involves portraying two-dimensional art forms in an artistic format that gives them three-dimensional form (Wood and Harrison, “Art in Theory 1900-2000: An Anthology of Changing Ideas”, 92). This type of art received accolade from many artists in the global scene. Picasso, for instance, combines visual and tactile perceptions into a single mode, he understands the fact that the picture is not necessarily a transposition of the portrayed diagram but it essentially encompasses elements of sense, idea that contribute to enhancement of its total image (Wood and Harrison, “Art in Theory 1900-2000: An Anthology of Changing Ideas”, 185). There are many instrumental examples that serve to theory example support this fundamental view. A good example would be Edgar Degas’ painting ‘the woman in andy dufresne crawled, birth’ which portrays a nude woman bathing in an old setting as she bends over showing her back (Tom and Mark, “Contemporary Art Forms and symbolic example Modernity”, 33).

The paint serves to bring out a different aspect of nudity in balancing gender roles in the fact that there is no explicit depiction of women in a disrespectful manner. The fact that bathing is a private affair serves to portray visible elements as well as tactile elements. Chopin Short Essay? The viewer of the picture gets the feeling of what is actually going on in the background from interaction a sensual approach. This positive depiction serves to pages have cement the impending relationships between traditional feminine and masculine derived roles. Another example of is Pablo Picasso’s ‘Blue nude’, which shows a woman sitting her with legs crossing as she leans on her elbow by placing one of her elbows on her knees (Tom and theory Mark, “Contemporary Art Forms and the hobbit have Modernity”, 37). This picture portrays a woman under some form of distress and she is barely trying to let out her emotions in order to lay matters to rest. This shows the manner in which women are essentially isolated from their personal selves by symbolic example, their significant others; in this case, it is the Kate men. It therefore portrays an imbalance in the balance of theory, societal roles delegated to women against those of their fellow men. Futurism is an artistic phenomenon that started among the Kate Chopin Essay Italian artists who tried to express the new views into the field of art through the symbolic theory example projection of artistic views to represent the critically valuable future.

The founder of this movement was Filippo Tommaso who fundamentally expounded deliberate art forms that strive to inculcate a futuristic component into a piece of art in his self-proclaimed manifesto. In his manifesto, he sought to oppose past sentiments associated with art forms and hence fronted for the transgression to modernity (Galenson, “Concepts and Revolutions in the Twentieth-Century Art Forms”, 108). An Heir? This was essentially an enthusiastic venture that sought to incorporate modern day technology into the scene of art and encapsulate them into a futuristic component. There are various nude art forms, which have been produced in contemporary art. The fundamental belief in futurism is the fact that objects begin to be viewed from a different viewpoint, which is devoid of the association with prevailing beliefs, for instance, religious beliefs regarding the morality of nude artistry forms. In Servini Gino’s work of art “La Danse du Pan Pan au Monico”, there are images have been idolized in abstract forms such that to interaction theory example the common believer this is The Consequences of Choosing, meant to spark a different view of the aspect of nudity (Tom and Mark, “Contemporary Art Forms and Modernity”, 39). Interaction Example? In as much as nudity is ordinarily seen as an explicit content material, in an Heir, certain cases there is a meaningful additional element that can be derived from its association. In this work of art, it appears as some form of confusion is going on in the crowd in which some imagery elements of women can be deduced.

The artist has entirely struggled to make the example components less explicit by super imposing the nude images onto one another using different colors. Dada is how many does, a form of art that has been greatly subject to a lot of symbolic theory example, controversial sentiments for Kate Short Essay a long time now. This form of art that silently flourished in the many western block and interaction example European block countries. The initial spirit towards its formulation was to emulate the spirit of resistance practiced towards supporters of the contemporary art world. Andy? The ideology of Dadaism was initially fronted by critics to the supporters of the contemporary art presentations that pursue the recognition of individual input into a specific art genre. The contenders of the ‘theory of the Avant-Garde’ essentially inform the spirit of Dadaism (Wood and Edwards, “Art of the Avant-Gardes”, 112).

This puts more emphasis on a movement’s influence on a single work of interaction, art. This therefore provides a mode of reaction to the works created by review research paper, upcoming and influential artists found in the art environment. The main aim is to create a method of categorizing produced forms of theory example, art by fundamentally receiving them after critical review into the movement. The most critical and renowned supporter of the Avant-Garde system, its pursuits and beliefs was Marcel Duchamp even thought he was finally ousted from how many does their helm. In his work ‘ Etant donnes’, which was incidentally his among his last works of art (Galenson, “Concepts and Revolutions in the Twentieth-Century Art Forms”, 105). In this art form, there is a naked body of a woman lying in interaction theory, the mouth of a cave while holding a lamp. The art form displays the woman’s sexual organs among other minute details (Galenson, “Concepts and Revolutions in the Twentieth-Century Art Forms”, 107). Of Choosing? This work of art essentially led to symbolic major criticism from Duchamp’s contenders. The work essentially promotes the idea of women as sexual objects. Short Stories Essay? In the background there appears to interaction theory be a wilderness setting and a small stream passing sideways to which the human is lying (Wood and Harrison, “Art in Theory 1900-2000: An Anthology of Changing Ideas”, 93).

This is because in the picture, the woman is virtually holding a lighting lamp and in another it appears as if there is anticipation of sexual activity. Symbolic Interaction Theory Example? It therefore relegates the woman’s role to that of conducting household duties, and pleasing the an Heir Essay men in fulfilling their sexual appetites. These modernists are essentially progressive in the elemental expression of gender roles, which define the critical roles assigned to feminine and masculine personalities. Their achievement can be attributed to the fundamental achievement in constructing desired personalities, which are embedded in symbolic interaction theory example, the categorical affiliations of different genders in the common society. The virtue of establishing a typical description of existing gender roles in the current existing societal frameworks concerning two-dimensional and three-dimensional art forms is paramount. How Many The Hobbit? The emphasis on nudity through erotic art for instance serves to enhance the appreciation of sensational tendencies associated which sexual affiliations (Wood and Edwards, “Art of the Avant-Gardes”,98). 2. Graphic Design and Technology. Color lithography has undergone significant evolution from the previous primitive forms to the modern digital lithographic forms common in many establishments. This transformation from the previous rudimentary forms has seen the enhancement of new art forms in the modern day society (Tom and Mark, “Contemporary Art Forms and Modernity”, 109). The art started in the primal days when painting of animal art forms was the order of the day. For instance, some of the earliest art designs found in the Greek were essentially molded by hand.

This was the classical art are in which bronze formed an important part of most art forms. However, there were attempts to make some form of decorations on symbolic theory, the rudimentary art forms. Painted art form took fore front for decorating majority of the objects (Museum of Fine Arts, “Handbook of Fine Arts: Western Art,” 44 ) . The classical period gave progressively led to the transfer of art skills to into the western culture to andy dufresne crawled the point it became a major area of interest giving birth and emancipation of western art. In Rogier van der Weyden’s painting done in 1480 in which he paints a virgin figure and captures the moment at example that time by covering aspects of the how many the hobbit landscape ultimately giving a feeling of care, color and brilliance (Museum of Fine Arts, “Handbook of Fine Arts: Western Art,” 74). This signifies the progression from rudimentary forms of art to modern day art expression of objects capturing the impending moments. Interaction Theory? The practice was then spread through the use of books, religion as seen in the Quran, calligraphy, cartographical maps, playing cards for gambling, in German suits, the Kate Chopin Stories Essay Byzantine art of the Roman Writing, Miniature art, Asian art forms, African art, communication and ultimately the modern day communication technology forms of graphic art and design. Dadaism as a movement has been the most critical in changing the outset of the interaction twenty-century art in an Heir, that its supporters have played such a significant role. For instance, a prominent figure in this scene is Marcel Duchamp. In Duchamp’s “Nude Descending a Staircase”, he strives to bring out different aspects of human movement as they descend the stairs (Tom and Mark, “Contemporary Art Forms and Modernity”, 58).

The title itself if very controversial in that it portrays a different element of the picture, which an on looker can barely achieve without significant interpretation. Theory? This art received significant criticism from the art analysts due to the message of literature in a research paper, irony it carries with it. Theory Example? In his cubist paint version, “The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors” the how many does the hobbit have same controversy is derived. This becomes the driving force in the formation of interaction theory example, fundamentally different art views from the contemporary world. The famous ‘Monalisa’ portrait received was ardently used to change the how many does have outset of art during criticism era of the 1890s (Tom and Mark, “Contemporary Art Forms and Modernity”, 60). The “Le lire” by symbolic interaction example, Arthur Sapeck depicts the image of Monalisa smoking a pipe with smoking blowing upwards. Does? This is fundamentally against the promotion of the contemporary art forms of the 1890s period (Wood and Harrison, “Art in Theory 1900-2000: An Anthology of Changing Ideas”, 212). Another instance is seen in Marcel Duchamp’s ‘the fountain.’ This is essentially a print picture hence serves to promote print art forms as opposed to symbolic interaction contemporary organic art. This helped the artists to literature review research paper develop new art forms through the interaction example progressive acquiring of new art skills from contemporary art versions.

This essentially came through the aspect of cross-cultural affiliations in those days when exploration was a major activity among the affluent society (Tom and Mark, “Contemporary Art Forms and dufresne Modernity”, 88). Hence, the expression of different cultural backgrounds served to symbolic interaction theory example develop and nurture these artistic skills into critical components of the existing society. In developing democratic forms of art, the artists have gone through encountered barrier points that need to be subjectively addressed leading to a change of prospects and in another themes artistic pursuits through enhanced of the technological platform. As visible in the 1890s, a new wave of influence began to set into symbolic interaction theory example, the literal art scene (Tom and Mark, “Contemporary Art Forms and Modernity”, 63). This was the periods when scientific revolution began to set in through the enhancement of science led inventions, which were typical for the industrial period. Modern artists have formed numerous affiliations opposing the fundamental continuation of primitive art forms or old art forms, which deserve to be eliminated from the official art scene.

These is very evident from the concept of the various existing movements found in the contemporary world, for instance, the associations with Dadaism who are well renowned in dufresne, their continued efforts to symbolic interaction example denounce the existence of old forms of art. Dufresne Crawled? The main aim is to oppose conventional art forms that have already undergone the fundamental test of time by submitting them to various review mechanisms meant to establish their relevancy with regard to example new provisions (Tom and Mark, “Contemporary Art Forms and Modernity”, 65). Of Choosing Essay? This leads to the creation of new definitions of art, which may not necessarily fit, into theory, the commonly known art forms. For instance, one may consider the description of silence as a qualifying form of art even though critics may find this notion somewhat misplaced. Futurism is also strongly associated with anti-art sentiments proclaimed by nonconforming modernist views. Among the most radical attacks on traditional art were instances provided by Dadaism followers. The most phenomenal was by Marcel Duchamp in his modification of the prestigious ‘Monalisa’ portrait (Galenson, “Concepts and Revolutions in the Twentieth-Century Art Forms”, 93). Here he adds a moustache and beard on Monalisa’s chin. This ultimately gives the portrait a masculine touch, which fundamentally changes the context of the portrait. The message intended is that it now time for newer forms of art to take the scene. Definition? Another controversial of Marcel Duchamp’s works is the symbolic theory example depiction of the urinal as ‘the fountain.’ This serves to negate the natural instinct with regard to real definition of the fountain (Galenson, “Concepts and Revolutions in the Twentieth-Century Art Forms”, 99).

The firm stand taken by the critics in Chopin Short Essay, the division of art forms into several categories further serves to strengthen these facts. For instance, the symbolic interaction theory reference of old art forms as classical art as opposed to modern art forms. Another anti-art protest is the depiction of the ‘Monalisa’ portrait with a smoking pipe by Arthur Sapeck (Galenson, “Concepts and Revolutions in literature research, the Twentieth-Century Art Forms”, 98). This was shown in an exhibition, which was christened ‘the incoherents.’ This serves to portray the level of defiance shown by these artists towards the continuation of the reputation of medieval art forms. There attacks were mostly motivated by the opposition of different ideals to symbolic which most of the artists belonged. For instance, two philosophers, Ernest Mach and Feud Sigmund argued on an Heir Essay, the application of the mind’s approach towards the interpretation of certain events. This ultimately determines the theory subject of a specific topical matter or concern. This led to literature research paper the development of positivism view, which determined the relationship between external variables, reality component, and the individual (Galenson, “Concepts and Revolutions in the Twentieth-Century Art Forms”, 99). The emphasis placed on the mind ability and freedom to discern the body’s surrounding and interaction theory example other happenings led to these developments. The anti-art led to for central processing unit the emancipation of new art forms that eventually led to the marketing idea of new forms of art. The platform of art was changed from that of a traditional approach of mere appreciation to the incorporation of business approaches.

The theory of modernism slowly transformed and led to the adoption of the theory pop culture. This came after the First World War. How Many Does Have? The new pop culture influence on art led to the emancipation of digitized forms of art compared to traditional organic forms (Tom and Mark, “Contemporary Art Forms and Modernity”, 73). Art became like a new for example society to address its social problems, which subsequently led to the commercialization of art forms. This transition caused led to the enhancement of self-awareness virtues among the human race. In Another Themes? With time, a new culture was being formed and private art practice became the norm through the teaching of art in various academic institutions. Mass production became the new element with the production of numerous forms of art through digitization technologies (Tom and Mark, “Contemporary Art Forms and symbolic interaction theory example Modernity”, 87). This led to the increased utilization of marketing strategies through utilization of themes, mass media.

As time went, art became revolutionized and it adopted other enhanced forms according to the market. These included visual art forms and performing arts.

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amish homework The Amish and Mennonites. A Look Into Folk Culture. The Plain People trace their origin back to symbolic, the Protestant Reformation in Europe, where there was an emphasis on returning to the purity of the New Testament church. One group of for central processing unit reformers rejected the popular concept of infant baptism, and became known as Anabaptists. The Anabaptists believed that only adults who had confessed their faith should be baptized, and that they should remain separate from the example larger society. In 1536, a young Catholic priest from Holland named Menno Simons joined the Anabaptist movement. His writings and crawled leadership united many of the Anabaptist groups, who later became known as Mennonites. One of the teachings of the Amish faith is called the ban or shunning.

This is based on the New Testament command not to associate with a church member who does not repent of his sinful conduct. The purpose of this discipline is to help the member realize the error of his ways and to encourage his repentance, after which he would be restored to church fellowship. This excommunication was at symbolic theory example, first only applied at pages does the hobbit have, the communion table. However, the followers of Jacob Amman felt the unrepentant individual should be completely shunned or avoided by all church members. This belief, along with other differences, led to Amman's split with the Mennonites in 1693. His followers were later called Amish. These Anabaptist groups were severely persecuted throughout Europe. Thousands were put to death as heretics by both Catholics and symbolic Protestants. Andy Dufresne Crawled. To avoid this persecution many fled to the mountains of Switzerland and symbolic southern Germany.

Here began the Amish tradition of for central processing farming and holding their worship services in homes rather than churches. Many Amish and Mennonites accepted William Penn's offer of religious freedom as part of theory example Penn's holy experiment of religious tolerance. They settled in what later became known as Pennsylvania. The first sizable group of Amish arrived in Lancaster County in the 1720's or 1730's. Today, the Amish can be found in 23 states here and in review paper, one Canadian province. Their settlement in example, and around Lancaster County is their second largest. Because of Kate Chopin Short Essay their large families, the symbolic interaction theory example total Amish population has more than doubled since 1960 to over 85,000. Very few of their children leave the church. The Amish and Mennonite churches still share the same beliefs concerning baptism, non-resistance, and basic Bible doctrines. They differ in matters of dress, technology, language, form of worship, and interpretation of the Bible. The Mennonites hold many of the same beliefs as the Amish, although they tend to be less conservative than their Amish neighbors.

Worship services are held weekly in their meeting houses. Most Mennonites have relaxed dress codes, and have gotten away from farm-related occupations. Short Stories. While Old Order Mennonites still drive their all-black carriages, most Mennonite groups do permit the use of cars and electricity. However, some groups do require that car bodies and trim be painted black. The Amish People Their Lifestyle. (in Lancaster County, PA) Old Order Amish women and girls wear modest dresses made from symbolic theory, solid-colored fabric with long sleeves and an Heir a full skirt (not shorter than half-way between knee and floor). These dresses are covered with a cape and apron and interaction theory example are fastened with straight pins or snaps. They never cut their hair, which they wear in a bun on the back of the literature in a head.

On their heads they wear a white prayer covering if they are married and a black one if they are single. Symbolic Interaction Theory. Amish women do not wear jewelry. Men and boys wear dark-colored suits, straight-cut coats without lapels, broadfall trousers, suspenders, solid-colored shirts, black socks and shoes, and black or straw broad-brimmed hats. Their shirts fasten with conventional buttons, but their suit coats and definition vests fasten with hooks and eyes. They do not have mustaches, but they grow beards after they marry. Why don't the Amish use electricity?

Amish people interpret linking with electrical wires as a connection with the world - and the Bible tells them they are not to be conformed to the world. (Romans 12:2) In 1919 the Amish leaders agreed that connecting to power lines would not be in the best interest of the Amish community. They did not make this decision because they thought electricity was evil in itself, but because easy access to it could lead to many temptations and the deterioration of church and family life. Most of us today would think it impossible to live without the modern conveniences such as electricity and symbolic example cars. Short Essay. What makes the Old Order Amish unique is not that they get along without modernity, but that they choose to do without it when it would be readily available. Theory Example. The Amish value simplicity and self-denial over comfort, convenience and leisure. Their lifestyle is a deliberate way of in a research separating from the world and maintaining self-sufficiency. Symbolic. (Amish are less threatened by power shortages caused by storm, disaster, or war.) As a result there is a bonding that unites the Amish community and protects it from outside influences such as television, radios, and other influences. Why do Amish men have beards, but not mustaches? There are quite a few scripture that mention beards in the Bible. An example would be Psalm 133:1,2.

An Amishman does not shave his beard after he becomes married; a long beard is the mark of an adult Amishman. Mustaches, on the other hand, have a long history of country themes being associated with the military, and therefore are forbidden among the Amish people. Self-employed Amish do not pay Social Security tax. Those employed by example non-Amish employers do pay Social Security tax. The Amish do pay real estate, state and federal income taxes, county taxes, sales tax, etc. The Amish do not collect Social Security benefits, nor would they collect unemployment or welfare funds. Self sufficiency is the Amish community's answer to government aid programs. Section 310 of the in another themes Medicare section of the Social Security act has a sub-section that permits individuals to apply for exemption from the self-employment tax if he is a member of a religious body that is conscientiously opposed to social security benefits but that makes reasonable provision of taking care of their own elderly or dependent members. The Amish have a long history of taking care of their own members. They do not have retirement communities or nursing homes; in most cases, each family takes care of their own, and symbolic theory example the Amish community gives assistance as needed. What crops are grown on an Amish farm?

Main crops raised by Amish in Lancaster County, in order of acreage, are corn, hay, wheat, tobacco, soybeans, barley, potatoes, and other vegetables. Pages Does The Hobbit. Farmers also grow various grasses for example, grazing. Corn, grain, and hay crops usually stay on the farm for literature in a research paper, feeding livestock. Tobacco, potatoes, some grain and hay plus vegetables are raised for marketing. Farming is done with horsedrawn equipment with metal wheels (no rubber tires). What do the Amish think of tourists visiting their area? Amish people want nothing more than to interaction theory example, simply be left alone. However, for the most part they have accepted the influx of tourism as something they cannot change. So far as their lifestyle, tourists have not changed the Amish.

It is The Consequences of Choosing an Heir Essay, true that some have moved away, partly because of tourism, but also because of the high cost of land in Lancaster County. Others have opened small shops and are now realizing profits from the tourists. Throughout the United States and in Canada not all buggies are black. The similarity of Amish carriages in example, any given area allows little for status, but speaks of all being equal. How Many Pages Does. Therefore, members of a particular group can be identified by symbolic interaction theory example the buggies they drive. In Mifflin County, Pennsylvania, for example, there are five distinct groups of themes Old Order Amish living in symbolic interaction example, the Kishacoquillas Valley. The two most conservative groups drive white-topped buggies, another has yellow tops, and in another two others use black buggies. Here in Lancaster County, the Old Order Amish drive gray buggies and the Old Order Mennonites drive black buggies. A barn-raising is indeed a community endeavor for the Amish.

At daybreak, the Amish buggies arrive at symbolic interaction example, the farm where the dufresne crawled barn is to symbolic interaction example, be erected. An experienced Amish carpenter/contractor is in charge and men are assigned to various areas of work. Paper. Often the framing is completed before the noon meal and in the afternoon the roofing is theory, installed. Meanwhile the women are preparing a delicious noon meal, sometimes served outdoors. There is always prayer before a meal is served. The children play games and are available to run errands. Definition For Central Processing. But they also have a most exciting day as spectators at a truly amazing project of brotherly love---building a barn in one day. In their homes and in conversations with each other, the Old Order Amish speak Pennsylvania Dutch, which is a dialect of German. We understand that it is similar to symbolic theory example, Platt that is spoken in parts of northern Germany. When children go to school they learn English.

In their worship services the sermons are given in German. The German language, Deitch, is also taught in Amish schools. Chopin Short Stories. Here in Lancaster County, the symbolic theory example Amish men wear broad-brimmed hats of black felt. The width of the brim and hat band and the height and pages does the hobbit shape of the crown are variables which gauge the orthodoxy of the group and individual wearer. A wide brim, low crown, and narrow hat band denotes the oldest and most traditional style. Within church groups, one's age and symbolic interaction status is often reflected by the dimensions of literature review in a research one's hat. For warm weather, straw hats are preferred by plain men. Yes, Amish families do play games and read together in the evenings. Parents are involved in their children's activities. However, there are not long evenings in an Amish family. When the children get home from school, there are chores that must be done.

At an early age, children have responsibilities assigned to them. After the evening meal, the school homework must be tackled, and before long it is bedtime. Symbolic Theory. Amish are early risers and therefore go to bed early. Do the Amish still milk their cows by hand? Very few Amish, if any, do their milking by hand. Today they have modern milking equipment -- not electric, but operated by alternate sources of power. In order to The Consequences, ship milk, the Amish must have modern refrigerated milk tanks. Interaction Theory Example. They also have modern barn-cleaning equipment. Children get involved in daily chores at how many does the hobbit have, a very early age -- even before they start school.

However, the chores are suited to the age of the child. What holidays do you ceIebrate and theory why? Holidays observed by the Amish are the religious holidays: Thanksgiving, Christmas, Good Friday, Easter, Ascension Day, Pentecost, and dufresne Whit Monday (the day after pentecost). The reasons for these observances are to fast and theory meditate on scriptures related to these days. We should also mention that December 25 is a solemn celebration of Christ's birth and second Christmas on December 26 is a time for visiting and family dinners. Do the in a research paper Amish use modern medicine and doctors? Most Amish and Mennonite groups to not oppose modern medicine. Their readiness to seek health services varies from family to family.

Nothing in the Amish understanding of the theory example Bible forbids them from andy, using modern medical services, including surgery, hospitalization, dental work, anesthesia, blood transfusions, etc. They do believe, however, that good health, both physical and mental, is a gift from God and requires careful stewardship on the part of the interaction example individual. With few exceptions, physicians rate the Amish as desirable patients: they are stable, appreciative, and their bills will be paid. They do not have hospitalization insurance, but they band together to help pay medical expenses for anyone of The Consequences of Choosing their group who needs financial assistance. A designated leader in the Amish community is given responsibility for their mutual aid fund. Symbolic Interaction Theory Example. Do Amish women still use midwives for country themes, childbirth? Some Amish women go to English doctors and have their babies in interaction theory, local hospitals; others go to birthing centers; and some choose to how many pages does have, have midwives who will deliver the babies at home. It is symbolic theory example, a matter of preference. In A. We do not have statistics as to how many midwives are in Lancaster County. According to symbolic interaction example, John A. Hostetler, author of Amish Society, the most common family names among the Amish in Lancaster county are: Stoltzfus, King, Fisher, Beiler, and review Lapp.

The most common first names for example, males are: John, Amos, Samuel, Daniel, and David. The most common first names for crawled, females are: Mary, Rebecca, Sarah, Katie, and Annie. What are the differences between Amish and Mennonite groups? It is impossible to answer this question with a few simple sentences. There are so many varieties of Mennonites and Amish around the interaction world that we cannot cover the many shades of belief and practice among them. It is true that most Mennonite and Amish groups have common historical roots. Both were part of the early Anabaptist movement in Europe, which took place at the time of the Reformation.

A group led by Jacob Amman broke from the Kate Chopin Mennonites in 1693 and became known as Amish. Amish and Mennonites are Christian fellowships; they stress that belief must result in practice. The differences among the various Amish and symbolic interaction theory Mennonite groups through the years have almost always been ones of practice rather than basic Christian doctrine. Here in Lancaster County, funeral and burial usually takes place three days after death. A funeral director from the local area assists in a minimal way, which usually includes embalming, and sometimes includes supplying the coffin and country the hearse.

In death, as in life the simplicity is interaction theory, evident. A plain wooden coffin is built. Often it is six-sided with a split lie - the upper part is hinged so it can be opened for viewing the body. Dufresne Crawled. It is very simple - no ornate carving or fine fabrics. Traditionally a woman will wear the white apron she wore on her wedding day. In some Amish communities both men and women wear white for example, burial. The Consequences. The tone of the two-hour Amish funeral service is symbolic theory example, hopeful, yet full of how many does the hobbit have admonition for the living. Symbolic. There are no eulogies.

Respect for the deceased is expressed, but not praise. A hymn is spoken but not sung. There are no flowers. The grave is hand dug in an Amish church district cemetery. There will be only a simple tombstone to mark the spot, much like all the other tombstones in the cemetery - in death as in life, we are all equal and do not elevate one person above another. Is it true that dolls for girls have no faces? Our understanding is that years ago, most of the dolls for little girls were rag dolls without faces. The Amish have retained this custom. We believe the how many does the hobbit reason is similar to the refusal to have pictures of people and is linked to the second commandment. (Exodus 20:4-6) At an early age children are learning not to have images, likenesses, idols. I have heard the Amish will place a small mistake or imperfection in a quilt or other handmade item.

Why is this done? We've heard that many years ago sometimes a scrap of fabric that didn't quite match was used inconspicuously in a patchwork quilt to give it identity. We question whether this is true. We don't know of any quilters who would do that today. Amish quilts are all band quilted; stitches are very small and uniform. But, no matter how hard one tries, the stitches are not all identical and perfect.

A quilt may have an imperfection, but it wasn't on interaction theory example purpose. Do the Amish play any form of musical instrument? No. Musical instruments are forbidden by in another country the Old 0lder Amish community. Playing an instrument would be worldly. It is contrary to the spirit of symbolic interaction Glassenheit (humility), and would stir up the emotions of those who are involved.

I know that the Amish don't own automobiles, but in country themes, our area it is common to see them riding in other peoples' vehicles. Some even have made a business of offering rides, for a fee, to them. If the symbolic interaction Amish don't believe in owning automobiles, it seems strange that they would ride in them. In Another Themes. Seems inconsistent to me. Why is this? Maintaining Amish standards, but accepting some modernization to meet needs of living, requires compromise that must not disrupt the social structure.

By rejecting certain types of symbolic interaction theory modernity and accepting others, some Amish appear to the outside world to be contradicting themselves - hypocrites. However, from the viewpoint of Amish culture, there is no contradiction. How Many Pages Does The Hobbit Have. One of the more pronounced inconsistencies is the use of an automobile. although he may not own a car, a member may accept rides and willingly hires an symbolic example, automobile with a driver to transport him from place to place. There was little hesitation when the Amish decided no to for central processing, car ownership. It would separate the community in various ways. Symbolic. If only wealthy members could afford it, the car would bring inequality. Proud individuals would use it to The Consequences of Choosing Essay, show off their status, power and wealth.

Cars would speed things up dramatically, disrupting the slow pace of Amish living. So, they will use them but not own them, for then things will surely get out of control. Do the theory example amish believe in gas power? Yes, the Amish use gas. Bottled gas is used to operate water heaters, modern stoves and refrigerators. Gas-pressured lanterns and lamps are used to light homes, barns and.shops. Is it true the Amish are exempt from how many pages have, Medicare and Medicaid withholding?

What legal basis is used for this? Medicare and symbolic interaction theory example Medicaid are a part of the Social Security system. Old Order Amish believe that if the church is faithful to The Consequences of Choosing an Heir, its calling, many government programs and commercial insurance are not needed. That conviction forced them to testify before Congress because they did not want to receive Social Security benefits. Symbolic Interaction Theory. What they wanted instead was the right to look after their own elderly. The Consequences Of Choosing Essay. They were finally given approval, if self-employed, to symbolic theory, be exempt from paying the tax. Seldom do Old Order Amish individuals accept Social Security, Medicare, or Medicaid.

Why do Old Order Amish not like having their pictures taken? Old Order Amish and definition for central processing unit Mennonites forbid photography of their people, and their objection is symbolic interaction example, based on of Choosing an Heir the second commandment, Exodus 20:4: Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. Interaction Example. Do the Amish look upon definition for central processing unit the rest of society, those who are not of an Anabaptist tradition, as heathen? The Amish have deliberately made decisions as to what will or will not be allowed among members of the Amish community. The Amish do not pass judgment on outsiders. I understand your belief in nonresistance and pacifism. Symbolic Theory. Does this principal extend to personal situations where you are confronted with imminent evil - say a known murderer confronting you and your family in your home?

Can you use force to preserve your life in this situation? To what extent? What is the literature in a research paper Biblical basis for symbolic interaction example, your position? Both Amish and Mennonites are committed to a lifestyle of literature review paper peace and non-violence. Yes, this pervades every aspect of life. However, no one can predict with certainty how anyone would really react to an absolutely unprecedented crisis such as described above. Emotions as well as thoughts are involved and theory the situation is personalized. Having said this, we would hope that as people who have practiced a lifestyle of peace, we would not resort to force and violence in a crisis situation such as the one described. We must briefly make several points: 1. There is no assurance that use of of Choosing an Heir Essay force would save my life or the life of my family if confronted by an attacker.

2. We could recall many accounts of symbolic interaction example unhoped for deliverances, whether by for central processing unit mediation, nature, or divine Providence, when Christians refused to use force when confronted by an attacker. 3. Symbolic Interaction Theory Example. If the result is death at the hands of the attacker, so be it; death is not threatening to us as Christians. Hopefully the attacker will have at least had a glimpse of the love of Christ in our nonviolent response. 4. The Christian does not choose a nonviolent approach to conflict because of assurance it will always work; rather the Christian chooses this approach because of his/her commitment to Jesus Christ as Lord. The analogy to war in the situation described above tends to break down when we think of the vast preparations for war -- accumulation of weapons, training of the Kate Chopin Stories military, etc. Symbolic Theory. War is of Choosing an Heir Essay, planned and seldom is aggression so clearly defined with the defense staying on interaction theory its home turf.

Some of the Biblical references for peace and Kate Chopin Short Essay non-resistance are: Matthew 5:38-48; John 18:36; Romans 12:18-21; and I Corinthians 6:18. For the many Old Order Amish and Old Order Mennonite children living in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, the ringing school bell signals a time to interaction example, shift attention from field work to school work, a time to drop the plow and pick up a pencil. Old Order children attend one-room schools through the eighth grade and are usually taught by Kate Chopin Short Stories a young, unmarried woman. As a result of the County's growing Old Order population, enrollment in their one-room schools is surging. During recent years Old Order leaders have been over-seeing the construction of symbolic example new one-room school buildings at the rate of about five per year. A 1972 Supreme Court ruling exempted the Old Order sects from Short Essay, compulsory attendance laws beyond the eighth grade. The one-room schools restrict worldly influences and stress the basics such as reading, writing and arithmetic. Interaction Theory. The importance of the community and cooperation among its members are also emphasized.

The following is a description of a typical day in an Amish school: School for in a, Old Order Amish and Mennonites is only a part of the learning necessary for symbolic theory example, preparation for the adult world. Children have formal schooling in one-room schools to 8th grade and then have a structured learning program supervised by their parents. Classes in the one-room Amish schools are conducted in English, and the children learn English when they go to school. The teachers are Amish and they have no more than an eighth grade education themselves. When the landmark United States Supreme Court decision of 1972 gave exemption for Amish and related groups from state compulsory attendance laws beyond the eighth grade, Chief Justice Burger wrote: it is neither fair nor correct to suggest that the Amish are opposed to education beyond the eighth grade level. What this record shows is that they are opposed to processing unit, conventional formal education of the type provided by theory example a certified high school because it comes at the child's crucial adolescent period of religious development. Mennonites, on the other hand, have dozens of parochial elementary schools, more than 20 high schools, eleven colleges, and three seminaries sponsored by Mennonite groups in North America.

Mennonite families choose whether to send their children to public or church-sponsored schools. Higher education became a vocational necessity as Mennonites left the Kate Short Essay farm. Missions and service opportunities also gave rise to the need for symbolic example, higher education.

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If at any time during Your use of the OracleStars Services, You made a misrepresentation of fact to symbolic interaction example, OracleStars or otherwise misled OracleStars in regards to review research, the nature of Your business activities, OracleStars will have grounds to terminate Your use of the OracleStars Services. Use of the symbolic interaction theory OracleStars Resume Database by Employers. You shall use the OracleStars Resume Database as provided in Kate Chopin, these Terms and in any contract You have with OracleStars. You shall use the OracleStars Resume Database in accordance with all applicable privacy and data protection laws, and You agree You shall not further disclose any of the data from OracleStars Resume Database to any third party, unless You are an theory example, authorized recruitment agency, staffing agency, advertising or other agency or using the resume explicitly for The Consequences of Choosing, employment purposes.

You shall take appropriate physical, technical, and administrative measures to symbolic theory, protect the The Consequences of Choosing Essay data You have obtained from symbolic theory, OracleStars Resume Database from loss, misuse, unauthorized access, disclosure, alteration or destruction. Review In A. You shall not share Resume Database seat-based license login credentials with any other party, nor share Resume Database pay-per-view license login credentials with any party. The OracleStars Resume Database shall not be used: (a) for any purpose other than as an employer seeking employees or consultants, including but not limited to advertising promotions, products, or services to any resume holders; b) to interaction theory example, make unsolicited phone calls or faxes or send unsolicited mail, email, or newsletters to Chopin Stories, resume holders or to contact any individual unless they have agreed to be contacted (where consent is symbolic interaction example, required or, if express consent is not required, who has not informed you that they do not want to be contacted); or. (c) to source candidates or to contact job seekers or resume holders in The Consequences of Choosing an Heir, regards to career fairs and business opportunities prohibited by Section 3. (d) Contact prospective OracleStars candidates for employment or contract work without first signing the symbolic theory OracleStars Master Services Agreement and an Heir, accompanying Work Order (WO or Statement of Work). In order to ensure a safe and effective experience for all of our customers, OracleStars reserves the right to limit the amount of data (including resume views) that may be accessed by You in any given time period. These limits may be amended in OracleStarss sole discretion from time to time.

4. Additional terms applicable to Job Seekers. When You register with any OracleStars Site, You will be asked to create an account and provide OracleStars with certain information including, without limitation, a valid email address (Your Information). Any Profile You submit must be accurate and describe You, an individual person. Example. The Profile requires standard fields to Chopin Short Stories, be completed and you may not include in theory, these fields any telephone numbers, street addresses, email addresses or other means of contacting You, other than Your last name and URLs. You acknowledge and does, agree that You are solely responsible for the form, content and accuracy of symbolic, any resume or material contained therein placed by review in a research paper, You on the OracleStars Sites. OracleStars reserves the right to offer third party services and products to You based on the preferences that You identify in symbolic theory, Your registration and at country themes, any time thereafter or you have agreed to receive, such offers may be made by OracleStars or by third parties. Please see OracleStarss Privacy Policy, for symbolic interaction theory example, further details regarding Your Information. You understand and acknowledge that You have no ownership rights in pages the hobbit, Your account and that if You cancel Your OracleStars account or Your OracleStars account is symbolic theory example, terminated, all Your account information from OracleStars, including resumes, Profiles, cover letters, saved jobs, questionnaires will be marked as deleted in and may be deleted from OracleStars s databases and will be removed from any public area of the OracleStars Sites. Information may continue to be available for some period of time because of delays in propagating such deletion through OracleStarss web servers.

In addition, third parties may retain saved copies of Your Information. OracleStars reserves the definition right to delete Your account and all of Your Information after a significant duration of inactivity. You understand that all information, data, text, software, music, sound, photographs, graphics, video, advertisements, messages or other materials submitted, posted or displayed by You on or through a OracleStars Site (User Content) is the sole responsibility of the person from which such User Content originated. OracleStars claims no ownership or control over any User Content. You or a third party licensor, as appropriate, retain all patent, trademark and copyright to any User Content you submit, post or display on or through OracleStars and you are responsible for protecting those rights, as appropriate. By submitting, posting or displaying User Content on example or through OracleStars, you grant OracleStars a worldwide, non-exclusive, royalty-free, transferable, sub-licensable license to unit, use, reproduce, adapt, distribute and publish such User Content through OracleStars.

In addition, by submitting, posting or displaying User Content which is intended to be available to the general public, you grant OracleStars a worldwide, non-exclusive, royalty-free license to example, reproduce, adapt, distribute and publish such User Content for the purpose of promoting OracleStars and its services. OracleStars will discontinue this licensed use within a commercially reasonable period after such User Content is removed from country, OracleStars. Symbolic Interaction Theory Example. OracleStars reserves the andy right to refuse to accept, post, display or transmit any User Content in theory, its sole discretion. You also represent and warrant that You have the right to grant, or that the dufresne crawled holder of any rights, including moral rights in such content has completely and effectively waived all such rights and symbolic interaction theory example, validly and irrevocably granted to dufresne, You the right to grant, the license stated above. If You post User Content in symbolic interaction example, any public area of any OracleStars Site, You also permit any User to for central unit, access, display, view, store and reproduce such User Content for personal use.

Subject to the foregoing, the symbolic owner of such User Content placed on any OracleStars Site retains any and all rights that may exist in such User Content. Definition Processing Unit. OracleStars may review and interaction example, remove any User Content that, in for central processing unit, its sole judgment, violates these Terms, violates applicable laws, rules or regulations, is abusive, disruptive, offensive or illegal, or violates the rights of, or harms or threatens the safety of, Users of any OracleStars Site. Theory Example. OracleStars reserves the right to expel Users and prevent their further access to the OracleStars Sites and/or use of OracleStars Services for violating the andy Terms or applicable laws, rules or regulations. OracleStars may take any action with respect to User Content that it deems necessary or appropriate in its sole discretion if it believes that such User Content could create liability for symbolic, OracleStars, damage OracleStarss brand or public image, or cause OracleStars to have, lose Users or (in whole or in part) the services of its ISPs or other suppliers. OracleStars does not represent or guarantee the truthfulness, accuracy, or reliability of User Content, derivative works from User Content, or any other communications posted by Users nor does OracleStars endorse any opinions expressed by Users. You acknowledge that any reliance on symbolic theory example material posted by other Users will be at Your own risk.

The following is a partial list of review in a research, User Content that is symbolic interaction, prohibited on the Application. The list below is for illustration only and is not a complete list of all prohibited User Content. is implicitly or explicitly offensive, such as User Content that engages in, endorses or promotes racism, bigotry, discrimination, hatred or physical harm of any kind against any group or individual; harasses, incites harassment or advocates harassment of any group or individual; involves the transmission of junk mail, chain letters, or unsolicited mass mailing, spamming or phishing; promotes or endorses false or misleading information or illegal activities or conduct that is abusive, threatening, obscene, defamatory or libelous; promotes or endorses an illegal or unauthorized copy of The Consequences of Choosing an Heir, another person's copyrighted work, such as providing or making available pirated computer programs or links to them, providing or making available information to circumvent manufacture-installed copy-protect devices, or providing or making available pirated music or other media or links to symbolic interaction theory, pirated music or other media files; contains restricted or password only access pages, or hidden pages or images; displays or links to pornographic, indecent or sexually explicit material of any kind; provides or links to material that exploits people under the age of 18 in a sexual, violent or other manner, or solicits personal information from anyone under 18; or provides instructional information about illegal activities or other activities prohibited by these Terms, including without limitation, making or buying illegal weapons, violating someone's privacy, providing or creating computer viruses or pirating any media; and processing unit, solicits passwords or personal identifying information from other Users. Your Name, Email Address, Phone Number, Postal Mailing Address, or any Hyperlinks in the Resume section. Any Profile You submit must describe You, an individual person. Theory Example. Examples of for central processing, inappropriate and prohibited Profiles include, but are not limited to, Profiles that purport to represent an animal, place, inanimate object, fictional character, or real individual that is not You. You may not include, in example, any User Content submitted to OracleStars Networking, information that may be interpreted as a direct solicitation, advertisement or recruitment for Chopin, an available job position directed to individuals seeking employment on either a full time or part time basis. In order to theory, protect our OracleStars Community Users from commercial advertising or solicitation, OracleStars reserves the right to restrict the number of research, e-mails or other messages which a User may send to other Users to a number which OracleStars deems appropriate in its sole discretion.

Profiles derived from User Content may also be made available through the theory OracleStars Sites. OracleStars does not make any representations regarding the accuracy or validity of such derived works or their appropriateness for evaluation by andy crawled, employers. Derived Profiles may differ significantly from symbolic theory, User Content. We appreciate hearing from our Users and welcome Your comments regarding our services and andy dufresne, the OracleStars Sites. Please be advised, however, that our policy does not permit us to accept or consider creative ideas, suggestions, inventions or materials other than those which we have specifically requested. While we do value Your feedback on symbolic theory our services, please be specific in Kate Short, Your comments regarding our services and do not submit creative ideas, inventions, suggestions, or materials. If, despite our request, You send us creative suggestions, ideas, drawings, concepts, inventions, or other information (collectively the theory example Submission), the Short Stories Submission shall be the property of OracleStars. None of the Submission shall be subject to interaction theory, any obligation of confidentiality on our part and we shall not be liable for any use or disclosure of any Submission. OracleStars shall own exclusively all now known or later discovered rights to literature paper, the Submission and shall be entitled to unrestricted use of the Submission for any purpose whatsoever, commercial or otherwise, without compensation to You or any other person. 6. Theory Example. Identification Of Agent To Receive Notification And Elements Of Notification Of Claimed Copyright or Trademark Infringement.

OracleStars Site and is accessible on such OracleStars Site in a way that constitutes copyright or trademark infringement, please contact OracleStars by Kate Chopin Stories, email at or by regular mail at: Attn: Legal Department. Denver, CO 80104. 7. Policy Regarding Termination Of Users Who Infringe The Copyright Or Other Intellectual Property Rights Of Others. OracleStars respects the intellectual property of others, and we ask our Users and content partners to interaction theory, do the same. The unauthorized posting, reproduction, copying, distribution, modification, public display or public performance of copyrighted works constitutes infringement of the copyright owners rights. As a condition to Your use of the OracleStars Sites, You agree not to use any OracleStars Site to infringe the intellectual property rights of others in any way.

OracleStars reserves the right to review in a, terminate the accounts of interaction, any Users, and block access to the OracleStars Sites of any Users who are repeat infringers of the copyrights, or other intellectual property rights, of others. Kate Short Stories. OracleStars reserves the right, in symbolic theory, its sole discretion, to take these actions to limit access to the Site and/or terminate the accounts of any time, in andy dufresne, our sole discretion Users who infringe any intellectual property rights of others, whether or not there is symbolic, any repeat infringement, with or without notice, and without any liability to the User who is terminated or to the User whose access is for central processing, blocked. Notwithstanding the symbolic theory example foregoing, in the event that You believe in good faith that a notice of copyright infringement has been wrongly filed against of Choosing an Heir Essay, You, please contact OracleStars as set forth in Section 6 above. The OracleStars Sites act as, among other things, venues for (i) employers to symbolic theory example, post job opportunities and search for an Heir Essay, and evaluate job candidates and symbolic, (ii) candidates to themes, post resumes and Profiles and search for and evaluate job opportunities. Symbolic Theory Example. OracleStars does not screen or censor the in a research paper listings, including Profiles offered. OracleStars is not involved in, and does not control, the actual transaction between employers and candidates.

As a result, OracleStars is symbolic theory example, not responsible for definition for central processing, User Content, the quality, safety or legality of the symbolic jobs or resumes posted, the for central truth or accuracy of the listings, the ability of employers to offer job opportunities to candidates or the ability of candidates to fill job openings and OracleStars makes no representations about any jobs, resumes or User Content on theory the OracleStars Sites. Kate. While OracleStars reserves the right in its sole discretion to remove User Content, job postings, resumes or other material from the OracleStars Sites from symbolic, time to time, OracleStars does not assume any obligation to do so and to the extent permitted by law, disclaims any liability for The Consequences, failing to take any such action. OracleStars Networking provides a venue for individuals to network for professional and interaction theory example, personal purposes and OracleStars does not screen or censor the Profiles or User Content on the OracleStars Sites. Does. OracleStars is symbolic interaction theory example, not involved in the actual communications between Users. As a result, OracleStars has no control over the accuracy, reliability, completeness, or timeliness of the Profiles or User Content submitted on the OracleStars Sites and makes no representations about definition for central unit any Profile or User Content on the OracleStars Sites. Note that there are risks, including but not limited to symbolic theory, the risk of physical harm, of definition for central, dealing with strangers, underage persons or people acting under false pretenses. Interaction. You assume all risks associated with dealing with other users with whom You come in contact through the OracleStars Sites.

By its very nature other peoples information may be offensive, harmful or inaccurate, and in some cases will be mislabeled or deceptively labeled. In A Research Paper. We expect that You will use caution and common sense when using the OracleStars Sites. Because User authentication on the Internet is symbolic theory, difficult, OracleStars cannot and does not confirm that each User is in another, who they claim to be. Because we do not and cannot be involved in User-to-User dealings or control the behavior of symbolic, participants on any OracleStars Site, in the event that You have a dispute with one or more Users, You release OracleStars (and our agents and employees) from claims, demands and damages (actual and Essay, consequential and direct and indirect) of every kind and nature, known and unknown, suspected and unsuspected, disclosed and undisclosed, arising out of or in any way connected with such disputes to the fullest extent permitted by theory example, law. The OracleStars Sites and the OracleStars Content may contain inaccuracies or typographical errors. OracleStars makes no representations about the accuracy, reliability, completeness, or timeliness of for central processing unit, any OracleStars Site or the OracleStars Content. The use of symbolic theory, all OracleStars Sites and the OracleStars Content is at Your own risk. Changes are periodically made to themes, OracleStars Sites and may be made at any time. OracleStars cannot guarantee and does not promise any specific results from use of symbolic interaction example, any OracleStars Site. No advice or information, whether oral or written, obtained by Chopin Essay, a User from OracleStars or through or from any OracleStars Site shall create any warranty not expressly stated herein. If You are a California resident, You waive California Civil Code Section 1542, which says: A general release does not extend to claims which the creditor does not know or suspect to symbolic interaction theory, exist in his or her favor at the time of executing the release, which if known by him or her must have materially affected his or her settlement with the of Choosing an Heir Essay debtor.

OracleStars encourages You to keep a back-up copy of symbolic interaction, any of for central processing, Your User Content. To the extent permitted by law, in interaction, no event shall OracleStars be liable for the deletion, loss, or unauthorized modification of any User Content. OracleStars does not provide or make any representation as to Chopin Essay, the quality or nature of any of the third party products or services purchased through any OracleStars Site, or any other representation, warranty or guaranty. Any such undertaking, representation, warranty or guaranty would be furnished solely by symbolic theory, the provider of such third party products or services, under the terms agreed to by the provider. If You believe that something on the Site violates these Terms please contact our designated agent set forth in Section 6 above.


The OracleStars Sites contain links to third party Web sites. These links are provided solely as a convenience to You and not as an endorsement by OracleStars of the contents on The Consequences Essay such third-party Web sites. Symbolic Example. OracleStars is not responsible for the content of linked third-party sites and does not make any representations regarding the content or accuracy of materials on such third party Web sites. If You decide to access linked third-party Web sites, You do so at Your own risk. 13. Does The Hobbit Have. No Resale or Unauthorized Commercial Use.

You agree not to resell or assign Your rights or obligations under these Terms. You also agree not to make any unauthorized commercial use of any OracleStars Site. You agree to defend, indemnify, and hold harmless OracleStars, its affiliates, and their respective officers, directors, employees and interaction, agents, from and against any claims, actions or demands, including without limitation reasonable legal and for central processing unit, accounting fees, alleging or resulting from (i) any User Content or other material You provide to any OracleStars Site, (ii) Your use of symbolic example, any OracleStars Content, or (iii) Your breach of these Terms. OracleStars shall provide notice to You promptly of The Consequences an Heir Essay, any such claim, suit, or proceeding. OracleStars makes no claims or representations that the OracleStars Content may be lawfully viewed or accessed outside of the symbolic interaction theory United States. Access to of Choosing Essay, the OracleStars Content may not be legal by certain persons or in certain countries.

If You access any OracleStars Site You do so at Your own risk and interaction example, are responsible for compliance with the laws of Your jurisdiction. Any software downloaded from dufresne crawled, any OracleStars Site is further subject to interaction theory, United States export control laws, and definition processing unit, may not be downloaded or otherwise exported or re-exported (i) into (or to a national or resident of) Cuba, Iraq, Libya, North Korea, Iran, Syria or any other country to which the U.S. has embargoed goods or (ii) to any individual or entity on the U.S. Treasury Departments list of Specially Designated Nationals or the U.S. Commerce Departments Table of Deny Orders. By downloading or using such software, You represent and warrant that You are not located in, under the symbolic interaction theory control of, or a national or resident of any such country, individual, or entity on any such list. These Terms are governed by the internal substantive laws of the definition for central unit State of Colorado, without respect to symbolic interaction theory, its conflict of laws principles. Jurisdiction for the hobbit have, any claims arising under this agreement shall lie exclusively with the symbolic interaction theory state or federal courts within Denver, Colorado. If any provision of these Terms are found to The Consequences of Choosing an Heir, be invalid by any court having competent jurisdiction, the invalidity of interaction example, such provision shall not affect the validity of the remaining provisions of andy, these Terms, which shall remain in symbolic interaction theory, full force and effect. No waiver of any term of these Terms shall be deemed a further or continuing waiver of such term or any other term. In addition, OracleStarss failure to enforce any term of these Terms shall not be deemed as a waiver of such term or otherwise affect OracleStarss ability to enforce such term at any point in the future. Except as expressly provided in an additional agreement, additional Terms for certain areas of the OracleStars Sites, a particular Legal Notice, or software license or material on particular pages on the OracleStars Sites, these Terms constitute the entire agreement between You and OracleStars with respect to the use of the OracleStars Sites.

No changes to these Terms shall be made except by a revised posting on this page. Oracle Stars and is literature review in a paper, not affiliated with Oracle Corporation (Oracle, Inc) or the site Certain areas of the OracleStars Sites are subject to interaction, additional Terms. By using such areas, or any part thereof, You agree to definition for central processing, be bound by the additional Terms applicable to such areas. By using any areas of this website or the other OracleStars Sites that contain Google Maps, you agree to symbolic theory example, be bound by the Google Maps Terms of Use available at and the legal notices available at as they may be updated from time to time. If You use the dufresne OracleStars Sites through a mobile device, You agree that information about Your use of the OracleStars Sites through Your mobile device and carrier may be communicated to us, including but not limited to Your mobile carrier, Your mobile device, or Your physical location. In addition, use of the OracleStars Sites through a mobile device may cause data to be displayed on and through Your mobile device. By accessing the OracleStars Sites using a mobile device, You represent that to the extent You import any of Your OracleStars data to Your mobile device that You have authority to share the interaction transferred data with Your mobile carrier or other access provider. Literature Review Research Paper. In the event You change or deactivate Your mobile account, You must promptly update Your OracleStars account information to symbolic interaction theory example, ensure that Your messages are not sent to the person that acquires Your old number and failure to do so is Your responsibility.

You acknowledge You are responsible for all charges and necessary permissions related to in another country, accessing the OracleStars Sites through Your mobile access provider. Therefore, You should check with Your provider to symbolic interaction example, find out how many does the hobbit, if the OracleStars Sites are available and the terms for these services for theory example, Your specific mobile devices. By using any downloadable application to enable Your use of the andy dufresne OracleStars Sites, You are explicitly confirming Your acceptance of the terms of the End User License Agreement associated with the symbolic interaction theory Application provided at the hobbit have, download or installation, or as may be updated from symbolic theory example, time to dufresne crawled, time. These Terms will remain in symbolic interaction example, full force and effect while You are a User of any OracleStars Site. OracleStars reserves the right, at its sole discretion, to pursue all of its legal remedies, including but not limited to of Choosing Essay, removal of Your User Content from the OracleStars Sites and immediate termination of Your registration with or ability to interaction example, access the OracleStars Sites and/or any other services provided to You by Kate Chopin Short, OracleStars, upon any breach by You of these Terms or if OracleStars is unable to verify or authenticate any information You submit to a OracleStars Site registration.

Even after You are no longer a User of the OracleStars Sites, certain provisions of these Terms will remain in effect, including Sections 1, 2, 5, 7 through 16, inclusive.