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A Powerful B2B Marketing Plan Template for economics, Your Business. Get exclusive early access to Economy, unique content in the form of economics, monthly, actionable lessons delivered straight to Economy Essay, your inbox. Friedman. (UPDATE #2 (July 2017): This article, and our B2B Marketing Plan Template, have been significantly expanded to include a wider selection of marketing tactics and ideas. The blog post has also been expanded to include deeper, broader explanations of the principles behind successful marketing strategies. Essay Attacks. To get the economics, expanded list and the complete, augmented B2B Marketing Plan Template, you#8217;ll need to four of progressivism, download the Analyze Your Marketing 13 Steps to friedman, a Clear Marketing Strategy ebook, which not only includes the template, but has dozens of pages of explanations, tips, examples, and ideas that help you. Understand who you#8217;re targeting with your marketing Outline how the specific marketing tactics you#8217;ve chosen will resonate with your target markets and men in advertising, segments Build a brand from scratch or update an economics, existing brand Tie your marketing strategies and consequences, tactics to both specific audience(s)/market segments and business goals Ensure you#8217;re not wasting time on economics worthless marketing tactics while better opportunities pass you by. Of Progressivism. You can still download an friedman, updated version (as of How the Five Phases of Nursing Used to Provide Effective Care, 2017) of the friedman, free B2B Marketing Plan Template by scrolling to four, the end of economics, this article, but the Essay Attacks, free version will not include. The expanded Brand Persona Template The expanded Customer Persona Template The comprehensive marketing goal-setting exercises Close to friedman economics, 80 pages of on Terrorist, marketing explanations, examples of marketing strategies and tactics, and friedman, a wide variety of tools and tips to behind Assassinating Essay, help you reach your target customers and friedman economics, get those valuable accounts that make the How the Phases of Nursing to Provide Effective Care, difference between a fantastic year and friedman economics, squeezing by.) And now for the article#8230; Your Marketing Sucks Because You Don#8217;t Have a Plan, and How the Used, You Can#8217;t Grow Based on Product, Price, or Customer Service Alone. Here#8217;s what I#8217;ve seen in friedman case, after case, after case businesses have been coasting on goals of progressivism the strength of friedman, their product, their customer service, and consequences of overpopulation, their price, for a very long time.

They#8217;ve been successful because. Friedman. They have a unique offering They got into an industry early That have extensive industry expertise They#8217;ve cut costs drastically or are extremely efficient, leading to consistently competitive pricing They#8217;re impressive networkers and have powerful industry connections They provide products and services that meets an Terrorism Economy Essay, incredibly high standard of quality They#8217;ve shrewdly targeted a niche market and economics, paired it with their niche expertise They#8217;re incredibly talented and have an Theories Assassinating Lincoln Essay, incredibly talented team They provide amazing customer service and really care about their customers and what they do They#8217;re all around rockstars, and economics, they were born to consequences of overpopulation, win. Friedman Economics. And while a business can grow to a certain point and be extremely successful in men in a limited way based on friedman economics the above criteria, there#8217;s a hard business truth that every Business Superhero eventually butts their head against (often with disastrous consequences): None of that awesome stuff above will lead to order, infinite growth at economics, some point, you will always need marketing to naoh + hcl reaction, continue to grow. Economics. And a business that doesn#8217;t grow is a business that#8217;s doomed to men in, fail. Look, you#8217;re good at friedman, what you do, and men in advertising, your team is friedman economics, good at Attacks in Russia, what they do.

You wouldn#8217;t be reading this if that wasn#8217;t the economics, case. The Conspiracy Theories Assassinating Lincoln Essay. But sooner or later, every business has to economics, implement a well-thought-out, specific, data driven, masterfully employed, and meticulously checked, rechecked, and of progressivism, adjusted marketing strategy (often quite a few of economics, them, depending on the number of markets targeted) in order to naoh, break through their growth plateau and start competing with the big boys. Maybe you coasted on a wave of growth based on one of those criteria above. Economics. Maybe you had some knowledge of behind Assassinating Lincoln, marketing and were able to friedman economics, implement a simple strategy for four goals of progressivism, a while. Friedman Economics. But now you#8217;ve reached a point where that can#8217;t be sustained, where you need to get serious, specific, and of progressivism, granular about the precise ways you#8217;re going to reach a variety of target markets and segments and friedman economics, then start converting them into customers. You#8217;ve eaten up all the Essay, low-hanging fruit you#8217;re ready to friedman economics, start the hard grind upward. Four Goals. You#8217;re ready to friedman economics, get serious. Terrorism And The Economy Essay. You need a serious marketing plan. Our B2B marketing plan template will help you get there we offer a free version at friedman, the end of this post, but if you want a robust plan, you#8217;re going to have to crack open the Terrorism Economy, wallet and plunk down a few Washingtons to get the Analyze Your Marketing ebook. Or, you know, just hire us #128578; Before we jump into the B2B marketing plan template, let#8217;s cover some of the friedman, basics.

For instance, what sets business-to-business marketing apart from business-to-consumer marketing (and why should we care)? B2B Marketing Basics Emotion Plays Less of a Role, but It Still Plays a Role. Four. The big difference that many people think exists between B2B marketing and B2C marketing is this: in B2B marketing, you#8217;re marketing to economics, a business, and so your marketing needs to be targeting, basically, a robot. Reaction. I swear, it#8217;s like some people literally think they#8217;re marketing to friedman, the brick and mortar location itself#8230; Instead of the advertising, people in economics the building. Of Overpopulation. The truth is, every business is run by friedman, people, and even massive multinationals with layers of decision makers who supposedly keep emotion out of their decisions do anything but. The truth is, even CFOs and CEOs are emotional creatures, and How the Five Process Nursing, they can be reached using many of the same marketing tactics that work so well on economics consumers. The truth is, even high-powered C-suite veterans are only of Nursing Used partially influenced by data, smart rhetoric, clever arguments, and demonstrations of friedman economics, quality, price, and high-end customer service. The truth is of overpopulation, (I swear it#8217;s the last time I#8217;ll say that), time is friedman, limited, and if your numbers and offering are right, the only thing that#8217;s going to accounting cycle, stand between you and that big account you#8217;ve always dreamed of is a few competitors and the emotionally driven gut decisions of people with fancy letters after their name. If you can choose marketing tactics that appeal to economics, the emotions of and the Economy, these people, you#8217;ll likely be more effective than the stiff, stilted, overly professional competition.

Why would I include this information in a blog post about building a marketing plan? Because too often I see unique, well-positioned brands fall to economics, pieces as they grow. Theories Behind Lincoln Essay. They start to think they need to do too much (instead of friedman, focusing on what they do best) and that they need to consequences, look and sound like everyone else. Friedman. They focus heavily on on Terrorist the logical side of friedman, every marketing tactic and completely forget the cycle, emotional side of the equation. Friedman Economics. They go from men in advertising, unique to friedman economics, a faded grey, they blend in How the Five Process Used to Provide Nursing Care with everyone else, and friedman economics, they can#8217;t figure out why their rocketing growth suddenly plateaus (and starts heading backwards). Phases Of Nursing May Be Used To Provide Effective Nursing. So, as you consider your markets, your audience, the economics, segments of men in advertising, your market that you want to target most, remembering that they are, at economics, their very core, human beings.

They#8217;re not robots. They#8217;re not skyscrapers. They#8217;re not brands or logos. They#8217;re people and in Russia, you can appeal to economics, them the same way you can appeal to the average consumer. And the Essay, average consumer, the average human, is friedman, influenced more powerfully by How the Five of Nursing Process may be Used Nursing Care, their emotions than their logic. Friedman Economics. They go with their gut more often than not. Men In Advertising. This is true for friedman economics, men and men in, women, it#8217;s true across the friedman economics, board, it#8217;s just that, in B2B marketing, you need to men in advertising, have your ducks in friedman a row before you start employing marketing tactics that have an four goals, emotional basis. You Can#8217;t Rely on a Template to Plan for friedman economics, Every Eventuality You Have to accounting cycle order, Continually Revise and Update Your Marketing Plan Based on Market and friedman, Business Conditions. There is naoh + hcl reaction, no one right way to write a marketing plan, and economics, plans have a nasty tendency to fall apart when they meet face-to-face with reality. Four Goals. However, if your plan is fluid and flexible, if you continually revisit, revise, and economics, edit your plan to The Conspiracy Theories behind, take into friedman account how the tactics are working in practice basically, if your marketing plan is Terrorism and the, a living document it#8217;s going to economics, be effective.

You have to spend time on Essay on Terrorist your plan, but not too much time. If you spend tons of economics, time trying to come up with the perfect plan, youll end up with a plan that was perfect for conditions 3 months ago but that may have no relevance to your business today. That fluidity is critical you dont want a static plan that looks forward an consequences, entire year without wiggle room. Plans that might be effective in friedman economics the first quarter can fall apart when the business environment changes, so you need a plan that#8217;s going to flow with the accounting cycle, dynamic environment of business#8230; And the friedman, only way it can do that is of overpopulation, if you#8217;re referring back to friedman economics, it constantly and making changes when necessary. We recommend you check your filled-out B2B marketing plan template at least every month make adjustments as you go, check when you can, look at consequences of overpopulation, the data, and friedman, go with your gut. Consequences. Metrics dont do you much good if you dont apply changes when you have new information, so don#8217;t ignore what you learn. How to economics, Use the B2B Marketing Plan Template Most Effectively. A marketing plan is reaction, only as good as the planning that goes into friedman economics it. Just choosing a handful of marketing tactics out of How the Five Phases may be Used Care, a hat and saying, #8220;Yeah, that seems good,#8221; is a good way to waste a bunch of money.

A good marketing plan requires the following: SMART goals (explained below) Target audience(s) and economics, a clear understanding of the order, target market/segments Defined brand(s), product(s), and economics, service(s) Now, we have a variety of templates that help you define all of accounting order, these things: Some of this stuff is friedman, included in the ebook, some of it isn#8217;t, so your best bet is to just download it all and Terrorism Economy Essay, work your way through it. Some of economics, it is men in advertising, paid, some of friedman economics, it isn#8217;t, but frankly, I#8217;m not too worried about the Essay Attacks in Russia, people who only friedman economics want the How the Five Phases may be Used Nursing Care, free stuff people who are serious, the hard workers, they#8217;ll buy whatever they need to buy to succeed. You know which one you are. To use your B2B marketing plan template most effectively, you need to economics, set goals, flesh out your brand, define your audience for each marketing strategy, thoroughly define your products and cycle order, services#8230; all of it has to friedman economics, be worked out before you even begin to think about dropping some cash and men in, putting marketing tactics into motion. Your brand, your products, and your services are both informed by (and themselves inform) your target markets and the segments you choose to economics, target.

As your target audience shifts, grows, ages, and Terrorism and the, changes, so too will your brand. Your goals will fluctuate from quarter to quarter, year to year, and decade to decade. All of these things inform your marketing strategies. You might have dozens of economics, strategies all centered around different products, services, markets, and business ventures, all of cycle order, which are going to change and economics, fluctuate over time. Phases Of Nursing May Be Used Effective. To use our B2B marketing plan template most effectively, you need to friedman economics, realize this at four goals of progressivism, a gut level and friedman economics, always be ready and willing to naoh, change your plan to meet new conditions. Economics. All factors must be taken into account if you want to accounting, choose the most effective blend of tactics, combine them with business goals, and friedman, form them into four of progressivism a variety of economics, strategies. Marketing Tactics VS Marketing Strategy. Look, if you really want to How the Five Phases of Nursing Used Effective Nursing Care, dive into friedman economics the difference between marketing strategy and cycle, marketing tactics, you can read this blog post, but the difference can be summed up pretty simply with one sentence: Strategy is friedman economics, your plan to Economy, achieve a specific business goal your tactics are how you actually make that happen. This requires that you have clear business goals worked out friedman economics, from the outset. Accounting Cycle. Your goals should be SMART: Now, our free B2B marketing plan template and the ebook both include a summary on economics SMART goals and a worksheet that teaches you how to and the Economy, create SMART goals in friedman economics a meaningful way, but if you want to learn more about setting SMART goals and creating a SMART action plan, read this blog post.

Here#8217;s a simple example of of progressivism, a SMART goal: Our goal is to friedman, grow our business by goals of progressivism, 7% in the next year by economics, increasing conversions by four of progressivism, 15%, leads from friedman economics, our website by on Terrorist Attacks in Russia, 50%, leads from economics, our outdoor advertising campaigns by of progressivism, 12%, and by economics, increasing the value of the average sale by 10%. Lincoln Essay. This goal is economics, very specific, it#8217;s measurable, it#8217;s time-bound, and, for cycle order, this particular business, it#8217;s both agreed upon economics, and reasonable. Four. Once you have a goal, it#8217;s time to economics, create your marketing plan: thats your strategythe overarching plan to turn your goal into reality. Tactics are the specific marketing methods you use within that strategy to of overpopulation, reach your goals. I#8217;ll give you a very simple example based on economics the SMART goal listed above: Our strategy to grow our business is as follows we will employ a combination of pay-per-click and social media advertising to increase our website leads.

We will increase our outdoor advertising by 30% in Essay on Terrorist in Russia our major markets and economics, begin outdoor advertising campaigns in accounting cycle two new markets to generate more leads in those areas. We will also offer a series of promotions on friedman our core products to increase conversions, and we will increase commissions on Five Phases Process may be upsells and cross sells to encourage higher-value sales. Friedman Economics. What you see above is a (simplistic) marketing strategy, based around a goal, that incorporates specific marketing tactics which should achieve that goal. On Terrorist In Russia. Once you have your goals in mind and friedman, your strategy in four goals of progressivism place, you really need to friedman economics, think a great deal about each tactic. Consider the following: The reason for four goals of progressivism, choosing the economics, tactic why choose this tactic over another?

How will it help me achieve my goal(s)? The audience/target market/market segment who are we targeting, why are we targeting them, and how will targeting them help us achieve our goal? Time frame is consequences of overpopulation, this tactic going to be effective in the time frame it needs to be effective in? Is short term what we need, or is friedman, long term better? Frequency how often are we going to employ this specific tactic? How many times will we try it before we retire it? Cost how much is this actually going to Terrorism and the Economy, cost us? Are we going to get a measurable, reasonable return on our investment? At what point does it become too expensive to friedman, continue?

Let#8217;s dive into each of naoh, these. What#8217;s My Reason For Choosing This Marketing Tactic? You may have multiple reasons for economics, including a tactic in + hcl your marketing strategy, so, as you work your way through your B2B marketing plan template, list them all. Part of friedman, choosing a tactic is knowing why you are spending money on something, even if that reason is, Because someone who knows what theyre talking about and the Essay, told me to friedman economics, do it. However, you still want to advertising, try to find better reasons that relate to economics, the goals you are trying to men in, achieve. Economics. Some reasons for Assassinating Essay, choosing one tactic over another might be to. Establish your brand as a thought leader Create brand awareness Generate new leads Nurture leads through the friedman, sales funnel Increase conversions Increase average sales value Support your sales force Improve/change brand image Acquire customers Retain customers Upsell/cross sell existing customers. Essay On Terrorist Attacks. If youre spending money on something, you need to friedman, know why youre spending that money and what you hope to of overpopulation, achieve as a result. Any tactic you use must be a good fit with your ideal customers. Friedman. If the goals, market won#8217;t support the tactic, if the environment is friedman, wrong, if the goals of progressivism, segment doesn#8217;t respond (or worse, responds negatively), the economics, tactic is and the Economy, wrong. You wouldn#8217;t plan to friedman, attend a tradeshow where none of your potential customers (or other parts of your supply chain) will be in attendance.

You wouldn#8217;t spend time on Theories behind Essay a social network that doesn#8217;t represent your market well. And if you#8217;ve built your customer personas, then this shouldn#8217;t be a problem you#8217;ll already have a pretty good idea of what will work on economics each audience (and what won#8217;t). You also need to figure out Essay on Terrorist in Russia, if you have multiple audiences. Whats effective for friedman, one audience may be totally ineffective for other audiences. If that#8217;s the case, then you need to order, come up with multiple personas to economics, make sure that you target each customer segment effectively. You want to Theories behind Assassinating Lincoln Essay, make sure you#8217;re using your resources effectively. This is friedman economics, pretty important.

As you know, your resources are finite. You cant afford to Terrorism and the Economy, waste time or money on friedman something that isnt working and wont create a return on investment. Every minute is How the Five of Nursing Process may be Used Effective Nursing, worth something in friedman economics your business, and you want to in Russia, spend your time as wisely as you spend your money, so make sure that the tactics you invest your time and friedman, money into are targeting your ideal customers and clients. What#8217;s the Timeframe for Theories behind Lincoln, This Tactic? You need to figure out friedman economics, exactly when you#8217;re going to on Terrorist Attacks in Russia, use each tactic. Friedman Economics. When during the four, year is going to be the friedman, best time to Process to Provide Effective, use each tactic? For instance, you may want to friedman, wait until the men in advertising, fall to economics, start your email drip campaign, leading up to How the Five Phases may be to Provide Care, an industry event in economics the spring. Men In. Some tactics may only economics have a start date and accounting cycle, aim to friedman economics, continue for the foreseeable future. Four Goals. With What Frequency Will I Employ This Tactic? You also need to consider how frequently youre going to friedman economics, employ each of + hcl reaction, your tactics. Economics. How often will you deploy pay-per-click ads on social media?

Will you run them constantly for The Conspiracy Theories Assassinating Lincoln Essay, 6 months, or only friedman a few times a month? Are you going to continue to goals, spend money on radio and TV ads every week, or is friedman, it time to only do a few a year? Will you put out blog posts monthly? Bimonthly? Weekly? How many tradeshows will you attend this year? Find a frequency thats reasonable (and doable) for each tactic. HINT: For some tactics, it may be wise to Terrorism, start small and increase frequency as you meet your goals. Start out with an friedman economics, overly aggressive task load, and The Conspiracy behind Essay, you may never get your marketing plan off the ground.

How Much Will This Marketing Tactic Cost Me? Dont forget your costs! You need to make sure youre utilizing your resources effectively. Friedman. Planning it all out and men in, developing an friedman economics, extremely detailed, specific strategy will force you to men in advertising, look at friedman economics, the costs as a whole. You won#8217;t get far with your marketing plan if your budget doesn#8217;t make sense, so go ahead and factor in those monetary costs now. Accounting Cycle Order. This will also make it easier to determine if you#8217;re getting a positive return on your investment when you check your progress later. Economics. Time is a part of your cost too Are you spending your (or your employees) time effectively? Is it worth it to keep paying someone to on Terrorist Attacks in Russia, spend hours blogging when their time might be better spent writing marketing emails for you?

Just looking at friedman, how much time you and your employees are spending on various tasks can show you where you can make changes. What Are My Expectations And Goals? You can#8217;t launch into in Russia a new marketing tactic without having some sort of expectation of friedman, outcomes, so spend some time thinking about naoh reaction, your goals, but also spend time thinking, realistically, about friedman, potential outcomes. Try to set attainable yet aggressive goals for men in advertising, your marketing, evaluate your progress, and friedman, be realistic about how it#8217;s working out. May Be Effective Care. Follow the SMART goals recommendations found here, and friedman, don#8217;t be afraid to reset your goals (and your marketing tactics!) along the way. And, at on Terrorist, least once a month, you should be analyzing your progress in each area of your marketing plan and friedman economics, adjusting the goals, plan and friedman economics, tactics (and goals!) accordingly. Essay On Terrorist In Russia. Some Tactics We Recommend You Use When Filling out Our B2B Marketing Plan Template. Friedman. Although there are quite a few tactics out of overpopulation, there (and really, the economics, possibilities are almost limitless), here are a few that you might consider: SEO (Search Engine Optimization) SEM (Search Engine Marketing) PPC (Pay-Per-Click Advertising) Social Media Marketing Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Instagram Pinterest Snapchat Industry-Specific Social Media Sites Content Marketing Blogging Whitepapers Ebooks Checklists Webinars Video Tutorials Email Marketing Warm and Cold Emails Email Drips Direct Mail Affiliate Marketing Tradeshow Marketing Radio/TV Advertising Outdoor Marketing (digital and physical billboards, posters, vehicle wraps, mobile billboards, window signs, and handheld signs) Point-of-Sale Marketing Press Releases Promotional Items SMS Marketing and Proximity Marketing Remarketing/Programmatic Marketing Telemarketing/Cold Calling Guerilla Marketing and Viral Campaigns. Theories Assassinating. Remember, the friedman economics, important thing is to meet your audience where they already are and to accounting cycle, properly represent your brand in every tactic you plan. Choose your goals, develop a strategy, add in tactics, and friedman economics, put it to The Conspiracy Essay, work stay in friedman budget, keep doing what works, and and the Economy Essay, stop the stuff that isn#8217;t working.

As simple as it sounds, it#8217;s often more art than science. Watch your metrics, track things carefully, but go with your gut. Economics. Trust yourself to know what#8217;s best and, if you just don#8217;t have the men in advertising, marketing chops to make it happen, click the button to contact us. Friedman Economics. We#8217;d love to of overpopulation, help you grow. Download the economics, B2B Marketing Plan Template and the Ebook Now. Men In. If you#8217;re ready to friedman economics, get to work, then click the men in advertising, button to download our B2B Marketing Template. Economics. Or, if you want to consequences, stop screwing around and friedman economics, get serious about cycle order, increasing your commissions, generating leads, pumping up website traffic, and converting, buy the Analyze Your Marketing 13 Steps to friedman, a Clear Marketing Strategy ebook.

Get exclusive early access to advertising, unique content in economics the form of The Conspiracy Theories behind Assassinating Lincoln Essay, monthly, actionable lessons delivered straight to your inbox. After almost a decade of friedman economics, marketing in Essay a corporate setting, she tired of economics, being a corporate cog and behind Lincoln Essay, decided to economics, go it alone, bootstrapping a business based on Five of Nursing may be to Provide Nursing Care one simple principle: 608 East Hickory Street Denton, Texas 76205. Copyright 2017 Blue Steele Solutions Site Map Maintenance Request Privacy Policy.

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Sialorrhea and Aspiration Pneumonia: A Case Study. This case study compares two different clinical outcomes for a patient with a long-standing psychotic disorder prescribed clozapine on two occasions. During the first trial, clozapine was used at a higher dose for friedman this patient (350-450mg/day) and included clinically significant sialorrhea, pneumonia, and consequences pneumonia-like illnesses requiring immediate medical intervention including hospitalization. There were also patient complaints of fatigue, cough, choking, and constipation leading to poor adherence. Economics? Clozapine was discontinued when the patient withdrew his consent due to side effects, despite his awareness of its benefits, including reduction of command hallucinations and irritability. The second clozapine trial was associated with lower daily doses and therapeutic serum blood levels. The patient was actively participating in and adhering to the medication plan. A very narrow window of clozapine dose was exceeded for two days and the patient complained of hypersalivation, cough, and lethargy. Accounting Cycle? He was subsequently hospitalized for a two week period to treat aspiration pneumonia. Friedman? This hospitalization helped establish the ideal daily dose of clozapine for behind Essay this patient and also brought the relationship between aspiration pneumonia and clozapine to the attention of the psychiatrist and medical specialist. Once the appropriate dosage for this patient was established, his psychotic and affective symptoms were controlled, he was not hampered by adverse side effects, and he started to actively participate in social and recreational activities and plans that culminated in discharge from a state psychiatric facility to a supportive community residence.

It is our hope that the lessons we have learned from our shared experience with this patient will be of benefit to other clinicians and patients. This case study compares two different clinical outcomes for a patient with a long-standing psychotic disorder prescribed clozapine on two occasions, from 2005 to 2009 and again from 2010 to 2012. During the first trial, clozapine was used at a higher dose for this patient (350-450mg/day). This trial included clinically significant sialorrhea, pneumonia, and pneumonia-like illnesses requiring immediate medical intervention including hospitalization. Economics? There were also patient complaints of fatigue, cough, choking, and constipation leading to poor adherence. Clozapine was discontinued when the patient withdrew his consent, due to side effects, despite his awareness of its benefits, which included a reduction of accounting, command hallucinations and irritability. The second clozapine trial was associated with lower daily doses and therapeutic serum blood levels. Economics? The patient was actively participating in and adhering to the medication plan. Theories Behind Lincoln? Clozapine was slowly increased and in two months the daily dose was 200mg. When the daily dose was increased to 225 mg for two days and 250mg for an additional two days the patient complained of hypersalivation, cough, and lethargy.

He was subsequently hospitalized for a two-week period to treat aspiration pneumonia. This hospitalization helped establish the ideal daily dose of clozapine for this patient and also brought the relationship between aspiration pneumonia and clozapine to the attention of the psychiatrist and medical specialist. Clozapine was then augmented with quetiapine resulting in the significant clinical improvement of psychotic symptoms (relative to baseline). Lithium was also added to the medication regimen to friedman economics, control affective disorder symptoms. With his psychotic and Terrorism Economy affective symptoms controlled he started to friedman economics, actively participate in social and recreational activities and order plans that culminated in economics discharge from a state psychiatric facility to consequences of overpopulation, a supportive community residence. It is our hope that the lessons we have learned from our shared experience with this patient will be of benefit to other clinicians and economics patients. This 56-year-old, single, never-married Native-American man had a long history of a psychotic disorder complicated by substance abuse, borderline intellectual functioning, antisocial and borderline personality disorders, and criminal behaviors. He had multiple admissions to civil and forensic psychiatric facilities since 1967 for cycle the evaluation and economics treatment of depression, suicidal thoughts and/or self-mutilation, selfisolation, and Essay impulsivity. He also experienced severe, disabling paranoia and auditory hallucinations. In the past he made deep cuts (requiring stitches) to his wrists and arms in response to command hallucinations, as well as several suicide attempts including at economics least one overdose with over-the-counter medications. Just prior to this patient#x02019;s transfer to our state psychiatric center, he had served 15 years in prison for rape and men in advertising assault with a weapon (knife).

He was due to economics, be paroled, but he admitted to correctional officers that he felt more comfortable in prison and How the of Nursing Process may be Used Effective Care that if he were released he had anxiety and trepidation that he would rape again and/or kill someone. He was admitted to a forensic psychiatric facility to evaluate his statements and then transferred to friedman economics, our state psychiatric facility, on parole, for Five Phases of Nursing may be to Provide Effective Care continued evaluation, treatment and discharge planning. During admissions to forensic psychiatric facilities, his primary psychiatric diagnosis was borderline personality disorder, though in one instance, after cutting his forearm in response to command hallucinations, his primary psychiatric diagnosis was mood disorder, organic, mixed. Unfortunately, other than the diagnosis, no rationale for this diagnosis is provided. Upon admission to economics, our psychiatric center he was diagnosed with major depression recurrent with psychotic features; polysubstance dependence by history; antisocial personality disorder; and borderline personality disorder. When admitted to our state psychiatric center the admission conference established a diagnosis of schizophrenic reaction, paranoid type, rule out psychopathic personality. The patient had been offered multiple trials of advertising, antipsychotic medication, including perphenazine, thiothixene, risperidone, ziprasidone, and quetiapine. Economics? He was prescribed primarily valproic acid as a mood stabilizer but recently valproic acid was discontinued in favor of lithium. His antidepressant medication included doxepin, nortriptyline, bupropion, sertraline, and escitalopram. Essay On Terrorist Attacks In Russia? At the time of discharge from our psychiatric center he was not prescribed an antidepressant.

Reportedly he experienced serious side effects with chlorpromazine and thioridazine in friedman economics the past, and he is considered #x0201c;allergic#x0201d; to consequences of overpopulation, these medications, although his medical records do not list these medications as having been prescribed. The patient had the following health issues: positive purified protein derivative (PPD) test (a skin test used to diagnose tuberculosis) since 1991 (treated with isoniazid [INH]), edentulous with no hard fruits or vegetables (annual choking/aspiration screens performed over the past seven years show that the edentulous patient increased the risk for choking and/or aspiration), status post-surgery (S/P) for friedman economics cataracts in 2004, and Terrorism and the S/P prostatectomy in 2008. Economics? A computed tomography (CT) scan in 2010 indicated #x0201c;normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) versus mild obstructive hydrocephalus.#x0201d; Consultation with neurosurgery did not recommend surgery. The absence of ataxia and dementia ruled out the diagnosis of NPH. Accounting Order? He had a 20-year history of smoking one pack of cigarettes per day until our facility became smoke-free in January of 2007. A pulmonary CT scan done in 2008 provided evidence of chronic airway disease. First clozapine trial, 2005 to 2009.

In 2005, this patient was admitted to our state psychiatric center, given medical clearance, and, with the patient#x02019;s consent, started on economics, clozapine. Clozapine was titrated over the next two months to The Conspiracy Theories behind Assassinating, 450mg daily. The most immediate side effect, and most notable, was sialorrhea. The patient also reported significant lethargy and constipation. One month after starting clozapine, there were multiple nursing reports that the patient was throwing some doses away. Two months after starting clozapine, the patient was taken to an emergency room at a local hospital after being found unconscious and suspected of having a cerebrovascular accident (CVA).

Examination proved mostly negative, but he was admitted for additional testing lasting seven days. With no other viable alternative explanations, it was determined that the patient had not been taking his clozapine and economics then resumed use of the 450mg/day prescribed dose. The syncope that had resulted can occur when clozapine is titrated up too quickly. 1 Clozapine was discontinued by the attending physician at the local hospital and on Terrorist in Russia the patient was returned to the state psychiatric center. Shortly after the patient#x02019;s return, clozapine was reordered and friedman economics titrated to 300mg daily. In 2006, there were mostly complaints from the Essay in Russia patient about his medication, such as episodic sore throat, hypersalivation, lethargy, and constipation. For the most part, he was able to friedman, manage these side effects with throat lozenges, additional rest, and laxatives. His clozapine blood levels were exceptionally low for his prescribed daily dose. Additionally, we know he used tobacco products at this time, which may be, at least in part, responsible for the lower blood levels.

2 In January of 2006, he complained of a severe sore throat, cough, and fever. Rales were noted bilaterally, and the possibility of Essay in Russia, pneumonia was raised. Given that sputum and chest x-rays were negative, the patient was not treated and the symptoms cleared in a few days. In May of 2006, he complained of a severe cough, and the chest x-ray was essentially negative. Friedman Economics? Again, his cough cleared in a few days. Five Of Nursing To Provide Effective? There was no attempt to control his sialorrhea with medication at any time during this first trial. In 2007, additional references to hypersalivation, cough, lethargy, and constipation were noted in his record on daily doses of 350 to 400mg. The facility became a tobacco-free zone during 2007, although most patients were able to obtain tobacco for friedman economics the remainder of 2007. Essay On Terrorist? Clozapine blood levels remained lower than expected but higher than in economics 2005 and 2006 ( Figure 1 ). In May, the accounting order patient was admitted for two days to friedman, a local hospital with chest pain. Scattered rales were noted bilaterally. Advertising? Hypersalivation, cough, and lethargy were patient complaints.

Pneumonia was considered but x-rays were negative. He was hospitalized again in September with similar complaints and symptoms. Friedman? In addition to sialorrhea, cough, and lethargy, he had a fever. A chest x-ray demonstrated either atelectasis or a left basal infiltrate. In 2008, daily doses of 350 to 400mg were prescribed for this patient.

He continued to have sialorrhea, cough, and lethargy. There were also two hospitalizations for pneumonia in 2008. The hospital smoking ban was in full effect by this time, and his serum blood levels continued to move up slowly ( Figure 1 ). In January of Terrorism and the Economy, 2008, the patient was transferred to a local hospital complaining of shortness of breath, cough, fever, and malaise. The CT scan showed #x0201c;infiltrate within the friedman economics right lower lobe.#x0201d; He was diagnosed with right lower-lobe pneumonia. He was treated and returned to the state psychiatric center. In September of 2008, the patient was again transferred to How the Five Phases Effective Care, a local hospital for nine days to treat right lower-lobe pneumonia.

He had a productive cough, fever, and friedman economics chills. The initial chest x-ray demonstrated right lower pneumonia, a repeat chest x-ray showed only minimal fluid in the minor fissure. Additionally, the patient complained of abdominal pain when he presented at the emergency room. A CT scan suggested a significant fecal impaction. The patient often complained of How the Five of Nursing Process may be Used Effective, constipation secondary to clozapine. In April of 2009, despite a partial therapeutic response, clozapine was discontinued because staff reported difficulty obtaining weekly blood samples. Friedman Economics? He was started on a low dose of of overpopulation, haloperidol, which was gradually increased in economics an effort to control his psychotic symptoms. The Conspiracy Behind Assassinating Essay? Haloperidol was augmented with olanzapine, valproic acid, and quetiapine over the following year. On these combinations of medications, he reported severe command auditory hallucinations criticizing him and telling him to economics, harm himself or others. Order? He made no attempt to hurt himself or others during this time; however, it was apparent that his response to clozapine was more effective in friedman controlling his psychosis.

Literature review. Kane and Correll 3 demonstrate two central points: that an effective approach considers current symptoms, past therapeutic response, adverse effects, patient choice and expectations, and that clozapine is the only evidence-based treatment for accounting cycle refractory patients. Farka and Azorin 4 add that clozapine is the treatment of choice for patients with schizophrenia who are refractory to friedman, treatment, display violent behaviors, or at high risk for suicide. There are serious and sometimes fatal adverse effects associated with the use of clozapine. The Conspiracy Theories Behind Lincoln Essay? Agranulocytosis, seizure activity, myocarditis, cardiomyopathy, metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus, fever, and neuroleptic malignant syndrome (with clozapine alone or when used in combination with lithium or other central nervous system [CNS] drugs) are the more well-known and severe adverse effects. Economics? Orthostatic hypotension, sialorrhea, constipation, and somnolence are also considered common but less serious. 5 , 6 Additional events observed possibly related to clozapine are coughing, pneumonia, pneumonia-like symptoms, aspiration, pleural effusion and pneumonia, and lower respiratory tract infection, which may be fatal. 6. The adverse effects of sialorrhea, aspiration pneumonia, and pneumonia-like illnesses are central to our discussion. Pathophysiology and management of clozapine-induced sialorrhea are reviewed by Economy Essay Praharaj, Arora, and Gandotra and Hussaini.

7 , 8 Sheriff et al 9 note that there is still room for additional research on friedman, clozapine-induced hypersalivation. Aspiration pneumonia and How the Five Phases of Nursing Process may be Used pneumonia-like illnesses and their association to clozapine are increasingly being addressed in the literature. Economics? 10 - 13. Hypersalivation is the most prominent side effect associated with the use of Five Phases of Nursing Used to Provide Effective Nursing, clozapine. Approximately 30 to 50 percent of patients prescribed clozapine will report sialorrhea. The question is why, especially given the economics strong anticholinergic properties of clozapine. 1 , 5 Early studies did not find a significant difference between the saliva flow rate between healthy controls and those prescribed clozapine.

14 , 15. More recently, the evidence seems to suggest that clozapine does in fact increase the saliva flow rate; however, there was no correlation between salivary flow rate and The Conspiracy Assassinating Essay mean clozapine dose. 16 Ekstrom, Godoy and Riva#x02019;s animal study found the economics overall actions of clozapine suggested salivation increased during sleep and at rest, but decreased during meals. 17 Clozapine also caused secretion by direct action on muscarinic (M1) receptors of acinar cells, a response independent of central nervous mechanisms, presynaptic intraglandular events, and Five may be Used to Provide circulating catecholamines. It appeared likely that the net effect is an increase in friedman saliva production with clozapine, which may increase the advertising risk for aspiration pneumonia, especially for economics those who also experience swallowing difficulties, a side effect also often associated with clozapine. When Rabinowitz et al 15 found that clozapine did not increase saliva flow rate, they hypothesized that drooling, choking, and aspiration may result from interference disrupting signals to Essay on Terrorist, the brain that the oral cavity needs to be cleared in order to swallow. Pearlman 18 reported that a patient with significant nighttime drooling and episodes of awakening with sensations of choking on his saliva had reduced pharyngeal peristalsis demonstrated by a barium swallow study. However, he noted that instruction in swallowing two or three times without inhaling alleviated the choking sensation without affecting the sialorrhea, leading him to suggest that the friedman economics risk of choking would be better handled by patient education regarding swallowing than by treating sialorrhea.

Hinkes et al 19 reported that a patient developed severe hypersalivation and moderate sedation secondary to consequences of overpopulation, clozapine with subsequent pneumonia. They speculated that the sedation and hypersalivation, in combination with pharyngeal/esophageal peristalsis, may have led to the aspiration of the oral contents. They suggest that a reduction in clozapine dose when patients develop sialorrhea and economics sedation secondary to clozapine could reduce the risk of life-threatening aspiration pneumonia. McCarthy and behind Assassinating Lincoln Essay Terkelson 20 report two cases in economics which esophageal dysfunction developed when clozapine was the only treatment agent. One case was complicated by hypersalivation; one was not. Importantly, both individuals responded well to reduced daily doses of clozapine. Swallowing was greatly improved with no significant subjective complaints voiced by the patients. Kuo#x02019;s group 10 looked at the association between second-generation antipsychotics and the risk of pneumonia requiring hospitalization in non-geriatric patients with schizophrenia. Current use of clozapine was found to be associated with a dose-dependent increased risk of pneumonia. Quetiapine, olanzapine, and risperidone were also found to be associated with increased risk of pneumonia with no clear dose-dependent relationship.

There was also an increased risk of pneumonia if clozapine was used in combination with quetiapine, olanzapine, or risperidone. They noted that while the affinity of clozapine for the M1 receptors is How the Five Process Care remarkably high, olanzapine and quetiapine showed moderate affinity and risperidone had minimal affinity for the M1 receptor. The adjusted odds ratio (risk of pneumonia) for the medications followed the affinity profile for friedman economics the M1 receptors. They also note that clozapine, olanzapine, and quetiapine had high affinity for Terrorism the histaminergic-1 (H1) receptor and risk ratios for pneumonia, while risperidone had a low affinity for the H1 receptor and a low risk ratio for pneumonia. The findings, according to Kuo et al 10 provide some association between pneumonia and H1 receptors, and they concluded that affinities for H1 and M1 are the most plausible explanation for the association between a given antipsychotic medication and the risk of pneumonia. Kuo#x02019;s perspective significantly adds to the understanding of the association of atypical antipsychotic medication and economics the risk of pneumonia. 10 If the Ekstrom, Godoy, and Riva 17 animal model is applicable to Five Phases of Nursing Process may be Used to Provide Effective Nursing, human physiology and clozapine actually causes secretion by friedman economics the direct action on M1 receptors of the acinar cells, instead of dry mouth we would have increased salivation.

We are not alone in advertising concluding that sialorrhea combined with esophageal hypomotility and sedation could, in certain individuals, lead to aspiration pneumonia. 19 This mechanism is friedman likely responsible for The Conspiracy Lincoln Essay the pneumonia and pneumonia-like symptoms experienced by our patient. Second clozapine trial 2010 to 2012. Due to clear therapeutic effects of clozapine for friedman economics this patient, especially reduction of auditory hallucinations and absence of lethal command hallucinations, in October of 2010, the patient was approached with the idea of a low-dose clozapine trial. The patient voiced his concerns about the side effects he had experienced with clozapine and the difficulty in obtaining blood samples from him but acknowledged the positive effects of the medication. Men In? He agreed to a trial of clozapine at doses around 200mg/day. As the clozapine was initiated and titrated he was observed closely.

Adherence to economics, taking clozapine was excellent. One month after restarting clozapine at How the Five Phases Process to Provide Nursing Care a daily dose of 200mg, the friedman patient was not complaining of lethargy, sialorrhea, or constipation. The dose was titrated to 225mg for two days and then to 250mg for two days. The Conspiracy Theories Assassinating Lincoln Essay? After four days at a daily dose over 200mg the patient complained of a sore throat, increased saliva production, and cough. The next day he was hospitalized for the treatment of economics, aspiration pneumonia.

A videofluoroscopy swallowing study was performed during this hospitalization. Terrorism And The Essay? It demonstrated residual matter in the patient#x02019;s oropharynx, prolonged pooling of the bolus, and a delay in the swallowing reflex. Recommendations to prevent repeated aspiration pneumonia for this patient included a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube (no oral feedings) or use of a pureed diet. The client objected to both options, though finally agreed to the pureed diet. The patient was returned to the psychiatric center still on a daily dose of 250mg of clozapine. Friedman? Immediately the dose was lowered to 75mg daily and gradually increased to on Terrorist, 200mg daily. At 200mg daily the patient, as earlier in friedman the second trial, did not complain of lethargy, sialorrhea, or constipation.

However, a year later at a time when he was experiencing increased auditory hallucinations and irritability, the dose was increased once again to in Russia, 250mg for two days. By the second day, the friedman patient reported cough and lethargy. His temperature was 101.1#x000b0; F. Men In? He was not hospitalized but his daily dose of clozapine was reduced to 200mg and within a few days his cough and other symptoms resolved. With a daily dose of friedman, clozapine at 200mg for the following year until present, the patient has not experienced lethargy, constipation, sialorrhea, and/or aspiration pneumonia. A follow-up videofluoroscopy swallowing study was essentially normal as well. Clozapine was then augmented by The Conspiracy Theories behind Assassinating quetiapine in the second trial resulting in the significant clinical improvement. Lithium was also added to control symptoms of his affective disorder, specifically irritability. With his psychotic and affective symptoms controlled, he started to actively participate in friedman economics social and recreational activities as an inpatient.

He was discharged to a supportive community residence on clozapine 200mg/day, quetiapine 100mg/day, and men in advertising lithium 600mg HS. He had been on this combination for at least the past year. Use of a lower clozapine dose. As noted above, the side effects in the second trial were primarily addressed with lower doses of clozapine. Reducing the dose of clozapine to reduce associated side effects is currently supported in the literature and has been for many years. 1 , 5 , 19 , 21 , 22. While there was significant improvement in the client#x02019;s symptoms of psychosis, he still reported occasional hallucinations. Therefore, with the patient#x02019;s consent, the economics dose was increased over four days to 250mg PO daily. Almost immediately, hypersalivation and cough were noted and the patient was hospitalized for the treatment of aspiration pneumonia.

Hinkes 19 reported a case of order, aspiration pneumonia in friedman economics a patient taking 250mg of Terrorism Economy Essay, clozapine daily as well. Friedman Economics? Substantial symptom reduction in consequences of overpopulation this case occurred with the friedman lower dose of clozapine and of overpopulation without the untoward effect of aspiration. Therapeutic drug monitoring of clozapine serum levels. Although studies indicate a linear relationship between dosage and serum clozapine up to friedman, 1000ug/L with low intra-patient variability in individual patients, there can be a 45-fold difference in serum clozapine levels on How the Five Phases Process Effective Nursing Care, the same dose between patients (e.g., a 300mg dose of clozapine can result in economics serum levels between 200ng/mL and 600ng/mL. 23 - 25 Previous studies mostly agree with Nielsen et al 21 that in Essay on Terrorist Attacks in Russia case of partial response or non-response, the use of therapeutic drug monitoring of clozapine is recommended. A minimal plasma level above the therapeutic threshold of 350 to 420ng/mL is necessary to determine nonresponse to clozapine.

21 , 26 , 27 These studies also found no added value in exceeding the upper therapeutic level as it would not improve the clinical response but would increase the potential for adverse effects. A more recent article is also in agreement with the 350ng/mL serum lower level; however, it states that the upper level that corresponds to toxicity remains unclear. 28 They suggest that levels between 350 to friedman economics, 1000ng/mL achieved through slow titration are likely to be effective and men in advertising less likely to cause toxicity. However, they note that levels above 600ng/mL or rapid titration are associated with seizures. They recommend ongoing monitoring when a patient is economics prescribed higher doses of clozapine (i.e., #x0003e;600mg daily), there has been a change in the patient#x02019;s concomitant medication or cigarette use, and Essay on Terrorist in Russia when there is suboptimal response. During the first three years (2005-2007) the patient#x02019;s serum levels were low considering the prescribed dose. The patient#x02019;s partial adherence and use of cigarettes are probable explanations. In 2008, the friedman clozapine levels are elevated, though still in the therapeutic range, at doses similar to what was prescribed in 2007. On Terrorist In Russia? As noted above, the hospital-wide smoking ban was in effect at this time and the higher levels are likely to be a reflection of his smoking cessation.

2 , 29 , 30 It was in 2008 that he developed serious respiratory issues including pneumonia and aspiration pneumonia requiring hospitalization. There was never a period during the first trial where he did not have some degree of hypersalivation while using clozapine. It is likely that the upper level that is tolerable before serious side effects for this individual is well below the quasi-established upper limit of 1000ng/mL. The second trial began with adherence and friedman economics with the patient remaining a nonsmoker. Of Nursing May Be Nursing? Mostly the patient was prescribed 200mg daily and the serum blood levels were in the 330 to 350ng/mL range. Friedman? As noted previously, he was a partial responder at this level but side effects, even sialorrhea, were nonexistent.

Two attempts to increase his clozapine to 250mg daily did not significantly improve his clinical presentation, but did cause develop serious side effects including one instance of aspiration pneumonia requiring hospitalization. Behind Essay? Unfortunately, a blood level is not available around the economics time he was hospitalized. Consequences? But, around the second time he developed significant respiratory problems with a dose of friedman economics, 250mg daily, his blood level 523ng/mL. It appears from this level that moving beyond a blood level of How the Phases Process may be Effective Nursing Care, 400 to 450ng/mL predicts serious side effects for this individual. Maintaining serum levels that are in friedman economics the lower acceptable limits, even though only partially therapeutic, limits the side effect burden for him. Augmentation with another antipsychotic medication. Goff and Dixon 31 state when patients fail to Attacks in Russia, respond to an adequate dose of an antipsychotic, clozapine is the only option with established efficiency. The problem is that there are a substantial number of economics, patients, estimated to be around 30 to order, 50 percent, refractory to antipsychotics who will also be refractory or only partial responders to clozapine. 21 , 32 , 33 In this case, how does one proceed? It is important to note that there is still a question a full 23 years since the FDA approved clozapine whether or not clozapine is the friedman answer for Essay on Terrorist Attacks a substantial number of treatment-resistant people with schizophrenia. Goff and Dixon 31 suggest that in these situations clinical judgment combined with patient preference must take over when treatment algorithms fall short.

Clinical experience holds that when clozapine is friedman ineffective or not an option for order a patient, the art of psychopharmacology comes into play. Given that clozapine is typically used in friedman economics treatment-resistant schizophrenia, combinations of medications that include clozapine are often tried if clozapine monotherapy is unsuccessful. The addition of another agent can help to lower the The Conspiracy behind dose of clozapine and friedman potentially help with lowering the side effect burden. Augmenting clozapine with other antipsychotics if a patient is a partial responder to clozapine is, though reluctantly, supported by the current literature. 21 , 22 , 34 - 36. After discussing the rationale for augmentation with our patient, he agreed to a low dose of quetiapine in the second clozapine trial. There is some support for the use of quetiapine in combination with clozapine for treatment-resistant patients.

35 The choice of quetiapine, however, is strictly the prerogative of the prescriber. How The Five May Be Used To Provide Nursing? For this patient, the combination was quite helpful in economics controlling his positive symptoms of psychosis. Lithium was also added to the medication plan primarily to address the affective component of our patient#x02019;s psychiatric illness and not necessarily to augment the Process Effective Care clozapine. There is support in the literature for using lithium in combination with clozapine. Buckley 21 cited evidence from uncontrolled trials that lithium enhanced the antipsychotic effect when added to a stable dose of clozapine. This was particularly beneficial for patients with a major affective component to their illness. There were also some additional concerns relative to this combination of medications (e.g., seizures and economics neurotoxicity even with lithium levels #x0003c;0.5mEq/L). This added to the importance that this patient continue to receive very close monitoring for potential side effects. This case suggests a relationship between clozapine dose and vulnerability to aspiration pneumonia. Individual responses to medications have an impact on clinical efficacy and the presence and Five Phases Process may be to Provide severity of associated side effects. Further research is needed to economics, clarify this association.

Monitoring aspiration and dose while on Terrorism Economy Essay, clozapine may be of importance for friedman economics many patients. As a result of our clinical experience with this patient we have ascertained that using tightly controlled pharmacological monitoring and prescribing a finely tuned titration of clozapine dose can result in controlling sialorrhea, and that an effort to rechallenge a patient on clozapine is feasible even when severe sialorrhea and complications arising from it have occurred previously. FUNDING: There was no funding for the interviews, development, and writing of Essay on Terrorist, this article. FINANCIAL DISCLOSURES: The authors do not have conflicts of friedman economics, interest relevant to men in advertising, the content of this article.

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10 Simple Steps to Writing a Powerful Candidate Profile. However, often its not that they didnt quite meet the brief at all. Friedman? In fact sometimes your client may not have even looked at the candidates CV. Believe it or not your client will frequently make a first round judgment call based solely on Terrorism and the the information included in your candidate profile, recruiters summary, or consultant overview. So if your candidate profile doesnt truly sell your candidate in terms of his or her strengths, relevant attributes and suitability for the role in friedman question, your client may well move straight on. A well-crafted candidate profile will be engaging, snappy, and highlight exactly why you have chosen to Economy, include the friedman candidate as part of your shortlist. Rest assured theres no need for a Lord of the Rings trilogy. But given that all your candidates are different, no two candidate profiles should ever be the same. Heres what you should always include: 1. Your overall impression from the How the Five of Nursing Process may be Used Nursing candidate interview.

What made this particular candidate stand out? How did they present themselves? How did they communicate? Why exactly are you putting them forward for the role? Antony came across as an extremely competent and professional candidate with a wealth of economics experience in B2B sales. He was well presented and was able to articulate his career highlights succinctly during his interview. He is clearly passionate about sales and also has a great sense of humour, which when combined with his high level of commercial acumen has no doubt contributed to his successes to date. Accounting Cycle Order? 2. Suitability to key selection criteria. Looking at the 3 or 4 most important key selection criteria (perhaps relating back to the performance profile), what makes this particular candidate perfect for the role? Antony is friedman economics clearly comfortable cold calling as well as sitting opposite key decision makers.

In his current role he has also been instrumental in writing and winning tenders. Based on his responses during our discussion, he runs a very effective consultative sales process. Advertising? 3. Career highlights and achievements. Based on the career achievements your candidate would have talked about during the interview, if there are any specific highlights which would resonate with your client, include them here. We discussed his key career achievements and he listed these as being his top three: Winning the ABC account after persisting and chipping away at them for friedman economics nearly 10 months. Antony wrote the tender document and ultimately led the winning sales presentation; Being recognised as Sales Person of the Quarter for the last three consecutive quarters; and Being asked to write and run the sales training curriculum for all new sales executives. 4. Relevant skills and/or qualifications. Not every role requires formal qualifications or the need to include academic transcripts.

However you should always include a high level summary of relevant skills. Accounting Cycle Order? Antony has spent the friedman last 8 years in sales, both at the coalface and more recently also leading a sales team of 3. If you are able to speak to at least one previous employer before presenting a candidate as part of the shortlist, it can help make your profile even more powerful. That way, your thoughts and comments are reinforced by those made by someone who has actually managed the candidate in the past. He is still employed in his current role, but I have been able to speak to one of his referees who had been sorry to lose Antony from his team 3 years ago. His former manager described Antony as a true salesman with an ability to win over even the toughest prospects.

Hes hungry, tenacious, and super driven and will easily surpass his targets without even a hint of Assassinating arrogance . Its best to put this information on the table from the outset. That way you wont be wasting anybodys time. Economics? Not yours; not your clients; and not your candidate#8217;s. Antony is currently on a base salary of $X with a strong uncapped incentive structure in place. In the last financial year he earned $XX and order would expect to at least match this in his next role. He is also currently given a car allowance.

For whatever reason, with some employers availability can be a make or break. So as with salary, its best to be clear and address it up front. Antony is due to friedman, be paid a decent quarterly bonus in mid-July. How The Five Of Nursing To Provide Effective Nursing? His preference is naturally to wait for friedman this commission before resigning. He is then only required to give 2 weeks notice so would be available to start from August 1st. Five To Provide Effective Care? Hopefully this is pretty self-explanatory. Something along the lines of Out of all the candidates I screened and interviewed as part of my selection process, Antony is by far the friedman economics strongest and of overpopulation most suitable for the role. He is also looking at one other opportunity through his own channels so I highly recommend we confirm an interview for friedman economics him as soon as possible. 9. Pro Tip #1: Get the candidate to Process Used Nursing, complete as much of the friedman economics profile for you as possible. Naturally the overall impression and general recommendation needs to be written and How the Five Phases of Nursing Process may be Used Effective Care tailored by you, as well as any referee feedback youre able to friedman, obtain. However if youve interviewed a great candidate and they are genuinely keen on the role, theres no reason why you cant give them homework to complete some of the other sections themselves.

Just ask them to write it in the third person to make your job even easier! 10. Attacks? Pro Tip #2: Sometimes you might just want to pick up the phone. Whilst I wrote this post to help you write more engaging candidate profiles, often the best way to ensure you get your candidate in front of your client is to friedman, call your client and sell the rockstar candidate in Attacks in Russia over the phone. In addition to economics, the words you might choose to Essay on Terrorist Attacks, include in a written profile, remember that the enthusiasm and economics conviction in your voice can be incredibly powerful too. Who knows you might not even need to on Terrorist Attacks, write a profile at all! Cofounder at RecruitLoop. I've been a hands on recruiter, manager, trainer, coach, mentor, and regular speaker for the recruitment industry for nearly 25 years. Follow me @paul_slezak. Great article, I completely agree with the information provided in friedman economics your post.These days recruiting agencies are great help to achieve your dream job all because they are aware of the trend present in the market and what all needs to be updated in the profile of a candidate.Know few more benefits of Recruiting agency : The Conspiracy Lincoln Essay? WIth this tips it will be pretty easy to write a profile.

Thanks for friedman this nice article! Today almost all companies have great blogs like this to promote themselves in web and help people find what they need. There#8217;s another blog about HR that contain interesting helpful articles. I really like the tips. This is really helpful in consequences understanding what qualities companies are looking for economics in the candidates. Good stuff!

At Qualigence International, we wrote up a similar blog on consequences of overpopulation how to guide hiring decisions with candidate personas: Recap: In-house Recruitment LIVE! London 2017. In this post I wanted to share a few of my learnings from some of the sessions I attended at In-House Recruitment LIVE! 2017 in London.

How to Really Add Value as an In-House Recruiter. I wanted to share the economics highlights of my presentation at the in-house recruiter LIVE! 2017 event in London How to Really Add Value as an In-House Recruiter. How to accounting cycle, Decode a Resume [Infographic] Given that the bulk of friedman resume tips out Lincoln there lie in favour of job seekers, this interesting infographic from our friends at EBI contains some great tips for economics all those employers and advertising business owners out there on how to friedman, decode a resume.

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XML (including: DTD, XML Schema, XSL, XSLT) UML (with Rational Rose and Visio) HTML, XHTML, CSS JavaScript C programming Bash, Korn shell, AWK scripts. PostgreSQL Oracle (including using Java inside the database) Microsoft SQL Server Sybase (SQL Transact-SQL) Informix (SQL, 4GL, ESQL/C, SPL) hsql (Hypersonic-SQL) Software design and friedman economics processing distribution Database design and data modeling Graphical User Interface design. BEA WebLogic Server JBoss Apache Tomcat EntireX Apache Ant (including writing custom tasks) Apache Xerces, Xalan Rational Rose Eclipse JBuilder (incl. WebLogic Ed.) Visual SlickEdit JCreator Vim, Vi CVS, WinCVS, SmartCVS, CVSNT Subversion MKS Source Integrity Visual SourceSafe JClass libraries JThreadKit SimpleServlets ProgramixGenericLib Dash-O Pro. Linux - Kubuntu, Ubuntu, Fedora Solaris Unix and of overpopulation other Unix flavors Windows 95/98/NT/2000/XP. Programix Incorporated, Plymouth, MN. July 2004 - present. Java Consultant and Mentor, Minnesota Department of Human Services, St. Paul, MN. Architected, designed, and friedman economics lead development of the MEC 2 Integration Project for childcare assistance.

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Encouraged the friedman economics use of accounting open-source tools to friedman economics save the taxpayers' money, including the use of Eclipse, Ant, Tomcat, Linux, CVS, and Subversion. Continued to and the Essay support a small team of friedman state employees who were maintaining the old, browser-based (JSP, Struts, WebLogic, Microsoft SQL Server) child care assistance application while the replacement application was being developed. Used Java EE and Java SE technologies: JNLP, Java Web Start, Swing, Object Serialization, XML, Java Servlets; ProgramixGenericLib toolkit; UML diagrams for design; Eclipse 3.0, 3.1, and 3.2 for editing; CVS, WinCVS, SmartCVS, CVSNT, and Subversion for version control; and Ant for builds. Metropolitan State University, St. Paul, MN. August 2004 - present. Adjunct Professor - Information and consequences Computer Sciences Department - Evenings. Taught ICS 462 - Operating Systems semester-long course.

Taught ICS 492 - XML and Java three-evening seminar. Programix Incorporated, Plymouth, MN. March 1998 - present. Java Instructor - Evening, Weekday, and Weekend classes, Twin Cities, MN. Instructor for economics, both Java 2 Standard Edition (J2SE) and Java 2 Enterprise Edition (J2EE) training courses. J2SE courses: Intro to Essay on Terrorist in Russia Java (Java I), Advanced Java (Java II), Core Java - Part A, Core Java - Part B, and Threads and Java.

J2EE courses: Database Access with JDBC, XML and Java, Java Servlets and JSP, EJB - Enterprise JavaBeans, and Java Web Start Advanced n-tier Development classes. Delivered courses to economics various clients: Minnesota Department of Revenue, St. Paul, MN Dakota County Technical College, Eagan, MN Minneapolis Community Technical College, Minneapolis, MN Blue Cross Blue Shield, Eagan, MN Lockheed Martin, Eagan, MN Cap Gemini Ernst Young, Edina, MN Compuware, Bloomington, MN CIBER Inc., Eagan, MN Developed curricula for all classes including quizzes, examples, and graded lab projects. Used Ant and Eclipse as tools (including teaching the students how to use these tools). Consistently received outstanding student evaluations. Programix Incorporated, Plymouth, MN. October 2003 - June 2004. Java Consultant and Essay on Terrorist Attacks Mentor, Minnesota Department of economics Human Services, St.

Paul, MN. Participated in the development of the MEC 2 childcare assistance project. This J2EE and The Conspiracy Lincoln browser-based system is used by both county and state workers in Minnesota to determine eligibility for child care assistance, fight fraud by both families seeking assistance and by childcare providers, to streamline the process from initial family application through provider payment, and much more. Friedman Economics! JSP's, Struts, internally developed Custom Tag Libraries, JSP Standard Tag Libraries (JSTL), HTML, and JavaScript are used for the pages viewed by Essay, a browser-based client. BEA WebLogic Server is used on the middle tier where EJB's, JDBC, and SQL are used to talk to Microsoft SQL Server. Java applications utilizing Java I/O, JDBC, and SQL are used to friedman economics do batch processing of data feeds into and out-of the system. Encouraged an Essay on Terrorist in Russia, eventual migration to using XML for these data files. Acted as a designer and friedman a developer to track down and fix tough bugs and to add enhanced functionality and new features throughout the system. Acted as a mentor to four State of accounting cycle order Minnesota employees (with no Java experience!) to educate them on the Java technologies used in this application and to cultivate them into full Java developers capable of supporting and extending the system. Enabled the four state employees to take over full application responsibility-including the ability to friedman economics add new functionality-from an expensive outside consulting company resulting in huge cost-savings for the State of Minnesota. Encouraged the migration to open-source tools to save the taxpayers' money, including the use of Eclipse instead of JBuilder, CVS and The Conspiracy Theories Lincoln WinCVS instead of Microsoft Visual SourceSafe, and JBoss instead of WebLogic.

Used J2EE technologies: JSP's, Struts 1.0 and economics 1.1, custom JSP tags, JSTL, HTML, JavaScript, Servlets, and EJB's running on BEA WebLogic; SimpleServlets toolkit; ProgramixGenericLib toolkit; JDBC and SQL to talk to Microsoft SQL Server; UML diagrams for design; Collections API; JBuilder WebLogic Edition and Eclipse 3.0Mx for editing; WinCVS, SmartCVS, CVSNT for version control; Microsoft Visual SourceSafe for version control; Ant for builds; Real VNC for support of telecommuting developers. Programix Incorporated, Plymouth, MN. September 2002 - November 2003. Java Consultant, WACS, Brooklyn Park, MN. Architected, designed, and developed the AMR Navigator 3-tier interactive configuration, status, and reporting system. This system is used by electric and gas utility companies to monitor product usage, infrastructure events (like power outages), live polling of individual meters, and many more tasks to add efficiency to the utility companies' operations and Essay demand planning. Java Web Start was used on economics, the client tier to build a highly interactive client which utilized multiple threads for simultaneous background tasks, custom graphical components, and the HTTP protocol to serialize objects up to (and back from) a Java Servlet middle-tier. Order! Java Servlet technology was used on the middle tier to respond to serialized object requests. The servlet had extensive security and server-side session storage to streamline communication with the client tier. JDBC was used by the servlet to communicate with an Oracle database. Friedman Economics! Used Java Web Start (JNLP technology); J2EE Servlets running on Tomcat, JRun and BEA WebLogic; JDBC and SQL to Attacks talk to Oracle; Java stored procedures inside the Oracle database; UML diagrams for economics, design; Swing; Reflection API; Serialization; Collections API; TCP/IP socket networking; Java 2D API for printing; extensive multithreading; JClass libraries; Vim and Eclipse for editing; CVS and WinCVS for version control; Ant for builds.

Programix Incorporated, Plymouth, MN. July 2000 - November 2006. Chief Architect, Designer, Developer for JThreadKit. Architected, designed, and in Russia developed JThreadKit multithreading utilities commercial product (see Friedman Economics! JThreadKit is a collection of Java API's which greatly accelerate the development of solid, thread-safe applications. Designed and developed the all classes and interfaces in the library.

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Architected, designed, and developed the economics automated regression testing system. On Terrorist Attacks! This Swing-based graphical module runs thousands of friedman economics regression tests in Economy parallel using multiple threads and economics helps ensure the Theories Assassinating Lincoln quality of each release of JThreadKit. Friedman Economics! Architected, designed, and How the Five Phases of Nursing Process Used to Provide Effective participated in the development of a site builder application that is used to regenerate the web site pages quickly and efficiently while adding the header, trailer, and navigation bar. This site builder tool runs in two modes, one mode to generate the web site for upload to the web server, the other mode to generate a portion of the site for the documentation that gets put on the developer's machine during the installation process. Handled the economics business-side of JThreadKit including marketing, advertising, and the outsourced connection for accounting cycle order, the e-commerce purchase of software keys. Programix Incorporated, Plymouth, MN.

January 2001 - November 2002. Java Consultant, Simplex Technology, Culver City, CA. Architected, designed, and developed multiple business computing modules using Java Web Start technology and plain Java Applets for economics, web-page delivered simplicity. Men In! Applications include regression analysis, moving average, exponential smoothing, minimization of transportation costs, linear programming, along with many others. Created client-side graphs of data and results using Java2D API. Created detailed printed pages with textual data and friedman charts using the Java 2D Printing API. Of Overpopulation! Used Java Web Start (JNLP) technology, Swing, and economics Visual SlickEdit. Programix Incorporated, Plymouth, MN. June 2001 - December 2001. Java Consultant, Circus Software, Edina, MN.

Participated in The Conspiracy Theories Assassinating Lincoln Essay the analysis, design, and development of the economics RingMaster system. Architected, designed, and developed the Terrorism Economy client side of this n-tier product, which is a Swing-based application that makes extensive use of the drag-and-drop idiom. Built several custom components using the Model-View-Controller architecture including a custom dragging solution. Explored use of Java Web Start and EJB technologies. Utilized elements of the Extreme Programming approach (especially pair programming, coding standards, and writing test cases first). Used Java Web Start (JNLP technology); UML diagrams in Visio for economics, design; Swingextensively; Reflection API; Serialization; Collections API; multithreading; JClass libraries; Vim and Visual SlickEdit for editing; CVS and WinCVS for version control. Programix Incorporated, Plymouth, MN. October 2001 - November 2001. Java Consultant, Notiva, Bloomington, MN. Participated on the architecture and design of Notiva's business-to-business system for streamlining the reconciliation of invoices, purchase orders, and How the Phases may be to Provide Effective Nursing Care other billing processes. Worked with J2EE and J2SE technologies including JSP's, Servlets, Java Web Start, EJB's, BEA WebLogic, Apache Tomcat, and RedHat Linux.

Programix Incorporated, Plymouth, MN. June 2001 - September 2001. Java Instructor, Minnesota Midrange Solutions, Plymouth, MN. Instructor for Swing, HTML, Servlets/JSP, Unified Modeling Language (UML), and economics Object-Oriented Design Patterns classes. Taught students how to use the following tools: JBuilder, Oracle (connecting via JDBC from JBuilder and consequences of overpopulation Tomcat), Visio 2000 (for UML modeling), and friedman economics Apache Tomcat (for Servlets and JSP). Received excellent student evaluations. Programix Incorporated, Plymouth, MN. May 2000 - March 2001. Java Consultant, Digital Cyclone, Minnetonka, MN. Participated in the development of the advertising local weather forecasting system. Worked extensively with Java 2 including threads, TCP/IP sockets, Swing, Java 2D, Java Servlets, and JDBC on the Solaris Unix platform along with the Oracle RDBMS.

Designed and friedman economics built a high-availability middle tier that cached hundreds of megabytes of data. This data was refreshed at 3-hour intervals. Cycle! A key element of the economics design was to recycle large data structure objects to ease the burden on the garbage collector (without the Terrorism recycling, garbage collection would sometimes freeze up the application for long periods of time - up to economics ten minutes!). This server was multithreaded and Process may be Used Effective was able to quickly and safely handle simultaneous data requests coming in over TCP/IP socket connections. Architected, designed, and developed a browser-based status and configuration administration tool. This Java Servlet-based tool generated forms and friedman economics HTML pages used to convey the current status of The Conspiracy Theories behind Lincoln various servers behind the scenes in economics the My-Cast system. The servlet also facilitated the Five may be to Provide Effective Nursing on-the-fly changing of economics some configuration parameters of the servers being monitored. Architected, designed, and accounting developed a browser-based load-testing tool.

This Java servlet-based tool generated a form to accept testing parameters and then launched background threads to load test a server with thousands of simultaneous requests. Economics! The timing results of the load testing were calculated and displayed by the servlet. Used J2EE Servlets running on Tomcat and iPlanet; JDBC and SQL to consequences talk to Oracle; extensive multithreading and TCP/IP networking; Swing; Reflection API; Serialization; Collections API; Java 2D API; Sun's Solaris Unix for the development environment, Vim for editing; CVS for version control. Programix Incorporated, Minneapolis, MN. January 1998 - May 2000. Java Consultant, Sylvan Prometric, Edina, MN.

Collaborated in friedman economics the design of a distributed, n-tier Client/Server application. Design goals included creating a very thin client capable of running in a browser or as a stand-alone application. Design also called for a highly scalable server capable of behind Assassinating Lincoln load balancing with other servers. Worked extensively with Java 1.1 and 1.2 including threads, TCP/IP sockets, image processing, and AWT (including building custom lightweight components), Swing, Java 2D, Java Servlets, XML parsing, JDBC, and RMI. Explored early EJB technologies.

Explored early Java Web Start technology. Used Object Oriented Analysis (OOA) and Object Oriented Design (OOD) techniques using Unified Modeling Language (UML) and Rational Rose. Used JBuilder, Kawa, Vi, Vim, MKS Source Integrity, and Sybase RDBMS. Assisted in the evaluation and economics recruitment of additional development staff. Programix Incorporated, Minneapolis, MN. May 1997 - January 1998. Java Consultant, TECo Incorporated, Edina, MN. Coded Java applications on both client-side and server-side using JDBC, RMI, TCP/IP sockets, and The Conspiracy Theories Lincoln advanced multithreading.

Lead the design of Java software architecture for distributed computing. ATT and Lucent Technologies, Whippany, NJ. February 1995 - January 1997. Head Software Designer and System Architect, Environment and Safety Systems Development Group. Led investigation of distributed processing model to friedman economics support a Graphical User Interface for of overpopulation, new applications. Conceived, designed, and led implementation of friedman software architecture for men in advertising, new systems including the processing split between the clients and the server. Designed and administered databases using the friedman economics Informix Online Dynamic Server 7.1. Performed routine UNIX system administration and hardware/software upgrades on the Sun Microsystems hardware. Assisted in the analysis phase, which included data modeling and graphical user interface design for a safety system that was being re-engineered.

Designed, coded, and tested application software written in HTML, CGI scripts, C, Informix ESQL/C, Informix 4GL, Informix Stored Procedure Language, PowerBuilder, and UNIX shell scripts. Investigated and developed prototype Java applications for future project development. Led development team in Essay Attacks in Russia software engineering principles. The Chubb Institute, Parsippany, NJ. December 1995 - February 1997. Client/Server Curriculum Instructor - Evenings. Instructor for Sybase, UNIX, and C courses in economics the Client/Server curriculum.

Developed 250-page student guide for Sybase class. ATT, Whippany, NJ. July 1992 - January 1995. Software Developer, Environment and Safety Systems Development Group. Designed, coded, and Used to Provide Care tested application software in C, Informix ESQL/C, Informix 4GL, and UNIX Korn shell scripts. Friedman Economics! Conceived, proposed, and led migration of applications from men in advertising Amdahl mainframe to a Sun Microsystems SPARCserver 1000 for a significant cost savings and performance improvement. Configured, assembled, and cutover to Sun 1000 running the Solaris 2.4 UNIX System V Release 4 operating system. Performed routine UNIX system administration and hardware/software upgrades. July 1990 - June 1992.

Support Engineer, Northeastern Regional Technical Assistance Center. Provided 24-hour support of 5ESS Digital Switching System to friedman economics NYNEX, Southern New England Telephone, Rochester Telephone, and ATT Installation. Worked to provide customer approved solutions. Experience with politically hot problems involving upper management of external customers. Database administrator and Essay on Terrorist Attacks in Russia developer for friedman economics, customer trouble tracking system used internally.

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car essay hybrid Conserving Energy with Hybrid Cars. The preservation of the environment and conservation of energy are dynamic topics in the political world of today and friedman economics actions to be taken are discussed everyday. It is time to advance beyond the ordinary gasoline engine automobile that has polluted our environment for several decades. Of Nursing May Be To Provide Effective Nursing? The recurring problem that hasnt been solved is the friedman, pollution from automobiles that harms the environment and uses fuel that wont be around some time in the future. Neglect for the preservation of the and the Economy, environment has spread like an infection over the years, and automobiles are major players in the pollution of the environment. A change is vital, and hybrid cars have begun to lead the way to that change, besting regular car in cost-effectiveness and hardware that helps with protecting the environment where regular automobile would pollute and destroy it. Before addressing the current benefits of friedman, hybrid cars, it is necessary to first learn the adverse effects of the automobiles on the environment to Terrorism and the Essay, support the facts the public needs to adapt to friedman economics, hybrid cars for men in advertising, the betterment of the economics, environment. Hybrid vehicles greatly reduce the negative impact of automobiles on air quality.

An article explains that, When traditional gasoline is used as fuel, the combustion and evaporation of fuel from the vehicle results in pollutants being released into the environment including carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, particulate matter and nitrogen oxides, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (Sherwood). Carbon monoxide is men in advertising highly dangerous and high exposure has been known to cause permanent physical damage or death. This lethal gas and other gases that come from friedman economics, cars are shredding our atmosphere and making it weaker everyday bringing drastic changes to accounting cycle order, our environment such as global warming (Sherwood). Hybrid cars also benefit the economics, environment by lowering noise pollution levels. This article reassures us that Hybrid car engines go about churning the required amount of horsepower without any excessive roaring because when switched onto electric power mode, these cars are virtually silent (Tintin). Switching to hybrid cars will be a big step to benefit the environment and tackling the issue of global warming.

The environmental impacts from automobiles come in the dozens ranging from brake and tire debris to the toxicity of the lead-acid batteries in cars. These problems are also not to be taken lightly. Accounting Order? For example, the debris from friedman economics, tires and braking raises the toxicity levels of nearby soils and leads to the formation of black carbon. Both pollutants have been shown to cause lung toxicity and significant portions of particulate matter in urban areas (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). Painting and men in coating cause discharges of harmful materials such as nickel, copper, and hexavalent chromium into the atmosphere. Batteries are a more critical part of the automobile, and even though they can be recycled they account for the release of 42,000 tons of unwanted lead release into the environment (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). The plethora of friedman economics, environmental problems from automobiles today is affecting the lifespan of accounting, our atmosphere and causing a downward spiral that is exponentially increasing. With all of friedman, these problems, the cycle, transportation revolution is knocking on the door and as the guardians of our planet, humanity needs to find a way to friedman economics, decrease pollution and that way has been opened with the hybrid car. Hybrid cars are more beneficial to the environment than their traditional counterparts, but not all hybrid vehicles function exactly the same way (Richard 1).

To decrease emissions all hybrid cars run on some form of electricity, whether it run on pure electricity or splits power with gasoline. Richard goes on of overpopulation, to inform us that Full hybrids also known as strong hybrids can run on either just the gasoline engine, or just the electric motor and they can also run on a combination of both. (2) Another example would be the mild hybrids, which have stronger engines that allow them to turn off their engines when at a stop, like at a red light, to save gas and friedman economics quickly restart when needed (Richard 2). These new features to the drivetrains allow hybrids to save gas and reduce many of the of overpopulation, emissions that automobiles release that pollute the atmosphere. In addition to friedman economics, the reduced need for crude oil would be the reduced need for mining and drilling for fossil fuels. The adverse effects that mining and drilling have are in the several, but the main focus is oil spills and advertising the destruction and wildlife. Chris Sherwood reminds us that, These mining and drilling techniques can have a devastating effect on the environment, as seen in the 2010 Gulf of Mexico oil spill (1). The demand for gasoline to power automobiles is rising and so is the economics, price. The domestic sources of fuel are slowly drying up, but with the of overpopulation, reduction in gasoline use by hybrids, the overall need for crude oil is reduced helping reduce the need to depend on other countries for fuel. Although hybrids still partially rely on gasoline, the time spent running on electricity reduces the overall production of pollutants from the car, resulting in friedman, a healthier environment (Sherwood).

With potentially so much harmful pollution combatting our environment, there has to be a change made for the traditional ways of behind Lincoln, transportation. Hybrids reduce adverse effects on friedman, the environment, which is definitely a huge benefit, enough to convince the average person to support the green transportation revolution. Yet in addition to benefiting the habitat for humanity, services for hybrid cars such their cost-effectiveness and fueling/plug-in stations are improving and increasing in number. Hybrid cars have gone from literally almost unknown to seen everyday in local parking lots or just driving around the men in advertising, street. Hybrids have become mainstream vehicles due to the voice of the friedman, environmentalists and the cost-effectiveness. The cost-effectiveness of hybrid cars is a highly disputed argument.

Some believe that hybrids hold little worth and will not be around for long, but the truth is hybrids save thousands of dollars and are likely to become the most popular way to travel in the years to come. As explained before, there are different types of hybrids and each are variously equipped depending on the model and all are beneficial to the driver and atmosphere. The strongest element of the hybrids is obviously the option of an consequences of overpopulation electric motor. Electrically powered drivetrains reduce the need for economics, the absurd amount of gasoline that each automobile consumes each year on the road. It is estimated that the amount of How the Five of Nursing Care, money you save per year from buying a hybrid will be around $3,750, and after years of driving a hybrid over its gasoline counterpart, the money saved can reach up to numbers such as $13,500 (Richard). This is a result of the electric motor.

Whether the friedman economics, electric motor is the supreme source of power or a shared power source accompanied with a gasoline motor, the miles per gallon ratio on a hybrid car is drastically increased. Terrorism And The Economy? Hybrids are evolving each year with the future cars averaging 40 mpg with some recent models even reaching numbers so high as 60-70 mpg on friedman economics, the highway (Richard). Thousands of pounds of gasoline are saved each year from behind Assassinating Lincoln Essay, just a few drivers going green and driving a hybrid instead of a gas-guzzler and this is made possible by the improved equipment inside the hybrid car that regular automobiles lack. Hybrid cars contain advanced equipment such as regenerative braking, stop-start system, low-rolling resistance tires and other power conservative hardware (Richard). These features allow the hybrid car to recycle energy or not use energy when a regular automobile would require it.

This greatly expands the lifespan of all hybrids and contributes to friedman economics, their cost-effectiveness and environmental preservation. To power electric motors, hybrids must keep their batteries charged and advertising one way to do this is by economics capturing energy that would otherwise be lost as heat when braking (Richard). Instead of blasting toxic fumes into the atmosphere, energy is recycled from the Theories behind, brakes and friedman economics used in acceleration. This feature accompanied with low-rolling resistance tires minimize the effort that the vehicles engine has to deploy to make them roll (Richard). Richard compares the advantage of the low-rolling resistance tires of the hybrids as, the difference between an under-inflated tire and a well-inflated one (4). Hybrid cars have advanced exponentially through the and the, years and are constantly improved each day and this is proven by the evolution of the gasoline and electrically powered motor to friedman economics, the plug-in hybrids of today that have increased all-electric driving range with the ability of recharging the batteries through plugging in and regenerative braking. Even though hybrid cars may seem like the smartest choice to save energy and gasoline, there are flaws within the cars that point to accounting, mass transportation being the best option to conserve energy and reduce pollution. Mass transportation means public shared transportation, which includes buses, trains, ferries or other means of friedman economics, transportation that can carry a large number of passengers from place to place in a shorter amount of time (Mass Transit System). The article further explains that it is potentially more economical, eco-friendly, and less time consuming as well as the most competent way of consequences, reducing the ever growing traffic congestion of the cities (Mass Transit).

Private vehicles emit twice as much carbon monoxide and economics harmful elements into cycle order, the environment than public vehicles and drastically reduce the amount of economics, traffic on the road that people who use the mass transit systems would normally cause by driving. Another point is that anyone is able to travel on mass transit systems regardless of their financial status because the Theories Lincoln, amount of friedman economics, money a person needs per trip is very low. This is opposite of the hybrid which, price-wise, can cost a bit more than their regular gasoline-powered counterparts (Richard). Essay? A major problem with hybrids is also the beefed up batteries that are more harmful to the environment than normal size car batteries. Hybrid cars typically use nickel metal hydride batteries which release more toxic chemicals as well as these huge batteries being so cumbersome to handle (Tintin) With advantages such as reduced traffic congestion, less time between destinations and cost-effectiveness that beats most other modes of transport, the mass transit system is a very reasonable way to save money and reduce pollution (Mass Transit). However, wherever there are advantages in a situation, there are likely to be disadvantages as well. The main drawback of the friedman economics, mass transportation system is that these public vehicles operate on a fixed schedule and travels only to certain destinations. Another huge problem for the argument of mass transportation is the men in advertising, initial cost for building the system is very high and involves construction on a massive scale (Mass Transit). These disadvantages are small when compared to the fact the mass transportation systems can only be incorporated in highly populated cities.

This is a huge problem for the switch from private vehicles to mass transportation. Friedman Economics? A large amount of Americas population reside in large cities, but it is simply not enough to start a revolution to mass transportation systems. Mass transportation is Theories Essay more cost-effective than hybrid cars, but both conserve energy and reduce pollution along with hybrid cars having the flexibility to be driven anywhere at anytime. Friedman Economics? This can be attributed to the current fueling flexibility of the of overpopulation, hybrid cars. Most hybrids run on both gasoline and electricity so fuel can either be pumped at a local gas station or power can be gained by plugging in the car at home or at a public charging station (U.S. Friedman Economics? Department of Energy). Hybrid cars may also be a good bit more expensive than their counterparts, but with a longer driving lifespan and with thousands saved on gasoline that isnt used when the electric motor is running, the cost-effectiveness is easily shown. Five Phases Process May Be Used To Provide Effective Nursing? The United States also imports more that 60% of its petroleum, most of which is friedman used by the transportation sector (U.S.

Department of Energy). This is a vast amount of money being spent on vehicles that is paid to other countries. The reliance on accounting cycle, other nations is not needed if hybrid cars become the mainstream vehicle. The conservation of energy and the reduction of pollution into our natural environment has been an everyday issue for economics, our government for years and it will still be a major issue for years to come. Hybrid cars can end this dependence on other countries for crude oil and reduce the Essay on Terrorist in Russia, amount of friedman, debris and pollution that comes from the gasoline-powered automobiles of today. This change would save enormous amounts of Terrorism Economy Essay, money in friedman economics, the long run, but the main reason the hybrids have posed to be such a fantastic idea is that a future energy crisis would be averted if automobiles ran on some type of power source besides gasoline, such as electricity. As the article from All Hybrid Cars states, hybrid cars are often referred to as the car of the cycle, era. The change from gasoline to electricity must begin soon if this nation is going to stop the potential threat of global warming. The cost-effectiveness and the eco-friendliness of the hybrid cars have been proven along with the potential future benefits of the green transportation revolution.

Hybrid cars are the first choice when it comes to finding a way to help out with the preservation of the environment or just looking to save money in the long run. Friedman Economics? Our atmosphere has suffered from the years of pollution that has been deployed into the atmosphere since the invention of the first automobile. This problem has been ongoing and relentless, and although it could be such devastation for humanity if this pollution continues, the people have the power to stop it but for the main part have chosen not to act or to even further harshen the situation. Consequences? Hybrid cars are the first step to economics, this change for good, this change towards the Essay Attacks, green transportation revolution. Advantages of Hybrid Cars. All Hybrid Cars . 12 Apr. 2012. Web. 12 Apr.

2012. Benefits of Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles. AFDC . U.S. Department of Energy, Oct. 2011. Web. 23 Mar. 2012. Environmental Impacts from Automobiles. EPA . United States Environmental Protection Agency, 23 Mar.

2012. Web. 23 Mar. 2012. Mass Transit System - Impacts, Advantages Disadvantages. EngPedia - The Engineering Encyclopedia . 12 Apr. 2012. Web. 12 Apr. 2012. Richard, Michael G. How to Go Green: Hybrid Cars.

Treehugger . Discovery, 9 Feb. 2007. Economics? Web. 23 Mar. 2012. Sherwood, Chris. What Are the Effects of Hybrid Cars? LIVESTRONG . Lance Armstrong Foundation, 17 May 2010. And The Economy? Web. Economics? 23 Mar. 2012.