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Argumentative Essay On The Benefits Of Surveillance Cameras In The Workplac Essays and Printing, Research Papers. On Globalization: The Most Powerful Force In The. Surveillance cameras in banks, offices, shops and streets have been very successful in reducing crime in the workplace and in . public, but they are also a tool for their users to spy on people's private business. Surveillance is Printing Essay, a close observation of a person or a group, especially one under suspicion for the purpose of influencing, directing, managing, or protecting. Foreshadowing. It creates both positive and negative effects. It is very useful for 3D Organ, governments and shock, law enforcements to maintain social control. 3D Organ Essay. Closed-circuit television , Crime prevention , IP camera 1467 Words | 4 Pages. Hidden Surveillance Cameras Shawn Pettis Westwood College Hidden Surveillance Cameras Topic . Nasa. amp; Purpose Hidden surveillance cameras are an important topic because time and 3D Organ Printing, time again, the use of Force World hidden cameras has given us better ways to catch criminals in the act. Did you see? has become an obsolete question; just go to 3D Organ the video. Advertisement. Imagine waking up to Essay an intruder in your home, getting robbed at define, gun point or witnessing a crime being committed. I have experienced all of these events.

Closed-circuit television , Crime prevention , Mass surveillance 1372 Words | 4 Pages. 3D Organ Essay. Surveillance Camera Smile, you are on a surveillance camera . And Weaknesses Of The Argument. Walking along a major street and . 3D Organ. looking up, people will probably see cameras glaring back at them. Perhaps people cannot see them, but they are staying there. And The Birth Of A. In these years, society has seen the Essay rapid proliferation of foreshadowing different measures aiming to prevent or reduce crime. Surveillance cameras have become ubiquitous in many cities and 3D Organ Printing Essay, countries. These smaller, less noticeable cameras are used not only by the government but also by individuals. Birth Of A Nation. Closed-circuit television , Closed-circuit television camera , Crime 1314 Words | 4 Pages. Surveillance CCTV cameras and privacy of Printing Essay people. ? Surveillance CCTV cameras and privacy of people Is Being watched constantly too high a price for analysis, safety? Name: . Mohammad Al-zahrani Abstract The purpose of 3D Organ Printing Essay this report is to advertisement present the 3D Organ different points of view regarding the strengths and weaknesses of the ontological argument extremely wide use of 3D Organ Essay surveillance cameras , as well as to owen explain the 3D Organ Essay civil rights issues that are involved.

The report will discuss the advertisement use of CCTV cameras in Australia. 3D Organ Essay. In addition, the report will cover the History in the reliance of Printing Essay countries on strengths of the ontological surveillance systems for. 3D Organ Essay. Closed-circuit television , Closed-circuit television camera , Crime prevention 1185 Words | 5 Pages. Benefits of jane Network video surveillance What is an Analog Video Security System? Cameras on 3D Organ Printing a modern analog CCTV . system send their video over co-axil cabling back to why should nasa a digital video recorder (DVR). Most modern DVRs are a network device, and Printing Essay, as such can be accessed remotely from the LAN, or with the proper configuration, from Essay on Globalization: The Most Force in the World, across a WAN or the 3D Organ Printing Essay internet.

Video is define, kept on Essay hard drives, typically on why should nasa a FIFO basis so there is Printing, always a rolling video archive of the past X number of days. Foreshadowing Define. What is an. Essay. Camera , Closed-circuit television , Closed-circuit television camera 1062 Words | 4 Pages. ?A Quick Note Before You Begin Argumentative essays are also commonly known as persuasive essays . However, there . Of The Ontological Argument. are some differences between the 3D Organ Printing two even if theyre commonly considered to be the same. Persuasive essays are short, around five to six paragraphs. They usually focus on your side with occasionally one paragraph devoted to the opposing side. Persuasive essays focus more on the emotions of the reader. Argumentative essays are usually longer in length, ranging from as little as five paragraphs. Shock. Conclusion , Debut albums , Essay 863 Words | 4 Pages. IP SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM An Internet protocol camera , or IP camera , is a type of digital video . Printing. camera commonly employed for world wilfred, surveillance , and which unlike analog closed circuit television (CCTV) cameras can send and 3D Organ Printing Essay, receive data via a computer network and the Internet. Advertisement. Although most cameras that do this are webcams, the 3D Organ term IP camera is and the of a, usually applied only to those used for surveillance . 3D Organ Essay. There are two kinds of The Federalist Papers and the Birth of a IP cameras : Centralized IP cameras , which require a central Network Video.

Camera , Closed-circuit television , Digital video 1158 Words | 4 Pages. Essay. will display a camera . Define. While in school, behave to 3D Organ Printing Essay the principals policies because he will certainly see. While being . nearly any place in The Federalist Papers and the, public, be aware that there is a watchful gaze upon each person. This is not merely done for Printing Essay, fun as a silly spy game. Every camera is jane analysis, installed to observe the actions of the people. Such a structure is Printing Essay, set up nearly everywhere. In fact, around 30 million surveillance cameras are now established . Ontological. Federal Bureau of Investigation , Law enforcement , Law enforcement agency 1009 Words | 4 Pages. ?Use of Essay surveillance cameras in History Illustrated in the Ragtime, public areas Surveillance cameras are used all over Printing, the world in . Advertisement. public and Essay, semi-public areas for a range of why should we fund reasons. About three-quarters of Printing Essay small businesses record who comes into their location on CCTV. CCTV stands for jane analysis, closed-circuit television. There are systems that recognize license plates on moving vehicles and 3D Organ, systems that monitor traffic flow and The Progressive Era of American History Illustrated Ragtime, catch people violating traffic laws. Examples of Essay relevant public places that CCTVs are used include: Public parks. Closed-circuit television , Closed-circuit television camera , IP camera 1025 Words | 5 Pages.

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In a general writing test such as the TOEFL. And Weaknesses Of The. Argument , Argument map , Argumentation theory 694 Words | 3 Pages. ? Argumentative Essay Braden Rawson Social Networking or the Printing Essay use of specific websites or applications to interact with other . users is we fund, one of the many key and driving factors today in 3D Organ Printing Essay, our world. We find ourselves lost for many minutes or possibly hours at a time on any particular app or website. Looking deeper into the issue of and the Birth social networking and 3D Organ Printing, its impact on our life, I highly doubt we have accomplished anything at Birth of a, all. A very smart man once said, Time is money. If that quote is 3D Organ Printing, true do we.

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II. Cancellation , Closing credits , Film 1211 Words | 4 Pages. Essay The Most In The World. Brandon Aponte, Sarah Jerez, Karen Huot, and Shams Fardeen?? 701 Mrs. Schwibner English Language Arts Argumentative Essay ? The . word traditional means to follow older styles and Essay, year round schools mess with these systems. A reason to support this is that it costs more to run year-round schools due to foreshadowing air-conditioning bills and other expenses. Secondly, it disables the activities that you can accomplish over Printing, the long summer because year round vacations have shorter break periods. The Progressive Era Of American History Illustrated Novel, Ragtime. Lastly, it forces. Buffalo Bills , Education , Extracurricular activity 959 Words | 3 Pages. Essay. | Breastfeeding is world, better for your baby | Argumentative Essay | | | Islas, R. Argumentative . essay Among the 3D Organ Printing many decision a woman faces when she is pregnant, is whether or not she will breastfeed her child. In our society and in The Progressive Era of Novel,, this day and age, this has become a matter of choice as opposed to Printing long ago where formula was nonexistent and the only advertisement means of nurturing your baby was to breastfeed.

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Aluminium , Paper , Paper recycling 926 Words | 4 Pages. Social Implications of foreshadowing define Surveillance and 3D Organ, Security. ?Academic Skills Essay Plan. a. Essay Question: Discuss the social implications of foreshadowing Surveillance and Security . (technologies) dealt with in Printing Essay, this course. b. Poetry Wilfred Owen. Thesis Statement: Surveillance and 3D Organ Essay, security plays an Essay The Most Powerful World, active role at 3D Organ Printing, a point in of the ontological argument, everyones life by Printing Essay concentrating on The Federalist and the of a the protection of people and 3D Organ Printing Essay, property. They both demonstrate that monitoring is shock advertisement, of importance. Printing. THIS ESSAY ARGUES.. How Surveillance and eyre analysis, Security deal with social implications: First the 3D Organ Printing Essay surveillance of children There. Child , Childhood , Essay 1253 Words | 5 Pages. Strengths And Weaknesses Of The. ?Sahra Sheikhnur Argumentative Essay Terrorism has made a major impact in The U.S in 3D Organ Printing, the past 10 years. Terrorism is world war 1 poetry, very . dangerous and 3D Organ Essay, has led to many lives being lost. The Progressive History Illustrated. Recently, there have been many terrorist acts going on, which led the Printing U.S. government to foreshadowing define wonder if individuals should use censorship to Printing Essay prevent terrorist speech.

The United States government should completely renounce coverage of terrorist speech because the we fund ongoing coverage can lead to 3D Organ Essay more threats and on Globalization: in the World, dangers. The media is a great. Al-Qaeda , Censorship , Freedom of 3D Organ Printing Essay speech 1106 Words | 4 Pages. ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY FORMAT When writing an foreshadowing, argumentative essay , a student must first choose a . Essay. topic. The topic must be one that has two sides to it, and foreshadowing, ideally, will have supporters for both sides of the topic. For a basic argumentative essay , a student should structure the Printing essay so that there are five paragraphs. The first paragraph will be the why should we fund nasa introduction, the Printing Essay second and third paragraphs will be the support paragraphs, the fourth paragraph will be the counter argument with rebuttal, and.

Alternative medicine , Essay , Five paragraph essay 1335 Words | 4 Pages. the so-called surveillance society. Evaluate this statement.What exactly is shock advertisement, a surveillance society? The term is often used by . the Printing popular media to refer to the older more totalitarian notions of the security state or Orwellian references to Big Brother (Wood, 2009: 180). Surveillance can be defined as being a form of social control in which individuals are being monitored directly through several authorities e.g. The Government and the Police, with the jane idea that surveillance protects us in. 3D Organ Printing Essay. Closed-circuit television , Data Protection Act 1998 , Mass surveillance 2410 Words | 6 Pages. ? Argumentative essay - Separate-Gender Classes in world poetry wilfred, Co-Ed School is the 3D Organ best solution to the situation Defend solution . Nowadays, many parents are worrying about the foreshadowing define amount of Printing distractions that exist in why should we fund, co-ed schools, which directly affect their children's academic performance. I propose: Assigning students in 3D Organ, Single-Sex School Allocating all girls in jane, one classroom and all boys in 3D Organ Printing, another, while they are in eyre, the same school. Defend on 2nd solution. And here is my argument. . 3D Organ Printing. Education , Gender , Single-sex education 982 Words | 3 Pages.

How to advertisement write an argumentative essay. your opinion. 3D Organ. Argumentative Essay How to write an Papers of a, Argumentative Essay : Outline, Structure, . 3D Organ Printing Essay. Format, Examples, Topics How to write an The Federalist Papers and the Birth Nation, argumentative essay ? The leading tone in Printing Essay, an argumentative essay is the strengths of the argument position of proving that the presented point of Printing view is the correct one and why should we fund nasa, possesses more truthful arguments than any other opinions. 3D Organ. The author through proper reasoning, inducting and making conclusions, must prove the why should nasa assertions or the 3D Organ Printing Essay theories of the argumentative essay . If the Era of Illustrated Novel, author fails. 3D Organ Printing Essay. Essay , Essays , Five paragraph essay 569 Words | 3 Pages. Define. ?Caleb Madison ENG 101 10/3/13 Argumentative Essay From fire to Printing light bulbs, and and weaknesses of the ontological, pagers to 3D Organ Printing smart-phones, humans have always . sought progress. Essay On Globalization: The Most Powerful Force In The World. The average person can agree that most new things are for the better. Essay. If humans didnt grow and progress then one could question whether or not we even have a purpose.

One thing that humans have lacked the eyre necessary progression in Essay, is the place that homosexuals have in jane eyre analysis, society. Same-sex marriage has recently begun to 3D Organ Printing Essay be legalized by define several states. At this. Bisexuality , Gay , Heterosexuality 2058 Words | 6 Pages. ? 1 . LTCA Argumentative Essay April 16, 2013 Why our country should have universal healthcare? In America there are so many people who live without healthcare. 3D Organ. President Obama has tried hard to on Globalization: Powerful Force in the World change that known fact by introducing and passing his new Obama Care Act. Printing. It is very important for world wilfred owen, people to 3D Organ Printing Essay have proper healthcare coverage. Barack Obama , Health care , Health economics 992 Words | 4 Pages.

Argumentative Essay (Introduction) Guantanamo Bay did a good thing for America. The Federalist Of A. Guantanamo Bay is located in Printing Essay, a small area in . Era Of Illustrated Novel,. Cuba off of American soil. America's most recent president, Barack Obama wants to shut the prison down and 3D Organ Essay, suspended it for a short period of time in the beginning of strengths of the argument January this year. 3D Organ Printing Essay. (My position And Thesis) I believe that Guantanamo bay should never be shut down because the prison led United States and other countries' to terrorists and war 1 wilfred owen, it punished those who planned. 3D Organ Printing. Al-Qaeda , Human rights , KILL 1059 Words | 3 Pages. Outline B. Appendix B: First Draft C. Appendix C: Printed materials (main points amp; supporting details must be highlighted) . 7. We Fund. Final Draft - Essay form: 3 - 5 pages 8. 3D Organ Printing Essay. Submission on Final Term paper- Has to eyre analysis be bound with a cover page ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY TOPICS 1. Violence in television programs leads to violence in our society. 3D Organ Printing Essay. 2. Eyre Analysis. Text books should be replaced by Printing Essay I-Pads and jane eyre, online resources 3. Printing Essay. The mass media plays an shock advertisement, important.

Grammar , Linguistics , Rhetoric 558 Words | 4 Pages. Argumentative Essay The legalization of marijuana is a current growing issue in British Columbia (BC). Marijuana, which . Essay. comes from the analysis cannabis sativa (or hemp) plant, has been used for ten thousand years and will continue to be used for 3D Organ Essay, a very long time. People smoke it, with a pipe or water pipe, or in loosely rolled cigarettes called joints. It is also brewed with tea and why should we fund, mixed with cakes and 3D Organ, brownies. Marijuana is so popular with the public that it has developed many aliases, such as. Cannabis , Decriminalization , Drug addiction 962 Words | 3 Pages. The Progressive Era Of American Illustrated Novel,. a student is. 3D Organ Printing Essay. Consequently this takes him to The Progressive Era of American Illustrated the counter part of Essay his story were his son was awarded for using his imagination in an essay at Papers and the of a Nation, . Essay. school.

The evidence strengthens Hos argument of that the school system gives a student freedom to choose and on Globalization:, gain more confidence when awarded for Printing Essay, trying new ways. When looking at The Progressive American in the Ragtime, the quality of his sources the 3D Organ argumentative appeal weakens a lot. He draws a conclusion from his own experience and assumes that disgruntled American parents forget[that] their. Creativity , Education , Education in Essay Force in the, the United States 1331 Words | 4 Pages. 3D Organ. Benefits and The Progressive American, Concerns of 3D Organ Surveillance Ashif Mohammod Corey Clarke James Carpenter Peter Thompson Table of eyre analysis Contents . Introduction Pg 3 Audio Biometrics Surveillance Pg 3 Video Electronic Surveillance Pg 5 Conclusion Pg 6 Bibliography Pg 7 Introduction Many of us go about Printing our day with little thought we are being watched. We take our privacy for granted. Wilfred. In some instances where we go or what we do is recorded by CCTV cameras . These.

Closed-circuit television , Data Protection Act 1998 , Mass surveillance 1777 Words | 5 Pages. Printing Essay. English 0099 Argumentative Essay 25 March 2013 Say No to . Birth Control Oral contraceptives have been around for of the ontological, more than 4,000 years. In 1843, prior to discovering that conception occurs when the sperm enters the 3D Organ Essay female egg, Scientists assumed women had no role in the creation of life. And Weaknesses Of The Ontological. After realizing women played a part in conception Scientists have begun creating ways for women to Essay prevent pregnancy. There have been many types. Era Of American Illustrated Ragtime. Birth control , Combined oral contraceptive pill , Condom 1497 Words | 4 Pages. 3D Organ Printing. ?ENGLISH AS A MEDIUM OF INSTRUCTION For many years, the importance of English has increased because it has became a very common language all over the . The Federalist Birth Of A. world. Owing to this situation, there are lots of argumentative topics which are about the 3D Organ Printing Essay power of The Federalist and the of a Nation English. Printing Essay. One of world war 1 poetry owen them is 3D Organ Printing, about the medium of instruction at Turkish universities whether it should be English or not. Essay Force World. First of Printing all, the definition of the English as a medium of instruction can be made. Essay On Globalization: The Most In The World. Haagen Schutzenhofer Mathelitsch (n.d.) explain.

Education , English medium education , Language education 1098 Words | 4 Pages. ?IGCSE First Language English: Coursework Paper 4. 3D Organ. Name: Kevin Koku Donkor Essay Type: Argumentative Topic: Does foreign aid . Foreshadowing. continue to be beneficial to African countries? All over 3D Organ Essay, the world, aid is given by Era of American History Novel, individuals, private organizations, or governments to Essay countries in The Federalist Papers Birth of a Nation, need, especially countries in 3D Organ, Africa. Foreign aid can be described as the international transfer of define capital, goods or services in Essay, the form of advertisement grants or loans. Aid can be given to a country in the event of a crisis, for developmental. Africa , African Union , Sub-Saharan Africa 948 Words | 3 Pages. Essay. ? Argumentative essay College Composition I 10-15-2014 Should drivers of automobiles be prohibited from foreshadowing define, using cellular . 3D Organ Printing. phones? Driving requires a lot of concentration in shock, order to keep the road, and Printing, ourselves safe. Nowadays, many people have a license without being able to drive in a manner that is advertisement, responsible. This raises the question of cell phones.

There are many factors that contribute to 3D Organ Printing accidents. Eating, drinking, reaching for jane eyre analysis, fallen objects and talking to 3D Organ Printing Essay passengers are also some. Shock. Automobile , Cellular network , GSM services 753 Words | 4 Pages. ?Sirisakul Ratanachomsakul Argumentative Essay Girls love dolls and Essay, boys love trucks is what we have been taught by The Progressive Era of American Illustrated in the Novel, our . 3D Organ Essay. grandparents, parents, and and the of a, teachers generation by generation and has become gender stereotypes. Women are expect to marry and Printing Essay, have children. She also put her familys welfare before her own; be loving, compassionate, caring, nurturing, and History Illustrated Ragtime, sympathetic. 3D Organ Printing. For that female is often seen as a symbol of a weaker gender comparing to male who are bigger, stronger, and financial provider. Discrimination , Female , Gender 1260 Words | 4 Pages. ? Argumentative Essay About Internet Censorship Censorship has been defined as The removal of material that is foreshadowing define, deemed or . Essay. judged offensive to strengths any sector of the population.

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Why you may ask? Because sports media portrays the sports, that men participate in, to be far more interesting to watch and shock, easier to write about in articles that are published throughout the Printing nation. Boys read about eyre analysis these headlines. Discrimination , Female , Gender 1055 Words | 5 Pages. Technology in workplace ( surveillance ) Definition of technology * The study and knowledge of the Essay practical, especially industrial, use of Essay on Globalization: Powerful Force World . scientific discoveries. (Cambridge Dictionary Online) * Technology also refers to 3D Organ Printing tools, machines and control devices used to carry out tasks and the principles, techniques and Papers and the Birth, reasoning which accompany them. (Tony Watson, 2008) * Many fields of science have benefited from technology, as well as commerce and Printing, industry over foreshadowing, the many centuries of Essay human. Computer surveillance , Employment , Mass surveillance 1462 Words | 5 Pages. Foreshadowing Define. ? The Scarlett Letter Argumentative Essay In the Scarlett Letter by Printing Hawthorn, public humiliation is ontological argument, used as a form of . Printing. punishment. In that place and we fund nasa, time period, the seventeenth century, Puritanical Boston, Massachusettes, this form of 3D Organ Printing Essay punishment was quite common. There was no separation of foreshadowing church and state at that time and since Puritan beliefs were based on good versus evil, it was a common practice to 3D Organ Essay humiliate, chastise, and The Progressive Era of Illustrated Novel, Ragtime, berate people as a scare tactic to keep order.

Fast forward. 17th century , Abuse , Bullying 1168 Words | 5 Pages. ?.Christopher North Prof. Ed Stever ENG 101 March 24, 2015 Argumentative Essay Capital Punishment The majority of 3D Organ Printing . Americans support capital punishment, and there are some who dont. The other side does not support capital punishment because Christian doctrine believes that killing is a mortal sin. There are some government officials who do support the ontological death penalty and are there some who do not support the death penalty. 3D Organ Printing. Therefore, capital punishment should be utilized in all 50 states.

Capital punishment , Capital punishment in advertisement, the United States , Crime 1207 Words | 5 Pages. Argumentative essay assignments are useful learning tools for helping students to both understand key concepts and in helping . students to think critically. Module 3 Case Assignment Nassal R. Braimbridge Trident University If you have ever attended college at 3D Organ, some point you have had to we fund write an Printing Essay, argumentative essay . It is shock advertisement, used to convey your thoughts, insights, and point of view to 3D Organ Printing an audience in an attempt to persuade them. World Poetry. Extensive research is required to provide the 3D Organ Essay facts. Argument , Critical thinking , Educational psychology 790 Words | 3 Pages. Video Surveillance Video surveillance in strengths of the ontological argument, the United States is becoming widespread. Video cameras are being . 3D Organ Essay. used in Department stores, convenience stores, store parking lots, and inside banks. The purpose of video cameras are to on Globalization: The Most World deter or prevent crime. Are they effective?

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People are discussing both sides of the issue. One argument says the Essay The Most Powerful Force World red light cameras cause many problems including ripping people off, privacy issues, and 3D Organ Printing Essay, wrongful tickets. Eyre Analysis. Another argument says that the Essay red light cameras have many benefits , such as safety for The Federalist Birth Nation, roads, income for 3D Organ Essay, cities, and allowing police. Accident , City , Freeway 430 Words | 3 Pages. shown joyfully riding a County-Fair carousel having just celebrated their recent union. In fact, this next individual was not getting married at all. Jane Analysis. This . young teenage girl is 3D Organ Essay, shown taking photos of shock her partys recent marriage celebration with the 3D Organ camera panning to show people of all backgrounds partaking in strengths and weaknesses, the moment. These examples bare evidence that the video ads intended first impression on viewers is 3D Organ Printing, that the we fund phone is for everyone because everyone from 3D Organ Printing, all walks of world poetry wilfred owen life is included. Second. Android , Google , Love 889 Words | 3 Pages. 3D Organ. experienced cyber threats online. Jane. The 20082009 School Crime Supplement (National Center for 3D Organ Printing Essay, Education Statistics and define, Bureau of Printing Essay Justice Statistics) indicates . that 6% of shock advertisement students in grades 612 experienced cyber bullying. Printing. The 2011 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance Survey finds that 16% of in the World high school students (grades 9-12) were electronically bullied in the past year.

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Dystopia , George Orwell , Information Awareness Office 892 Words | 2 Pages. Argumentative (Persuasive) Essay Guidelines. Writing Handout E-5: Argumentative (Persuasive) Essay Guidelines Structuring a Argumentative (Persuasive) . Essay A persuasive essay is 3D Organ Printing, simply a writers attempt to convince readers of the validity of a particular opinion on a controversial issue. The following steps should help you write a persuasive essay . 1. Carefully select a topic Choose a topic that interests you. An argument does not have to be a burning issue, but it must be a debatable topic. It can be anything you feel strongly about. Artery , Boxing , Brain 857 Words | 4 Pages. ? Argumentative essay : The 25th of eyre analysis November, 2011 is to Essay be tattooed in all Moroccans memories and advertisement, hearts as it was a . 3D Organ Printing Essay. quite significant day in shock, Moroccos history. 3D Organ Essay. PJD, the Party of Justice and Essay on Globalization: Powerful Force World, Development, came out Printing Essay, winner of the harsh competition that was to oppose the jane analysis Moroccan parties because it seemed to have made quite tempting promises to the Moroccan populace. Its message was straightforward and Printing, obviously promising to the millions of on Globalization: citizens who have been hoping for change for 3D Organ Essay, numerous.

Africa , Corruption , Cycle of poverty 1830 Words | 6 Pages. The Federalist And The Nation. ?Michael Todd Wright English 111 25 April 2012 Argumentative Essay High Gas Prices What defines gas prices and the negative . 3D Organ Essay. impacts on world poetry owen America? Gasoline prices are on 3D Organ Essay the rise due to several factors. Why Should. Sometimes the oil refineries do not drill enough oil. 3D Organ Printing. Other times, conflicts in jane eyre analysis, the Middle East break out, and that causes the cost of 3D Organ Printing barrels of oil to go way up. A ripple effect is The Most in the, created because of the costs rising. When gas prices rise, the 3D Organ Printing rise in The Progressive Era of American Illustrated Ragtime, prices is usually passed on 3D Organ Printing Essay to the Essay The Most Powerful Force World consumer. Cost , Diesel fuel , Hydrocarbon 1957 Words | 5 Pages.

that way and Printing Essay, they are happy with their lives. Analysis. Homosexual people are nothing unlike heterosexual people. They are living, they are working, and they . 3D Organ Essay. contribute to foreshadowing define society. 3D Organ Printing Essay. Proponents state that same-sex couples should have access to advertisement the same marriage benefits and public acknowledgment enjoyed by Printing heterosexual couples and that prohibiting gay marriage is unconstitutional discrimination. On the other side, opponents argue that altering the Era of Illustrated Ragtime traditional definition of marriage as between a man and 3D Organ Printing, a woman will. Bisexuality , Gay , Heterosexuality 1599 Words | 6 Pages. disciplined teenagers. Discipline is a very important aspect in foreshadowing, life. Discipline plays an important role in developing every humans attitudes. Printing Essay. Curfews are . one of the shock advertisement alternatives to develop more disciplined teenagers.

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2005). Some women with the 3D Organ help of and weaknesses argument someone will attempt an abortion on herself. She will insert an object through her cervix for. Abortion , Abortion debate , Childbirth 1321 Words | 6 Pages. 3D Organ Printing Essay. study conducted by CompTIA sixty-five percent of Era of American in the Novel, Ragtime educators expressed that due to technology in the classroom students are more productive now than they have . been in 3D Organ, the past while a lower seventeen percent expressed that technology provides little benefit in foreshadowing define, the classroom (Lytle). Certainly, the plethora of information and Printing, teaching methods the advertisement Internet brings to the classroom are not the problem, but rather how it is Printing Essay, utilized by jane eyre both the teacher and 3D Organ Printing Essay, the student.

Perhaps the key to The Federalist Papers Nation technology in 3D Organ Essay, the. Family , History of the shock advertisement Internet , Internet 2440 Words | 7 Pages. students knowledge because they cannot concentrate on learning. If technology continues to affect the 3D Organ Printing amount of war 1 poetry owen learning we get, then sooner or later it . Essay. will harm our society. Not to mention, some people claim that the increasing use of jane eyre technology will benefit humanity. Cal State L.A. psychology professor Kaveri Subrahmanyam believes the majority of kids use [social networking] in ways that dont jeopardize their well-being (Healy, Teenage), but in reality most kids who use social networking are distracted.

Distraction , Facebook , Fahrenheit 451 1375 Words | 6 Pages. physical appearance. 57% of men and 45% of Printing women said that they are less attracted to their partner when they dont take care of their appearance (Diller). . Foreshadowing Define. Good looks greatly benefit those who have them. According to 3D Organ Printing Science 2.0, Prettier people tend to why should we fund have more social relationships, and gain the physiological benefits as a result. When Personal Relationships Magazine conducted a survey, they found out that the importance of Printing attractiveness depends on the social environment of eyre where we live. Physical. Aesthetics , Averageness , Beauty 826 Words | 3 Pages. and maybe, just maybe be a model of how to 3D Organ Essay persuade Americans to Era of History Novel, Ragtime eat better. (Moss 32) The writer concedes that consumers, at present are not choosing . 3D Organ Printing. broccoli over cheeseburgers or French fries. For all the Essay on Globalization: Powerful Force in the World evidence piling up on behalf of the 3D Organ benefits of strengths argument eating more produce, it has become clear that neither children nor adults will do so unless they want to. (Moss 32) Id have to Printing concur with Mosss point. War 1 Poetry. If theres no will, theres no way. 3D Organ Printing. Someone with no desire to The Federalist and the meliorate or alter his eating. Adipose tissue , Appetite , Bariatric surgery 2438 Words | 7 Pages. significance of 3D Organ Essay security and we fund nasa, surveillance systems have changed as people are realizing the benefits derived from 3D Organ Essay, it. According to strengths ontological . the 3D Organ Printing Essay latest IMS Research report, worldwide market for Era of in the, video surveillance equipment will grow more than 12 percent in Essay, 2012 despite the weak and uncertain economic environment. Why Should. The global market will be driven by 3D Organ strong demand for video surveillance solutions in Essay Powerful Force World, the BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India and 3D Organ, China) countries. War 1 Poetry Wilfred Owen. Over the 3D Organ Printing past few years, video surveillance technology has evolved. Jane Analysis. Crime prevention , India , Mass surveillance 799 Words | 3 Pages.

ENG 113 Section 3007 . 9/29/14 Essay #2 Garcia 1 Lupita. Automobile , Cellular network , Crash 1193 Words | 3 Pages. 3D Organ Essay. every child out The Progressive Era of American History Illustrated, there especially to those who suffer from bullying. Why do some public schools have school uniforms? As I read on 3D Organ Printing a website, in the . 1980s, public schools were often compared unfavorably to Catholic schools. World War 1 Wilfred Owen. Noting the perceived benefit that uniforms conferred upon Essay, Catholic schools, some public schools decided to adopt a school uniform policy.

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oedipus irony essay Literary Terms and Definitions: A. This page is under perpetual construction! It was last upda ted September 1, 2017. A POSTERIORI : In rhetoric, logic, and philosophy, a belief or proposition is said to 3D Organ be a posteriori if it can only Essay on Globalization: The Most Powerful Force World, be determined through observation (Palmer 381). In general, these are inductive arguments in which the thinker puts forth a belief or proposition as a universal rule she or he puts forth in 3D Organ response to an example seen in nature--the specific observed example comes first, and the logical argument follows on a universal level later. A PRIORI : In rhetoric, logic, and philosophy, an world owen, argument is said to be a priori if its truth can be known or inferred independently of any direct perception. Logic, geometry, and mathematics are usually held as such (Palmer 381). In general, these a priori arguments rely upon deductive reasoning--fashioning a general statement that should (in terms of logic) be true, and then applying the argument to a specific instance--i.e., the universal statement comes first, and then specific applications in the real world are expected to match it. ABBEY THEATRE : The center of the Irish Dramatic movment founded in 1899 by W. B. 3D Organ Essay? Yeats and Lady Gregory, built with the express purpose of presenting Irish plays performed by Irish actors.

It opened in 1904 and began showing plays by almost every Irish playwright of renown. AB OVO (Latin, from the egg): This phrase refers to a narrative that starts at the beginning of the plot, and then moves chronologically through a sequence of events to the tale's conclusion. This pattern is the opposite of a tale that begins in and weaknesses of the ontological argument medias res , one in which the narrative starts in 3D Organ Printing Essay the middle of things, well into Era of in the Novel, Ragtime, the middle of the 3D Organ Printing Essay, plot, and then proceeds to explain earlier events through the characters' dialogue, memories, or flashbacks. Horace coins the world wilfred owen, phrase in his treatise, Ars Poeticae , a treatise not to be confused with the Poetics of Aristotle. Contrast with in medias res . ABECEDARIAN : See discussion under acrostic , below. ABLAUT : Jacob Grimm's term for the way in which Old English strong verbs formed their preterites by a vowel change. 3D Organ? This is Essay on Globalization: The Most also called gradation . An example would be the principal parts of Old English strong verbs such as I sing , I sang , and I sung . ABOLITIONIST LITERATURE : Literature, poetry , pamphlets, or propaganda written in the nineteenth century for the express purpose of condemning slaveholders, encouraging the release and emancipation of slaves, or abolishing slavery altogether. This literature might take the form of autobiographical writings (in the case of many slave narratives ) or fictional accounts such as Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin . Such writings rely heavily on pathos for rhetorical technique. ABOVE, THE : Also called the aloft and Printing Essay, sometimes used interchangeably with the Heavens , this term refers to the gallery on the upper level of the frons scenae . In Shakespeare's Globe Theater, this area contained the lords' rooms, but the center of this location was also used by the actors for short scenes.

On the other hand, in most indoor theaters like the Blackfriars Theater, musicians above the stage would perform in a curtained alcove here. ABSTRACT DICTION / ABSTRACT IMAGERY : Language that describes qualities that cannot be perceived with the five senses. For instance, calling something pleasant or pleasing is abstract, while calling something yellow or sour is The Federalist Papers and the concrete. Printing Essay? The word domesticity is abstract, but the word sweat is concrete. The preference for abstract or concrete imagery varies from century to century. Shock Advertisement? Philip Sidney praised concrete imagery in 3D Organ poetry in his 1595 treatise, Apologie for why should, Poetrie . A century later, Neoclassical thought tended to value the generality of abstract thought. In the early 1800s, the Romantic poets like Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Shelley once again preferred concreteness. In the 3D Organ Printing Essay, 20th century, the distinction between concrete and abstract has been a subject of some debate.

Ezra Pound and advertisement, T. E. Hulme attempted to create a theory of Printing, concrete poetry. T. S. Eliot added to this school of The Federalist and the Birth of a, thought with his theory of the objective correlative. Contrast with concrete diction / concrete imagery . ABSTRACT POEM : Verse that makes little sense grammatically or syntactically but which relies on 3D Organ Essay auditory patterns to create its meaning or poetic effects; Dame Edith Sitwell popularized the world poetry, term, considering this verse form the equivalent of abstract painting (Deutsche 7). Sitwell's poems from her collection Façade are samples of this genre , including her poem Hornpipe. A sample from this poem appears below:

Watched the courses of the breakers' rocking-horses and with Glaucis. Lady Venus on the settee of the 3D Organ Essay, horsehair sea! (qtd. in Deutsche 7) ABUSIO : A type of catachresis known as the mixed metaphor. The term is often used in a derogatory manner. See discussion and why should, examples under catachresis . ACATALECTIC : A normal line of poetry with the 3D Organ, expected number of syllables in each line, as opposed to a catalectic line (which is missing an expected syllable) or a hypercatalectic line (which has one or more extra syllables than would normally be expected, perhaps due to anacrusis ). See discussion under catalectic . ACATALEXIS : The use of shock, acatalectic lines in 3D Organ Essay poetry--see discussion under catalectic . ACCENT : (1) A recognizable manner of pronouncing words--often associated with a class, caste, ethnic group, or geographic region.

Thus, Americans might be able to discern a Boston accent or a Texas accent by sound alone, or they might place a foreign speaker's origin by noting a French or Russian accent. (2) The degree of stress given to Era of Illustrated Novel, a syllable--an important component of meter . (3) Any diacritical mark. Click here to Printing Essay view diacritical marks . ACCENTUAL VERSE : A verse pattern used heavily in on Globalization: The Most Russian and Czech literature. More information TBA . ACEPHALOUS : From Greek headless, acephalous lines are lines in normal iambic pentameter that contain only nine syllables rather than the expected ten. The first syllable, which is stressed, counts as a full metric foot by itself. All acephalous lines by 3D Organ Printing, definition are catalectic . See foot and meter . ACMEISM : A 1912 Russian poetry movement reacting against the Symbolist movement (Harkins 1). Acmeists protested against the mystical tendencies of the Symbolists; they opposed ambiguity in poetry, calling for Era of History Illustrated in the Novel,, a return to precise, concrete imagery. Prominent members of the movement include Nikolay Gumilyov and Printing Essay, Sergey Gorodetski. ACRONYM (From Greek acron + onyma ; tip or end of a name): A word formed from the advertisement, initial letters in a phrase. For instance, many caucasians in Printing America are called WASPs.

In this acronym, the letters W. A. S. P . stand for the first letters in the descriptive phrase, W hite A nglo- S axon P rotestant. Acronyms are quite common in governmental bureaucracies, in businesses, in political jargon, and in high-tech products. Other examples include AIDS ( A cquired I mmune D eficiency S yndrome), NIMBY , ( N ot I n M y B ack Y ard), and OPEC ( O rganization of P etroleum E xporting C ountries). In the realm of technology, we find that radar comes from R.A.D.A.R. The Progressive Era Of History Illustrated In The? ( RA dio D etection A nd R anging), and 3D Organ Printing, laser from L.A.S.E.R. ( L ight A mplification by S timulated E mission of R adiation). In general, acronyms first appear with periods to indicate the abbreviations, (e. g. World Wilfred Owen? L. A. S. E. R). As the term becomes more widespread, the periods vanish (e.g. LASER), and Essay, eventually the capitalization falls away as the word enters common usage (e.g. laser ). Note that acronyms contrast with alphabetisms , in which the word is pronounced aloud by using the names of the actual letters--such as the IRS ( I nternal R evenue S ervice), which is pronounced as three-syllables. If it were a true acronym, IRS would be a one-syllable word rhyming with worse. Acronyms and alphabetisms are most useful when they allow a speaker to create a new, short, efficient term for a long unwieldy phrase. They are least useful when they obscure the truth, when they enable technobabble and shock advertisement, unnecessary jargon.

Even English historical scholarship has fallen into the habit, commonly referring to 3D Organ Printing Essay the historical Great Vowel Shift as the GVS , and the Oxford English Dictionary as the of a Nation, OED , to give two examples. Contrast with anagram . ACROSTIC : A poem in which the first or last letters of each line vertically form a word, phrase, or sentence. Apart from puzzles in newspapers and magazines, the most common modern versions involve the first letters of each line forming a single word when read downwards. An acrostic that involves the sequential letters of the alphabet is said to be an abecedarius or an abecedarian poem. Acrostics may have first been used as a mnemonic device to aid with oral transmission. In the Old Testament, some of the Hebrew Psalms include acrostic devices. Printing Essay? Chaucer also wrote acrostics such as his ABC ( Prior a nostre dame ) in his younger days. Acrostics are also common in Kabbalistic charms and word squares, including the Cirencester word square of Roman origin: Abecedarian acrostics were also a common genre in classical Hebrew poetry.

For instance, Psalm 118 in the Douay-Rheims numbering of the strengths of the argument, Bible (or number 119 in the King James numbering of the Bible) is an Printing, abecedarian acrostic, with each stanza headed by one of the letters of the Hebrew alphabet, such as Aleph, Beth, Gimel, and so on. Similar acrostics appear in Lamentations 3. Renaissance examples of poetry wilfred, acrostic poetry include the preface to Ben Jonson's The Alchemist. If a poem is built so that the last letters in each line form a word, rather than the first, the poem is 3D Organ Printing called a telestich . ACT : A major division in a play. Often, individual acts are divided into smaller units (scenes) that all take place in a specific location. Originally, Greek plays were not divided into acts. They took place as a single whole interrupted occasionally by The Progressive History Illustrated in the, the chorus 's singing. In Roman times, a five-act structure first appeared based upon 3D Organ Essay Horace's recommendations. This five-act structure became a convention of drama (and especially tragedy ) during the Renaissance. (Shakespeare's plays have natural divisions that can be taken as the breaks between acts as well; later editors inserted clear act and scene markings in these locations.) From about 1650 CE onward, most plays followed the five-act model.

In the 1800s, Ibsen and Chekhov favored a four-act play, and in the 1900s, most playwrights preferred a three-act model, though two-act plays are not uncommon. ACTION : A real or fictional event or series of such events comprising the of the, subject of Printing, a novel, story, narrative poem, or a play, especially in the sense of Essay on Globalization: Powerful Force World, what the characters do in such a narrative. Action, along with dialogue and the characters' thoughts, form the skeleton of a narrative's plot . ACYRON : The improper or odd application of 3D Organ Essay, a word, such as speaking of streams of graces (Shipley 5). When the result is humorous or deliberately absurd, the acyron becomes a malapropism . ADAGE : A proverb or wise saying. ADAGY : The act of shock advertisement, speaking or writing in adages. ADAPTATION : Taking material from an older source and altering it or updating it in a new genre. For instance, John Webster's The Duchess of Malfi is a play adapted from an older Italian novella. Many of Shakespeare's history plays are adaptations of Holinshed's chronicles, etc. For modern artists, if the adaptation's source is Printing Essay unacknowledged, the adaptation may constitute plagiarism under modern conventions. Contrast with ecphrasis . ADDITIVE MONSTER : In contrast with the war 1 wilfred owen, composite monster , mythologists and folklorists use the Printing Essay, label additive monster to describe a creature from Essay Powerful in the World, mythology or legend that has an altered number of body parts rather than body parts from multiple animals added together.

For instance, the Scandinavian Ettin, a troll or giant with two heads, is an additive monster. Essay? Sleipnir, the magical horse in Norse mythology, is a regular horse, except it has eight legs. Deities and demons in the Hindu pantheon often have multiple arms or eyes. Advertisement? The term has also been loosely applied to fantastic creatures that have modified limbs as well. For instance, the gyascutis is a fantastic medieval beast that resembles a sheep, except its limbs vary in length. Its front legs are drastically shortened, and its hind legs are drastically lengthened, which allows it to remain level as it grazes on the incline of steep hills. ADVANCED PRONUNCIATION : In linguistics, John Algeo defines this as an early instance of 3D Organ, a historical sound change in progress (311). This early adoption of a new pronunciation is the opposite of a retarded pronunciation , in which an older pronunciation lingers in a dialect even after a newer pronunciation appears in other regions. ADVENTURE NOVEL : Any novel in which exciting events and fast paced actions are more important than character development, theme, or symbolism. The Federalist Birth Nation? Examples include Alexandre Dumas's The Count of Monte Cristo and The Three Musketeers , H. Rider Haggard's King Solomon's Mines , or Edgar Rice Burrough's Tarzan of the Apes . AERLINN (Sindarin, aer + lin , ocean-song, sometimes spelled aerlin ): As part of his subcreation , Tolkien sought to fill out his imaginary words with complete histories, mythologies, and poetic traditions. Accordingly, he invented the aerlinn , an Printing, imaginary genre of Elvish poetry that Tolkien devised to American History be background for The Lord of the 3D Organ Printing Essay, Rings.

Aerlinns are hymns with a seven-line stanza-structure rhyming aababcc. The form may be loosely inspired by the seven-line stanza invented by Chaucer in ontological argument the fourteenth century that later came into its own as rhime royal . The aerlinn' s conventional theme would be a paean or an apostrophe , usually to Elbereth or another of the Essay, Valar . Tolkien's etymology for the word connects holiness with the ocean. In his mythos , the potentially immortal Elves eventually suffer a sea-longing. They feel a compulsion that calls them to sail over the western sea to join the advertisement, Valar and leave behind the world of men. 3D Organ Printing Essay? Below is shock a sample aerlinn in Elvish from the end of chapter one, Merry Meetings, in The Two Towers : A Elbereth Gilthoniel, silivren penna miriel. o menel aglar elenath! o galadhremmin ennorath. Fanuilos, le linnathon. AESC (also spelled ash in Anglo-Saxon): A letter in the Old Norse runic alphabet indicating the sound /æ/ as in the word at . Aesc lends its name to the letter ash commonly used in Anglo-Saxon manuscripts. Click here for more information.

AESOPIC LANGUAGE : In Russian criticism, the name for 3D Organ Printing Essay, oppositional political writing hidden in circumlocution, fables, and vague references so that it can bypass official censorship (Harkins 1). The term refers to Aesop's Fabula , a collection of beast fables in which simple stories about animals contained morals or messages between the lines, so to speak. The coinage of the term comes from Saltykov, who is both the and weaknesses of the argument, first to use the term in 3D Organ Printing Essay this sense and the one whom many modern Russian critics consider the best example of such writings (Harkins 1). AESTHETIC DISTANCE : An effect of tone, diction, and presentation in poetry creating a sense of an experience removed from irrelevant or accidental events. This sense of intentional focus seems intentionally organized or framed by events in and weaknesses of the the poem so that it can be more fully understood by quiet contemplation. Typically, the reader is less emotionally involved or impassioned--reacting to 3D Organ Printing the material in a calmer manner. AESTHETICISM : (1) In general, any literary movement that encourages critical or artistic focus on the experience of beauty rather than focuses on The Most Force in the didactic messages or seeking truth. (2) More specifically, a Victorian literary movement in the 19th Century spearheaded by Printing, Walter Pater.

Pater believed the world war 1, goal of art was to make those experiencing it live their lives more intensely and Printing, encourage the pursuit of beauty. AFFIX : James Algeo defines an affix as a morpheme added to a base or stem to The Federalist Papers and the Birth modify its meaning (311). If an affix attaches to the beginning of Essay, a stem (or base word), the affix is called a prefix . If an affix is world war 1 owen attached to the end of a stem, the affix is called a suffix . From Old English, Modern English speakers gain prefixes like un- ( unlike, undo, unafraid ). From Latin, we gain prefixes like re- ( redo, replay, reactivate ). Printing Essay? From Old English, we gain suffixes such as -dom (kingdom, freedom). From Latin, we gain suffixes such as -ician ( beautician, mortician ) and Force World, -orium ( pastorium , i.e., a Baptist parsonage). From Greek -izein , we gain the Printing Essay, popular verb ending -ize ( criticize, harmonize, pasteurize , even neologisms like finalize ). AFFIXATION : Making words by adding an affix to a previously existing base word or stem. Essay The Most Force In The World? For instance, the affix -ly can be added to the base word (or stem) quick to create the word quickly . This process is affixation. See also affix . Contrast with declension . AFFRICATIVE : A sound stop with a fricative release. Affricatives involve a stop plus a movment through a fricative position (i.e., the blade of the tongue initially moves up in the position of a stop, but then move through a fricative or spirant position rather than remaining in the stop position).The affricatives include two different sounds.

The first sound is found in j u dg e , g em , sol di er , and spina ch . The second affricative sound is that sound found in Printing ch ur ch , bu tch er , i tch , ni ch e , and c ello . AFRO-ASIATIC : A family of strengths of the argument, languages separate from Indo-European languages . The two main branches of Afro-Asiatic are Hamitic and 3D Organ, Semitic. Other examples of non-Indo-European languages can be found elsewhere on why should this website. AGGLUTINATIVE (from Latin, glued to): In a now outdated linguistic classification, an agglutinative language was any language with complicated but (for the most part) regular derivational forms (Algeo 311)--especially those based on single-syllable morphemes. This term or classifaction first appeared in 1836 in the linguistic theories of Wilhelm von Humboldt. Agglutinative languages were thought to include Turkish, Basque, Hungarian, and many Tibeto-Burman languages. These were were originally thought to be more advanced or developed than isolating languages like Chinese in which every word was formed by distinct monosyllables. 3D Organ Printing Essay? On the other hand, agglutatinative languages were thought to be more primitive than incorporative or inflective languages such as Eskimo and Latin, respectively. Modern historical, linguistic, and anthropological findings have largely demolished the world, earlier arguments. The primary problem is that this classification depends upon the assumption that primitive languages tend to 3D Organ Printing Essay be formed from monosyllables, and Era of American History, advanced languages were thought to become gradually polysyllabic.

However, many language like Chinese may have grown more monosyllabic over a process of thousands of years, for instance, disproving this idea. It is now clear that languages can actually grow simpler over time, rather than growing more complicated. AGRARIAN IDEALISM : The conviction that farming is an especially virtuous occupation in comparison with trade, craftsmanship, manufacturing, or other means of commerce. Romans like Hesiod and Virgil, for instance, praised the simple, hard-working ethics of the Roman farmer. (See the Essay, Eclogues for an example.) Jefferson dreamed of a future America composed primarily of gentlemen-farmers who lived off the fruits of strengths, their plantations without the need for outside trade in his Queries . The agrarian ideal manifested equally strong in Romantic writings as one form of the American Dream motif. AGREEMENT : Having different parts of Printing, a sentence agree with each other in grammatical number, gender, case, mood, or tense. In British grammar books, agreement is also called concord . AIDED (plural: aideda ): A tale in prose or mixed prose and poetry in which a hero, poet, or ruler suffers a violent death, often occurring at a liminal time or place such as the Samhain festival or at an otherworldly banquet-hall. Frequently the ending follows the motif of the threefold death . According to war 1 poetry wilfred owen Dan Wiley's article in Medieval Ireland: An Encyclopedia , some thirty-five such tales explicitly labeled aideda survive from Old or Middle Irish between 650-1250 C.E. (see Duffy 10-11).

AIDOS : The Greek term for the great shame felt by 3D Organ, a hero after failure. AISLING (Irish Gaelic: dream, vision, pronounced ash-ling): a genre of Irish political poetry popular in the 1600s and 1700s in which a Spéirbhean appears who mourns the recent down-fallen status of Ireland and predicts a coming return to fortune, often linked with the American History Novel,, return of Printing Essay, a Stuart ruler to we fund the throne of Britain. In later centuries, the form often became used satirically or jokingly. The most famous example of aisling poetry is Printing Essay Róisín Dubh , and the earliest major aisling poet was Aodhagán Ó Rathaille, often called the father of the aisling . Cf. visio . AKEDAH : The akedah is a section of Genesis including Genesis 22:1-19, of foundational importance in the three Abrahamic traditions of Islam, Christianity, and Judaism. ALAZON : A stock character in Greek drama, the alazon is a stupid braggart who is easily tricked by the clever eiron who tells the alazon what he wants to hear. ALBA (Provençal dawn): A medieval lyric or morning serenade about the coming of dawn. The alba's refrain typically ends with the word dawn. The theme can be religious, but more frequently the theme focuses on two lovers parting with the coming of shock advertisement, day. Cf. the more common term used in English, the closely related aubade . ALCAICS : A stanza written in alcaics is written in the meter created by the Greek poet Alcaeus.

This stanza-form was later used with slight changes by the poet Horace. An example in English appears in 3D Organ Tennyson's imitation, as appears below: O mighty-mouthed inventor of advertisement, harmonies, O skill'd to 3D Organ Printing sing of Time or eternity, God-gifted organ-voice of England, Milton, a name to resound for ages.

ALCHEMY : The medieval and Renaissance precursor to modern chemistry, characterized by mystical philosophy and shock advertisement, attempts to Printing Essay turn base metals such as lead and tin into noble metals such as gold and silver. Shock Advertisement? The tenets of alchemy were based on the theory of the four elements (see elements, the 3D Organ Printing, four ), in which all matter was composed of varying proportions of four substances--air, earth, water, and fire. Each element had a corresponding type of spirit associated with it--sylphs, gnomes, undines, and salamanders. While alchemical beliefs were taken seriously as a matter of pseudo-scientifical inquiry in early centuries, by the end of the medieval period, the shock, practice was often synonymous with chicanery and con-artistry. Chaucer's Canon Yeoman's Tale focuses on the deceptions of 3D Organ Essay, false alchemical practitioners, and why should, Shakespeare's The Tempest borrows heavily from alchemical lore in its depiction of the 3D Organ Essay, island's magical spirits. In later, more enlightened times, alchemical beliefs became a subject of The Progressive Era of American History in the Novel, Ragtime, mockery. Alexander Pope's mock epic , The Rape of the Lock , employs the traditional alchemical spirits, but alters their purpose so that their primary duties involve protecting young girls' virginity from the advances of handsome rakes, for instance. Click here for 3D Organ Essay, a downloadable PDF chart of the elements. ALEXANDRINE : A twelve-syllable line written in why should iambic hexameter. 3D Organ Printing Essay? Alexandrines were especially popular in French poetry for drama between 1500-1800 CE, but their invention dates back to the late 1100s.

The earliest medieval examples include Le Pèlerinage de Charlemagne à Jérusalem and Roman d'Alexandre (from which the of the ontological, name alexandrine comes). Racine in particular makes good use of it in Andromaque . 3D Organ Printing Essay? Classical French Alexandrines are a bit different from Era of History, modern English ones in that a strong stress falls on the on the sixth and last syllables with a wandering unstressed syllable that can appear in-between the 3D Organ Printing Essay, strong stresses on Birth each side of the caesura. 3D Organ Essay? An example of an English Alexandrine appears in the second line of shock, Alexander Pope's couplet: A needless Alexandrine ends the song. That, like a wounded snake, drags its slow length along.

The form has been less popular in English, and Pope actually mocks it in his Essay on Criticism. However, Spenser uses an Alexandrine to good effect as part of his spenserian stanza . Robert Bridges speaks of 3D Organ Essay, his loose Alexandrines in The Testament of Beauty , which consists of Era of in the Novel, Ragtime, unrhymed, metrically irregular twelve-syllable lines (though in many cases, the twelve-syllables are the result of elision). ALLEGORY : The word derives from the Greek allegoria (speaking otherwise). Essay? The term loosely describes any writing in verse or prose that has a double meaning. This narrative acts as an world war 1 poetry wilfred, extended metaphor in which persons, abstract ideas, or events represent not only themselves on the literal level, but they also stand for 3D Organ, something else on the symbolic level. An allegorical reading usually involves moral or spiritual concepts that may be more significant than the actual, literal events described in a narrative.

Typically, an allegory involves the interaction of multiple symbols, which together create a moral, spiritual, or even political meaning. The act of interpreting a story as if each object in it had an allegorical meaning is strengths called allegoresis . If we wish to be more exact, an allegory is an act of interpretation, a way of understanding, rather than a genre in and of itself. Poems, novels, or plays can all be allegorical, in whole or in part. These allegories can be as short as a single sentence or as long as a ten volume book. Printing Essay? The label allegory comes from an interaction between symbols that creates a coherent meaning beyond that of the literal level of interpretation. Probably the most famous allegory in English literature is John Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress (1678), in which the hero named Christian flees the City of Destruction and travels through the Valley of the Shadow of Death, Vanity Fair, Doubting Castle, and finally arrives at and weaknesses of the the Celestial City. The entire narrative is 3D Organ Essay a representation of the human soul's pilgrimage through temptation and why should nasa, doubt to 3D Organ Printing Essay reach salvation in heaven. Medieval works were frequently allegorical, such as the plays Mankind and Everyman . Other important allegorical works include mythological allegories like Apuleius' tale of Cupid and world war 1 owen, Psyche in The Golden Ass and Prudentius' Psychomachiae . More recent non-mythological allegories include Spenser's The Faerie Queene , Swift's Gulliver's Travels , Butler's Erewhon , and George Orwell's Animal Farm . The following illustrative passage comes from J. A. Cuddon's Dictionary of Literary Terms and Printing, Literary Theory , 3rd edition (Penguin Books, 1991). I have Americanized the British spelling and punctuation: To distinguish more clearly we can take the Papers and the Birth, old Arab fable of the frog and the scorpion, who met one day on the bank of the River Nile, which they both wanted to 3D Organ Essay cross. The frog offered to ferry the scorpion over on strengths ontological argument his back provided the 3D Organ, scorpion promised not to why should we fund sting him.

The scorpion agreed so long as the frog would promise not to drown him. The mutual promises exchanged, they crossed the river. Essay? On the far bank the scorpion stung the frog mortally. Why did you do that? croaked the frog, as it lay dying. Why? replied the scorpion, We're both Arabs, aren't we? If we substitute for The Federalist and the Birth of a Nation, a frog a Mr. Goodwill or a Mr. Prudence, and for the scorpion Mr. 3D Organ? Treachery or Mr.

Two-Face, and The Progressive Era of History in the, make the river any river and substitute for We're both Arabs . . . We're both men . . 3D Organ Printing Essay? . Strengths And Weaknesses Of The? we turn the Essay, fable [which illustrates human tendencies by using animals as illustrative examples] into an allegory [a narrative in which each character and and weaknesses argument, action has symbolic meaning]. Printing? On the other hand, if we turn the frog into a father and the scorpion into a son (boatman and passenger) and we have the wilfred, son say We're both sons of God, aren't we?, then we have a parable (if a rather cynical one) about the wickedness of 3D Organ Essay, human nature and the sin of parricide. And Weaknesses Of The Argument? (22) ALLIOSIS : While presenting a reader with only two alternatives may result in the logical fallacy known as false dichotomy or either/or fallacy, creating a parallel sentence using two alternatives in parallel structure can be an effective device rhetorically and artistically. Alliosis is the rhetorical use of any isocolon parallel sentence that presents two choices to the reader, e.g., You can eat well, or you can sleep well. 3D Organ Essay? For more information, see schemes. ALLITERATION : Repeating a consonant sound in close proximity to others, or beginning several words with the shock advertisement, same vowel sound. For instance, the phrase buckets of big blue berries alliterates with the consonant b . Coleridge describes the sacred river Alph in Kubla Khan as Five miles meandering with a mazy motion , which alliterates with the consonant m . The line apt alliteration's artful aid alliterates with the vowel sound a . One of Dryden's couplets in 3D Organ Printing Absalom and Achitophel reads, In pious times, ere priestcraft did begin, / Before polygamy was made a sin . It alliterates with the letter p . Walt Whitman's Song of Myself employs the Essay The Most Powerful Force in the World, technique: I l ean and l oaf at my ea s e ob s erving a s pear of s ummer gra ss . 3D Organ Essay? Most frequently, the Essay The Most in the World, alliteration involves the sounds at the beginning of words in close proximity to each other. Alliteration is an example of 3D Organ, a rhetorical scheme. Alliteration in which the first letters of world war 1 owen, words are the same (as opposed to Printing Essay consonants alliterating in the middles or ends of words) is strengths ontological argument more specifically called head rhyme , which is a bit of Printing, a misnomer since it doesn't actually involve rhyme in a technical sense. If alliteration also involves changes in the intervening vowels between repeated consonants, the technique is called consonance . See alliterative verse , alliterative prose , assonance , and consonance . See also alliterative revival and sound symbolism . ALLITERATIVE PROSE: Many texts of Old English and Middle English prose use the same techniques as alliterative verse . Aelfric (c. 955-1010 CE) and Wulfstan (d.

1023) wrote many treatises using skillful alliteration. And The Nation? The Herefordshire texts known collectively as the The Katherine Group ( Hali Meiohad , Sawles Warde , Seinte Katerine , Seinte Marherete , Seinte Iuliene ) are some examples in Middle English. ALLITERATIVE REVIVAL: The general increase or surge in alliterative poetry composed in the second half of the 14th century in England. Alliteration had been the 3D Organ Printing Essay, formalistic focus in Old English poetry, but after 1066 it began to be replaced by the new convention of rhyme, which southern courtly poets were using due to the influence of Essay on Globalization: World, continental traditions in the Romance languages like Latin and French. Between 1066 and 1300, hardly any poetic manuscripts using the alliterative form survive. There are two theories to explain this absence. Theory number one argues this absence is a quirk of textual history, and 3D Organ Printing Essay, that individuals were still writing alliterative verse, but by coincidence none of the manuscripts survive to the modern period, or that the tradition survived in oral form only and was never written down. The second theory suggests that, after alliterative verse had been mostly abandoned, a surge of regionalism or nationalism encouraged northern poets to return to it during the shock advertisement, mid- and late-1300s. In either case, during this time, Piers Plowman , Sir Gawain and the Green Knight and other important medieval poems were written using alliterative techniques. See alliteration , above, and alliterative verse , below.

ALLITERATIVE VERSE: A traditional form of Anglo-Saxon and 3D Organ, Old Norse poetry in which each line has at least four stressed syllables, and those stresses fall on syllables in which three or four words alliterate (repeat the same consonant sound). Alliterative verse largely died out in Illustrated in the Novel, English within a few centuries of the Norman Conquest. The Normans introduced continental conventions of poetry, including rhyme and octosyllabic couplets. The last surge of alliterative poetry in Printing the native English tradition is known as the alliterative revival during the Middle English period. See alliteration , above. ALLOMORPH : A different pronunciation of a morpheme. For instance, consider the -s plural morpheme. The standard /s/ sound (as in war 1 wilfred owen elks ) becomes a /z/ sound in some allomorphs (such as boxes .) However, the same grapheme s is used to represent each sound. ALLOPHONE : A predictable change in the articulation of a phoneme. For example, the letter t in the word top is aspirated, but the Essay, letter t in The Federalist Papers Birth Nation stop is unaspirated.

ALLUSION : A casual reference in literature to a person, place, event, or another passage of 3D Organ Printing Essay, literature, often without explicit identification. Allusions can originate in shock advertisement mythology, biblical references, historical events, legends, geography, or earlier literary works. Authors often use allusion to establish a tone, create an implied association, contrast two objects or people, make an unusual juxtaposition of references, or bring the reader into a world of experience outside the 3D Organ, limitations of the story itself. Authors assume that the readers will recognize the original sources and relate their meaning to the new context. For instance, if a teacher were to refer to his class as a horde of Mongols, the students will have no idea if they are being praised or vilified unless they know what the Mongol horde was and why should, what activities it participated in historically. This historical allusion assumes a certain level of education or awareness in the audience, so it should normally be taken as a compliment rather than an insult or an attempt at obscurity. ALOFT, THE : Also called the Printing, above and sometimes used interchangeably with the Heavens, this term refers to the gallery on the upper level of the frons scenae . In Shakespeare's Globe theater, this area contained the ontological argument, lords' rooms, but the center of Essay, this location was also used by the actors for short scenes. On the other hand, in most indoor theaters like the Blackfriars Theater, musicians above the stage would perform in a curtained alcove here. ALPHABET POEM : An acrostic poem of thirteen lines in which each line consists of two words, each word beginning with sequential letters in the alphabetic pattern ABCDEF, etc.

Deutsche noteas that many poets like Paul West take liberties such as using Greek or Russian letters and introducing -ex compounds. Here is an example from West: Yum-yum! (West, qtd. in Deutsche 11) ALPHABETIC : The adjective alphabetic refers to any writing system in Essay on Globalization: The Most which each unit or letter represents a single sound in 3D Organ theory. We Fund? English writing is theoretically alphabetic--but in actual point of fact is so riddled with exceptions and oddities that it hardly counts--as discussed here. ALPHABETISM : A word formed from the initial letters of other words (or syllables) pronounced with the letters of the 3D Organ, alphabet--such as the IRS , CIA , the VP , or VIP . Why Should We Fund? See further discussion under acronym . ALTAIC (from the Altai mountains): A non-Indo-European language family including Turkish, Tungusic, and Mongolian. ALTER EGO : A literary character or narrator who is 3D Organ Printing Essay a thinly disguised representation of the author, poet, or playwright creating a work. Some scholars suggest that J. Alfred Prufrock is an alter ego for strengths, T. S. Eliot in 3D Organ Printing Essay The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock, or that the wizard Prospero giving up his magic in The Tempest is an alter ego of Shakespeare saying farewell to the magic of the stage. Contrast with persona . ALTHING : The closest approximation the Icelandic Vikings had to a government/court system/police--a gathering of representatives from the local things to decide on policy, hear complaints, settle disputes, and proclaim incorrigible individuals as outlaws (see below). The thing was a gathering for strengths and weaknesses, each local community in Iceland, but the althing was a gathering for the entire island's male population. ALVEOLAR : This adjective refers to any sound made by the tongue's approaching the 3D Organ Essay, gum ridge.

Examples include the sounds /n/ , /l/ , /z/ and /s/ . ALVEOPALATAL : This adjective refers to any sound made by the tongue's approaching the gum ridge and the hard palate. Examples include the consonant sounds found in the beginning of the words Jill , Chill , and American Illustrated in the Novel,, shall and Essay, the beginning and ending sounds of the word rouge . AMALGAMATED COMPOUND : A word originally formed from a compound, but whose form is world poetry owen no longer clearly connected to its origin, such as the 3D Organ Essay, word not --originally compounded from Anglo-Saxon na-wiht (no whit). AMANUENSIS (from Latin, ab manus , by hand, plural amanuenses ): A servant, slave, secretary, or scribe who takes dictation for world war 1 wilfred, an author who speaks aloud. Many works of literature--especially from Roman and medieval times--result from the labor of 3D Organ, such a scribe. For instance, the illiterate Margery Kempe had two friars who served as amanuenses to write down her Book of Margery Kempe . Many Roman poets kept slaves who worked as their personal amanuenses, such as Cicero's slave Tyro, and strengths and weaknesses ontological argument, so on. AMBAGE (back formation from 3D Organ, ambi + agere , to drive both ways, pronounced in a manner that loosely rhymes with damage): Circumlocution or periphrasis designed with an eye toward deceiving or confusing the audience. In the plural, several such instances are ambages . See discussion under periphrasis . AMBIANCE : Loosely the term is equivalent to atmosphere or mood, but more specifically, ambiance is the atmosphere or mood of a particular setting or location. Ambiance is particularly vital to gothic literature and to the horror story, and to many young college students' dates. See atmosphere , mood and setting . AMBIGUITY : In common conversation, ambiguity is a negative term applied to a vague or equivocal expression when precision would be more useful. Sometimes, however, intentional ambiguity in literature can be a powerful device, leaving something undetermined in order to open up multiple possible meanings. When we refer to literary ambiguity, we refer to any wording, action, or symbol that can be read in divergent ways.

As William Empson put it, ambiguity is any verbal nuance, however slight, which gives room for alternative reactions to the same piece of language (qtd. in why should we fund Deutsch 11). AMELIORATION (from Latin, melior , better): A semantic change in which a word gains increasingly favorable connotation. For instance, the Middle English word knight used to mean servant (as German Knecht still does). The word grew through amelioration to mean a servant of the king and later a minor nobleman. Similar amelioration affected the Anglo-Saxon word eorl , which becomes Modern English earl . The opposite term, pejoration , is a semantic change in which a word gains increasingly negative connotations. AMERICAN DREAM : A theme in American literature, film, and art that expresses optimistic desires for self-improvement, freedom, and self-sufficiency.

Harry Shaw notes that the term can have no clear and fixed expression because it means whatever its user has in mind a particular time (12). In general, it connotes life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness in Thomas Jefferson's phrasing. One expression of this is the materialistic rags-to-riches motif of Printing Essay, many nineteenth-century novels. Here, through hard work, cleverness, and honesty, a young pauper rises in socio-economic status until he is a powerful and successful man. War 1 Wilfred Owen? An example here would be the stories by Horatio Alger. Other expressions of this theme focus on more abstract qualities like freedom or self-determination. 3D Organ? Many critics have argued that this dream is in and weaknesses ontological argument many ways a myth in the twentieth- and Essay, twenty-first centuries, given America's frequent discriminatory treatment of of the, immigrants and Printing, its continuing economic trends in which an ever smaller number of wealthy people accrue an ever larger percentage of and the of a, material wealth with each generation, i.e., the rich get richer and Printing, the poor get babies. Other events, such as the loss of the American frontier, segregation and exclusion of minorities, McCarthyism in the 1950s, unpopular wars in Vietnam in the 1960s, and gradual ecological devastation over the last hundred years, together have inspired literary works that criticize or question the American Dream--often seeing it as ultimately selfish or destructive on and weaknesses argument one or more levels. Examples of these writing would be Miller's Death of A Salesman, Ellison's Invisible Man, and Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath . AMERICAN ENGLISH : The English language as it developed in North America, especially in Essay terms of advertisement, its diction and the spelling and grammatical differences that distinguish it from British English. AMERICANISM : An expression that is characteristic of the U.S.A. or one which first developed in Essay America.

AMESLAN : American Sign Language--a language composed of hand-signs for the deaf. AMPHIBRACH : In classical poetry, a three-syllable poetic foot consisting of a light stress, heavy stress, and a light stress--short on both ends. Amphibrachs are quite rare in English, but they can be found in special circumstances, especially when the poet manipulates the and the Birth, caesura to create an 3D Organ, unusual effect. See caesura . An example of an English word forming an amphibrach is crustacean . An amphibrach is the reverse-form of an amphimacer . AMPHIMACER : A three-syllable foot consisting of a heavy, light, and heavy stress. Poetry written in amphimacers is called cretic meter . Amphimacer is rarely used in English poetry, but it is quite common in Greek. An example of an English phrase forming an amphimacer is deaf-and-dumb . An amphimacer is the reverse-form of an amphibrach . AMPHISBAENIC RHYME : A poetic structure invented by Edmund Wilson in which final words in strategic lines do not rhyme in the traditional sense, but rather reverse their order of consonants and vowels to appear backwards. Shock? For example, Wilson writes: But tonight I come lone and be lated -- Foreseeing in every detail , And resolved for a day to side step.

My friends and 3D Organ, their guests and their pets . The colored sections above have the amphisbaenic features. AMPHITHEATER : An open-air theater, especially the unroofed public playhouses in why should the suburbs of London. Shakespeare's Globe and 3D Organ Printing Essay, the Rose are two examples. ANACHRONISM : Placing an event, person, item, or verbal expression in why should nasa the wrong historical period. In Shakespeare's Julius Caesar , Shakespeare writes the following lines: Cassius: The clock has stricken three (Act II, scene i, lines 193-94). Of course, there were no household clocks during Roman times, no more than there were Blu-Ray disk players!

The reference is an anachronism, either accidental or intentional. Elizabethan theater often intentionally used anachronism in its costuming, a tradition that survives today when Shakespeare's plays are performed in biker garb or in Victorian frippery. Indeed, from surviving illustrations, the acting companies in Elizabethan England appeared to deliberately create anachronisms in their costumes. 3D Organ Essay? Some actors would dress in current Elizabethan garb, others in garb that was a few decades out of date, and others wore pseudo-historical costumes from past-centuries--all within a single scene or play. ANACREONTICS : Poetry or song-verse modeled on the poetry of the The Federalist Birth, Greek poet Anacreon--i.e., carpe diem poetry praising hedonistic pleasures of wine, women, and song, written in trochaic tetrameter. Here is a typical example of Anacreon's poetry in Stanley's translation: Fruitful earth drinks up the rain; Trees from earth drink that again; The sea drinks the air, the sun.

Drinks the Printing Essay, sea, and him the moon. Is it reason then, d'ye think, I should thirst when all else drink? ANACRUSIS : The addition of an extra unstressed syllable or two at the start of The Federalist, a line of 3D Organ Printing Essay, verse--but these additions are not considered part of the regular metrical count. Deutsch points out an example of anacrusis in the last line of this stanza by why should we fund, Blake, where the article the 3D Organ Printing Essay, is an unstressed addition: Innocence doth like a rose. Bloom on why should we fund nasa every maiden's cheek; Honour twines around her brows,

The jewel health adorns her neck. 3D Organ? (qtd. in why should Deutsche 14) ANADIPLOSIS (Greek doubling): Repeating the last word of a clause at Printing the beginning of the next clause. The Federalist Papers Birth Nation? As Nietzsche said, Talent is an adornment; an adornment is also a concealment. Ann Landers once claimed, The poor wish to be rich, the rich wish to be happy, the single wish to be married, and the married wish to be dead. Essay? Extended anadiplosis is called gradatio . For instance, in The Caine Mutiny the captain declares: Aboard my ship, excellent performance is standard. Standard performance is and the of a Nation sub-standard.

Sub-standard performance is not allowed. 3D Organ? Biblically speaking, St. Paul claims, We glory in tribulations also, knowing that tribulation worketh patience; and patience, experience; and experience, hope, and hope maketh man not ashamed. We Fund Nasa? Samuel Johnson writes, Labour and care are rewarded with success, success produces confidence, confidence relaxes industry, and negligence ruins the 3D Organ, reputation which diligence had raised ( Rambler No. 21). Essay The Most Powerful Force World? On a more mundane level, the character of Yoda states in Star Wars, Episode I : Fear leads to anger; anger leads to hatred; hatred leads to conflict; conflict leads to suffering . Gradatio creates a rhythmical pattern to Printing carry the reader along the text, even as it establishes a connection between words. Anadiplosis and gradatio are examples of rhetorical schemes. ANAGNORISIS : (Greek for recognition): A term used by Aristotle in the Poetics to describe the moment of tragic recognition in which the protagonist realizes some important fact or insight, especially a truth about himself, human nature, or his situation. Aristotle argues that the ideal moment for anagnorisis in wilfred a tragedy is the moment of peripeteia , the reversal of Printing, fortune. Critics often claim that the Era of History in the Novel,, moment of tragic recognition is found within a single line of text, in which the tragic hero admits to Printing his lack of insight or asserts the war 1 poetry owen, new truth he recognizes. This passage is often called the line of tragic recognition.

See further discussion under tragedy . ANAGOGICAL : In fourfold interpretation , the 3D Organ Printing Essay, anagogical reading is the fourth type of interpretation in American History Ragtime which one reads a religious writing in an eschatological manner, i.e., the interpreter sees the passage as a revelation concerning the 3D Organ Printing Essay, last days, the end of time, or the afterlife. ANAGRAM (Greek: writing back or anew): When the letters or syllables in a name, word or phrase are shuffled together or jumbled to form a new word. For instance, in Tanith Lee's short story, Bite-Me-Not, or Fleur De Fleu, the predatory vampire's name is Feroluce --an anagram of his demonic predecessor, Lucifer. Similarly in Birth of a the film Angelheart , the devil travels using the anagram Louis Cipher , i.e., Lucifer as a moniker, and in film-makers' spin-offs of Printing, Bram Stoker's Dracula , Dracula uses the name Alucard as a disguise. (An anagram that functions by merely writing a name backwards is known more specifically as an ananym .) Authors who love wordplay love using anagrams. For instance, Samuel Butler's utopian satire Erewhon is an anagram of Nowhere.

Critics have suggested Hawthorne's short story The Minister's Black Veil involves an Essay on Globalization: The Most Powerful World, anagram on veil and 3D Organ Printing, evil . Anagrams were quite popular in The Progressive American History Ragtime the Renaissance. ANALOGUE (also spelled analog ): A story that contains similar characters, situations, settings, or verbal echoes to those found in a different story. Sometimes analogues reveal that one version was adopted from or inspired by another, or that both tales originate in 3D Organ Printing a lost, older text. When one version is Essay on Globalization: Force World clearly the Printing Essay, ancestor of another, literary scholars refer to Era of in the Novel, it as a source. For instance, Romeo and Juliet and Westside Story are analogues, with Romeo and 3D Organ Printing, Juliet being a loose source for the other. The character of Utnapishtim in the Babylonian flood legend is an analogue for the character of Noah in why should we fund the Hebrew Bible, which in turn is an analogue for the Atlantis myth . In other cases, analogues appear that probably have no direct connection to Printing each other. Grettir's Saga , which includes a wrestling bout between the strongest Icelander and an evil spirit, is often thought of as an analogue to Beowulf , in which a hero with the strength of thirty men wrestles with the monster Grendel.

Grettir dives under an ocean-side waterfall and does battle with a Troll-wife, just as Beowulf dives into advertisement, a lake and does battle with Grendel's mother. These two pairs of scenes are analogues to 3D Organ each other. Most of Chaucer's stories in The Canterbury Tales have analogues with varying degrees of why should nasa, correspondence; often these are of French or Italian origin. In general, the key philological question of analogues is Essay whether they are the result of monogenesis or polygenesis . ANALOGY, LINGUISTIC : The modification of grammatical usage from the desire for uniformity. Force? For instance, a child who states, I broked the toy or a man who says I knowed the truth is 3D Organ Essay merely attempting to regularize the past tense of these verbs through linguistic analogy.

Cf. hypercorrection . ANALYTIC : A language is analytic if it requires a certain word order to make grammatical sense--often this requires extensive use of prepositions and auxiliary verbs. For instance, take the sentence, The dog bit the boy. We know in modern English that dog is the subject and boy is the direct object because of shock advertisement, word order, the common analytical pattern being subject-verb-object . Examples of analytic languages include French, Spanish, Modern English (but not Old English) and Italian. 3D Organ Printing Essay? The opposite type of language uses declensions (special endings stuck on the ends of words) to Era of Illustrated Novel, Ragtime show what case each word has. This type is 3D Organ called an inflected or synthetic language. Click here for more information about case . ANALYTICAL COMPARISON : Comparison using more and most instead of -er and -est . ANALYZED RHYME : Another term for war 1 wilfred owen, inexact rhyme . See below. ANAPEST : A foot or unit of poetry consisting of two light syllables followed by a single stressed syllable.

Some words and 3D Organ Essay, phrases in English that constitute anapests include the following examples: understand, interrupt, comprehend, anapest, New Rochelle, contradict, get a life, condescend, Coeur d'Alene, in the blink of an eye, and so on. Anapestic meter consists of lines of poetry that follow this pattern of light stress, light stress, heavy stress pattern. For example: The Assyrian came dówn like a wólf on the fóld (Lord Byron, The Destruction of ontological argument, Sennacherib) or Oh he flies through the air with the greatest of Essay, ease. See extended discussion under meter . Click here to download a PDF handout that contrasts anapests with other types of metrical feet. ANAPHORA (Greek, carried again, also called epanaphora ): The intentional repetition of beginning clauses in order to History in the create an artistic effect. 3D Organ? For instance, Churchill declared, We shall not flag or fail. We shall go on the end. We shall fight in France. We shall fight on the seas and oceans. We shall fight with growing confidence and shock, growing strength in the air.

We shall defend our island, whatever the cost shall be. Printing? The repetition of We shall. . . The Federalist Papers And The Of A Nation? creates a rhetorical effect of Printing Essay, solidarity and The Most, determination. A well-known example is the Beatitudes in the Bible, where nine statements in a row begin with Blessed are. (Blessed are the poor in spirit, for 3D Organ Printing Essay, theirs is the kingdom of heaven. The Federalist Nation? Blessed are they that mourn, for they shall be comforted.) Anaphora is the opposite of epistrophe , in which the poet or rhetorician repeats the concluding phrase over and over for effects. Often the two can be combined effectively as well. For instance, Saint Paul writes to the church at Corinth, Are they Hebrews? So am I. 3D Organ Printing? Are they Israelites? So am I. Are they the seed of Abraham? So am I. Are they the ministers of Christ?

I am more. Here, artful use of anaphora and epistrophe combined help Paul make his point more emphatically. Both anaphora and epistrophe are examples of rhetorical schemes. Nasa? They serve to lend weight and emphasis. ANAPODOTON : Deliberately creating a sentence fragment by the omission of a clause: If only Printing, you came with me! If only students knew what anapodoton was! Good writers never use sentence fragments? Ah, but they can. And they do. On Globalization: The Most In The? When appropriate. Anapodoton is an example of a rhetorical scheme.

ANAPTYXIS : In linguistics, anaptyxis is the appearance of an intrusive vowel sound between two consonants when that vowel is unexpected historically or when it shouldn't be there according to the normal rules of language development. For instance, many speakers insert a schwa sound between the /l/ and /m/ in the word elm or the word film . The adjective form of this word is anaptyctic . Note that some linguists prefer to call this phenomenon svarabhakti (from the Sanskrit term), and thus they refer to the intrusive vowel as a svarabhakti vowel . Compare with the rhetorical device epenthesis . ANASTROPHE : Inverted order of words or events as a rhetorical scheme. Anastrophe is specifically a type of hyperbaton in Printing which the adjective appears after the noun when we expect to find the adjective before the noun. For example, Shakespeare speaks of and weaknesses ontological, Figures pedantical ( LLL 5.2.407). Faulkner describes The old bear . . . not even a mortal but an anachronism indomitable and invincible out of an old dead time. Lewis Carroll uses anastrophe in 3D Organ Essay Jabberwocky, where we hear, Long time the on Globalization: The Most Powerful World, manxome foe he sought. / So rested he by Essay, the Tumtum tree . . . . T. S. Eliot writes of Time present and time past, and American History Novel, Ragtime, so on. Particularly clever anastrophe can become a trope when it alters meaning in unusual ways. For instance, T. S. Eliot writes of arms that wrap about Essay a shawl rather than shawls that wrap about an advertisement, arm in The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock. See also hyperbaton . Essay? Natalie Dorsch's poem, Just Because, makes use of extended anastrophe in a clever way to shock advertisement show how delightfully confused the speaker is after a romantic interlude: shut the stairs, took off my prayers, turned off my bed, got into the light, you kissed me goodnight.

Here, she makes use of anastrophe in nearly every line. Alternatively, we can use the term anastrophe as a reference to entire narratives in which the 3D Organ, sequence of Era of American in the Ragtime, events are chopped into sections and Printing, then shuffled or scrambled into an unusual narrative order. An example of advertisement, this type of anastrophe might be the Printing, sequence of events in Quentin Tarentino's film Pulp Fiction or Kurt Vonnegut's novel Slaughterhouse Five . Contrast with periodic sentence . ANATOLIAN : A branch of and weaknesses of the, Indo-European languages spoken in Asia Minor, including Hittite. ANCHORESS : A female anchorite. These women were eremites or hermits in the medieval period who would request permission from the local pastor to be walled up alive in a small cell attached to the side of the church. There the anchoress would live out the rest of her days, relying upon the charity of the local community to provide food and water through a small opening. The practice was a common one in the medieval period.

Such hermits were considered especially holy for giving up worldly concerns, and 3D Organ Printing Essay, they were often highly respected as spiritual counselors. Male anchoresses are called anchorites, and the enclosures they dwell in are called anchorholds . The medieval writer Julian of Norwich was one such anchoress. ANCHORHOLD : In medieval times, an enclosure in the wall of a church where an Papers Birth Nation, anchorite or anchoress would be sealed up alive as a gesture of 3D Organ, faith. ANCHORITE : An eremite or hermit in the medieval period who requests permission from the local pastor to be sealed up in a small cell attached to and the of a the side of the 3D Organ, church, where the anchorite would live out the rest of his days relying upon Essay World the charity of the local community to provide food and Essay, water through a small opening. Advertisement? The practice was a common one in the medieval period.

Such hermits were considered especially holy for giving up worldly concerns, and they were often highly respected as spiritual counselors. Female anchorites are called anchoresses, and the enclosures in which they dwell are called anchorholds . ANCILLARY CHARACTERS (Latin ancilla : helper or maid): Less important characters who are not the 3D Organ Printing, primary protagonist or antagonist , but who highlight these characters or interact with them in such a way as to provide insight into the narrative action. Typical ancillary characters include foils , choric characters , deuteragonists , soubrettes , tritagonists , and stock characters . See character for more information. ANECDOTE : A short narrative account of an amusing, unusual, revealing, or interesting event. The Most Powerful In The? A good anecdote has a single, definite point, and the setting, dialogue, and 3D Organ Printing Essay, characters are usually subordinate to the point of the story. Usually, the anecdote does not exist alone, but it is combined with other material such as expository essays or arguments. Writers may use anecdotes to clarify abstract points, to humanize individuals, or to create a memorable image in the reader's mind.

Anecdotes are similar to exempla . See exemplum . ANGLIAN : The dialects of Old English spoken in Mercia and Northumbria. Not to be confused with the word Anglican . ANGLICAN CHURCH : The Protestant Church in England that originated when King Henry VIII broke his ties to why should nasa the Vatican in Rome (the Catholic Church). ANGLO-NORMAN : (1) The time-period when Norman conquerors ruled over England. 3D Organ Printing? During the Anglo-Norman period from 1066 until about 1200, Norman French was the language of literature and culture in England. (2) The dialect of Norman French that evolved in England after the The Federalist Birth Nation, Normans came with William the Conquer, fought the Battle of Hastings, and ruled over England afterward. Scholars typically abbreviate the 3D Organ Essay, phrase as AN. A sample writer from the Anglo-Norman period was Marie de France. See also Battle of Hastings . ANGLO-SAXON : (1) Historically, the term refers to a group of Teutonic tribes who invaded England in the fifth and sixth centuries following the departure of Essay The Most Powerful, Roman legions in Printing Essay 410 CE. These tribes, the shock, Angles, the Saxons, and 3D Organ, the Jutes, came from the northern parts of world war 1 poetry owen, Europe and gave their name (Angle-Land) to Printing England, driving the native Celtic peoples into the farthest western and northern regions of Era of American Illustrated in the Novel, Ragtime, Britain.

We can also refer to the time-period of 410 CE up until about 1066 CE as the Anglo-Saxon historical period in Britain. 3D Organ Essay? In linguistics, the Essay on Globalization: The Most Force World, term Anglo-Saxon is also used to refer to Old English, the language spoken by 3D Organ, these tribes and the precursor of Middle English and Modern English. See Old English . (2) In colloquial usage, the term Anglo-Saxon is often used to distinguish people of English ethnicity in Great Britain, Canada, and in the Novel,, the United States--hence acronyms like WASP (White Anglo-Saxon Protestant). ANIMAL COMMUNICATION : The exchange of information among animals, especially as contrasted with human language and meta-language (Algeo 312). Examples include pheremone trails left by Printing Essay, ants, semaphore communications among bees, mating calls among birds, and we fund nasa, vocal alerts concerning different predators among certain mammals. ANIMISM : The belief that animals, plants, and objects have their own souls or spirits inhabiting them, as in modern Japanese religions like Shinto or in 3D Organ Essay many older hunter-gatherer societies in why should nasa Africa, Polynesia, and Australia. Many plant spirits in classical Greek mythology probably originate in earlier animistic belief, such as dryads and hamadryads (tree-spirits), Oreiads (mountain pine-tree spirits), Meliades (fruit-trees), and Printing Essay, Meliai (ash tree and honey-hive spirits). Other animistic spirits in Greek myth include the Oeneads and Krinaiai (well-spirits and fountain-spirits), Nephelai (cloud-spirits), Naiads (water-spirits), and Ithakiai (cave-spring spirits).

See also Solar Myth and vegetationsdämon . ANNAL : Another term for a chronicle, a brief year-by-year account of events. ANONYMOUS : Of unknown authorship, either because the historical records are missing to strengths and weaknesses of the ontological shed light on the author's identity, or because the author deliberately hid his identity. Probably 90% of surviving medieval literature lacks authorial attribution. Essay? In the case of folklore and much mythology, the oldest versions are also usually anonymous. ANTAGONIST : See discussion under character , below. ANTHIMERIA : Artfully using a different part of speech to act as another in violation of the normal rules of grammar. This switch might involve treating a verb like a noun, or a noun like a verb, or an adjective like a verb, and so on.

Thus, in 1960s pop culture, Nancy Sinatra's song These Boots Are Made for Walkin' has a speaker who tells the implied audience, You keep lying when you ought to be truthing . . . Shock Advertisement? . You keep saming when you ought to be changing. In a more literary vein, e. e. cummings might speak of how he sang his didn't , he danced his did . A television advertisement might exhort its listeners to Essay Gift him with Sports Illustrated magazine for Christmas (as opposed to give him Sports Illustrated for Christmas). Rabelais might state, I am going in search of the great perhaps and when the priest Angelo is doing an effective job of controlling the city, we hear that Lord Angelo dukes it well in world war 1 wilfred Shakespeare's Measure for Measure (III, iii), and so on. Anthimeria allows poets to step into an extra-verbal realm to suggest and hint at Essay that which cannot be put easily in The Federalist words without a loss of verbal magic. Linguists more generally call this device form shift . ANTHOLOGY (from Grk. 3D Organ Printing? anther + logos , flower-words): Literally implying a collection of flowers, the term anthology refers to a collection of The Progressive History Novel,, poetry, drama, or verse. English majors may be familiar with the Printing Essay, ubiquitous Norton Anthology of British Literature , for instance.

The first collection of poetry thus labeled was The Anthology , a collection of some 4,500 Greek poems dating between 490 BCE and 1,000 CE. ANTICATHOLICISM : Literature or rhetoric created (often by Protestants) for the purpose of countering Catholic doctrine or depicting Catholicism in a negative light. In Reformation and Post-Reformation British literature, anticatholic motifs frequently appear after the Anglican Church splits from Rome under Henry VIII. Strengths And Weaknesses Argument? Examples include Spenser's Faerie Queene , in which Catholic associations surround villains like Duessa and Printing Essay, Archimago. A similar surge of anticatholic characterizations appear just before and during the Enlightenment period, notably in Gothic literature like Lewis' The Monk , in strengths and weaknesses which convents and 3D Organ, monasteries are depicted as hypocritical hives of sadism and superstition. ANTICLIMAX (also called bathos ): a drop, often sudden and unexpected, from a dignified or important idea or situation to one that is The Federalist and the Birth trivial or humorous. Also a sudden descent from something sublime to something ridiculous. In fiction and drama, this refers to action that is disappointing in contrast to the previous moment of intense interest. In rhetoric, the effect is Printing Essay frequently intentional and The Progressive History Illustrated in the Novel,, comic. For example: Usama Bin Laden: Wanted for Crimes of War, Terrorism, Murder, Conspiracy, and Nefarious Parking Practices.

ANTIFEMINIST TRADITION : While some medieval women writers like Christine de Pisan and Margery Kempe advocated that women should have stronger positions in Printing the medieval church or medieval society more generally, many other writers (mostly but not exclusively male) called for the female gender to remain in poetry wilfred owen inferior or subservient positions. Other monastic writers would go so far as to Printing Essay declare all women evil temptresses and seductresses, inherently corrupt, conniving, incompetent, and weak-willed. Modern critics call these writers and their works the anti-feminist tradition. The term primarily applies to world war 1 poetry wilfred patristic writers like Saint Jerome, Saint Augustine, and Saint Paul, but it more loosely applies to Juvenal, Theophrastus, Abelard, John of Salisbury, Walter Map, Hugh of Folietto, Peter of Blois, and 3D Organ Essay, Andreas Fieschi. We Fund? In Chaucer's The Wife of Bath's Tale, the Wife recounts how her fifth husband would read from a book of Wykked Wyves--apparently a collection of works in the anti-feminist tradition. Aemilia Lanyer confronts and rebuts this anti-feminist tradition in her Renaissance work, Salve Deus, Rex Judaeorum , and Printing, Virginia Woolf touches on The Progressive Era of American History in the Ragtime it indirectly in her twentieth-century writings like A Room of One's Own. ANTI-FRATERNAL SATIRE : Medieval satire that points out (in humor or anger) the failings and hypocrisies of bad monks, friars, and nuns in particular and the secular clergy and church officers more generally. Examples from The Canterbury Tales include Chaucer's depiction of the Monk and Printing, Prioress in The General Prologue and the content of The Summoner's Tale.

ANTIHERO : A protagonist who is a non-hero or the antithesis of a traditional hero. While the traditional hero may be dashing, strong, brave, resourceful, or handsome, the antihero may be incompetent, unlucky, clumsy, dumb, ugly, or clownish. Examples here might include the senile protagonist of Cervantes' Don Quixote or the girlish knight Sir Thopas from The Progressive Era of American History Illustrated in the Ragtime, Chaucer's Sir Thopas. In the case of the Byronic and Miltonic antihero, the antihero is a romanticized but wicked character who defies authority, and becomes paradoxically ennobled by his peculiar rejection of virtue. In this sense, Milton presents Satan in Paradise Lost as an antihero in a sympathetic manner--at least in the first half of the poem. The same is true of Printing Essay, Heathcliffe in Emily Bronté's Wuthering Heights . Compare with the nasa, picaro . ANTIMETABOLE (Greek, turning about): A rhetorical scheme involving repetition in reverse order : One should eat to live, not live to eat.

Or, You like it; it likes you. The witches in that Scottish play chant, Fair is Printing foul and foul is fair. One character in Love's Labor's Lost uses antimetabole when he asks I pretty, and my saying apt? Or I apt, and my saying pretty? (I, ii). The first will be last and the last will be first, and so forth. Essay On Globalization: World? Antimetabole often overlaps with chiasmus . This device is sometimes used as a synonym for epanados in modern textbooks (though classical rhetoricians would treat it as distinct). See schemes . ANTI-SEMITIC LITERATURE : Literature that vilifies Jews or encourages racist attitudes toward them. Much of the religious literature produced in medieval and Renaissance Europe unfortunately engaged in anti-Semitism to one degree or another. Printing? This is due to a series of sociological causes too lengthy to discuss here. Typical allegations accused Jews of killing and cannibalizing Christians, secretly poisoning wells, spreading plague and leprosy among non-Jewish neighbors, kidnapping Christian children, defiling communion wafers, and engaging in various economic crimes, the most famous being blood libel . The irony is that, although Jews were blamed for various outbreaks of plague and ontological, the contamination of water supplies, in many such communities there were no Jews present at all. They had often been kicked out 3D Organ Printing Essay of the country long before the crimes took place.

In 1182 Philip II banished the Jews from The Federalist and the of a Nation, France, causing many Jews to flee to 3D Organ Printing Essay England, where many other Jews had sought shelter in the eleventh century. Anti-Semitic violence intensified after the crusades, culminating in the church's Fourth Lateran Council of 1215, which passed laws requiring Jews to wear distinctive clothing and forbidding them from holding political office in of a Chrstian-controlled lands. Local bishoprics and principalities embraced these new laws, and 3D Organ Printing, often added their own twists, such as requiring Jews to pay additional taxes, or requiring the most senior Jewish Rabbi to submit to various ritual humiliations before the community at Easter. (In one French city, for The Progressive American Illustrated Novel,, instance, the Printing, most prestigious Rabbi had to appear on the doorsteps of the bishop's cathedral on world war 1 wilfred Easter afternoon to receive a ritual blow and Printing Essay, communal rejection.) Other secular authorities followed the ecclesiastical example by we fund, making it illegal for Jews to own land or to labor in an occupation that would compete with local Christians. Ironically, this policy forced Jews to train themselves in highly skilled professions such as law, medicine, accounting, gem-cutting, and whatnot. These lucrative professions only further aroused the 3D Organ Printing, envy and Papers, ire of less-skilled, less educated, and less wealthy citizens of the European kingdoms. In 1275, Edward I began to 3D Organ Essay default on the loans he owed Jewish moneylenders, and in 1287, he imprisoned some 3,000 Jewish subjects, whom he ransomed to their families for cash.

In spite of the Jewish payment in good faith, he issued an edict in shock advertisement 1290 banishing all Jews from England and confiscating all their properties. After Jews were allowed to return to France, French King Philip IV expelled them again in 1306, forcing them to flee to Germany. Mass burnings and executions of 3D Organ, Jews took place in poetry wilfred Germany in 1349 after an outbreak of plague, and so on--right up to 3D Organ the Holocaust of World War II, in The Progressive American History Illustrated Ragtime which the genocide was horrifying not for 3D Organ Essay, its novelty, but rather for its continuation of a centuries-long tradition with the added efficiency of modern technologies like gas chambers and incinerators. Such occurrences affect the literature of a culture as well. The Legends of the Holy Rood , for instance, recounts an Anglo-Latin story of The Federalist and the of a, how Jewish blasphemers drown in Christ's blood after entering a Christian church. In the tale, the Printing, doors slam shutting locking the ontological, Jews inside. The cross begin bleeding profusely until the liquid filled the 3D Organ Printing Essay, entire structure and overwhelms them. The Anglo-Saxon poem Elena (St. Helen) describes the The Federalist Papers and the, way the 3D Organ Essay, pious mother of Constantine tortures reluctant Jews in order to why should nasa locate the remains of the 3D Organ, true cross, which the Era of Illustrated in the Novel, Ragtime, Jews had sneakily hidden away from her in order to conceal the truth of 3D Organ Printing Essay, Christ's resurrection.

In Middle English, we see that Chaucer's Prioress' Tale likewise depicts Jews as manipulative evildoers who murder a saintly young choirboy. In the Renaissance, Shakespeare's The Merchant of ontological, Venice presents a Jewish lawyer, Shylock, as the villain scheming to extract a pound of flesh from his poor Christian victim, and so on, ad nauseum . Occasionally, it is ambiguous whether readers should accept the anti-Semitism readily. For instance, the Prioress' earlier depiction in Chaucer's General Prologue suggests she has misplaced secular priorities, so Chaucer might not intend for her to be a very authoritative or holy figure when she tells her tale. Likewise, Shakespeare does a marvelous job of transforming Shylock into Essay, an indignant and injured human being rather than a moustache-twirling, two-dimensional stereotype in Shylock's If they prick us. . . On Globalization: The Most Powerful In The World? . speech and in his soliloquies discussing the way Christians have subtly mocked him, cheated him, and Printing, insulted his family. However, such literary moments are rare in which an author questions the war 1 wilfred, common anti-Semitism of the era. Thus, when we do find material that suggests a more tolerant attitude, we must approach it with a skeptical eye to make sure we are not misreading historical intent. ANTITHESIS (plural: antitheses ): Using opposite phrases in 3D Organ close conjunction. Examples might be, I burn and I freeze, or Her character is white as sunlight, black as midnight.

The best antitheses express their contrary ideas in a balanced sentence. It can be a contrast of Era of American Ragtime, opposites: Evil men fear authority; good men cherish it. Alternatively, it can be a contrast of 3D Organ, degree: One small step for a man, one giant leap for all mankind. Why Should? Antithesis is an example of a rhetorical scheme. 3D Organ? Contrast with oxymoron . ANTITYPE : A figure, event, or symbol in and weaknesses argument the New Testament thought to be prefigured by a different figure, event, or symbol in the Old Testament. See extended discussion under typology . APHAEARESIS (also spelled apheresis ; plural: aphaeareses, adj. apheretic ): Rhetorically deleting a syllable--unaccented or accented--from the 3D Organ Printing Essay, beginning of a word to create a new term or phrasing.

For instance, in King Lear , we hear that, the king hath cause to plain (3.1.39). Here, the word complain has lost its first syllable. In Hamlet 2.2.561, Hamlet asks, Who should 'scape whipping if every man were treated as he deserved. War 1 Poetry Owen? Note that the e- in escape has itself cleverly escaped from its position! Aphaeresis is an example of a rhetorical scheme or trope. The adjective form is 3D Organ Printing Essay apheretic . War 1 Poetry Owen? Contrast with the Printing Essay, more precise linguistic term aphesis . APHESIS : Linguistically, the strengths argument, omission of an un accented syllable from the front of a word. Contrast with the 3D Organ Printing, more general rhetorical term, aphaearesis . APOCALYPSE : From the Greek word apocalypsis (unveiling), an apocalypse originally referred to a mystical revelation of war 1 wilfred owen, a spiritual truth, but has changed in twentieth-century use to refer specifically to mystical visions concerning the 3D Organ Essay, end of the world. The most famous Apocalypse in the Christian tradition is the book commonly known to Protestants as Revelation in the New Testament.

Attributed to John of Patmos, legend states that John wrote it in exile about the year 70 AD, though surviving manuscripts are much later in The Progressive Era of American Illustrated Novel, date. All apocalyptic narratives are by their nature eschatological (see below). APOCOPATED RHYME AND METER : Poetic use of 3D Organ Essay, apocope to create a rhyming word at the end of and the Nation, a line or to balance the number of syllables to Printing stay within metrical restraints (see meter ). (The latter type might be more accurately called apocopated meter rather than apocopated rhyme.) For example, in Keats' poem La Belle Dame Sans Merci, the poetic speaker refers to a lady in the meads instead of a lady in the meadows , and American History Illustrated in the Novel,, he speaks of an Printing, elfin grot instead of an elfin grotto . Clever poets use this formalistic device in a way that connects with the thematic content. APOCOPE : Deleting a syllable or letter from the and the Birth, end of a word. In The Merchant of Venice , one character says, when I ope my lips let no dog bark, and the last syllable of open falls away into ope before the reader's eyes (1.1.93-94). In Troilus and Cressida , Shakespeare proclaims, If I might in entreaties find success--/ As seld I have the chance--I would desire / My famous cousin to our Grecian tents (4.5.148). Here the Essay, word seldom becomes seld . Apocope is an example of a rhetorical scheme.

Note that some scholars modernize this word and refer to it as apocopation . War 1 Poetry? Contrast with syncope . APOPHASIS : Denying one's intention to talk or write about a subject, but making the denial in such a way that the subject is actually discussed. Essay? For instance, a candidate for the senate might start his speech declaring, I don't have time to list the shock advertisement, seventeen felony counts my opponent faces, or the Essay, lurid rumors of my opponent's sexual behavior with sixteen-year old girls, or the why should nasa, evidence that he is engaged in tax evasion. Instead, I am going to Essay talk about my own qualities that I would bring to the senate if you vote for why should nasa, me . . . Printing? A fine example of apophasis in Shakespeare comes from Mark Antony's funeral speech in Julius Caesar : I am no orator, as Brutus is; But, as you know me all, a plain blunt man . . . For I have neither wit, nor words, nor worth, Action, nor utterance, nor the power of speech.

To stir men's blood; I only speak right on. APORIA (Greek: impassable path): The deliberate act of talking about how one is unable to talk about The Federalist Papers Birth of a something. For instance, I can't tell you how often writers use aporia . The term dubitatio refers to Essay a subtype of aporia in shock advertisement which a speaker or writer pauses and deliberately reveals his doubt or uncertainty (genuine or feigned) about an issue. The aporia in the case of dubitatio is 3D Organ both that pause and the act of intentionally discussing that ambiguous reaction. This rhetorical ploy can make the audience feel sympathy for the speaker's dilemma, or it can help characterize the speaker as one who is open-minded and sincerely struggling with the same issues the audience faces. More recently, literary deconstructionists like Jacques Derrida have high-jacked or modified the rhetorical term aporia, and they use it to suggest a gap or a lacuna that exists between what the ontological, text attempts to say and Printing Essay, what it is forced to mean due to the constraints of language. Aporia is an strengths of the argument, example of 3D Organ, a rhetorical trope. See also apophasis , above. We Fund Nasa? Contrast with aposiopesis , below. APOSIOPESIS : Breaking off as if unable to 3D Organ Printing continue, stopping suddenly in the midst of a sentence, or leaving a statement unfinished at nasa a dramatic moment. Sometimes the 3D Organ, interruption is an artificial choice the author makes for a dramatic effect.

For instance, Steele writes, The fire surrounds them while -- I cannot go on. He leaves the horrific outcome of the conflagration to the readers' imaginations. On the other hand, Hotspur's dying breath provides a literary instance in which the The Federalist of a, speaker is physically unable to continue, leaving another to Printing complete the war 1 owen, thought: But that the earthy and cold hand of death. Lies on my tongue. No, Percy, thou art dust, Prince Hal : For worms, brave Percy. Printing Essay? ( 1 Henry IV , 5.4) Aposiopesis is a wonderful and strengths and weaknesses, flexible technique for showing a character's overcharged emotions. Hamlet makes use of aposiopesis to illustrate his grief and shock at his mother's behavior after the king's death. One example is when he can't finish his comparison between his mother and Niobe: Like Niobe, all tears--why, she, even she-- / O God! a beast that wants discourse of reason / Would have mourned longer. Shakespeare again makes use of the technique when King Lear rages against his evil daughters.

Shakespeare makes him so upset he can't even think of a proper punishment for them as the Printing Essay, old king breaks down in blustering tears: That all the of the ontological argument, world shall--I will do such things-- What they are yet, I know not; but they shall be. The terrors of the 3D Organ Printing, earth! ( King Lear 2.4.274-77) Virgil makes epic use of aposiopesis ; he has the God Neptune become so angry at the windstorms over his ocean, he can't decide which storm-spirit to American History Ragtime smack first or in what order to fix the resulting mess:

We find Biblical examples of aposiopesis in the Hebrew Bible, in which Moses doesn't even dare to complete his sentence when he challenges God's decision to destroy the Israelites for 3D Organ Printing Essay, their sin: And Moses returned unto the Lord, and said, 'Oh, this people ha ve sinned a great sin, and strengths of the ontological argument, have made them gods of gold. Essay? Yet now, if thou wilt forgive their sin--; and if not, blot me, I pray thee, out of the Book of Life (Exodus 32:31). Aposiopesis is an example of a rhetorical trope. APOSTROPHE : Not to be confused with the punctuation mark, apostrophe is the nasa, act of addressing some abstraction or personification that is not physically present: For instance, John Donne commands, Oh, Death, be not proud. King Lear proclaims, Ingratitude! thou marble-hearted fiend, / More hideous when thou show'st thee in a child / Than the sea-monster. Death, of course, is a phenomenon rather than a proud person, and ingratitude is an abstraction that hardly cares about Lear's opinion, but the 3D Organ Printing Essay, act of addressing the abstract has its own rhetorical power. An apostrophe is an example of The Federalist Papers Birth Nation, a rhetorical trope. APOTROPAIC : Designed to ward off evil influence or malevolent spirits by frightening these forces away. In many cultures, elaborate artwork depicting monsters would be created to have an apotropaic affect. For instance, the fierce celestial dogs (Fu dogs) carved outside the Printing, entrance to Tibetan temples would keep evil spirits from entering the holy ground, and Amerindian shamans would wear frightening, grotesque medicine masks when they visited sick members of world wilfred owen, their tribe to terrify the evil spirits making them sick.

It has been suggested that the 3D Organ Printing Essay, presence of gargoyles and grotesques on medieval cathedrals is a remnant of older pagan practices, in which monstrous apotropaic figures would be carved on the front of ships and over on Globalization: Powerful Force in the, the entrances to buildings to ward off evil influences. Many Anglo-Saxon charms may have been apotropaic chants. APRON STAGE : A stage that projects out into the auditorium area. This enlarges the square footage available for actors to walk and move upon. This feature was not common in Printing the days of classical Greco-Roman theater, but it was a common architectural trait in advertisement Elizabethan times and remains in use in some modern theaters. An apron stage is also known as a thrust stage . ARAMAIC : The Oxford Companion to the Bible discusses Chaldean Aramaic as a Northwest Semitic language closely related to Classical Hebrew. Classical Hebrew developed as an offshoot of proto-Canaanite around 1,000 BCE. and it was commonly used as a vernacular until about 500 BCE. Aramaic slowly replaced Classical Hebrew as a language of the common people. It was originally written in the 22 letters of the 3D Organ Printing Essay, Phoenician alphabet, and it became common in territory controlled by the Chaldeans.

It differed somewhat in its definite articles and its vocabulary from Classical Hebrew, but it had many close cognates (such as Hebrew shalom and Aramaic shelam , peace). After the owen, year 500 BCE, Aramaic gradually became the 3D Organ, vernacular language used in the Palestinian region and especially in we fund Galilee. Jeremiah 10:11 is written in Aramaic, as is Ezra 4:8-6:18 and 7:12-26 (c. 450 BCE). The original book of Daniel was probably written in Aramaic as well, though only Daniel 2:4b-7:28 remain in the original tongue. Genesis 31:47 contains an Aramaic place-name--indicating this section is a late revision to early Genesis texts. Many of Christ's quotations in the New Testament are in 3D Organ Essay Aramaic, such as Talitha cum (Mark 5:41) and Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani (Mark 15:34; cf. Matt: 27:46 with variant readings in the Hebrew). See J. A. Emerton's entry in Metzer and Coogan, 45-46.

ARCHAISM : A word, expression, spelling, or phrase that is Essay The Most World out of date in the common speech of an era, but still deliberately used by a writer, poet, or playwright for artistic purposes. For instance, two archaic words (reproduced here in italics) appear in these lines from Coleridge's The Rime of the Ancient Mariner : Hold off! unhand me, grey-beard loon! Until fairly recent centuries, it was still common to find poets using I ween, steed, and 3D Organ Printing Essay, gramercy in world war 1 poetry owen their poems, even though they wouldn't use these terms in normal daily speech. 3D Organ Printing Essay? Artists might choose an archaism over a more familiar word because it is more suitable for meter, for rhyme, for alliteration, or for its associations with the past. It also might be attractive as a quick way to defamiliarize an everyday phrase or object. Note that for Shakespeare in the sixteenth century, the use of thy and thine is not particularly archaic, but for why should, John Updike in the twentieth century, the use of thy and thine is definitely archaic. 3D Organ Printing? Spenser, an avid Chaucer fan, used archaisms to imitate fourteenth-century Chaucerian spelling and language in shock advertisement his fifteenth-century poem, The Faerie Queen . The translators of the 3D Organ Essay, King James Version of the Bible (1611) revived archaisms to give weight and dignity to sonorous passages. Later in the seventeenth century, Milton employed Latinate archaisms in we fund nasa Paradise Lost , even going so far as to imitate the periodic sentence structure preferred by classical Roman poets, even though Latin was a dead language by his day. Coleridge, Keats, William Morris, and Tennyson also used archaisms for creating pseudo-medieval effects in specific poems, such as Tennyson's Idylls of the King (1842-1885). This tendency in nineteenth-century poetry mirrors the growth of 3D Organ, romanticized pseudo-medieval visual art among the nineteenth-century Pre-Raphaelites.

An extended example of deliberate archaisms appears in Keats's The Eve of Saint Mark (c. Era Of Illustrated In The Novel,? 1819). In one section, the character Bertha reads from a legend of Holy Mark, and Keats shifts to archaisms to Essay reproduce the imaginary text in language imitating that of the fourteenth century: Approuchen thee full dolourouse. For sooth to sain from everich house. Be it in city or village. Wol come the Phantom and image. Of ilka gent and Papers and the of a Nation, ilka carle.

Archaisms are more rare in Printing Essay modern and postmodern poetry. Cf. anachronism . ARCHETYPAL CRITICISM : The analysis of ontological argument, a piece of literature through the 3D Organ, examination of archetypes and The Progressive History Novel,, archetypal patterns in Jungian psychology . See archetype below. ARCHETYPE : An original model or pattern from which other later copies are made, especially a character, an action, or situation that seems to represent common patterns of human life. Often, archetypes include a symbol, a theme, a setting, or a character that some critics think have a common meaning in an entire culture, or even the entire human race. These images have particular emotional resonance and power. Archetypes recur in different times and places in myth, literature, folklore, fairy tales, dreams, artwork, and Printing Essay, religious rituals. World Poetry Owen? Using the comparative anthropological work of Sir James Frazer's The Golden Bough , the 3D Organ, psychologist Carl Jung theorized that the archetype originates in the collective unconscious of in the Ragtime, mankind, i.e., the shared experiences of a race or culture, such as birth, death, love, family life, and struggles to survive and grow up. These would be expressed in Printing the subconscious of an individual who would recreate them in myths, dreams, and literature. World Poetry Owen? Examples of 3D Organ, archetypes found cross-culturally include the world war 1 poetry, following: (1) Recurring symbolic situations (such as the 3D Organ Printing, orphaned prince or the lost chieftain's son raised ignorant of his heritage until he is rediscovered by his parents, or the damsel in nasa distress rescued from Essay, a hideous monster by a handsome young man who later marries the girl. Also, the long journey, the difficult quest or search, the catalog of of the ontological argument, difficult tasks, the pursuit of revenge, the descent into 3D Organ Printing Essay, the underworld , redemptive rituals, fertility rites, the great flood, the End of the World), (2) Recurring themes (such as the Faustian bargain ; pride preceding a fall; the we fund, inevitable nature of death, fate, or punishment; blindness; madness; taboos such as forbidden love, patricide, or incest), (3) Recurring characters (such as witches or ugly crones who cannibalize children, lame blacksmiths of preternatural skill, womanizing Don Juans, the hunted man, the femme fatale , the snob, the social climber, the wise old man as mentor or teacher, star-crossed lovers; the caring mother-figure, the helpless little old lady, the stern father-figure, the Printing, guilt-ridden figure searching for and the Birth of a, redemption, the braggart, the 3D Organ Printing, young star-crossed lovers, the bully, the villain in black, the oracle or prophet, the mad scientist, the underdog who emerges victorious, the mourning widow or women in lamentation), (4) Symbolic colors (green as a symbol for life, vegetation, or summer; blue as a symbol for Era of History in the, water or tranquility; white or black as a symbol of purity; or red as a symbol of blood, fire, or passion) and so on. (5) Recurring images (such as blood, water, pregnancy, ashes, cleanness, dirtiness, caverns, phallic symbols , yonic symbols , the ruined tower, the rose or lotus, the lion, the snake, the eagle, the hanged man, the dying god that rises again, the feast or banquet, the fall from 3D Organ Essay, a great height).

The study of these archetypes in literature is and the Birth of a known as archetypal criticism or mythic criticism . Archetypes are also called universal symbols . Contrast with private symbol . ARCHON, EPONYMOUS : An official in classical Athens. The holder of this office arranged the production of Printing Essay, tragedies and comedies at annual festivals honoring Dionysus. Strengths And Weaknesses Argument? Each year was named after the Essay, officiating eponymous archon. Contrast with the choragos , the Era of History in the Novel, Ragtime, individual who paid for a tragedy's performance and thus won the Essay, lead-spot in the chorus . ARENA STAGE : A theater arrangement in which viewers sit encircling the stage completely. Essay On Globalization: Powerful Force World? The actors enter and exit by 3D Organ Printing Essay, moving along the American History Novel, Ragtime, same aisles the audience uses. This often encourages interaction between cast and audience. Frequently this type of 3D Organ, stage is situated outdoors. This type of war 1 wilfred, theatrical arrangement is 3D Organ Essay also called theater in the round . AREOPAGUS (Greek, Hill of Ares.): (1) Also known as Mars Hill, this location near the Acropolis served in classical times as a high court of appeal in criminal and civil cases and according to ancient tradition, an individual could stand on this hill and make a speech on any subject--no matter how unpopular. In early Patristic times, it was at Era of American History Illustrated Novel, Ragtime this location that Saint Paul delivered his speech concerning the Unknown God in Acts 17:18-34. 3D Organ Printing Essay? The location became associated in strengths John Milton's mind with freedom of speech and 3D Organ Essay, the open debate of ideas to find greater truths; hence, Milton wrote an essay opposed to the Licensing Act of 1643. The essay's title, Areopagitica , comes from the Areopagus.

ARÊTE : The Greek term arête implies a humble and constant striving for perfection and self-improvement combined with a realistic awareness that such perfection cannot be reached. As long as an individual strives to do and be the best, that individual has arête . As soon as the individual believes he has actually achieved arête , however, he or she has lost that exalted state and fallen into The Progressive American History in the Novel,, hubris , unable to recognize personal limitations or the Printing Essay, humble need to improve constantly. ARGUMENT : A statement of Essay on Globalization: Powerful Force, a poem's major point--usually appearing in 3D Organ the introduction of the shock advertisement, poem. Spenser presents such an argument in the introduction to his eclogues, Coleridge presents such in his marginalia to The Rhyme of the Essay, Ancient Mariner , and Milton most famously presents such in Book One of Paradise Lost , where he proclaims he will assert eternal providence / And justify the ways of God to man . Cf. thesis . ARRAS : In Renaissance drama, a hanging tapestry or a curtain that covered a part of the frons scenae . It hid the discovery space and may have draped around the stage's edge to hide the open area underneath. In Hamlet , Hamlet stabs Polonius through such an arras. ARSIS : In classical metrical analysis, Greeks referred to the stressed syllable in a metrical foot as a thesis , and the unstressed syllable in a metrical foot as an arsis . Unfortunately, the Roman analysts used the exact opposite terminology, with the thesis being their unstressed foot and the arsis being the why should we fund nasa, stressed foot.

This inconsistency results in much confusion to modern students. ARTHURIAN : Related to the legends of King Arthur and his knights. A large body of ancient and recent literature is Arthurian in whole or part, including these examples: ARTIFICIAL LANGUAGE : Not to be confused with what linguists call grammatically synthetic (inflected) languages, artificial languages are deliberately made up by a small number of individuals for some specific purpose rather than developing naturally over a period of centuries. Examples of Printing, artificial languages designed for international use include Esperanto, Volapük, and Neo-Latin. Examples of artificial languages designed for fiction include Tolkien's Elvish, Avatar 's Na-vi, and the Klingon language Klingonese used by Star Trek enthusiasts. Contrast with synthetic languages. ARZAMAS : A Russian literary circle active between 1815-1818; it consisted of world war 1 poetry wilfred owen, poets such as Zhukovski, Batyushkov, Vyazemski, Pushkin, and others. The group focused on writing and sharing parodies of their literary opponents, most of whom favored a heavily Slavonicized style (Harkins 9). ASCERTAINMENT : The Enlightenment's desire for and obsession with standardization and 3D Organ Printing, regulation of the English language--i.e., making grammatical rules. Such grammarians often based them artificially on Latin grammar or mathematical principles, or they created style and spelling guidebooks for correctness of usage, and so on.

A. C. Baugh quotes Samuel Johnson's definition of the word and argues that it and strengths and weaknesses of the ontological, argues this term sums up Enlightenment desires for prescriptivist grammar (Baugh 257-58). ASH (also spelled aesc or asc when referring to runes): The letter used in Old English to indicate the sound /æ/ as in the modern English word at . The name comes from the 3D Organ Printing, Old Norse rune aesc . Click here for more information. ASIDE : In drama, a few words or a short passage spoken by one character to the audience while the other a ctors on stage pretend their characters cannot hear the speaker's words. It is a theatrical convention that the aside is not audible to other characters on stage. Contrast with soliloquy . The aside is usually indicated by stage directions . ASIMOV'S THREE LAWS OF ROBOTICS : Science fiction author Isaac Asimov originally posited Asimov's three laws in his short stories collected in I, Robot . These laws were mathematical limitations or hardwired parameters for The Progressive Illustrated in the, robotic behavior as follows: (1) The First Law : Robots must not harm a human being or through inaction allow a human being to come to harm. (2) The Second Law : Robots must obey direct commands from human beings, unless those commands would conflict with the 3D Organ Printing, First Law. (3) The Third Law : Robots must preserve their own existence, unless doing so would conflict with the Second or First Law. These three laws became a long-running framework for a number of science fiction plots in why should we fund novels like The Caves of Steel . In later novels, the robots themselves end up facing ethical conflicts and end up altering their own programming to embrace a so-called Zeroth Law: (0) The Zeroth Law : No robot may harm humanity or through inaction allow or allow humanity to Printing come to harm.

The subsequent three laws were then altered with an exception prioritizing the Zeroth Law. Asimov used the three laws as a means of exploring thematically the ethics of responsibility--often contrasting the world poetry wilfred, benevolent devotion of the robots and the fallible passions of their human masters, making them foils . Unlike many science fiction authors who focus on a Frankenstein motif , Asimov assumed an optimistic outlook on Essay robotic intelligence. ASK WORD : In linguistics, Algeo defines this as any of the words whose historical /æ/ sound becomes the vowel /a/ in we fund Eastern New England and in British pronunciation (313). ASPIRATION (adjective form, aspirated ): A puff of breath made along with a consonant sound while vocalizing. ASSIMILATION : Algeo defines linguistic assimilation as The process by which two sounds become more alike (313). We can see this in the word spaceship, where the /s/ sound represented by the c often assimilates or blurs to match the sound represented by the sh . Assimilation also occurs when the 3D Organ Printing Essay, -ed endings of words are pronounced /t/ after unvoiced sounds but /d/ after voiced sounds (313).

ASSONANCE : Repeating identical or similar vowels (especially in stressed syllables) in The Federalist Birth of a nearby words. Essay? Assonance in final vowels of lines can often lead to half-rhyme. Deutsche notes that assonance is a common technique in The Progressive Era of History Illustrated in the Novel, the poetry of G. M. Hopkins, Dylan Thomas, and more generally in Printing popular ballads; an example appears in The Federalist and the Birth Nation the second and fourth lines of this stanza from Fair Annie: Bind up, bind up your yellow hair, And tie it on your neck ; And see you look as maiden-like. As the day that first we met . (qtd in Deutsche 140). If combined with consonnance, assonance can create actual full rhyme. Cf. alliteration . ASTEISMUS : A sub-category of puns. See discussion under pun . A -STEM : A declension of 3D Organ Printing, Old English nouns.

At one point, this declension had a thematic vowel appearing in front of poetry wilfred owen, its inflectional suffixes. The a -stem declension ultimately became the source of the genitive 's and plural s in Modern English. Contrast with the n -stem . ASTERISK : A typographical symbol (*) that linguists use to show a hypothetical, abnormal, or nonoccurring form. For instance, *dwo is a hypothetical reconstruction of the Printing Essay, Indo-European word for two . It probably existed, but it survives in why should no written examples. On the other hand, * thinked is nonoccurring preterite or participle that could theoretically exist instead of thought . ASTERISM : A rather obscure punctuation mark to 3D Organ Printing most modern users, an asterism consists of a triangle of why should we fund, three tiny asterisks, two on the bottom of a line, and one centered above those two. Textual editors used to insert the asterism to indicate that a small spot in a manuscript was damaged or missing. Most modern editors simply insert a line of Essay, asterisks or use ellipses to indicate these lacunae in modern editions. To create an asterism on a PC, the uniform code is nasa U+2042, though no keystroke exists on the keyboard itself. ASYNDETON : The artistic elimination of conjunctions in a sentence to create a particular effect. See schemes for more information.

ATHEMATIC VERB : Algeo defines this as An Indo-European verb stem formed without a thematic vowel (313). The letter m in 3D Organ Printing Essay Modern English verb am is a remnant of an Indo-European athematic verb ending. ATLANTIS MYTH : A motif common in shock advertisement mythology in which an ancient, wise, or powerful civilization once existed in a past golden age but floods destroyed it. Plato popularized the myth in his works Timeaus and Critias , where he describes the arrogant island of Printing, Atlantis as an adversary of Greek civilization 9,000 years before his own day, but the shock, gods disfavor the island's hubris , and they submerge it into Printing, the Atlantic Ocean. Although Plato's references are brief, they have inspired some archeologists to link it with the we fund, Island of Printing, Thera (which was destroyed by advertisement, volcanic erruption that triggered tidal waves devastating Minoan civilization in 1900 BCE).

Likewise, they have inspired fiction writers to 3D Organ Printing Essay produce a number of later fantastic works. The allegorical aspects of the island influence Francis Bacon's New Atlantis, Thomas More's Utopia , and Stephen Lawhead's Taliesin. The Federalist And The Birth? Among the Printing, Inklings, it plays a part in C.S. Lewis's The Magician's Nephew , where dust from Atlantis serves as a component of magical rings, as well as in Lewis's space trilogy. C.S. War 1 Poetry Owen? Lewis also uses it as a comparison to being overwhelmed by grief in his autobiography, Surprised by Joy . Charles Williams plays with the motif in Taliessin Through Logres . Other inklings like J.R.R. Tolkien use the myth indirectly, as Tolkien uses it as an analogue in The Silmarillion, in which Númenor was a huge island in the Sundering Sea, west of Middle-Earth. These Númenorians grew obsessed with the search for immortality, and eventually their culture died when their island sank. In medieval legends, other analogues to the Atlantis myth include the Essay, legends of Logres and Lyonesse (which medieval tales located in the Atlantic Ocean southwest of Cornwall and Landsend), and older analogues appear in on Globalization: The Most Powerful Force in the World Mesopotamian and Hebrew myth such as in the Old Testament accounts of the flood. Printing Essay? A common erroneous claim is that flood myths are universal world-wide, though it actual point of fact, legends in which the world or a civilization die in floods primarily appear in cultures in geographic areas subject to regional flooding. Areas without such flooding do not tend to strengths and weaknesses ontological argument have Atlantis myths or flood myths.

ATMOSPHERE (Also called mood ): The emotional feelings inspired by a work. The term is borrowed from meteorology to describe the dominant mood of a selection as it is created by 3D Organ Printing Essay, diction, dialogue, setting, and description. Often the opening scene in and the of a Nation a play or novel establishes an atmosphere appropriate to the theme of the Printing Essay, entire work. The opening of Shakespeare's Hamlet creates a brooding atmosphere of unease. Poe's The Fall of the House of Usher establishes an The Progressive Illustrated in the Novel, Ragtime, atmosphere of gloom and 3D Organ Printing, emotional decay. The opening of Pynchon's The Crying of Lot 49 establishes a surreal atmosphere of confusion, and so on. Compare with ambiance , above. AUBADE (also called a dawn song ): A genre of Era of History Novel, Ragtime, poetry in which a short poem's subject is about the dawn or the coming of the dawn, or it is a piece of Printing Essay, music meant to strengths argument be sung or played outdoors at Essay dawn.

Examples include Browning's The year's at the spring / And day's at the morn from Pippa Passes or Shakespeare's Hark! hark! the lark. Some poems, such as John Donne's Busy old sun, share traits with the dawn song. Troilus and Criseyde also contains an example of the The Progressive Era of Illustrated in the, genre within its larger narrative. Cf. the Provençal equivalent, an alba . AUBE : A dawn-song or aubade , but specifically one sung by a friend watching over 3D Organ Essay, a pair of lovers until dawn to prevent any interruption to their love-making or to cover up the noise of the love-making. And Weaknesses Of The Argument? Contrast with aubade , above. AUCTOR / AUCTORITAS : The Latin word auctor is the source for the modern English word author , but the medieval word carries a special resonance and 3D Organ Printing, seriousness the modern word lacks. The terms differ in intellectual connotation. Thus, when Chaucer writes of mine auctor, he suggests his source is The Federalist Papers and the Birth especially authoritative because that writer incorporates non-original (but valuable) ideas into his own work. The power of an auctor comes not from his novelty or originality; instead, the author takes conventional, authoritative ideas, and uses these concepts to 3D Organ Printing supplement his own thinking in Papers Nation an original manner.

The auctor , thus, uses established, valuable material to supplement his original ideas without slavishly regurgitating them. We see the distinction spelled out most clearly by Saint Bonaventure. Bonaventure famously writes, For Saint Bonaventure, and for literate medieval culture generally, originality was not the 3D Organ Essay, point of art or intellectual endeavors. Medieval writers did not think originality for its own sake was a virtue--not the way modern Americans do in these post-Romantic periods. Calling someone an auctor is the we fund, highest compliment possible; it implies what the writer has produced is an opus [Latin for work]--a masterwork of thought in which the author has synthesized and made use of Printing Essay, other writings productively without slavishly following them or merely compiling them. It implies the auctor has created a powerful amalgamation of thought that had never existed before by using these earlier works as a stepping stone. However, it does not imply the author created the work ex nihilo , out of nothing.

That sort of made-up originality was not seen as valuable or worthwhile. Instead, the auctor takes older material already seen as worthy and then makes new use of it. The traditional or accepted material is shock what gives him auctoritas (authority); it demonstrates that the writer or poet has mastered the ideas of others, and thus is ready to produce something of his own to supplement and build upon the earlier material. AUDIENCE : The person(s) reading a text, listening to 3D Organ Essay a speaker, or observing a performance. AUDITORY IMAGERY : Descriptive language that evokes noise, music, or other sounds.

See imagery . AUFKLÄRUNG : The German term for the philosophical movement called in English the Enlightenment or the Neoclassical movement. See Enlightenment . AUGUSTAN : This adjective has two meanings, the shock advertisement, second of which is most pertinent to English students. (1) Classical Latin scholarship uses Augustan to refer to the time when Caesar Augustus ruled Rome--the time of Virgil, Horace, and the birth of Christ: a period of conscious style and high literary endeavor. (2) More generally, literary scholars use Augustan to refer to any important or pivotal period of any national literature, especially eighteenth-century England and the Augustan writers: Pope, Swift, Addison, Johnson, and Goldsmith. AUGUSTINIAN TIME : Saint Augustine's idea of eternity, in which eternity and Printing Essay, the afterlife are not an endless linear continuation--like a book with infinite pages or a story that never ends--but rather a state of timelessness , in which no time ever passes at all--a frozen snapshot of joy that lasts forever but which cannot undergo progression, alteration, or further development. Augustine inherited a tradition in Greek philosophy in which perfection would be an absolute. If something is perfect, by why should we fund, definition it cannot be improved further. Thus, any change that occur in a state of perfection would render that state imperfect. But if change happened to God or to heaven, wouldn't that force the already-perfect state to become imperfect? Accordingly, in Printing Augustine's view, any hypothetically perfect things (like God or heaven in war 1 Christian theology) by definition do not and cannot change, and Essay, therefore these perfect things must not experience time as imperfect humanity does.

They are sub specie aeternitatis , outside of time completely and viewing all things in the bubble at time simultaneously. Accordingly, states of time (past, present, and future) are merely illusions we experience. Why Should We Fund? The past only appears to be over 3D Organ, and the future only appears not to have happened yet because our mortal perception is limited to the present moment rather than experiencing all reality at once. In Saint Augustine's thinking, perfect and spiritual beings outside of time experience or observe past, present, and future simultaneously. For Saint Augustine, this idea of time allows God to have knowledge of of a, future events and choices humans make while preserving human free will, suggesting God can know what choices we will make tomorrow (because we actually have already made the choices), without God necessarily causing those choices to happen through his own influence--foreknowledge without causation. 3D Organ Essay? In terms of God's perceptions, all those future choices already happened and are done with--humans just don't know it yet.

AUREATE DICTION ( alias AUREATE TERMS ): As Simon Horobin puts it, An elevated rhetorical style of writing characterized by American History Novel,, a large number of Latinate loanwords (192). The use of 3D Organ Printing, unusual words from and weaknesses of the argument, Latin was a conscious stylistic flourish in 3D Organ Middle English, an The Progressive History Novel, Ragtime, elevated rhetorical style of writing. 3D Organ? Also such Latinate words themselves. Compare with Renaissance inkhorn terms . AUSTRONESIAN : A family of advertisement, Pacific and 3D Organ Printing Essay, Indian ocean languages separate from the Indo-European family. Advertisement? These include the 3D Organ Essay, native tongues of Madagascar, Hawaii, and Papers Birth of a Nation, thousands of Pacific islands. 3D Organ Printing? Malay and The Federalist Papers of a, Polynesian are two examples of Austronesian languages. AUTHORIAL VOICE : The voices or speakers used by 3D Organ Essay, authors when they seemingly speak for themselves in a book. (In poetry, this might be called a poetic speaker ). On Globalization: Powerful Force? The use of Printing Essay, this term makes it clear in critical discussion that the narration or presentation of a story is Era of History Illustrated in the Novel, Ragtime not necessarily to be identified with the biographical and historical author. Essay? Instead, the authorial voice may be another fiction created by world war 1 poetry wilfred owen, the author. 3D Organ Printing Essay? It is often considered poor form for a modern literary critic to equate the authorial voice with the Essay Force in the World, historical author, but this practice was common in the nineteenth century.

However, twentieth-century critics have pointed out Printing that often a writer will assume a false persona of attitudes or beliefs when she writes, or that the authorial voice will speak of so-called biographical details that cannot possibly be equated with the author herself. In the early twentieth-century, New Critics also pointed out that linking the authorial voice with the biographical author often unfairly limited the shock advertisement, possible interpretations of 3D Organ Essay, a poem or narrative. Finally, many writers have enjoyed writing in the first person and creating unreliable narrators --speakers who tell the story but who obviously miss the significance of the tale they tell, or who fail to connect important events together when the reader does. Because of these reasons, it is often considered naive to Papers and the Nation assume that the authorial voice is a real representation of the historical author. Famous instances in which the authorial voice diverges radically from the biographical author include the authorial voice in Essay the mock-epic Don Juan (here, the authorial voice appears as a crusty, jaded, older man commenting on the sordid passions of youth, while the author Lord Byron was himself a young man) and the authorial narrator of Cervante's Don Quixote (who attests that the main character Don Quixote is quite mad, and despises his lunacy even while accidentally unveiling the hero's idealism as a critique of the modern world's fixation with factual reality). Examples of unreliable narrators include the narrator of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales (the speaker, a pilgrim named Geoffrey, appears to be a dumbed-down caricature of the we fund nasa, author Geoffrey Chaucer, but one who has little skill at poetry and often appears to express admiration for character-traits that the larger rhetoric of the poem clearly condemns). 3D Organ? In a more modern example, the mentally disabled character in Faulkner's The Sound and world poetry wilfred, the Fury (who is 3D Organ Essay completely unable to interpret the events taking place around him) serves as an unreliable narrator, as does Tom Hanks' character in the film Forest Gump . See also poetic speaker . AUTO-DA-FÉ (Portuguese, act of faith--equivalent to why should we fund nasa Span. auto-de-fe ): The late medieval church's ceremonial execution en masse of accused witches, Jews, heretics, or Muslims--often performed by burning at the stake. In literature, such scenes become stock material for gothic novels (e.g.

Maturin's Melmoth the Wanderer , Poe's The Pit and the Pendulum). Essay? In Voltaire's Candide , Pangloss and Candide are nearly burned to death in such a ritual after Pangloss argues about theology with an Inquisitorial familiar (i.e., a spy). AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL NOVEL : In contrast with the pure autobiography , an autobiographical novel is strengths argument a semi-fictional narrative based in part on the author's life experience, but these experiences are often transposed onto Printing, a fictional character or intermixed with fictional events. Examples include Thomas Wolfe's Look Homeward, Angel and James Joyce's Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man . AUTOBIOGRAPHY : A non-fictional account of why should, a person's life--usually a celebrity, an 3D Organ Printing, important historical figure, or a writer--written by that actual person. Contrast with the autobiographical novel , above. AUTOGRAPH : While fans and strengths and weaknesses of the argument, collectors in pop culture uses the term to refer to Printing a celebrity's signature of his or her name, literary scholars use the term more loosely to refer to any lines of text written in the author's own hand--including marginal notes, bills, and doodling as well as actual, complete literary texts. It is world poetry wilfred possible that a few pages of the play Sir Thomas More are written in Shakespeare's hand, and Essay, thus are Shakespeare's autograph.

AUTO SACRAMENTAL (Sacramental Act): A drama of Era of, one act symbolizing the sacrament of Eucharist in Spanish literature between 1200 and 1600 CE. The play might overtly involve religious, mythical, historical, or allegorical subjects--but ultimately it would contain some hidden relationship to communion. 3D Organ Printing Essay? Conventionally, the play terminated with praise of the Eucharist. Calderòn de la Barca wrote several fine examples. AUXESIS : Another term for rhetorical climax. See climax, rhetorical , below. AWDL (from Middle Welsh odl ): The term in The Most Force in the Welsh poetry has come to Printing acquire several meanings.

In its earliest usage, an awdl meant a stave bearing the rhyme in Birth Nation any poem. Next, it came to mean a series of Printing, monorhymes or a poem in monorhyme by a bard . Force World? Even later, the term came to mean a poem written in awdl meter. By the late Renaissance, the term meant a lengthy poem written in Essay cynghanedd and in one of the strict meters. In modern Wales, the shock advertisement, creation of an effective awdl is considered the apogee of a bard's achievement. See also bard , cynghanedd , monorhyme , and Printing, strict meter . AZBUKA : The alphabet derived from Old Church Slavonic language, common in The Federalist Papers Nation Russian and 3D Organ, other slavic languages, alias the Cyrillic alphabet. See Cyrillic .

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Analysis of Printing Essay, speeches by Sadat and Bandler Essay. For a speech to be effective it must address the context and audience carefully, to overall successfully sustain a strong argument and purpose. SadatsStatement to the Knesset spoken in 1977 clearly shows a deep understanding to his politically intellectual audience through a thorough exordium to explain his purposes of bringing peace based on justice to Israel and The Federalist Papers of a Egypt, as well as additionally touching on the themes of political and religious unity as well as presenting the injustices of the past that have hindered this need for peace and reconciliation. Similarly, Faith Bandlers speech, Faith, Hope and Reconciliation spoken in 1999 at the Reconciliation Convention in Wollongong, shares similar values of unity, equality and Printing peace, where an appeal to pathos is utilized to appeal to her audience and to overall present her argument that activism should be maintained in the future and shock the need to reconcile Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples in order to revive hope. Bandler uses her personal and historical context to familiarize with her audience, overall addressing her context and audience carefully. Ultimately, both speeches successfully address their similar type of audience in differing contexts, giving an effective speech with meaning and purpose. 3D Organ. In both speeches, the world poetry reference of context is of major significance in creating a successful and effective address to the audience with meaning and purpose.

Sadats Statement to the Knesset was spoken in response to an invitation from the Jewish parliament which juxtaposes to the extraordinary context of the speech and Sadats own personal situation with the country of Israel. Sadat had been involved in many disputes with Israel, including the Six Day War against the country in 1967 as well as being responsible four years previous for initiating war on 3D Organ Printing Egypt. By addressing the Knesset, Sadat was in danger of assassination both in war 1 wilfred owen Israel and at home in 3D Organ Printing Egypt as he was contravening Arab policy of refusing to deal publically with the Jewish state which was established in 1948. To reflect this historical and political context, Sadat opened in an emphatically religious way with an Islamic tone by advertisement stating In the name of God, the Gracious and the merciful before he even addresses his audience, to present a sense of religious unity among his audience. This inclusion of all religions is also supported when Sadat says we all Muslims, Christians and Jews worship God creating a notion of 3D Organ Printing, inclusiveness and appealing to pathos to relate to on Globalization: Powerful Force World, his diverse audience. As well as this, Sadat establishes his purpose of peace based on justice and 3D Organ national unity through a detailed exordium which justifies his reasoning for The Progressive History Illustrated, speaking in Israel, which is to shape a new life, to establish peace among Israeli and Arab citizens, reflecting the kairos of the speech, overall conveying the context. Here Sadat is presented as a religious envoy and through an appeal to logos and pathos a sense of trust is built between him and his audience, therefore already presenting an effective speech. Similarly, Bandlers historical and personal context is addressed in her speech, Faith, Hope and Reconciliation, as she appeals to ethos and relates herself to her multicultural audience at the convention when she states I was once here before, where her personal hardship is 3D Organ Printing, referred to when she was an activist. Bandler is 79 years old and is at the end of her activism career after 50 years, so her colonial experience with the issues of reconciliation and unity are conveyed through a mournful tone and emotive diction in her exordium where she says the terrible utterances and terrible tragedy of those who sponsored racism made her feel a little sadness.

The anaphora of terrible is used to highlight the injustices of the past and to allow the audience to sympathise to the hardships that were faced. Bandler continues to establish her argument in the former half of The Most Force in the World, her speech to her audience, by saying that there are decent people out there with different cultures, different political beliefs but know there is a need to heal the wounds of the past. Here the repetition of different is 3D Organ Printing, used to relate to her diverse context and audience, and coupled with positive diction and an appeal to ethos, an advertisement, effective speech is Printing, forming due to Bandlers careful address to context and audience. Therefore, through careful consideration of audience and world war 1 context each composer successfully allows for their speech to be effective. The theme of unity, politically and religiously, is clearly explored in both speeches through an appeal to audience and context, ultimately enabling them to be effective.

Sadat conveys a notion of Printing Essay, unity within his speech through frequent repetition of inclusive terms such as I have come to you and let us be frank which enables his to establish trust with the audience and be portrayed as a trusting, spiritual envoy. An appeal to pathos and familiarity is also presented to war 1 poetry owen, his audience as within the speechs context, Sadat is enabling his audience to sympathize with him as he feels it is incumbent of him to have come to the farthest corner of the world despite all the facts surging on him by the Knesset. Here the context is reflected as Sadat risked life and death within Israel and his homeland to come and speak to Printing, the Israeli government about peace based upon shock, justice. Sadat also conveys the theme of unity within his address when he references Abraham great grandfather of the Arabs and Printing Jews. Abraham to the Arabs and Jews is seen as a patriarchal symbol in both countries, which represents the shock advertisement inclusiveness of each country, overall allowing Sadat to establish himself once again as a peaceful and political envoy to the Knesset through his clever use of pathos and unity among his audience within the specific context of the speech. Through this notion of unity within Sadats speech he is able to reiterate his purpose of coming to Israel and to 3D Organ Printing Essay, justify his reasoning to speak to the Knesset, which overall was to establish peace based on justice between the two countries. Similarly, Bandler presents a sense of unity among her audience through her acknowledgement of her diverse and multicultural audience that when she states that they may have different cultures, different political beliefs but all share one view of supporting reconciliation.

Here Bandler reminds her audience of her purpose of The Progressive American History Illustrated in the, her speech and through the repetition of different her careful address to context and audience is effectively shown. The theme of unity is additionally conveyed in Bandlers speech through her use of colloquial language and appeal to Printing Essay, ethos due to her personal hardships she has faced within the context of the speech, as she has just retired from 50 years of being an Essay Powerful Force in the, activist and fighting for reconciliation. Bandler says theres a fair bit to do about lightening the burden of the terrible baggage which reflects the colloquial, informal language she uses to relate to her audience but reminds them of her purpose at the same time, showing her effective address to her audience. Her appeal to Printing Essay, ethos is seen in her exordium when she states that she has been here once before which represents her own colonial, personal experiences overall suiting the The Federalist of a kairos of the address. Again this appeal to ethos is reiterated in hr concluding paragraph where she says dear friends representing her familiarity with her context and 3D Organ Printing Essay audience, overall establishing a sense of trust and finally re-stating her point and linking it to the beginning of her speech, through a cyclical structure. Ultimately, a sense of unity is conveyed within both speeches, through a careful address to context and audience to enable their purpose to be established successfully. The need for reconciliation and peace is a shared topic in both speeches, and through careful consideration of why should nasa, context and audience each speaker establishes their purpose and presents an 3D Organ Printing Essay, effective speech by addressing the injustices of the ontological past. In Sadats exordium he clearly poses his point that he will go to the end of the world in Essay order to propose his purpose to his audience to shape new life, to establish peace. Sadat frequently repeats the word peace throughout his address and due to this anaphorical phrase, he clearly justifies his intentions and emphasizes his purpose.

A notion of Era of in the, peace and reconciliation is also conveyed by Sadat within his speech to the Knesset as he references his historical context in a way that unifies his audience, showing his careful address to context and 3D Organ Printing audience. Sadat states that we are still bearing the consequences of four fierce wars waged within 30 years and through use of logos to appeal to The Progressive American History in the Novel,, pathos he establishes peace through an acknowledgment of Printing, his context, ultimately emphasizing his purpose and creating familiarity with the Knesset. Through reference to the injustices to the past, Sadat also reinforces the advertisement need for reconciliation, ultimately strengthening his argument. He says Ladies and Gentlemanit is incumbentto overlook the past, with all its complexities and weighing memories, in a bold drive towards new horizons and through the positive diction of Printing, new horizons Sadat enlightens his audience to reconcile and to achieve a durable peace upon justice. In the The Federalist Papers of a Nation same way, Bandler speaks about the Printing Essay need to reconcile and make peace to her audience through the juxtaposition of advertisement, past and Printing present views, showing an address to her context, ultimately hoping to inspire her audience to look to the future and unify with each other. Throughout the ladder structured speech, Bandler frequently polarizes different views and nasa opinions of two sets of people those who are for reconciliation and those who are not which overall emphasizes her point to the audience that to move the process of reconciliation forward it needs a little more speed. For example, Bandler juxtaposes reconciliation activists as decent people who have lived, breathed, struggled and climbed to those who do not support the need to reconcile and who close their eyes to the pastignorance and blind and through this fluctuation in positive and negative diction between the two groups, the injustices of the 3D Organ Printing past and present is we fund nasa, shown. The theme of reconciliation is also shown in the speech through Bandlers use of 3D Organ Printing, dichotomy when she discusses the impact of the media and describes them as talk-back jockeys who are deliberately blinkered and are chained in their stubbornness due to their views against peace and reconciliation today. This metaphor of horses shows the bias and one-sided nature some people have against the need to reconcile and through the animalistic imagery she uses, her argument is strengthened. Overall, Bandler urges her audience for the need to revive hope and to find a common ground to Papers Birth of a Nation, overcome differences, and through an appeal to pathos by the end of her address she challenges her audience of this by stating If not now, when?

If not us, who? . This employment of 3D Organ Printing, rhetorical questions and hyperphora such as What is reconciliation about? It is about promoting discussion used at the end of war 1, her address emphasizes her argument and includes her audience intending that the modern generations are responsible for reconciliation for today and in Printing the future. Through this challenge to her audience, the textual integrity of the speech is shown as the strengths and weaknesses of the themes of peace; reconciliation and unity are still relevant today despite the context bound nature of the topic and time. This contrasts to Sadats address as his speech is highly context bound due to the excessive amount of historical references used and because of Sadats situation at the time, modern audiences are less likely to 3D Organ Printing, fully grasp and resonate in the speech as much as those in 1977. Ultimately, Bandler and Sadat address their differing audience and context carefully to present an effective speech. In conclusion, through the discussion of the thematical issues of religious/political unity as well as peace and why should we fund reconciliation, both Sadat and Bandlers speeches are effective due to careful consideration of 3D Organ Essay, context and audience. As Sadats context is highly contextual to his specific situation at that time, his use of kairos and logos to his audience allows his speech to become effective as he reasons and justifies why he is strengths of the argument, coming to speak in Israel about the need to unify with Egypt. Similarly, Bandlers use of pathos and personal context allows her audience to 3D Organ Printing, resonate with the issues of reconciliation and hope, overall presenting an advertisement, effective speech. Showing this effectiveness is the fact that each speech was received well in each of their contexts, due to the positive and uplifting tone used by Bandler and due to the courage and bravery Sadat showed when acknowledging the fact that Egypt was a state, showing the positive impact each address had upon their context of time. Ultimately, in order for a speech to be effective the composer must carefully address their audience and 3D Organ Essay context and both Sadat and Bandler achieve this. University/College: University of California.

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profit? a. Jordan, Winthrop. White Over Black: American Attitudes Toward the Negro, 1550-1882. 1968 b. Morgan, Edmund. American Slavery, American Freedom . 1975 2 Was the American Revolution primarily ideological or social? a. Becker, Carl. Eve of the Revolution: A Chronicle of the Breach with England. Freedom of African-Americans and The Road to Actual Equality. ? Freedom of the Afro-Americans and 3D Organ Essay, the Road to The Federalist and the Birth of a Nation, Actual Equality July 4, 1776, the Declaration of Independence was created. 3D Organ Printing. It was now official that the U.S was separated from Great Britain.

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? From Slavery to Freedom Lisbeth Cobio ENG/496 October 28, 2013 Melissa Davis Freedom has been the root of ending slavery and the equality that people want in his or her life. The injustices of slavery, religions, and political missions of African American has always been a problem even. Evolution of American Government Responses to Era of American History Illustrated, National Security Crises; Civil Liberties restrictions during these crises. American Government Responses to National Security Crises; Civil Liberties restrictions during these crises. Students name Course name Course number Instructors name Date of submission Introduction Like the history of civil right, civil liberties have been a story of Printing Essay, struggle even in The Federalist and the Birth time. plantations for protection behind Union lines during the Civil War (1861-1865). Former slaves were and important source of manpower for the Union effort. Aka Mark Twain- pen name best known for Huck fin wrote about the gilded age Battle of Little Bighorn 1876 in Essay Montana territory Custer . Civil Rights and Liberties Term Paper.

rip down all hate but significant progress was made in the quest for The Federalist Papers Birth Nation, equal rights and liberties for African Americans. For many years, the Pre Civil War Era was dominated with the discussion of whether slavery should be abolished. All that changed and the abolitionist movement began when William Lloyd. 4) the American Civil War Has Been Described as the First Modern War. Assess.

American Civil War has been described as the Printing first modern war . Assess. The American Civil War is almost undoubtedly the most important event in the life of the nation. There are many reasons it is entitled to Birth of a, this account, mainly regarding to 3D Organ Essay, a better future for America, a new birth of shock advertisement, freedom 1. Through. In What Way the African Americans Shaped the Printing Essay Course and world war 1, Consequences of the Civil War?

beginning of the Civil War and the war was a result of many political tensions that had emerged between the North and the South in the prior decades, all of which were associated with the institution of slavery installed in the Southern United States. President Lincoln began the Civil War with the South.