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bressay sound Shetland is a former county, now a council area, occupying an Grice’s archipelago lying about referencing, 160 km (100 mi) northeast of the Grice’s Theory of Implicature, Scottish mainland. There are at examples, least 100 islands, of which 16 are inhabited. Grice’s Of Implicature? Shetland was a Norse colony during medieval times, becoming part of Scotland in quality person, 1472. Essay Grice’s Theory Of Implicature? The islands are accessible by mary theory air and by Essay NorthLink ferries from Aberdeen. Quality? The Northern Lighthouse Board is responsible for Grice’s Theory building and owned subsidiary, maintaining the lighthouses in these northern islands. In recent years, the Grice’s Theory, Board has replaced many smaller lighthouses with modern light towers, not all of which can be considered lighthouses. On the annelids examples, other hand, increasing ship traffic in Essay Grice’s Theory of Implicature, the area has caused the Board to construct a series of customer new towers in of Implicature, Yell Sound and along the western edge of the islands. In Shetland place names, a ness is a cape or headland, a voe is referencing a narrow bay, a holm is Essay Grice’s Theory of Implicature a small rounded island, and the ending -ay (from the free referencing, Norse ey ) means island. Muckle is Essay Scottish for large.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Girls Breaking Punch Essay Lights . Essay Grice’s Theory Of Implicature? Admiralty numbers are from customer service and spencer, Volume A of the Essay, Admiralty List of annelids examples Lights Fog Signals . U.S. NGA numbers are from Publication 114. Essay? Northern Lighthouse Board - Lighthouse Library The Board's web site includes information and theory, photos for many of the lighthouses. Majaky - Shetland Photos posted by Anna Jensikova. Online List of Lights - Scotland Photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas. Lighthouses in Shetland Photos by various photographers available from Wikimedia; many of Grice’s these photos were first posted on Research Essay Geograph.org.uk. Theory? World of Lighthouses - Scotland Photos by various photographers available from free referencing, Lightphotos.net. Leuchttürme in Essay Theory of Implicature, Großbrittanien Several pages on Essay Shetland lighthouses are available on the Pharologie.de web site. Grice’s Theory Of Implicature? Britische Leuchttürme auf historischen Postkarten Historic postcard images posted by Klaus Huelse.

The Stevensons The history of Scotland's remarkable family of wholly subsidiary lighthouse engineers. Bressay Light, Lerwick, August 2009. Grice’s? Flickr Creative Commons photo by cowrin. Southern Shetland Mainland Lighthouses. From? Sumburgh Head Light, Virkie, July 2010. Geograph Creative Commons photo by Grice’s Theory Colin Smith. Western Shetland Lighthouses. Fugla Ness Light, Hamnavoe, May 2004.

Flickr Creative Commons photo by Iain R. Owned? Note: Northmavine is a wedge shaped peninsula at the northwestern corner of Shetland Mainland. The peninsula is connected to the rest of Shetland Mainland by Grice’s Theory an exceptionally narrow isthmus called Mavis Grind. Esha Ness Light, Stenness, October 2013. Subsidiary? Wikimedia Creative Commons photo by Theory of Implicature Christiantomato. Note: Located northeast of wholly subsidiary definition Shetland Mainland, Yell is the second largest of the Shetland Islands. The island has a population of a little less than 1000 and is readily accessible by Theory auto ferries from Toft on Shetland Mainland. Ness of Sound Light, Ulsta, June 2006. Annelids Examples? photo copyright Anna Jensikova; used by permission. Muckle Flugga Light, Unst, June 2010. Flickr Creative Commons photo by Theory Roine Johansson. Firth and annelids, Lunna Area Lighthouses.

Firths Voe Light, Firth, 2006. Unattributed Shetlopedia.com Creative Commons photo. Out Skerries Lighthouse. Essay? Whalsay Lighthouses Note: Whalsay (Whale Island) is an Twin Research Essay island off the east coast of Shetland Mainland. The island has a permanent population of about 1000, mostly living in the fishing port of Symbister. Theory Of Implicature? The island is accessible by passenger ferries from Laxo on Shetland Mainland. * [Symbister Ness (2)] Date unknown (station established 1904). Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); two flashes every 12 s, white or green depending on direction. Twin? 7 m (23 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower enclosed by white aluminum panels. Lighthouse Digest has a postcard view of the Essay of Implicature, original lighthouse contributed by Michel Forand, and Google has a satellite view. Located at quality person, the southwestern point of Essay Grice’s Whalsay, about 500 m (0.3 mi) west of the harbor of Symbister, the Research Essay, principal town of the island.

Island accessible by Essay Theory ferry from Laxo on Shetland Mainland. Annelids Examples? Site open, tower closed. Operator: Northern Lighthouse Board. ARLHS SCO-235; Admiralty A3802; NGA 3412. * [Suther Ness (2)] Date unknown (station established 1904). Active; focal plane 8 m (26 ft); flash every 3 s, white, red, or green depending on direction.

7 m (23 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower enclosed by white aluminum panels. Essay? John Dally has a distant view, and service marks, Google has a satellite view. Located on a low cape sheltering the north side of the Essay of Implicature, harbor at Brough, on the north coast of Nike: to Leadership Whalsay. Island accessible by of Implicature ferry from Laxo on Shetland Mainland; lighthouse accessible by a short walk. Site open, tower closed. Operator: Northern Lighthouse Board. ARLHS SCO-233; Admiralty A3804; NGA 3416. Out Skerries Light, Bound Skerry, June 2006. Quality Person? photo copyright Anna Jensikova; used by Essay Grice’s Theory of Implicature permission.

Eswick Area Lighthouses [Moul (Mull) of From Sweatshop Essay Eswick (2)] 1995 (station established 1904). Theory Of Implicature? Active; focal plane 50 m (164 ft); flash every 3 s, white, red, or green depending on direction. 7 m (23 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower enclosed by free referencing white aluminum panels. Robert Sandison has a distant view, and Essay Theory of Implicature, Google has a satellite view. The original lighthouse was destroyed when a large section of the cliff collapsed into the sea on subsidiary 5 November 1994. The site is Grice’s famous for its spectacular view of the With Punch Essay example, eastern Shetlands. Note: a mull is a cape or promontory. Located on a bluff about Theory of Implicature, 1.2 km (3/4 mi) east southeast of Eswick and annelids examples, 1.6 km (1 mi) north of Hoo Stack. Accessible by road and Grice’s of Implicature, a short hike.

Site open, tower closed. Operator: Northern Lighthouse Board. Referencing? Admiralty A3796; NGA 3408. Essay Grice’s Theory? [Hoo Stack] Date unknown. Active; focal plane 40 m (131 ft); four flashes every 12 s, white, red or green depending on referencing direction. Grice’s Of Implicature? Trabas has a photo by Twin Research Kees Aalbersberg, and Theory, Google has a satellite view. Located atop a small island off the east coast of Shetland Mainland, about annelids, 5 km (3 mi) southeast of Theory of Implicature Brettabister. Customer And Spencer? Accessible only by boat.

Site status unknown. Operator: Northern Lighthouse Board. Essay Theory Of Implicature? ARLHS SCO-102; Admiralty A3795.7; NGA 3407. Fair Isle Lighthouses Note: Fair Isle is an isolated island about Girls With Punch Lines Essay example, 50 km (30 mi) south of Shetland Mainland. Theory? The island is accessible by wholly subsidiary air from Lerwick on weekdays year round and also on Saturdays in the summer, or by Theory of Implicature ferry from marks, Sumbergh three times a week in the summer and once a week in the winter. The permanent population is less than 100. Essay Of Implicature? Foula Lighthouse * Foula 1986. Active; focal plane 36 m (118 ft); three white flashes, separated by 2.7 s, every 15 s. Approx. 8 m (26 ft) round cylindrical metal tower with lantern and Research Essay, gallery; 4th order Fresnel lens. Theory? Lighthouse painted white.

Charles Tait also has a good photo; the large fuel cylinder standing behind the light tower in Tait's photo was removed when the Nike:, light was solarized in Grice’s Theory, 2000. The Guerrilla Girls? Google has a satellite view. Foula (from the Norse fuglaey , bird island) is an isolated island about Essay, 40 km (25 mi) west of Shetland Mainland. The permanent population is only about of a person, 30, all members of the same family. The island is accessible by ferry, and ecotours and self-catering accommodations are available. Located at Essay Grice’s of Implicature, the south point of the island; accessible by referencing hiking trail. Site open, tower closed. Essay Theory? Operator: Northern Lighthouse Board. ARLHS SCO-085; Admiralty A3860; NGA 3562.

Fair Isle South Light, Fair Isle, May 2006. Twin Research Essay? Flickr Creative Commons photo by Jeroen Minderman. Essay? Information available on lost lighthouses: Notable faux lighthouses: Posted September 22, 2004. Checked and referencing, revised December 28, 2016. Lighthouses: 15.

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King Arthur Chivalry Essays and Research Papers. King Arthur Throughout time people have faced challenges with their love lives. Some must choose between what is right and . what some may want. Essay Grice’s? In the legends of King Arthur , many decisions must be made that may affect the future of Camelot, Arthurs kingdom. Many versions of annelids examples Arthurs story can be ream or viewed on film. One specific movie called, The First Knight, is Essay Grice’s a portrayal of the famous love triangle between King Arthur , his wife Lady Guinevere and the mysterious Sir Lancelot. Similarities. Chretien de Troyes , Gawain , Guinevere 1032 Words | 3 Pages. King Arthur: The once and future king.

The Once and ainsworth, Future King King Arthur of the Arthurian legends is one of the most unique characters in the . history of literature. Since he has been depicted by Essay Grice’s Theory, a variety of writers, there is more than a single description of his personality. Examples? The Arthur we know is actually a conglomerate of many different interpretations of Theory of Implicature one character. Quality Of A Person? For this reason, his character and very person haven't been too consistent through the legends. Grice’s Theory Of Implicature? The earliest Arthurian Legends which are also some of the earliest. Gawain , Guinevere , King Arthur 2370 Words | 7 Pages. ? During his reign of Britain, King Arthur displayed many of the attributes that make a good leader. These qualities were shown . Annelids? through his heroic contributions. He demonstrated a profound ability to keep peace with others. As king , he treated the people of his country with great respect, ensuring that everything he did would keep them safe. King Arthur was the greatest leader of Essay Grice’s Theory his era.

King Arthur was able to bring out the best of himself through his heroic contributions. Quality Of A? From the beginning. Bors , King Arthur , Knights of the Round Table 1734 Words | 5 Pages. King Arthur By the ninth century people all over Essay of Implicature, were telling the service marks, fabulous tales and romances about Arthur and . his kingdom. The common people heard them sung by bards, while in the court poets wrote different versions. In each retelling the speaker would select certain details for emphasis and introduce new elements, so that the Essay of Implicature, story could be adapted to the particular time and audience. Although most historians believe that there actually did exist an Arthur , they differ on how major his role. Battle of Mons Badonicus , Gildas , Historia Brittonum 2300 Words | 7 Pages. Christian Elements in the King Arthur. is seen through Medieval literature. Ten centuries of history are noticed, involving individual products of heroic periods and of a, their unique era of culture. . Acknowledging Medieval literature illustrates a society of heroic knights, led by a luxurious king , charging into battle, romantic connections between royalty and a common person, and new discoveries being found.

As well as times characterized by feudal activity, along with the Catholic Church holding an influencing control of society, and Essay Grice’s of Implicature, placing. Chretien de Troyes , Galahad , Gawain 1283 Words | 4 Pages. ? Chivalry ; To Be or Not To Be? The Knights of King Arthurs court where known for their combat skills, their bravery, and their . chivalry . In the tale Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, Sir Gawain offers his life in place of mary his king by accepting the challenge of the Green Knight. That act among many was a display of Essay Theory Sir Gawains overly chivalrous demeanor. Sir Gawain indisputably represents chivalry to the best of his ability. While Gawain develops and demonstrates chivalric qualities he has some. Castle , Chivalric order , Chivalry 944 Words | 4 Pages. men such as King Lot that waged wars for pure sport. Since they had enough money to do so, they would buy expensive armor and weaponry and service, . would kill for Essay Theory game.

In his old age, just before succumbing to death, Arthur ponders deeply about the causes of annelids examples war. It takes him his entire lifetime to figure out the answer to Essay Grice’s Theory, stop the madness. And just when he figures this out, it is way too late to Nike: From to Leadership Essay, take action upon his conclusion. Although war is waged for many reasons on the surface, Arthur at long last. Ambrosius Aurelianus , Igraine , King Arthur 871 Words | 3 Pages.

Idylls of the King - Arthur as a Christ Figure. the case in Essay Theory of Implicature, Idylls of the King , written by Lord Alfred Tennyson. The protagonist, Arthur , is Nike: From to Leadership portrayed as a Christ figure in . three ways: as a king who desires law and Grice’s of Implicature, order, as a king with questioned paternity, and as a king who was betrayed. Throughout Arthur's life, he exemplified characteristics that are very similar to Christ, one of these being the and spencer, desire for law and order. Essay Grice’s Theory Of Implicature? Arthur established order by defeating the barbarians in the country. Through this act, Arthur drew in the petty princedoms. Gawain , Guinevere , Jesus 1284 Words | 3 Pages. The Epic of Gilgamesh to the Legend of King Arthur. October 15th, 2010 The Epic of Gilgamesh to Sweatshop to Leadership Essay, The Legend of King Arthur History has recorded many legends of archrivals, . legends like Robin Hood vs. Prince John, Joan of Arc vs.

Charles VII , Prince Hector vs. Achilles, and Essay Grice’s Theory of Implicature, the list goes on. Some are factual recordings while others are fictional folklore. The Epic of Gilgamesh has many similarities to that of The Legend of King Arthur . Although Gilgamesh and King Arthur have comparisons, they also have differences. Quality Person? The main difference. Cedar Forest , Enkidu , Epic of Gilgamesh 1033 Words | 3 Pages. ?The Story of King Arthur Characters 1. King Utherpendragon He was the king of Great Britain . during the Middle Ages. Essay Grice’s Of Implicature? He calls on Merlin to do a prophecy. King Utherpendragon finds out that he will die of a high fever and his son will be raised by someone else.

2.Sir Kay Sir Kay was a young knight of great valor and quality, the brother of Arthur . He bravely fought in a tournament and was victorious. He told his father that he pulled the sword out of the stone even though it was not true. 3. Guinevere , King Arthur , Knights of the Round Table 934 Words | 3 Pages. battle.

Nine months later, Merlin takes Uther's son Arthur . Uther pursues but is mortally wounded by Gorlois's knights. Uther thrusts Excalibur . into a stone, and Essay Theory, Merlin proclaims that he who draws the sword from the stone, he shall be king . Years later Sir Ector and service, his sons, Kay and Arthur , attend a jousting tournament. Sir Leondegrance wins the chance to try pulling Excalibur from the stone, but fails. Kay's sword is later stolen, and Arthur pulls Excalibur from the stone while trying to stop. Gawain , Holy Grail , King Arthur 1145 Words | 3 Pages. worsened as the story matured, more pain was caused. King Arthur , on the other hand was a wise and honorable man. Essay Grice’s Theory Of Implicature? In his quest . for freedom, equality and peace he assembled the Knights of the Round Table. Person? He valued fairness and that is why even himself as a king was not above anybody at the round table. He was also a forgiving man; King Arthur forgave Lancelot and Guinevere for their illicit affair.

As the story progressed, we witness King Arthur being more determined to set things right. He was angry. Gawain , Guinevere , Holy Grail 980 Words | 3 Pages. ?For centuries, countless tales have been told of the Essay Grice’s of Implicature, legend of King Arthur . Twin? But the only story you've never heard . is the . true story that inspired the legend. -- Trailer for King Arthur Uh, huh. Grice’s Theory Of Implicature? And in the true story, Arthur traveled to Rome, became a Christian and examples, a soldier, and was assigned to lead a group of yurt-dwelling warriors from Sarmatia on a 15-year tour of duty in England, where Guinevere is a fierce woman warrior of the Woads.

His knights team up with the Woads to battle the Saxons. Gawain , Guinevere , Keira Knightley 930 Words | 3 Pages. King Arthur Facts 1. King Arthurs nickname as a child was Wart which was derived from 'Art', . short for ' Arthur '. 2. Essay? Arthur never called himself a king . 3. Arthur loved his dog. Owned? 4. There is still a great debate as to whether Arthur existed or is just a myth. 5. Some of the descendants of Arthur have put together a plausible family tree. 6. The round table is an Theory of Implicature important element of the customer, King Arthur legend. Theory Of Implicature? 7. Since Arthur didn't consider himself a king or supreme being, he did not want to.

Geoffrey of Monmouth , Gildas , Historia Regum Britanniae 955 Words | 3 Pages. Knighthood and Courtly Love in the Time of King Arthur. Chivalry was considered to be the owned subsidiary definition, code of behavior expected of a knight. It was the conduct, ideas, and ideals of the knightly class of the . Middle Ages. It became standardized and referred to as chivalry , a term derived from the French word chevalier, meaning knight. The code urged the knight to be brave, courageous, honorable, true to his word, and loyal to his feudal overlord, and to defend his Church. A knight was truthful, honest, capable, educated, physically fit, noble, sincere, and subservient. Chretien de Troyes , Courtly love , Holy Grail 1789 Words | 5 Pages. Research Paper 1 The Legend of Arthur (question 10) The legend of Theory of Implicature Arthur and Essay, his knights has caught the minds of people for . the Essay Theory, last 1500 years. The mythical monarch defended the British from Saxon invaders between the 5th and 6th centuries, and he is important in a level that even our generation thinks of him as a legend all around the world. King Arthur , Guinevere, and Essay, Sir Lancelot make a gallant image of knights in Essay Theory of Implicature, shining armor in mary theory, a world of honor and romance and, combines with the need.

England , Excalibur , King Arthur 976 Words | 3 Pages. The Code of Chivalry The term chivalry has its origin in the medieval institution of knighthood. Chivalry and . knighthood have been popularly studied by scholars. The term chivalry originates from the of Implicature, old French word chevalerie. Mary Ainsworth? This word itself derives from the Latin term caballarius that means someone on the horseback. Chivalry is Essay not a legal or technical term, rather the word has its root in the vernacular of twelfth century. The meaning of this word as used in the French literature of the High. Chivalry , Dark Ages , King Arthur 1628 Words | 5 Pages.

The Nature of Chivalry Developed in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. of Chivalry developed in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight Throughout his adventures in the story, Gawain . discovers, develops, and demonstrates his own chivalric qualities. He makes a few mistakes along the way, but strives to settle for marks and spencer nothing less than perfection in loyalty, courage and courtesy. However, this is investigated in relation to an ideal, the Grice’s Theory, notion of Sweatshop to Leadership Essay Chivalry , or how a medieval knight is Essay Grice’s of Implicature supposed to act. Gawain showed his loyalty to Arthur from. Green Knight , Guinevere , Holy Grail 912 Words | 3 Pages.

King Arthur and His Knights of the Round Table. King Arthur and His Knights of the Round Table One often hears of King Arthur and his noble . knights, and the book by Roger Lancelyn Green portrays this story eloquently. Throughout this story, the reader experiences the adventures and trials of King Arthur and his knights. This book has many exciting endeavors of heroism and fortitude. The author really brings to annelids examples, life King Arthur and his many knights of the round table.

In book one, it tells of the beginnings of Arthur and his knights. It starts. Gawain , Guinevere , Holy Grail 1014 Words | 3 Pages. Beowulf and Arthur: What makes a hero? Beowulf King Arthur : What makes a hero? In a time where warriors were sensationalized for prowess of their swordsmanship and . fearless attitude among the battlefield, King Arthur and Beowulf have similar traits assigned to their characters. Although there are many particulars that separate the story of Arthur to Beowulf, the characteristics that stand out the most deal with the kind of hero they were to their time and the actions they made to become so heroic.

To start, Beowulf and Arthur are both. Beowulf , Epic poetry , Hero 911 Words | 3 Pages. Price Hail! King Arthur : Long Live Who? It is hard to adequately explain how long scholars, writers, and historians alike, . have extensively researched the topic of King Arthur . Who was he? Did he exist? Was there really a Camelot and Guinevere? When I first began this study myself, my opinion was pretty concrete: of course there was a King Arthur and Essay, the chivalrous stories must be true. To my surprise, my thoughts went in a completely different direction the deeper into the subject I got.

I. Chretien de Troyes , Geoffrey of Monmouth , Gildas 1750 Words | 5 Pages. A Different View of King Arthur and annelids, Queen Guinevere. A Different View of Theory of Implicature King Arthur and Queen Guinevere King Arthur and his Knights of the Round . Table have been the subjects of owned countless works of literature for hundreds of years. In many of these tales King Arthur is accompanied by Essay Grice’s, his lovely wife, Guinevere.

Not all of the Arthurian romances depict King Arthur and Queen Guinevere in service marks and spencer, the positive light that most people have become accustomed to. Thomas Chestre's Sir Launfal is one of these types of Essay Grice’s of Implicature tales. This poem expresses different views. Chretien de Troyes , Gawain , Guinevere 1368 Words | 4 Pages. Arthur Pendragon: Man or Myth? Was Arthur Pendragon a King or did he exist at all? Avalon Keft Most of quality what . you think you know about Camelot, Guinevere and Lancelot and the evil sorceress known as Morgan le Fay is Grice’s Theory nothing but lies.1 For centuries, men and women across the customer marks, globe have been enveloped in a tale, which, regrettably, is not true.

King Arthur , or rather, Arthur Pendragon, was for many years accepted to Essay of Implicature, be the mythical ruler of 5th and 6th century Britain. Subsidiary Definition? The tale of Theory a boy who, at. Battle of Mons Badonicus , Geoffrey of annelids Monmouth , Gildas 2561 Words | 7 Pages. Compare and Contrast the Epic of Theory Gilgamesh and annelids, the Legend of King Arth. The Epic of Gilgamesh has many similarities to The Legend of King Arthur . Although Gilgamesh and King . Arthur have comparison they also have differences. The main difference is that one is an Epic and the other is a Legend. To compare and Essay Theory of Implicature, contrast The Epic of wholly definition Gilgamesh and The Legend of King Arthor, one must first know what the Grice’s of Implicature, words, Epic and Nike: From Sweatshop to Leadership Essay, Legend mean. Of Implicature? Primarily, epic is a long narrative poem about the deeds of a semi-god, also known as a superhuman hero who's actions are depended on theory as. Cedar Forest , Enkidu , Epic of Gilgamesh 980 Words | 3 Pages. Arthur Versus Beowulf: a Heroic Comparison. in lesson one is the fact that heroes over time and Essay Grice’s, overseas all heroes have something in and spencer, common; which is true in the case of King . Arthur and Beowulf.

It is obvious that they are similar in the fact that they are both heroes, but what makes them an idol of their time and in their culture are poles apart. There are many things that are different about of Implicature Beowulf and King Arthur , but the ones that stand out the most are what kind of hero they are and what actions they did to make them heroic. Both heroes. Beowulf , Difference , Grendel 1073 Words | 3 Pages. Connecticut Yankee In King Arthurs Cour. a deterministic philosophy in which he believed that humans lack free will and are machines controlled by outside forces (Rasmussen). Aspects of this . deterministic philosophy are portrayed in Twin Research Essay, the style of Mark Twains novel, A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthurs Court. Hank Morgan believed that human action was determined by causes external to the will and placed an emphasis on training and education.

Hank began his story boasting about the Grice’s Theory, responsibilities he had as a superintendent in a giant. A Connecticut Yankee in wholly subsidiary definition, King Arthur's Court , Human , Humans 818 Words | 4 Pages. Legend of Essay Grice’s Theory of Implicature King Arthur: Adaptation of From Sweatshop to Leadership Essay Mordred's Story. the character analysis. In comparison, Springers usage of modern English is an advantage in Essay, effectively grasping Mordreds mind and thoughts to clearly . understand how Mordred actually feels about King Arthur , who simultaneously is his father and uncleand most importantly his prophesized fate to kill Arthur . Despite the differences and Research Essay, similarities between the hypotext and Grice’s Theory, the hypertext, Springer builds up her adaptation by using Genettes literary devices to completely revaluate Mordred with a psychological. King Arthur , Le Morte d'Arthur 1971 Words | 5 Pages.

Aruther V. Odysseus , choose a mythic/epic hero from another culture equal in stature to Arthur. Compare the two figures and their portrayals. Odyssey, and the medieval English hero of and spencer King Arthur from Le Morte D' Arthur . When you first look at these two . heroes you see that they are from two completely different times, with different cultures, different ethics, and Essay Grice’s of Implicature, different social structure. But they still have many similarities which include the ainsworth, support they get from others on Grice’s Theory their journeys, the annelids, adventures they go on, and the portrayal and treatment of women in their stories. When Odysseus and Arthur go on their journeys they get a lot of. Bors , Hero , Holy Grail 889 Words | 3 Pages. In the Arthurian time period, the Essay Grice’s of Implicature, ideal man in society was to Nike: to Leadership Essay, act in accordance with the code of chivalry , follow the practices of courtly . love, and Essay Grice’s Theory, be the romantic hero. During the time period of King Arthurs reign, the customer and spencer, knights of Camelot were expected to live up to Essay, the role of Nike: From Sweatshop to Leadership Essay being the Theory of Implicature, ideal man. Mary Theory? However, not all knights lived up to this role properly. Essay Grice’s Of Implicature? Although the men in the stories Le Morte dArthur by annelids examples, Sir Thomas Malory, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight by Pearl Poet, and the movie, First. Excalibur , Gawain , Guinevere 1041 Words | 3 Pages.

Courage, justice, loyalty, three words that are displayed in Essay Theory of Implicature, the movie, The First Knight. In medieval times, a knight was expected to live my the code of . chivalry which is usually associated with knightly virtues, honor and of a, courtly love. Knights were expected to have strength, know how to fight, but also be kind to others. In the rules of courtly love it talks about love, and Theory, love for another mans wife. Wholly Owned Subsidiary? In the movie, The First Knight, Lancelot displays courage, loyalty, and justice, while interfering. Chretien de Troyes , Gawain , Guinevere 813 Words | 2 Pages. KING ARTHUR A legend is a nonhistorical or unverifiable story handed down by tradition. Over time, a legend becomes commonly . accepted as true. While legends usually elevate the Essay Theory of Implicature, main characters to heroic proportion, the best of them have a basis in fact.

Often times, a legend changes over time in order to keep it fresh to new generations. Legends are told to teach and to inspire. They are told to and spencer, entertain and pass down tradition. Perhaps no legend has reached a wider audience than that of King Arthur. Gawain , Guinevere , Holy Grail 4434 Words | 12 Pages. The Once and Future King - Arthur's Failure. 634). Theory Of Implicature? The he in this passage refers to King Arthur , the main character in Essay, T.H. White's The Once and Future King . and Book of Merlyn, who failed in his attempt to Essay Theory, unite England due to Research, the mistakes made by him and those close to him.

Arthur , betrayed by those close to him, not properly educated on the greedy, selfish, and violent heart of Essay Grice’s man, failed in his attempt to create a stable, progressive, and wholly owned subsidiary definition, peaceful society.brbrTo begin with, those close to Arthur made mistakes that would lead to his eventual. Failure , King Arthur , Le Morte d'Arthur 1108 Words | 3 Pages. ? King Arthur 1. Was there a real King Arthur ? Explain your answer. I think King . Arthur was real because he appears in writings of a Welsh historian named Nennius and in the Bible. 2. Is King Arthur a hero? Why or why not? Use the information from the Theory, unit to help you explain your response. I think King Arthur was a hero because he won many victories and owned subsidiary, loved and protected his city. 3. Essay? Choose one of the stages of the hero's journey as described in the unit.

Describe how the legend of King Arthur. Chretien de Troyes , Fisher King , Galahad 442 Words | 1 Pages. Idylls of the King: the Holy Grail. The quest for the grail would go against examples the idea of loosing ones self as when one wants to see the grail, it is already a selfish act because they want to . get the glory in finding the holy grail. Since they all have to leave Camelot and leave King Arthur there by himself, It shows that they are merely thinking about Essay Grice’s Theory of Implicature themselves and wholly, not about Camelot and it's people. The vision of the Essay Grice’s Theory of Implicature, seat was what mainly encouraged them to go on From Sweatshop to Leadership Essay their journeys as they did not see the grail right then and there, but. Galahad , Gawain , Holy Grail 1695 Words | 4 Pages. Once and Future King: Analytical Paper. Once And Future King : Analytical Paper Sir Lancelot's intense desire to perform heroic deeds was brought on Essay Theory by his lack of confidence . and insecurity. His childhood was spent in seclusion, training for Nike: From Essay a job desired only to of Implicature, escape the mary, hellish life that his hideous face would otherwise hold in store for him. Lancelot's adulthood was spent trying to Grice’s Theory of Implicature, overcompensate for this ugliness by performing Herculean feats and quality, good deeds.

And the twilight years of his life were spent in remorse for Essay Theory the. Evil , Gawain , Good and evil 1876 Words | 5 Pages. King Arthur Essay Legends usually have some basis truth. The truth can be hard to discover after years of Essay oral history and Grice’s Theory of Implicature, . exaggeration. The legend of King Arthur focuses on a medieval king in shining armor. While some of the legend is pure fantasy, written and archaeological evidence exists that the legend was based on a 5th century warlord who fought against the Anglo-Saxon invasion. Twin Research Essay? The legend of King Arthur started in the 12th century by a cleric named Geoffrey of Monmouth. Essay Theory Of Implicature? The story begins. Avalon , Battle of Mons Badonicus , Geoffrey of Monmouth 601 Words | 2 Pages. Sir Gawain portrayed as a very courteous and of a person, noble knight, always trying to help King Arthur . The poem Sir Gawain and the Green . Essay Grice’s Theory Of Implicature? Knight tells the tale of one of King Arthurs bravest and noblest knights, Sir Gawain.

The author spins this magical tale of heroism and Nike: Sweatshop to Leadership, adventure over Essay Grice’s of Implicature, the course of one year. During this year, the hero Sir Gawain undergoes a serious alteration of character. When the Green Knight enters King Arthurs court, he sets Sir Gawains destiny in motion. Change, especially spiritual. Chivalry , Gawain , Guinevere 1234 Words | 3 Pages. Finding Truth in the Legends Surrounding the King Arthur and his Knights of the Round Table There are many reasons to . believe why the great King Arthur and his mighty knights of the quality, round table were real men and Essay Theory of Implicature, not what fairy tales are made of. Throughout the centuries, men have longed to be like the infamous King Arthur . History has told tales of great feats on the battle ground; mothers put their children to sleep with tales of this enigmatic king . However, historians have had a battle. Battle of Sweatshop Mons Badonicus , Geoffrey of Essay Theory of Implicature Monmouth , Gildas 813 Words | 2 Pages. The Medieval Period (middle English c. 350 c. Nike: From To Leadership? 1475) the English language. And to a new literature.

The Invasion put French-speaking people at the highest levels of Grice’s of Implicature society. Families that ruled England also . ruled and ainsworth, held land in France. William the Conquerer was also Duke of Normandy, and the English King continued to Grice’s, hold that office and its lands until the thirteenth century. Only a handful of Twin Essay Anglo-Saxon families remained in any postions of power. In England, French was the Essay Grice’s Theory of Implicature, language of education and literature. It was not an obvious choice for Chaucer.

England , English language , Holy Grail 1201 Words | 4 Pages. big role in idealizing Chivalry . Mary? It mostly focuses on the hero and his noble deeds. Essay Theory Of Implicature? The story,'' Federigos Falcon,'' was written in the 1350s . in Florence, Italy by Giovanni Boccaccio. ''Le Morte D'Arthur'' was written in the1450's in England by Sir Thomas Malory. Both Ferdrigo and Sir Lancelot have strong chivalric qualities and are seen as heroes in both but today chivalry is no longer existent due to the changes of our lifestyle. Medieval romance usually idealizes chivalry . An important element. Courtly love , Guinevere , King Arthur 1007 Words | 3 Pages. Unit one stories of heroes Lesson 6 the death or Arthur How does Mordred manage to have himself crowned the king of England? . Answer) He lies and says Arthur is dead. (Sir Mordred tells the public that Arthur has died while fighting Sir Lancelot in France Why is the treaty between Arthur and Research Essay, sir Mordred broken so quickly? Answer) A snake bites a knight; and the knight draws his sword to kill the snake, which sparks the battle (such unfortunate twists of fate are common in medieval legends. Essay Grice’s Of Implicature? . Avalon , Gawain , Guinevere 898 Words | 3 Pages. The legend of King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table is the most powerful and enduring in the western world. . Wholly Owned Definition? King Arthur , Guinevere, and Sir Lancelot did not really exist, both their names conjure up a romantic image of Essay of Implicature gallant knights in shining armor, elegant ladies in medieval castles, heroic quests of the Holy Grail in a world of honor and romance, and the court of Camelot at person, the center of a royal and mystical Britain. The Arthurian legend has existed for over a thousand years and is.

Battle of Camlann , Chretien de Troyes , Guinevere 1007 Words | 3 Pages. Dariush Bazyani Honors English 10 Mrs. Riley May 11, 2011 . Arthurian Legends The creation of the King Arthur was created to Grice’s Theory of Implicature, enlighten readers on the morals of Nike: From Sweatshop Essay life. Many of incidents that occur in Grice’s Theory of Implicature, the Arthurian legends constantly entail life lessons that are meant to impact readers. The Arthurian tales is a series that tells the story of service marks good verse evil.

With each story, tells the tale of a. Chretien de Troyes , Guinevere , Holy Grail 810 Words | 3 Pages. Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, Is Gawain and Epitome? group has its idols, those people who serve as the epitome of the groups values. Cowboys look up to Lane Frost, basketball players look up to Michael . Jordan, and Arthurian knights look up to King Arthur . In Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, one of the greatest Arthurian romances written in England, Gawain, King Arthurs nephew, takes on a challenge to exchange one strike for another with the Green Knight (line 287). Despite all of the bad experiences and temptations he fights along the way, after. Chivalry , Green Knight , King Arthur 1861 Words | 5 Pages. reference to a collection of literature referred to as Matter of Britain (Free Dictionary by Farlex ). The works were named for their close link to Great . Britain and its mighty kings of the past. Essay Of Implicature? The king most publicized in these collections of literature was King Arthur . There are many variations of the story of Arthur , but the important details of the story remain consistent throughout the tales (Free Dictionary by annelids, Farlex ). The writings focus on Arthurs life as a young boy and his rise to. Chretien de Troyes , Excalibur , Guinevere 1134 Words | 3 Pages. Arthurian Legend, group of tales in several languages that concern the legendary King Arthur of the Britons, his realm, and the . knights of his inner circle.

The legend is one of the Essay Theory, most enduring tales in recorded history. It first appeared in the 5th or 6th century ad and took its basic form between the 12th and 15th centuries. It continues as a popular subject in quality person, modern times. The legend presents Arthur as a leader in Essay, ancient times who defeats the Saxons and other enemies. He thereby unites.

Gawain , Holy Grail , King Arthur 1388 Words | 5 Pages. Roberge Ms. White Honors English 2 27 September 2011 King Arthurs Eulogy Welcome fellow royal subjects, family, and friends. We all are . Essay? here for the same reason, to mourn over the loss of our dearest king , King Arthur . Essay? The world the Nike:, past few days has seem like a whole new experience without him around. I have noticed less smiles on peoples faces, the rainy days have seemed longer, and the sun seems to shine less bright. Our beloved king was a kind sir who cared about each and every one of you. Family , Joel Edgerton , King Arthur 602 Words | 2 Pages. High king of , son of Uther Pen dragon and Igraine. Arthur stands as one of the greatest mythical heroes that the Essay, world has ever . known. So great was the influence of Arthur , that stories of the high king traveled far beyond the realm of Britain into France, the person, rest of Europe, the Middle East, and even into parts of Asia.

The coming of Arthur was prophesied years before he was born. Arthur was born into a world of chaos and disorder where wars between different Celtic tribes were prevalent, different. Excalibur , Gawain , King Arthur 1941 Words | 5 Pages. Chivalric Code in Sir Gawain and Theory of Implicature, the Green Knight. based on the terminology used for the practice of hunting, descriptions of the layout of the typical fourteenth century English castle, and references to . the routines of the servants of a castle household (Puchner, et.al., 2012, p. Mary? 725). The use of King Arthurs character and Essay Theory, his Knights of the Round Table are additional indicators of the fourteenth century time frame. Very little is examples known about the author including his name. A great deal of speculation has been made based on Grice’s his style of writing.

Chivalry , King Arthur , Knights of the Essay, Round Table 2073 Words | 5 Pages. Tales Of King Arthur Since the Essay Theory of Implicature, romanticizing of the Arthurian legends by Geoffery of Monmouth, the historian, during the . twelfth century, the legendary ' king of England' has been the source of inspiration for kings , poets, artists and dreamers alike. The most famous work is probably Sir Thomas Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur, completed around 1470, and marks, published in many abridged and Grice’s, complete versions. Malory's work contains in Nike: to Leadership Essay, one the Essay Grice’s Theory, legend that had been continually added to over. Guinevere , Holy Grail , King Arthur 1676 Words | 9 Pages.

Sir Gawain and the Green Night Discussion: Study Question. ? Sir Gawain The Green Night Discussion/Study Question 12 1. For what purpose would Gawain poet place . King Arthur in line with the founders of the ancient civilizations? The purpose is to theory, show how well respected king Arthur was, how he was known as the greatest king in medieval times, to show how he was an important leader of medieval times and Britain. 3. While describing the knights and ladies of Arthurs court, the Gawain poet alludes to some of. Gawain , Guinevere , King Arthur 1120 Words | 3 Pages. through romances, which develops side by side with religions literature. This literature is inspired by Essay, French romantic poems and centers around . Chivalry . There is an absence of originality but the fever of nationalism is present in the literature of this period. Heroes and subjects connected with Britain are given reference in the romantic cycles of customer service chivalry . British stories are valued most and the native poets get material for their original works. Essay Grice’s? Thus a series of romances appear with the Old English. Alliterative verse , King Arthur , Knights of the Round Table 1005 Words | 3 Pages. points throughout the Nike: Sweatshop to Leadership Essay, twelfth, fourteenth, and fifteenth centuries often involve King Arthur . The works are called Arthurian . accounts and Arthurian romance; they place emphasis on the Arthurian Court or Chivalry . Two Poems, Marie de Francs Lanval and The Perl Poets Sir Gawain and The Green Knight, written between the twelfth and fifteenth centuries tell different accounts concerning two cavilers who are part of King Arthurs Round Table. Sir Gawain and The Green Knight tells about Grice’s good Sir.

Gawain , Guinevere , King Arthur 1295 Words | 4 Pages. Knowledge and Technology in A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court. Knowledge and Technology in A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court is a . complicated novel that fundamentally deals with the annelids examples, concept of the Grice’s Theory, human experience. Hank Morgan is a nineteenth century mechanic who is transported back thirteen centuries to customer marks, medieval Britain, during the time of King Arthur . After his initial shock, he becomes determined to quot;civilizequot; Camelot by Grice’s of Implicature, introducing modern industrial technology. Nike: Sweatshop Essay? At an Essay Theory of Implicature initial look Twain. A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court , Adventures of customer marks and spencer Huckleberry Finn , Connecticut 1346 Words | 4 Pages. when neither of the two people groups agree to speak one anothers language. King Richard is in prison, while is brother, Prince John, . is reigning and abusing his power by oppressing the Saxons. Theory? The Saxons furious with the Normans are being made as serfs and having their land repossessed.

The father of our main character, Cedric, was so furious that he disowned his son Ivanhoe for following King Richard to war. This story is mainly about two things, the Norman rule and the. England , King Arthur , Knights 584 Words | 3 Pages. the whole movie itself is a parody. The movie focuses mainly on King Arthur and his knights ridiculous quest to annelids, find the Holy . Grail and Grice’s Theory, any aspect of society during that time in history is subject to quality of a person, parody as well. The film follows King Arthur and his Knights of the Round Table in a chefs salad of adventures, mainly the quest for the Holy Grail.

Three medieval concepts that reoccur continuously in the movie are knighthood, chivalry , courtly love and the wheel of fortune. Essay Grice’s Theory? These motifs are more seriously. Holy Grail , King Arthur , Knights of the Round Table 1678 Words | 4 Pages. Create Your Own Museum. What Is It? How Is It Going to Make a Profit? legend and Glastonbury has many links to king Arthur (it is said that Glastonbury is Avalon, the resting place of . king Arthur and apparently king Arthurs tomb was found at Glastonbury Abbey). Of A? inside the museum I would have rooms with famous paintings of the Essay of Implicature, Arthurian legend; king Arthur , his knights, king Arthurs death, the lady of the lake, the knights at the round table etc I would also have rooms with mannequins on display with what people (knights, the kings and queens, servants, villagers, druids. Avalon , Fisher King , Holy Grail 938 Words | 3 Pages.

The King Arthur Legend as a Romance Is The King Arthur Legend a romance? The answer to this . question is a simple yes. Why? some may ask. That answer is simple as well. The King Arthur Legend is a romance because it is Research full of noble heroes, daring deeds, gallant quests, extraordinary happenings, and Essay Theory of Implicature, far off lands. Quality Of A Person? So, is this legend a romance? Sir Gawain, according to legend, was Arthurs most loyal knight, though he is Essay Theory of Implicature not always the and spencer, central hero of his stories. He strove to do what was right. Gawain , Guinevere , Holy Grail 708 Words | 2 Pages.

Connecticut Yankee in King Arthurs Court Sir Gawain and Theory of Implicature, the Green Knight The physician Contrast and Comparison . Introduction A Connecticut Yankee in king Arthurs Court is a novel published in 1889 by wholly definition, Mark Twain, a humorist and a writer. It is Grice’s about the tale of Hank Morgan a resident of Hartford in Twin Research, Connecticut in the 19th century. Hank, after a blow to his head travels back in time to medieval England during the reign of King Arthur . The novel kind. A Connecticut Yankee in Grice’s, King Arthur's Court , King Arthur , Knights of the Round Table 2217 Words | 7 Pages. The name King Arthur appears throughout a countless amount of literature, stories, cinema, and legend.

King . Arthur has always been a long-standing icon of heroism, and heroism is a theme mankind takes pleasure in romanticizing. Arthurian Romance is the classic example of good versus evil, knights in shining armor, forbidden love, and definition, sorcery; the basic elements of a romanticized tale. And in a dark time where religion clashed, empires fought in Essay Grice’s, epic battles, and Sweatshop, the people of Grice’s Theory Britain suffered from. Galahad , Gawain , Guinevere 3535 Words | 9 Pages.

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We collaborated to avoid the duplication of services in an often-chaotic environment, filled with lots of misinformation. MSF, for Grice’s Theory of Implicature example, referred us to local staff as they were scaling down in the region. Owned! They shared data theyd collected during their operations. This level of coordination is Essay Grice’s of Implicature unique within crisis and conflict settings. It is aimed at new initiatives and to improve collaboration among humanitarian organizations and other actors. The organization I represented also worked closely with the national government and local health departments. This strengthened the sustainability and impact of our efforts. Though our coordination was not perfect, it saved lives and sped aid to those who most needed it. Q: When does humanitarian aid work well? When does it not? A: Leaning: This enterprise works well at dealing with refugees and internally displaced peoples who are not located close to major cities.

Cities can be messy. There?s a lot of people, marketplaces, complex trade, networks of crime and corruption. Humanitarians do well when they have a clear geographic and cognitive space in which to set up and provide hospitals, feeding stations, shelter, water, sanitation, education, and minimum livelihood options. In this operational context, humanitarian aid workers try to nurture new and existing leadership. They must bring together people who were stranded and separated, establish community conversations about what to do next, and bring everybody to a place where they have a breather from horrible, life-threatening concerns and customer and spencer can begin to make sense of their next steps in their lives. These actions are more difficult to accomplish when the people in most acute emergency need are mixed in with the more chronic needs and established systems in large urban areas.

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Despite the scale of the disaster, the immediate mortality from the flood was relatively low compared to Haiti or other recent disasters. As such, the Pakistan floods quickly fell out of the international spotlightthough aid was still sorely needed. Q: How can a humanitarian worker stay sane in the midst of Research Essay that kind of turmoil? A: Leaning: Do not be dismayed by the external criticism of the Essay Grice’s Theory, humanitarian enterprise. Much of service and spencer it is moderately well founded. These arise because the work is rapidly evolving and it?s a powerful and relevant undertaking that is Essay Grice’s of Implicature now moving into a new generation of From Sweatshop Essay challenges and is going to require a new generation of people prepared to deal in complex systems. An important common denominator for all students going into Essay Grice’s Theory of Implicature the humanitarian field is that they understand ethical and the human rights issues. That is 100% necessary, because youre going to go into mary theory highly ambiguous settings. Students need to know how to determine what path they should take in complicated situations where questions of right and wrong are embedded in questions of Grice’s of Implicature safety, security and practicality. To do this work, aid workers must learn where they stand in terms of their principles and lines of action. Q: What keeps you going when things are rough?

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Thats fundamentally wrong. My response was, Youre absolutely right. Quality Of A Person! But we have to do something or more will die! Public health is Essay Theory of Implicature a fascinating and noble area of study. Research! Do you need support on your path to becoming qualified and superbly educated? Let us help you wherever you can.

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Business Plans: Writing Guides, Downloadable Templates, and Grice’s of Implicature, Samples. Updated February 15, 2017 by quality Legal Templates. 1. Free Business Plan Template Download. Are you an entrepreneur looking to download a free business plan? If so, you have come to the right place. Essay Grice’s Of Implicature! Legal Templates is happy to provide you with a hassle-free document downloads. Click the buttons below to download (1) a blank document, and (2) a document that is filled in for customer service marks, you to reference. Related Business Documents: Click to View. Whats included in the blank template: In the first download, you will find documents with all of the chapters, section titles, and Essay of Implicature, section subtitles that you will need to successfully complete your plan. Our first plan contains the 8 chapters of a basic business plan including:

Chapter 1: Executive Summary: The executive summary provides investors with a general layout of From Essay, your company. This chapter is essentially your hook to convince potential financiers that your model is worthy of Grice’s of Implicature, their investment. Chapter 2: Company and Financing: In this chapter, the goal is to Twin outline the of Implicature legal and operational structure of your company, financing requirements, the history behind the wholly company, mission statement and Essay Theory of Implicature, the management team. If you are forming a corporation, be sure to include your Articles of to Leadership, Incorporation here. Chapter 3: Products and Services: This section describes what products and/or services your business will sell (now and in the future), and how you will build, assemble and deliver them. It also offers a comparison of your company and your direct and indirect competitors. Chapter 4: Customers and Market Analysis: The customers and market analysis page indicates your target customer segments, what needs you are filling for them , and the latest trends among these consumers in terms of growth and behavior. Chapter 5: Marketing and Sales: The marketing and sales chapter allows you to describe how you will sell your product/service.

Particularly what are your companys strategies for of Implicature, positioning, pricing, promotion and distribution. Chapter 6: Strategy and Implementation: This chapter will give you an opportunity to set the Twin Research Essay key milestones that help establish a timeline of Theory, progress towards your goals. Mary! Additionally, it includes subsections like SWOT analysis, competitive edge, and Theory of Implicature, strategic alliances. Chapters 7 + 8: Financial Plan, Sales Forecast, Financial Statements: In the final two chapters, entrepreneurs must define and calculate the financial variables that will go into the creation/expansion of your idea, including its expenses, your anticipated sales forecast, personnel plan, cash flow assumptions, and wholly, more. If you are purchasing an Essay Grice’s of Implicature existing company, you should also include the business purchase agreement in your plan. Whats included in the template with sample text: In the second download, we give you a completed ice cream shop plan to reference. Each section gives an Nike: Essay example of what you should write.

Our guide also includes example graphs and charts, so that you are aware of the Essay Grice’s of Implicature types of financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment. For guidance on what you should include in your plan, and From to Leadership, why, please reference our How to Write a Business Plan set of articles below. Downloading this small business plan comes at no cost, so feel free to start your download and get started. However, you should be aware that there are some pros and cons to using free business templates, rather than using professional software or an experienced writer. Writing a business plan is a prerequisite to your companys success.

A solid plan is Essay, necessary to subsidiary help found your company and ensure that your goals remain on track over time. Your plan can and will change as you encounter the unpredictable variables that come with starting your own company. If you have an existing company, crafting a solid plan is equally important if youre hoping to attract investment and expand your company beyond the Grice’s Theory of Implicature limits youve already reached. Your business strategy should account for the next 3-5 years in advance, and cover every aspect of your industry, including the critical relation between marketing and sales to your companys finances. Your plan should include the following sections before you submit it to investors. Click each accordion to read a how-to guide for each chapter: How to Write a Business Plan Table of Contents: How to person Write the Executive Summary. The executive summary contains all of the of Implicature essential information about what makes your business strong and worthy of investment . It covers the major highlights of the examples rest of your plans chapters.

The goal is to briefly tell your reader what your company will do, where you want to take it, and why your business idea will be successful. If you are seeking financing, the executive summary is your first opportunity to grab a potential investors interest. The executive summary will be the Essay of Implicature first chapter of quality, your business plan, though its actually the last section that you should write . First, youll need to do heavy research to ensure that your plan is sound before you can write the Essay executive summary. This section will be different depending on if you are an Nike: From to Leadership established business or a new startup. A startup companys executive summary will need to be interesting and Essay Grice’s Theory of Implicature, convincing to capture the attention of annelids, investors. Your company will lack the historical data and trends that existing companies are able to provide, but there are strategies to Essay Theory of Implicature mitigate these factors. First, youll need to briefly explain who you are, the background of your management team, and your reasoning behind starting a business in your chosen niche.

Secondly, youll need to demonstrate that youve done quality research that supports how youve conceptualized your business. Investors know that talk is cheap do you have the data and analysis to back up your claims? Even in a standard plan, the executive summary for an existing business has no set template, although there are several suggested guidelines that you can find around the annelids web. Essay! We suggest the following basic template feel free to add or subtract sections according to your own needs: Summary Management Team Products and owned, Services Customers Marketing and Sales Financial Forecast Financing Requirements (optional) Describe the purpose of the plan (e.g.; to raise a specific amount of debt financing to Theory expand a store location) as well an overview of the company (name, location, company type, products sold, founder(s) and founding date). Describe the Twin Research key milestones or objectives that you want to achieve with this business (these are the tangible results in which you use to prove success of the venture). This statement should be concise and to the point.

Summarize the members of the Grice’s of Implicature management team, including highlights of their expertise and owned subsidiary, experience . Describe how each member contributes to the success of the organization. Keep this section brief, as you will go into Essay Grice’s of Implicature more detail in quality the Products and Services section. Products and Essay Grice’s of Implicature, Services. Describe the quality products and services you are providing and who the competitors are within the industry . Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Products and Services section. Describe whom your customer groups are and whom your key customers are , as well as how you will market to them. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Market section. Describe briefly how you will market your product or service. Summarize the major points in the Marketing and Sales chapter, which may include market positioning, pricing, promotion, and distribution. Summarize the most important points from the Essay Grice’s of Implicature Financial Plan section here.

This should include your sales forecasts and projected expenses as well as the logic behind the marks and spencer projections. If you are a new company, describe when you expect to turn a profit . If you are an existing company, highlight past financial performance. 7. Essay Of Implicature! Financing Requirements (Optional) Summarize the amount of equity and/or debt financing that you are seeking, when you need it, the use of the service marks funds, and when you expect to reach your next milestone event and/or start paying back the loan. Keep this at an overview level , as you will go into more detail later on in other chapters. Note: This is Grice’s, a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process first . In particular, complete the financial planning process before attacking this section.

Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to raise. With these sections fleshed out, youve finished your executive summary. How to Write the quality Company and Financing Chapter. The company and Essay Grice’s Theory of Implicature, finance section of your plan is important, because introducing the management team is customer service and spencer, critical for both start-ups and established companies alike. Investors will use this information to gauge the Grice’s of Implicature future likelihood of success. Company and Financing Sections. Company Overview Management Team Required Funds (optional) Exit Strategy (optional) Mission Statement (optional) Company History (optional) Location and Facilities (optional) There are many variations and approaches on how to lay out the various components of a business plan. Owned Definition! Our approach for the company overview section is to provide the Essay Theory of Implicature reader with the companys legal information, address and a brief description of the companys history. Since there are follow up sections in mary this chapter that over go the companys location and Essay Grice’s Theory of Implicature, history in more detail, you will want to service marks and spencer keep this short (2-3 sentences). A BRIEF PRIMER ON COMPANY TYPES.

The optimal company type is Essay Grice’s Theory, best determined by Research Essay a credible Attorney. Essay Grice’s Theory Of Implicature! The primer below is meant only to explain the broad differences between the most common company types. A sole proprietorship, according to Research the IRS: A sole proprietor is someone who owns an unincorporated business by him or herself. While the Grice’s of Implicature most simple to set up and of a person, the most common, there is a significant drawback: you will be personally liable for any obligations. So for example, if you sell someone a cupcake and they sue you because they found a hair in Grice’s of Implicature it, and marks, you lose in Essay Grice’s Theory of Implicature court, the Essay creditors can legally go after your personal possessions such as the roof over your head. A partnership, according to the IRS: A partnership is the relationship existing between two or more persons who join to carry on of Implicature, a trade or business. Each person contributes money, property, labor or skill, and expects to examples share in the profits and losses of the company.

A partnership has certain advantages compared to a LLC, such as not needing to file formation documents when setting up a partnership, and Essay, not needing to customer service file dissolution documents if dissolving the partnership. However, similar to sole proprietorships, partners in a partnership have unlimited liability for Theory of Implicature, the companys debts and liabilities. Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) LLPs are different from traditional partnerships in Twin Research Essay that there are two classes of partners: (1) General partners that have full management and control but also full personal liability and Essay Grice’s Theory of Implicature, (2) Limited partners that have no personal liability beyond their investment in the partnership interest. Annelids Examples! Limited partners are often times silent partners that wish to of Implicature invest in the venture but limit their exposure to liability. A corporation is a separate legal entity owned by shareholders. A corporation is From Sweatshop Essay, commonplace for businesses that anticipate seeking venture capital financing. The downside to a corporation is the Essay problem of double taxation since the corporations profits is taxed at the corporate level, and then any dividends distributed to ainsworth shareholders are then taxed again at of Implicature, the personal level. You can elect a special tax status with the IRS to mary theory have your corporation not be taxed at the corporate level (instead, it would be taxed as a pass-through entity).

Some of the drawbacks include not being able to have more than 100 shareholders , and Essay, not being able to have non-US citizens/residents. A popular choice among many small businesses , a LLC limits the members personal liability and only taxes profits at the individual level (acts as a pass-through entity). Describe the type of company you plan to From Sweatshop Essay open, along with the registered name you plan to use. Explain your rationale for example, if you are starting a company where you plan on seeking venture capital financing, then you will want to start a C-Corporation as majority of VCs will insist on this legal structure. If you have a home office/no dedicated business address. Include your current office setup and your future office plans once your company expands, if applicable. For start-ups, and especially those seeking financing, the Management Team section is especially critical. With the Theory of Implicature lack of history, there is Twin, little investors can go by to gauge the future success of a venture.

The question lenders and investors will ask: Why should we trust your team with our money? You must demonstrate your teams ability to execute on the stated goals. To accomplish this, you should highlight: Background of each member of the Essay management team (education, relevant work experience, etc.) Roles and responsibilities within the company. Tip: Dont include details about Twin Essay members of the Management Team that are not relevant to the reader. Everything presented should reinforce why your team is the right team to Theory execute on the companys vision. If you have an established business the wholly subsidiary information you want to Grice’s of Implicature present is the same. Keep in mind, however, that you also want to Research demonstrate that your team has the Theory capability to manage growth of the company. As a company grows from start-up to established business, the of a management team must also change.

They must be able to manage employees, institute standardized systems, and Essay of Implicature, ensure the businesss ability to scale operations while keeping profitability stable. If you already have a Board of Twin Research, Directors and/or Advisory Board, list these individuals and a brief description. In a publically trading company the Board of Directors is elected by the shareholders and is the highest authority in the management of the company. For our purposes (context of a private company that is most likely a startup or small but growing business), a Board of Directors is comprised of investor(s), founder(s), CEO and independent board member(s) who have substantial business and Grice’s Theory, industry experience. A Board of Nike: From Sweatshop to Leadership, Directors typical responsibility is to Essay Theory set broad policies for the company, determine compensation for quality of a, company management, and approve annual budgets. An advisory board is a group of Essay, business leaders that can help guide your company and Twin, provides it with assistance when needed.

Choose individuals with knowledge in your industry and are willing to play a role in Grice’s Theory of Implicature your company . While some advisors are compensated, it comes down to of a person a case-by-case basis, frequently depending on how much time the member is committed to your company. Tips on building your Advisory Board: Choose a well-respected and well-known individual as the first member of of Implicature, your Advisory Board. This will help you to recruit other members of the Board. Choose individuals that have strengths and relationships your business will need. As your business evolves, so will the members of your Advisory Board. Wholly Owned Definition! Feel free to shake up the Grice’s line up over time.

In this section you will tell the reader how much money you need to raise, what you are going to wholly subsidiary definition use it for, and how you got to Grice’s of Implicature the requested amount. Important note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process and in particular, complete the examples financial planning process. Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to raise. There are two primary financing options: equity and debt. The primary difference between equity and Essay Grice’s Theory of Implicature, debt financing is that debt financing is essentially a loan that is backed by your assets or via a personal guarantee. If your company is already in existence and has trading history, then you may also secure a loan off of your receivables.

In contrast, equity financing is essentially you exchanging a stake in your company for mary, a specific sum of money from an investor . Therefore, the amount you are able to raise from investors comes down to how much they value your company. There are three fundamental questions every savvy investor will ask you: Cool idea, how do you make money with it? How much money do you need, and why and when? What do you think your company is worth? If you are seeking financing (regardless of its equity or debt), that most likely means that your financial model shows your company taking a loss in the initial stages, followed by break-even and subsequent profitability.

The money you are seeking to raise will simply allow you to have enough cash to cover the initial period where you will be taking a loss so that you can eventually make a profit. This is Grice’s Theory of Implicature, a simplification; you may be raising money to further grow your company, which may already be profitable. Customer Marks And Spencer! Or you might use the financing to get your product to the next stage in its product development lifecycle (i.e.; milestone event). But the general concept is the same; the investment you are seeking bolsters your companys cash position , allowing it to grow revenue and/or profitability. Cool idea, how do you make money with it? / How much money do you need, and why and when? The financial statements provide the Essay Theory answer to the first two questions (which is why we recommend you complete your plan first). To answer how much money you need, analyze the cash flow statement to determine the cumulative cash flow. The lowest point on this curve will tell you what your maximum financing needs are , and at what point in time. What do you think your company is worth?

The third question is much harder to wholly owned answer, especially for a new company. At the end of the day it really comes down to what an investor thinks your company is worth (which is more art than science). However, there are three popular methods of valuing a company that can help you come up with a valuation to Essay Theory of Implicature facilitate the negotiation. Cost approach (asset based approach) The cost approach seeks to determine a companys value by analyzing the customer marks market value of its assets. In other words, in this approach the Grice’s Theory company is worth the sum of annelids, all its assets if they were to Essay Grice’s be liquidated . This approach may be appropriate for some industries such as real estate where the asset value may actually be worth more than the going concern value (present value of future cash flows generated by the asset). However, for many companies the value of its branding and reputation, along with its ability to wholly owned generate profits, will exceed the value of Essay Grice’s, its assets. The market approach seeks to determine a companys value by analyzing recent sales of similar assets, with the theory that valuations of similar companies can serve as a good proxy. This is a common approach in the real estate industry. The income approach seeks to determine a companys value by using its expected profit over time and Research, then placing a value on that future stream of Essay Grice’s Theory of Implicature, income in todays terms . Mary! Since there is Essay Grice’s Theory of Implicature, inherent uncertainty with a future stream of income, there are numerous ways to discount that expected income to account for risk.

Now you have all the pieces to complete the equation. You have the amount of wholly owned, money you need by looking at cumulative cash flow. You also have an idea of how much money your company will be worth. Equation to determine how much equity you should offer: Equity to offer = Company Valuation / Money needed. If raising debt, you are not exchanging equity for cash. Instead, you should focus on Essay, the loans interest rate and payment schedule.

Make sure you will be turning a profit that is of a person, both large enough and soon enough to ensure there is no delinquency on Essay Theory of Implicature, servicing the loan. For equity financing, answer the following: Investment amount needed When you need it How much time it will buy you / When you expect to turn a profit or get to the next milestone event % of equity offered and at what company valuation (you may wish to ainsworth theory keep exact figures vague in Grice’s Theory of Implicature order to further negotiate) Exit strategy. For debt financing, answer the following: Loan amount needed When you need it When you will be able to pay back the loan The amount and service marks and spencer, frequency of loan payments. In addition to the information above, you should also summarize how you plan to use the Essay Grice’s Theory funds. The level of detail should be at a high level ; if the investor or lender wants to see expenses in more detail that will be available in the Appendix within the person Profit/Loss statement. Construction of new kitchen: Kitchen remodeling, March 1, 2014, $25,000 Kitchen hardware, April 1, 2014, $50,000 Total Loan Amount: $75,000. If based on Essay of Implicature, your financial model you anticipate relatively small yet variable expenses month to mary ainsworth month, a line of credit may be a good choice.

With a line of credit you draw upon it when you require the funds and pay interest immediately on the money as it is borrowed. It works very similarly to Essay Grice’s a credit card in that you typically have a pre-set limit to how much you can borrow, the major exception that since you may be able to secure the line of credit with assets, you may be able to get better terms. In the Quick Start Guide we briefly went over the different strategies available and how thinking about your companys eventual exit will help shape your business model. Its recommended you review the Quick Start guide and practice that exercise. Depending on your company, there are various exit strategies available, including: Selling your business Passing it down through the quality family Taking the Grice’s Theory of Implicature company public (IPO) Liquidation. If you are seeking equity financing, then your investors will pay close attention to this section. Angel investors and VCs demand a large return on their investment since they are taking a large risk by investing into your company.

Therefore, you need to include detailed information on customer marks and spencer, how you intend to sell the company or take it public. Demonstrating a large market opportunity. If investors are going to Grice’s of Implicature take a big risk, they demand a big return. You need to demonstrate your business has the potential to owned subsidiary definition either take substantial market share from an incumbent competitor, or create a new market. Investors like to be in hot, growing industries such as biotechnology, mobile e-commerce and healthcare. Of Implicature! These are all industries that have huge upside growth potential and quality, ones that investors are more inclined to invest in. Solving a larger companys problem. If your exit strategy is to Theory sell your company to a larger company, then identify how your companys product solves that larger companys stated problems and/or goals.

For example, Apples mapping software is playing catch-up to Google Maps. If your company can help Apple improve its software, your company would become an Twin Research Essay attractive acquisition target. The mission statement reflects the core purpose and vision of the company. Essay Grice’s Of Implicature! Its a statement your employees and quality, customers can get behind. Some tips on writing a well-crafted mission statement: Keep it short.

1-2 sentences max. Of Implicature! Dont use fluff words. Make the statement mean something. A mission statement, if done well, should encapsulate both what the company does (what it sells) as well as the Twin culture/vision/purpose. Examples of Fortune 500 firms that really get it right: A. Essay Of Implicature! BRISTOL-MYERS SQUIBB COMPANY (PHARMACEUTICALS) Mission Statement: To discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over serious diseases. Why its great: The keywords discover, develop and Twin Essay, deliver demonstrate the companys capability to in delivering an Grice’s Theory of Implicature end-to-end solution.

By using the words innovate and prevail over customer service and spencer serious diseases it serves as a rallying call for their thousands of employees that what they are doing is (1) cutting edge and (2) has a higher purpose then themselves. Mission statement: We will be the easiest pharmacy retailer for customers to use. Why its great: In one short sentence, the Theory of Implicature company has managed to (1) describe what it sells (2) how it will win in the marketplace. Ainsworth Theory! It is a pharmacy retailer and it will solely focus on Essay Grice’s of Implicature, making itself easier for the customer to use (that could mean so many things, such as innovating online to fulfill prescriptions to Research Essay improved customer service within their stores). Example of poorly written mission statements. A. FORTUNE 500 FOOD AND BEVERAGE COMPANY. Mission statement: The Companys primary objective is to maximize long-term stockholder value, while adhering to the laws of the jurisdictions in which it operates and at all times observing the highest ethical standards. Why its horrible: It does not serve as a rallying call for employees, suppliers, or partners. Its objectives are obvious (what company does not want to maximize value) and borderline absurd (are there companies that do not want to adhere to Theory of Implicature local and federal laws)?

Lastly, it does not mention what the company actually does. B. FORTUNE 500 VEHICLE PARTS SUPPLIER. Mission Statement: We are committed to attracting, developing, and keeping a diverse work force that reflects the nature of of a person, our global business. Why its horrible: While a diverse workforce is Grice’s of Implicature, certainly not a bad thing, only stating that as the companys mission statement is quality, ineffective, lacks direction or focus, and completely misses the Grice’s point of having a mission statement. This is service marks and spencer, predominately for businesses that have previous trading history, but can also be used by new companies that want to Essay Theory of Implicature highlight relevant history on how the company came to existence, work completed to date, milestones achieved, etc. Some information you may want to Research include: Start date First location First product/service Significant milestones/events. Reminder: keep in mind that there is no set rule as to the level of Essay Theory of Implicature, detail you want to Nike: Sweatshop Essay include. This is dictated by Essay Grice’s Theory of Implicature the relevancy of the information to the reader and how this information helps strengthen your plans ability to build credibility for your company.

Every company is made of milestones. Milestones for a business are achievements that demonstrate the business is on the right track. They are best when quantifiable and measureable. For example, achieving a working prototype of your product, or getting to break-even, are both huge milestones that showcase your ability to execute and reduces subsequent risk of your company. Key concept: The more uncertainty that you can take off from the table, the better valuation you can get for your business. For businesses that have a retail or manufacturing component, this is an important section of your plan. Information you may want to include: Size (e.g.; in sq. ft.) Location/Address Other notable facts, such as equipment at mary theory, the facility. Location is important for a large number of retail businesses, whether you are a restaurant or purveyor of consumer products.

If possible, provide statistics about the retail location you have chosen or are planning to choose. Describe the lease terms you are able to Essay Theory secure, and if there are any laws that protect the lessee from unreasonable price increases. You can read a detailed article about what to look for annelids examples, in a lease agreement here. Provide detailed information on the manufacturing facilities. For example, your operation may require a reliable source of electricity and Essay Grice’s, water. Subsidiary Definition! Describe how the facility provides the business with these resources. If the facility is pre-existing equipment or structures that can be leveraged, make mention of Essay Grice’s of Implicature, that. Location can be an important aspect of your business even if you are not in retail or manufacturing. For example, you might want to open your software company in Silicon Valley as that provides a competitive advantage from an wholly subsidiary definition employee recruitment and fundraising perspective. If you operate out of a home office. Describe your future expansion plans, including expected date of expansion.

Upon completing these sections, you will then be finished with the company and financing section of your business plan. Writing the Products and Services Chapter. The products and services chapter of your business plan should be written clearly and descriptively, to help give investors a comprehensive understanding of the bread and butter of Essay Grice’s Theory of Implicature, your business. Your products and services section should include the following sections. Products and Services Chapter Sections. Products and quality of a, Services Competitors Sourcing and Fulfillment (optional) Technology (optional) Intellectual Property (optional) Future Products and Services (optional) Your products and Essay Grice’s Theory of Implicature, services are the lifeblood of your business its what your customers need, and if you get this right, everything else will follow . Quality Of A! Commonly referred to as product lift, which essentially means getting the Essay Grice’s secret sauce working.

It means that customers want to buy your product/service, and annelids examples, you are filling a need that was previously not satisfied. Thinking in Essay Grice’s terms of benefits vs. features. What is the consumer really buying? For example, a person buying a Rolex watch is not only buying a device to tell time, but the prestige and status that comes with a luxury product. Think about what end benefit your product/service delivers. Of course, the functional aspects of your product/service are also important. Depending on marks, what you are going to sell, think through the features it will provide, packaging, design, branding, quality, and other aspects that help position and/or differentiate it from competing products/services. You may have heard the business adage that acquiring a new customer is indefinitely more expensive then keeping an existing customer. One of the reasons this is true is the Essay Grice’s potential to sell additional add-ons, upgrades and substitute products/services to existing customers . Wholly Definition! Think about how you can drive incremental revenue. Whether its via subscriptions, repeat business, or annual contracts, you may be providing products/services that generate a recurring revenue stream.

This is a good thing, because (1) your revenue can be more predictable and stable (2) you are maximizing earning potential . Think how you can generate recurring revenue, which is expressed with a metric called Lifetime Value per customer. You will complete the price you want to Essay Grice’s Theory of Implicature set your products/services in the Financial Plan chapter, and we also have a section for you to describe your pricing strategy; however it is advisable to start thinking about how you want to mary price your products/services. Competitive analysis is an Grice’s of Implicature extremely useful tool and one that should be revisited often as the competitive landscape changes over time. It starts with competitive analysis. Background (location, history, ownership) Financials (revenue, profitability) Products (product line, services, patents, licenses) Marketing (channels used and examples, budget, pricing, alliances/affiliates) Personnel (headcount, notable executives, compensation, job openings) Market share Strengths, Weaknesses. Tips on how to perform competitive analysis.

The Internet makes this much easier then in Essay Grice’s of Implicature days past. Service! Some ideas: Google search using keywords that your customers would use to find you Look up industry association websites Look up directories such as Yahoo or Crunchbase Use Indeed.com to find your competitors job openings Competitors websites Find your competitors management team members on LinkedIn. Not only do you have to Theory worry about current competitors you can see, but you have to be vigilant and be on the lookout for new entrants. For example, a company that already sells to your customer base may see your industry as a logical next step.

You should consider the likelihood of new entrants high if: The industry sees high margins (its super profitable) There is unmet demand (more customers then suppliers) There are no major barriers to entry (does not take much to start competing) There is future growth potential (such as mobile apps) Much of this is common sense if you see a market opportunity that no one is competing in yet, dont expect that you will be alone for long. Sourcing is simply the to Leadership process of procuring goods and services from suppliers that are required for your company to make its products or deliver its service. Some things to consider when choosing and managing your suppliers:

Cost: This is an Essay Theory obvious one the lower the price, the wholly owned definition higher your profit margins will be. Payment terms: The longer you have to pay your suppliers, the more working capital you have on hand. Reliability: You must consider how reliable your suppliers are and what would happen to your ability to operate if they cannot deliver. Scalability: As your business expands, will your suppliers be able to meet your needs? Fulfillment is simply the process of how your company delivers its products/services, from Grice’s, point of mary theory, sale to delivery. There are several popular fulfillment options: Engineer to order: the product is designed and Grice’s, built to customer specifications (e.g.; large construction projects) Build to customer service and spencer order: the products design is standardized but manufacture of final product is based off of Grice’s Theory of Implicature, customer specifications (e.g.; aircraft and yachts) Assemble to order: the product is assembled to the customers specifications using pre-fabricated components (e.g.; Chipotles burritos, Dell computers) Make to stock: the product is manufactured in quantity based on subsidiary, expected sales of the of Implicature product (e.g.; retailers)

If you are going to be selling physical products and subsidiary definition, expect to hold inventory, then you should pay very close attention to how you forecast the amount of inventory you need to meet your projected sales. Too little inventory and you may not be able to meet demand. Too much inventory and you tie up all of your cash on excess inventory. Some key points: Have accurate sales forecasts. Grice’s Theory Of Implicature! Use historical sales data if you have it, and annelids examples, make sure you account for Essay Theory, seasonality. Have accurate inventory tracking.

Use bar code scanning or equivalent to ensure there are no data entry errors. Utilize inventory management software. QuickBooks, Sage, and a plethora of other vendors provide a cloud-based solution for you to manage and maximize your inventory levels. Technology in todays business environment is becoming more and more important and quality of a person, serves as a source of competitive advantage. Take Wal-Mart or FedEx as two examples of companies that provide services (low-cost products and Essay, shipping), but utilize technology as a critical means of delivering those services. Wal-Mart uses a sophisticated supply chain management IT system to ensure its low prices. FedEx uses technology to optimize delivery routes and times, which enables it to ship to practically every corner of the globe, seamlessly and with very low error rates. Think about how technology plays a part in your business and if it is critical to your business operations.

If technology is critical to your business operations, then you must think about your disaster preparedness and contingency planning . Depending on your business, you may want to create back-up copies of data and software, routine security checks, and securing physical assets. What would happen if you lost access to customer service marks the technology? Think about Essay Theory alternatives that you could utilize. For example, if you license a piece of software and later down the From to Leadership Essay road decide that the cost is too high, is there a competitor who can license you an Grice’s Theory of Implicature alternative? If you have exclusive rights to a technology, either through a patent or through an exclusive license agreement, this is a great competitive advantage and one that you will want to to Leadership Essay describe in detail. There are two types of intellectual property that may be applicable to a business: industrial property (such as patents and trademarks), and Essay Grice’s Theory, copyright (such as novels and movies). If you have intellectual property that you want to protect, it is advisable that you seek the quality of a person professional advice of a good Patent/IP Attorney , since this is a great way to provide a barrier to entry for your business. Intellectual property type 1: Industry property.

These include inventions (patents), trademarks and industrial designs (trade secrets, trade dress). Of Implicature! If you have any proprietary process or technology then it is recommended that you apply for a patent to protect your invention. You should apply for a trademark for Nike: From Sweatshop, your company name and logo as well. Intellectual property type 2: copyright. These include literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures, and architectural designs.

In 2011, counterfeit copyrighted and trademarked goods were a $600 billion dollar industry worldwide. Enforcing your intellectual property may be feasible from a legal point of view, but many times is not practical in practice. For example, Microsoft cannot possibly prosecute every single instance where its popular operating systems are copied and downloaded. IP and your employees and Grice’s of Implicature, contractors. It is just as important to secure your intellectual property in relation to your employees and wholly, contractors. Everyone should be required to sign an invention assignment agreement, which basically states that the company owns all works produced while contracted by the company. In addition, you may consider handing out serialized notebooks for employees to Essay Grice’s Theory of Implicature use , so that if there is ever a conflict as to whom owns a piece of intellectual property, there is a physical record.

If you have future products and services planned, it is a good idea to describe the product roadmap and strategy behind it . A key concept is that of product lifecycle, which describes the of a person stages of the life of a product. During this phase, your product will incur heavy promotional costs as you get the word out. You may discount the Grice’s Theory of Implicature price of the product to encourage new customers. During this phase, you may focus on expanding your product to new segments in the marketplace, and expand the product line (for example, with new colors or other variations). During this phase, you are enjoying the fruits of your labor. You may add new features to From Sweatshop to Leadership Essay your product to stay competitive and to further differentiate your product from competitors. Marketing spend for your product starts to dissipate as sales of your product are in steady decline.

After including all of this information, youll have completed the products and services chapter. Writing the Customers and Market Analysis Chapter. The customers and market analysis chapter will give you an Essay Grice’s opportunity to describe what your customer segments are, what needs you are filling for them, and how these groups of customers are trending in terms of growth and behavior. This chapter also includes any regulatory restrictions specific to customer your industry. Customers and Essay Grice’s Theory of Implicature, Market Analysis Sections.

Market Overview Market Needs Market Trends (optional) Market Growth (optional) Industry Analysis (optional) Key Customers (optional) In the market overview section you are going to calculate the total market (referred to as Total Addressable Market) for your products, and then the Sweatshop to Leadership Essay segment of that market your business can capture. Total addressable market can be thought of in several distinct levels. At the highest level is an estimate of the Theory total market given 100% saturation. Theory! Another way of looking at this is what would be the total market if one company had 100% market share.

Once you have the total addressable market, then you can estimate what percentage of this you can realistically capture. This, of course, is much harder to predict with accuracy. So the important thing to remember is to utilize strong sources for your assumptions. For example, lets say you plan to open a high-end steakhouse in downtown Miami. Essay Grice’s Of Implicature! To calculate your total addressable market, you might count how many high-end restaurants are in the downtown area and research the average annual sales for customer marks, each restaurant. Then multiply the two to get the Essay of Implicature total sales for all high-end restaurants. This would be your total addressable market. Using the example above, we can then drill down to the next level and mary theory, determine what percentage of the market you can realistically capture. You might assume that you will take an equal share of the market, thereby decreasing all other competitors shares in the market. Or you might offer cheaper prices, which you assume would take a larger percent of the market.

Whatever your assumption, make sure it is well documented and logical. To obtain jaw-dropping product-lift you must solve a difficult and painful problem for Essay of Implicature, the customer. And if there are competitors, you must solve the problem better than them, and wholly owned, enough so that customers are willing to switch to your company. Describe what problem your product is Essay Theory, solving. Mary Ainsworth Theory! If you are targeting multiple customer segments, make sure you go into detail on how your product serves each customer segment.

Describe how your solution better solves customers pain points then your competitors. We as consumers are inherently lazy. We do not want to go through the Grice’s Theory of Implicature time and cost of switching from Research, one companys product/services unless it is compelling enough, which is Grice’s, dependent on the switching cost. From Sweatshop To Leadership! For example, there is virtually no cost to Essay switch from Coke to Pepsi. On the other hand, there is high switching cost associated with migrating from a Mac to a PC. To overcome this problem, describe how your product either is wholly subsidiary, able to overcome customers inherent adversity towards switching products, or if your product is able to Essay Theory of Implicature reach new customers and bypass switching costs altogether (in other words, instead of taking customers away from your competitors, you are creating a new market for your products). Understanding market trends at the macro level is critical for various aspects of your business. A growing or shrinking market is described in more detail in the market growth section. Below are some of the other factors that will affect market trends:

The overall economy has a disproportionate effect on some businesses. For example, dog-walking services usually see a decline in sales as households reduce spending on non-essential purchases. Government regulations and policies can completely alter an industry, so it is imperative that you are up to Sweatshop to Leadership date on upcoming changes. For example, the Jobs Act of 2012 allowed for the first time non-accredited investors to Essay Grice’s Theory of Implicature participate in private placement of quality of a, securities. This in turn has created a new market for crowd-funding websites to Essay Grice’s Theory emerge to person connect startups with all types of investors. You may be in an industry where political conditions have an Grice’s Theory impact on the bottom line. Research Essay! For example, if you count the Dept. of Defense as one of your clients, then the Essay Theory across-the-board budget cuts (i.e.; Sequestration in the Budget Control Act of 2011) would surely have a negative effect on your business. If you build your business on top of a technology platform that will soon be replaced with a more cost affordable, powerful, and easier to annelids examples use technology, then that will surely put you in a less advantageous position.

Knowing technology trends is valuable in ensuring you are gaining a competitive advantage through the use of technology. Your customers may change their sensitivity to price depending on a variety of factors, including competition, macroeconomic conditions, and Grice’s of Implicature, changing consumer tastes. Keeping an eye on Twin, this trend will ensure you optimize your pricing strategy. Market growth, mathematically, is simply measuring the change in market size from one time period to Grice’s Theory the next (usually in years). So if the market in the first year was $100 million and $150 million the second year, then the market can be said to have grown by customer service marks 50%.

You will find that measuring market growth using historical market size data is Grice’s, much easier then forecasting market growth. Utilize publically available data sources, trade publications, market research firms, and government agencies to find much of this research. Being able to demonstrate a market is growing is obviously important for example, the market for customer service, Blackberry accessories is clearly a declining market. Most investors and lenders will not want to Essay Theory see a new business chase after dwindling customers. On the other hand, the annelids market for Grice’s Theory of Implicature, Apple and Samsung phone accessories have seen great growth and mary ainsworth theory, will continue to grow as those companies continue to add new customers. Your industry is defined as the group of companies that are related to you in terms of what you sell/how you derive your revenue. Essay Theory! For example, Ford and Nissan are both in the automotive industry. Ford and Nissans market (i.e.; customers) would be the end consumers who buy their cars. You will want to describe your industry name/classification (SIC/NAICS Code), which can be found on the Dept. of Labor website.

Understanding your industrys dynamics is imperative to knowing its profit potential and attractiveness. Annelids Examples! A popular framework for conducting industry analysis is Porters five forces analysis, which analyzes an industrys competitiveness (and therefore attractiveness). By performing this analysis you will have a clear picture of your competitors and how your company fits within the Essay Theory of Implicature competitive landscape. If your industry has low barriers to of a entry and low switching costs, then expect increased competition, as there is little standing in Essay Grice’s of Implicature the way for new entrants to enter the market and compete. If your industry is supplied by very few suppliers with little alternative but to Nike: From Sweatshop to Leadership Essay source from those suppliers, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If your industry only has a small number of buyers, or there are many alternative products to choose from, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If there are many substitute products in your industry and the switching costs between them are low, then expect substantial competition.

An industry is very competitive if there are many competitors about the same size, there is little differentiation between competitors products, and it is mature with little growth (so the Essay Grice’s of Implicature only way to grow is to take a competitors market share). Although your product may cater to many different sets of customers, you want to focus on a select group that will be the most likely to examples purchase your product/service and Grice’s, account for the lions share of person, your companys revenue. For many businesses, you will soon realize that a large portion of your revenue comes from a small percentage of your customers. Essay Theory Of Implicature! For example, Starbucks may realize their key customers are white-collar business types that purchase a cup of coffee every day, versus the student type that comes in once a month. When you can name your key customers. If you are in customer service and spencer a business where volumes are low and Essay Theory, prices are high, then you should be able to name your key customers individually. Mary Ainsworth Theory! In this case, you should describe in detail your relationship with each of them separately.

If youve filled out this chapter, congratulations. Doing market research and customer analysis is a complicated and Essay of Implicature, time consuming task. Time to move on wholly definition, to the next chapter! Writing the Marketing and Sales Chapter. The marketing and sales chapter gives you an Theory of Implicature opportunity to describe how you will manage your sales force and what sales activities they will conduct in and spencer order to of Implicature close sales. Overview Positioning Pricing Promotion Distribution. In this section, summarize your marketing plan, being sure to include:

Positioning: Are you going to be the lowest cost provider or provide a differentiated product? Pricing: How will you price your products/services? Promotion: How will your market your products/services? Distribution: Where will your product/services be available? Tip: It will be easier to write this section after you complete the subsequent sections as the overview section summarizes key findings from the other section. Keep this section at the summary-level, as you will go into further detail in the subsequent sections.

Describe how you position your company within the annelids competitive landscape. Will you compete on price, or will you differentiate your offering and stand out from Essay Grice’s Theory, your peers? For example, Wal-Mart positions itself as the low-cost provider in an industry, while Apple designs premium products to reach the luxury end of the market. Provide your product/service at customer service marks, the cheapest price point in the marketplace. There are three primary ways to achieve this: Economies of Scale: For example, being able to turn more tables in a restaurant or produce more widgets in Essay of Implicature a factory. Quality Person! The more you are able to Essay Grice’s Theory of Implicature produce from your asset, the cheaper it becomes.

It will also be harder for annelids, your competitors to Essay Grice’s Theory enter the market since you have fixed assets and quality, experience that requires a large investment. Low operating costs: Keeping costs down across all aspects of the business, including: Standardization: Limited customization Outsourcing: Outsourcing labor to low cost production centers Thrift: Limiting advertising and RD spend Optimized supply-chain: By lowering inventory and negotiating with suppliers, companies can substantially improve their profitability and cash flow. Making your product/service unique by targeting a specific segment of the market is a compelling strategy, especially if: Your customers are not price sensitive The market is competitive Your are targeting a specific niche You can provide a product/service that is not easily copied. You can also achieve differentiation through branding and marketing for example, Starbucks sells premium coffee at a premium price point, primarily through the strength of their branding and Essay Theory, not through the taste of their coffee. Determining the optimal price for your products/services will require you to think through several factors: If you are going shooting for the low cost provider strategy, then you will want to price yourself accordingly.

Likewise, if you are going for the luxury end of the market, then a higher price is often times a proxy for quality. How price sensitive are your customers? If your customers are making their purchase decision primarily based on price, then you will want to be sensitive to this. The price you set must be high enough to mary ainsworth over your costs so you can turn a profit. Grice’s Of Implicature! There are, of course, exceptions. Customer! For example, you might want to achieve economies of Essay Theory, scale by annelids maximizing units sold, or you might be maximizing revenue to achieve dominant market share.

There may be regulatory/legal constraints on how much you can charge. For example, payday loan vendors are restricted in how much they can charge their customers. Looking at Grice’s Theory of Implicature, what your competitors charge can give you a understanding of what current customers are accustomed to mary paying and will likely be willing to pay for your products/services. There are price points that consumers are psychologically more accustomed to, such as amounts ending in .99 or .95. In this section, you move from describing your marketing plan onto Essay of Implicature, how you will convey your marketing message to mary ainsworth your intended audience. Grice’s! What marketing channels will you utilize to examples reach your target customers? Depending on your business, traditional media may be an Essay Theory important component of your complete marketing toolbox. These would include television, radio, billboards, flyers, etc. In todays environment few companies can afford not to have a strong online presence.

There are a myriad of ainsworth, options available. Each marketing channel must be carefully measured for effectiveness, as online marketing can quickly add up and consume a small businesss entire marketing budget. A website is Theory, a key component of your digital marketing efforts as it will be the destination in which your online leads will first visit. Some online marketing options include: Search engines (i.e.; Google, Bing) Directories (Yelp, Angies List) Daily deals (Groupon) Email marketing Social media (Facebook, Twitter)

Word of Twin Research, mouth marketing is by far the most profitable and powerful marketing channel available to any business. New customers that are referred to your business are more likely to purchase and Grice’s Theory, more likely to continue referring your company. Examples! There are ways to boost word of mouth marketing, especially with the advent of Grice’s, social media. For example, asking a satisfied customer to mary ainsworth theory like your business on Yelp and Facebook will potentially reach hundreds of Essay Theory of Implicature, their contacts, all with one click. Integrating social media into your word of mouth marketing strategy is ainsworth theory, invaluable for every business. Blogging/Becoming a subject matter expert. Having a leading voice in Essay Grice’s Theory of Implicature your industry will help your business gain credibility from customers, suppliers, partners and competitors.

You can start by participating on public forums and blogs related to your business and adapting the adage give more to mary get more. How will your products be available? On one end of the Grice’s Theory spectrum is direct marketing, whereby you sell directly to your customers. Or if you manufacture your products, you might sell through distributors, who in turn sell to quality person retailers, who in turn sell to consumers. Three common models: Product is Essay Grice’s Theory, stocked in mass-market distribution channels. Examples include soft drinks, magazines, etc. Product is specialized and sold through specialized channels. Examples include nautical computers and and spencer, tooling/machinery. Product is only sold through an exclusive channel. Examples include luxury products such as high-end motorcycles or designer handbags.

The Internet presents an Grice’s unparalleled opportunity to reach customers directly, as well as working with online channel partners to reach and sell to customers. Writing the annelids Strategy and Implementation Chapter. The strategy and implementation chapter will give you an opportunity to define the key milestones that mark meaningful progress towards your goals. It also includes sections that further elaborate on your competitors. Strategy and Implementation Sections. Milestones SWOT Analysis (optional) Competitive Edge (optional) Strategic Alliances (optional)

Milestones are the key events that demonstrate progress is being made , such as completing the companys first prototype or breaking even. These provide a tangible way to measure the Theory of Implicature success of the business venture. Milestones are so incredibly important to customer a business yet are one of those things that can be easily overlooked. Why are milestones so important? Because they are a way to measure meaningful progress of a company that in effect, makes that company less risky (and therefore more valuable). Of Implicature! A new company has an extremely high-risk profile but as it meets tangible milestones, such as completing a prototype or breaking even, the companys risk decreases. It becomes more apparent that the venture will succeed. Investors and lenders will be looking at customer, what milestones your company has reached in order to create a fair valuation. Milestones might include: Assembling company team First working prototype Filing/receiving patent or other IP Securing physical location for store First paying customer Breaking even Turning a profit* *If you can demonstrate not only turning a profit, but also sustaining that profit, then that is a huge milestone. SWOT Analysis is a useful technique for understanding your companys strengths and Essay Theory, weaknesses , while identifying both the opportunities open to your business and the threats it faces.

Strengths and Sweatshop to Leadership Essay, Weaknesses refer to internal factors in your company, such as: Employees and staff Physical assets such as equipment and facilities Financial assets. Opportunities and Threats refer to external factors facing your company, such as: Market trends Regulatory and legal Macroeconomic conditions Competitors. Competitive edge can be bucketed into four primary areas: cost, differentiation, innovation and operational effectiveness. Are you providing a product/service at a lower cost then your competitors? This is Essay of Implicature, a straightforward competitive edge that is very difficult to deliver. Providing the lowest cost may require operating on razor thin profit margins or heavy investment in fixed costs in order to achieve economies of Twin Essay, scale. Are you providing a product/service that your competitors are not offering or cannot offer?

This is a common strategy whereby you provide differentiated value in order to better serve customers and/or reach a portion of the market that may be under-served. Are you leapfrogging your competition and providing a notably superior or new product/service? Popularized by the book Blue Ocean Strategy, creating new demand in an uncontested market space is a powerful business strategy. Do you provide superior time to Grice’s of Implicature market or customer service? For example, your customers may be willing to pay a higher price for better customer service . Nordstroms is an example of a company that uses superior customer service as a competitive advantage. Forging strategic alliances is From, a commonplace occurrence in Essay Grice’s of Implicature business.

There are a wide variety of alliances you might encounter, with various parties in which you do business. Even if you do not have any alliances, there may be an opportunity for a partnership in the future and that should be included in this section. You might have a supplier who has a disproportionate amount of Research Essay, influence and power of Grice’s Theory of Implicature, your business. Customer Service Marks And Spencer! Striking a partnership in this case may decrease those risk factors and Grice’s of Implicature, provide a competitive advantage over your competitors. You might have a large portion of your revenue coming from several key customers. Inking an Nike: From exclusive agreement to lock in revenue would, for instance, give you predictable cash flow. It is not uncommon to partner with competitors under certain circumstances for example, to set standards for the industry or to help further adoption of a technology.

For example, Sony and Panasonic partnered together to increase the adoption of Blu-ray DVDs. Aligning your brand with another company is frequently used, especially if both brands are targeting the same demographic. For example, Samsung is the official sponsor of the Essay Grice’s of Implicature Olympic games and will provide free mobile phones to wholly owned definition all Olympic athletes. Upon completing these sections, your strategy and implementation chapter will be finished. Writing the Financial Plan, Statements, and Sales Forecast Chapters. Writing the financial plan, financial statements, and sales forecast will be the most difficult part of your entire plan.

It requires making a large number of Grice’s Theory of Implicature, intelligent assumptions about the owned definition size of the market you can realistically target, and Essay, the costs associated with making your product or rendering your services. Of A Person! These sections are the red meat of Grice’s Theory, your plan these are the chapters that any seasoned angel investor or venture capitalist will dig into to make sure they know theyre making a solid financial investment. Chapter 7: Financial Plan and Sales Forecast Sections. Sales Forecast Personnel Plan Budget Cash Flow Assumptions Loans and Investments Starting Balances Historical Financials Key Metrics for Success. Define the Essay price in which you will sell your products and services, the cost it will take to produce or sell the Essay Grice’s of Implicature product/service, and the number of units you will sell. Be conservative when making your estimates on the number of units you will sell, ensuring you have a reasonable methodology when making your forecast. It is highly recommended that you first complete the Twin Essay following sections as they lay the foundation for defining the sales forecast. Products/Services section: Defines what you will sell and at Essay Theory of Implicature, what price point; also seeks to define the production cost Target Market section: Defines the size of your target market and what quantities you can sell. Tip: Your sales forecast should sync with your Sales and Essay, Marketing plan. For example, if you plan on hiring several sales people nine months from the start of your business, you should forecast an increase in sales thereafter.

This is the price you will sell your products/services. Fixed price: Suitable for of Implicature, most sales forecast modeling Price changes over time: The price of and spencer, your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for several reasons: Keep up with inflation Keep up with increased cost of raw materials or components Seasonal product discount to offload excess inventory Promote new product discount upfront to encourage sales, then increase later. This is the Essay Theory direct cost of producing your product/service (at the of a person unit level). Otherwise known as cost of goods sold (COGS). Fixed costs: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling % of of Implicature, sales: A good way to owned subsidiary definition forecast costs; as sales increase you can set the Theory of Implicature cost as a % of sales on a sliding scale. Costs vary each month: The cost of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for several reasons: Economy of scale: the examples more units you produce, the Essay of Implicature cheaper it becomes to produce them Bargaining power: the more units you buy from your supplies, the cheaper they become Seasonality: cost of raw materials may fluctuate based on time of year. This is the expected number of units you will sell.

My units are constant: Not particularly suitable as most businesses will expect to have some growth over time. Units sold changes over wholly owned time: The quantity sold of your product/service may increase over time for several reasons: Growing market share Finding new markets. Sales tax requirements vary by Grice’s Theory of Implicature country and by products/services sold. In the United States, there is quality of a person, no sales tax at the federal level; however, many states levy selective sales tax on particular goods or services. Check with your state department of taxation if you are required to collect sales tax. If yes, you collect the sales tax from your customers and then remit the tax to the state each year. If the individual assumptions used for each component of the Grice’s Theory of Implicature sales forecast is accurate, so will the overall sales forecast. You should be able to explain where each number comes from, citing studies/research that validates your assumptions. The costs of hiring personnel are often the largest expense of any business. In this section, you will enter forecasted employees and contractors you plan to hire.

The number of Twin Essay, personnel you plan to Essay Grice’s Theory of Implicature hire and at what time is more of an art then a science. Too much staff too soon and youll burn through your working capital. Mary Ainsworth Theory! Too few staff and youll run the risk of alienating your customers and partners when you cant deliver. A good way to think about your personnel plan is to Essay Theory of Implicature think about the milestones you want your business to accomplish and what personnel are required to get your business there. You can always revise your estimates, so start off with your best estimate and come back to this section later. Annelids Examples! Tweak as needed so that your business model demonstrates profitability within your target time frame. The type of company you are building and the financing required also makes a big difference in your staffing plan. For example, if you are seeking venture capital that mean you are going to want to hire and scale quickly in of Implicature order to and spencer generate large revenues. Conversely, if you are seeking debt financing, you want to operate as lean as possible and maximize profitability so you can service your loans.

Fixed amount: Suitable for most situations. Changes over time: You might want to define a compensation plan for Essay Grice’s Theory, sales personnel that have an annual bonus component, for example. Employee: If choosing employee you will have to consider certain employee taxes and other considerations. Contractor: If selecting contractor, ensure that you are classifying said contractor correctly. In the United States, for example, you are legally required to provide employee-type benefits in wholly owned definition certain situations even if you classify the personnel as a contractor. If hiring employees, you will be responsible for additional costs such as (but not limited to) payroll taxes, workers compensation and health insurance, paid time off, training and travel expenses, vacation and sick leave, pension contributions and Essay Theory of Implicature, other benefits. This is customer service and spencer, referred to the burden rate, which provides a truer picture of total labor costs than payroll costs alone. Of Implicature! Burden rate only affects employees and not contractors. If unsure what to of a person enter, 15% is a fair estimate. Explain the assumptions and Grice’s Theory, methodology used to define the service and spencer personnel your business plans to retain, including how you came up with your compensation figures and burden rate. For example, you might explain that as you plan to hire several sales people to coincide with the release of a new product.

Enter expenses you plan on incurring for Grice’s of Implicature, your business. Customer Service And Spencer! A good way to Theory of Implicature make sure you capture majority of quality person, your businesss expenses is to think through costs associated with each functional area of your business, such as product development, marketing and operations. Categorize expense into groups, such legal and administrative, rent and Theory of Implicature, leases, and telecommunications. Do not include fixed asset expenses (assets whereby you derive value from for more than 12 months) such as a company van or computers. You will enter these in the next step. Advertising Expense Amortization Expense Auto Expense Bad Debt Expense Bank Charges Cash Over and Short Commission Expense Depreciation Expense Employee Benefit Program Freight Expense Gifts Expense Insurance General Interest Expense Professional Fees License Expense Maintenance Expense Meals and From Essay, Entertainment Office Expense Payroll Taxes Printing Postage Rent Repairs Expense Salaries Expense Supplies Expense Taxes FIT Expense Utilities Expense Gain/Loss on Sale of Assets. Enter long-term asset expenses here. Grice’s Of Implicature! Long-term assets are comprised of two types: tangible and intangible assets.

Fixed assets are tangible assets that provide value for more than 12 months, such as a company van or computers. Fixed assets are depreciated over its useful lifetime. This is an accounting method that allows the business to allocate the costs of the quality of a asset over its life by gradually reducing its value. Common fixed assets: Land and Grice’s, Buildings Motor vehicles Furniture Office equipment Fixtures and fittings Plant and machinery. Intangible assets are long-term assets that are not physical in nature. Intangible assets are amortized over its useful life. These might include:

Intellectual property (items such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, business methodologies) Goodwill Brand recognition. Enter other short-term assets here, which most likely will be any prepaid expense that lasts for less than 12 months. Besides prepaid expenses, other current assets also include short-term investments and securities that are likely to turned into cash within a year. A prepaid expense can be described as such: A 12-month office lease is signed with the total lease amount of $12,000 being paid upfront. Classifying this as a regular expense would not be accurate because then the PL Statement and Essay, Cash Flow Statement would both show the $12,000 as a one-time upfront payment on the month it which it was made. Grice’s Of Implicature! This type of expense is From Essay, better described as a prepaid expense, since the Grice’s Theory use of the office is quality of a, spread out over a 12-month period of Grice’s Theory, time and can be considered an asset on customer service marks and spencer, the Balance Sheet that is expensed over time.

By classifying this as a prepaid expense (or an amortized short term asset) then the PL Statement would show the $12,000 prepaid expense spread across 12 months at $1,000 each month, while the Grice’s Theory Cash Flow Statement would reflect the $12,000 payment on month in wholly owned subsidiary definition which it was made. Under Assets, the Balance Sheet would then show the amount of Prepaid Lease that is remaining at the end of the accounting period. Enter an Theory estimate for income taxes you expect to pay, which should be a summation of federal, state and local income tax. Do not include other taxes such as property tax (should be entered as a separate expense) or employee-related taxes (this is covered in the Personnel Section as the Burden Rate). As this is only an estimate, 100% accuracy is ainsworth, not required (if unsure what to enter here, use 20%). Dividends and distributions (for corporations and LLCs/partnerships, respectively) are payments to the companys shareholders/owners, taken from the companys profit. Dividends are typically paid out at Essay Grice’s of Implicature, the end of the fiscal year, while distributions can be given out at customer marks, the discretion of the owners. Essay Theory! You may want to set this to zero initially and see how the financials of annelids examples, your business model work out; then you can work backwards and determine how much of retained profit you want to distribute to Essay Theory of Implicature owners/shareholders. Here you can explain any regular costs that are associated with running your business. What are the monthly or ongoing costs that you must pay to Twin Research keep the Essay business up and running? For example, this could be paying monthly utilities and service marks and spencer, rent expenses for your office space, insurance, or any marketing or advertising costs.

For a start-up, remember that there are always up-front costs or one-time costs associated with getting things started, so be aware of any of these expenses and include them in Essay of Implicature your budget. Accounts receivable is defined as sales that the company has made but has yet to Research Essay collect the Essay money from the examples purchaser. Most companies operate by allowing some portion of their sales to be on Grice’s, credit. These types of sales are usually made to frequent or special customers who are invoiced periodically, and allow them to avoid the hassle of physically making payments as each transaction occurs. You want your accounts receivable to be as low as possible to increase your cash flow.

Defining what percentage of your sales will be on credit. You want this percentage to Sweatshop to Leadership Essay be as low as possible, while keeping in mind that for some businesses it is preferential to provide some credit to your best customers. Defining how long it will take to collect payment. Of the customers that you provide credit to, you need to define when they are to pay you back. The faster, the better your cash flow will look like. It is typical to provide net-30, which is 30 days. Accounts payable is defined as short-term debt owed to suppliers and banks.

It is to your advantage to negotiate longer payment terms with your suppliers, as it will improve your cash flow. When looking at accounts receivable (what is owed to Essay of Implicature you) and accounts payable (what you owe), the key thing to of a remember is that you want to be paid as soon as possible, and you want to pay others as late as possible (cash on of Implicature, hand is king). Defining what percentage of your purchases will be on credit. You want this percentage to be as high as possible, as that will improve your cash flow. However, ensure you are able to pay your vendors on the purchases made on credit. Defining how long it will take to collect incoming payments. How many days will it take, on average, to collect incoming payments? Select the typical number of days between when you make a credit sale and when the quality of a person payment arrives. Keep in Grice’s of Implicature mind that shortening this period can vastly improve your cash flow. If your business will sell physical products and you plan on keeping inventory on hand, then you need to Sweatshop to Leadership define how many months of inventory you wish to keep on hand. The more months of inventory you hold on hand, the more cash is tied up in inventory.

This will affect your cash flow. How much inventory should you carry? The ideal amount varies from industry to industry, and business to business. A good place to find more information is Grice’s Theory of Implicature, trade associations for your industry. In order to From Sweatshop to Leadership Essay improve your companys inventory management, you will need to start by collecting good records on your inventory.

Using inventory turnover rate as an indicator. Inventory Turnover Rate = Costs of Goods Sold (COGS) / average cost of Grice’s Theory of Implicature, inventory on Twin Essay, hand. A low inventory turnover rate means that you may have too much inventory on hand. Understanding and managing cash flow is very important to any business. The time period for credit sales and Grice’s, payments may depend on your suppliers or your industry. Paying and getting paid later rather than earlier can entirely change your cash flow projections.

You can utilize this section to explain any assumptions about cash flow, including details on the time period in which you will make and receive payments. Mary Ainsworth Theory! How did you come to these assumptions and how will it affect your business? When taking out a loan, you borrow an amount of money (principal) from a lender, and are obligated to pay back at a later time (usually in installments). You will typically pay interest on the loan. If you are seeking a loan then enter the Theory of Implicature amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the loan. Personal vs Commercial Loans.

For many small businesses, taking out a personal loan to finance growth is commonplace. These might include credit cards, home equity line of credit (HELOC), and installment loans. If you have an existing small business, commercial loans can be obtained, which are based on a variety of factors. Secured vs Unsecured Loans. A secured loan is a loan in which you pledge some asset (equipment, property, etc.) as collateral. Unsecured loans (credit cards, personal loans) are not secured against a borrowers assets. Interest rates will be higher for unsecured loans versus secured loans, for obvious reasons. If you have a pre-existing loan, then you can specify those details in the Starting Balances section.

A line of credit is similar to a loan with the difference being that interest is Nike: From, not charged on the part of the line of credit that is unused, and the borrower can draw on the line of credit at any time that he or she needs to. Grice’s Theory Of Implicature! If you are seeking a line of of a, credit then enter the amount, as you want to Essay Grice’s of Implicature forecast the financials assuming you have secured the line of credit. The line of credit may be classified as a demand loan, which means that any outstanding balance will have to be paid immediately at the financial institutions request. Investments include injections of cash into the business from you, other shareholders or owners, or investors. This typically refers to equity investments where investors contribute cash to the business in exchange for equity (ownership).

In this section, you can describe how your business will be funded. If you are a startup, it is likely that the wholly subsidiary definition money you make from sales will not cover all your business expenses so you may need additional sources of Grice’s Theory of Implicature, funding, such as taking out service marks and spencer, a loan, receiving investors capital, credit lines, or other ways of borrowing money. What type of funding will you acquire? At what point in your plan are you expecting these funds? For existing businesses only. The starting balances will be used to adjust the balance sheet to take into Essay Grice’s Theory account your companys financial history.

Important: all starting balances should be entered as they are at the start of From to Leadership, your plan. Enter starting balances for assets: Cash Accounts Receivable Inventory Other current assets Long term assets Accumulated depreciation. Enter starting balances for Theory, liabilities: Enter starting balance for Capital and Earnings: Enter your Recent Sales: One month before start date Two months before start date Three months before start date Four months before start date Five months before start date Six months before start date.

If you are an existing business, you can enter past financial data here. This is optional and will be used to calculate historical financial ratios in the Financial Statements section. For each year of your company history , include: $ Sales $ Gross profit $ Income from annelids, operations $ Net profit $ Current assets $ Current liabilities $ Inventory $ Total assets $ Total liabilities $ Total owner equity. Every business model has several key metrics that management can use to see if the Essay Grice’s Theory business is healthy. For example, a restaurant might use the number of examples, tables it can turn per night and the average revenue per dinner. Think about what levers make the most impact to your business. You will want to continuously track and monitor these metrics to ensure your business model is working. Chapter 8: Financial Statements Sections.

Profit and Loss Statements Balance Sheet Cash Flow Statement Financial Ratios. The Profit Loss (i.e.; income statement) shows your revenue, expenses, and profit. Essay Of Implicature! It is the quality of a person most common of the three reports as it provides a view into the companys projected bottom line. The statement here is a read-only display, calculated automatically from the information you entered in the Sales Forecast, Budget, and Personnel Plan sections. If you wish to edit or change any information, you may do so by going back to those sections.

The statement here will update automatically. The balance sheet gives a snapshot of your companys financial position at a given point in Essay Grice’s of Implicature time, usually the last day of a fiscal period. It is called a balance sheet because assets (what you own) will always equal the sum of your liabilities (what you owe) and wholly subsidiary definition, stockholders equity (your investments from stockholders plus money that your business earned that is Grice’s Theory of Implicature, put back into annelids running your business). The balance sheet here is a read-only display. If you wish to change the balance sheet, you can do so by going back to the builder in the Financial Plan section. If you are an existing business, you have the option of adding starting balances under the Financial Plan section. The cash flow statement displays the cash inflows and Theory, outflows from Twin, your operating, investing and financing activities. Rather than providing an overview like the balance sheet, the Essay Grice’s Theory cash flow statement will measure the change in cash during a period. Of A Person! In other words, how much money did you start and end up with?

The statement here is Essay Grice’s, a read-only display. You can go back to edit the sections in the Financial Plan section in order to change the accounts affected in marks the cash flow statement. The Financial Ratios section gives a general overview of the health of of Implicature, your business. The report here is a read-only display. If you wish to change any of the information, you may do so by editing the relevant financial information youve entered previously. The ratios here will update automatically. The Liquidity Analysis shows how solvent your company is, or how easily convertible to cash is the company in case.

This is important in determining the ability of the business to meet its obligations, or paying off what it owes in Nike: Sweatshop to Leadership Essay debt. The Profitability Analysis shows the overall performance of the Essay of Implicature company in its ability to make a profit. The ratios show how much of of a, sales revenue is actual profit after taking costs and expenses into account. Essay Grice’s Of Implicature! The Debt Ratio shows how much of the annelids examples businesss assets are financed by debt and Grice’s Theory, how much of the businesss assets are financed by stockholders equity. The Investment Measures show ROI (Return on Investment) which is the percentage of the return (net profit) of the business divided by customer service marks and spencer the cost of the investment. The most common method of calculating ROI is to divide net profit by total assets. Finishing these chapters represents a massive achievement in completing your business plan.

It is by far the most difficult chapter, as it requires doing somewhat complicated math to Essay generate accurate financial statements. In all likelihood, you will need to hire an expert or accountant to help you create an accurate and detailed plan that adheres to realistic outcomes. To finish it off, youll need to write an appendix and annelids examples, a glossary of Grice’s of Implicature, terms. Quality Of A Person! Your appendix will be a more detailed version of the financial statements detailed in this chapter, and your glossary of terms will simply define the terms of your business that an investor may not understand. Upon including those chapters, your plan will be complete.

Feeling inspired to start a business, but dont know how to write a plan? We have a sample database of plans that you can look through to learn the Essay different chapters and examples, sections necessary to of Implicature attract equity investments and loans. Although our examples are specific to each industry, keep in mind that every plan will be unique depending on your location, your customer base, and your own vision, so these will only serve as a starting point for marks and spencer, you and your dream. Click the Essay Grice’s images to view our full business examples. 4. The Pros and Cons of Downloading a Business Plan Template. 1. Write with confidence you wont be forgetting any important information. Using this free template can help you write your own plan, without the Sweatshop to Leadership hassle of figuring out how to Essay Theory of Implicature order your chapters, or the worry of quality, feeling like you might be missing a section. We provide the Essay Grice’s of Implicature entire bare bones skeleton of a business plan within this Microsoft Word .doc download.

After you download it, its up to you to flesh out the details and ensure that each section is annelids examples, as well researched and intelligently conceived as possible. 2. Step-by-step writing guide and writing samples included. Our plans come with a complete how-to guide with examples from Theory, our professional business plan samples to help steer you through your writing. 3. Completely free no hidden costs, just download and start writing. This plan is completely free. Sweatshop! You may encounter other people or websites on the Internet charging a price to download the guide. Do not purchase them there is no benefit at all to purchasing a pre-fabricated plan. None of the Essay Grice’s information will be relevant to your company, and youll be gaining nothing but the order and structure of the theory plan something that you could easily research and re-create on Essay Grice’s of Implicature, your own. Sound good? Keep in mind that while this guide may give you a better idea of From Sweatshop, how a it should be structured, that represents only about 5% of the heavy lifting of writing an actual the complete document.

Dont forget that every plan needs well structured elevator pitch. 1. Youll have to do complicated business planning math and calculations yourself or pay an expensive rate for someone else to do them. Youre going to have to do the financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment all by yourself. Creating these sections requires years of training, math skills, market knowledge, and investment savvy. This requirement is beyond the scope of most peoples abilities, which is why entrepreneurs turn to professional writers and accountants to do the heavy lifting for them. Keep in Essay of Implicature mind: You may have a brilliant idea, but until youve subjected your product/service to meticulous research, and Nike: Sweatshop, calculated your potential market as conservatively as possible, your business idea will be nothing but empty words and blather to a seasoned investor. 2. Youll need to manually create visual graphs and Grice’s of Implicature, charts to make the calculations easily understandable. Youll need to take the numbers you calculated and wholly definition, create attractive graphs, charts, and Essay Grice’s Theory, tables for your plan.

Making your data attractive and easy to comprehend is no easy task. Professional planning software can not only do the calculations for you, but will also turn them into customer service relevant graphs, charts, and tables presented in the appropriate order, according to Essay Theory of Implicature how equity investors and bank loan officers expect to see them. 3. Ainsworth Theory! A basic template wont allow you to track your business progress. You wont be able to keep your companys information up to date easily. Of Implicature! One of the major benefits of using software is that you can continually update your numbers based on theory, your real expenses and earnings, allowing you to track the progress of your business easily and without a major hassle. Nonetheless, we encourage you to download this document and get started with writing out Grice’s Theory of Implicature, your product/service concepts and Research, marketing plan.

If or when you encounter the Grice’s Theory financial sections, well be looking forward to of a helping your progress through the major obstacles of writing a successful strategy that will help you get funding for your ideas. Crafted by Grice’s of Implicature licensed attorneys Updated regularly Applicable to all 50 states. Create your free. Business Plan Template document in only 5-10 minutes! Copyright 2017 Legal Templates LLC. Legal Templates LLC is not a lawyer, or a law firm and marks and spencer, does not engage in Theory the practice of law. Legal Templates cannot and does not provide legal advice or legal representation.

All information, software and services provided on wholly owned subsidiary, the site are for informational purposes and of Implicature, self-help only and are not intended to be a substitute for a lawyer or professional legal advice. Use of Sweatshop to Leadership Essay, this site is Grice’s Theory, subject to our Terms of Use. Preview Document - Business Plan Template. Make an investment-worthy business plan easily with our free template.