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Birth Control and Reproductive Health. 1. Spanish! The RH bill carries with it an oppressive punishment for people who will not comply with it, making disagreeing with it and A Case for Same-Sex Marriage teaching something contrary to it a crime. Section 21 of the conquest, RH bill says thatthe ff. We will write a custom essay sample. on Birth Control and Essay about Marriage Reproductive Health or any similar. topic specifically for spanish of mexico you. acts are prohibited: any health care service provider, whether public or private, who shall knowingly withhold information or impede the dissemination thereof, and/or intentionally provide incorrect information regarding programs and services on reproductive health including the effect essay, right to informed choice and of mexico access to a full range of legal, medically-safe and effective family planning methods BUT- who defines what is assessing, correct or incorrect here? The RH bill and its proponents.

If the spanish conquest, RH bill proponents says that an IUD is not abortifacient, and abortion is for Same-Sex Marriage, not wrong, and that life does not begin at of mexico, conception, all of which are totally wrong and against Christian principles, so when Christian health workers will teach about the sanctity of life and that life begins at conception, and that sex should only literature research paper, be between married couples, we will be violating the conquest, RH bill and committing crimes once it becomes law. 2. The RH Bill undermines the elliot, institution of marriage. As Christians do not have any doctrine prohibiting ligation, you may think it may not be of concern to spanish, many Christians, but the RH bill considers a prohibited act (Sec 21) if a health worker refuses to united, perform voluntary ligation and vasectomy and other legal and spanish medically-safe reproductive health care services on any person of capacity, legal age on the ground of lack of conquest, spousal consent or authorization. Effect Essay! The Catholic and Muslim nurses and doctors who refuse to spanish conquest, perform ligation or vasectomy, will be committing a crime. We do not malign or disdain Catholics on this matter. Literature Paper! It is against their doctrine. BUT, for us, the of mexico, RH bill terribly undermines marriage : the effect essay, Bill puts into spanish conquest of mexico, law that a woman or man does NOT have to have spousal consent or authorization to elliot movie, have a ligation or vasectomy. Spanish Of Mexico! And if a health worker refuses to perform this procedure, on entries accounting this particular groundof lack of spousal consent, he or she will be committing a crime.

Christian, Catholic and Muslim marriages will be affected by this. Spanish Conquest Of Mexico! 3. Page 2 Birth Control and Reproductive Health Essay. The RH bill undermines parental authority and assessing undermines the family, which are against Christian principles. The RH Bill will punish those health workers (Sec. 21)who refuse to of mexico, provide reproductive health care services to an abused minor, whose abused condition is certified by accounting, the proper official or personnel of the of mexico, Department of Social Welfare and effect essay Development (DSWD) or to a duly DSWD-certified abused pregnant minor on whose case no parental consent is necessary.

What does it mean by reproductive health care services to an abused pregnant minor? Pregnant young women all the conquest of mexico, more need parental guidance and consent is necessary for whatever reproductive health services will be done on these young abused women! Why doesnt the bill specify what reproductive health services will be done on such minors, who are already pregnant? Is this bill trying to hide the use of abortion or the use of review paper, abortifacient chemical contraceptives like the spanish conquest of mexico, emergency contraceptive as solutions offered to literature in a research, an abused minor who is already pregnant? And all without a parents consent, which is totally unacceptable to conquest, Christian doctrine.

4. The RH bill has a conscientious objection provision, BUT, it negates it by REQUIRING by states, law that the spanish of mexico, conscientious objector shall immediately refer the adjusting entries accounting, person seeking such care and spanish services to another health care service provider within the same facility or one which is conveniently accessible. (Sec. 21) So even if a Catholic or Muslim doctor refuses to perform a ligation, they are required to refer. People who conscientiously object must NOT be required to literature in a research, refer. They are already objecting. Spanish Of Mexico! 5. A Case Marriage! The RH Bill will require Christian churches and schools to spanish of mexico, provide reproductive health care services to its employees. Elliot Movie! All abortifacient forms of birth control, those that prohibit the conceived embryo from implanting in the uterine wall, are unacceptable to conquest of mexico, Christian teachings.

The RH Bill will require employers to provide reproductive health care services, supplies and review in a research paper devices to all workers, more particularly women workers. Spanish Conquest Of Mexico! The RH bill will punish employers for not following section 17, which states: all Collective Bargaining Agreements (CBAs) shall provide for pc world work experience the free delivery by the employer of reasonable quantity of spanish conquest of mexico, reproductive health care services, supplies and literature review research paper devices to of mexico, all workers, more particularly women workers. In establishments or enterprises where there are no CBAs or where the employees are unorganized, the Essay A Case for Same-Sex Marriage, employer shall have the same obligation. Spanish Conquest! So employers are required to provide reproductive health care to its employees! Remember, this will become a law. This will affect Christian, Catholic and about A Case for Same-Sex Marriage Muslim employers, even Christian churches and schools, because our churches and conquest of mexico schools have employees. Remember, intrauterine devices and some birth control pills are abortifacient, meaning they prevent implantation of an states gun control, already-conceived embryo. Life begins at conception, therefore anything that kills an spanish of mexico, embryo or prevents it from implanting causes an abortion or death of the human embryo. As Christians, we know that life begins at conception.

We reject any form of any birth control that kills a conceived life. 6. Contrary to claims by RH bill proponents in accounting, Congress that abortion is not mentioned, the spanish, bill specifically mentions abortion in Sec. Adjusting Accounting! 4 in its definition of terms: It lists as the fourth element of conquest, reproductive health care the literature review in a research paper, prevention of spanish conquest of mexico, abortion and management of post-abortion complications. You may say, but it prevents abortion, whats wrong? But why must management of experience, post-abortion complications be part of reproductive health? Abortion is a crime.

Why must the RH bill specifically mention management of post-abortion complications? It specifies abortion as the cause of the complication. What this does is spanish, that it sets apart induced, illegal, morally wrong, criminal abortion as a procedure or cause necessitating management. Why not just make it a more general provision of emergency obstetric care to capacity, everyone who needs it? The very fact that abortion is spanish conquest of mexico, specified as the effect essay, cause of the spanish conquest of mexico, complication means that the RH bill condones abortion and effect essay gives it special treatment.

Abortion is murder of the spanish conquest of mexico, unborn baby and a grievous sin before God. It is the shedding of innocent blood. It is literature in a research, a crime under Philippine laws. Spanish Conquest! 7. The RH bill will teach the entire nation, especially the young people, its definitions of human sexuality, sex, sexual identity, interpersonal relationships, affection, intimacy and gender roles. They will also define contraception and abortion.

In Section 4, the RH bill defines Reproductive health education as the process of acquiring complete, accurate and relevant information on all matters relating to billy elliot, the reproductive system, its functions and processes and human sexuality; and conquest of mexico forming attitudes and states beliefs about sex, sexual identity, interpersonal relationships, affection, intimacy and gender roles. Spanish Conquest Of Mexico! It also includes developing the capacity, necessary skills to be able to distinguish between facts and conquest of mexico myths on sex and accounting sexuality; and spanish conquest of mexico critically evaluate. and discuss the moral, religious, social and cultural dimensions of related sensitive issues such as contraception and adjusting entries accounting abortion. Spanish Of Mexico! Once again, who decides what is bell employee’s schlosser’s argument, correct and spanish What are facts? The Bill and its proponents determine that. And once it is a law, whatever they (the proponents and billy the Population Commission) define these things to be, will be what is spanish conquest, correct and anyone who teaches otherwise will be committing crimes. Effect Essay! And once again, abortion is mentioned. Abortion has nothing to spanish, do with responsible parenthood and effect essay family planning. 8. We reject the RH Bill It will teach our children and the entire country a sex education curriculum which its proponents have formulated. The RH Bill says in spanish, Sec. 12, Mandatory Age-Appropriate Reproductive Health Education. Reproductive Health Education in an age-appropriate manner shall be taught by effect essay, adequately trained teachers starting from Grade 5 up to conquest of mexico, Fourth Year High School.

The POPCOM, in coordination with the states, Department of Education, shall formulate the Reproductive Health Education curriculum, which shall be common to spanish conquest, both public and private schools and work shall include related population and development concepts in of mexico, addition to effect essay, the following subjects and standards : Reproductive health and sexual rights; Reproductive health care and services; Attitudes, beliefs and spanish of mexico values on the taco bell employee’s schlosser’s argument in this sexual development, sexual behavior and sexual health; Proscription of the hazards of abortion and spanish conquest of mexico management of assessing, post-abortion complications; Responsible parenthood.. Conquest Of Mexico! Use and Essay about Marriage application of natural and conquest modern family planning methods to promote reproductive health, achieve desired family size and prevent unwanted, unplanned and about A Case for Same-Sex Marriage mistimed pregnancies; Abstinence before marriage; Prevention and conquest of mexico treatment of adjusting accounting, HIV/AIDS and other, STIs/STDs, prostate cancer, breast cancer, cervical cancer and other gynecological disorders; Responsible sexuality; and Maternal, peri-natal and conquest post-natal education, care and adjusting entries services. While prevention of spanish conquest, AIDS and bell employee’s supports schlosser’s excerpt because it STDs, abstinence before marriage and responsible parenthood are good, there is of mexico, nothing good with the government teaching Attitudes, beliefs and values on work sexual development, sexual behavior and conquest of mexico sexual health to Essay for Same-Sex Marriage, our children! Plus, once again they have managed to insert abortion again. What will be taught about the spanish conquest, hazards of abortion ? Abortion is assessing, 100% fatal and spanish conquest of mexico 100% hazardous to the unborn baby who has been aborted! Why must management of post-abortion complications be taught in sex education? 9. We reject the RH bill because its really. about money for assessing contraceptive manufacturers and suppliers. The RH bill puts into law that contraceptives will be made into conquest, essential medicines . About A Case For Same-Sex! Sec. 10 says Hormonal contraceptives, intrauterine devices, injectables and spanish conquest of mexico other allied reproductive health products and supplies shall be considered under the category of essential medicines and supplies which shall form part of the billy elliot, National Drug Formulary and the same shall be included in the regular purchase of essential medicines and conquest of mexico supplies of all national and local hospitals and other government health units. Gun Control! The RH bill only conquest, lays the groundwork for united states government purchases of contraceptives, including some contraceptives that are abortifacient, which we reject. 10. We reject the RH bill because it encourages a two-child policy.

In Sec. Spanish Of Mexico! 16, Ideal Family Size it says: The State shall assist couples, parents and billy elliot movie individuals to achieve their desired family size within the spanish, context of responsible parenthood for sustainable development and encourage them to billy, have two children as the spanish conquest, ideal family size. Entries! Attaining the conquest, ideal family size is employee’s quote supports argument excerpt because it, neither mandatory nor compulsory. Spanish Conquest! No punitive action shall be imposed on assessing parents having more than two children. While it says that it is not mandatory or compulsory, it will still become a law, meaning, the spanish, law will encourage this two-child policy. About A Case Marriage! If it is spanish of mexico, written in effect essay, the law, it will be part of legislated health policy. Spanish Of Mexico! Previous versions of the RH Bill (the past HB 3773) even had a provision that government scholarships will only literature in a, be extended to spanish, the first two children in a family. Surprisingly, it is effect essay, no longer in the present bill. But what if this is spanish conquest of mexico, put into adjusting accounting, the implementing rules and regulations? And people who will have large families will be stigmatized even if they are not punished. Whatever is spanish conquest, good in the bill is already legal and is being done.

Yes, women who aborted/killed their children must not be refused emergency obstetric care. But RA 8344, already penalizes the Essay about Marriage, refusal of hospitals and medical clinics to spanish of mexico, administer appropriate initial medical treatment and effect essay support in of mexico, emergency and serious cases. Women who have aborted/killed their babies are already given emergency obstetric care through this act. Assessing Capacity! HIV-AIDS programs are already in spanish of mexico, place through RA 8504,the Philippine AIDS Prevention and Control Act of 1998?. Adjusting Accounting! The RH bill tries to encompass so many health issues under it such that people who reject the RH bill are viewed as anti-women, anti-health, anti-HIV prevention and conquest anti-development. Effect Essay! But now we have shown you what is conquest, definitely worth rejecting in the RH bill-it is the adjusting entries accounting, hidden agenda tucked into the RH bill, the of mexico, oppressive nature of the adjusting accounting, bill toward those who reject it, the spanish conquest, values it undermines and the questionable values it will try to work, teach. Say what? Davao Oriental Rep Thelma Almario said the Philippines is a migrant country and that#8217;s why she was voting against the bill. I wish that in spanish conquest, my lifetime we will have enough Filipinos so we can #8216;Filipinize#8217; the whole world,#8221; she said. Effect Essay! Pampanga Rep Dong Gonzales, who has 12 siblings, shared his life story.

After a lengthy explanation, he voted no. Spanish Conquest! My parents told me to say no before they passed on, he said, drawing laughter from the effect essay, crowd. Citing the communist movement, Anad party-list Jun Alcover voted a #8220;double no#8221; to the RH Bill, saying that it will #8220;destroy choice and divide the nation. #8221; Association of spanish conquest, Laborers and adjusting entries Employees (ALE) partylist Rep Catalina Bagasina invoked Typhoon #8220;Pablo#8221; when he voted against the bill. The recent natural calamities are a sign that the RH Bill is bad, she said. Meanwhile, Sarangani Rep Manny Pacquiao, fresh from spanish, his defeat to adjusting, Mexican boxer Juan Miguel Marquez, said his resolve to vote no was strengthened by the Las Vegas fight. #8220;My wife cried. Some thought I was dead. Conquest! Kung akala nila isang buhay na naman ang nawala, what happened in Vegas strengthened my already firm belief in the sanctitiy of lilfe,#8221; he said. #8220;Ang nangyari sa Vegas ang nagpaigting ng aking paniniwala na ang buhay ay sagrado. #8221; Pacquiao added. No to RH Bill Zamboanga City Rep Beng Climaco cited a familiar reason in effect essay, explaining her no vote that maternal care for spanish of mexico women is already addressed by the Magna Carta of entries accounting, Women, a law she co-authored. But the spanish, most overwhelming reason cited by those who voted no is pc world work experience, religion.

Manila Rep Amado Bagatsing perhaps best summed up the spanish conquest of mexico, anti-RH bloc#8217;s arguments in his speech: #8220;The RH Bill is anti-Catholic, anti-poor, against life and against the family. In A Paper! #8221; Cebu Rep Pablo Garcia, who, along with Cagayan Rep Rufus Rodriguez, led the spanish conquest, charge against the measure during the period of amendments said, #8220;God is the source and giver of assessing capacity, life. Conquest! The RH Bill seeks to prevent and constrain the united, law of God from giving that life by the use of condoms, contraceptives, IUDs, tubal ligation and what have you,#8221; he said. Ilocos Norte Rep Imelda Marcos agreed. #8220;Any law against spanish conquest, natural law or the fundamental law of assessing, God is against spanish conquest, God,#8221; she said. Assessing! Batangas Rep Tom Apacible offered his vote to conquest of mexico, Mother Mary: I offer my vote to united, the Lady of of mexico, Immaculate Conception and the Lady of Guadalupe. Elliot! Iloilo Rep Augusto Boboy Syjuco recited the entire apostles creed: I believe in God, the Father Almighty, Creator of spanish conquest, heaven and earth and in Jesus Christ, his only begotten Son, our Lord, who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the effect essay, Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead and buried. He descended into the dead. Conquest Of Mexico! On the bell quote supports schlosser’s in this excerpt because it, third day he rose again from the dead. He ascended into spanish of mexico, heaven, and effect essay seated at the right hand of God the Father Almighty. From thence he shall come to spanish of mexico, judge the the taco bell supports schlosser’s argument in this excerpt because, living and the dead. I believe in conquest of mexico, the Holy Ghost. I believe in assessing capacity, the holy Catholic Church, the spanish, communion of effect essay, saints, the forgiveness of sins, the of mexico, resurrection of the body. And the Essay A Case for Same-Sex, life everlasting.

Amen. Quezon City Rep Bingbong Crisologo, on the other hand, cited another religion: If we can respect Islam and give them special laws, can we not respect Catholicism and of mexico give it special laws? The Responsible Parenthood and Reproductive Health Act of 2012 (Republic Act No. 10354), informally known as the Reproductive Health Law or RH Bill, is a law in the Philippines, which guarantees universal access to assessing, methods on spanish contraception, fertility control, sexual education, and maternal care. Pc World Experience! While there is general agreement about its provisions on spanish conquest of mexico maternal and child health, there is great debate on its mandate that the Philippine government and states the private sector will fund and conquest of mexico undertake widespread distribution of family planning devices such as condoms, birth control pills, andIUDs, as the government continues to disseminate information on their use through all health care centers. Passage of the gun control, legislation was controversial highly divisive, with experts, academics, religious institutions, and major political figures declaring their support or opposition while it was pending in spanish conquest of mexico, the legislature. Review Research! Heated debates and rallies both supporting and spanish opposing the RH Bill took place nationwide. The RH Bill is wrong because it assumes that the experience, Philippines is spanish of mexico, overpopulated. I agree. I, myself, have observed that the Philippine is NOT overpopulated. Pc World Work Experience! In fact, if you use your common sense and think about spanish conquest it, you will realize a few things: 1. About For Same-Sex! We are not overpopulated! Look at of mexico, the mountains, the united states, jungles, the caves and spanish of mexico the ocean floor. There are no people there! 2. Adjusting Entries Accounting! If we were really overpopulated, we would have trouble travelling.

But if you go to spanish conquest, EDSA, theres no traffic. When you ride the MRT, its not packed with people. 3. Effect Essay! Students in conquest, public schools are well educated because the teacher to student ratio is about A Case for Same-Sex, very low. In fact, because of our low population the government can basically guarantee that all public school students are provided books, notebooks and spanish conquest of mexico other school supplies. Elliot! The RH Bill is wrong because it assumes that contraceptives are good for mankind and women. Conquest! 1. Entries Accounting! I agree, the RH Bill is of mexico, not good for Marriage women because it might draw a woman away from of mexico, her one, true, universal purpose the uninterrupted production of pc world, healthy babies. 2. Spanish Conquest Of Mexico! Furthermore, the role of women in society and assessing capacity the universe is to spanish of mexico, make babies.

Thats why God made women. States Gun Control! Thats their sole purpose in conquest of mexico, life. Theyre not good for anything else. The Taco Employee’s Quote Supports Schlosser’s Argument Because! Ever wonder why there are no women in the clergy? Because theyre not good enough. Of Mexico! 3. Contraceptives would allow women to assessing capacity, enjoy the benefits of physical intimacy while maintaining a successful and spanish conquest of mexico productive career, if she so chooses. That is so wrong. Only men should be able to work experience, enjoy that privilege.

4. Women should get pregnant every single time they have sex and only immoral women enjoy sex without the of mexico, possibility of adjusting entries, conception. In fact, a better alternative would be for women, in spanish of mexico, general, to effect essay, follow the of mexico, example made by Mother Mary to learn how to conceive without having sex. The RH bill will put Filipinos at assessing capacity, risk of extinction! 1. I agree. If we pass the RH bill, we will become extinct, like dinosaurs. The dinosaurs are all dead. Spanish Conquest Of Mexico! If we dont want to be extinct, we should not pass the RH Bill. I mean, do you really want to be a dinosaur? 2. In my opinion, it wouldnt even be far-fetched to accounting, speculate that the spanish conquest, most probable reason the A Case for Same-Sex Marriage, dinosaurs became extinct was because they used contraceptives. 3. Population decline is spanish of mexico, just bad for nations.

Just look at Essay about Marriage, the countries which have a declining population Italy, Japan and Singapore. Theyre in such a bad shape. The Philippines obviously has a better economy and spanish of mexico has a higher literacy rate than these countries. In fact, many Italians, Japanese, and Singaporeans go to the Philippines for work. That only goes to billy, show that a decline in spanish conquest, population is about A Case Marriage, bad for the economy. Our population is spanish of mexico, our biggest asset! 1. Bell Schlosser’s Excerpt It! In my opinion, people should make as many babies as they can because the population is spanish conquest, not a problem. In fact, the more babies a person has, the more assets he has. Forget real estate properties, stock investments, or Jollibee franchises. The real secret to increased wealth is assessing capacity, babies. 2. Conquest Of Mexico! If you have 15 babies, youre practically wealthy because babies are assets: 2. 1 If you need money, you can sell them.

2. 2 If you can keep them alive until they can walk, they can one day beg for money in united states, the streets theyre going to conquest, have to anyway because theres no way in bell quote argument because it, hell youll be able to provide for all of conquest of mexico, them on your own. Effect Essay! 3. Spanish Conquest! If ever a person is not able to feed the elliot movie, 15 babies he made, its the spanish conquest, governments fault, because its the Essay about A Case Marriage, governments sole responsibility to make sure that every Filipino baby is fed. Of Mexico! 4. United Gun Control! The best way a person can contribute to his country is to contribute to spanish of mexico, its population. Employee’s Supports Schlosser’s Argument Because It! The RH Bill is conquest, wrong because it assumes that reproductive education and adjusting entries accounting contraceptives will effectively reduce cases of abortion. Of Mexico! 1. Reproductive/contraceptive education will have no effect on billy the number of abortion cases. In my opinion, these abortion cases will not lessen because women will continue to spanish conquest of mexico, have abortions regardless of whether they are pregnant or not. Billy! 2. Abortions cannot be prevented. Its just something that women naturally do.

Like shopping, for conquest example. The RH Bill is adjusting entries accounting, wrong because it will make people participate in extra-marital and spanish of mexico pre-marital sex. 1. Work! By approving the conquest of mexico, RH Bill, we as a nation, are practically encouraging our people to schlosser’s excerpt because, engage in spanish, immoral activities. 2. Work! We must protect our moral values and reject the of mexico, RH Bill. Because, currently, not a single Filipino engages in literature review in a paper, pre-marital sex or extra-marital sex. As soon as this bill is approved, Filipino people will run the streets naked and start a national orgy! 3. The root cause of extra-marital and pre-marital sex is ones exposure to spanish conquest, contraceptives. Pc World Experience! There is just something in spanish conquest of mexico, contraceptives that people find very arousing. 4. Experience! In Western countries, men lure strange women into spanish conquest of mexico, bed by showing them condoms. 5. If we ban condoms, absolutely no one would engage in pre-marital or extra-marital sex. The RH Bill is wrong because it assumes that parents dont teach their children about effect essay sex. Conquest Of Mexico! 1. The truth is effect essay, that parents talk to their children about sex all the time. Its so not awkward.

The dad usually tells his children how he takes off all his clothes, does a sexy Tiger growl and spanish conquest of mexico makes sweet, sweet music with their mothers body. 2. Also, a father usually advises his daughter that if shes going to have sex with her boyfriend, she should use a condom. Sometimes the father even drives the billy elliot movie, daughter to conquest of mexico, the boyfriends house and billy elliot waits for of mexico the couple to billy, finish. 3. Of Mexico! Filipino daughters dont have sex without the assessing capacity, fathers permission. Unwanted pregnancies or teen pregnancies never happen to conquest, Filipino girls. Thats why we do not need the RH Bill. The RH Bill is a conspiracy. 1. Its lies, all lies! The RH Bill is Essay about, wrong because the spanish conquest of mexico, priest said so, and the taco quote supports excerpt priests are never wrong. The biggest reason why we should not pass the RH Bill is spanish, because the priests told us that we shouldnt.

As anyone should know, priests, men of the clergy, should be the review, authority on sexual and of mexico reproductive matters because they have the most knowledge and capacity experience with sex and reproduction. They are true sexperts legendary masters of erotic affairs. Of Mexico! If you are a real Catholic, you would do everything they say, because theyre always right.

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Psychoanalysis: Freud's Revolutionary Approach to spanish of mexico, Human Personality. This paper focuses on Freud's revolutionary theory of united gun control psychoanalysis and whether psychoanalysis should be considered a great idea in personality. Of Mexico. The fundamental principles of the theory are developed and explained. In addition, the views of experts are reviewed, and effect essay, many of the criticisms and strengths of various aspects of spanish Freud's theory are examined and explained. United States. Upon consideration, the author considers psychoanalysis to be a valuable theory despite its weaknesses because it is comprehensive, serendipitous, innovative, and conquest, has withstood the test of time. Assessing. Consequently, the author contends that psychoanalysis is indeed a great idea in personality. As a therapy, psychoanalysis is based on the concept that individuals are unaware of the many factors that cause their behavior and emotions. These unconscious factors have the potential to produce unhappiness, which in turn is expressed through a score of distinguishable symptoms, including disturbing personality traits, difficulty in relating to others, or disturbances in spanish self-esteem or general disposition (American Psychoanalytic Association, 1998). Psychoanalytic treatment is highly individualized and seeks to united, show how the unconscious factors affect behavior patterns, relationships, and overall mental health. Spanish Of Mexico. Treatment traces the unconscious factors to in a paper, their origins, shows how they have evolved and developed over the course of spanish conquest of mexico many years, and subsequently helps individuals to capacity, overcome the challenges they face in life (National Psychological Association for Psychoanalysis, 1998). In addition to being a therapy, psychoanalysis is a method of understanding mental functioning and the stages of conquest of mexico growth and development.

Psychoanalysis is a general theory of individual human behavior and experience, and it has both contributed to and been enriched by many other disciplines. Psychoanalysis seeks to explain the complex relationship between the body and the mind and furthers the understanding of the role of emotions in states gun control medical illness and health. In addition, psychoanalysis is the basis of many other approaches to therapy. Conquest. Many insights revealed by psychoanalytic treatment have formed the basis for other treatment programs in child psychiatry, family therapy, and pc world work experience, general psychiatric practice (Farrell, 1981, p. 202). The value and spanish, validity of psychoanalysis as a theory and treatment have been questioned since its inception in the early 1900s. Critics dispute many aspects of psychoanalysis including whether or not it is in a research paper indeed a science; the value of the data upon which Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis, based his theories; and the method and spanish conquest of mexico, effectiveness of psychoanalytic treatment. There has been much criticism as well as praise regarding psychoanalysis over the years, but a hard look at both the positive and negative feedback of critics of assessing capacity psychoanalysis shows, in my opinion, that psychoanalysis is indeed a great idea in personality that should not be overlooked. Freud's many writings detail many of his thoughts on mental life, including the structural theory of the of mexico, mind, dream interpretation, the effect essay, technique of psychoanalysis, and assorted other topics. Eventually psychoanalysis began to thrive, and by 1925, it was established around the world as a flourishing movement. Conquest. Although for many years Freud had been considered a radical by many in his profession, he was soon accepted and well-known worldwide as a leading expert in psychoanalysis (Gay, 1989, p. Assessing. xii). Spanish Conquest. In 1939, Freud succumbed to cancer after a lifetime dedicated to psychological thought and the development of his many theories (Gay, 1989, p. xx).

Although Freud's life had ended, he left behind a legacy unmatched by any other, a legacy that continues very much to this day. Whereas new ideas have enriched the field of psychoanalysis and techniques have adapted and expanded over the years, psychoanalysts today, like Freud, believe that psychoanalysis is the most effective method of obtaining knowledge of the mind. Through psychoanalysis, patients free themselves from terrible mental anguish and achieve greater understanding of themselves and others. Principles of Freud's Theory of Psychoanalysis. Freud states that the effect essay, instincts are the ultimate cause of spanish conquest all behavior. The two basic instincts are Eros (love) and the destructive or death instinct.

The purpose of Eros is to establish and preserve unity through relationships. On the other hand, the gun control, purpose of the death instinct is to undo connections and spanish conquest of mexico, unity via destruction (Freud, 1949, p. 18). United. The two instincts can either operate against each other through repulsion or combine with each other through attraction (Freud, 1949, p. 19). Freud (1949) contends that sexual life begins with manifestations that present themselves soon after birth (p. Spanish Conquest. 23). The four main phases in sexual development are the oral phase, the sadistic-anal phase, the phallic phase, and the genital phase, and each phase is characterized by specific occurrences. During the oral phase, the individual places emphasis on providing satisfaction for the needs of the mouth, which emerges as the first erotogenic zone (Freud, 1949, p. 24).

During the sadistic-anal phase, satisfaction is sought through aggression and in the excretory function. During the phallic phase, the young boy enters the Oedipus phase where he fears his father and castration while simultaneously fantasizing about sexual relations with his mother (Freud, 1949, p. 25). The young girl, in contrast, enters the Electra phase, where she experiences penis envy, which often culminates in united states gun control her turning away from sexual life altogether. Following the phallic phase is a period of spanish conquest of mexico latency, in which sexual development comes to a halt (Freud, 1949, p. 23). Finally, in the genital phase, the sexual function is completely organized and the coordination of sexual urge towards pleasure is completed. Effect Essay. Errors occurring in the development of the sexual function result in homosexuality and sexual perversions, according to Freud (1949, p. Conquest. 27). Freud (1949) defines the qualities of the psychical process as being either conscious, preconscious, or unconscious (p. 31).

Ideas considered to be conscious are those of which we are aware, yet they remain conscious only states gun control briefly. Preconscious ideas are defined as those that are capable of becoming conscious. In contrast, unconscious ideas are defined as those that are not easily accessible but can be inferred, recognized, and spanish conquest of mexico, explained through analysis (Freud, 1949, p. 32). Freud spent many years hypothesizing about the role of dreams and their interpretation. He defines the states of sleep to be a period of capacity uproar and chaos during which the spanish, unconscious thoughts of the id attempt to force their way into assessing capacity, consciousness (Freud, 1949, p. 38). In order to spanish conquest of mexico, interpret a dream, which develops from either the id or the ego, certain assumptions must be made, including the acknowledgment that what is effect essay recalled from a dream is only a facade behind which the spanish of mexico, meaning must be inferred. Dreams are undoubtedly caused by conflict and are characterized by effect essay their power to bring up memories that the dreamer has forgotten, their strong use of symbolism, and their ability to spanish of mexico, reproduce repressed impressions of the dreamer's childhood (Freud, 1949, p. 40). In addition, dreams, which are fulfillments of accounting wishes, according to spanish of mexico, Freud (1949), are capable of bringing up impressions that cannot have originated from the dreamer's life (Freud, 1949, p. 45).

The basic objective of states gun control psychoanalysis is to remove neuroses and thereby cure patients by returning the spanish conquest, damaged ego to its normal state (Freud, 1949, p. 51). During analysis, a process that often takes many years, patients tell analysts both what they feel is important and what they consider to be unimportant. An aspect of analysis that has both positive and negative repercussions is transference, which occurs when patients view their analysts as parents, role models, or other figures from their past. Transference causes patients to become concerned with pleasing their analysts and, as a result, patients lose their rational aim of getting well (Freud, 1949, p. 52). The method of psychoanalysis involves several significant steps. First, analysts gather material with which to pc world work experience, work from patients' free associations, results of transference, dream interpretation, and the patients' slips and parapraxes (Freud, 1949, p. 56). Spanish Conquest Of Mexico. Second, analysts begin to form hypotheses about what happened to the patients in the past and what is currently happening to them in their daily life. It is effect essay important that analysts relay the conclusions at conquest, which they arrive based on their observations only after the patients have reached the same conclusions on effect essay, their own accord.

Should analysts reveal their conclusions to patients too soon, resistance due to repression occurs. Spanish Conquest. Overcoming this resistance requires additional time and effort by both the analysts and the patients. Once patients accept the conclusions, they are cured (Freud, 1949, p. 57). In the final chapters of An Outline of Psychoanalysis , Freud (1949) insists that it is effect essay neither practical nor fair to conquest of mexico, scientifically define what is effect essay normal and abnormal, and despite his theory's accuracy, reality will always remain unknowable (p. 83). He claims that although his theory is correct to the best of of mexico his knowledge, it is literature unlikely that such generalizations can be universally correct (Freud, 1949, p. 96). Evaluating the conquest of mexico, Criticisms of Psychoanalysis. Other critics disagree with Grünbaum and insist that although extraclinical studies must and should be performed, clinical data are a reliable and necessary source of evidence because the theory of literature in a paper psychoanalysis would be impossible to test otherwise (Edelson, 1986, p. 232). Shevrin (1986) insists that Freud's admirable heuristic hypotheses did not come out of the thin air or simply out of his imagination (p.258) as other critics might have the reader believe.

Instead, Shevrin (1986) continues, extraclinical methods must be drawn upon in addition to the clinical method because the clinical method is the only way we can be in touch with certain phenomena (p. 259). Only with quantification, many critics assert, can supposedly scientific theories even begin to be evaluated based on their empirical merits. Additional critics contend that Freud's clinical data are flawed or invalid. Greenberg (1986) believes that Freud's case studies do not place enough stress on revealing the conquest, outcome of the treatment and that Freud's aim was more to illustrate his theoretical points (p. 240). In addition, Freud fully presented only twelve cases, but he mentioned over states one hundred minor cases. Greenberg asserts that many of the presented cases would not even be considered acceptable examples of psychoanalysis and, in short, that virtually all of the case studies had basic shortcomings (p. Conquest. 240). Finally, Greenberg finds it both striking and curious (p.

240) that Freud chose to illustrate the usefulness of psychoanalysis through the display of unsuccessful cases. We were forced to conclude, maintains Greenberg, that Freud never presented any data, in statistical or case study form, that demonstrated that his treatment was of benefit to a significant number of the patients he himself saw (p. 241). Many other powerful criticisms about Freud's inaccurate and subsequently flawed evidence have been published. These critics contend that Freud's evidence is flawed due to the lack of an experiment, the lack of a control group, and the lack of observations that went unrecorded (Colby, 1960, p. 54). In addition, critics find fault with the demographically restricted sample of united individuals on which Freud based the majority of his data and theory (Holt, 1986, p. Of Mexico. 242). Spence (1986) is critical of Grünbaum's argument, although he acknowledges that we simply do not know the amount of literature in a research paper contamination, the spanish conquest of mexico, spread of infection within the session, and the extent to which suggested responses are balanced by unexpected confirmations which support the theory and take the analyst by surprise. (p. 259) Spence contends that free associations are not necessarily contaminated and also makes note of the fact that psychoanalysts are particularly sensitized (in the course of their training) to effect essay, the dangers of suggestion, and schooled in a tradition which places an of mexico emphasis on minimal comment and redundant examples (p. 259).

Spence concludes that the answer to the important question concerning the validity of free association will only be realized through close inspection of the transcripts of meetings between the patient and analyst. In addition to his criticism of free association, Grünbaum (1986) finds fault with Freud's theory of dreams. In spite of Freud's view that this theory represented his greatest insight and success, it has very much failed in the eyes of most of today's critics. Finally, many people feel that a major flaw of psychoanalysis is that, according to Farrell (1981), it appears to encourage analytic and adjusting, psychodynamic practitioners to overlook the place and great importance of ordinary common sense (p. 216).

Because psychoanalysis deals chiefly with unconscious motives and repressed emotions, common sense no longer seems to be applicable. Farrell (1981) and other critics believe that it is increasingly important for analysts to spanish of mexico, be aware of pc world experience common sense and spanish, the role that it can, should, and does play in psychoanalysis (p. 216). Criticisms of the research paper, Principles of Psychoanalysis. Popper, by spanish conquest far one of psychoanalysis' most well-known critics and a strong critic of Grünbaum, insists that psychoanalysis cannot be considered a science because it is not falsifiable. He claims that psychoanalysis' so-called predictions are not predictions of overt behavior but of effect essay hidden psychological states.

This is why they are so untestable (Popper, 1986, p. 254). Popper (1986) claims that only when individuals are not neurotic is it possible to empirically determine if prospective patients are currently neurotic (p. Spanish Conquest Of Mexico. 254). Popper (1986) asserts that psychoanalysis has often maintained that every individual is assessing capacity neurotic to some degree due to conquest of mexico, the fact that everyone has suffered and repressed a trauma at one point or another in his or her life (p. 255). However, this concept of ubiquitous repression is impossible to effect essay, test because there is no overt behavioral method of doing so (p. 254). Other critics claim that psychoanalysis cannot be considered a science due to its lack of predictions.

Psychoanalysts, critics maintain, state that certain childhood experiences, such as abuse or molestation, produce certain outcomes or states of neurosis. To take this idea one step further, one should be able to predict that if children experience abuse, for instance, they will become characterized by certain personality traits. In addition, this concept would theoretically work in reverse. For instance, if individuals are observed in a particular neurotic state, one should be able to predict that they had this or that childhood experience. However, neither of these predictions can be made with any accuracy (Colby, 1960, p. 55). Additional critics insist that psychoanalysis is not a science because of the lack of interpretive rules or regulations. Colby (1960) contends that critics of psychoanalysis have difficulties with the idea that there are no clear, intersubjectively shared lines of of mexico reasoning between theories and observations (p. 54). For instance, one psychoanalyst will observe one phenomenon and interpret it one way, whereas another psychoanalyst will observe the effect essay, same phenomenon and conquest of mexico, interpret it in states a completely different way that is spanish conquest contradictory to accounting, the first psychoanalyst's interpretation (Colby, 1960, p. 54). Colby (1960) concludes that if analysts themselves cannot concur that a certain observation is an example of a certain theory, then the regulations that govern psychoanalytic interpretation are undependable (p. Of Mexico. 55).

Eysenck (1986) maintains: I have always taken it for granted that the obvious failure of Freudian therapy to significantly improve on spontaneous remission or placebo treatment is the clearest proof we have of the inadequacy of Freudian theory, closely followed by the success of alternative methods of treatment, such as behavior therapy. (p. 236) Whereas critics, such as Popper (1986), insist that Freud's theories cannot be falsified and therefore are not scientific, Eysenck claims that because Freud's theories can be falsified, they are scientific. Grünbaum (1986) concurs with Eysenck that Freud's theory is falsifiable and therefore scientific, but he goes one step further and claims that Freud's theory of psychoanalysis has been proven wrong and is simply bad science. Evaluating the Strengths of Psychoanalysis. As noted previously, Freud coined the term psychoanalysis in 1856. Literature Review Research. Even today, as we are rapidly approaching the twenty-first century, psychoanalysis remains as a valid option for patients suffering from spanish conquest mental illnesses.

The acceptance and popularity of psychoanalysis is apparent through the existence of numerous institutes, organizations, and conferences established around the world with psychoanalysis as their focus. The theory of psychoanalysis was innovative and revolutionary, and clearly has withstood the test of time. Perhaps even more noteworthy than the longevity of billy movie psychoanalysis is the fact that it has served as a catalyst to many professionals in the field of psychology and prompted them to spanish conquest of mexico, see connections that they otherwise would have missed. Psychoanalysis enlightened health professionals about many aspects of the human mind and its inner workings, phenomena that had previously been inexplicable. As a direct result of psychoanalysis, approaches to psychological treatment now considered routine or commonplace were developed worldwide (Farrell, 1981, p. 202). By far one of the greatest strengths of psychoanalysis is that it is a very comprehensive theory. Psychoanalysis, originally intended as a theory to adjusting, explain therapeutic or psychological concepts, explains the nature of spanish conquest of mexico human development and all aspects of mental functioning. However, many experts contend that psychoanalysis can also be used to describe or explain a vast array of other concepts outside of the realm of the psychological field. For example, religion, Shakespeare's character Hamlet, the nature of companies and their leaders, or an pc world work artist's paintings can all be explained by the principles of psychoanalysis. This comprehensiveness suggests that the conquest of mexico, theory of psychoanalysis is, at least to some extent, pointing in adjusting entries the general direction of the spanish conquest, truth (Farrell, 1981, p. 195). Despite the weaknesses of psychoanalysis, I believe that the many strengths of the theory are extremely significant.

Therefore, I maintain that psychoanalysis is a theory that should not be disregarded. Because psychoanalysis was developed a century ago and is still considered to be a credible and effective method of capacity treating mental illnesses, I contend that at least significant parts of the theory are accurate. Second, I believe that psychoanalysis is a scientific theory due to the fact that it is falsifiable and has, in fact, been proven false because other methods of treatment have been proven effective. Third, I believe that psychoanalysis is comprehensive, can be applied in practical ways, and contains valid arguments. Finally, I believe that psychoanalysis is a substantial theory of personality because it is directly responsible for the development of spanish conquest additional psychological theories and hypotheses that otherwise may have been missed.

Psychoanalysis is widely disputed, but perhaps it is necessary to billy movie, return to the founder of psychoanalysis himself. Freud (1949) wrote in his Outline of spanish conquest Psychoanalysis the teachings of psychoanalysis are based on an incalculable number of united observations and experiences, and conquest of mexico, only someone who has repeated those observations on himself and on others is in a position to arrive at entries accounting, a judgment of spanish his own upon it. (p. States Gun Control. 11) Although I am hardly an expert on psychoanalysis, I believe that to dismiss the theory completely would be a tremendous oversight because without it many other valuable psychological techniques and theories most likely would have remained undiscovered. Beystehner's article, Psychoanalysis: Freud's Revolutionary Approach to Human Personality, examines Freud and his field of psychoanalysis in order to spanish conquest, determine if the recognition it has received since its inception at the turn of the century has been deserved. In this article, Beystehner reviews various aspects of psychoanalysis, history of Freud, main ideas, and criticisms of psychoanalysis. The article concludes by united states gun control acknowledging flaws in spanish conquest of mexico psychoanalysis, but asserts the united, value that Freud and his theories have added to the field of psychology. Sigmund Freud was the psychologist responsible for forming and spanish conquest of mexico, forwarding the first ideas in psychoanalysis. His theories were highly controversial and remain so to this day. The foundation of psychoanalysis is rooted in the idea that humans have unconscious longings that must be analyzed in order to understand behavior. Such unconscious desires are usually sexual and aggressive tendencies. Psychoanalysis is a method to uncover the effect essay, source and elements of these impulses.

Various methods, including free association, dream interpretation, and analysis of slips in conversation are used to identify latent longings. Beystehner classifies critics into conquest of mexico, three categories. The first group is critical of Freud because of his method of data collection or his lack of data. A second group of billy elliot movie critics dislikes techniques that psychoanalysts use to assist their patients. Free association, according to Grünbaum (1986), is not a valid method of accessing the patients' repressed actual memories because there is no way of ensuring that the analyst is capable of distinguishing between the patients' actual memories and imagined memories constructed due to the influence of the analyst's leading questions (p. Of Mexico. 226). Finally, Beystehner refers to critics who condemn psychoanalysis as not being scientific.

Because it is impossible to test, lacks predictions, and has no interpretive rules, it contradicts many of the fundamental tenets of science. Beystehner does an excellent job of reviewing the history of psychoanalysis and summarizing main ideas. Although she identifies some important critics, many others are left out. Freud has a significant number feminist critics because many of his theories viewed women's sexuality in a negative light. In addition, Beystehner discusses Freud's view that homosexuality is an error occurring in assessing capacity the development of the sexual function. Conquest. Such an idea has been criticized with relatively recent emerging research on homosexuality. Therefore, critiques of elliot Freud stretch farther than examined in this article. Nonetheless, Beystehner's conclusion about psychoanalysis is valuable. First, the conquest of mexico, aspects that make a theory great are underscored. Beystehner shows how Freud's theories satisfy such aspects, thereby making it one of the greatest theories about human behavior. Flaws are acknowledged, yet psychoanalysis is a theory that should not be disregarded.

It has helped develop and refine many new fields of psychology. The paper on psychoanalysis by Beystehner presents an argument that attempts to effect essay, establish Freud's revolutionary theory of psychotherapy as a great idea in spanish conquest of mexico the study of personality. Despite the great criticism of him by several scientists, the united gun control, author believes Freud should not be overlooked. She believes that Freud's theory, by withstanding the tests of time and by influencing so many other ideas in the field of personality, cannot be dismissed. In addition, she believes that psychoanalysis is a scientific method. The arguments are presented in a neat, linear manner that can be followed easily. First, the author gives origins and histories of spanish of mexico psychotherapy, and then goes on to explain the theories of united states gun control Freud.

She finally documents important critical and positive viewpoints on spanish of mexico, the father of psychoanalysis. The paper is strong in its clear presentation, with a final conclusion that is supported by literature the evidence brought forth in conquest the author's argument. However, many criticisms of Freud are left unresolved. The author does state in literature review in a research paper her conclusion that Freud's arguments have their weaknesses, but she believes that an idea can still be great if it is flawed. The problem is that the strengths of his work are unclear and conquest of mexico, are directly refuted by Freud's critics. Perhaps the greatest question left unresolved is the falsifiablity of gun control Freud. Can we interpret his theories as a true science, or are they merely speculations at the human mind? The author believes that psychoanalysis is a scientific method because it is falsifiable, but no concrete proof of that is spanish of mexico presented. The author shows that Freud is important because he influenced so much thought in the 20th century, and because he addressed issues previously kept in the dark. However, I believe the author falls short of establishing psychoanalysis as a science.

The criticisms are overwhelming, and the author rarely takes the time to refute these points. The criticisms collected regarding psychoanalysis are placed into entries, three categories by the author, criticisms of Freud's evidence, techniques, and principles. Freud and his theories are criticized on all levels. Attacks range from his intentions to his empirical evidence. At one point it is stated: Greenburg believes that Freud's case studies do not place enough stress on revealing the outcome of the treatment and spanish, that Freud's aim was to illustrate his theoretical points. And then almost immediately following: Critics contend that Freud's evidence is flawed due to the lack of an work experience experiment, the lack of spanish a control group, and capacity, the lack of observations that went unrecorded (Colby, 1960, p. 54). Things that are synonymous with modern scientific theory and method are omitted from Freud's theory. These multiple gaping holes in Freud's work are presented in quick procession, and are followed by no discussion.

Instead, the reader is left thinking only of all of Freud's flaws. A mountain of these facts is built up, but it is never knocked down. Instead of defending Freud against the points of the spanish conquest of mexico, previous section, the portion of the paper evaluating the strengths of Freud concentrates on the influence Freud has had both inside and outside of literature in a paper psychology. The author states that a good theory, according to many philosophers of science, is falsifiable, able to be generalized, leads to new theories and ideas, and is recognized by of mexico others in the field. Elliot. Clearly psychoanalysis meets many of spanish these criteria. Yet the formerly stated criticisms of psychoanalysis as a science seem too great to ignore; the effect essay, author offers no resolution to these points. Spanish Conquest. More importantly, the author fails to prove the falsifiability of the theories.

The only proof given is pc world that psychoanalysis is falsifiable because other methods of treatment have been proven effective. This is a vague statement that, even if true, in no way provides a strong foundation to spanish of mexico, such an important and pivotal argument. Creating falsifiability is vital in establishing psychoanalysis as a scientific theory. Effect Essay. Without a reasonable claim at conquest of mexico, this, it is difficult to entries, discuss a theory as a science. Instead of clearly meeting the of mexico, criteria of a good, scientific theory, psychoanalysis falls short. Because of this, evaluating psychoanalysis as a scientific method is unreasonable. This is significant in evaluating Freud's theories as great. The only strengths successfully argued are that his psychoanalysis still lingers today and that it has led to new theories and ideas.

I do not believe that the ideas of Freud should be dismissed completely. Freud's influence has been great on many. He has permeated into society and is now commonplace in the public's evaluation of billy elliot personality. The author of this article explains how Freud's work acted as a catalyst, opening the eyes of several scientists to new theories that otherwise would have been missed. Freud's theories can effectively be applied to the human personality and to of mexico, the development of the human mind and sexuality. They can even be applied to works outside of the realm of psychology. Yet, in this article, the author does not effectively establish psychoanalysis as a science. The criticisms of Freud (his technique, method, and principles), and the author's failure to prove falsifiability of psychoanalysis make it impossible to accept his theories as a science. Freud's revolutionary thinking and his effect on capacity, those who followed clearly establish that his theories have had a great impact in the field of personality. However, the author does not provide significant evidence to establish Freud's work as a scientific method.

This paper discusses Freud's theory of psychoanalysis, including an evaluation of whether or not the theory qualifies as a great idea of personality. The author notes several strong arguments that critics of the theory have made, but also suggests that the theory is comprehensive enough to remain in spanish of mexico consideration. States. For example, although Beystehner makes the assertion that Freud's data were not scientific, she also points out that the theory is not only still in of mexico use after an entire century, but it has influenced many more theories as well. The author describes the theory of psychoanalysis fairly well. United States. Although slightly brief, the outline of psychoanalysis given is understandable if the reader has some knowledge of the topic. Some concepts, such as the latent stage and the Electra complex, could be further elaborated. Similarly, Freudian slips, or parapraxes, are not explained at spanish of mexico, all. Beystehner also states that there are both positive and negative aspects of assessing capacity transference, but does not provide adequate descriptions of these.

It seems that the criticisms Beystehner makes against psychoanalysis are much more powerful than the defending arguments. For instance, the claims that Freud's data were either flawed or invalid indicate that Freud's theory is not scientifically based, a rather large, influential argument against the theory. The comments against conquest Freud's technique of free association fuel the debate on whether his work was done on empirical grounds. Beystehner provides ample support for this criticism, and the reader begins to question whether or not the theory is really based on adequate evidence. Entries. It is somewhat contradictory that a theory with such a dubious foundation could remain in existence for so long, let alone serve as the basis for spanish, other theories. Beystehner asserts that psychoanalysis is, in fact, a falsifiable theory, and effect essay, so it is appropriately categorized as a scientific theory. Spanish Conquest Of Mexico. However, her paper lacks the support necessary to convince the reader of this idea.

The fact that other types of treatment have been shown to be effective does not satisfy the literature review, reader as acceptable evidence that the theory is scientific. Conquest Of Mexico. The concepts behind Freud's psychoanalysis are nearly impossible to test empirically; how does one go about proving the existence of an id? It is no wonder that Freud's data were flawed. Psychoanalysis can only pc world be based on observations and interpretations, which are not always standardized, and thus predictions are not always accurate. Beystehner has done well in bringing these problems to light. Nevertheless, psychoanalysis is a very comprehensive theory that can be used to conquest, explain many aspects of adjusting human psychology.

The author evaluates this point as well as other strengths of the theory, but the reasoning in of mexico support of the effect essay, theory is not quite up to par with the arguments against it. The main item that confirms the theory's strength deals with the longevity of psychoanalysis. The reader is left to wonder how, with all the criticism against it, the theory has remained intact for so long. Although psychoanalysis is extremely comprehensive, contains some valid arguments, and has been utilized in both clinical and research psychology, empirical support in favor of the theory seems to be lacking. Beystehner also seems to draw several conclusions without offering clarifying examples. She states that irrelevant and false assumptions are made all too frequently in the field of conquest of mexico psychoanalysis, and work, specific examples could be included. Also, she claims that psychoanalysis can be applied in practical ways, which is a rather vague description of the theory's usefulness. In her conclusion, Beystehner uses a quote from spanish of mexico Freud, in which Freud implies that he has based psychoanalysis on his observations of both himself and others. Literature Review Research. However, Rand and conquest, Torok (1997) have noted that Freud did not completely understand himself, which would contribute to his flawed data results (p.

221). Once again, the validity of psychoanalysis comes into question. Perhaps the case for the theory needs some reconsideration. Undoubtedly, the author has made some very clear points, and assessing capacity, should be commended on conquest, her accomplishment of adjusting entries accounting compiling such a comprehensive evaluation of psychoanalysis. On the other hand, the justifications for agreeing with the theory fall short of the critique against it, and spanish of mexico, so the accounting, reader can conclude that psychoanalysis may not be as great of a theory as previously thought. Beystehner's essay on psychoanalysis is a good introduction to Freudian theory, and spanish conquest of mexico, also addresses the issue of whether it holds water as a science, but stops there, which is somewhat misleading.

There are even a few simple factual statements that I find questionable, including the statement that the superego's demands are managed by the id. Nothing can really be managed by the id, nor the superego, for that matter. Work. These two elements counterbalance each other, but only the ego is capable of management. The term Electra phase is also attributed to Freud, which is conquest of mexico a term with which he personally did not agree. In a paper such as this one that addresses Freudian theory, rather than psychoanalysis as a whole, it would be more appropriate to simply note the theoretical gaps in the theory for females.

Freud's famous quote What do women want? would be appropriate to note. He conceded that he was unable to make his theory a balanced one for both sexes, so why not simply address that in the paper? Neglecting much of the literature is a much more serious offense. Only Freud's writings are addressed as far as psychoanalytic theory goes, and all of the innovations within Freud's framework are ignored. Psychoanalysis has come a long way since Freud's day, including changes that account for the aforementioned inability of united states Freud's theory to address the issues specific to women. Many criticisms of of mexico Freud are briefly noted in the essay, but the elliot movie, only one that is properly addressed is the question of whether psychoanalysis has a solid scientific basis in theory and practice--that is, whether it should be considered a pure science. This question may be an issue, but I think it is essentially a secondary one. Many modern analysts would simply concede this point, and go on their merry post-Freudian way. Far more important issues regarding sexuality, etc., are simply glossed over and left to rot as loose ends, unaddressed in the paper and, therefore, in the reader's head. Conquest Of Mexico. There has been a lot of criticism of psychoanalysis, and billy elliot, it has held up very well under fire.

To address only the spanish, question of scientific status, which is one of the few criticisms that has been conceded by literature paper analysts, but is (arguably) a relatively unimportant criticism, is a horrible mistake in a paper that aims to survey the literature on psychoanalysis. The paper is spanish conquest of mexico relatively good on the points that it addresses, but for an overview of psychoanalysis, it fails to emphasize the right points. Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory Raises Concerns in Light of Modern Culture. Sigmund Freud is arguably the most well known psychologist of the 20th century. As the founder of psychoanalysis, he has greatly impacted the development of entries accounting psychotherapy and treatment methods through the course of the century.

His influence on the field remains strong and his theory continues to conquest, generate controversy. Psychoanalysis remains embroiled in this controversy as many detractors claim that the theory has its flaws. Its redeeming factor is the legacy it leaves behind, as it has furthered the therapeutic field in billy elliot movie unimaginable ways. Contrastingly, opponents of the spanish, theory point to the lack of empirical evidence and the heavy reliance on free association techniques as proof of obvious inadequacies. Psychoanalysis is undoubtedly a great idea in psychology as the author clearly notes; however, the theory's shortcomings are far from literature in a few in the light of modern demands. One of the greatest inadequacies in Freud's theory that the author does not investigate further is the inability of the spanish, theory to explain behaviors in our modern culture. In many senses, Freud's theory was only applicable in effect essay his own era. The prevalence of same-sex parents raising children in homosexual homes or the even more common phenomenon of single-parent households raise questions that psychoanalysis fails to answer.

The psychoanalytic theory is horribly inadequate in its investigation of female emotional and sexual development. Conquest Of Mexico. Freud concentrated on male development, as he was part of a male dominated era; however the experience, lack of foresight is clear as half the population's development has been insufficiently accounted for under the guidelines of the of mexico, theory. Difficulties arise when one attempts to explain female development and behavior based on work, psychoanalytic theory because it is so incomplete in this arena. Spanish Conquest. The demographic scope of investigation of capacity psychoanalysis is apparent when measured against modern standards. The role and interpretation of dreams was one of the cornerstones of Freud's theory. He used dreams and spanish of mexico, their subsequent interpretations to bring subconscious conflict to billy elliot, the forefront. The author succinctly describes the role of conquest dreams in psychoanalysis; however, more recent evidence refuting Freud's claims is rather interesting. The proliferation of psychotherapy in the modern day has brought controversial and unsettling issues under close scrutiny. The ability of therapists to assessing, strongly influence patients' memories has been supported in numerous studies. Of Mexico. Loftus (1993a, 1993b, 1995) has also shown in billy elliot movie many studies that memories are often reconstructed and that the therapist aids in the construction process through such avenues as dream interpretation and hypnosis.

The question of conquest of mexico whether dreams are a reliable source of information has been refuted by most in the field; yet, patients continue to reconstruct memories with the aid of therapists. The modern scientific phenomenon has it roots in Freud's original psychoanalytic theory. Clear mention is made of the fundamental technique of free-association in Freud's clinical cases. The reliance on free-association and on dream interpretation point to pc world work experience, a greater problem: the conquest of mexico, lack of empirical evidence. The lack of empirical evidence is a point to which the literature review paper, strongest opponents of psychoanalysis look in criticism of the theory. Perhaps the reason many modern psychologists are unable to reconcile the spanish, psychoanalytic theory with modern treatment techniques is due to this apparent lack of empirical evidence. Assessing Capacity. Modern science looks to empirical evidence for confirmation of any theory's validity. Freud was clearly unable to provide the empirical evidence of spanish conquest of mexico modern standards; thus, only if we look at the psychoanalytic theory from the ideas it has spurred rather than at its literal meaning can psychoanalysis be considered a great idea in personality. Psychoanalysis displays its greatest strength as one views the progress that has been made in the treatment of the mentally ill. Proponents of psychoanalysis have contributed to its widespread influence as it has encouraged other fields of research and investigation.

Psychoanalysis fostered interest in human emotional and psychological development traced back to a young age. Pc World. The human can be seen from a much more holistic viewpoint as one looks at the psychoanalytic theory, which combines the inner workings of the mind and spanish conquest of mexico, attempts to explain them in the context of a dynamic social environment. The author provides an accurate assessment of adjusting entries accounting Freud's psychoanalytic theory as she points out its two major inadequacies, the demographic restrictions of the subject population and the lack of empirical evidence, while also salvaging the theory by concentrating on the legacy it left behind. Although the specifics of the psychoanalytic theory cannot be supported via empirical evidence and of mexico, many aspects of the theory cannot explain modern phenomena, Freud still made a considerable and lasting contribution to psychology. The controversy surrounding his theory to this very day is testimony of its greatest strength: its ability to foster and encourage further investigation and the presentation of new theories. Freud brought psychology to a new precipice as he delved into the workings of the inner mind. Evaluating the Criticisms: Psychoanalysis and its Legacy.

It seems to me that there are several common criticisms of my paper, Psychoanalysis: Freud's Revolutionary Approach to Human Personality. First, several commentators are of the opinion that I failed to fully establish falsifiability of Freud's psychoanalytic theory. Second, several commentators believe that I did not adequately describe the literature in a research paper, most important criticisms of Freudian theory. Third, several commentators feel that I failed to fully resolve or refute the criticisms of psychoanalysis that I detailed in my paper. In this response, I will attempt to reply to these and all of the other valuable criticisms made by the authors of the peer commentaries on my article. In her commentary, Analyzing Psychoanalysis, Cheryan cites two weaknesses of my paper to be the omission of feminist critics of psychoanalysis and of mexico, the omission of recent research concerning homosexuality. Capacity. As Cheryan writes, Critiques of Freud stretch farther than examined in this article. I am in agreement with this point.

Clearly Freud and psychoanalysis have been criticized and attacked from nearly every angle. In choosing to classify the criticisms of conquest of mexico Freud into the three categories of review criticisms of Freud's evidence, Freud's technique, and the basic principles of psychoanalysis, I was attempting merely to highlight some of the criticisms that appeared to be significant and mentioned by many authors. Perhaps with a bit more research, I would have found more criticisms of the type Cheryan mentions, but because of the spanish, vast number of criticisms against Freud and his work, it was necessary that I select several areas of criticism on which to effect essay, focus my article. Like Cheryan, Rawal points out in her article that I failed to investigate psychoanalysis' inability to explain certain behaviors in spanish conquest our modern world. She too cites the examples of homosexuality and capacity, the overall inadequacy of the theory's positions on the sexual and emotional development of females. I have to spanish conquest of mexico, agree with Rawal and literature paper, Cheryan that one of the greatest oversights of Freud was his failure to develop his theory well enough for females. This was due, as Rawal notes in her commentary, to the time period in which Freud worked, an era that was definitely male-dominated. In his commentary, Freud Alone, Plaut mentions a statement in my paper with which he finds fault. In my paper, I stated that the superego's demands are managed by the id. Plaut goes on to explain how nothing can really be 'managed' by the id, nor the superego. Upon review of my sources, I have to conclude that I misinterpreted some information.

In short, this statement in my paper is, in fact, false. To correct this error, I wish to emphasize the fact that the conquest of mexico, demands of both the superego and the id are managed by the ego. Plaut also cites my use of the term Electra complex, a term with which Freud did not personally agree. Once again, Plaut is correct here. The term was first used by Jung, and Freud did, in fact, argue against its introduction in one of his papers. I must admit that I did realize that Freud did not coin the billy, term Electra complex, but I included it in my paper for two reasons. Spanish Of Mexico. First, the term is used by many critics and appears to be generally accepted, and second, I felt that the term made differentiating between the developmental experiences of males and females easier for the reader to comprehend. Plaut states in his article that only Freud's writings are addressed as far as psychoanalytic theory goes, and all of the innovations within Freud's framework are ignored.

He is correct here, and I agree with him that psychoanalysis has come a long way since Freud. However, the purpose of my particular paper was not to provide a current update of those innovations. Instead, I attempted to provide an overview of Freud's theory, not the theories of his successors. Finally, I evaluated whether or not I believe Freud's specific theory of psychoanalysis, not the practice of psychoanalysis in movie general, is indeed a valuable theory of human personality. Plaut also asserts that I failed to emphasize the right points. Spanish Of Mexico. He believes that, although the question of whether or not psychoanalysis has a solid, scientific foundation may be an important issue, it is united states essentially a secondary one.

I disagree. Many of the foremost critics of psychoanalysis find fault with the of mexico, theory because they believe that it is effect essay not scientific. Spanish Conquest. Consequently, I believe that the arguments for and against this argument are indeed extremely important, far more important than Plaut acknowledges. Finally, Plaut asserts that many modern analysts would simply concede that psychoanalysis is adjusting entries accounting a science and go on their merry post-Freudian way. However, I find this hard to accept because I have found criticisms stating the exact opposite spanish conquest, of Plaut's remark. As I stated in my paper, Storr (1981) insists, Only a few fundamentalist psychoanalysts of an old-fashioned kind think that Freud was a scientist or that psychoanalysis was or could be a scientific enterprise (p. 260).

There is quite a difference between many modern analysts, as Plaut asserts and only a few fundamentalist psychoanalysts, according to Storr. This and the importance of the issue of whether psychoanalysis is indeed a science are definite sources of effect essay disagreement between Plaut's beliefs and my own. In Psychoanalysis: A Not-So-Great Idea? Lin first cites my omission of Freudian slips as a significant error. Although I did allude to Freudian slips, or parapraxes in the section of my paper detailing the method of psychoanalytic treatment, Lin is correct in stating that I failed adequately to explain their nature. In regards to this and other brief descriptions of various topics in my paper of spanish conquest which Lin would like to see more explanation, I was merely trying to be succinct. I highlighted the basics of billy elliot movie Freud's theory, and I maintain that the primary aspects of his psychoanalytic theory are explained quite adequately. Lin also cites my use of one of Freud's quotations in my conclusion and the fact that recent research has shown that, according to Lin, Freud did not completely understand himself, which would contribute to his flawed data results. In regards to this point, I must admit that I am not familiar with the research Lin cites, and I can only offer my intent for spanish conquest, including this quotation, which was merely to illustrate Freud's opinion that only effect essay individuals schooled in spanish conquest the details of psychoanalytic theory are in a position whereby they can offer their views of psychoanalysis. Perhaps more important though is the criticism of both Lin and states gun control, Jones that I failed to conquest, establish psychoanalysis as a falsifiable theory. However, I believe that falsifiability is a somewhat straightforward issue.

In my opinion, because methods of treatment other than psychoanalysis have been used successfully in the treatment of mental illness, psychoanalysis has indeed been falsified. Among the alternative methods that have been proven effective are behavior and cognitive therapy, not to mention spontaneous remission or placebo treatment (Eysenck, 1986, p. Literature Review Paper. 236). Lin also considers the conclusion of my paper to be vague and in need of more examples. In attempting to be brief, I may have inadvertently neglected a few of the details that Lin mentions. First, in spanish regards to my statement that irrelevant and false assumptions are made all too frequently in the field of psychoanalysis, I was referring primarily to the types of generalizations whereby psychoanalysts, for instance, define the causes of billy movie all sorts of mental issues to be due to unresolved Oedipal and Electra complexes. This type of generalization is, in my opinion, exaggerated and lacking in common sense.

Second, in regards to my statement that psychoanalysis can be applied in practical ways, I was referring to its use as a method of treatment of various mental illnesses, its attempt at explaining the inner workings of the human mind in the context of the world and spanish conquest of mexico, the environment, and its ability to serve as a catalyst for adjusting entries accounting, further investigation of other psychological theories. I apologize for this apparent lack of clarity. Lin and Jones both believe that the strengths of psychoanalysis that I detailed do not stack up to the many criticisms of the theory. However, I disagree. The fact that psychoanalysis has withstood the test of time so well indicates without a doubt that at spanish conquest of mexico, least parts of the theory are accurate. In addition, Freud's influence on the field of psychology remains strong even today.

The legacy that Freud left behind is tremendous, and his theories have furthered the field of psychology in an infinite number of ways. Although my paper detailed many criticisms of Freud's theory, I believe that these only pc world serve to further illustrate one of psychoanalysis' greatest strengths: its controversiality. As a direct result of Freud's theory, additional psychological theories and spanish conquest of mexico, hypotheses have been developed that otherwise may have been missed. Literature In A Research Paper. This, in conquest of mexico my opinion, is by in a far the greatest achievement of Freud's psychoanalytic theory and overshadows any and all of its many criticisms. In his commentary Great Ideas, But Great Science? Jones asserts the primary weaknesses of my article to spanish of mexico, be many of the same criticisms made by Lin , as I have noted previously.

These include the arguments that the criticisms of psychoanalysis are left unresolved, that the strengths of psychoanalysis are vague and literature review research paper, do not stack up well against its many criticisms, and that the falsifiability of the theory is not well-established. In addition, Jones finds fault with my categorization of the criticisms of Freud and his theory. He emphasizes that, Freud and his theories are criticized on all levels. Attacks range from his intentions to his empirical evidence. I strongly agree with Jones on this issue. Jones seems to be bothered by the conflicting criticisms and my lack of discussion regarding each one. However, I believe much of the criticism that I detailed is somewhat self-explanatory, and in response to Jones' assertion that the reader is left thinking only of Freud's flaws, I believe that the strengths of Freud's theory, including its legacy, serendipitous quality, and spanish of mexico, controversiality, are indeed strong enough to overpower the united states gun control, many arguments against conquest of mexico it. Jones , like Lin , maintains that the paper, falisifiability of psychoanalysis is not well-established though he insists this is in part due to the somewhat vague statement in spanish conquest of mexico my conclusion that other methods have been proven effective. As I mentioned previously, behavioral and cognitive therapy have both been successful in the treatment of mental illnesses.

Therefore, I would like to reiterate that psychoanalysis has definitely been falsified as was noted by Eysenck (1986) and many other critics. As a result, contrary to the opinion of Jones, psychoanalysis does meet this aspect of the effect essay, definition of a scientific theory and spanish of mexico, should therefore, in my opinion, be considered scientific. All of the criticisms from each of the peer commentators are valuable and effect essay, interesting. However, I believe that no critic can deny the fact that psychoanalysis is indeed a great idea of human personality. Clearly, psychoanalysis is an important tool in practice. It provides great insight into the inner workings of the human mind, provides a deeper understanding as to conquest, the fundamental problems that cause mental illness, and its controversiality has resulted in the investigation and development of many other psychological theories. In my opinion, these tremendous achievements of assessing capacity Freud and his theory far outweigh the many criticisms. It is spanish conquest my desire, along with many other supporters of psychoanalysis, that the theory of psychoanalysis be fully appreciated for its relevance and profound effects on modern-day psychology as well as its use in pc world experience the clinical environment, despite the many criticisms against it. Colby, K. M. (1960).

An introduction to psychoanalytic research. New York: Basic. Edelson, M. (1986). The evidential value of the psychoanalyst's clinical data. Behavioral and conquest of mexico, Brain Sciences, 9, 232-234. Erwin, E. (1986). Entries. Defending Freudianism.

Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 9, 235-236. Eysenck, H. J. (1986). Failure of treatment--failure of theory? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 9, 236. Farrell, B. A. Of Mexico. (1981). Effect Essay. The standing of psychoanalysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Freud, S. (1949). An outline of psychoanalysis. New York: Norton. Gay, P. (1989).

Sigmund Freud: A brief life. In J. Strachy (Ed.), An outline of psychoanalysis (pp. vii-xx). New York: Norton. Greenberg, R. P. (1986). Spanish. The case against Freud's cases. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 9, 240-241. Grünbaum, A. (1986). Précis of The foundations of psychoanalysis: A philosophical critique.

Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 9, 217-284. Holt, R. States Gun Control. R. Conquest. (1986). Some reflections on testing psychoanalytic hypotheses. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 9, 242-244. Loftus, E. F. (1993a). Desperately seeking memories of the first few years of childhood: The reality of work early memories.

Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 122, 274-277. Loftus, E. F. (1993b). The reality of repressed memories. American Psychologist, 48, 518-537. Loftus, E. F. (1995, March-April).

Remembering dangerously. Skeptical Inquirer, 20-29. National Psychological Association for spanish conquest, Psychoanalysis (1998, January 31). The making of a psychoanalyst [WWW document]. URL Notturno, M. A., McHugh, P. R. (1986). Is Freudian psychoanalytic theory really falsifiable?

Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 9, 250-252. Popper, K. (1986). Predicting overt behavior versus predicting hidden states. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 9, 254-255. Rand, N., Torok, M. (1997). Questions for Freud: The secret history of psychoanalysis. United Gun Control. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Spence, D. P. (1986). Are free associations necessarily contaminated? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 9, 259. Wax, M. L. (1986).

Psychoanalysis: Conventional wisdom, self knowledge, or inexact science? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 9, 264-265.

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Should Parents Be Licensed? An Ominous New Debate. The last century has witnessed some of the most divisive and confrontational debates in human historyand many of these have focused on the institution of the family. Now, two generations after the contraceptive revolution, the very right of of mexico parents to bear and capacity, raise children is under renewed attack. Conquest? The implications of this debate will range far beyond the question of parental fitness. Inevitably, the real issue is in a research paper, whether the state can or should exert a totalitarian power and influence over the reproductive decisions of its citizens. The last century has witnessed some of the most divisive and confrontational debates in human historyand many of these have focused on the institution of the family. Arguments over marriage, sexuality, reproduction, and justice have placed a giant question mark over the family, subjecting civilizations most basic institution to both social transformation and cultural subversion. Now, two generations after the contraceptive revolution, the very right of conquest parents to bear and raise children is under renewed attack. The implications of this debate will range far beyond the question of parental fitness. Inevitably, the real issue is whether the assessing capacity state can or should exert a totalitarian power and influence over spanish conquest, the reproductive decisions of its citizens.

The opening salvo in the debate over licensing parents was fired by philosopher Hugh LaFollette, whose 1980 volume, Licensing Parents , set the agenda for formal debate. Published by Princeton University Press, LaFollettes book was ahead of its time. Now, a quarter century later, the debate is almost certain to be renewed. Evidence of this comes in united the form of of mexico Should Parents Be Licensed? Debating the Issues , edited by Peg Tittle. Effect Essay? An ethicist and philosopher, Tittle introduces a lively and conquest of mexico, interesting series of essays. Would-be teachers are generally required to study full-time for at least eight months before the state will allow them the responsibility of educating children for six hours a day once they become six years of age.

Many would say we have set the bar too low. And yet we havent even set the bar as highin fact we havent set a bar at experience, allfor parents, she asserts. Clearly, Tittle believes that parents should be required to gain a license in order to bear and raise children. She argues that todays society pays insufficient attention to the needs of children, and fails children specifically by failing to require a minimum standard of expertise from conquest their parents. As Tittle sees it, having children is not always a good thing. Indeed, she believes that some forms of parenting are simply immoral. While she obviously has clear cases of parental neglect in mind, she also implies that her understanding of moral parenting is tied to assessing a radical liberalism that would see conservative parentsespecially conservative Christian parentsas dangerous or unfit. As she explains, Licensing would also emphatically underscore the immorality of various kinds of parenting, and penalties for parenting without a license or for somehow violating the license might act to deter people from such parenting. Most of the essays in spanish this volume imply that the coercive power of the state must be employed in the licensing process. To license parents is not just to say that some parenting is immoral, Tittle acknowledges; rather, it is to go one step further and say that some parenting should be illegal, presumably, but not necessarily, because it is immoral. While the capacity very question of licensing parents seems like the rerun of spanish conquest a bad movie from the 1960s, the issue has emerged again in connection with the states gun control use of new reproductive technologies. Questions of access to these technologies, and questions about the conquest of mexico morality of reproductive decisions, implies that these questions couldand some would argue should be pushed back to natural forms of reproduction as well. LaFollettes essay remains the effect essay touchstone of the movement to require licensing for parents. Our society normally regulates a certain range of conquest of mexico activities; it is illegal to perform these activities unless one has received prior permission to elliot do so, LaFollette explains. We require automobile operators to have licenses.

We forbid people from spanish conquest of mexico practicing medicine, law, pharmacy, or psychiatry unless they have satisfied certain licensing requirements. Thus, any activity that is movie, potentially harmful to others and conquest, requires certain demonstrated competence for its safe performance, is subject to regulationthat is, it is theoretically desirable that we regulate it. LaFollette sees parenting as an activity potentially very harmful to children. He points to instances of parental abuse or neglect and argues that the prevention of such abuse would alone justify a licensing requirement for parents. Added to this, LaFollette argues that some persons lack a minimal competence for parenting. Licensing of united parents should be required, not because state intrusion is inherently judicious and efficacious, but simply because it seems to be the best way to of mexico prevent children from being reared by incompetent parents. Why would this idea be met with resistance? I suspect the entries answer is found in spanish a long-held, deeply ingrained attitude toward children, repeatedly reaffirmed in recent court decisions, and research paper, present, at least to some degree, in almost all of us, LaFollette suggests. The belief is that parents own, or at least have natural sovereignty over, their children.

It does not matter precisely how this belief is described, since on spanish both views parents legitimately exercise extensive and virtually unlimited control over their children. Others can properly interfere with or criticize parental decisions only in unusual and tightly prescribed circumstancesfor example, when parents severely and repeatedly abuse their children. In all other cases, the effect essay parents reign supreme. This assertion of parental rights and parental authority is spanish conquest, both concise and accurate. Indeed, belief in parental sovereignty over children has been one of the most important means by which the state has acknowledged the primacy of the family, and thus the limits of its own power. LaFollette rejects this claim out of hand. This belief is abhorrent and needs to be supplanted with a more child-centered view, he boldly asserts. Some have taken this argument even further.

Margaret Battin, addressing the entries issue of population control, has suggested that the state might require all persons to use automatic reversible contraception that could be reversed only by the authority of the state. The state would allow only those persons it deems qualified for parenting to breed, bear, and raise offspring. All this leads to a fascinating collision of the claims put forth by various moral philosophers, all working from a basically secular worldview. The idea that the state should require parents to be licensed in order to reproduce flies into direct conflict with Professor John Robertsons assertion that all persons possess a basic right to procreative liberty. Robertson, who teaches at the University of Texas, would extend this right of procreative liberty to virtually unrestricted access to of mexico reproductive technologies and eugenic mechanisms. The idea that some decisions to procreate could be characterized as immoral requires explanation and elaboration. Some of the contributors to this volume argue that genetic screening should be used in order to prevent immoral births from taking placebirths of those deemed unworthy in terms of genetic disease or other defects. Others would extend such concerns to matters of effect essay economic viability, arguing that parents should not be allowed to have more children than they can afford. Edgar R. Chasteen, for many years Professor of Sociology and Anthropology at William Jewell College, acknowledges that this would mean limiting the rights of parents. Of Mexico? Laws have been passed that severely restrict the rights of parents over their own children, he notes. Compulsory school attendance laws, health laws, delinquency laws, housing lawsall have translated parental rights into privileges . The next logical extension of this process is to make it a privilege to have children.

Such laws would serve not only to defuse the population bomb, but also to protect firstborn children against the too prolific reproduction of capacity their parents. Roger McIntire, Professor Emeritus of spanish Psychology at the University of Maryland, calls for a complete reconsideration of effect essay the currently sacred right to parent. Noting that adoption agencies screen potential parents, he argues that the state should extend this same process to all prospective parents. Screening and selecting potential parents by no means guarantees that they will in fact be good parents. Yet today we have almost no means of ensuring proper child-rearing methods. The indiscriminate right to parent enables everyone, however ill-equipped, to spanish practice any parental behavior they please. Similarly, Jack Westman, for capacity, many years Professor of Psychiatry at the University of Wisconsin Medical School, suggests that parents should be licensed at different stages of a childs life. The requirement of a license would provide a basis for spanish, eligibility for governmental financial aid and supportive services in order to ensure that public funding supports competent and not incompetent parenting. The requirement of a license would designate parenthood as a privilege for which one is pc world experience, qualified rather than as a right that accompanies the event of childbirth. It would define parenthood realistically as a relationship rather than as a biologically determined state. Make no mistake. These calls for parents to be licensed, radical as they may seem, are the logical extension of other arguments that are now taken for granted in many circles.

The natural family is under sustained attack from advocates of conquest sexual revolution and experience, agents of state power. While all morally sensitive persons should be concerned about cases of parental neglect and abuse, the real agenda behind this movement is the spanish conquest replacement of parental authority with the assessing capacity authority of the state. In reality, the right to procreate remains one of the spanish conquest most significant checks against totalitarianism and the otherwise unrestrained power of the billy elliot movie state. The family has already been stripped of many of its responsibilities and protections. Parents are now threatened by state intrusion and bureaucratic interference. An army of various social workers, educational bureaucrats, and therapeutic specialists insist that they know best and that children should be nurtured, disciplined, instructed, and socialized in accordance with their own worldviews. The idea of requiring a license in order to bear children strikes at the very heart of what it means to be human, and spanish conquest, what it means to be part of the billy human family. Watch this debate closely, for it is gaining steam. I am always glad to hear from readers.

Write me at Follow regular updates on Twitter at Get email updates and alerts. Unsubscribe at any time. Dr. R. Albert Mohler Jr. serves as president of conquest of mexico The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary the effect essay flagship school of the Southern Baptist Convention and spanish conquest of mexico, one of the largest seminaries in the world. Albert Mohler app! Some Thoughts on billy elliot the Reading of Books. As Solomon warned, Of making many books there is no end (Ecc 12:12). There is no way to read everything, and of mexico, not everything deserves to be read. I say that in order to pc world work confront the notion that anyone, anywhere, can master all that could be read with profit. Spanish Conquest Of Mexico? I read a great deal, and a large portion of my waking hours are devoted to capacity reading.

This is How Religious Liberty Dies The New Rules of the Secular Left. The vast high-velocity moral revolution that is reshaping modern cultures at warp speed is leaving almost no aspect of the spanish culture untouched and untransformed. The Religious Liberty vs. Erotic Liberty Religious Liberty is Losing.

Barely five days after The New York Times ran a major news article on the firing of Atlantas fire chief for review paper, his views on homosexuality, Theological Extremism in a Secular Age. This is an edited transcript of The Briefing podcast from spanish conquest of mexico early Thursday morning, January 8, 2015. The war on terror took on a savage new face Get Dr. Mohlers New Book: We Cannot Be Silent. Dr. Mohler helps Christians in their understanding of the underlying issues of this significant cultural shift and how to states gun control face the challenge of spanish believing faithfully, living faithfully, and engaging the culture faithfully in effect essay light of this massive change. Albert Mohler app! Delivered daily to your inbox, this is conquest of mexico, one of the best ways to stay on effect essay top of current events from spanish a Christian worldview perspective.

Search over 5,000 articles, podcasts, blog posts, radio shows, videos, and messages. After House passes 20-week abortion ban, sanctity of human life could hang by a Senate rule While upholding sanctity of life with his vote, PA congressman undermines it in personal life Political hypocrisy on the sanctity of life is not only immoral and humiliating, its deadly. Call with your questions 24 hours a day, 7 days a week: 1-877-505-2058. Dr. Mohler answers select questions in review paper special Ask Anything editions of The Briefing.

Evil points to a necessary moral judgment made by a moral authority greater than we are a transcendent and supernatural moral authority: God. Political hypocrisy on sanctity of life is not only immoral and humiliating, its deadly. #TheBriefing While upholding sanctity of spanish life with his vote, politician undermines it in united personal life. Spanish Conquest? Today on #TheBriefing After House passes 20-week abortion ban, sanctity of pc world work experience life could hang by a Senate rule. #TheBriefing Copyright 2002 2017, R. Albert Mohler, Jr. All rights reserved.

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20 Best And Worst Fonts To Use On Your Resume. Before you even walk into a job interview youve made a first impression on the interviewer. How? Through your resume. According to a study conducted by the job search site, recruiters spend only of mexico, about six seconds scanning a resume.

So its essential that your resume makes a great first impression that it looks professional and well organized. How do you do that? You start by using a resume font people can actually read (that#8217;s what this post is for), then you design a resume that stands out from the accounting rest (here#8217;s how you do that). When you have both these things you go into Canva and design the thing for free in no time (here#8217;s how you upload fonts from this article into Canva and here#8217;s where you go in Canva to start your new resume design right now). Times New Roman is probably the most commonly chosen fonts for resumes the conquest very reason you should avoid it, and why it appears on effect essay, our Worst list. Of Mexico? So if you dont want your resume to look like hundreds of others, youll want to choose something else. And Garamond is a great alternative. A timeless serif typeface like Times New Roman, Garamonds precursors have been in use for around 500 years. The modern version has the effect essay benefit of giving your resume a classic, polished look thats much more interesting that the overused Times New Roman. As a bonus, if youre struggling to condense your resume to one to two pages (which is a good idea), Garamond can help you fit more text on a page without sacrificing readability by spanish conquest of mexico lowering the font size or crowding your design by tightening up the spacing. This simple, sophisticated sans-serif typeface, designed in England in effect essay the 1920s, will give your resume a look that is both classic and modern.

Its used widely in of mexico the UK (across the gun control British Railways system, by the BBC) and elsewhere. You might also notice that Gill Sans is very similar to the custom lettering featured on spanish, the famous, WWII-era Keep Calm and Carry On poster, rediscovered at a British bookstore in 2000 and subsequently popularized with many replicas of the design. Billy Movie? Youll find this font distributed with Mac OS X and some Microsoft software as Gill Sans MT. Cambria, a serif font, is part of a suite of typefaces called the ClearType Font Collection, which has been widely distributed with Microsoft Office programs. These typefaces (Calibri, Cambria, Candara, Consolas, Constantia, and Corbel) were designed specifically to perform well on computer monitors. Conquest Of Mexico? The studio that created Cambria describes it as the new Times New Romandesigned specifically for on-screen reading, while still remaining applicable for print, thanks to its sturdy letter construction that retains legibility even at small sizes. This makes Cambria a good choice for both online and printed resumes. Wikimedia Commons/Hans Hoogglans. Although it has been the default Microsoft Word font since 2007, Calibri is still not used as often as Arial, which landed on our Worst list for that reason. This font has other things going for it, though; professional resume writer Donna Svei points out that typing in Calibri at in a research paper, a 12 pt. Conquest Of Mexico? size will produce around 500 to 750 words, the ideal length of a two-page resume.

Our third and adjusting entries accounting last selection from conquest, Microsofts ClearType Font Collection, Constantias rounder letterforms make it look more friendly and less stuffy than many serif typefaces. Its also suitable for use both on-screen and in printed documents, making it useful for when you need to distribute your resume in pc world work both digital and hard copy form. Originally designed for corporate use, Lato is sans-serif font created to look neutral in body copy but have some unique traits at of mexico, larger sizes. The fonts designer describes Lato as serious but friendly perfect for review in a research resumes. It comes in a wide range of weights and styles, though the hairline, thin, and light weights will be too hard to see at spanish of mexico, small sizes. Its available for download (free for both personal and commercial use) and for elliot web use on Google Fonts. Didot is a distinctive serif font with an upscale look (perhaps a product of its Parisian roots). Spanish? This classy typeface can lend some style to your resume and seems to be particularly popular for industries like fashion and photography.

However, its delicate serifs display most clearly at larger sizes, so youll do best saving Didot for headings rather than body copy. United? Wikimedia Commons/Pierre Rudloff. This Swiss sans-serif typeface is considered by many designers and typographers to be the spanish conquest of mexico king of fonts. It even has its own self-titled documentary film. Thanks to its modern, clean lines and exceptional clarity, Helvetica is united, widely used in spanish of mexico everything from movie, major corporate logos (BMW, American Airlines, Microsoft) to conquest of mexico New York Citys subway signs. To give your resume a clean and accounting contemporary look thats still professional, try Helvetica. Spanish Conquest? Its included with Mac operating systems, but if youre wanting to use it with Windows, youll have to billy elliot purchase it. Georgia is spanish of mexico, another alternative to Times New Roman. This serif font has letterforms with thicker strokes that make it easy to read even at small sizes. Plus, because it was created specifically for clarity on united gun control, computer monitors, it looks great viewed on any digital document, such as if youre sending your resume as a PDF. This versatile sans-serif font has a very clean, crisp appearance that will give any resume an updated look.

It has multiple weights that you can use to differentiate the various sections and features of your resume, but you should probably avoid the book and spanish conquest light weights, as well as any condensed versions they can be hard to billy movie read. Avenir Next is another good option; it was released as a follow-up to Avenir to conquest of mexico improve the fonts on-screen display capabilities. Effect Essay? Dribbble/Mario Leo Fasolo. Of Mexico? Surprised this one is on the list? Theres nothing wrong with the font in itself, its just that it has been (over)used and abused. Since everyone else is using it on their resumes, yours wont stand out. Plus, Times New Roman is hard to read at very small sizes and doesnt display particularly well on screens.

Like Gill Sans on our Best list, Futura was created in the 1920s. Except this sans-serif typeface was designed in research Germany and is more geometric in spanish conquest form. Although its a clean, attractive font, the overall appearance is assessing, somewhat stylized and spanish atypical. With quirks like unusually tall lowercase letters and a jarring contrast between sharp and round letter shapes, Futura leans more toward decorative and interesting (a.k.a, a display font, meant to pc world be used sparingly) than practical for text-heavy documents like resumes. In the conquest of mexico overused category, Arial is Times New Romans sans-serif equivalent. Using a font thats so common (and, some would say, boring) may be perceived as a lazy choice not putting much thought or effort into literature in a paper your resume. Plus, Arial is basically an adaptation of Helvetica thats a little looser and more irregular in its construction. Conquest? Theres nothing wrong with conventional fonts, but there are better sans-serif choices out assessing capacity there than Arial. Designed to replicate the look of a typewriter and later adapted for conquest use on actual electric typewriters, this font makes it look like you guessed it you typed your resume on a typewriter. Effect Essay? Which you didnt unless you havent updated your resume in 30 some-odd years.

Plus, because this is a monospaced typeface (every letter is of mexico, spaced equally, as opposed to most other proportionally spaced fonts) it can look a little unnatural, particularly for whole pages of assessing text. Tempted to put your name at the top of your resume in a script that looks like handwriting to give it a little personality? Dont do it! And especially dont use Brush Script, which has been so overused that it now looks cheap and dated rather than retro and nostalgic (it was designed in 1942). While certain creative industries will offer some leeway in of mexico playing with the appearance of your resume, when in doubt, its always a safe bet to stick to conservative font choices (which means no scripts or other display fonts).

Unless youve been living under a rock for pc world work experience the past several years, youll know that using Comic Sans is considered the of mexico cardinal sin of font choices. It was created in 1994 to work experience replicate the look of comic book speech bubbles, and thats about all its appropriate for. Spanish Conquest Of Mexico? The casual, almost childish look of the font makes it distracting in any serious context. And in case youre wondering why anyone would use Comic Sans on elliot, a resume, according to this manager, it does happen. Just remember: its a good rule of thumb to stay far away from any font that might possibly come across as fun, flowery, flashy, or funky. Century Gothic has a sleek, modern look, but its probably a little too irregular for resumes. Additionally, the thin letters of this fonts regular weight can be hard to read, particularly at small sizes. Theres really no good reason anyone should want to use this on a resume, but people seem to like it. So if youre tempted to conquest give your resume an adventurous or exotic air with Papyrus, resist. This font is so cliche (probably second only to Comic Sans) that is has become something of a joke Fast Co. Pc World Work Experience? Design puts it this way: as everyone who has written a school project over the last decade will tell you, Papyrus is the spanish of mexico font you use to spell out the word #8220;Egypt.#8221;

Want to make a bold, confident impression with your resume? You dont need a bold, heavy font to do it. Impact is effect essay, most likely intended for conquest use in all caps for headlines, but because it includes lowercase letters, people are sure to use it for body copy, where its almost impossible to read. Yes, Trajan Pro has a dignified, important feel, but it would be more appropriate etched into stone than typed on assessing, your resume. Thats because the typeface was inspired by the letterforms carved into Trajans Column, a monument dedicated to the Roman emperor of the same name. The font only has capital letters and small caps (no lowercase option), which makes it unsuitable for spanish of mexico typing out readable sentences on your resume. Effect Essay? So its probably a good idea to leave Trajan to spanish conquest the movie posters (more than 400 of them), particularly those starring Russell Crowe.

For resumes, a font size of 10 to 12 pt. (depending on the particular font, but no smaller than that) is standard. Larger sizes are acceptable for headings or subheadings. Remember that everyone viewing your resume on a computer will have different fonts installed, and you dont want your carefully chosen typeface automatically replaced with a substitute that messes up the documents appearance and formatting. Thats why its a good idea to always save and send your resume as a PDF, which preserves the original appearance (unlike a MS Word document). Do you have a favorite (or least favorite) font for resumes? Share in literature review in a the comments below. Bring great design to your entire workplace. Janie is a freelance writer and of mexico graphic designer and the owner of Design Artistree Creative Studio.

After college, she built on her background in billy elliot art to explore design. and loved it. Conquest? Now, she enjoys finding ways to combine the craftsmanship of traditional fine arts with the digital possibilities of graphic design. Build Your Brand: How to Choose The Right Fonts. Entries Accounting? 60 Free Sans Serif Fonts to of mexico Give Your Designs a Modern . 60 Free Serif Fonts to assessing capacity Give Your Designs a Traditional . 60 Free Calligraphy Fonts to Bring Charm to spanish conquest Your Design. Elliot? 60 Free Outline Icon Sets Perfect for spanish of mexico Contemporary Desi. 60 Free Fonts for experience Minimalist Designs. 50 Free Headline Fonts Built For Impact And Audience En. 50 Beautiful Free Wallpapers For Creatives [2015 Editio. 50 Design Terms Explained Simply For Non-Designers.

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Reflective essay to spanish conquest of mexico, discuss the nursing process and how it was applied in the clinical area in wh_0. Reflective Essay to Discuss the Nursing Process and how it was Applied in the Clinical Area in which I was Placed. This is a reflective essay to demonstrate the nursing process and how it was applied in. The clinical area in which I was placed. Atkinson et al (1983, p2) describes The. nursing process is a system of literature in a, planning the delivery of nursing care, consisting of four. steps: Assessment, Planning, Implementation and Evaluation. This is a client. focused assignment; therefore I will choose a client whom I have participated in. providing nursing care for.

I will discuss the conquest of mexico, nursing process, how it was applied and. the context in which it was done. I will use reflection to compare my findings to how. literature states it should be done. I plan to in a paper, show an conquest, understanding of holistic care and. how it is used in each stage of the nursing process.

Holistic care is an. approach to healthcare which treats the individual as a whole person in states gun control, relation to. their needs (Hinchliff et al, 1998). In order to maintain confidentiality I have provided my client with a pseudonym. I based this assignment on Mary, who is spanish conquest of mexico a 72 year old lady and suffers with. osteoarthritis which is a degenerative disorder in bone and cartilage (Hinchliff et al, 1996). Adjusting! She had fallen at home and was presented at the Accident and spanish conquest of mexico Emergency. department by emergency services. After a short stay on Medical Assessment she.

was transferred to the unit for united states gun control, rehabilitation following her fall. Spanish! I spent seven weeks. on a large intermediate care ward. The ward is nurse led with very little medical. intervention. Gun Control! The NSF for Older People (2001 p.3) defines intermediate care to.

provide integrated services to promote faster recovery from illness, prevent. unnecessary acute hospital admissions, support timely discharge and maximise. independent living. There is a great deal of input from a large team including. physiotherapists, occupational therapists, social workers as well as nurses. Initially an.

assessment is made through Intermediate Care Assessment Team (ICAT) in order to. find whether clients meet criteria to be accepted on this particular unit. Its aim is to. provide a multi-agency, integrated service approach to meeting the needs of. vulnerable older people who have complex health and social care needs. ICAT. follows up referrals from both acute and community settings and assessments are. made relating to spanish of mexico, clients physical, social and effect essay mental health. Clients on the unit will be. over 65 years and live within the trust area. They will be medically fit for discharge.

from acute settings, although must have needs which affect their activities of living. (ALs). The unit uses Roper-Logan-Tierneys (1996) Activities of spanish conquest, Living model as a. basis for review in a research paper, assessing and identifying needs. Mosbys Nurses Pocket Dictionary defines assessment as An appraisal or judgement. made about one particular situation or circumstances, A stage of the nursing process. involving the spanish, collection of literature review, information and conquest data relating to patients and their. healthcare needs (Mosby 2002, p.31). Effect Essay! Why do we assess?

The purpose of. assessment is manifold but is essentially undertaken to spanish conquest of mexico, identify risk and elliot highlight. problem areas in order to provide a platform for possible future intervention. (Hinchcliffe et al, 1998). After the decision was made by ICAT and Mary came to the. ward, I participated in her admission process. As per spanish, trust policy I collected the. relevant data collection documents and produced Marys folder ensuring each. document was in the correct order.

My mentor and I referred to billy, the clients case notes. which contained past medical history, investigations and doctors notes etc. We. transferred information from recent documents, such as full name, date of birth, address and next of kin. Under supervision of my mentor I was instructed to of mexico, gather.

information by assessing Mary based on documents which made her personal file. Both myself and my mentor introduced ourselves to Mary who was sitting at her bed. side in a cubicle. In an effect essay, attempt to conquest, establish a therapeutic relationship with my client I. firstly orientated her with new surroundings such as visiting times, lounge, dining. areas. Involvement and billy relationship with another is both necessary for the enactment. of orientation and development of the therapeutic relationship (Glasser, 1965, cited by. Perry et al, 1991). Using an informal manner I went through each part of the. assessment. I used skills in observation, open ended questions and conquest of mexico listening in an.

attempt to retrieve as much information possible, particularly in Activities of adjusting accounting, Living. This helped to build a composite picture of my client and allowed her to introduce. new facts that might be pertinent. The questions posed by assessing in the. individuality component of the model (such as how, how often, why and when) furnished information not only about the way in which the person carried out each. activity of living but also the spanish of mexico, knowledge and beliefs she held about it (Newton, 1991). I carried on assessing weight, nutrition, and physiological observations. Due to the. nature of the ward the new single assessment process has recently been introduced.

DoH (2002a) states that single assessment will provide better and more efficient. access to cares services. It will minimise duplication of assessments by agencies and. save older people from having to repeat their personal details and needs to a range of. professionals. On gathering individualised data, it then must be interpreted. The needs.

identified were specifically related to mobility and pain, both of which affect ALs. Strengths identified such as family support are also a valuable resource when. proceeding through the next stage of the nursing process which is care planning. This stage of the nursing process is to develop a plan of care and determine what. approach should be used to help with identified problems. During the adjusting accounting, planning phase, the nurse applies the skill of problem solving and decision making.

Setting priorities, writing goals and planning nursing actions also make up this phase (Atkinson et al, 1983). Conquest Of Mexico! The ward held a care plan file, which held care plans for a range of different. problems. These could be used as a guide and had to be individualised relating to assessing, each. specific client and their needs. On reflection, I felt this was a good idea, particularly. for myself as a student to refer to, however it could present an opportunity for care. plans to become less individualised should they be used incorrectly, which.

consequently, could have an adverse effect and defeat its objective. Archibald (2000) explains that Nursing models have been used to provide systematic care delivery. stemming from a desire to organise care coherently, enabling the conquest of mexico, plan of care to be. used and continued by others. He goes on states gun control, to suggest that since the introduction of. models, nursing practice has become more patient centred and holistic.

Daws (1998) agrees that the nursing care plans play a vital role in promoting a holistic and. individualised approach to care delivery and providing an essential tool for. documenting needs and of mexico preferences. With reference to Mary, goals were set to. increase mobility, increase confidence in effect essay, mobilising and to reduce pain caused by. osteoarthritis. Due to the nature of this ward care plans usually determine discharge.

outcomes. Targets are set for a maximum rehabilitation period of 28 days. Reasons for. this are due to the fact that patients are not acutely ill and need very little medical. attention. Conquest Of Mexico! Instead, they have a great deal of input from physiotherapists, occupational.

therapists who work closely with clients both individually and in small groups. Newton (1996 p.29) states Goals of Nursing care must be realistic and billy elliot achievable. and reflect the patients goals for living, so they must be set in close partnership with. the patient and based on assessment of the individuals ALs and on the nursing. knowledge associated with them. The care plan is initially implemented by conquest, nursing. staff who will also take into account client centred outcomes. Work! The easy care (single. assessment) document allows the client to say what they would like to achieve.

All. key players will acknowledge care plans at some point, therefore they must have easy. access to the information they need, laws and spanish of mexico standards mandate that care plans be. specific, clear and assessing capacity legible (Alfaro-LeFevre, 1998). In order to keep Mary involved in. her care, goals were agreed with her. This is to ensure patient autonomy but also to. give Mary a clear picture of what will be expected of her during her rehabilitation. period. It was established that the goal set for pain was highly prioritised and spanish so. analgesia was reviewed by a doctor.

This ensured Mary could proceed concentrating. on client centred outcomes. The Oxford Dictionary for effect essay, Nurses (1998, p.313) defines implementation as the stage. of the nursing process in which the patients individual care plan is utilized and. executed, in collaboration with other members of the healthcare team . Conquest! Hand over.

was a good source of information used in order to find whether the care being given is. right for the patient. The ward used pre written handover sheets which were kept. updated by the ward clerk, this allowed more time to write important details in a short. space of time. Sometimes nurses do not have enough time to effect essay, read charts and spanish of mexico look up. common problems during their shift.

When you have time to prepare for the shift, you. feel more confident, more competent and can begin giving care in a timely fashion. (Alfero-LeFevre, 1998). With reference to Mary care was continued to be monitored. and assessed, this mostly happened via handovers but also from every patient. encounter. I would see this as an opportunity to assess both physical and mental.

health, I found that myself as a student could make a valuable contribution to the care. being given. All care was documented and signed and movie Marys assessment/care plan. file was kept at the foot of the bed. All of the contents are legal documents and conquest can be. referred to by health professionals who participate in the care being given but can also. be viewed by Mary and her family. Pc World! DoH highlights this within the essence of care. document (benchmarks for record keeping) (2001, p.3) stating that patients are able. to access all their current records if and when they choose to in a format that meets.

their needs. It is safe to say that the stages in the nursing process are not in complete. isolation from each other, I found from observing care given that each stage overlaps. the next. It is at this stage that clear direction is given about what is to spanish of mexico, be done for the. client and by whom it should be done. Pc World Work Experience! Since the spanish, entire MDT was based in the same. unit, the communication was excellent.

This ensured a timely advantage for patients. and for tasks to be delegated to the correct healthcare professional. Handovers were. essential tools in this phase as information could be exchanged between nursing staff. and the pc world, rest of the MDT, and further strengths and weaknesses could be highlighted. Tasks were allocated to each member of the team on specific days at spanish of mexico, specific times. The patient was also kept well informed of capacity, their care via a board in her room which. gave the days and spanish conquest times and states gun control activities to be held. All input from therapy staff was. documented by spanish conquest of mexico, form of report and handed over to nurses on completion.

Weekly. MDT meetings were held, which allowed the team as a whole to discuss plans of care. At this point social workers are updated relating to their area of care and look into the. possibility of services post discharge. Capacity! Mary was kept updated of this information. which can only be implemented on her consent.

This is the final stage in the nursing process, which occurs continuously while. providing care. Evaluation refers to goals which were set, any reassessment and. documentation relating to specific goals. In Marys case this was her care plans. Therefore the questions would be asked: Is the client in pain? How well does the. client mobilise? Is the client confident in mobilising alone? This phase also involved. re-assessing Mary in relation to ALs, and so by using the Roper, Logan and Tierney.

(1996) model, a staff nurse updated this information by explaining the process to my. client and asking her views on each topic relating to spanish of mexico, ALs. Tierney (1998) suggests. that this particular model is positively balanced, and has been one of the most popular. in the United Kingdom. Wimpenny (2001) agrees stating It is certainly the literature, best.

known and most widely used model in this country. Generally the model had worked. well as a basis for spanish conquest, Marys care planning, and proved in the evaluation stage that. progress was made and the model was excellent in relation to most physical and capacity social. aspects of spanish of mexico, care. It was documented and assessing capacity handed over that my client had appeared to. have progressed in all that was set. Newton (1991, p.181) confirms this by spanish conquest, stating. Value is also placed on observablee behaviour as an indication of the need for.

nursing and effect essay the basis of evaluation of the effects of conquest of mexico, nursing. On reflection, I found. that the care plans were maintained well. The intervention of therapy staff and their. role in meeting the specific goals was a key factor in Marys progression. At this point. and in order to encourage a timely discharge my client and her family were informed.

of a home visit. This would prove to the MDT whether her progression in literature research, hospital. reflected on conquest of mexico, her own living environment, therefore determining an expected discharge. date and which services/equipment if any are needed to ensure the discharge is safe. Archibald (2000) believes evaluation should take place in collaboration with the. patient and family. This happened on the unit via progress reports or case conference.

which were organised by members of the MDT in a private setting and family were. welcomed to be involved on consent of the work experience, client. The evaluation of care was fully. documented by the nurse and the MDT agreed that goals had been met. Therefore the. plans were discontinued as it had been established how my client would manage at.

home and the only risks identified were eliviated by equipment provided by. occupational therapy. After a discharge date was set the nurse made appropriate. arrangements for transport via an ambulance and spanish conquest liaised with a family member in. order ensure a safe arrival at home.

As both care giver and observer, I found that the pc world, care planned matched the spanish conquest of mexico, care given. Collaboration between the Multidisciplinary Team and working closely with patient. and family enabled outcomes to be achieved. This experience has taught me the. importance of holistic care in literature review in a research paper, relation to the nursing process and how an effective. therapeutic relationship between patient and healthcare professional allows more. information to be retrieved, thus creating a more precise and individualised care plan.

To care for conquest of mexico, a person holistically requires ongoing assessments utilizing knowledge, attitudes and skills. Improving assessments and patient involvement in care is. highlighted in the essence of care document (DoH, 2001b). The fact that the MDT. were based within the work, same unit allowed a more timely advantage for both patient and. staff , allowed maximum communication to all concerned and of mexico worked well in relation. to discharge planning. My client had commented how she enjoyed the effect essay, 4 weeks on the. ward. I think that the spanish of mexico, social aspect of the ward helped a great deal. Mary was.

encouraged by literature review in a, the whole team and maintained as much independence possible. throughout her stay. Spanish! I have benefited as a result of this placement, as it has taught me. the importance of the nursing process. I have become more efficient in entries, collecting. information from the spanish conquest, client and utilising it appropriately in effect essay, order to care for the client.

in a holistic way. Archibald, G (2000). A Post Modern Nursing Model. Spanish Conquest Of Mexico! Nursing Standard . Vol 14 (34) p40-42. Alfero-Lefevre, R (1998) Nursing Process: A Step by Step Guide . 4 th Edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott. Arnold, A. (1991) . Nursing : A Knowledge Base for Practice, London: Hodder Stoughton. Atkinson D and Murray M. (1983) Understanding the Nursing Process.

New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. Daws, J. (1998). An Enquiry into Attitudes of Qualified Nursing Staff towards the effect essay, Use of Individualised Nursing Care Plans as a Teaching Tool. Spanish Conquest! Journal of Advanced Nursing 13:134-146. Department of Health (2001) Single assessment process , http:// SocialCare/SingleAssessmentProcess. Department of Health. (2002a ) Essence of Care : Patient Focused Benchmarks for Clinical Governance . London: Department of Health, Department of elliot, Health (2002b) National Service Framework for Older People: Intermediate Care: Moving Forward . London: Department of Health. Glasser, W. (1965) Reality Therapy . New York: Harper Row, Hinchliff, S. Norman, S and Schober J. (1998) Nursing Practice and conquest of mexico Healthcare: A Foundation Text , 3rd Edition.

London: Arnold Publishers Ltd. Hinchliff, S., Montague, S and united states Watson, R. Spanish Of Mexico! (1996) Physiology for Nursing Practice, 2 nd Edition. Billy Elliot! London: Balliere Tindall, Mosbys Nurses Pocket Dictionary. (2002), 32 nd Edition. London: Mosby, Newton, C. (1991) The Roper-Logan-Tierney: Model in Action. Basingstoke: Palgrave M c Millan. Nursing and Midwifery Council (2002) Code of Professional Conduct . Spanish Conquest Of Mexico! London: Nursing and Midwifery Council. Oxford Minidictionary for Nurses (1998), 4th Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Roper, L. Logan, W and Tierney, A. Research! (1996) The Elements of of mexico, Nursing 4 th Edition. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone. Tierney, A.J. Billy Movie! (1998) Nursing Models:Extant or Extinct? Journal of Advanced Nursing. Vol 28 (1) p77-85. Wimpenny (2002) The Meaning of Models of Nursing to spanish of mexico, Practising Nurses . Pc World Work Experience! Journal of Advanced Nursing. Vol 40 (3) p346-354. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Coursework essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question?

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