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Nov 16, 2017 Druids: Human Savages or Powerful Minds? Essay,

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How to Write a Summary, Analysis, and Druids: or Powerful Minds? Essay, Response Essay Paper With Examples. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. A summary is telling the main ideas of the article in your own words. These are the steps to economies writing a great summary:

Read the article, one paragraph at a time. For each paragraph, underline the main idea sentence (topic sentence). If you can't underline the book, write that sentence on your computer or a piece of paper. When you finish the article, read all the underlined sentences. In your own words, write down one sentence that conveys the main idea. Start the sentence using the name of the author and title of the article (see format below).

Continue writing your summary by writing the other underlined sentences in your own words. Remember that you need to change both the words of the sentence and Savages Essay, the word order. For more information, see video below. Don't forget to use transition words to link your sentences together. See my list of transition words below to help you write your summary more effectively and make it more interesting to read. Make sure you include the name of the author and article and use author tags (see list below) to let the reader know you are talking about what the author said and not your own ideas. Re-read your piece. Does it flow well? Are there too many details? Not enough? Your summary should be as short and concise as possible.

Author Tag : You need to start your summary by telling the name of the article and on Industrial, the author. Here are three examples of or Powerful Minds?, how to do that (pay close attention to the punctuation): In How the Essay Civil War Began, historian John Jones explains. John Jones, in his article How the Civil War Began, says that the real reason. How the Druids: Human Savages Essay Civil War Began, by vii consolidate his power, historian John Jones, describes. First Sentence: Along with including the or Powerful Minds? article's title and The Italian of The, author's name, the first sentence should be the main point of the article. It should answer the question: What is this essay about? (thesis). Example: In How the Civil War Began by John Jones, the author argues that the Human Savages Minds? real reason for how to page paper in one the start of the Civil War was not slavery, as many believe, but was instead the clash of cultures and Druids: Human Savages or Powerful, greed for cash. Rest of Stalin and the Revolutionary Movement, Summary: The rest of your essay is going to give the reasons and Druids: Human Savages or Powerful Essay, evidence for that main statement.

In other words, what is the main point the writer is of The Essay, trying to make and what are the supporting ideas he or she uses to prove it? Does the Druids: Savages or Powerful Minds? Essay author bring up any opposing ideas, and economies definition, if so, what does he or she do to refute them? Here is a sample sort of sentence: ___________ is the Druids: or Powerful Minds? issue addressed in ( article's title) by ( author's name) . How Did Vii Consolidate? The thesis of this essay is ___________ . The authors main claim is ___________ and his/her sub claim is ___________ . The author argues ___________ . Other people argue ___________ . The author refutes these ideas by saying ___________ . His/her conclusion is ___________ . How Often Do You Mention the Savages Minds? Author? While you don't have to on Industrial use an author tag in every sentence, you need to be clear when you are giving ideas that are taken from the article, and when you are saying your own ideas. Human Or Powerful Minds? Essay? In general, you want to be sure that you always use the author's name and the article title when you start summarizing, and that you use the author's last name in the last sentence as well to Essay about Biography and the Revolutionary Movement make it clear you are still talking about the Druids: Essay author's ideas. In a research paper, you would then put a parenthetical citation or footnote, which tells the reader you are finished using that source.

Men and Women in Conversation: Example response essay to Deborah Tannen's article about how divorce can be prevented if people learn the The Italian Love of The Dramatic communication signals of the opposite Druids: Savages or Powerful Essay gender. Response Essay about Getting a Tattoo: Responds to Love of The a personal experience article from the New York Times about Druids: Human or Powerful Essay, a man who gets a dragon tattoo. The Year that Changed Everything: Sample paper written by a college English class about an article by vii consolidate his power, Lance Morrow suggesting that three lesser-known events of 1948 had a great impact on history. How is this written? Who is the audience? Is it effectively written for that audience? If you've done a literary analysis, you can apply what you know about Druids: Human Savages or Powerful Minds? Essay, analyzing literature to Essay Biography Stalin and the Revolutionary analyzing other texts. You will want to consider what is effective and ineffective. You will analyze what the author does that works and what doesn't work to support the author's point and Druids: Human Essay, persuade the audience to agree.

Sometimes, especially when you're just getting started writing, the task of fitting a huge topic into an essay may feel daunting and you may not know where to start. It may help you to use a thing called TRACE when talking about the rhetorical situation. TRACE stands for Text, Reader, Author, Context, and Exigence: Text , Reader , and Essay, Author are easy to understand. When writing the analysis, you need to think about what kind of Druids: or Powerful Essay, text it is and what the mixed economies author wanted to have the audience think, do, or believe. The main question your analysis will answer is, How effective was the author at convincing that particular audience? Context means several things: how the article fits into the history of discussion of Human or Powerful Minds? Essay, that issue, the historical moment in time when the article is written, and the moment in time when a person reads the article. In this context, Exigence is synonymous with assumptions, bias, or worldview. Breaking the large idea down into these five parts may help you get started and organize your ideas. In your paper, you'll probably want to address from three to all five of how to a 10 page paper in one, these elements. Each of the following elements can be one paragraph of Druids: or Powerful Minds? Essay, your analysis.

You can answer the questions to help you generate ideas for each paragraph. To make it easier, I've included the last two TRACE elements (Context and Exigence) as part of Author and Reader. How is the essay organized? What is effective or ineffective about the organization of the essay? How does the author try to interest the reader?

How well does the author explain the main claims? Are these arguments logical? Do the support and evidence seem adequate? Is the support convincing to the reader? Does the evidence actually prove the point the author is trying to Essay about Revolutionary Movement make?

Who is the or Powerful Minds? Essay author? What does he or she know about this subject? What is the author's bias? Is the bias openly admitted? Does that make his or her argument more or less believable? Does the author's knowledge and background make her or him reliable for Baroque’s Love this audience? How does the author try to relate to Druids: or Powerful Minds? Essay the audience and An Unconventional Fairy Essay, establish common ground? Is it effective?

How does the author interest the audience? Does she or he make the reader want to Druids: Essay know more? Does the how to a 10 paper night author explain enough about the history of this argument? Is anything left out? Who is the reader? How would they react to these arguments? How is this essay effective or ineffective for this audience? What constraints (prejudices or perspectives) would make this reader able to hear or not hear certain arguments? What is the exigence (events in this moment in Human Savages or Powerful Essay, time which affect the need for this conversation) that makes the audience interested in this issue? Michael Critchton's Let's Stop Scaring Ourselves argues that we are overdoing caution and a 10 page paper, fear.

See my Sample Reading Response to this essay and also check out Human or Powerful Minds?, Lisa Rayner and about Stalin Revolutionary Movement, Don Fraizier's response. Text : Analyzing the text is very much like doing literary analysis, which many students have done before. Use all of your tools of Druids: Human, literary analysis, including looking at the metaphors, rhythm of sentences, construction of arguments, tone, style, and use of language. Example: The organization of essay title is mixed definition, effective/ineffective because ___________ . The essay's opening causes the reader to ___________ . The essay's style is ___________ and the tone is shown by ___________ . The language used is___________ . Or Powerful Minds? Essay? The essay's argument is constructed logically/illogically by ___________. The essay is organized by ___________ ( give a very brief description of the structure of the essay, perhaps telling where the description of the problem is, where claims are made, and where support is locatedin which paragraphsand why this is effective or ineffective in proving the point ).

Author: Youve probably also analyzed how the authors life affects his or her writing. You can do the same for this sort of analysis. Essay? For example, in Druids: or Powerful Minds?, my sample reading the response about Michael Crichton's Let's Stop Scaring Ourselves article, students noted that the fact that Crichton is the author of doomsday thrillers like Andromeda Strain and Jurassic Park makes his argument that we shouldn't pay much attention to current doomsday scenarios like global warming rather ironic. If you don't know anything about the author, you can always do a quick Google Search to The Italian Baroque’s Love of The find out. Druids: Savages? Sample format: The author establishes his/her authority by The Italian Baroque’s Love of The Essay, ___________ . The author's bias is shown in ___________ . The author assumes an audience who ___________ . He/She establishes common ground with the Druids: Human Savages Minds? audience by ___________ . Reader: You can write this section by inferring who the how did henry his power intended reader is, as well as looking at the text from the viewpoint of other sorts of Human Savages or Powerful Minds?, readers. For example, Readers are interested in this issue because of the exigence of ___________. About Stalin And The Revolutionary Movement? Constraints on the reader's reaction are ___________.

I think the Druids: Human or Powerful reader would react to this argument by ___________. I think that the author's ___________ is effective. ___________ is less effective because ___________ includes ___________. On Industrial Relations? The support is adequate/inadequate and is relevant/irrelevant to Druids: Savages Minds? Essay the authors claim. What do you think? Does this article persuade you? Generally, your response will be the on Industrial end of your essay, but you may include your response throughout the paper as you select what to summarize and analyze. Druids: Savages Or Powerful Essay? Your response will also be evident to the reader by the tone that you use and the words you select to Essay Relations talk about the article and writer. Druids: Savages Essay? However, your response in the conclusion will be more direct and specific.

It will use the information you have already provided in your summary and analysis to explain how you feel about An Unconventional Tale, this article. Most of the time, your response will fall into one of the Savages or Powerful Minds? Essay following categories: You will agree with the The Italian Baroque’s of The Essay author and Human Savages Minds?, back your agreement up with logic or personal experience. You will disagree with the author because of Essay on Industrial, your experience or knowledge (although you may have sympathy with the Savages or Powerful Minds? author's position). Love Dramatic? You will agree with part of the author's points and disagree with others. You will agree or disagree with the author but feel that there is a more important or different point which needs to be discussed in addition to what is in the article. How will this article fit into your own paper?

How will you be able to Druids: Savages or Powerful Essay use it? Here are some questions you can answer to help you think about your response: What is your personal reaction to the essay? What common ground do you have with the author? How are your experiences the same or different from the author's and how has your experience influenced your view? What in the essay is new to you?

Do you know of any information the article left out Relations, that is Druids: Savages Minds? Essay, relevant to the topic? What in this essay made you re-think your own view? What does this essay make you think about? What other writing, life experience, or information would help you think about this article? What do you like or dislike about the essay and/or the ideas in the essay? How much of your response is a 10 page paper in one, related to your personal experience?

How much is related to your own worldview? How is this feeling related to the information you know? How will this information be useful for you in writing your own essay? What position does this essay support? Or where might you use this article in your essay? You can use your answers to the questions above to help you formulate your response. Here is Savages Minds?, a sample of how you can put this together into your own essay (for more sample essays, see the links above): Before reading this article, my understanding of economies definition, this topic was ___________. Druids: Human Savages Minds?? In my own experience, I have found ___________ and because of Essay about Biography of Joseph and the Movement, this, my reaction to this essay is ___________.

Interestingly, I have ___________ as common ground with the author/audience . What was new to me is ___________. This essay makes me think ___________. I like/dislike ___________ in the essay. I will use this article in my research essay for ___________. Summary Analysis Response to Men and Women in Conversation. by Virginia Kearney 7. Summary, Analysis, Response Essay Example. by Virginia Kearney 0. Reading Response Sample Paper on Why We Crave Horror Movies by Virginia Kearney 6. 100 Easy Causal Analysis Essay Topics.

by Virginia Kearney 10. 100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 37. How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by Laura Writes 40. Virginia Kearney 2 weeks ago from United States. Hi Cathy, I tell my students that you want to Human or Powerful Minds? Essay include the examples you need to make your point clear, but you don't want to summarize everything. Hello, Thank you so much for your guide.

Is it necessary to include the Essay about Biography Revolutionary Movement author's examples in an analytical argumentative essay? Virginia Kearney 6 weeks ago from United States. Rodsy, I'm so glad that this has helped you. Druids: Human Or Powerful Minds? Essay? I hope you will continue to use my other guides and how to write, sample papers to complete your other projects. Rodsy Karim Taseen 6 weeks ago. Thank you so much for making it easy. Now I along with my group members can complete our assignment on Druids: Savages or Powerful Essay writing summary on different research papers, based on the filed of International Business. Thank you so much! I really appreciate the effort put into how did his power, your work. Human Essay? :) this will really help me now and in future.

Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States. Hi, Chloe! It would depend in part what sort of assignment you've been given. Generally, in The Italian Love of The Dramatic Essay, doing a summary, you do not need to put the information exactly in Druids: Human, the same order as the original paper. The important thing in The Italian of The, summarizing is Druids: Human Savages or Powerful Minds?, that you actually understand the information clearly enough that you can put it into write a 10 page in one night, your own words. Druids: Human Savages Essay? I'm guessing that with the title, the article has a number of reasons why we should allow the drugs.

If the reasons can be grouped, into economies definition, 3-4 types of reasons, that would be your best organization technique. Savages Or Powerful? For example, I can image that the reasons to allow performance enhancing drugs are probably: We can't prevent athletes from getting around the mixed rules. We have better athletic contests if we allow drugs. We don't have the right to tell athletes what they are doing with their own bodies. I'm not sure what your article says, but I'm guessing that you could group the Savages or Powerful reasons around a few themes and organize your summary that way. hi there, i am doing a science report on Why we should allow performance enhancing drugs in Essay Relations, sport and the article has 12 subheadings and i am supposed to summarize all of them. What structure would i put the paragraphs in so it isn't just random information summarizing the subsections, and i have an Human or Powerful Minds? Essay actual format to follow? Thank you :) Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from Essay on Industrial, United States.

Hi, Brad! You are probably needing one of my other articles if you are doing an argumentative essay. When you do an argument, you actually need to have a main claim that you want to persuade your audience to believe. The analysis part of that sort of essay means that you evaluate the pros and cons of other ideas about that claim. I don't use the Human or Powerful Minds? Essay term analytical argumentative essay in my class but I do teach this same idea. I call it persuasive essay, or argument essay and I have several articles that tell you how to write that sort of essay. Look at the links to the side or search for them on Letterpile using my name.

Would this be considered an outline for an analytical Argumentative essay? Virginia Kearney 5 months ago from United States. Hi--If you are doing a summary, analysis, and response, then you do it the same as we've described here except that you would summarize the story and then analyze whether it was told effectively and finally give a response. If you are actually talking about writing a narrative paper about something that happened to vii consolidate his power you, you need to or Powerful Minds? see my article on How to Write a Reflective Essay with Sample Essays. Search for it on how did his power Letterpile or on my profile page. cletusoe12 5 months ago.

How can I write a story of a personal encounter in an accident. In narrative essay. Please can you give me example? Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Hi Mimi--In the response section, you can explain how you are going to use that article in your research paper. You might want to see my article on How to do an Annotated Bibliography, which also includes a sample. Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Glad this is helpful to you Flor. I am not currently doing online tutoring but it is interesting for you to Druids: Human Minds? Essay ask this because I've been considering setting up a website with videos and some live instruction help. what a great way to Essay on Industrial Relations explain you have used here.

Are you interested in doing tutoring online? I would love to Druids: Savages Minds? have the opportunity to be tutor by you. Hello, I am actually working on An Unconventional Essay three articles and my supervisor asked to make a summary including analysis.But what I would like to know how can I show that these three articles are related to my future research paper?how can I analyze them?can you please help me? I love the way this website gives steps and examples. I love how you can distinguish all of this into your on understanding. All of Savages Minds? Essay, this explaining is a great source for anything. You have to love everything about this site. This is the mixed economies best. Virginia Kearney 9 months ago from Druids: Savages, United States. Hi Brianna--If you are doing a summary of an article, then I would do that first. If you are not responding to a particular article, then you should give a summary of the situation around this law and the different sides of the argument.

Then pose a question which is interesting to you. Your response will be more interesting if you go beyond just the idea of whether this is Love of The, good or bad. Here are some ideas: Is this an effective strategy for pro-life groups to Druids: Savages or Powerful Minds? use? Does just raising the issue of mixed, burial change the Druids: Human Savages or Powerful Minds? Essay conversation about abortion? Should women considering abortion have to think about burying their baby? How can I come up with a theme for my response paper. I am responding to the Texas new law that requires burial for aborted fetuses. Any ideas? Virginia Kearney 9 months ago from United States. Thanks for letting me know Seza! This type of essay is not very well explained in many textbooks and that is what led me to write these instructions and ask my students to post examples.

Since I've been using these instructions, I've found my students do a much better job at The Italian Love Essay writing these kinds of essays, which is important because the thinking you do while writing these essays is what prepares you for doing good research. This post has been of great help for me and my friends. Thank you very much. Excellent lesson. It helped me with reviewing summarizing with some of my students who were still having difficulty. I especially liked the chart. However, please change adjective to adverbs.

Thanks for the information. Very good insight on analysis description. I want to thank you for your time and Druids: Savages or Powerful Essay, effort in helping people be all they can be. Keep up the great work. Virginia Kearney 12 months ago from write paper in one night, United States. Thanks Singapore!

I love the fact that what I write and use to teach has helped people all over the world. I'm approaching 8 million views now! Thanks from Singapore! It's for literature :) Virginia Kearney 12 months ago from Savages or Powerful, United States. Thanks Simon! I've done a lot of writing over the years and I enjoy experimenting with different styles. I like the style of mixed economies, your post writing. Druids: Or Powerful Minds? Essay? It's very rare to find something like this. This my second semester in the university and I have to write.

Analysis essay I find your site very helpful for me. Really thank you. Virginia Kearney 16 months ago from Baroque’s Love Dramatic, United States. Hi Ercan! Since I started writing online in 2008, I've been amazed to see people from all over Druids: Essay, the world reading my work and being helped by the information I've developed for my students at henry vii consolidate college here in the United States. Having had students from many other countries in my own classroom, I know that sometimes they have not gotten much instruction from native English speakers. I am glad to Druids: Savages or Powerful Minds? Essay be able to provide help for free to improve student's written English.

Ercan Oztoktay 16 months ago. Thanks so much from turkey. My first time to write a summary of a 4-page research paper, this useful article really helped me, thanks :) I don't know why I should go to school. This is the right place. It's helping me in my English composition 2 class.thank you. Virginia Kearney 22 months ago from United States. Hi Ed, I'm not sure what your instructor means by writing with authority. They may mean they want you to quote reliable, authoritative sources. In speech, we show authority by using declarative sentences which tell people what to do, such as, Be sure you write clear sentences using concrete adjectives and vivid adverbs. Essay On Industrial Relations? I suggest you ask your instructor for some examples of what they want you to do.

Hello Professor Lynne. I have to Druids: Savages Essay write an essay with authority, can you advise me why type of words I can use to An Unconventional Tale show my point? By the way the Human Savages or Powerful topic is dealing Information Technology. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Thanks yakul for your comment. As a writer, I know I am always learning and improving too! Matty Fernandez 2 years ago from Passaic, NJ. I have to turn in a summary page for Critical Thinking. An Unconventional Fairy Tale Essay? You've helped me lots!

Please follow me. Christy Maria 2 years ago. I am a student in University right now and Druids: Savages Minds?, I have to write response papers so often. This article is about Movement, extremely useful for me so im going to make sure to save it and look back on it when I have my next paper due! Thankyou.

Najat 2 years ago from Rottherdam - NL. i like your hub, great sharing, i love the instructions. greeting from Hijama. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from Human Savages or Powerful Minds? Essay, United States. Aesta--glad to know this helped you. My class is structured so that my students have to plan before they write, and then get feedback from Fairy Essay, peers before re-writing.

Many of them don't like that process because they want to get it all done in Druids: Savages, one sitting, but after they have gone through this process for a semester, they begin to realize that stopping to how to in one night organize their thoughts first often means that the writing goes much more quickly. In the end, it takes less time! Mary Norton 2 years ago from Druids: Human or Powerful Minds?, Ontario, Canada. Enjoyed reading your hub as it is really well written and very substantial. I need to how did henry vii consolidate his power digest this information and start applying this in Druids: Essay, my work.

I often just write spontaneously, no outline, and I organize this after. Armed with these questions to ask as I write, maybe I can really put substance into how did henry his power, my random thoughts. Lloyd Jenkins 3 years ago. This was great information, it will help me in my English class this semester. Essay? Organization is key in write a 10 page, writing a good summary and response. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from Human Essay, United States. Organised Kaos--do you really live in Tasmania? That seems like a fairy tale place to me. Of course, as I write that, I realize that the places I've lived, Southern California, Texas and mixed economies, Florida may seem like fairy tale places to people in other parts of the Savages Minds? world! Good luck on your college career. I went back to graduate school after 10 years of working and found that I enjoyed going to An Unconventional Fairy Tale school so very much more than I had when I was younger.

I actually enjoyed the Human Minds? Essay chance to learn things. As a professor, I really enjoy having students like yourself because their life experiences make their writing much more interesting. Actually, that reminds me that last semester I had a student from Australia who was older because he had been a professional Rugby player for several years before coming to the U.S. to go to college and play American football. The whole class enjoyed all of his experiences and I'm sure your classmates will enjoy yours too. Anne 3 years ago from Hobart, Tasmania. Australia.(The little bit broken off the bottom of AUS) Thanks for a great hub. Just about to go back to college after 20 years and am a little nervous about having forgotten this kinda stuff. Will be following you too as I want to be able to refer at a later date, back to your instruction. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. How interesting Maddie--thanks for letting me know.

My husband is a scientist and I love doing technology and science papers with my class in the second semester. I will have to Essay on Industrial think about doing some more topic ideas for science classes. I'm doing this for science. Anarkali Suits 4 years ago. “Words can be like X-rays if you use them properly -- they’ll go through anything. You read and Druids: Human, you’re pierced.” This page is a great method to connect to others. Congratulations on a job well achieved. I am anticipating your next. Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States.

B. Leekley--absolutely! I'm so glad that you recognized that responsive reading doesn't just have to be to An Unconventional Essay texts. Anything that provides us something to think about can be put into a responsive reading. You've reminded me that I need to add my own Hub which responded to a Harvard Study on or Powerful the effect of going to Tale Essay 4th of July celebrations to my links. Brian Leekley 5 years ago from Human or Powerful Minds?, Kalamazoo, Michigan, USA. Thank you for this interesting and helpful hub. I have bookmarked it. I can foresee myself writing hubs that are responses to hubs that argue for a philosophical or political position. Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from how did henry vii consolidate, United States. I'm glad! I'm just now grading my student's Summary, Analysis and Response essays and I'm so pleased that they have really understood how to do this paper.

I'm hoping my directions this semester have been clearer. We did two days of peer editing, which I think helped. This paper is similar to the Reading Response paper, and both of these Hubs are are the very top in number of hits, so I think that many people have trouble on these essays and Human Savages or Powerful, the textbooks don't always describe them well. Many thanks made things a lot simpler for me! Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. johnsdfd--good question. Yes--I should add that to economies definition the hub. You do a bibliographic entry in Druids: Savages or Powerful, either mla or apa style at the top, then the summary/analysis/response is below. htodd 5 years ago from United States. Great post virginialynne..Thanks. Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States.

Glad I helped you nico! My class is mixed definition, just starting on this essay now and so I was looking at my Hubviews and very surprised to find this one had over 3,000! I really published it for Druids: Human Savages my own classes, but the class I'm teaching now is the how did henry vii consolidate his power first one that will use it. Druids: Human Savages Minds? Essay? Guess there are a lot of how did his power, other people out there needing help! Virginia Kearney 6 years ago from Druids: Human Minds? Essay, United States. Thanks! I think that a lot of the instructions given for essays really don't help you know how to Essay organize them. I've actually learned a lot about writing by trying to Human figure out how to write a 10 page teach other people! Rose Clearfield 6 years ago from Savages Minds?, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Well written. How Did Henry His Power? I like how you break everything down. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of Druids: Human Savages, their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc.

HubPages and henry vii consolidate, Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.

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13 helpful email templates you can use while job searching. The one thing we are all likely using in Druids: Human Savages, the job hunt is email. Yet between cover letters, resumes, interviews, and Fairy, networking, it#8217;s easy to underestimate how this tool can help us find great opportunities. Below are a few sample emails to keep handy during your job search. Before jumping in, keep these tips in mind: Good emails are specific, short, and often mention some common ground so the reader is compelled to help out. The email is often the last step in a larger process of doing research, reflecting on what you want, and Druids: Human Savages, planning your overall job search plan. The articles that accompany the examples often give more advice and information on how to reach out and plan more effectively before and after you send the email.

Sometimes the subject line can be more challenging to write than the email itself! While a few of the Baroque’s of The, samples below have subject lines included, Business Insider offers tips for subject lines for general emailing and for Human, job applications. These are just examples; tweak according to position, needs, your personality, and your relationship to the sender. If you need help figuring out your next steps: Ask your friends for insights on your strengths and weaknesses. Baroque’s Of The Dramatic Essay! Here#8217;s what to say, from pop*forms: I am working on improving myself, personally and at work, and you are someone whose opinion I truly value. If you are willing, I would be so appreciative if you would answer some or all of the Druids: Human Minds? Essay, questions below to definition, help me gain some insight into my strengths and the things I do best. I really appreciate it, and Druids: Minds?, would be happy to do the same for you if youd like! What do you think is my greatest strength How would you describe my style What do you think I should let go of economies definition, When do you feel that I am at my best. Druids: Human Savages Essay! If you want to tell your network that you#8217;re looking for new opportunities: Be clear about what you are looking for and your expertise.

Here#8217;s what to say from Jenny Blake: As I dive into the job search across the country , Id love it if you could keep your eyes open for people I could connect with and/or positions that might be a fit for me. Below is a bit about my background and what Im looking for, and you can view my full resume on LinkedIn . These are a few of my ideal scenarios, but if anything related comes to you please keep me in mind! If you want to tell specific people that you#8217;re looking for economies definition, new opportunities: If you have specific people in mind whom you think could be especially helpful in your search, send tailored emails. Druids: Savages Or Powerful! Here#8217;s what to say from the Daily Muse: I hope all is well! I saw the photos of the conference you held last month on how to Facebookit looked like a fantastic event. Im reaching out because Im currently seeking a new position. Druids: Human Or Powerful Essay! As you know, I have been Smith PR for Baroque’s Dramatic, almost three years, but Im ready for a new challenge in the tech PR world. I know that you used to do work for Ogilvy, which is on Human Savages Minds? Essay my short list of dream companies. Fairy Essay! Do you still have any contacts there, and if so, is there someone that might be willing to Human Savages Minds? Essay, do an informational interview with me? Any introductions you could make would be greatly appreciated.

Read the rest of the how to write night, email and the advice on the Daily Muse. They also have a great example of a thank you email to send to people who have offered you advice or information about Human Essay, opportunities. An Unconventional Fairy! If you#8217;re about to submit a job application: Always follow directions and submit your application accordingly. If you are sending all of or Powerful, your materials as an attachment, mention what#8217;s included, position you are applying for, and contact information. Here#8217;s an example from the University of mixed economies, Minnesota: I am a first year law student at the University of Minnesota Law School applying for a summer clerkship with your firm. I have attached the resume, cover letter and transcript that you requested to this email. If you have questions or need more information, you may reach me through the Druids: Human Savages Minds? Essay, phone number or email below. I look forward to hearing from you, If you want to inquire about the status of Love Dramatic, your application: Wait about two weeks before sending a follow up email and demonstrate your interest, not asking for a response, says hiring expert Alison Green.

Here#8217;s what she recommends you say: I recently applied for your __ position, and I just wanted to reiterate my strong interest. I think it might be a great match, and I#8217;d love to talk with you about it when you#8217;re ready to begin scheduling interviews. If you want to say #8220;Thank You#8221; after a job interview: The key here is to reference something that came up specifically in the interview. Druids: Human Savages Or Powerful Minds? Essay! Here#8217;s an example from Berkeley Law School: Thank you for taking the time to meet with me this past Tuesday. After speaking with you and learning more about the structure of Blank, Blank#8217;s summer program, I am even more enthusiastic about the write page in one night, possibility of Minds?, working at Blank, Blank next summer. I particularly enjoyed hearing about your work in An Unconventional Fairy Tale Essay, representing several Latin American companies in trade-related matters. Read the rest of the email and advice from Berkeley Law School.

Also, Career Services at Human Savages Minds?, West Virginia University provides examples of what to say if you want to add more information (say, a sample of your work) or address a question that came up in the interview. If you want to on Industrial, follow up after a job interview: If you haven#8217;t heard from an employer and the interviewer has given you a timeline, Alison Green recommends this email: Hi Jane, youd mentioned that you were hoping to be ready to move forward on the Communications Manager position by the end of the month, so I wanted to check in with you. Im very interested in Druids: Human or Powerful, the role, even more so after our last conversation, and would love to know what your timeline looks like moving forward. LinkedIn is a great place to discover new connections that can help you advance your career. Forbes outlines helpful tips on searching for mutual contacts and crafting a compelling request for an introduction. We met briefly at the Delta Leadership conference last fall, during the round-table discussion. To refresh your memory, I am changing careers, from Tale, being an accountant to being a fashion merchandiser. You were kind enough to give me advice on companies that might appreciate my background.

Since we last spoke, Ive decided it would be helpful to get online clothing company experience. Acme Shoes is one of the Savages or Powerful Essay, companies I admire in the online world and I noticed that you have a first-degree connection to Ellen Jones, a marketing director there. An Unconventional Tale Essay! If you want to introduce yourself to someone new: Sometimes you don#8217;t have a mutual contact on LinkedIn and just need send a cold email. Here#8217;s a template from Alyson Weiss of Minds? Essay, Career Moves, a division of JVS. I hope you are doing well. We are both in the Boston Networking Club, so I was hoping it would be okay if I reached out to how did henry vii consolidate his power, you. Druids: Human Savages Or Powerful Minds? Essay! [Name of HR person] posted a description for a Community Engagement Recruitment opening at your company today on The Italian of The Essay the YNPN list serv that I am really interested in Savages, learning more about. If you want to Essay of Joseph Movement, request an informational interview: Just Jobs has several templates (for various circumstances) that include the characteristics of Savages Minds?, a good informational interview request: short, specific, and mentions some common ground and background info. Im a [your profession]who has worked with [name of economies, warm contact]and Im currently making time to develop my skills and focus on Druids: Minds? whats really important in [profession]when it comes to Essay Biography Stalin, hiring a [professional]for a project. Savages Minds? Essay! Ive had a look through your website and especially enjoyed the [whatever]. Id love the opportunity to page paper in one, spend 20 mins with you to discuss your decision making process with regards to [professionals]and what your expectations are when working with them.

If you want to thank a new contact or to someone who has helped you: And you should! However, in addition to showing gratitude, you can continue to keep in touch by being helpful and Savages or Powerful Minds?, showing how their advice has helped you. Essay Relations! Here#8217;s a sample of one out of three emails you should send, from Ramit Sethi of Druids: Human Savages or Powerful, I Will Teach You to Be Rich: Just wanted to thank you again for meeting with me earlier. Im definitely going to get in touch with Susan like you recommended. Ill keep you in The Italian, the loop, and of course, please let me know if theres anything I can do to Human Savages or Powerful, repay the favor! If you want someone to recommend you on Tale LinkedIn: It never hurts to have people sing your praises in public! Ask someone to write a recommendation for you on LinkedIn.

Here#8217;s what Indie Business Network recommends: I hope this message finds you well. It was great seeing you at the networking event last week! As we discussed, one of the things I am doing is Human Minds?, creating new ways for my prospective customers to quickly see how I can serve them. Since you were so pleased with the consultation we had a while back about your business, I am hoping that you would be so kind as to write a LinkedIn recommendation about my business expertise that I can share with others. If you need someone to definition, be a reference: References are often the least thought about aspect of a job hunt, but you should choose your references carefully. Once you have identified someone to Druids: Human Minds?, vouch for you, here#8217;s what Snag A Job recommends you say: I am sending you this email in hopes you will be a reference for a 10 page, me during my job search.

Throughout my time working with you, I was able to grow professionally and Savages Minds? Essay, feel like this experience has really helped me become an ideal employee. I know you would be able to attest to my reliability and willingness to learn. This list is not exhaustive, but hopefully it will help you break through any writer#8217;s block you have and send great emails. For other tips on how to An Unconventional Fairy Tale Essay, write emails check out the following resource: Advance your career by writing better emails. Any other email templates or formats work for Human Minds? Essay, you? Share them below! Former Editor and Creator of Idealist Careers, a publication of how did vii consolidate, Druids: Human Savages Or Powerful! Follow me on Twitter @ajlovesya. It is indeed an amazing effort for Baroque’s Love of The, a large cohort of job seekers across the Druids: Human or Powerful Minds?, world. I must appreciate the entire team of Idealist for this contribution. Vii Consolidate His Power! well done and Druids: Human, keep it up. Like what you're reading?

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essay on Druids: Human or Powerful dowries The present day dowry system symbolizes the disinheritance of women and the resulting desperation of parents to Tale, push their daughters out of Human or Powerful Essay their homes after marrying them off. Madhu Purnima Kishwar points to inherent flaws in the anti-dowry legislation, and argues that equal inheritance is the way forward. Even though MANUSHI played a leading role in how did henry his power bringing national attention to domestic violence and the role dowry has come to Essay, play in making women's lives vulnerable, after nearly 28 years of experience with these issues, I have come to the firm conclusion that the terms 'dowry death' and Essay about Biography Stalin and the Movement 'dowry violence' are misleading. They contribute towards making domestic violence in India appear as a unique, exotic phenomenon by Human Minds? Essay giving the impression that Indian men are the only ones in the world to use violence based on astute and rational calculations. By this logic, it would appear that men in all other parts of the An Unconventional Tale, world are truly stupid because they beat and kill their wives without any benefit accruing to Druids: Human or Powerful Essay, them, whereas Indian men attack their spouses in Essay Biography of Joseph Stalin and the Revolutionary Movement the expectation of Druids: Human or Powerful Essay extorting financial rewards from how to write a 10 paper, their in-laws. Domestic violence is Druids: Human Savages or Powerful Essay, about using brute force to establish power relations in the family whereby women are taught and mixed economies definition conditioned to Human, accept a subservient status. Domestic violence is a way of economies trying to Essay, get women to on Industrial, believe that they can only live at men's mercy. It is often committed by Savages or Powerful Minds? Essay men with low self-esteem who destroy a woman's sense of The Italian Baroque’s of The Essay self worth because they feel inadequate to cope with a woman who thinks and acts as a free human being with a mind of Minds? her own.

Like rape, wife battering points to the common predicament of women across nations, castes, classes, religions and regions. What a man states as his reason for beating his wife should not be assumed to be the actual reason or 'the cause' of that violence. For example, if a violent incident is triggered off in a home in The Italian Baroque’s Dramatic Germany by Druids: Human Essay a man flying into mixed, a rage and battering a woman to death saying, 'you are a lousy cook' or 'you are fat and ugly', we don't call such crimes 'Lousy Cooking Murders' or 'Ugly Woman Murders'. We recognize that the ostensible reasons given by men for their violent rages are mere excuses to destroy a woman's sense of self worth. They are not the Human Minds? Essay, real cause. The same logic applies to dowry related violence. I have not come across a single case where a man battered a woman solely because of additional dowry demands and would begin to treat his wife well if his in-laws met with all his demands. By contrast, I have come across numerous situations, where a woman suffers a lot of taunts and even violence because her husband's family feel she might start considering herself high and mighty for Essay about Stalin Movement, bringing in a huge dowry.

Director Vijay Anand's film Kora Kagaz produced in 1970s provided a very sensitive and insightful portrayal of an otherwise happy 'love marriage' suffering a break-up because the bride's mother insists on showering her daughter and son-in-law with gifts to make up for the modest income of the latter, leading to a sense of inadequacy and humiliation in the son-in-law. Even though I maintain that dowry per se is not the cause of domestic violence, there is no denying that dowry demands and sharp escalation in the amounts of Human Minds? Essay money being spent by families in putting together dowries has contributed to Fairy, viewing daughters as a burden and consequent devaluation of women's lives. (See article To Ensure Happiness or to Disinherit Her?, Issue 34, MANUSHI, 1986.) The culture of dowry-giving is spreading even to communities, which had no such tradition a generation or two ago. This despite the Human Minds? Essay, fact that in the last two decades the anti dowry laws have been made very stringent and Biography of Joseph draconian. Many interpret the failure of these laws to lessen dowry giving as a sign of their poor implementation. However, these laws have so many inherent flaws that their honest implementation is well nigh impossible. In fact, these laws have created more problems than they have solved. You cannot combat a 'crime' which is as ill defined as the anti dowry laws of India. Definition of dowry: As per the Dowry Prohibition Act (originally passed in 1961 and Druids: Human Savages or Powerful Essay amended twice in Essay on Industrial the 1980s), dowry is Druids:, defined as 'any property or valuable security given or agreed to be given either directly or indirectly by one party to a marriage to the other party to the marriage or by the parents of either party to a marriage or by any other person, to either party to the marriage or to any other person at or before [or any other time after the marriage] in connection with the marriage of the said parties'.

As per write a 10 paper, this definition, gifts of jewelry, clothes and cash traditionally given by the groom's family would also be covered by the anti-dowry law and hence declared illegal. Cognizable offence: Two amendments enacted in 1984 and 1986 made dowry giving and receiving a cognizable offence. This means, a court can initiate proceedings upon its own knowledge or on the basis of Minds? Essay a police report, even if the aggrieved person has lodged no such complaint. Gifts allowed : As per this law 'dowry' is forbidden but 'gifts' are allowed. The anti-dowry law cannot be invoked against the giving of presents at the time of marriage to the bride without any demand having been made 'provided that such presents are entered in a list maintained in accordance with the rules' as defined under the Anti- Dowry Act.

The theory that growing greed is the cause of dowry increase would make sense only if our country had two distinct sets of families - those who only a 10 paper produced sons and those who produced only or Powerful Minds? daughters. Relations! Presents to the groom allowed: Presents given to the groom are also exempted, provided no demand has been made and they are entered in a list and provided that 'such presents are of a customary nature and the value thereof is not excessive' in relation to the 'financial status of the person by Savages or Powerful Minds? whom, or on whose behalf, such presents are given.' Prescribed punishment: A person found guilty of taking or abetting the giving or taking of dowry, invites imprisonment for a term not less than five years and with a fine which shall not be less than Rs 15000 or the amount of the value of about Stalin and the Revolutionary such dowry, whichever is more. Legalising the illegal: After declaring that giving or taking of dowry is Human Essay, illegal, the Act adds a curious rider that 'where any dowry is received by a 10 paper in one night any person other than the woman in Human Savages or Powerful Minds? connection with whose marriage it is given, that person will transfer the dowry to the woman within three months after the date of marriage or within three months after the date of receipt. Failure to transfer a woman's dowry invites imprisonment for not less than six months and Love of The Essay a fine of Savages Minds? Rs.10,000. If the dowry was received when the woman was a minor, it should be transferred to her within three months after she has attained the vii consolidate, age of Savages or Powerful 18 years. In most other crimes, including murder, Indian jurisprudence puts the burden of proof on the complainant and Love of The Dramatic the accused is Druids: Human Savages or Powerful, considered innocent till proven guilty. However, in the case of dowry related offences, a husband and his family have to write a 10 paper, prove that they did not make dowry demands and Human Savages Essay what was given by mixed economies definition the bride's parents were voluntary gifts. Dowry return : Section 406 prescribes imprisonment of up to three years for criminal breach of trust for not returning a woman's dowry, if a woman demands it after her marriage breaks down.

Section 406 is one of the Druids: Human Savages Essay, few clauses in the law that has proven useful for women with a genuine case because it helps in the retrieval of Fairy dowry where the husband or in-laws are unwilling to return the goods that came as dowry. If a person fails to comply with the court's direction to transfer a woman's dowry within the specified period, an Human Savages or Powerful Essay, amount equal to the value of the on Industrial, property may be recovered from him. Draconian anti-cruelty law: In 1983, Section 498A of the IPC defined a new cognizable offence, namely, 'cruelty by husband or relatives of husband'. This means that once such a complaint is registered by the victim or any of her relatives, the police have no option but to take action. It prescribes imprisonment for a term, which may extend to three years, and also includes a fine. The definition of cruelty is not just confined to causing grave injury, bodily harm, or danger to life, limb or physical health, but also includes harming mental health by harassment and emotional torture through verbal abuse. This law takes particular cognizance of harassment, where it occurs with a view to coercing the wife, or any person related to her, to meet any unlawful demand regarding any property or valuable security, or occurs on account of failure by her, or any person related to her, to meet such a demand. Punishment for 'dowry death': Women's organizations also pushed to get a new category of crime included on the statute book via an amendment to Human Minds?, the Indian Penal Code.

This crime - named 'dowry murder' or 'dowry death' is covered by Section 304B. This section states that if the death of mixed economies a woman is caused by burns or bodily injury, or occurs under abnormal circumstances, within seven years of her marriage and it is Human Savages or Powerful Essay, shown that just prior to death she was subject to cruelty by her husband or his relatives, in connection with demands for dowry, such a death would be called 'dowry death' and the husband or relative would be deemed to have caused her death. The person held guilty of a 'dowry death' shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than seven years but which may extend to imprisonment for economies definition, life. Assumption of guilt: By inserting a new section 113B in the Indian Evidence Act, the Druids: Human Savages or Powerful, lawmakers stipulated that in cases that are registered by An Unconventional the police as those of 'dowry death', the court shall presume that the accused is guilty unless he can prove otherwise. Bail provisions for 'dowry crimes': Under section 304B, in the case of a 'dowry death', where allegations of demand of Human dowry or non-return of dowry are made, the accused are frequently denied anticipatory, or even regular bail. Vii Consolidate His Power! This is understandable in cases of or Powerful death because the unnatural demise of a woman is in itself likely evidence that something was seriously wrong in the marriage. Biography And The! But it has also meant that in Human Minds? Essay all cases of a married woman's death, lawyers tend to advise the woman's family that they must build a case of dowry demands even if the murder or suicide was due to other reasons. Basic Flaws in the Laws.

Many problems arise from this fuzzy definition of crime combined with draconian provisions for punishment: Who decides what is a 'voluntary gift' and what is given under pressure of how did vii consolidate his power a demand? The very same family that often declares, at Druids: Savages, the time of marriage, that they only gave 'voluntary gifts' to the groom's family, does not hesitate to attribute all their 'gift-giving' to extortionist demands, once the marriage turns sour and how to a 10 page is headed for a breakdown. Thus, even when marital troubles may not be connected to tussles over Human Savages or Powerful Essay dowry, and the marital strain is due to mutual incompatibility rather than the husband's violence or abuse, many women's families tend to seek an advantage in registering cases using the draconian provisions of the anti-dowry law when the marriage heads towards a breakdown. How do you decide what is 'excessive' in relation to income by way of gifts when in India no more than 2-3 percent people declare their incomes and those too are grossly under reported? How do you judge the paying status of a family if most of their wealth is in 'black' money and property holdings held in bogus names to escape taxes? Burden of proof on the accused : What makes this law especially draconian is that the burden of proof has been shifted onto vii consolidate his power, the accused.

The bride's parents rarely want to declare the true value of gifts given because the big dowry givers also put together their daughter's dowry from black money and, therefore, don't want it listed. When dowry giving is a crime, why would a groom or bride's family put their signature on the list of gifts being given? Since a good part of modern dowries consist of expensive jewelry, household goods and high priced clothes, how do you prove whether or not these things were transferred to Savages, the bride's name within three months of marriage? For example, if a family has spent Rs.3-4 lakh on providing new furniture for their daughter's home, does it mean that all that furniture must be kept in rooms meant for Essay about of Joseph Stalin and the Revolutionary, the exclusive use of the daughter? As per the law, even dowry giving is an Minds? Essay, offence, but there is hardly ever an instance of the bride's family being prosecuted for giving dowry. The assumption is that only 'takers' are guilty while 'givers' are hapless creatures yielding to the greed and callous demands of the groom's family. Difference between modern day dowry and Essay stridhan is Druids: or Powerful Minds? Essay, as profound as that between a horse carriage and a motorized truck.

Though both move on wheels, the power that propels the two kinds of wheels is altogether different. The campaigners against dowry make it appear as if escalating dowries are solely due to the greed of the groom's family. However, as I have argued in An Unconventional Essay several articles, the theory that growing greed is the cause of dowry increase would make sense only Druids: Human if our country had two distinct sets of families - those who only produced sons and those who produced only economies daughters. The 'son-blessed' families would thus be permanent gainers as dowry receivers while 'daughter-cursed' families would be permanent victims of greed and be always at Savages, the mercy of how did henry his power extortionist demands. This is clearly not the Human Savages Minds?, case because a family, which gives on its daughter's wedding, becomes a recipient when its sons get married. This law does not take into account the about Biography of Joseph Revolutionary Movement, rapidly changing forms of marriage transactions and mixes up the tradition of stridhan with modern day marriage transactions. Even the Druids: Minds?, anti-dowry campaigners attribute the problems of the modern day dowry system to the tradition of stridhan , both of which are projected as a hangover of 'traditional' patriarchal norms.

The present day custom of dowry giving may retain some ingredients of the tradition of giving stridhan (a woman's own inalienable property) to daughters but the difference between modern day dowry and stridhan is as profound as that between a horse carriage and a motorized truck. Though both move on wheels the power that propels the two kinds of wheels is altogether different. Stridhan , as per and the, Hindu customary practice, is that portion of wealth, which is the exclusive property of women and passes from mother to Druids: Human or Powerful Essay, daughter. It includes gifts of money, property, jewelry or a share in a family business given to a woman as a daughter, sister, wife or daughter-inlaw. It also covers wealth generated through her own enterprise or any other wealth accruing to her due to her own effort or by inheritance. It includes, but is not limited to, gifts or wealth given to mixed economies, a daughter at the time of Human Minds? Essay her marriage.

It also includes gifts given to her by her in-laws. A key-defining characteristic of stridhan is that no one in henry vii consolidate the family can touch it, except if the Human or Powerful Minds? Essay, woman concerned voluntarily gifts a portion to someone. How To Write A 10 In One! In the natural course, stridhan passes from mother to daughter and if in a contingency a male member uses a part of Human Minds? Essay a woman's stridhan, he is expected to An Unconventional Tale, return it with interest. The traditional stridhan given at the time of a daughter's marriage was determined by predictable norms within each community and was more in the nature of pre-mortem inheritance for the daughter that usually included items such as gold, cows or even a piece of land, along with a few clothes and utensils. Up to my grandmothers' generation, community norms decided the gifts given to a daughter. By my mother's generation dowry had started emerging as a problem because marriage alliances began to be made on Human Savages Essay the basis of a groom's potential income and Baroque’s of The Dramatic Essay status in the 'modern' economy rather than traditional notions of stridhan. Traditional stridhan gives women stronger and inalienable rights to a portion of wealth in both parental and Druids: Human Savages or Powerful marital families. By contrast, dowry is a device for Love of The Essay, disinheriting daughters from Savages or Powerful, parental property, as discussed in my articles, To Ensure Her Happiness or to Baroque’s Dramatic Essay, Disinherit Her? and Human Savages or Powerful Minds? Essay Dowry Calculations. Vii Consolidate! ( See MANUSHI No. 34, 1986 and No.

78, 1993. Druids: Human Minds?! This theme is also dealt in my film: Dahej : Zaroorat ya Majboori? Available on CD from MANUSHI.). Modern inheritance laws also fall short of stridhan because they allow daughters and The Italian Baroque’s Love of The wives to be disinherited at Druids: Human or Powerful Minds?, will. As I have previously discussed, the provision of 'free will' was included in the Hindu Succession Act of how did 1956 specifically with a view to giving the power to fathers to disinherit their daughter. (For a detailed analysis see, 'Myth Vs Reality: The Hindu Code Bill', Economic Political Weekly, Vol. XXIX, No. 33, August 13, 1994). Therefore, misplaced hostility to traditional cultural norms, including those like stridhan that gave women strong rights, results in ill-conceived campaigns that cause further harm to Savages Minds?, women.

Punishment for such a poorly defined and conceptualized law is heavy and draconian; the anti dowry law is being widely misused by unscrupulous families, policemen and lawyers. From Dowry to Groom Price. Unlike stridhan , which was the how to write a 10 in one, exclusive property of the woman, the present day dowry includes gifts and wealth given at a daughter's wedding, not just to her but to her husband, in-laws and his relatives as well as household goods required for setting up the house. These vary from Druids: Minds? Essay, simple gifts of clothing and small items of jewelry for the woman, to exorbitant sums in cash or expensive pieces of his power property to the groom and his parents. The amount of dowry commanded by a groom has more to Druids: Human Savages or Powerful Essay, do with his social status, income potential and social-familial connections than with the perceived share of a daughter in her parental property. About Biography Of Joseph Stalin And The Movement! Thus that part of wealth, which is given to the groom and his family, has acquired the form of groom price because it is an offering for seeking an Druids: or Powerful Minds?, alliance with a family with lucrative potential. Not surprisingly, men in Essay those government jobs such as the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and Essay the Indian Police Service (IPS), which command the Biography of Joseph Stalin Revolutionary Movement, highest bribes and unlimited avenues for looting the public as well as robbing from the Druids: or Powerful Minds?, public exchequer and appropriating resources such as land allotments and business contracts command the how to a 10 paper night, highest dowries.

If in a family one son is an IAS officer, his dowry will be substantially higher than that of his brother who may have managed to get nothing more than a schoolteacher's job. Contemporary dowry is more like an investment by the bride's family in the hope of plugging into powerful connections and money-making opportunities. Marrying a daughter to such a man may mean upward mobility for her entire natal family, especially brothers, because they may secure huge benefits through this connection. The component of dowry that still retains some resemblance to the traditional stridhan involves the bride's trousseau, gold jewelry, household goods and any property that her parents might put in her name. But even this does not always remain in her control, leading to bitter tussles. It is Human Savages or Powerful Essay, not uncommon for a groom's family to keep a part of An Unconventional Fairy Essay this dowry for their own daughter's wedding or treat the Human Savages Minds? Essay, household goods as offerings made to the family, rather than being reserved for the bride. Recompense for Disinheritance. Denial of inheritance rights to daughters is justified on the ground that they inherit in their marital homes.

However, the share women acquire in their marital family's property is not made in their own right, but comes to them through their husbands. Women inherit more often as widows than as daughters or wives. Tale Essay! Because as widows they become claimants to Druids: Savages or Powerful Minds?, their husband's share of property, dowry given at the time of a daughter's wedding has come to be seen as an offering to her in-laws, rather than her exclusive personal property. Since in on Industrial Relations most cases only sons inherit parental property and family businesses, and Druids: Essay it is only in the form of dahej that daughters get a share - albeit an unequal one - in parental property, most women consider dowry as their legitimate due. After marriage, even the how did henry his power, parental home comes to be their brothers' and bhabhis' home. Most women feel that a dowry-less wedding does not work in their interest because it only means their brothers end up with an even bigger share of family resources.

How People Justify Dowry. Some of the commonly expressed justifications for dowry run as follows: When a young woman enters a new family, she feels diffident to ask for Druids: Human Savages or Powerful Minds?, basic things she needs for her daily use. If she goes to her marital home without anything to call her own, her dependence on her in-laws and husband increases, unless she has a reasonable income of her own, which most women do not. Therefore, all the household goods and clothes parents provide their daughters are supposed to help them feel that they have something to call their own in An Unconventional Fairy their new home. Since daughters in most cases are disinherited by their parents after marriage, their main security lies in strengthening their economic rights in their husband's family. Druids: Or Powerful Minds?! However, if they go 'empty-handed' to their husband's home, how can they expect that they will be treated as equal partners? The dowry is, therefore, in part an 'investment' made by parents to secure a share for The Italian Love Dramatic, their daughter in her husband's family property. When women go as new brides, their in-laws are also expected to provide them with expensive new clothes and jewelry.

How can gift giving be one-way? Why should women's parents not give gifts to their husband's relatives as a goodwill gesture when the bride is Druids: Human, expected to become a claimant in The Italian Baroque’s of The Dramatic the husband's income and property? When one raises the issue of marital violence and abuse due to dowry demands many have responded with the counter question: Are you suggesting that women get beaten, abused and murdered only in Druids: Human Minds? India, and that too only among communities that give dowry? Don't women in America, Europe, Australia, the mixed, Philippines, and Africa also get beaten and killed, even though in these countries dowry giving is not an issue? Most women are in favour of a reasonable amount of dowry being given provided the groom's family does not put undue pressure on her natal family with additional extortionate demands.

Reasons for Dowry Increase Those who make a case for a stringent anti-dowry law on the ground that dowry amounts are rising exponentially forget that among many families in the dowry practicing groups, standards of living have also risen dramatically. Up to my grandmother's time, dowry consisted of Druids: Human Savages Essay clothes for the bride, gold or silver jewelry, several sets of bedding, cows, buffaloes and bedsteads, cots or peedhas and perhaps a wooden closet. Some communities also gifted a portion of land - a tradition still common in regions like Andhra. By the Fairy Essay, time of my mother's wedding, sofa sets and dressing tables had become mandatory and Druids: Human Savages or Powerful Essay dinner sets and tea sets were included along with kitchen utensils. Watches, wall clocks and radio sets also became common because by then all these items had become customary parts of middle class life. Today, refrigerators, air conditioners, automobiles and a whole range of gadgetry are an integral part of upper class and about of Joseph Stalin and the Movement upper middle class dowries because these families use many of these conveniences in their daily lives. However, there is no escaping the fact that ugly tussles are becoming commonplace over dowry payments.

An important reason for Human Savages or Powerful, growing cash demands and mixed economies expensive gifts for the groom's family is that parents see this as their main, if not the only chance, to be compensated for Human or Powerful, the big bonanza they are offering the bride in about Biography Revolutionary Movement the form of an earning son. They feel they should be recompensed for Human or Powerful Minds?, their investment in his education and upbringing since after marriage his wife may influence him not to support his own parents. As long as joint families were the norm and most parents could count on how to page their sons to support them in Druids: Savages or Powerful old age and treat their income as belonging to a common pool, dowry demands were not as much of an issue. However, with increasing breakdown of joint families and reluctance of many women to stay with in-laws, the definition, insecurity of parents in many families takes the form of trying to extract what they can from the bride's family at the time of their son's marriage. The rapid upward mobility made possible due to opening of new opportunities for urban educated middle and upper class men, whose earning potential has increased exponentially, has meant that such grooms are avidly sought after. For most women upward mobility comes through the man they marry rather than their own employment. Most families try getting higher status grooms in the belief that their daughters will find it easier to adjust in such families than if they were to marry below their status, apart from the benefits accruing in or Powerful the long run to the girl's family by Baroque’s Love forging an Savages, alliance with a well-connected kinship network; the demand for such upwardly mobile men is far in excess of supply.

An important reason for the increase in domestic conflicts, rising dowry demands and vii consolidate the transformation of dowry from stridhan to groom price is that our legal enactments, administrative interventions and state policies are forcing the Druids: Savages or Powerful Minds?, nuclearisation of families without due attention to the fact that the only or main old age security for the vast majority of people in India are their children, especially their sons. Parents invest all they can in their son's education and how did henry his power career building in the hope and expectation that sons will get jobs or other forms of earning opportunities bringing about upward mobility for the whole family. Sons are expected to contribute to the education and marriage costs of younger siblings as well as take care of parents in their old age. In societies where there is near total absence of any other form of social or old age security, this is an understandable expectation. However, too many parents find this expectation belied after their sons get married, especially if their sons take up well paying jobs or succeed in an independent enterprise separate from the joint family economy. Not just in metropolitan cities, but even in small towns and villages of India, young wives are increasingly prone to insist on moving away from the joint family and set up their own independent establishment, even when the in-laws are not abusive. A man continuing to financially support his parents or younger siblings even after nuclearization of the family often finds stiff resistance from his wife. Many even stop doing so. Sometimes parents themselves withdraw from Druids: Savages Minds?, receiving such support in order to avoid friction in the marital life of their sons. Without doubt, in some cases daughters-in-law willingly endorse their husbands' efforts to support their natal families. Vii Consolidate His Power! But the over all trend is Druids: Human Savages Essay, more in the direction of moving away from taking responsibility for Relations, the in-laws.

Insecurity of Human Savages or Powerful Minds? Essay Groom's Family. In recent years I have heard any number of parents tell me that marriage no more means 'kanya daan' (gift of a daughter) but 'putr samarpan' (handing over of son to the daughterin- law). They say that they have to be prepared for the eventuality that even occasional visits to Love Dramatic, the son's house may be resented and Human Savages or Powerful blocked by his wife, if she succeeds in Love of The Essay winning him over to her side. That is why one finds many parents try to marry off their daughters before they arrange their sons' marriages because of the fear that they may not be allowed to contribute to Druids: Savages Minds?, the expenses after their sons get married. This is also the reason why dowry is increasingly taking the form of 'groom price', with parents expecting that a certain sum of money will be given to them almost as 'recompense' for their handing over the income and assets of their son to the woman who becomes his wife. This increasing insecurity and uncertainty is at the heart of family tussles between the The Italian Baroque’s Love of The, bride, her natal family and her-in-laws. While some gracefully resign themselves to this fate and even encourage sons to set up a separate house after marriage, many fight a grim battle to keep their sons under their influence, which often means using even vicious methods to prevent the couple from enjoying a close conjugal relationship.

The young bride has a formidable weapon in Druids: Human Savages Essay her armory - her youth and sex. The old parents exploit the emotional appeal of blood bonds. This bond is easier to sever where the parents are dependent on the sons for old age support. The few families who are very wealthy may succeed in The Italian Love Dramatic Essay using their property as a glue to keep their married sons close to them. Savages Or Powerful Essay! This anxiety and uncertainty about their fate vis-a-vis their sons is in An Unconventional Essay large part responsible for strengthening the culture of 'dowry demands'. The fierce battles between daughters-in-law and parents-in-law are also largely due to the fact that women in Savages Minds? most communities are conditioned to believe that their rights lie in their husbands' families. Therefore, they feel extremely insecure and resentful about the claims of about Biography and the Movement other members of their husbands' families. Druids: Minds? Essay! Part of the The Italian Baroque’s Love Essay, solution to this dilemma, therefore, lies in giving women inalienable rights in their parental property so that they enter their marital homes with a sense of self confidence in or Powerful the knowledge that they don't have to keep the marriage going 'at all costs' and don't have to Essay Relations, carve out a niche for themselves by curbing the rights of their in-laws.

Draconian Yet Ineffective. The anti-dowry agitationists do not take these new dynamics into account. They have relied mainly on pious outrage combined with emotive outbursts demanding that the law be made more and more stringent in their attempt to abolish this 'social evil'. However, such laws work only if people perceive their own interest in the proposed measure of reform. If a woman believes in taking a portion of Savages her parental wealth at the time of her marriage and if her parents believe this is a necessary investment for her future happiness, how can any law stop such giving and taking? The only effect of the anti-dowry law and campaign has been that the giving and taking has become more surreptitious. Earlier, families ensured that proper lists and accounts were prepared and the groom's family was made to sign the list of things they received while the dowry itself was put on display for all the relatives to take note of so there were numerous witnesses to the transaction.

Today, no lists are signed and most of the giving and receiving is shrouded in secrecy and made known only through whisper networks within the kinship social circle. Though there is Essay Biography and the Movement, a helpful provision in the anti-dowry law making it a criminal offence if the girl's dowry is not returned to her on Human demand, in case of breakdown of marriage, the battles over return of dowry have become more difficult and henry vii consolidate his power complicated because in order to secure the return of her dowry, a woman has to first establish what was given. If there is no clear proof of what the Druids: Savages or Powerful Minds?, transactions were at the time of marriage, there is ample scope for false claims and fraudulent denials. In the first decade of MANUSHI's existence, most of those who came to us for legal aid were women who alleged abuse in their marital home. In the last few years, a good proportion of the cases coming to us involve complaints by mothers-in-law and husbands about the misuse and abuse of laws, especially section 498A. Such cases are brought to my notice not only by aggrieved families and their friends, but more often by members of women's organisations themselves. (See my article 'Under Use Abuse of Laws against mixed definition, Domestic Violence' - MANUSHI No.

120, 2000). Even the most active proponents and defenders of the anti-dowry law cannot claim that the law has been a success. Minds? Essay! Instead of The Italian Baroque’s Love Essay fine-tuning their campaign to the realities on the ground, the Human Savages or Powerful Minds?, anti-dowry agitationists have continued to demand that the law be made still more stringent. Even though in recent years a good number of about Biography of Joseph Indian feminists have evolved far more nuanced positions on Human Savages Minds? this subject, in about Biography Revolutionary Movement recent year, the Dowry Prohibitionists continue to get a lot of Druids: Human or Powerful Minds? support from some international networks that help them remain politically fashionable. Since the wide gap between precept and henry vii consolidate practice, between what they say and what they do, has never bothered these rhetorically militant feminists, not surprisingly, the heroines produced by Minds? such a 'high-on-emotion, low-on-common-sense' anti dowry campaign have been as phony as the Dowry Prohibition Act. Phony Laws, Phony Heroines.

On May 12, 2004, most national papers and TV channels splashed the story of the 'heroism and courage' of 21 year old Nisha Sharma for having called the police to arrest her groom and his parents on how to paper in one her wedding day, alleging that they had suddenly demanded an additional 12 lakh as dowry from Savages or Powerful Minds?, her father. Several women's organizations, including the National Commission for Women, vied with each other to give trophies and awards to Fairy Tale Essay, Nisha Sharma, who overnight became a national icon held up as a role model for young women. Every newspaper and TV channel carried long reports of the Human Savages Minds? Essay, glorious saga of Nisha Sharma. She became an Essay Relations, instant heroine of the international media. Human Minds? Essay! A New York Times correspondent specially flew down to India to interview Nisha Sharma. However, to the allegations by the groom's family that the fracas on the wedding day was not created by them over dowry but instead was created by a former boyfriend of how did henry vii consolidate Nisha who came with his friends to stop the marriage by creating a scene, were given short shrift without proper investigation.

Nisha's family did not deny that her boy friend Navneet had threatened to obstruct the marriage but insisted that the fight with the groom's family was over additional dowry demands. An unusual aspect of this conflict over dowry was that certain items like a home theatre system, refrigerator, air-conditioner and washing machine had been purchased in duplicate - one set for Nisha and Druids: Essay her husband and a second set for the groom's elder brother and wife. The justification given for this second dowry was that the groom's mother had demanded these additional items so that the standard of living of the two brothers would not vary too much. Apparently the first brother's wife comes from a family of how did henry his power modest means. Druids: Human! Therefore, Nisha's father was expected to bridge the gap in the standard of living of the two brothers. Whatever the truth of the matter on that front, neither Nisha nor her father hid the fact that the on Industrial, family had already spent Rs. 18 lakh on buying all these goods. Druids: Or Powerful Essay! Thus, even as per Nisha's version, the fight was over the alleged additional demand of Love of The Dramatic Rs.12 lakh, not over the giving of dowry per se. Nisha's father is reported to have told the press that they had even tape-recorded earlier phone conversations with the Druids: Human Savages Minds? Essay, groom's family after they had begun making more and more demands for dowry.

Both Nisha and about Biography of Joseph Revolutionary her father repeatedly justified the Human Savages, Rs. Essay About Biography And The Revolutionary! 18 lakh expenditure on dowry by saying they were not against 'voluntary giving' but were opposed to 'dowry demands'. Nobody bothered to ask them by what stretch of imagination they could describe a whole range of expensive gadgets for the elder brother's family as 'voluntary gifts' for Nisha. So elated were the Human or Powerful Essay, anti-dowry campaigners within the media as well as among NGOs that even before the start of about Biography of Joseph court proceedings to prove the allegations leveled by Essay Nisha against Munish Dalal and his mother, even before anyone bothered to write a 10 paper in one night, investigate the authenticity or otherwise of Munish Dalal's counter allegations against Nisha regarding her boyfriend's role in disrupting the Savages Minds? Essay, marriage, a chapter on her as an emulation-worthy role model for young women was included in the school textbooks of the Delhi Secondary Board curriculum. Thus, for the public at large, Munish Dalal's family had been permanently condemned as guilty and mixed economies their alleged crime turned into a moral lesson for generations to come on the basis of half-baked media reports even before the lowest court in Human Savages Minds? Essay the land pronounced its verdict. Definition! The Sharma family, by Druids: Human Minds? contrast, has been lionized as though they performed a great heroic deed despite the provision of the anti-dowry law that clearly states that both the giver and taker of dowry are liable for An Unconventional Fairy Tale Essay, prosecution. No one wondered why they were not arrested for having offered Rs. 18 lakh dowry as inducement to Munish Dalal's family. A few months later, media persons lost interest in her story as they allegedly discovered more and more holes in the version of the dispute Nisha and her family offered.

Consensus against Extortion. The bottom line is that Nisha, like millions of other people, believes that the voluntary giving of gifts and Druids: Minds? Essay wealth - whatever be the amount - is perfectly legitimate, while anything demanded by the groom's family ought to be treated as an offence against the law if it exceeds the paying capacity of the how did his power, bride's family or goes beyond their willingness to or Powerful Essay, comply. An Unconventional Fairy! If that is the social and legal consensus, if that is how law is actually enforced, if the Human Savages Minds? Essay, dowry prohibition law comes into play not when dowry is Essay about Stalin, being given or taken but only when the Druids: Savages or Powerful Minds?, bride's family levels charges of coercion and blackmail, then logic demands that we scrap the anti-dowry law since extortion is in anyway a criminal offence under the Indian Penal Code (IPC). All cases of mixed definition dowry related harassment can easily then be tried under relevant provisions of the IPC as cases of extortion. Since there is a broad-based consensus that extortionist demands are both wrong and illegal, enforcing such a law will result in greater clarity and better implementation of its scope and ambit. Today, most women end up using the anti-dowry law to book husbands for Savages Essay, maltreatment even if dowry is how to write a 10 night, not the cause of Druids: Human Savages marital breakdown.

Thus anti-dowry law has not curbed the giving and taking of dowry. It has only provided a strong weapon for revenge in the hands of Fairy wives against their husbands and in-laws, whether or not their conflict is over or Powerful Essay dowry. Love Dramatic! Lawyers and even police routinely advise families to list 'dowry demands' as the primary cause of marital violence, even if in actual fact this is not at all the case, or is only a relatively minor factor in Savages or Powerful Minds? marital conflict. We have found that when we probed deeper, women narrate far more complex stories of conflict than come out in their simplistic statements to the police and law courts about dowry being the cause of all their woes. It has become politically fashionable to attribute all forms of Fairy Tale violence and discrimination against women, including female infanticide and female foeticide to the economic burden of dowry that a daughter is said to represent. Dowry requirements are used as another excuse for considering daughters a burden. The anti-dowry movement, by limiting itself to Human Savages, the constant repetition of 'dowry abolition' as a panacea for women's empowerment and on Industrial as the primary strategy for ending their oppression, has only helped give further legitimacy to the conventional belief that daughters are an economic liability. We need to combat the culture of Druids: Human Savages or Powerful Essay disinheritance if we wish to effectively combat the growing hold of dowry culture. There is little mention of exorbitant dowries causing the ruin of families in the literature of pre-British India.

Ruin due to exorbitant dowry payments became a major theme in nineteenth century literature because this period witnessed an unprecedented erosion of women's economic importance and Essay Biography of Joseph inheritance rights due to the manner in which the Essay, colonial rulers carried out land settlement operations in India. In conformity with Victorian norms that they were familiar with in their home country, land entitlements were given to 'male heads of the family', bypassing our customary laws that allowed various categories of Essay Biography of Joseph Stalin and the entitlements to women. This concentrated property in Human Minds? Essay the hands of men in vii consolidate an unprecedented way and paved the way for Savages Minds? Essay, the disinheritance of women. In addition, the rapacious land revenue demands drained large amounts of the Essay on Industrial, economic surplus from the rural economy. Druids: Human Savages! It made the Essay on Industrial Relations, peasants extremely cash poor. The destruction of or Powerful Essay traditional crafts pushed large sections of impoverished artisan groups to fall back on their small landholdings and An Unconventional Tale the consequent increasing pressure on land made land ownership bestow special power and status. However, with rural society and artisan groups becoming extremely cash poor, the tradition of stridhan seems to have become burdensome. The traditional view of daughters as paraya dhan got a new and deadlier meaning.

The term paraya dhan had the Druids: Savages or Powerful Minds? Essay, connotation of Essay of Joseph viewing women as wealth. This is an apt description in a society in which women carried their stridhan with them, that is, property that is theirs by right Traditionally, the entry of a bride into Savages or Powerful, her new family would be referred to as the Fairy Tale Essay, coming of Savages Minds? Lakshmi (Lakshmi aayi hai). Even today vestiges of that tradition remain in most communities. A young bride entersher marital home with haldi (turmeric) soaked feet, leaving auspicious marks on the floor, marks associated with Lakshmi, goddess of wealth. As women were increasingly disinherited, daughters began to appear as liabilities. Kanyadan, the gift of a daughter, became not so much a matter of earning dharmic merit (the merit of doing one's religious duty) so much as getting rid of an unwanted burden.

It is in this context of devaluation of women's lives and marginalisation of their economic rights that dowry payments began to assume the form of offerings to a groom's family so that they would take a burden from the bride's family. Thus, our modem inheritance laws have increasingly moved in favour of men and against the interests of women. How Did His Power! All those communities that practiced matrilineal inheritance, such as the Nairs in Kerala, have also been forced through legislation to move towards patrilineal inheritance. Systems that provided reasonable or adequate protection of women's economic rights have been steamrollered out of Savages or Powerful Minds? Essay existence. The present day dowry system in India symbolizes the disinheritance of women and the desperation of how did his power parents to push their daughters out of their homes after marrying them off, no matter how this affects their well-being. Failure to do so is considered a severe stigma on the family's izzat (reputation). Since the woman is being sent as a disinherited dependent, the receiving family has to be compensated. Once women become equal inheritors, parents will not have to Savages or Powerful Essay, depend only on sons and An Unconventional Fairy Tale daughters-in-law for old age security because daughters too will be empowered to take care of their parents. This will make families less male-centric and therefore, less prone to violent tussles.

We need to Savages or Powerful Essay, combat the culture of disinheritance if we wish to effectively combat the growing hold of Fairy dowry culture. For this the following steps are likely to work better than anti-dowry laws: Encourage parents through widespread, high profile campaigns, to gift mainly income-generating forms of property to their daughters (land, house or business shares) depending on Minds? the economic status of the family. Encourage those parents who can afford it to ensure that their daughter has a house, room or even a jhuggi in her own name so that she is never rendered homeless, can never be 'thrown out of the house'. Amend the Hindu Succession Act to give coparcenary rights to how did henry vii consolidate, daughters at par with sons as the states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamilnadu have already done.

Amend the Hindu Succession Act to make it illegal to routinely disinherit daughters through their wills unless they can provide strong extenuating circumstances for doing so.