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Writing Better University Essays/Referencing. By referencing the sources you use in your essay, you do a number of oscar gray things. First of all, you comply with an academic convention. Secondly, you make your essay look more professional. In fact, it not only looks more professional, but its argument becomes more powerful.
Thirdly, you allow others to check your sources. Essay Cultural Myths' On Racism. This is often only wilde, a hypothetical issue, but a look through the list of Essay your references will allow others to judge your argument quickly. Fourthly, you acknowledge your sources and thus admit that like everyone else, you’re a dwarf on the shoulders of the giants. The essential bits of referencing require you to provide enough information to others so that they can identify the source. What exactly is meant by enough is open to oscar wilde dorian gray debate, and eliot asinof this is oscar gray also where conventions come in. Essential is that you do provide references.
Ideally, you would do so properly. Country. It’s not so difficult, and the sooner you get into dorian gray, the habit of referencing, the Essay Cultural Myths' Affect on Racism and Society, better. There are two forms to do the referencing: including them as footnotes, or use a variation of the wilde dorian, Harvard system. Suri Tribes. Your institution may have a preference, or even a house style. In most cases, your markers will be happy with a consistent and appropriate system. The Harvard system is also known as author/date, and wilde dorian will be described here in suri tribes more detail. Oscar Dorian. Within your essay, whenever you make a statement that is essentially based on suri tribes somebody else’s work, you should attribute the source. You do this by stating the author(s) and oscar dorian the year of the publication you consulted. Standford Prison Essay. Where the name of the author occurs naturally in the text, it does not need to be repeated.
The references are usually included at the end of oscar gray a sentence, or where inappropriate in eliot asinof a place where the text flow is not interrupted too much, such as in front of a comma. Oscar. This may be necessary, for example, if only the first half of your sentence is 3D Organ Printing Essay based on someone else’s work. Switzerland seems to oscar wilde dorian gray be the ideal place for studying the effects of direct democracy, since no other country has gone as far in terms of implementing such means (Franklin, 2002). Swan. The name of the oscar wilde dorian, author is included in brackets, together with the year of publication. Some styles put a comma between the two, others just a space: (Franklin 2002). Where there are two authors, both names are included: (McLanahan Sandefur, 1994). Some styles prefer the Prison, word and , others prefer the dorian gray, ampersand ( symbol).
Where there are more than two authors, the Cultural Affect and Society, name of the dorian gray, first author is given, followed by et al. (which literally means and others ): (Almeder et al. , 2001). Some styles put et al. into italics, others don’t. If you have two or more references for the same argument, you should separate the How the Civil Law Depends Essay, references with a semicolon (; symbol): (McLanahan Sandefur, 1994; Steinberg, 1999). Oscar Dorian Gray. If there are very many references to an argument, use your own judgement to select the most relevant ones. What should you reference?
Basically references should be included to eliot asinof any argument made by someone else, including numbers you cite. However, statements of general nature need not be attributed to dorian gray anyone. A statement that the sky is blue alone does not require a reference. The Black. However, if you state that the sky is blue because of wilde a specific reason, then you should include a reference. Printing. If you use the exact words of an author (quotation), you’ll need to oscar wilde dorian gray give the number of the 3D Organ Printing Essay, page where you copy from. Oscar Wilde Dorian Gray. This is eliot asinof needed so anyone can quickly check the oscar, original words, should he or she feel so. See the separate section on quotes. Essay Cultural Myths' Affect. It’s not uncommon that you want to use the wilde dorian, arguments of say Max Weber, even though you have not actually read this particular book. Strictly speaking, you should not reference Weber’s work for such a statement, because you have not actually read it. Can you really be sure this is suri tribes what Weber said or meant? The technically correct trick is to add cited in after the reference: (Weber, 1918, cited in Hamilton, 2002).
You should always reference the oscar wilde, work you consulted, and 3D Organ this includes the year of publication. Many books are published in wilde dorian gray their second and suri tribes third editions, so giving the correct year can be helpful. Wilde Gray. Similarly, even if a book is merely a reprint by a different publisher, give the year of the edition you consulted. The page numbers may differ. Country. If it’s just a second print of the exact same book, use the original date. Some readers find this unsatisfactory, since Weber surely did not publish anything this year. Wilde Dorian. The convention to circumvent this issue is to give both years: the How the Law Depends Bullying, year of the original publication, together with the one of the oscar wilde, work you consulted. Sometimes slashes are used between the dates (/ sign), others prefer the Standford, used of gray square brackets ([ and ] sign): Burke (2004/1774) or Burke (2004 ). In Another. Another small issue occurs where an author published more than one book or article in oscar a single year, and Standford Prison you want to cite more than one of them. Wilde. The trick here is to add letters from the Printing Essay, alphabet after the year to identify which of the oscar wilde dorian, works you refer to. Essay Myths' Affect. Use the letter a for the first of dorian your references, the country themes, letter b for wilde gray, the second and eliot asinof so on: (McManus, 1994a) and (McManus, 1994b) are two different works.
To sum it up, inside the oscar, text, you give the family name of the author, followed by Essay the year of the publication. Always cite the text you consulted, because in the end it’s your responsibility that the oscar wilde dorian gray, references are correct. At the end of everything that must converge your essay you should include a list of references. Such a list of references provides more details than just the oscar wilde dorian, name of the author and the year of publication. It’s this list that allows identifying the work cited.
Each work you cited in Essay Myths' on Racism and Society the essay is cited once, and listed in alphabetical order. Wilde. Note that a bibliography and list of suri tribes references is not technically the same. A bibliography is oscar wilde dorian gray a list of relevant sources that may or may not be cited in Bullying the main text. References are the sources you cited, even if they are rather trivial. Oscar. Use the in another, heading references for your references.
For books, you put the oscar gray, family name of the suri tribes, author(s) and their initials, followed by the year of publication in brackets, the title in italics, the oscar dorian gray, place of publication, and suri tribes finally the name of the publisher. If there are editors, give their names instead of the authors’. If there is a subtitle to oscar the title, this is usually separated using colons (: sign). Where there are more than four authors, it’s common to How the Bullying use et al. after the oscar dorian gray, first three, but some styles insist on citing all authors. Sometimes a book is co-published by two publishers, and Printing this can be indicated by using a slash (/ sign). Where you give the editors rather than the actual authors, you indicate this by adding (eds) after their names, or (ed.) if there is only one. Oscar Wilde Gray. The title is capitalized. Everything Rises Must Converge Theme. For example: Anderson, C. Zelle, C. (eds) (1998) Stability and oscar gray Change in German Elections: How Electorates Merge, Converge, or Collide , London, Praeger.
Granovetter, M. (1974) Getting a Job: A Study of Contacts and Careers , Chicago, Chicago University Press. Affect On Racism. Grass, G. (1963) Katz und Maus , Neuwied am Rhein, Rowolth/Hermann Leuchterhand. Hall, S. Wilde Gray. (ed.) (1997) Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices , London, Sage. Halsey, A., Heath, A. Ridge, J. 3D Organ. (1980) Origins and dorian Destinations , Oxford, Clarendon Press. 3D Organ Essay. Chapters in a book are cited separately, especially if the oscar wilde, book is edited. You give the family name of the author and his or her initial, the How the Law Depends Bullying, year, the name of the chapter in single speech marks (‘ and ’ sign; not capitalized), followed by the word in , and the name and oscar dorian gray year of the editor(s). If you cite only one chapter, you can give the whole reference at the end; otherwise it’s enough to Civil Againist Essay give the dorian gray, name and everything rises converge year of the oscar, editor. Eliot Asinof. In this case, however, the oscar wilde gray, book itself needs to be included in suri tribes the list of references, too.
For example: Allen, J. (1995) ‘Global worlds’ in Allen, J. Oscar Dorian Gray. Massey, D. Country Themes. (eds) (1995). Oscar Wilde Gray. Hardin, R. (1990) ‘Public choice versus democracy’ in 3D Organ Essay Chapman, J. Wertheimer, A. Gray. (eds) (1990). Leroy, P. Verhagen, K. In Another Themes. (2003) ‘Environmental politics: Society’s capacity for political response’ in dorian gray Blowers, A. Hinchliffe, S. (eds) (2003) Environmental Responses , Chichester, Wiley. The Black. An entry in oscar dorian a printed encyclopaedia or a dictionary can be cited if it was a chapter in a book. In Another. The editors are often given on the front of the reference book. For example: Jackman, R. Wilde. (2001) ‘Social capital’ in Smelser, N. Baltes, P. Prison Study Essay. (eds) (2004). Journal articles are cited in a way that is oscar wilde dorian gray quite similar to Civil Law Depends chapters in a book. Oscar Gray. The main difference really is eliot asinof that details about the volume and dorian gray page numbers are included, too. The reference starts with the name and Study initial of the author, the year in brackets, the title of the article in single speech marks (not capitalized), followed by the name of the journal in italics (capitalized), and further details. The details of journals are commonly abbreviated as follows: the gray, volume number followed by a colon and the page numbers of the How the Civil Law Depends Againist Bullying Essay, article.
If there are different numbers to a volume, this is indicated by dorian gray including it in brackets before the everything that rises must converge, colon, if known. Online journals may not have page numbers. Dorian. For example: Burt, R. (1987) ‘Social contagion and eliot asinof innovation: Cohesion versus structural equivalence’, American Journal of Sociology , 92:1287–335. Thoits, P. Hewitt, L. Oscar Wilde Gray. (2001) ‘Volunteer work and well-being’, Journal of Health and Social Behaviour , 42(2):115–31. Small, C. (1999) ‘Finding an invisible history: A computer simulation experiment (in virtual Polynesia)’, Journal of Artificial Societies and 3D Organ Social Simulation , 2(3). Wilde Dorian Gray. Valente, T. Law Depends Bullying. (1996) ‘Social network thresholds in dorian the diffusion of information’, Social Networks , 18(1):69–89. Printing. Pages on dorian gray the internet should be cited where used. You should bear in mind the quality of the Cultural Myths' Affect on Racism and Society, site before citing from wilde gray, it, but if you use a web site, reference it, too. There are many internet sites that are perfectly acceptable as sources for your essays. The reference includes the name of the author and initial, the suri tribes, year in oscar brackets, the theme, title of the document in italics, the word online in oscar wilde dorian gray square brackets, the country, place of oscar dorian gray publication, the eliot asinof, publisher, the words available from wilde dorian, : followed by the URL, and the date when the Myths' on Racism, document was accessed in brackets. The date is important, because unlike printed works, web sites often change their content or even disappear.
Many web sites include a copyright note at the bottom, giving you an indication when the oscar gray, content was written. For example: Moser, P. Swan. (2005) Politik im Kanton Zurich—eine Synthese [online], Zurich, Statistisches Amt des Kantons Zurich, available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20051224111845/http://www.statistik.zh.ch/statistik.info/pdf/2005_15.pdf [accessed 27th October 2005]. Chan, T. Goldthorpe, J. (2004) Social Status and Newspaper Readership [online], Oxford, Oxford University, available from: http://users.ox.ac.uk/ sfos0006/papers/news4.pdf [accessed 31st March 2005]. Newspaper articles are very similar to oscar wilde gray journal articles in the way they are cited. Eliot Asinof. The key difference is gray that rather than the volume, the How the Law Depends Againist Bullying, date is given. The reference therefore includes the name and initial of the author, the oscar, year of Myths' Affect and Society publication in brackets, the dorian, title in single speech marks, the name of the newspaper in italics (capitalized), the date, and finally the page where the article was found. Suri Tribes. For one page it’s customary to use the abbreviation p. , for wilde dorian, articles running over Civil Law Depends Againist Bullying two or more pages, the wilde dorian gray, abbreviation pp. is 3D Organ common. For example: Cockburn, P. Usborne, D. Wilde Gray. (2004) ‘Burning with anger: Iraqis infuriated by country themes new flag that was designed in gray London’, The Independent , 28th April, pp.2–3.
Handouts from a lecture can be referenced and that theme should be referenced if they are used as the wilde, basis of what you write. It’s normally a better idea not to use lecture notes, but try to the black explained find the wilde dorian gray, original referred to in the 3D Organ Printing Essay, lecture. Not only will you have more control over what was actually said, but also can your readers more easily access books and journal article than lecture handouts. The reference to a lecture handout includes the oscar gray, name and initial of the lecturer, the year in everything that rises must converge bracket, the title of the wilde dorian gray, handout in single speech marks, the words lecture notes distributed in everything must converge followed by oscar wilde gray the name of the course in italics, the How the Civil Law Depends Againist, word at wilde gray and the name of your institution, the place, and date of the lecture. Suri Tribes. For example: Burt, S. Wilde Dorian. (2005) ‘Survey sampling and administration’, lecture notes distributed in eliot asinof Survey Research Methods at wilde Cambridge University, Cambridge, 9th February 2005. Personal conversations are not commonly considered good sources, but if they are what you use as the basis of eliot asinof your essay, you should include such conversations. Dorian. It’s usually a good idea to Standford Prison Study Essay have another reference to a printed piece, but sometimes this is not an option. In terms of oscar giving the reference, personal conversations are very easy: the name of the person you spoke to, the eliot asinof, year in brackets, the wilde gray, words conversation with the author and Myths' on Racism the date of the conversation. For example:
Smith, E. Oscar Dorian. (2004) conversation with the Prison, author 6th July 2004. The same format can also be used for personal e-mail, or instant messengers. Oscar Dorian Gray. Once again, bear in Civil Againist Bullying Essay mind the credibility of your sources. Dorian. With e-mail messages it’s customary to the black explained include the e-mail address of the sender in brackets after the oscar, name, but it’s essential that you obtain consent from the author. The subject line of the e-mail is often included as the suri tribes, title. Wilde Dorian. With all forms of eliot asinof personal conversation, the issue of consent is important. It’s always a very good idea to check with the wilde dorian, author first. There are sometimes cases that are not so straightforward as the Civil Law Depends Againist Bullying Essay, average book or journal article. For everything there is oscar wilde dorian gray a solution in Cultural Myths' the academic conventions.
If you refer to musical works, television programmes, or pieces of art, check with your institution how this should be done. Oscar Wilde. If everything else fails, remember the function of referencing, and provide a reasonable amount of information for others to Civil Bullying chase the oscar gray, work. In Another Country Themes. Common problems include the lack of gray authors, unpublished documents, or lack of publisher. Where there is Standford Prison Study Essay no author, often there is an oscar gray organization. Printing Essay. Put the oscar dorian, name of the organization. Printing. If there is oscar wilde gray no-one, it’s customary to put the word “Anon” instead of the author’s name.
For example: IDEA (1998) Women in eliot asinof Parliament: Beyond Numbers [online], Stockholm, International IDEA, available from: http://archive.idea.int/women/parl/toc.htm [accessed 28th February 2006]. UN Statistics Division (2006) Social Indicators [online], New York, UN Statistics Division, available from: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/socind/inc-eco.htm [accessed 20th February 2006]. Sometimes the year of oscar wilde gray a document is not known. Where you have a rough idea, you can put a c before the date, such as in the black swan (c.1999). Wilde Gray. Where you just have no clue, there is Study no need to panic: simply put the word unknown instead of the year.
Documents that are unpublished as such, for example a thesis or a draft article you were sent, should come with the oscar wilde dorian, indication that they are not published. Standford Prison Study Essay. This is oscar gray easily done by including the word unpublished in Standford Prison Study brackets at the end of the oscar dorian, reference. With articles sent to you, you should always ask permission to cite; just like you would with an ordinary e-mail. For theses it’s common to include the kind of thesis after the title, such as PhD thesis or MA thesis . Where the name or place of the publisher is in another country themes unknown a very simple solution is used: leave the information blank. Wilde. This is 3D Organ particularly an wilde dorian issue with internet sites. Including the Standford Study Essay, URL is in wilde this case much more helpful than trying to guess the the black swan, name of the publisher. Course materials provided to you are treated very similar to oscar dorian gray the lecture handouts.
Give the name of the author, the year in suri tribes brackets, the course code if there is one, the oscar wilde, course title in italics (capitalized), the kind of material and its title in single speech marks, place of publication, and Standford Prison Essay publisher. For example: Peake, S. (2003) U216 Environment , Video 4 ‘Shanghai Boom’, Milton Keynes, The Open University. The Open University (2004) DD305 Personal Lives and Social Policy , CD-ROM 2 ‘Interviews and gray Interviewing’, Milton Keynes, The Open University. The capitalization of Cultural Affect on Racism and Society titles may seem a bit confusing, but it follows a simple logic: it’s the oscar wilde dorian gray, main title that is capitalized. In the case of a book, the main title is that of the Prison Essay, book. In the wilde dorian gray, case of journal articles, on suri tribes the other hand, the main title is thought to be that of the oscar wilde dorian gray, journal itself. It might be confusing that within the journal, the title of an article often is capitalized. Capitalization is eliot asinof not very hard to dorian achieve.
Put in capital letters are all nouns, proper names, the first word, verbs, and Prison Study Essay adjectives. This is in fact almost everything. Gray. Not put in capital letters are words like and Standford Study Essay , in , or , or with . Unfortunately most word processors don’t capitalize properly when told to, and put every single word in capital letters, including the ands and withins that should not come with capital letters. Different publishers have different house styles, and oscar wilde gray you might come across a title with a word you would normally spell differently. Affect And Society. This is common with British and American variants, but there are other words, too, such as post-modernity . Oscar Wilde Dorian Gray. No matter how strongly you might disagree with the Essay Myths', spelling, you should always use the original spelling in gray the references. The Black Explained. It’s perfectly fine to change them in your essay itself, but not in the references. Wilde Gray. A good manual of style, such as the everything that converge, Oxford Style Manual (Ritter, 2003) will be able to gray give you further guidance. Theme. Many course providers have their own preferences or house styles, and it’s advisable to follow these conventions. Where there are no house styles, using a system such as the one outlined in this guide in a consistent manner will be well received. You’ll find full references to every work mentioned in gray this book at the end.
It’s difficult to suri tribes write about referencing without mentioning plagiarism. Plagiarism describes the wilde, act or result where you take the swan, words or ideas of somebody else and wilde present them as your own. Plagiarism is considered serious academic misconduct and can be punished severely. 3D Organ. Most importantly, however, your reputation is on the line. The origin of the wilde dorian gray, word plagiarism gives you an idea what others will think of suri tribes you when you plagiarize. Wilde Dorian Gray. The word goes back to suri tribes the Latin plagiarius , a thief and kidnapper—in particular a child snatcher and somebody abducting slaves.
The modern use in academia brands you a literary thief (OED, 2005). There are a number of oscar wilde reasons why plagiarism occurs. The worst case is Study Essay deliberate plagiarism (for whatever reason). Gray. Careless work may lead to plagiarism, but is not commonly considered as severe an offence as the country themes, deliberate case. Careless work is dorian often a sign of students working too closely to the original, and this can be easily remedied. Without changing your habit, simply by Essay Cultural Myths' Affect including references to wilde where you got the that must converge theme, ideas from, and oscar wilde putting speech marks where you quote, you technically are done. Essay. In practice, you still might rely too much on the original and not deliver as good an wilde dorian gray essay as you could. Deliberate plagiarism, often motivated by laziness, can’t be remedied directly. Explained. At the time, it may seem a reasonable risk to copy from the oscar, internet, but is suri tribes it really worth it? Bear in mind that there is oscar gray something in for you, too—that is 3D Organ Essay something in wilde gray addition to the grades. In Another Themes. The more you write, the easier it gets.
If you work too closely to the original, there is a simple solution: don’t write the essay with the books in front of you. By so doing, there is wilde gray very little danger that you copy word by word. In a way, you force yourself to make the eliot asinof, material your own: and oscar that is How the Civil Law Depends Againist Bullying Essay a good thing—it makes a better argument, your essay will be more original, and not least, you’ll also get better grades. Oscar Gray. Rather than having the original works in How the Againist front of you, try using your notes. As you still will need to wilde dorian gray put those references for the ideas you take from Essay, others, make a note whenever you do so. I use brackets with three X inside, to remind myself that I need to put a proper reference. Oscar Wilde. Often I remember very well who said this, so I include, for suri tribes, example, (Granovetter XXX) inside the text. Oscar Wilde. When checking the essay, it’s hard not to suri tribes notice the wilde dorian, triple X; and there is in another themes always the search facility in wilde the word processor. Explained. By putting a place holder, I can get on with the job of writing without interrupting my thoughts. Equally important, I leave some traces indicating to oscar dorian myself that there is some more work to be done: finding the proper reference, for example.
If you think plagiarism is hard to suri tribes detect by oscar dorian gray your marker, think again. There are a great number of signs that give plagiarized work away. Swan Explained. Technology-wise, your markers are likely to oscar wilde have the Essay Cultural Myths' Affect, same possibilities than you have if not more. If you can copy and paste something you found on the internet, it’s equally easy for your marker to find it on a search engine, again. It would, of course, be possible, to change plagiarized work to the extent that the deed is no longer easy to spot. Wilde Dorian. Usually, however, this is just as much work as writing the Essay Myths' Affect on Racism and Society, essay yourself. Just to give you an idea, the markers of oscar wilde gray your essay will not only that rises theme, have access to the same search engines than you have. There is software to oscar scan essays for duplicates; and suri tribes many institutes even have access to wilde dorian essay banks (sites on the internet where complete essays are sold). The most successful tool, however, is probably the human brain with its incredible ability to remember. If you copy from a colleague, chances are that your marker has read this one, too.
If you copy from a set reading, chances are that your marker has read this one, too. Essay On Racism And Society. Knowing what is on the reading list helps spot essays that refer to dorian gray other works a great deal, or don’t refer to Cultural Affect and Society some of the core reading. Wilde Dorian Gray. Your marker can estimate how many readings you had time to read, or whether you’re likely to have read a great number of eliot asinof papers on oscar gray the Belgian perspective of whatever issues is set in the question. An even easier sign is having the same paragraph twice in the same essay, for example. How The Civil Law Depends Againist Essay. There are more subtle signs, too, such as sudden changes in style or formatting. Many people are unaware of how idiosyncratic one’s writing style is. They are in wilde fact so individual that writing styles can be used to determine how many people wrote a document, such as the Christian Bible (Jakoblich, 2001). Writing style includes the tenses we use, the level of formality, our own choice of words, the kinds of How the Civil Againist Essay metaphors we put, whether we use American or British English, choices over wilde dorian punctuation, the length of suri tribes sentences, or the wilde dorian, use of specialist terms. Standford Prison Study. Typographic signs include font size, choices of oscar dorian where to break paragraphs, spaces in between lines, and things like proper m- and n-dashes (when copying from electronic articles). Everything Rises. The presence or lack of references is often an oscar gray easy sign: for Study Essay, example, where there are many references inside the text, but few at the end, or where the citation style changes within a single essay. A marker may get suspicious where there is oscar wilde gray suddenly a section with many references, or suddenly none.
Sometimes, students even include hyperlinks in Essay references when copying from electronic journals; and have them automatically underlined by oscar dorian the word processor. Country. Even where you take care of these issues, a paragraph copied from the internet will very unlikely link well with the oscar wilde dorian gray, rest of your essay. The style may be inappropriate, or just different. Essays from an in another themes essay bank may be internally consistent, but very rarely are they really relevant to the exact question you have been set. In summary, you can avoid plagiarism easily. This is wilde gray done by writing freely without having the books right in front of you. That Rises Theme. Instead, work with your notes, and wilde dorian gray take care to put references where you use the ideas from Prison Essay, others. Don’t use the internet to dorian copy from, no matter how tempting it is. It will hardly ever be worth it. Cultural And Society. There is an important difference between citations and quotations. Wilde. Unfortunately, confusion is commonplace; and the terms are frequently used incorrectly.
Knowing your citations from in another country, your quotations is useful when writing essays. Oscar Wilde Dorian Gray. It’s essential, in Study fact, if you want to reference properly. Citations are about ideas you take from gray, others. Quotations are about the Standford Prison Study Essay, exact words used by others. This is wilde really the whole distinction. So, when using your own words, you cite; when you use the words of someone else, you quote. “Why can’t a man be more like a woman?” (Blankenhorn, 1995, p.117) is explained a quotation, because I use the wilde, exact same words Blankenhorn did. However, when stating that families in the US are increasingly defined by eliot asinof the absence of oscar gray a father (Blankenhorn, 1995), I only use the idea, not the exact words. When putting a reference, the that rises must, difference between a citation and a quotation is that for oscar wilde dorian, a quotation we always put a page number. This is Printing done to enable the oscar, reader to check the words in the original context. In Another Themes. In the list of references at the end of the text, there is no difference.
Short quotations are included in the text, and enclosed by speech marks. Longer quotations are set apart from the dorian, main text by the black indenting the quotations, and oscar usually putting in Essay and Society a slightly smaller font. Longer means about 3 to 4 lines or more. For example: It is oscar wilde dorian true that many voters may be voting for reasons wholly unconnected with social inequalities in any of the three dimensions. Everything That Rises Converge Theme. They may attach greater importance to oscar some specific issue such as foreign affairs, or they may vote out of personal reasons or habits with which egalitarianism has nothing to do. In Another Themes. (Runciman, 1966, p.136) When quoting someone else, you should take great care to copy the gray, words exactly. Everything Rises Must Converge. Sometimes, you might want to change a quote slightly in order to make it fit your essay. If these changes are substantial, you should use your own words and wilde dorian gray cite the swan explained, work instead.
If the changes are small, use square brackets to oscar wilde dorian indicate that you have changed the Prison, text. Wilde Dorian. For example, you might quote Rawls (1999, p.87) that intelligent people don’t “[deserve their] greater natural capacity”. Themes. I have included the dorian, words that I changed in everything that rises must converge theme square brackets, leaving the rest the same. This indicates to my readers that the words in square brackets are not the wilde, exact same as Rawls used. For reference, the original reads: “No one deserves his greater natural capacity” (p.87). I made the changes, because I wrote about suri tribes, intelligent people, and Rawls was talking in more general terms. Whilst quotations can lighten up an oscar dorian essay, you should not rely on Myths' them too much. Oscar Dorian Gray. Your own writing is that rises much more important, and wilde dorian often text you quote was written for a different purpose.
The consequence is that the quotations may be relevant in content (what is Civil being said), but in terms of wilde dorian gray style don’t fit well with what you wrote. If you rely too much on quotations, you run the risk that your readers will think that you maybe don’t really know what you’re writing about: that you have not understood the material well enough. When writing an essay, particularly when writing an extended essay, it’s easiest to put the 3D Organ Essay, references whilst you write. Dorian Gray. This is the Essay, case, because you still know where you got the idea from. Oscar Wilde. I keep a place holder to remind myself that a reference is the black swan explained needed if I can’t remember the oscar wilde dorian, author right away.
Often, I will know at least some of Againist Essay it, and write this down. Wilde Gray. By putting a place holder rather than chasing the eliot asinof, reference right away, I can stay focused on oscar dorian gray the writing. However, I also indicate that the the black swan explained, essay is oscar wilde dorian not completed. Place holders like (Baudrillard, XXX) or (XXX last week’s reading) will help me find the full references once I completed the essay or section. Suri Tribes. References are needed whenever you write an oscar dorian academic piece of Law Depends Againist Bullying writing. Even where you can get away without referencing, by dorian gray including references your essay will be taken more serious. It’s a good habit to put references all the time, so when you really need to—such as in your thesis—you’ll not struggle, or spend days trying to find out how to reference a chapter in a book.
There are a number of software packages such as Endnote , Refworks , Scholar’s Aid Lite , or Bibus that help you putting references. These computer applications interact with your word processor, and Myths' on Racism and Society automate much of the referencing process. They manage citations, and usually let you search libraries and journal databases. Useful and flexible as they are, such software packages need some time to oscar dorian gray get used to. It’s thus a good idea to familiarize yourself with their working before the deadline is How the Civil Law Depends Againist menacing.
For example, make sure you know how to put page numbers for quotations. Even if you don’t use a dedicated computer program to oscar wilde dorian gray manage your references, it might be useful to collect references in a separate file. So, after completing your essay, copy all the suri tribes, references to a separate file. Oscar. The next time you cite the same paper, it’ll be a simple case of copying and How the Essay pasting, without the work of oscar dorian formatting the reference. Printing Essay. Keeping the full references with your notes can safe a great deal of time, too.
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Should Schools Be Done With Homework? At the wilde dorian start of the 2013-14 school year, the eliot asinof Fentress County School District in oscar dorian Tennessee announced that it would enforce a district-wide ban on graded homework assignments. Administrators explained their decision by pointing to the large majority of students who lacked at-home resources to help them with their homework. Anywhere between 65%-75% of suri tribes, each school’s student body qualify for free or reduced lunch programs, so it was decided that students should not be singled out for failing to adequately complete take-home assignments. “We don’t want kids to be unfairly penalized for their work because they don’t have the oscar resources or support they need at home,” explained Randy Clark, Fentress County Schools’ Curriculum and suri tribes, Instruction Supervisor. “Our new motto for oscar dorian, assignments is ‘review and everything that rises must theme, preview.” That means that homework in the district now constitutes an ungraded review or preview of current course work that’s the students’ responsibility to oscar wilde, independently complete. Spelling words, vocabulary practice, and study guides for that must, testing all fall under this purview. The Great Homework Debate.
Some educators aren’t fans of the new policy. Tammy Linder, a sixth grade teacher at Allardt Elementary School, is one of them. “Students have not had that daily homework practice in any subject that keeps the concepts ‘alive’ and oscar wilde, moving in that rises must their brains, so that means that much of the practice time and dorian gray, teaching time and testing time had to come during the class time each day,” Linder says. Still, other districts across the country are taking second looks at the practice. Suri Tribes! The principal of Gaithersburg Elementary in wilde dorian gray Maryland decided to ask students to spend only the black 30 minutes in the evening reading.
The decision was reached out of the realization that worksheets and other assignments had been assigned merely out of a sense of obligation to dole our homework to students. Across the country, parents, teachers, and students are also voicing their opinions in the homework debate. On the issue of the wilde gray actual educational value of homework, it may seem straightforward to 3D Organ Printing, many educators that reviewing lessons and practicing concepts after school would correlate to a greater retention of course material, but studies suggest that the link between assigned homework and academic achievement is drastically overinflated. Researchers at the University of Virginia’s Curry School of Education found in oscar dorian a 2012 study that math and science homework didn’t correlate to Essay Myths' on Racism and Society, better student grades, but it did lead to better performances on standardized tests. And when homework is assigned, the dorian help provided by parents often mitigated any of the the black swan positive effects of the work. Wilde! Critics of this type of parental involvement say it can be counterproductive because parents may assume too great a role and/or may not fully understand the lessons being taught. In April, Denise Pope, a researcher at Stanford University, found that too much homework can negatively affect kids by increasing stress and eliot asinof, sleep deprivation and generally leaving less time for family, friends, and activities. According to Pope, homework should not be simply assigned as a routine practice.
“Rather, any homework assigned should have a purpose and benefit, and it should be designed to oscar dorian gray, cultivate learning and development.” Video: Do Students Really Have Too Much Homework? “There are simply no compelling data to justify the the black explained practice of making kids work what amounts to a second shift when they get home from a full day of school,” says Alfie Kohn, an expert on child education, parenting, and human behavior, as well as the author of The Homework Myth: Why Our Kids Get Too Much of dorian, a Bad Thing. Should schools then assign less homework or at least reevaluate what they assign? No, says Kohn, school shouldn’t assign any homework. Teachers who do assign it need to swan, have a very compelling reason for oscar wilde, extending a student’s school day. “My general suggestion is to change the default: No homework should be the norm,” Kohn says, “Six hours of academics is enough—except on those occasions when teachers can show strong reason to infringe on family time and make these particular students do more of this particular schoolwork.” Still, homework is so ingrained in the fabric of schooling that studies revealing its minimal positive benefits have been largely shrugged off or ignored altogether.
For most educators, completely cutting homework out of schools isn’t a viable alternative – at least not yet. And many, if not most, teachers are unconvinced that gutting homework from their repertoire of learning tools is the best idea anyway. Tammy Linder says that teachers haven’t had the amount of teaching time they usually need to enforce classroom lessons and concepts. With the heavy focus on standardized testing already in eliot asinof schools, losing precious out-of-school homework time drastically diminishes how long teachers can devote to wilde gray, thoroughly covering a given subject, as well as the depth and amount of topics they can cover in a school year. “I have calculated that I have averaged only two to eliot asinof, three ‘teaching’ days per week, depending upon oscar wilde dorian gray, re-teaching for those hard to conquer standards and suri tribes, testing,” Linder says. “My students have not covered as much material as students in the past have because of these factors. Oscar Wilde! Nightly practice of any concept keeps the brain engaged in the topic and helps the Essay student focus.” Karen Spychala, a teacher in San Jose, believes homework has value, but is concerned about wilde dorian its potential to the black, consume too much time outside the school day. “Homework has its place: to oscar, practice skills and most importantly to involve families in suri tribes their child’s learning” Spychala explains. “But too much homework that takes over everyone’s lives should never happen. There should be agreed upon standard homework times per wilde dorian gray grade level.” Are there ways to deemphasize the overreliance on eliot asinof, standard homework assignments and allow students to learn through other conducive means?
One option is changing the paradigm of assigned homework to infuse hands-on, student-led engagement with class lessons as a way of piquing student interest in the material. And instead of simply limiting homework to the teacher/student/parent sphere, allowing students the wilde opportunity to show off exceptional homework to a larger audience can give them a further incentive to put in their best effort. Angela Downing, an elementary school teacher in Newton, Massachusetts, has found great success in displaying excellent student homework on the walls inside and outside of her classroom. By doing so, homework becomes disassociated from the standard teacher-student relationship and gains a whole new level of importance that draws students into the assignment. “This practice sends the message to students that their work and their learning are important and valued,” Downing says. Everything That! “Students take special care to do their best work when they know that the final piece will be displayed in the hall or on oscar, the classroom bulletin board.” But for Bonnie Stone, an swan explained elementary school teacher in wilde Tulsa, too much homework is too much homework. She saw the eliot asinof impact on dorian gray, her own children and the black, vowed to curtail what she assigned her students. “As a result of their experience, I vowed never to assign more than 30 minutes of oscar wilde dorian gray, outside reading enrichment for my students,” Stone recalls. “They work hard in suri tribes class all day. After that, they need to be kids and teens. And I’ve seen no change in the achievement level of gray, my students since I stopped assigning homework.” We are always being compared to other countries.
What is their take on Cultural Affect, homework. Oscar Wilde! I bet the kids in China have lots of homework. No homework? What a great idea – let’s have our students fall even farther behind the students in other countries who have already passed ours by in their academic achievements. Students can learn time management some other time, right? It will also relieve the parents of having to have any involvement at all with their kids’ education. What a relief!
While we’re at it, let’s allow our students to be on their cell phones all day at school, too. Explained! Hey, why not do away with grades? Let’s make school just a fun time for wilde gray, kids. And no more of those rigid schedules – let the students come and go wherever they want to in the school. And no final bell – let the students go home when they feel they’ve learned enough each day. Talk about “dumbing-down” America (like we need any help with that effort). OH, so you want to ruin young kids lives. All i do is homework! Apparently, none of it is spelling. #128521; Anonymous.
thats a bit harsh, don’t you think? If kids are stressed from homework they will have trouble sleeping which will result in them focusing less at suri tribes, school, they will be angry with their families and teachers and get in more fights to blow off steam, or do drugs or drink. thanks. i was just on this also an I needed it, thank’s for some of the good info., can i use where you said that “they would do bad things and get stressed”? This comment is ridiculous. You’re blowing things out of wilde gray, proportion. Sounds quite narrow-minded, if I do say so myself. The evidence speaks for itself. There is no proof that homework at the grade school age adds to eliot asinof, academic achievement.
If kids are not allowed to make discoveries on wilde, their own… to learn through play… they are not learning how to be productive members of society. Prison Essay! They are learning to be somebodies drone. Whats funny, is that you probably work at Mc Donalds and flip burgers for a living. You probably dont have kids, and dorian gray, dont know whats it like to everything must theme, stay up till 1:00 am to help your dislexic kid finish his Phonex. thats dumb. schools give a lot of work in oscar gray class. I am a high school a-b honor roll kid and homework can still be going at 11:00. sometimes people need a break from all that work . isn’t an 8 hour school day enough? we don’t all live in boarding schools some of us will get jobs and Standford Prison, then how do we finish all of that extra homework. How does a HS student manage to get on the Honor Roll when that student doesn’t know how to use an apostrophe when writing contractions, doesn’t know that 8-hour is oscar, a compound adjective that must be hyphenated, and doesn’t know that every sentence begins with a capital letter? By now, you’re writing should be more polished than it is, and you should care about whether its appearance reflects well upon Essay, you. Clearly, our schools are not expecting enough of oscar wilde dorian gray, their students, and all that homework is pointless. On Racism And Society! There should be some homework, but it needs to be more selective in both assignment type and the amount of time allowed for completion. Nightly doesn’t work.
What do you think of oscar dorian gray, being assigned one or two research papers to write for which you’re given several months to complete and which involve a process of submitting drafts for review, so the teacher can provide guidance and correction? It works for every subject, because even math has many topics worthy of research and eliot asinof, about which you can learn more. “its” should be it’s your welcome. Where? In the passage above, “i-t-s” appears only once, in the second sentence that begins with “By now” and goes on to say “you should care about dorian gray whether its appearance reflects well upon you.” In that context, the “i-t-s” is that converge, possessive and, therefore, should not have an apostrophe, which is only used to write the contraction of “it is.” The “it” refers to oscar gray, your writing, so I’m saying “the appearance of your writing” or “your writing’s appearance.” Substituting “it” for “writing” doesn’t change its possessive nature in that sentence. You did miss, however, the “you’re writing” which should read: “your writing.” I’ve tried to Prison, correct it, but I can’t find an wilde “edit” to click on, which irritates me no end. I’m good at this, so anything that appears to be a mistake will only be a typo I didn’t see. Essay Cultural Myths' And Society! The result of having received a superior K-6 education prior to the implementation of all the reforms that have failed so miserably.
You are right about the assignment of homework being excessive these days. It sounds as though it’s gotten progressively worse over the years. When students who don’t work are up until 11 p.m. still doing homework, it’s become excessive and, as such, is probably not beneficial. Have you, your classmates and all the parents considered protesting this little bit of insanity? Seriously. Make them prove it’s benefitting you in ways no other teaching methodology could. nah but good try there buddy. OK shut up kids should not have homework it wastes valuable family time. Other countries? We are well ahead of wilde dorian gray, other countries and also if the teachers actually taught correctly the students would lear cking shut up and look at the facts. #128528; When was the use of cell phones, or any of the other points, integrated into this article?
Your argument is very extraneous. Good point Candice, we should be looking at what those successful countries are doing. Instead of betting though, why not research it and give us the verdict? It would make for a very interesting NEA article. #128578; Seriously, why, in the wake of this RTI educational framework are we not modeling those systems that have got it right? Even if its not ‘research’ based practice, it can still be ‘evidence’ based (common sense, outcome data, etc.). The Black! If we ever want to get back on wilde dorian gray, top of our game, we must open ourselves up to change and experimentation and be willing to laugh at ourselves and Standford Study Essay, not take things so personally all the time! Nobody and nothing will ever be perfect, hence there is wilde dorian gray, always room for Prison Essay, improvement! That said, toughen up and take an honest look at yourself, and for goodness sake, challenge the status quo once in awhile! Dave, did you read the article? Teachers don’t have enough time to teach the concepts themselves, let alone reinforce them like they should do BEFORE they assign homework.
Homework was intended to be PRACTICE of previously LEARNED concepts, not a continuation of what was not fully or adequately taught in oscar dorian the classroom. Rises Converge Theme! Student: ‘I didn’t understand this at oscar wilde dorian gray, school, yet am made to take it home where I sit frustrated and Printing, trying to reteach myself. Then I can look forward to oscar, turning it in tomorrow and receiving an ‘F’ anyway. Eliot Asinof! Why BOTHER to expend the time and effort?’ Real difficult decision for a 14y/o — ‘Work hard and get an ‘F’?’ or ‘Hang with my friends and family and get an ‘F’? But seriously…would the gray world REALLY end if there was suddenly a nation-wide ban on homework? Take a minute to consider how you use the information gleaned from your students’ homework assignments.
Do you use it to must theme, reteach, or simply record the grade and move on? Or do you use it for corrective practice? Rather than focusing only on the negatives or costs of doing away with homework, what harm would there be in discussing/brainstorming the possible BENEFITS and balancing them with the costs in oscar wilde dorian gray your PLCs? Ever consider how many EBD students might instead be bright, divergent thinkers who have different perspectives and that their misbehaviors are result of years of not being HEARD or taken seriously? What if those divergent thinkers are not just shameless trouble-makers after all, but individuals just wanting to be heard? Maybe it is us who need a change in thinking, and students should complete assignments and tests not just to have them reduced to a percentage in a grade book, but as a gauge of what a child has or has not grasped, mastered or sequenced properly so that reteaching and that theme, CORRECTIVE feedback/practice can take place IN THE CLASSROOM?
Students need to feel good about what they CAN do and the steps that they HAVE mastered, and find security knowing that their teacher BELIEVES in them. Wilde Gray! Beginning with Kindergarten, failure should be unacceptable. If we shifted our thinking to ‘build on the positive’, we could alter students’ confidence in themselves, thus motivating them to work harder. But if we continue accentuating the negative, how many kids will we send on their merry way with significantly increased risk(s) for on Racism, substance abuse, teenage pregnancy, incarceration, dropping out, suicide, etc.? With our inflexible, ‘always been done this way’ mode of thinking, how many students have we sent off in dorian this manner already?
By the Standford Prison Study time we retire? What we need is to do away with BOTH homework and cell phones and gray, get back to basics both at Cultural Affect, school and in our daily existence! Kids need to get outside hiking, exploring, fishing, going to the beach/lake, or being taught how to fix things through problem solving, using their math while also learning to cook, etc. Frankly, what they need is for their parents to wilde gray, give them a lesson or two on how to live off the land. After all, they need to prepare for the apocalyse that will inevitably be caused by the END of all things HOMEWORK, don’t they? I was born in the 70’s and raised in the country. My parents showed us how to pick wild asparagus and blackberries and mushrooms and fish. Those are great memories for me — first going on “the hunt” itself and then reaping the rewards of that rises must converge theme, your bounty, even if it did require calamine lotion later. #128521; Did having such adventures make me a minority, even back then? The last of a dying breed? Why does everything need to go faster and oscar wilde dorian, faster?
So we can keep adding more and Essay, more to the plate? Life goes too fast already, and is being worsened by today’s rapidly changing technology, especially the oscar dorian social realm. When do we relax a little and pick our battles instead of requiring everybody to be everything to everyone? Chillax people… What about students who are slower or faster? Do they get to finish at home, or do we just have everyone wait for the black, them? Can a kid finish an essay at home, for oscar dorian gray, example, when three class periods were already dedicated to eliot asinof, it, and he is still not done? What about reading? Does all classroom reading now have to be done aloud to keep all at the same pace? I understand no busywork, but practice lessons or finishing work seems fair.
Homework is a time to learn without distractions. Homework could be used as the pre learning for tomorrow or the relearning of oscar gray, today or the time to learn from eliot asinof, another point of view. Homework is not the grade, homework is the oscar wilde gray practice to allow the learning that will be graded. Homework is not a punishment for students who were not focused in class. Classwork is classwork and homework is the black explained, homework. Please get that one straight. Homework is wilde gray, guided practice designed carefully by well educated teacher. I find it sad that so much media think low economic families are not capable of allowing their children to practice learning at home. Maybe many politicians need to revisit the histories of most of the most influential members of eliot asinof, our society. The expensive and private schools of our country demand homework of students.
Could this idea of wilde, no homework be coming from those who do not want low economic families to have successful off spring? Your point is Standford Study Essay, well-taken, but, if a teacher doesn’t use homework to determine the progress of the students, too often it is likely to be busy work that serves no useful purpose. And, for the record, homework in K-6 that’s forcing little kids to drag around those heavy backpacks is absolutely criminal. Those who received their K-6 education prior to around 1966, received an education far superior to the education anyone has received since, and oscar wilde, it was provided without a single homework assignment, like zero, nada, zilch. Standford Essay! A superior K-6 education sans homework. So, the first thing every parent, grandparent, student and citizen in oscar every community should be doing is Essay Cultural Myths' and Society, protesting homework in K-6 until it’s eliminated. Gray! BTW, elementary school should not end with 5th grade. Sixth grade belongs in elementary school just as much as 9th grade belongs in junior high, so that HS is grades 10-12. If you want to compare our scores and successes to other countries, keep in mind that we take all levels of academic abilities… other countries, not so much.
If you cannot keep up, you leave for low level employment. No teams of parents, educators, and eliot asinof, other professionals gather together to create a special plan for one child. Oscar Wilde! As a parent and an educator, I see NO benefit in assigning more than 1/2 hour of homework to upper elementary grades. School world drastically cuts into any sacred family time at our house – and leads to cajoling and fighting. Our teachers don’t want to swan explained, be bothered – and many of them don’t have to organizational skills to facilitate good home-school communication. If I want any information, I must go out of my way to ascertain it. I work as closely with the school as my children’s teachers allow. One teacher – a wonderful teacher, but a bit impractical – would send home project after project for us to do “as a family, so we have family time.” Listen, I don’t need anyone in the school telling us how we should spend our family time – we have our OWN FAMILY projects. Dorian Gray! Furthermore, many of the parents end up doing more of the project then our kids for a variety of swan explained, reasons. Homework has its place,but it shouldn’t take up family time — and these days, it does. Dorian! Enough already.
Whatever amount of homework is that theme, appropriate for younger students, I’m not sure. However, as an instructor at a community college, my concern and disappointment stems from students largely not being able to study effectively outside of our face-to-face time. My colleagues and I see too many students unable to absorb or even complete the required readings. College students simply must be able to oscar, do this; there isn’t enough time for my students read two books of the eliot asinof Aeneid and then discuss it inside of an hour and a half class session. Does that mean we do away with homework up to a certain point? I don’t know. I do know the students get at the beginning of each semester are not ready. really i think homework is wilde dorian gray, great.
You are the biggest idiot I have ever met. That’s an Cultural on Racism and Society important argument in oscar wilde dorian favor of eliot asinof, selectively assigning homework in wilde dorian 7-12 that has a significant purpose which the teacher can guide them through. Assigning the 3D Organ writing of one essay that they spend the year researching and writing, submitting drafts to the teacher for review and wilde dorian, correction, would do more to prepare them for college than a host of eliot asinof, other assignments. Let us keep in mind what the final goal is oscar dorian, here-students understanding and the black, using concepts and wilde dorian, skills. As a math teacher, I appreciate the concept of practicing skills. But as of last year I tried setting aside more class time for the practice.
Students work in self-chosen groups or by themselves to practice the concepts we had discussed. The assignment is suri tribes, used to make sure we understand and can use the ideas and skills. I am there to help if help is oscar wilde dorian, needed. The solutions are on the podium to check and I expect them to Printing, check. If they aren’t right, they go back to oscar wilde, figure out why or ask. I feel better about giving differentiated assignments (some beg for the harder assignments!) because I know that they are working with others and that I am available.
I even moved a group out in the hall with their whiteboard because of their heated arguments about who was right. Almost everyone hands in their assignment and almost everyone does well on it (including showing their work), even though it does not count for very much of their grade. We have frequent short quizzes (2 or 3 a week) that are worth more to check for individual understanding and unit assessments that are worth a lot (with a cumulative page every time) to eliot asinof, check for longer-term learning. I have noticed a jump in understanding and enthusiasm that I would like to attribute to this new use of time. Perhaps we did not cover every single page of the book, but we got the important parts and they understood it. There is oscar wilde, no more ‘gotcha’ in the classroom; we are all working to learn as much as we can, as well as we can. I disagree with eliminating homework altogether. I feel that homework should be assigned on an “as necessary” basis, to serve as practice time for suri tribes, things previously taught and learned in oscar wilde class that students need to practice independently. Eliot Asinof! This meaningful homework should be appropriately challenging, time-considerate, and clearly relevant to oscar wilde, class concepts. Assigning homework for the sake of routine procedures, gradebook entries, or punishment is unfair to our kids and their families, and is a disservice on many levels to suri tribes, all involved in wilde the long run. I agree that homework should not be used to Myths' Affect on Racism and Society, determine a student’s overall course grade.
I feel that homework should be considered as a means of gray, formative assessment. Homework should be graded and reviewed aloud with the must converge class for the purpose of teacher and student feedback, but a student’s course grade should not be directly penalized for dorian gray, failure to complete homework, or incorrect answers on homework assignments. We are not using homework to evaluate a student’s mastery of what was taught, we should be using homework to evaluate student progress in learning and everything, understanding what was taught so we can adapt our instruction accordingly. The conspiracy theory mentioned in previous comments is intriguing, but I feel it may be a bit unwarranted. What hard evidence is there to substantiate this claim? Sometimes the belief in conspiracy theories such as this supports the already hard to break poverty cycle. you are being dumb. What about students who don’t do homework? How can you evaluate a student’s learning if they simply don’t do it?
I believe we need to find a solution that is somewhere in the middle. Some teachers need to be more aware of how well the class is dorian gray, comprehending the eliot asinof material. If the students have already mastered the concept, but are sent home with busy work anyway, how is that a benefit to them. Homework can be used to oscar dorian, assess a student’s understanding, but shouldn’t be, as the students’ home life can have an impact on the students’ homework assignment. Reinforcement is eliot asinof, key, but I’ve seen few students that really benefit from rushing through homework relating to a concept they learned that day, while others may not even finish it in the first place. There also has to be consideration for grade level and oscar dorian gray, the type of homework involved. 3D Organ Printing Essay! Elementary students are not going to benefit from extensive homework as much as a student in high school.
Busy work should be eliminated, while there is definitely merit is using home time to finish an essay. In regards to dorian, that, I think that complete elimination of homework would be a disservice to Essay Cultural Affect, the students. Oscar Dorian Gray! If a student had never had homework in suri tribes their life, how well prepared do you think they are going to oscar wilde dorian, be for college, where the student is completely accountable for Study Essay, spending necessary after school hours working on recently taught concepts? Lastly, I just wanted to share an observation I had a few years ago while living in Indiana near my nephew, who moved there in gray the middle of his sixth grade year. His school had restrictions to swan explained, homework. No teacher could assign more than 10 minutes of homework per subject. Most teachers didn’t even bother sending home school work except for the most necessary concepts.
He had math homework every day, and social studies review material to oscar wilde, study before a test. He rarely had any other homework outside of those two classes. What did this result in? He was flunking nearly every subject prior to moving, but ended his first marking period with A’s and B’s. This may be an isolated incident, but the change in instruction was a great benefit to him. He spend less hours worrying about homework outside of Cultural Affect, school, which left him feeling more positive to return to school the next day. And, inside of school, teachers spent less time using corrective measures when he wasn’t able to oscar gray, finish an assignment. Homework can be a great benefit, but only when ACTUALLY used to help the student. A vast majority of students hate taking homework home. This can give them a negative attitude towards the subject. Suri Tribes! If a student learns to dislike something (say English), how effective is an educator’s instruction going to be when the wilde dorian student is disengaged or demoralized?
It’s not an isolated incident at all, Mr. Prison Essay! Joe. Those who received their K-6 education prior to around 1966 received a superior education, sans homework (like not a single homework assignment ever), than anyone has received since. Making those kids drag around those heavy backpacks in oscar dorian gray K-6 is criminal and totally unnecessary, as was proven prior to Essay, 1966. I would imagine they all feel burned out by 7th grade, making the rest of their education a very unpleasant, tedious experience. Oscar Dorian Gray! BTW, just so you know…it’s “fewer” in Essay Cultural Affect and Society number and “less” in quantity, as in oscar dorian gray fewer cars means less traffic. So, fewer hours worrying about homework means less time is spent feeling negative.
So, start a movement in your community to end homework in K-6 and promote selective homework in 7-12. Standford Prison Study! Between the oscar wilde dorian pre-1966 experience and studies done since then, there’s more than enough evidence to support you. i think we should not have homework if teachers cant teach all they need to Essay Cultural Affect, teach in. 6 1/2 hours to bad they have no right to oscar dorian, give kids the rest of the work the could not teach that day. How should they teach you to swan explained, write?
Did you know that the wilde quality of 3D Organ Essay, your thinking (cognition) depends on how well you’ve mastered your native language? But, homework only gray helps in your situation if the teacher corrects it and Standford Essay, has you rewrite it, so your brain gets accustomed to writing correctly. homework and kids no. i think that there should be no home work EVER AGIN. — 8TH GRADER:0. A very poorly educated eighth grader. And the fact that you, as an 8th grader, still don’t know how to oscar dorian gray, spell “homework” and “again?” What should be done about that?
Eliminating homework sounds grand. Homework altogether is a waste of time, paper, money. If a student does not understand the concepts being taught, comes to a teacher, still does not understand it, has homework over it.. well, that would be an issue. As a teacher, shouldn’t you still thoroughly explain it before the assignment? … And homework just itself, little or vast, is the black explained, just an outrageous idea. Most kids in America go to school, pre-k to twelfth grade. Thats seven hours per day, 5 days per oscar dorian gray week for hmm, i dont know, around 40-ish weeks for 15 years minimum–the choice for the black explained, going to college is theirs or their parents. So, homework is just extended school.
Kids hate school now, know why? Because of oscar gray, homework. Homework in my opinion has ZERO positive effect! Here’s a list to swan explained, prove it: – Less time to sleep. – Less family time.
– Less time to do extracirrucular activities. – Most HW is “busy” work that serves no purpose. – Doing homework makes you want to not go to school and learn. – Doing homework makes you want to kill yourself (that’s how I feel right now I’ve got two projects to finish atm) – Any claims that homework helps you master the material is bs for me. Give me a textbook and the test date and I’ll get an A on that shii easily. Oscar Gray! I’m not some stupid idiot either I’ve got a 4.14 gpa and I’ve got the guts to take 6 ap classes my senior year. Homework can go f itself. Based on my own experience as a student, when an Printing Essay A was 95-100 and a B was 90-94, anyone who has over a 4.0 is oscar, being graded too easily. Further, if students have time for AP classes, the suri tribes school isn’t doing its job. When I was a junior and oscar dorian, senior, school ended at eliot asinof, 3:30, we had only one 50-minute study hall, and wilde gray, there’s no way any of us would have had time for AP classes.
For most of the year, what free time we did have was spent practicing our tumbling for Study Essay, the annual circus every spring. Wilde! If a high school is giving its students all the eliot asinof subjects they need, there wouldn’t be time for AP classes. What if your school is giving you the impression that you’re a better student and smarter than you actually are? After all, if the tougher grading system that used to be in oscar wilde place is the black swan, applied to your current grades, your GPA would be significantly lower than its current 4.14. This is a legit great idea. I don’t do very good in school because of oscar dorian, homework and the reason why I don’t do homework is Prison Study Essay, because I don’t understand it. ” Ask the teacher for gray, help.” I tried it. It didn’t help. She/he just explains what they explained in class which is Printing, what I was confused about in the first place. My parents don’t understand it and common core is expecting to much which might be why we are one of the lowest academic countries… Just let that sink in…
And let’s not forget how teachers have 1 hour a day, 5 days a week for about 200 days to teach us what we need to know… If you can’t do that, then why are you a teacher? I think kids should not have homework. It stresses them out. For example when my son forgot his homework at home and his teacher called him to oscar dorian gray, answer a question… he couldn’t. Then he felt embarrassed. I absolutely hate the idea of homework we have to sit in class for 8 hours and then go home and do more work we should ban homework everywhere. I’m wondering why you never learned where to put a period and that each sentence begins with a capital letter. I agree Catyfriend. I am a parent of 4 Children – I would much rather have my kids play outside and exercise and read for Myths' on Racism, 30 minutes before bed. All I ever do is homework, and I get good grades but I don’t have time to oscar dorian, do any after-school activities.
It is really annoying, but all that I would like to see would be a little less homework rather than completely abolishing it. 3D Organ Essay! If students can’t reinforce what they learn at dorian gray, home, they will have to do the practice at school and lose learning time for new concepts. I completely disagree with the idea of homework, for the simple reason of it ruining my personal interest in learning and its affects on mental health. I get three to five hours of everything rises converge, sleep every night, am extremely stressed every day, and no longer get to wilde gray, partake in family movie night. Add an hour of school, don’t take several away from what should be my personal time. You make some very good points, and to ensure your learning continues, may I offer the suri tribes following: 1) it’s “effects” not the wilde dorian verb “affects,” 2) there’s no reason to put the suri tribes comma after ‘homework,’ 3) phrasing should be “for the dorian simple reason that it is ruining…,” 4) instead of a comma after “school,” there should be a semi-colon. Other than that, you wrote better than some of the Internet writers being paid for their writing. Thank goodness for that. Add school hours if it’s that necessary… don’t take away from what should be their personal time. We want to separate are home work (chores) and are school work.
many countries ahead of the black explained, us don’t have homework or standardized tests. At the oscar dorian least homework should just be an optional practice tool and not graded take home work. Students should not have homework for everything theme, many reasons. yeah our country is oscar dorian gray, not that smart because we get everything handed to us these days,and we don’t work for anything anymore.instead of getting smarter in the future we got dumber. so how come i still have homework. The blanket term “homework” does not begin to encompass the variety of work, good and bad, assigned by teachers for students to do outside of Cultural on Racism, class. Gray! If we start paying attention to distinctions among various types of homework, I think we will have an easier time seeing what kinds of assignments are worthwhile (or not). Your point is well said and exactly the perspective everyone should have for grades 7-12. For grades K-6, any homework is pure insanity and proven totally unnecessary by the superior K-6 education received by students prior to 1966 sans a single homework assignment. My son’s school doesn’t provide homework, just 30 minutes of reading a day. I find that he is capable of more, and I’m not positive the rigor is there.
I don’t create busy work, but I focus on areas I think are important, using “I can” statements so he understands expectations for mastery. My sixth graders does up to 30 minutes of math, 15 minutes of LA, and 10 minutes of explained, typing practice several days a week. I found that it has helped his organizational, executive functioning, and dorian gray, thinking skills. Also because my son has some learning issues, it allows me to see how he thinks and works and provide input to him and his teachers. I find that over swan explained, the years, I have been my son’s best advocate. I stay involved until I can back away.
He is getting more independent and pushes me away now, and that’s a good thing. I think homework is necessary. The practices are necessary. However, the homework needs to be something the child can do completely on his or her own. My 2nd grader’s teacher likes to give homework that require parents to wilde dorian, do most of the leg work, like finding news articles, reading to them the child (newspaper articles are way above 2nd grader’s literacy level) and then helping the child write about Standford Essay them for oscar gray, a class presentation. Standford Prison Essay! This is not just unfair to the children who don’t have parental or other one-on-one guidance, it is also cutting into the children’s sleep hours in families where both parents work, like mine. Oscar Gray! My husband and I both get off work at 6pm and we all get home around 7pm. My kids’ school starts at 8am. Essay Cultural Myths'! Two hours is oscar gray, all we have before bed time and we have to Standford Study, fit in dinner, bath and other bed time routines. But, then what should we do about your not knowing the difference between “ban” and “band” and that you don’t know how to gray, write the contraction “I will,” which is Standford Study, “I’ll?” To ensure your learning outside the classroom continues, the difference between “effect” and “affect” is that the former is oscar wilde, a noun and the latter is a verb.
Thus, in your sentence, since “negative” is an adjective which describes a noun, the correct term is swan, “effects.” So, you could have written: “There is no need for homework that affects us with its many negative effects.” Logically, if homework can be completed at home using prior knowledge, nobody is learning anything. Oscar! Reinforcing, maybe, but the amounts of homework people are assigned to review what they already know are ridiculous. hi we should not have homework let me tell you why because some kids might have things to do after school like : football practice , take care of sister or stay home alone . and more . to me homework is a test because all you do is learn it at swan, school then its like the teachers wont to know you get and don’t get right . i think homework should be stopped! i”m a kid and i”m not just saying we should have homework because i dont wont it i have why we should not have homework . Oscar Wilde Gray! i think no homework in grade school. make a rule NO HOMEWORK . THANKS SO MUCH . I agree with Jarrett also homework increases grades and Standford, helps you getting through bad teachers and classes. we should not have homework. why do we have homework #128577;
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50 Most Popular Argumentative Essay Topics. Here is a list of gray, 50 most popular argumentative essay topics. Feel free to use them while writing your own one. If you need assistance with essay writing contact our friendly support team and we will gladly help you. An argumentative essay is a type of essay which involves a set of completely developed arguments to the black swan, support a thesis statement that takes a solid stance on a specific issue.
Argumentative essay outline is usually structured according to the five-paragraph essay with an introduction, body paragraphs and a conclusion. If you are looking for argumentative essay examples here are the great ones below. Oscar? Feel free to use them while writing your own argumentative essay. Argumentative Essay Example on Prison Doublethink. 50 Most Popular Argumentative Essay Topics. Genetic research; is it complicating or simplifying the lives of humans? Where do science and dorian, religion conquer and is there a middle ground?
Is Artificial Intelligence the future of human evolution and is there a real threat of it overrunning human control? Should the suri tribes, dangers of oscar wilde dorian gray, Nuclear energy be ignored when considering it as an alternative source of energy? Does science fully explain nature and its constant evolution? Should traditional and 3D Organ Printing Essay, alternative medicine be considered above conventional approaches? Are stimulants and supplements supposed to be self-prescribed without oversight by wilde medical professionals? Does vegetarianism guarantee good health and nutrition? Fast foods and the demanding working hours; what are the risks and rewards if any? Protein as a body building unit; how much of it should be consumed in Standford a day? What is gray more effective: yoga or fasting?
Professionalism at the workplace; should there be a dress code? How much influence should a parent have over the choice of career of their child? Evaluating the working hours; what is the threshold hours a person can maintain productivity in a day? Should a career be chosen depending on its pay and prestige or the passion a person has? Is a university degree a fundamental determinant of success? Does grading in converge the academic sphere spur competitiveness and aggressive performance? Are the half-baked professionals in the working industry a result of colleges becoming commercialized? Should plagiarism attract penalties and harsh consequences to cultivate creativity in students? Does personality determine the image of a person?
Cloning; is it morally acceptable or an intrusion into wilde gray the scientific balance? Is religion the swan, answer to moral decay in society? Abortion; does it count as murder? Is animal testing a savage act or a necessity in science? Should atheism be recognized as a religion? Should prayers become an integral part of the oscar, educational process? Does death signify the everything rises must converge, end of human life or is oscar gray there eternal life after the death? Does late parenthood signify disinterest in the value of family? Is a rude child a result of failed parenting?
Does pampering of everything that must converge theme, a child directly impact their ability to be aggressive in standing up for themselves? Nurturing talent; are parents supposed to be aggressive in wilde gray shaping the talent of their children? Is there a proper way to discipline a child? Prosecution in a foreign country; should it be encouraged as a form of guaranteeing accountability on the part of foreigners? Should criminal cases involving foreigners be handled by the foreign country or referred to the International Criminal Court? Should smoking be banned? Broadcasting of court proceedings and its effect on explained public opinion; should it be encouraged anyway? Capital punishment; should it count as the standard level of justice?
Terrorism; are the superpowers doing enough to combat it? The grey area in nuclear weapon development; can it trigger the third world war? Should Iraq and oscar, Somalia be classified as rogue failed states? Is there middle ground for Israel and the black swan, Palestine? Can Pacifism be regarded as the wilde gray, way to peace or is eliot asinof it a fantasy? Should parents regulate social media activity for oscar wilde gray, their children? Should incorrect portrayal of facts by mass media be a punishable offence? The digital world and online transactions; are financial data and Standford Prison Essay, information safe? Does social media have a direct impact on the social behavior of its users? Are governments doing enough to curb online fraud and improve online privacy?
Should politics be considered a professional career? Courts decisions and laws; does the government have an influence? Should democracy be considered the only way to govern? If you can not choose the most appropriate topic for your essay or feel you need assistance with essay writing place on order and oscar wilde gray, our professionals will write a winning paper for you. Read this article to choose your idea among 50 descriptive essays topics. Writing a descriptive essay is Essay Cultural Myths' Affect quite similar to painting a picture – though not with colors and shapes, but with words and sentences. How to oscar wilde dorian gray, Write an eliot asinof, Argumentative Essay. Wilde Gray? Here is an article on the argumentative essay writing.
Feel free to use it while writing your own one. If you need assistance with essay writing contact our friendly support team and we will gladly help you. Persuasive Essay Topics List: Top 40 Topics to Convince Your Readers. Here is a list of most relevant topics for a strong Persuasive Essay. Read the article and find your perfect match. If you you need any help with writing your essay, contact our customer support team.
Enter your email address to receive exclusive members-only discounts. Yes, we can develop a questionnaire. It qualifies as a research paper type of assignment on our order placement list. We can certainly adhere to any guidelines sent to us; we have a vast experience in writing papers on almost every academic topic out suri tribes there. After an oscar dorian, order is placed, the guidelines and example can be uploaded for the writer to look at, as well as any other material you wish to provide. This is part of our guarantee. We guarantee that none of our papers is plagiarized, and to make sure of suri tribes, this we put every single completed order through an oscar dorian gray, automated plagiarism check.
The software which we use is the same as that used in university departments. If you can prove that a paper from EssayMasters.co.uk has been plagiarized, we will either send you a full refund you or get another writer to redo the paper from scratch, depending on suri tribes what you prefer. Thats how confident we are about the oscar wilde gray, standards which our writers keep. We provide one of the best writing services available. We have 100% customer satisfaction guarantee which means that customer satisfaction is our top priority. Yes, we can develop a primary research which qualifies as research paper on our order placement list. Our 100% customer satisfaction policy guarantees you that you may request as many revisions as you find it necessary. To request a revision for the completed paper, please login to your control panel and click on a Request Revision link.
Yes! You can talk to the writer as much as you want via your personal control panel. All customers who place an order have access to the system, which allows both you and the writer to clear up any confusion even before it arises, or to 3D Organ Printing Essay, swap information easily and keep track of the progress on your paper, to dorian, request revisions, and so on. The communication between you and your writer is not visible to anyone else apart from swan, EssayMasters.co.uks administrative team. Our control panel is a fantastic and easy-to-use facility. You can also talk to the administrative staff from the same page (this communication will not be shown to the writer). As you will see from the wilde dorian gray, tabbed subject list on eliot asinof our website, we do cover almost every imaginable topic. We employ approximately 1200 writers who have all sorts of qualifications, and our company is constantly expanding. If a specific writer you request is busy with other assignments when you place your order, we will usually be able to match the order to another writer who also has excellent credentials. The usual method of payment is by credit card, online, but you can also use PayPal. Payment is required at the time you place your order.
We are a PCI-compliant website, all sensitive information is transmitted via 256-bit AES-encrypted SSL channel, and your credit card data is not stored in our database. However, if you feel hesitant using your credit card online, please feel free to place your order over wilde dorian gray, the phone. To do this, you first need to Standford Prison, visit our order page, enter assignment criteria, click Proceed to oscar wilde, Payment, and call us when on the payment page. We will quickly identify your order and activate it, after the payment has been processed. That Rises? We can certainly provide you with a 2:1 level writing. But, because of differing standards of oscar dorian, grading between universities (and even professors) a guarantee of grade is near impossible for any writing service, we suggest you to be careful of 3D Organ, those that do. However, we do guarantee we will work on gray your paper until you are completely satisfied with it, if we don't get it right the first time we'll revise it until we do. University level, Bachelor's refers to 3D Organ Printing, the academic level to dorian gray, be written. If you are an undergraduate studying at the university, then that is 3D Organ what you should select. The vast majority of our papers do receive a 2:1 or better.
We suggest you selecting the oscar wilde dorian gray, level of suri tribes, difficulty in accordance with your expectations. Dorian Gray? Our company currently employs over 7500 professional writers ranging from Bachelor's to the black, PhD degrees in various fields, ranging from SEO writing, article writing, to professional ghost-writing. Wilde Dorian? They are assigned to suri tribes, the project based on oscar gray the type of your order and the academic level of your paper. Rises Must Theme? NEED HELP? Start a Live Chat with an Operator, contact us +1-845-228-8552 or send a message. A service of dorian gray, Insight Innovations LLC, Phoenix, AZ. Please enter your phone number to the black swan, get a call from our Academic Success Manager. We care about your privacy. Your browser is out-of-date. Please download one of oscar wilde dorian gray, these up-to-date, free and excellent browsers: For more security, speed, comfort and fun. We have detected you have disabled http cookies on 3D Organ Printing Essay your browser.
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essays gcse How to write your best essay ever! English biz has separate guides for each of the types of writing you'll meet on your course but this particular guide is probably the most important of them all. It will show you how to construct an effective, well-structured argument-based essay. How do you feel when you're given an essay to write? Do you fill with f-f-fear? W-w-wobble with worry? P-p-pour with perspiration?
Well, here's a way that make the whole process more satisfying and oscar wilde enjoyable! Okay, he's off his rocker (but we won't worry as he's not real!). He's yet to discover that writing an essay is never going to be an easy task, even for the best writers. But you're about to Standford Study Essay find out oscar wilde dorian how it can be made much more straightforward , interesting and effective . Oh, and likely to gain you a significantly higher grade, too! So that's something to feel, well. just a little bit excited about! It's important to understand one thing before we start: unlike a maths or science question, an English essay question has no single 'correct' answer. You can breathe easy on that one. It's just not like that. In an English essay there is no one 'answer' and nothing to 'prove'. That isn't to say there aren't wrong answers - there are.
These are those based on Cultural Affect and Society 'mis-readings' of your texts. But what your teacher or examiner wants is a reasonable, informed, explained and well-supported view . In a nutshell, that's it. An essay requires this from dorian gray, you: a succinct opening in swan which you give an overview of your response to the essay question. This is a kind of wilde dorian gray 'super-condensed' response that sums up your whole response in a line or two. you can add to the opening sentences, a very brief explanation of wh at aspects of the text brought you to this view . If you can give, say, four - six aspects, then you are setting out the Prison Essay coming structure of your essay . There is no better way to begin an oscar wilde dorian essay than like this. From this point on you will never be left scratching your head wondering what to write next. the remainder of the essay is merely a series of PEE paragraphs that, point by point, argue the case for what you have just stated. Each point (P) needs its own paragraph and to have support (E) from the text (either a quotation, or an everything theme explanation of some aspect of form or structure ) along with with an explanation (E) of how the text brought you to such a view, the effects it created, the methods the author used to create the effects and, finally, its relevance to the text, that is, the author's purposes . That's it. Done and dusted! More detail below if needed.
The secret of a good essay? Make it an argument ! An effective essay is oscar dorian a piece of writing that makes a strong and well-supported case for a stated viewpoint . The view it makes the case for eliot asinof is your response to the essay title or question . You'll have arrived at after a couple of readings of the text, more if a poem, and one of which will be a so-called 'close-reading' when you annotate the text carefully in line with whatever the oscar essay question asks, seeking out 3D Organ Printing support as quotations or explanations of oscar wilde dorian gray useful effects created by that must converge theme, form and structure . So your essay starts with a clear statement of your opinion . Wilde Dorian Gray! It could be something like, as an example: 'Shakespeare's theme of violence in Romeo and Juliet is shown especially effectively through the opening scene, as well as through the suri tribes characters of Mercutio and Tybalt and an analysis of oscar wilde gray these three dramatic aspects will form the Printing basis of this essay.' The opening overview is sometimes called a thesis statement . The 'thesis' is dorian gray your response, i.e. the heart of your 'argument'. It's what the essay goes on to explain and support to eliot asinof show that it is a view that is well - considered, based on the text and reasonable to hold . Essays are about opinions, not facts. This point is crucial to take on board. Wilde Dorian! There is everything must never a straightforward right answer to gray an essay q uestion or title. There are wrong answers, of Essay course - caused through, for example, misinterpreting the text; but the 'answer' to an essay question will always be a point of view . Essays deal in opinions, not facts . This is why your teacher is wilde gray looking to read your views and why you have come to think in this particular way. How do you arrive at a 'thesis' or overview? This is the tough part - there's no getting away from suri tribes, that. Not least, this is because it puts to the test your knowledge of the text and your understanding of the essay title or question . The good news is that when it's done and done well, the remainder of the essay becomes much more straightforward and far more interesting to write, perhaps even a little exciting! The Outline Structure for an Effective Essay.
As already stated above, this first paragraph needs to open with a clearly stated summary of your whole 'answer' along with an oscar dorian equally brief summary of the 3D Organ Printing aspects of the text you'll be analysing to show your stated view is sound . It is these early sentences that provide the gray major 'signposts' that give your essay and its general direction. Importantly, you need to set a confident tone early on in the essay. This can be done by Standford Prison, adding in oscar a very few details to show you've grasped the text's big picture . This should be a brief comment (brevity is everything in the opening paragraph) on the major details of the eliot asinof story (poem or whatever) along with an equally brief statement of any relevant context , (that is the situation you feel brought the writer to want to write their text, including key aspects of wilde dorian gray their social , cultural and literary contexts ). This will, though, always need to be focused on eliot asinof the needs of the oscar gray essay question . Notice how you are constantly seeking to avoid waffle and generalised 'bolted on' comments ; instead, you need to keep all you write tightly focused on the needs of the essay title or question. This is the bulk of the Printing Essay essay. It is oscar dorian gray a series of paragraphs each introduced with a new clear important and wholly relevant point . Sadly, it's all too easy to Essay Cultural Myths' open a in wilde a way that inspires little confidence and which drifts from the essay question or argument. Avoid this by opening each and every paragraph in a way that is Standford Study clearly and directly developing the essay's 'answer' or argument . Wilde Gray! If you started by stating the four-six aspects you'll be covering in your essay, then you'll have no difficulty knowing what to Printing write in these body paragraphs. This is where you restate, in a different form, your opening argument and give a brief list of the major points you have made along with a comment about the wider implications and relevance of what you have found.
It will help to think back to the imaginary classroom situation. Wilde! What would follow on from the highly condensed 'answer' you gave to your teacher? Your teacher might say, 'Good, that's a fair view to eliot asinof hold - but why do you think that? Show me from the oscar dorian text itself what made you think that way.' In the written essay, you'll need to be providing a whole lot more 'evidence' mainly in the form of quotations each one itself supported by 3D Organ Printing Essay, a commentary derived from an analysis of the quotation's literary and wilde gray linguistic content . However, with a central and guiding argument starting off and flowing through the entire essay, it now becomes much easier to search the eliot asinof text for aspects and quotations that will provide good quality evidence to support the essay's points. Each point and wilde supporting quotation needs to Prison Study be followed by an analysis and oscar wilde dorian gray comment . Some teachers call this the P.E.E. ( point example explanation ) or P.Q.C. ( point quotation comment ) system.
This is needed to explain how and why the aspect of the text or the quotation 'works' within the context of the essay question and the originally stated argument. Certain key questions need to be answered concerning each quotation used: What techniques have been used to make the language of the eliot asinof quotation effective? This means discussing the writer's methods , e.g. through the creation of realistic dialogue; the use of an effective metaphor; through vivid description; onomatopoeia; alliteration; effective stage directions, etc. How does the oscar wilde method used affect the reader's understanding of the text and the black explained its themes (e.g. 'the effect of this passage is to create a sense of really being there for the reader. ')? Why was this method used (i.e. what was the writer's purpose )? E.g. 'At this point on the story the oscar wilde gray author wants to gain the reader's attention in order to begin exploring the overall theme of injustice. ' MARK GRABBING TIP No. 1! Begin all of your paragraphs in Standford Prison such a way that it is wilde dorian absolutely clear you are focused on 3D Organ Printing the essay question and its requirements, thus building up your overall argument.
This will keep the essay on wilde dorian gray track and avoid the plague of poor essays: wandering, digression and waffle! What if your essay title isn't in Cultural Affect the form of a question? When considered as a question, you will often find it is easier to oscar wilde dorian gray generate that all-important single main point of view to it - the main idea upon which you will then base the remainder of your essay . Here is an example of a main idea succinctly stated (i.e. thesis statement ) that could be used to create an argument essay from the above question: The remainder of this - or any other - essay must then be no more than a linked series of points with each point explained , developed and suri tribes supported in a paragraph of its own . These points must all be directly related to the main idea you have already explained in the opening paragraph, which itself is your response to the essay title or question. Remember that each point - each paragraph - must set out to explain , develop and support some aspect of your over-riding main idea and nothing more . In this example, the paragraph that follows the dorian gray opening paragraph - the suri tribes first of what is called the body paragraphs of your essay - could be based on the point that the oscar gray theme of ambition is shown through what Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are given by Shakespeare to say and do in Act One of the Essay play. The third paragraph of your essay - its second body paragraph - might then explore, develop and wilde support how the theme of ambition is shown through these two characters in some part of Act 2, and suri tribes so on. Below you'll find lots more detail and ideas for writing an effective essay but with luck, the above will have given you the basic idea. Aim to 'integrate' words or phrases from the text you are studying directly into your own sentences (still using quotation marks, of course). Don't overdo this effective technique, but used sparingly, this use of 'embedded' quotations can help create a very impressive style, one that suggests you have a good grasp of the gray text and the essay question. Here are some examples of how to use embedded quotations.
The first is from the opening of John Steinbeck's novel, 'Of Mice and Men': 'Small and quick' George is presented by Steinbeck as a character in complete contrast to his friend, the lumbering and suri tribes 'shapeless' Lennie. Here is a similarly embedded quotation from dorian, J B Priestley's 'An Inspector Calls': As the Inspector says, 'We don't live alone' and on Racism this is an important message Priestley gives his audience. Finally, see how this can be done using John Agard's poem, 'Half-Caste': Perhaps Agard also wants his reader to 'come back tomorrow' with a different attitude towards those they might feel are in any way different from wilde gray, themselves. MORE TIPS AND MORE DETAIL!
Essays take a great deal of effort and time and so deserve careful preparation. T he most common failing examiners find is a lack of understanding of the text on which the essay is based. This is to take the Study Essay road signpos ted 'Failure'. But you're heading elsewhere. So. get to know your text well. You won't succeed if you don't! I f you struggle with the text, read it through again with a study guide to hand. Also, talk the text over with friends or your teacher.
There is more help with specific texts here . Many essay writers fail to wilde gray create an initial main viewpoint or drift from Essay, this single focus. This loses marks as it leads to waffle , vagueness and generalisation . As you've read above, another common pitfall is to focus too much on the surface features of the text you are writing about. This happens when you write at length about the meaning of the text, i.e. by telling what happens in it. In effect, all you are doing when you do this is to oscar wilde retell the everything that theme story of the text. You need to wilde dorian gray be discussing how and why the author has created an effective text through careful, interesting and effective choices of style and language as well as structure . M ore marks are lost if you forget the need to support the eliot asinof points you make in each paragraph. A good idea is to dorian try to use at Printing least one quotation - or reference to the text - per paragraph.
Remember, too, that this is an English essay and this means you need to reflect how authors use language and literary techniques in oscar wilde effective ways in their writing . Aim only to choose quotations that contain important elements in them that will allow you to discuss in depth aspects of, for example, their literary style , language or structure. Consider discussing, for example, how the quotation acts to build tension , mood , character , a sense of place or how it helps explore one of the text's themes . Discuss, too, how the quotation works both at the point it occurs and as a contribution to the whole , i.e. the swan way it helps the writer achieve his or her purpose . This means you need to discuss aspects of the quotation such as its effectiveness - which means discussing aspects of language , structure and style . 1. DEVELOP A STRONG INITIAL FOCUS FOR YOUR ESSAY. The word 'essay' comes from oscar dorian, a French word meaning 'attempt': your essay is your attempt to argue for your point of eliot asinof view , a view that when succinctly expressed is called a thesis statement . This 'thesis statement' needs to be an idea you developed based on oscar gray an interpretation of whatever aspect of the text is Standford asked in the essay question. Interpretation means considering how a text operates at different levels ; it is your interpretation of the text that will be at the heart of the oscar dorian gray essay: an interpretation that must supports the eliot asinof overall thesis statement. 2. FIND SOLID SUPPORT FOR YOUR VIEWPOINT. You will need to search through the oscar text and note down a series of Essay Cultural Myths' aspects and quotations that can be used to support the overall view you have developed. Use 'post-it notes' to help with this or write the aspects/quotations down separately. Choose aspects or quotations that you can analyse successfully for the methods used , effects created and purpose intended . 3. WRITE AN EFFECTIVE OPENING PARAGRAPH. Use your introductory paragraph to state your point of view , i.e. your thesis statement. The purpose of your opening paragraph is to make clear your thesis statement - response to oscar dorian the essay question: that is, to explain the suri tribes focus of your argument - your main idea or point of view.
Stated clearly at the opening to wilde your essay, this shows how you intend to answer the essay question and what general direction your essay will take. Following your thesis statement, it's a good idea to add a little more detail that acts to 'preview' each of the major points that you will cover in the body of the essay. This opening paragraph will then act to show - succinctly - where you stand regarding the questions and how you intend to answer it. Importantly, in the opening paragraph of your essay you will also need to write an overview of the text, one that gives a succinct summary of the ' big picture ' of the text; importantly, too, of suri tribes course, this must be focused on the requirements of the essay question. Giving a succinct account of the big picture of the dorian gray text in the opening paragraph will show that you have engaged with and digested the suri tribes detail of three key aspects of the essay: the essay question, the text and its author - perhaps also, a brief account of the author's context . Giving an overview suggests a confident approach and is a hallmark of the best essays. TIP: It is always impressive to incorporate into your own sentences, using quotation marks of course, a short suitable quotation taken from the text. Wilde Dorian Gray! Some teachers call this using embedded quotations. Keep all references to the biographical background of the Prison Study author and any aspects of his or her context entirely relevant to the essay question and wilde gray - brief! Remember that this is not a history or a sociology essay so very few marks are awarded for this kind of suri tribes background information (although that does not mean it might not be useful). The majority of gray marks in an English essay are awarded for the quality of analysis and eliot asinof interpretation you show - that is, an awareness of the author's uses of the English language and literary uses of this. If your essay title does concern aspects of context try hard to discuss context by deriving your comments from oscar wilde dorian gray, quotations rather than by merely discussing aspects of context; in other words allow the text to Essay Cultural Myths' Affect on Racism and Society introduce the context.
TIP: avoid making simplistic and irrelevant value judgments of the text or its author. Saying that Shakespeare is oscar dorian 'a wonderful author' or that you think 'Of Mice and Men' is 'really good' will gain no marks whatsoever - this is no more than a kind of waffle that fills space with empty words that add nothing useful to your essay. 4. USE THE REMAINING PARAGRAPHS EFFECTIVELY. Follow the opening paragraph with a number of paragraphs that form the 'body' of the essay. Each of these paragraphs are there purely to expand on and support your originally stated overall viewpoint.
Having stated your main idea in your opening paragraph, now you need explore this, develop it and provide support from the 3D Organ Printing Essay text for this. In the essay's body paragraphs your aim is to: follow the analysis system called P.E.E. or P.Q.C. For more on this see here ; work through the text's structure logically and, highlighting via the use of quotations, explain how these led you to develop your point of view; comment on how the language of wilde gray each of these parts led you to form your interpretation: why did the author choose this particular type of language to make this point in this way? How does it help a) the audience and b) the writer's purpose or theme ? discuss how this individual part of the text forms a useful structural part of the text by leading the reader towards an suri tribes overall understanding of the themes, messages or purposes of the text; CRUCIALLY. each paragraph needs to oscar wilde gray develop a separate and Essay Affect and Society individual point - one that will help to show how different parts and aspects of the text helped you develop your interpretation and viewpoint (this is the POINT part of P.E.E.); A useful tip is to open each paragraph with a topic sentence . This is wilde dorian gray a sentence that clearly makes a point that is eliot asinof developing your argument - your answer to the essay question - and, because it is, therefore, clearly focused on the essay question, it will keep your writing on track; Always aim to provide support for each of the points you make by referring directly to the text (this is the EXAMPLE part of wilde P.E.E.). You normally do this by quoting briefly from a relevant part of the text but you might choose to eliot asinof describe an event. It's very important NOT to write a long description of oscar dorian WHAT happens.
If you do you are merely 'retelling the story' - this loses many marks. In a play you also lose marks if you do not discuss aspects of the staging and stage action. You will need to follow each quotation with an explanation of and a discussion on aspects of the language the author used in the quotation; this means discussing, for example, how aspects of the quotations literary, poetic or dramatic language works, including mentioning the method the writer used, the effect the language creates and the reasons this might have been done (this is the EXPLAIN part of 3D Organ Printing P.E.E). You should also aim to show how the quotation helped you develop your overall interpretation of the text (this is also the EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). 5. CREATE A LOGICAL STRUCTURE. Always work in a clear way through the text, from beginning to wilde dorian end.
Avoid starting your essay by suri tribes, discussing a point that occurs half way through your text: ALWAYS begin at the beginning! Many students begin discussing a text half way through or even near the end then go back to an earlier point. Oscar Wilde Dorian Gray! This ignores the work the writer puts in to develop an effective structure to everything converge their text - and loses marks! 6. CONCLUDE EFFECTIVELY. The conclusion to an essay is important but causes problems for wilde dorian many students. It should leave your reader with a pleasant and logical sense of 'closure' - a 'wrapping up' of the main ideas behind the essay . 1. Re-state in a different form (using rather different words) your opening argument. 2. Now bring together your main points (again, avoiding simple repetition of the same words): list or summarise the main points from the preceding paragraphs (use the that must converge topic sentences from oscar gray, each paragraph to give you an idea). 3. End by identifying some of the wider implications and relevance that arise from what you have found and explored. The conclusion should consist of just a few sentences but these will need to be made to sound convincing and authoritative . It's crucial to keep the conclusion brief and to Essay the point and, above all else, to introduce no new material at all. ALWAYS WRITE ANALYTICALLY , NEVER DESCRIPTIVELY.
Here is an example of how many students go wrong; don't worry, you won't - but this is oscar dorian gray a very common mistake: In William Shakespeare's play, 'Romeo and Juliet', these are the first two lines of the 'Prologue' as spoken by 'The Chorus': 'Two households, both alike in Standford Prison Essay dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene. ' What follows is a typical 'retelling': an 'overview' or 'translation' that gains no marks : 'Here, Shakespeare is saying that the play is set in wilde Verona where there are two dignified families.' Compare the above 'description' with this analytical and insightful interpretation : 'The opening lines of the Prologue are important because they paint a picture for Prison Study Essay the audience of what could and should be - fairness and dignity. These words set up a powerful contrast to what is: the violence, hatred and bloodshed shown in the coming scene. It will be against this violent backdrop that the pure love of Romeo and Juliet will have to struggle.'
Which approach and style would gain the higher mark? STUCK FOR WHAT TO WRITE ABOUT? THERE ARE FOUR KEY ASPECTS THAT APPLY TO ALL TEXTS AND WHICH SHOULD FORM THE BASIS OF ANY LITERATURE ESSAY. FORM, CONTENT, STRUCTURE AND STYLE. This is so very often ignored despite the fact that it provides the basis for the very best essays because it provides a subtle response. And subtlety always receives the highest marks ! When you write about wilde dorian, a text at the level of its form , you analyse how aspects of it other than the meaning of its language have been used by the writer in the black swan important and effective ways. To give you an idea of the importance of form to a text, you yourself make use of the form of language when you speak loudly or softly , or when you chat or text a friend and use CAPS LOCK. Also, when you create short or long sentences or paragraphs you are affecting the look - the gray form - of your writing. This, albeit subtly, affects the way the writing is received and interpreted. A novelist makes use of form by writing in sentences and paragraphs of varying lengths (you can imagine the suri tribes effect a very short sentence, or a one-line paragraph, for example).
The use of dialogue (spoken words shown inside speech marks) is also an effective use of form, as is the use of wilde dorian underlining , bold or italics - or, in non-fiction texts, the inclusion of Printing bullet points or sections. Poets are acutely aware of and very creative with the use of form. A poet makes use of oscar wilde gray form, for example, by suri tribes, consciously splitting up sentences into the lines of poetry . This allows the poet to exaggerate a particular word by placing it at dorian the end of a line, or by rhyming it with a similar sounding word. A non-fiction writer makes use of form by using layout and appearance and by adding illustrations and photographs , and so on. All writers use form by using patterns of sound , such as by using alliteration , rhyme , rhythm , onomatopoeia , assonance and so on.
A playwright, of course, uses form very differently. Everything That Must Theme! When your essay concerns a play, therefore, you'll definitely be losing marks if you ignore aspects of oscar wilde gray form. In a play, much of the 'meaning' is eliot asinof created not from oscar dorian gray, language but from what you see happening on the stage - the Printing staging and oscar dorian stage action. Study Essay! This includes not just what the wilde dorian actors do but what they wear , where they stand and so on - all potentially important formal aspects of the play that should find their way onto your essay. Form is always worthy of explained comment when (but only when ) if it adds usefully to the meaning, i.e. the oscar wilde gray content of a text. Every word and phrase has a literal meaning . This is its basic dictionary meaning. It's sometimes called a word's denotation . E.g. 'In this story, the author's detailed description of darkness denotes the coming on of a storm'. This is 3D Organ Essay a way of wilde gray 'playing' around with a word's meaning that makes writing more vivid , emotional and theme interesting . Words and phrases can be used differently from their literal context and given what is called a connotation . Using connotation or figurative language , a writer can introduce layers of meaning - especially emotional meaning (don't forget that many words can create both meaning and feeling ). The most common way this is done is to use a word not for its literal meaning but for its metaphorical or figurative meaning. Another way is to oscar wilde gray use a word that acts as symbolically and represents something very different from its literal meaning.
E.g. 'As well as suggesting the coming of a storm, the darkness also acts to suggest a metaphorical darkness is taking over the character's mind. Essay On Racism! In this way the darkness seems to be symbolising a kind of evil'. Using a pun - a witty play on words - is another way that meaning can be played with in an interesting way. Punning works because some words, in a certain context, can have an ambiguous meaning - two possible meanings - one of which might be humorous. Irony is a key way that writers use to create layers of meaning. Sarcasm is irony, but this is a spoken form of irony that is intended to hurt someone's feelings by dorian gray, ridiculing some aspect of them. That Must! It's a crude, easy kind of wilde dorian gray irony not really subtle enough for Study Essay writing.
Irony is usually subtle , sophisticated , edgy and wilde gray witty ; an altogether more intelligent use of language. Cultural On Racism! But irony can also be difficult to recognise - yet it is probably true to say that irony is one of the wilde gray most common means by which a sophisticated writer creates layers of Printing meaning in a text . Irony works because when it is recognised, it engages the reader very much more closely with the text. Wilde! This is suri tribes because, rather like solving a puzzle, there is a real enjoyment and satisfaction in unpicking the various levels of meaning created by wilde dorian, the irony. Creating an 'ironic tone of voice' in writing is much harder than in speech because the Cultural Affect and Society original sound of voice and facial expression or body language of the speaker are absent. To create an ironic tone (or any tone, for that matter), words have to be chosen with great care.
It is a key reading skill to be able to detect this as it tells you what attitude the writer is taking towards their subject matter. An example of irony occurs in an old story by O. Henry called 'The Gift of the Magi'. This story of poor young lovers ends with the boyfriend selling the one thing he owns of value, his pocket watch, in order to wilde gray buy his girlfriend an eliot asinof expensive hair comb; equally secretly, she has all of her long hair cut off to oscar gray sell to a wig maker so she can afford to buy him. a chain for his watch. Structure is the way a writer consciously 'shapes' a piece of writing in an attempt to make it as effective as possible for their audience and Essay Cultural Myths' Affect on Racism their purpose. It is important to comment on the structure of a text, e.g. Oscar Dorian! 'The way the author slowly builds up the tension throughout this chapter helps create a feeling of real excitement and mystery'. Style is the way a writer or speaker consciously chooses language and suri tribes language features to suit a particular audience to achieve a specific purpose . When you aim to convince your mum that Friday's party cannot be missed, you will consciously adapt your style to one that is more emotional and oscar wilde persuasive!
Some famous writers have a particular style of their own that is Essay quickly recognisable. Dorian! John Steinbeck, Charles Dickens and William Wordsworth are three such writers - here, a writer's individual style is sometimes referred to as the writer's 'voice'. Your primary job when analysing and discussing a text is to Standford Study Essay comment on its style - on what are called the stylistic or language choices its writer has made, especially those that seem to wilde you to eliot asinof have been chosen to create a particular effect to achieve a certain purpose. So. if you are commenting on the form and content of a writer's language, you are commenting on the writer's style . COMPARING TWO OR MORE TEXTS. Even though it's a central part of the mark scheme, and always made clear in the essay question or title, each year many students still manage to write their comparison exam answer or coursework essay and wilde dorian gray forget to compare and contrast the texts . Aside from Cultural and Society, not knowing the texts sufficiently well, failing to compare and contrast is the number one reason marks are lost in this kind of essay. When writing about oscar wilde dorian gray, more than one text, your opening paragraph should be used to give the briefest details of each text (i.e. your writing needs to be succinct !). This will mean being even more careful and sparing when you write an overview of each text, in which you give the big picture . There are two methods you can consider using when comparing texts: 1) Write about the first text fully before moving on to the second - still using the techniques outlined above; but when you go on to write about the second text, you must compare and eliot asinof contrast it with the first. 2) Alternatively, and this makes the most sense when thinking about the oscar argument essay, you write about Prison Study, both texts as you proceed . This allows you still, as shown above, to create a central argument , one in oscar wilde dorian gray which examples to eliot asinof support the points are taken from one or both texts as relevant to the point.
This second method is the more complex and sophisticated of the two.