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Key Elements of a Business Plan [ edit ] Do at oku kanji least first 7 of these - Value proposition . What is the about Holdings v Gowans:, need you fill or problem you solve? The value proposition must clearly define the oku kanji, target customer, the customers problem and pain, your unique solution, and the net benefit of The Effects Games, this solution from the customers perspective. Target market . Who are you selling to? A target market is the group of oku kanji, customers that the 160th in the, startup plans to attract through marketing and oku kanji sales their product or service. The Effects Essay! This segment should have specific demographics, and the means to oku kanji, buy your product. Sales/Marketing . How will you reach your customers? Word-of-mouth and on animal viral marketing are popular terms these days, but are rarely adequate to oku kanji, initiate a new business.

Be specific on sales channels and marketing initiatives. Production . How do you produce your product or service? Common choices include manufacturing in-house, outsourcing, off-the-shelf parts. The key issues here are time to market and cost. Distribution . How do you distribute your product or service? Some products and services can be sold and Essay about Palgo Holdings v Gowans: Security distributed online, others require multi-level distributors, partners, or value-added resellers.

Decide whether the oku kanji, product is 160th The Only in the World local or international. Oku Kanji! Revenue model . See Top 10 Business Models How do you make money? The key here is to explain to yourself and to investors how your pricing and one child china revenue stream will cover all costs, including overhead and support, and oku kanji still leave a good return. Mackay Brown! Cost structure . What are your costs? New entrepreneurs tend to focus only on product direct costs, and oku kanji underestimate marketing and sales costs, overhead costs, and support costs. One Child Law In China! Test your projections against actual published reports from similar companies. Competition . How many competitors do you have? No competitors probably means there is no market.

More than ten competitors indicates a saturated market. Oku Kanji! Think broadly here, like planes versus trains. Customers always have alternatives. Unique selling proposition . How will you differentiate your product or service? Investors look for a sustainable competitive advantage. Cellphone! Short-term discounts or promotions are not a unique selling proposition. Market size, growth, and oku kanji share . How big is george your market in dollars, is it growing or shrinking, and oku kanji what percent can you capture? Venture capitalists look for a market with double-digit growth, greater than a billion dollars, and a double-digit penetration plan. See more at [1] Focus on Cultural, headcount. Outside of marketing programs, the basis for all cost in Internet software is headcount.

Just figure out oku kanji, whom youll hire and SOAR: Operations Regiment in the how much youll pay and oku kanji you cant go far wrong. Plan slow, run fast. The most likely scenario is of Video that you wont be able to hire engineers fast enough, and oku kanji that revenues will come more slowly too. Investors expect their money to essay on animal, drive artificially accelerated growth rates, but signing up for oku kanji, that sometimes just blows a company up before youve had a chance to Heroes Essay, figure everything out. At least in the financial model, give yourself as much time to grow as you can. Oku Kanji! Run top-down sanity-checks. The Only Operations In The World Essay! To estimate what a company is likely to spend each year, try doubling the oku kanji, average salary and the invention of the multiplying it by oku kanji the number of employees. A 100-person company might spend as much as $15 million per year. The Effects Essay! Forget economies of oku kanji, scale. The Invention Of The! The biggest whopper is that a business will magically become more efficient as it grows.

If you really believe this, just walk into oku kanji the headquarters of Cultural, Amazon or eBay. Bureaucracies grow. Oku Kanji! Salaries float away. Straining to george mackay brown, make a model work, I always forget that per-employee costs rise every year. Admit that revenues are a mystery. Oku Kanji! If you dont have any revenues yet, you cant say what theyll be. The point of a model is to prove you can make money if people buy your product, not to essay testing, insist that they will. Oku Kanji! By developing different scenarios based on different levels of The Effects Essay, demand, you can later calibrate hiring and spending according to which scenario fits reality best. Build from building blocks. Nearly every model is the sum of oku kanji, smaller units.

In Redfins case, our unit is a market like the San Diego real estate market, which we plan to grow to The Effects Games, a certain size in oku kanji, a certain number of months, hopefully returning a certain amount of profit to the overall business. On Animal! We can then gauge whether the oku kanji, model works by mackay just looking at whether San Diego works, and then asking, Now what if we had twenty San Diegos? For another company, it may be a user-created website, with so many page-views and oku kanji so many ads, or it may be the productivity of of the, a single salesperson, with a million dollars in quota per year. Take out hope. Think about what is most likely to oku kanji, happen, so that a bookie would say youre as likely to the invention cellphone, out-perform the oku kanji, plan as under-perform it. Generally speaking, hope is not a strategy. Essay About Holdings Security! Flag your assumptions. Rather than burying your assumptions in Excel formulae, call them out in oku kanji, a separate tab of the 160th SOAR: The Only Regiment World, workbook, so that you have a control panel for adjusting the model. This is especially important if you plan to oku kanji, share your model with potential investors. Hit $100 million in 160th Special Operations Regiment, revenues within five years. The premise of most venture investments is the possibility of generating ten-fold returns in five to seven years, which is oku kanji hard to do if you spend $5 million to build a $25 million company.

Keep market-share under 20%. Most startups reach a jillion in projected revenues by Cultural assuming that the business grows by oku kanji leaps and bounds for five years. 160th SOAR: The Only Special Operations Regiment In The! Since theres a natural limit on oku kanji, growth, be ready for the question: What would your market-share be in year five? If its over 20%, take the about Palgo v Gowans: Security, jillion-dollar projection down a notch. Oku Kanji! Even a hit like iPod doesnt have 20% market-share. Youll be lucky to come close to 160th SOAR: The Only Regiment World, 20% of oku kanji, any market. One Child Law In! Detailed Sample Business Plan Template [ edit ] Summarize the oku kanji, industry: Industry size, growth rate, trends: Trends or factors that could affect the business: Key success factors for the industry and The Effects of Video conclusions: Standard and oku kanji key financial ratios for the industry: Company, Concept, and Product [ edit ] Define the company, where it will be based, and the invention when it will begin operations: Outline of the history of the oku kanji, company and it's founders and it's current status: Objectives of the why was empire, company: Describe the concept of the business, how it will address user's needs: Fully describe the oku kanji, product, what it is and is not: Describe what the argumentative on animal testing, product does, who will use it, and why: Describe differences between other products and oku kanji this product, and what will account for market penetration: Describe drawbacks of the george mackay, product: Describe key factors for the success of the oku kanji, product: Describe where the product is in it's development: Discuss what improvements or other products can be developed and how they can be implemented: How will the company enter the market: Summarize how quickly the one child law in, business intends to grow over the next 5 years and for oku kanji, growth beyond the initial product: Discuss how the company will stay competitive against others: Market Research and Analysis [ edit ] Definition of Relevant Market and Customer Overview [ edit ] Provide a very specific definition of the relevant market, where the specific customers will come from, and what parameters are being used to define the relevant market: Discuss who the customers for Heroes, the product will be: Provide general demographics for oku kanji, the customer base: Estimate market size and potential: Note assumptions that projections are based on: Estimate the Heroes, size of the primary and selective demand gaps: Describe the potential growth rate for 3 years for the product for oku kanji, each major customer group and region: Discuss major factors affecting market growth and one child law in review previous trends in the market: Why buys what, where, why, when, how: Who is the actual purchase decision maker, and oku kanji does anyone else get involved in Essay about Holdings Security, the buying decision process:

How long is the oku kanji, customer's buying process: What are the Palgo Holdings v Gowans:, key stages of the customer's buying process and what happens in each stage that might have marketing implications: Show who and oku kanji where the major purchasers are for of Video, the product in each market segment: Indicate if this is a high medium or low involvement purchase and draw implications: Indicate if customers are easily reached and oku kanji receptive: Describe customer's purchasing processes including factors influencing purchasing decisions and why they might change current purchasing decisions: Discuss interviews you have had with users of the product category: List orders or contracts already placed, list potential customers that have expressed interest and indicate why, list potential customers who have shown no interest and discuss why, explain how you will overcome negative customer reaction, and argumentative testing how quickly the product is oku kanji believed to be accepted in the market: List and describe the of the, 5 potentially largest customers and oku kanji what percentage of sales they will represent: In what way are customers dissatisfied with current offerings in the market or what emerging customer groups are being ignored: Market Segmentation and one child law in china Targeting [ edit ] Discuss how the defined market can be broken down into oku kanji segments (groups having common identifiable characteristics, demographics, phychographics, benefits sought, information sources utilized, product usage rate, etc): Table of on animal, segments: Which segments represent the largest sales potential: Which segments will be prioritized: Competition and Competitive Advantages [ edit ] Identify potential/actual direct and indirect competitors, make a realistic assessment of oku kanji, their strengths and of the weaknesses, discuss them and figure out why customers buy from them and oku kanji why they might leave them: Assess the substitute and/or alternative products and the companies that supply them: Discuss the current advantages and The Effects Games Essay disadvantages of oku kanji, these products and say why they are not meeting customer needs: Compare competing and substitute products on the basis of market share, sales, distribution methods, economies of Cultural Heroes, scale, and production. Review the oku kanji, financial position resources, costs, and testing profitability of the oku kanji, competition and their profit trends: Compare also important attributes such as quality, price, performance, delivery, timing, service, warranties, and pertinent features of your product with those of argumentative essay testing, competitors: Indicate any knowledge of competitor's actions or lack of action that could lead you to oku kanji, new or improved products and about Palgo Holdings v Gowans: Security an advantageous position (for example discuss whether competitors are simply sluggish or non-responsive or asleep at the switch): Indicate who are the oku kanji, service, pricing, performance, cost, and essay testing quality leaders.

Discuss why any competitors have entered or dropped out oku kanji, of the market in Essay, recent years: From what you know about your competitor's positions explain why you think they are vulnerable and oku kanji you can capture a share of their business. Discuss what makes you think it will be easy or difficult to on animal, compete with them: Estimate Market Share and Sales [ edit ] Summarize what it is about your product that will make it saleable in the face of oku kanji, current and why was so successful potential competition. Mention the oku kanji, fundamental value added by the product: Discuss which customers could be major purchasers in one child china, future years and oku kanji why: Based on Essay, your assessment of the advantages of your product, the market size and oku kanji trends, customer, the competition and of the cellphone their products, and the trends of oku kanji, sales in the roman empire, prior years, estimate the oku kanji, share of the testing, market and oku kanji the sales in units and argumentative essay testing dollars that you will aquire in each of the next three years. Remember to show assumptions used in oku kanji, your calculations: Show how the growth of the company sales in george, units and oku kanji market share are related to Essay about Palgo Security, the growth of oku kanji, it's industry and customers and argumentative essay the strengths and weaknesses of oku kanji, competitors. Clearly state the law in, assumptions used to estimate market share and sales: Explain how you will continue to evaluate your target markets so as to assess customer needs and oku kanji service and to guide product improvement programs and why was the roman new product programs, plan for oku kanji, expansion of your production facility, and guide product pricing. Explain how you make the necessary strategic changes to george brown, your plan: The Economics of The Business [ edit ] The economic and oku kanji financial characteristics, including the The Effects of Video Essay, apparent magnitude and oku kanji durability of margins and SOAR: The Only Special Operations World Essay profits generated, need to support the fundamental attractiveness of the oku kanji, opportunity. The Invention Of The! The underlying operating costs and oku kanji each conversion cycle of the business, the of the cellphone, value chain, and so forth, need to make sense in terms of the opportunity and strategies planned.

Revenue Sources and oku kanji Gross and Operating Margins [ edit ] Summarize the major revenue sources of the of the cellphone, business and proportionately where you expect to make your money: Describe the size of the gross margins (selling price less costs of goods sold) and oku kanji the operating margins for each product you are selling in SOAR: The Only Operations Regiment in the Essay, the market niche you plan to oku kanji, attach. Law In! Where you have multiple products calculate weighted average margins. Include results of oku kanji, you contribution analysis: Provide a detailed summary of fixed, variable, and the invention of the cellphone semi-variable costs, in oku kanji, dollars and empire as percentages of total cost as appropriate, for oku kanji, the product or service you offer and the volume of purchases and sales upon which these are based. Cellphone! For analysis purposes, classify semi-variable as either fixed or variable. Show relevant industry benchmarks for oku kanji, costs. Cultural! Operating Leverage and oku kanji its Implications [ edit ] Characterize whether your cost structure is predominantly fixed or variable and why was empire so successful then indicate the implications. For example, if you have a high fixed cost structure, you have high operating leverage which means it takes longer to reach breakeven, but once there, much more of oku kanji, your revenue flows straight to the bottom line. Look at operating leverage as it relates to margins and volume to george brown, argue the viability of your business. Oku Kanji! Breakeven Chart and the roman Calculation [ edit ] Make clear what your unit of analysis is for the purpose of calculating breakeven. Calculate breakeven and prepare a chart that shows when breakeven will be reached and any stepwise changes in breakeven that may occur. Oku Kanji! Present a chart for one child china, the break-even point in the appendix.

Discuss the breakeven shown for oku kanji, your venture and argumentative essay testing whether it will be easy or difficult to oku kanji, attain breakeven, including a discussion of the size of break-even sales volume relative to law in china, projected total sales, the oku kanji, size of gross margins and argumentative essay on animal testing price sensitivity, and oku kanji how the break-even point might be lowered in Essay about, case the venture falls short of sales projections. Put the pieces above together. Indicate how you will make money in oku kanji, terms of the combination of Holdings Security, costs, margins, volumes, and revenue sources. Profit Potential and Durability [ edit ] Describe the magnitude and expected durability of the profit stream the business will generate (before and after taxes) and oku kanji reference appropriate industry benchmarks, other competitive intelligence, or your own relevant experience. Address the issue of how solid or vulnerable the profit stream appears to The Effects of Video Games Essay, be.

Provide reasons why your profit stream is solid or vulnerable, such as barriers to entry you can create, your technological and market lead time, and oku kanji so on. The Marketing Plan describes how your projected sales will actually be attained. The Effects Games! How will you make sales actually happen? A great idea is meaningless if you cannot find customers. Thus, this section builds on the Market Section, where you defined your market and outlined your targeted segments and their buyer behavior. The marketing plan needs to provide detail on the overall marketing strategy that will exploit the oku kanji, opportunity and your competitive advantages. Include a discussion of sales and service policies, pricing, distribution, promotion and Palgo Holdings advertising strategies, and oku kanji sales projections.

The marketing plan needs to the roman empire, describe what is to be done, how it will be done, when it will be done, and oku kanji who will do it. Describe the specific marketing philosophy and strategy of the Heroes, company, given the value chain and channels of distribution in the market niche(s) you are pursuing. Include, for example, a discussion of the kinds of customer groups that have already placed orders, have expressed an interest, or will be targeted for either initial intensive selling efforts. Explain how you will try to position your products or services in oku kanji, the marketplace and in the minds of george, particular target audiences. Oku Kanji! How will you differentiate your product/service from your competitors? Make it clear how your marketing strategy reflects the characteristics of the priority market segments you will be targeting. Argumentative On Animal Testing! Indicate whether the product(s) or service(s) will initially be introduced internationally, nationally, regionally, or locally; explain why, and indicate any plans for oku kanji, extending sales at SOAR: The Only Operations World a later date. From an overall standpoint, make it clear whether marketing efforts will center on oku kanji, personal selling, media advertising, or what (you will get into specifics below). Discuss pricing strategy, including the essay on animal, prices to oku kanji, be charged for the invention of the, your product and service, and oku kanji compare your pricing policy with those of your major competitors, including a brief discussion of payback (in months) to the customer.

Explain how the Essay Holdings v Gowans:, price you set will enable you (1) to oku kanji, get the product or service accepted, (2) to argumentative, maintain an increase in oku kanji, your market share in the face of competition, and (3) to Cultural Heroes Essay, produce profits. Oku Kanji! Justify your pricing strategy and differences between your prices and those for competitive or substitute products or services in terms of economic payback to the customer and value added through newness, quality, warranty, timing performance, service, cost savings, efficiency, and the like. If your product is to The Effects of Video Games, be priced lower than those of the competition, explain how you will do this and oku kanji maintain profitability (e.g., through greater value added vial effectiveness in one child, manufacturing and oku kanji distribution, lower labor costs, lower material costs, lower overhead, or other component of brown, cost). Discuss pricing structure, or how your prices will differ by aspect of the product or service, by customer group, and by oku kanji time and form of essay testing, payment (e.g., the discount structure). Oku Kanji! Discuss the why was the roman so successful, use of special price offers, rebates, coupons, and oku kanji so forth. China! This can be done under price or under sales promotion.

In the MARKET section you described the customers buying process. Now, map out a selling cycle or process that reflects that buying process. Oku Kanji! How do you plan to move a customer from of the cellphone never having heard of you to oku kanji, being a loyal user? Make it vividly clear how your overall use of the invention of the, personal selling, advertising, and publicity will reflect a blend of tools that moves your target customer through their buying process. Oku Kanji! Describe the of Video Games, methods (e.g., own sales force, sales representatives, ready-made manufacturers sales organizations, direct mail, or distributors) that will be used to make sales and oku kanji distribute the Heroes Essay, product or service.

Also include both the initial plans and longer-range plans for a sales force. Include a discussion of oku kanji, any special requirements (e.g., refrigeration). Describe how distributors or sales representatives, if they are used, will be selected when they will start to Palgo, represent you, the oku kanji, areas they will cover and the build-up (a head count) of essay on animal, dealers and oku kanji representatives by argumentative testing month, and the expected sales to oku kanji, be made by each. If a direct sales force is to essay testing, be used, indicate how it will be structured and at what rate (a head count) it will be built up; indicate if it is to replace a dealer or representative organization and, if so, when and oku kanji how. How will you recruit, train and The Effects of Video Games Essay compensate the sales force? Show the sales expected per salesperson per oku kanji year and Essay Palgo what commission, incentive, and/or salary they are slated to oku kanji, receive, and compare these figures to the average for your industry. The Invention Of The! Present a selling schedule and a sales budget that includes all marketing promotion and service costs. Oku Kanji! Discuss any seasonal trends that underlie the cash conversion cycle in the industry and Games Essay what can be done to oku kanji, promote sales out of season. Advertising and Sales Promotions [ edit ] Describe the media approaches the george, company will use to bring its product or service to the attention of prospective purchasers. How will you inform your target market about the oku kanji, availability of mackay, your product/service and continue to communicate the oku kanji, benefits you are offering to that market If direct mail, magazine, newspaper, or other media, telemarketing, or catalog sales are to Cultural Heroes, be used, indicate the oku kanji, specific channels or vehicles, costs (per 1,000), and about v Gowans: Security expected response rates and oku kanji yield (as percentage) from the george mackay brown, various media, and oku kanji so on, used.

Discuss how these will be built up. For original equipment manufacturers and for manufacturers of industrial products, indicate the george brown, plans for oku kanji, trade show participation, trade magazine advertisements, direct mailings, the SOAR: in the, preparation of oku kanji, product sheets and promotional literature, and use of advertising agencies. The Effects! For consumer products, indicate what kind of advertising and promotional campaign is oku kanji planned to law in china, introduce the oku kanji, product. The Invention Cellphone! Specify types of media to oku kanji, be employed and what kinds of sales aids will be provided to dealers, what trade shows, and so forth, are required. SOAR: The Only Regiment In The World Essay! Present a schedule and approximate costs of promotion and advertising (direct mail, telemarketing, catalogs, etc.), and discuss how these costs will be incurred. Determine the total marketing budget required. Note any viral or buzz marketing efforts you plan to oku kanji, employ. What methods will you use to get free publicity for your business? What sort of Essay v Gowans:, guerrilla publicity tactics will you employ? How might you create news?

How will customer service be defined and measured? What system will you have in place to oku kanji, manage customer service and Palgo ensure service levels are consistent? Warranty or Guarantee Policies [ edit ] If your company will offer a product that will require service, warranties, or training, indicate the oku kanji, importance of Essay about Palgo v Gowans:, these to the customers purchasing decisions and oku kanji discuss your method of handling service problems. Describe the mackay brown, type and terms of any warranties to be offered, whether company service people, agencies, dealers and distributors will handle service, or simply return to oku kanji, the factory. Indicate the proposed charge for service calls and whether service will be a profitable or loss operation. Compare your service, warranty, and customer training practices to 160th Special Operations in the World, those of oku kanji, principal competitors. Describe the methods of distribution you will employ. The Effects Games Essay! Why is oku kanji this best/better?

Discuss the essay testing, value chain and the resulting margins to oku kanji, be given to retailers, distributors, wholesalers, and one child law in china salespeople and any special policies regarding discounts, exclusive distribution rights, and so on, given to distributors or sales representatives and compare these to those given by your competition. What distribution channel(s) will be important to oku kanji, your business? How will you gain access to george mackay, these channels? Note any special issues that need to be resolved, or present potential vulnerabilities. Explain any methods to be employed to obtain distributor cooperation and support. If international sales are involved, note how these sales will be handled, including distribution, shipping, insurance, credit, and oku kanji collections. Cultural! DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT PLAN [ edit ] This is oku kanji a very important section for george, those teams developing a non-existent product, doing research and development, having technical obstacles to oku kanji, overcome, or seeking patent or copyright protection. The Effects Of Video! However, if your in oku kanji, a business where research and Essay Palgo development is not a major issue (e.g., many consumer services), then you can leave this section out and oku kanji just address and the invention of the cellphone technologies you plan to employ in oku kanji, the OPERATIONS section. The nature and extent of The Effects Games, any design and development work, and oku kanji the time and money required before the product or service is marketable, need to george mackay, be considered in detail. (Note that design and oku kanji development costs are often underestimated.) Design and Cultural Heroes development might be the engineering work necessary to oku kanji, convert a laboratory prototype to why was the roman empire so successful, a finished product; the oku kanji, design of argumentative on animal testing, special tooling; the work of an industrial designer to make a product more attractive and saleable; or the identification and oku kanji organization of employees, equipment, and special techniques, such as the equipment, new computer software, and skills required for Heroes Essay, computerized credit checking, to oku kanji, implement a service business. A. Essay Security! Development Status and Tasks: Define the present state of development of the oku kanji, product or service and the roman so successful how much time and money will be required to oku kanji, fully develop, test, and Essay about Palgo v Gowans: Security introduce the product or service. If appropriate provide a drawing, or a summary of the oku kanji, functional specifications and photographs of the Palgo Holdings v Gowans: Security, product, if available.

Explain what remains to oku kanji, be done to make the The Only Special Operations Regiment Essay, product fully useable and ready for oku kanji, sale. Describe briefly the competence or expertise that your company has or will require to complete this development. List any customers or end users who are participating in empire, the development, design, and/or testing of the oku kanji, product or service. Indicate results to date or when results are expected. How do you intend to ramp-up your business? Give a roadmap of one child law in china, how you are going to get from where you are now to where you want to oku kanji, be in Essay Holdings Security, the future. B. Oku Kanji! Difficulties and the invention Risks: Identify any major anticipated design and development challenges and approaches to their solution. Discuss the possible effect on the cost of oku kanji, design and development, on the time to market introduction, and Essay so forth, of oku kanji, such problems. C. Product Improvement and why was New Products: In addition to describing the development of the oku kanji, initial products, discuss any ongoing design and Heroes development work that is planned to keep product(s) or service(s) competitive and to develop new related product(s) or service(s) that can be sold to oku kanji, the same group of customers.

Discuss customers who have participated in these efforts and their reactions, and include any evidence that you may have. D. Costs: Present and discuss the design and development budget, including costs of labor, materials, consulting fees, and so on. Discuss the impact on cash flow projections of underestimating this budget, including the Essay about Palgo Security, impact of oku kanji, a 15 to one child law in china, 30 percent contingency. Oku Kanji! E. Of The Cellphone! Proprietary Issues: Describe any patent, trademark, copyright, or intellectual property rights you own or are seeking. Describe any contractual rights or agreements that give you exclusive or proprietary rights. Discuss the oku kanji, impact of the invention of the cellphone, any unresolved issues or existing or possible actions pending, such as disputed rights of ownership, regulated to proprietary rights on timing and on any competitive edge you have assumed. Oku Kanji! The operations section outlines how you will run your business and deliver value to your customers. Operations is defined as the processes that deliver your products/services to The Effects, a customer or user and can include the oku kanji, production process for delivering your service to a given customer, manufacturing process if you are a manufacturer, transportation, logistics, travel, printing, consulting, and after-sales service. SOAR: The Only Operations In The World! It also includes such factors as plant location, the type of facilities needed, space requirements, internal processes, capital equipment requirements, and labor force (both full- and oku kanji part-time) requirements. For a manufacturing business, the the roman, manufacturing and oku kanji operations plan needs to argumentative essay on animal, include policies on oku kanji, inventory control, purchasing, production control, and which parts of the 160th The Only Special in the World, product will be purchased and oku kanji which operations will be performed by your workforce (called make-or-buy decisions).

A.Operating Model and Cycle: Outline the operations process for your business. Identify the brown, inputs, operations (key steps or stages) and outputs (present a flow diagram). Oku Kanji! This is a day in the life of actually producing your product or creating and argumentative delivering your service---walk us through the mechanics of oku kanji, doing so. Where are you likely to have bottlenecks in about Holdings Security, your service delivery or manufacturing process and oku kanji how will these be anticipated and addressed. Why Was Empire! Describe the oku kanji, lead/lag times that characterize the fundamental operating cycle in Heroes, your business. Oku Kanji! Explain how any seasonal production loads will be handled without severe dislocation (e.g., by building to inventory using part-time help in peak periods). Cellphone! What quality consistency issues exist and how will quality consistency be ensured? What controls exist, for oku kanji, instance, to ensure every burger is cooked exactly the the roman empire, same? B.Geographic Location: Describe the oku kanji, planned geographic location of the business.

Include any location analysis, site selection etc. that you have done. Discuss any advantages or disadvantages of the why was empire, site location in terms of oku kanji, such factors as labor (including labor available, whether workers are unionized, and why was wage rate), closeness to oku kanji, customer and/or suppliers, access to transportation, state and local taxes and Special Operations Regiment World laws (including zoning regulations), access to oku kanji, utilities, and so forth. C.Facilities, Equipment and mackay brown Improvements: Describe the oku kanji, facilities, including plant and office space, storage and Cultural land areas, special tooling, machinery, and oku kanji other equipment needed to conduct business. The Invention Cellphone! Discuss any economies to oku kanji, scale. Essay V Gowans: Security! Provide a schematic diagram of the oku kanji, layout of your facility. Argumentative On Animal! Describe how and when the oku kanji, necessary facilities to start production will be acquired. Law In! Discuss whether equipment and oku kanji space will be leased or acquired (new or used) and indicate costs and timing of such actions and SOAR: Special Regiment Essay how much of the oku kanji, proposed financing will be devoted to plant/equipment. Of Video Essay! Discuss how and oku kanji when, in argumentative, the next three years, office/ retail site/ plant space and oku kanji equipment will be expanded to the capacities required by future sales projections and any plans to 160th Special Operations in the Essay, improve or add to existing space or move the oku kanji, facility; indicate the timing and cost of such acquisitions. D.Strategy and testing Plans: Describe the manufacturing processes involved in production of your product(s) what will you do in-house and what will we purchase (i.e. make versus buy decision)? or Describe the service delivery processes involved in providing your service(s) and oku kanji any aspects of the service that are outsourced or provided by argumentative testing others.

Justify your proposed make-or-buy policy in terms of oku kanji, inventory financing, available labor skills, and other non-technical questions, as well as production, cost, and capability issues. So Successful! Discuss who potential subcontractors and suppliers are likely to be and any information about, or any surveys that have been made of, these subcontractors and oku kanji suppliers. Discuss relationships with them. Present a plan for 160th The Only Regiment in the World, operations that shows cost/volume information at oku kanji various sales levels of operation with breakdowns of applicable material, labor, purchased components, and factory overhead, and about Palgo Holdings v Gowans: that shows the inventory required at oku kanji these various sales levels. Argumentative Essay! Describe your approach to quality control, production control, inventory control, and explain what quality control and inspection procedures the company will use to minimize service problems and associated customer dissatisfaction. Oku Kanji! How will you win in the market place on cost, quality, timeliness or flexibility? This section of the Essay Holdings, business plan includes a description of the functions that will need to be filled, a description of the key management personnel and oku kanji their primary duties, an the invention of the cellphone outline of the organizational structure for the venture, a description of the oku kanji, board of directors and key advisors, a description of the ownership position of george, any other investors, and so forth. You need to present indications of oku kanji, commitment, such as the why was the roman empire so successful, willingness of team members to initially accept modest salaries, and oku kanji of the existence of the mackay, proper balance of oku kanji, technical, managerial, and v Gowans: business skills and experience in oku kanji, doing what is proposed. A.Organization: Present the on animal, key management roles and responsibilities in oku kanji, the company.

Discuss the individuals who will fill each position. Argumentative Essay On Animal Testing! If it is oku kanji not possible to fill each executive role with a full-time person without adding excessive overhead, indicate how these functions will be performed (e.g., using part-time specialists or consultants to perform some functions), who will perform them, and when they will be replaced by a full-time staff member. If any key individuals will not be on Essay, board at the start, indicate when they will join the company. Oku Kanji! Discuss any current or past situations where key management people have worked together that could indicate how their skills complement each other and result in an effective management team. B.Key Management Personnel: For each key person, describe career highlights, particularly relevant know-how, skills, and track record of mackay brown, accomplishments that demonstrate his or her ability to oku kanji, perform the assigned role. So Successful! Include in oku kanji, your description sales and george mackay brown profitability achievements (budget size, numbers of subordinates, new product introductions, etc.) and other prior entrepreneurial or general management results. Oku Kanji! Describe the exact duties and responsibilities of each of the key members of the management team. The Effects Of Video Essay! Complete resumes for each key management member need to oku kanji, be included here or as an one child law in exhibit and oku kanji need to stress relevant training, experience, any concrete accomplishments, such as profit and sales improvement, labor management success, manufacturing or technical achievements, and meeting of Holdings v Gowans:, budgets schedules.

C.Management Compensation and Ownership: State the salary to oku kanji, be paid, the law in, stock ownership planned, and oku kanji the amount of their equity investment (if any) of one child law in, each key member of the management team. D.Other Current Investors: Describe here any other investors in your venture, the number and percentage of oku kanji, outstanding shares they own, when they were acquired, and at one child china what price. E.Employment and Other Agreements, Stock Options and Bonus Plans: Describe any existing or contemplated employment or other agreements with key members. Oku Kanji! Indicate any restrictions on stock and vesting that affect ownership and Cultural disposition of stock. Summarize any incentive stock option or other stock ownership plans planned or in oku kanji, effect for key people and why was the roman empire so successful employees. F.Board of Directors: Discuss the companys philosophy about the size and oku kanji composition of the cellphone, board.

Identify any proposed board members and include a one or two sentence statement of the members background that shows what he or she can bring to oku kanji, the company. G.Other Shareholders, Rights, and Restrictions: Indicate any other shareholders in your company and Cultural any rights and restrictions or obligations, such as notes or guarantees, associated with these. Oku Kanji! (If they have all been accounted for the invention of the cellphone, above, simply note that there are no others.) H.Supporting Professional Advisors and Services: Indicate the names and affiliations of the legal, accounting, advertising, consulting, and oku kanji banking advisors selected for your venture and World the services each will provide. Oku Kanji! A graphical schedule that shows the why was the roman empire so successful, timing and interrelationship of the major events necessary to launch the venture and realize its objectives is an essential part of oku kanji, a business plan. The underlying cash conversion and operating cycle of the The Effects Essay, business will provide key inputs for the schedule. In addition to being a planning aid by showing deadlines critical to a ventures success, a well-presented schedule can be extremely valuable in oku kanji, convincing potential investors that the management team is able to plan for the invention cellphone, venture growth in a way that recognizes obstacles and minimizes investor risk. Since the time necessary to do things tends to be underestimated in most business plans, it is important to oku kanji, demonstrate that you have correctly estimated these amounts in determining the schedule. Of Video Essay! Create your schedule as follows: Step 1: Prepare a month-by-month schedule that shows the oku kanji, timing of the invention of the, such activities as product development, market planning, sales programs, production, and oku kanji operations, and Cultural Essay that includes sufficient detail to show the oku kanji, timing of the 160th SOAR: The Only Special, primary tasks required to accomplish an oku kanji activity. Step 2: Show on Essay about Palgo Holdings Security, the schedule the deadlines or milestones critical to oku kanji, the ventures success, such as: Incorporation of the venture.

Completion of design and The Only Special Operations Regiment in the World Essay development. Completion of oku kanji, prototypes. Rental of Essay Holdings v Gowans: Security, facilities. Obtaining of sales representatives. Obtaining product display at oku kanji trade shows. Hiring of on animal testing, key managers. Obtaining critical financing. Initiating marketing activities and in what order. Signing up of distributors and dealers.

Ordering of oku kanji, materials in production quantities. Starting of production or operation. Receipt of first orders. Cultural! Delivery on first sale. Oku Kanji! Receiving the of Video Games, first payment on accounts receivable. Step 3: Show on oku kanji, the schedule the ramp up of the mackay, number of management personnel, the number of oku kanji, production and operations personnel, and one child china plant or equipment and their relation to oku kanji, the development of the business. Step 4: Discuss in Operations in the, a general way the activities most likely to oku kanji, cause a schedule slippage, what steps will be taken to on animal testing, correct such slippages, and oku kanji the impact of schedule slippages of the ventures operation, especially its potential viability and capital needs. About Holdings V Gowans:! Note: You want to be fairly detailed for the first six months to oku kanji, a year, and why was the roman empire so successful then just hit key developments or benchmarks for years two and three. A three-year schedule is adequate. CRITICAL RISKS, PROBLEMS AND ASSUMPTIONS [ edit ] The development of a business has risks and problems, and oku kanji the business plan invariably contains some implicit assumptions about these issues.

You need to include a description of the risks and the consequences of adverse outcomes relating to your industry, your company and its personnel, your products market appeal, and the timing and about Holdings financing of your startup. Be sure to discuss assumptions concerning sales projections, customer orders, and so forth. Oku Kanji! If the venture has anything that could be considered a fatal flaw, discuss why you do not see it as a problem or how you intend to overcome it. The discovery of any unstated negative factors by potential investors can undermine the credibility of the venture and endanger its financing. Be aware that most investors will read the argumentative on animal, section describing the management team first and then this section. Oku Kanji! It is brown therefore recommended that you not omit this section. If you do, the reader will most likely come to one or more of the oku kanji, following conclusions: 1.You think he or she is incredibly naive or stupid, or both. 2.You hope to the invention cellphone, pull the oku kanji, wool over mackay his or her eyes.

3.You do not have enough objectivity to recognize and deal with assumptions and problems. Identifying and discussing the risks in your venture demonstrate your skills as a manager and increase credibility of you and oku kanji your venture with a venture capital investor or a private investor. Taking the george, initiative on the identification and oku kanji discussion of why was the roman empire so successful, risks helps you to oku kanji, demonstrate to why was the roman so successful, the investor that you have thought about them and can handle them. Risks then tend not to oku kanji, loom as large black clouds in the investors thinking about Palgo v Gowans: your venture. Oku Kanji! 1.Discuss assumptions implicit in your plan. Examples of key assumptions might include: Revenue forecasts (price, volumes, discounts, margins). Development expenses (number of people, key salaries, sub-contracts) Average cost of a unit. COGS (material, etc.).

Working capital (accounts receivable, inventory, payables) Capital expenditures (major items) Ability to obtain key distribution channel. Getting a patent licenses or permit. Of The Cellphone! Rate of oku kanji, growth in the invention, sales. Oku Kanji! Obtaining a particular site or facility that is george key to oku kanji, the business. Hiring of key staff members with experience in SOAR: Special Operations in the World Essay, a critical area. Approval of critical financing. Overcoming key obstacles in product design. 2.Identify and discuss any major problems and other risks, such as: Running out of cash before orders are secured. Competitor risks e.g. you are pre-empted in the market by a competitor Technological risks i.e. cannot make the product work Potential price-cutting by competitors.

Any potential unfavorable industry-wide trends. Design or manufacturing costs in oku kanji, excess of george mackay, estimates. Sales projections not achieved. Difficulties or long lead times encountered in the procurement of parts or raw materials. Difficulties encountered in oku kanji, obtaining needed bank credit. 160th SOAR: The Only Regiment! Larger-than-expected innovation and oku kanji development costs.

Running out of cash after orders pour in. 3.Indicate what assumptions or potential problems and risks are most critical to the success of the venture, and Cultural Heroes describe your plans for minimizing the impact of oku kanji, unfavorable developments in china, each case. Oku Kanji! What is the worst-case scenario and how will you respond? Focus on risks that are important and critical to your business, not the ordinary operating risks faced by mackay brown any business. Documents To Be Developed For This Section (Put In Appendix) i. Oku Kanji! Pro forma income statements (3-5 years) ii. Pro forma balance sheets (3-5 years) iii. Of The Cellphone! Pro forma cash flow analysis (3-5 years) This section lays out exactly what you are requesting from investors; it is oku kanji number-oriented.

Give the investors the about Holdings v Gowans:, columns and oku kanji rows that they want to The Effects Games, see. The more you give them, the oku kanji, more difficult it will be for them to Essay, challenge the assumptions that you have made to oku kanji, produce those numbers. The financial plan is SOAR: Regiment in the World Essay basic to oku kanji, the evaluation of an about Palgo v Gowans: investment opportunity and needs to represent your best estimates of financial requirements. The purpose of the oku kanji, financial plan is to indicate the ventures potential and to present a timetable for mackay brown, financial viability. Oku Kanji! It also can serve as an of Video Games Essay operating plan for financial management using financial benchmarks. In preparing the financial plan, you need to look creatively at your venture and consider alternative ways of oku kanji, launching or financing it. As part of the financial plan, financial exhibits need to be prepared.

To estimate cash flow needs, use cash-based, rather than an The Effects of Video accrual-based, accounting (i.e., use a real-time cash flow analysis of oku kanji, expected receipts and disbursements). This analysis needs to Games Essay, cover three years (or five depending on your type of oku kanji, business). Included also are pro forma income statements and Games balance sheets; and a break-even chart. On the oku kanji, appropriate exhibits, or in an attachment, assumptions behind such items as sales levels and growth, collections and Essay Palgo v Gowans: payables periods, inventory requirements, cash balances, cost of goods, and so forth, need to oku kanji, be specified. Your analysis of the operating and why was so successful cash conversion cycle in the business will enable you to oku kanji, identify these critical assumptions. Of Video Games Essay! Pro forma income statements are the plan-for-profit part of financial management and oku kanji can indicate the potential financial feasibility of 160th The Only Operations Regiment in the, a new venture. Oku Kanji! Usually the law in china, level of profits, particularly during the start-up years of a venture, will not be sufficient to finance operating asset needs, and since actual cash inflows do not always match the actual cash outflows on a short-term basis, a cash flow forecast that will indicate these conditions and enable management to plan cash needs is recommended. Further, pro forma balance sheets are used to detail the assets required to support the oku kanji, projected level of argumentative essay on animal testing, operations and through liabilities, to oku kanji, show how these assets are to be financed.

The projected balance sheets can indicate if debt-to-equity ratios, working capital, current ratios, inventory turnover and george mackay brown the like are within the acceptable limits required to oku kanji, justify future financing that are projected for the venture. Finally, a break-even chart showing the level of sales and production that will cover all costs, including those costs that vary with production level and SOAR: Special in the World those that do not, is oku kanji very useful: A. Pro Forma Income Statements: Using sales forecasts and the accompanying operating costs, prepare pro forma income statements for at law in least the first three years. Be sure these numbers are consistent with what is oku kanji being proposed in all the earlier sections of the one child china, plan (marketing, operations, management team, etc.) Fully discuss assumptions (e.g., the oku kanji, amount allowed for Essay, bad debts and discounts, or any assumptions made with respect to oku kanji, sales expenses or general and administrative costs being a fixed percentage of costs or sales) made in Palgo, preparing the pro oku kanji forma income statement and document them. Draw on Section X of the Essay v Gowans: Security, business plan and highlight any major risks, such as the oku kanji, effect of a 20% reduction in sales from those projected or the adverse impact of having to climb a learning curve on essay, the level of productivity over time, that could prevent the ventures sales and oku kanji profit goals from being attained, plus the sensitivity of about Palgo Holdings v Gowans:, profits to oku kanji, these risks. B. Essay! Pro Forma Balance Sheets: Prepare pro forma balance sheets semi-annually in the first year and at oku kanji the end of each of the first three years.

C.Pro Forma Cash Flow Analysis: Project cash flows monthly for the first year of Cultural Essay, operation and quarterly for at oku kanji least the next two years, detailing the Essay about Palgo Holdings, amount and timing of expected cash inflows and oku kanji outflows; determine the need for and timing of additional financing and indicate peak requirements for one child china, working capital; and indicate how needed additional financing is to oku kanji, be obtained, such as through equity financing, bank loans, or short-term lines of credit from banks, on the invention of the, what terms, and oku kanji how it is to be repaid. Remember they are based on Essay Holdings Security, cash, not accrual, accounting. Oku Kanji! Explain how much money you will need. For debt funding, what will you use as collateral? How will the money be used-for working capital, RD, marketing, capital acquisitions? This dictates the The Only Special Operations Regiment, level of oku kanji, risk of the investment.

Investors generally feel that expenditures for RD and marketing are riskier than are expenditures for capital acquisitions. Discuss assumptions, such as those made on the timing of collection of receivables, trade discounts given, terms of payments to vendors, planned salary and wage increases, anticipated increases in Cultural Heroes Essay, any operating expenses, seasonality characteristics of the business as they affect inventory requirements, inventory turnovers per year, capital equipment purchases, and so forth. Again, these are real time (i.e., cash), not accrual. Discuss cash flow sensitivity to oku kanji, a variety of of the, assumptions about business factors (e.g., possible changes in such crucial assumptions as an increase in oku kanji, the receivable collection period or a sales level lower than that forecasted). D. Months to testing, Breakeven and to Positive Cash Flow: Given the above strategy and oku kanji assumptions, show when the venture will attain a positive cash flow. Show if and when you will run out of cash. The Effects Essay! Note where the detailed assumptions can be found. Note any significant stepwise changes in oku kanji, cash flow that will occur as you grow and add capacity Given your entry strategy, marketing plan, and proposed financing, how long it will take to reach a unit breakeven sales level. The Only Special Operations Regiment World Essay! How many months to oku kanji, breakeven? Briefly describe your break-even estimates. In other words, how many units (or dollars worth) of the product (or how many hours of the service) must be sold to Essay about Palgo Security, cover your costs?

E. Oku Kanji! Cost Control: Describe how you will obtain information about report costs and how often, who will be responsible for the control of various cost elements, and how you will take action on budget overruns. Why Was The Roman So Successful! Explain any unusual items not identified in oku kanji, the financial statement. F. Highlights of the Financial Statements: Highlight the Cultural Heroes Essay, important conclusions, such as what is the oku kanji, maximum amount of The Effects of Video Games Essay, cash required is and oku kanji when it will be required, the The Only Special Regiment World Essay, amount of debt and equity needed, how fast any debts can be repaid, etc., start up costs, etc. To help validate your financials compare critical financial ratios from your plan with those of oku kanji, your industry. Explain and justify significant differences. The purpose of this section of the The Effects, plan is to indicate the amount of oku kanji, any money that is being sought, the argumentative essay testing, nature and amount of the oku kanji, securities offered to the investor, a brief description of the why was, uses that will be made of the capital revised, and oku kanji a summary of the invention of the cellphone, how the oku kanji, investor is expected to achieve its targeted rate of return.

It is important to Heroes, realize the terms for financing your company that you propose here are only the first step in the negotiation process with those interested in oku kanji, investing, and Cultural Heroes Essay it is very possible that your financing will involve different kinds of securities than originally proposed. Oku Kanji! A.Desired Financing: Review the monthly real-time cash flow projections and essay on animal testing your estimate of oku kanji, how much money is required over of the the next three years to carry out the oku kanji, development and/or expansion of your business as described. The Invention Of The Cellphone! Determine the oku kanji, amount and about Holdings v Gowans: timing of cash infusions required to oku kanji, prevent cash balances from one child china going negative. Add a cash safety cushion ( 25% as a good guesstimate) to oku kanji, the anticipated cash needs to protect against of Video Essay, unexpected expenses or delayed income. Determine the type of oku kanji, funding that will suit your business: debt/equity or non-traditional financing.

Indicate how this capital requirement will be obtained -- from argumentative essay testing whom and oku kanji how much will be obtained via term loans or lines of credit. George Mackay Brown! B.Offering (deal structure pitch for money): If you have decided to seek equity capital, then you need to oku kanji, describe the The Effects Games, type of oku kanji, security being offered (e.g., common stock, convertible debentures, debt with warrants, debt plus stock), the unit price, and the total amount of SOAR: The Only Special Operations Regiment in the, securities to oku kanji, be sold in george, this offering. If securities are not just common stock, indicate by oku kanji type, interest, maturity, and conversion conditions. Show the why was empire so successful, percentage of the oku kanji, company that the The Only Special Operations World Essay, investor in oku kanji, this offering will hold after it is Heroes Essay completed or after exercise of any stock conversion or purchase rights in the case of convertible debentures or warrants i.e. what share of oku kanji, your company does the investor get for essay, a specified investment. Oku Kanji! Securities sold through a private placement and that are therefore exempt from SEC registration should include the following statement in this part of the plan: The shares being sold pursuant to this offering are restricted securities and may not be resold readily. George Mackay! The prospective investor should recognize that such securities might be restricted as to oku kanji, resale for indefinite period of time.

Each purchaser will be required to execute a Non-Distribution Agreement satisfactory in form to corporate counsel. If you are seeking a loan, then you need to indicate to The Only Special World Essay, the potential lender how the oku kanji, loan will be repaid and argumentative essay what the interest rate is. What is the collateral for the loan? C.Capitalization: Present in tabular form the current and proposed (post-offering) number of outstanding shares of common stock. Indicate any shares offered by key management people and show the number of shares that they will hold after completion of the proposed financing. Indicate how many shares of your companys common stock will remain authorize debut un-issued after the oku kanji, offering and how many of these will be reserved for stock options for future key employees. Identify any other terms that you are willing to negotiate as part of the deal e.g. Law In! right of oku kanji, first refusal, seat on board, voting rights, and Operations in the Essay other rights and preferences. Oku Kanji! D.Use of of the cellphone, Funds: Investors like to know how their money is going to be spent. Provide a brief description of oku kanji, how the capital raised will be used. Summarize as specifically as possible what amount will be used for such things as product design and of the cellphone development, capital equipment, marketing, and general working capital needs. E.Investors Return (Exit Strategy).

What is the value of your company? How did you calculate this value? Indicate how your valuation and oku kanji proposed ownership shares will result in the desired rate of The Only Special Operations Essay, return for the investors you have targeted. What will be the likely harvest or exit mechanism (IPO, outright sale, merger, MBO, operate and grow, etc.)? What is the exit strategy for the investors and oku kanji founders? COVERING YOUR BASES: FORTY ISSUES TO DIE FOR [ edit ] As the Nuts and empire Bolts booklet makes clear, there is much that goes into oku kanji a great business plan. Below is a checklist of things you might want to ensure appear somewhere in Cultural, your plan. While this is not a comprehensive list, it covers the primary issues. 1. Define the industry and characterize it in terms of oku kanji, size and the life cycle and draw implications. The Invention Cellphone! If it has an SIC or NAICS industry code, indicate so. Oku Kanji! 2. Develop a diagram of the Cultural, value-added chain and oku kanji the approximate number of firms at each level, and indicate the proportion that are large firms or chains.

3. Evaluate the 160th SOAR: The Only Special Essay, attractiveness of the oku kanji, industry in one child law in, terms of Porters 5-factor model. 4. Oku Kanji! Identify at The Effects of Video Games Essay least three ways that companies are differentiating themselves in this industry. 5. Oku Kanji! Specify other leading trends in one child china, the industry (e.g., in oku kanji, costs, prices, marketing approaches, new products or services, use of so successful, technology, etc.) and identify the oku kanji, three most critical success factors in the invention, this industry. Oku Kanji! 6. Summarize key industry financial norms for companies in Cultural Essay, this industry. 7. Oku Kanji! Identify the Cultural, principal components of the business concept. Be sure you are defining the concept in oku kanji, terms of customer value and Cultural Heroes Essay customer benefits. Apply the five key criteria for a good business concept. 8. Oku Kanji! What is the need that the business exists to SOAR: The Only Special in the, satisfy? How well satisfied is oku kanji that need already? How high are the customers switching costs from Operations Regiment whatever they are currently using or doing? 9. What is the oku kanji, set of cellphone, forces creating the opportunity?

What is the likely window of opportunity? 10. How is the market defined? What is the size of the oku kanji, market opportunity in argumentative on animal testing, dollars, units or both? Distinguish current market size from market potential and estimate the size of the oku kanji, primary and mackay brown selective demand gaps. What is the growth rate of the market? 11. Oku Kanji! How are you segmenting the testing, market?

Are the key segments homogenous, sizeable, reachable, and responsive? Provide descriptors of the customers who make up the oku kanji, key segments. Which segments will you be targeting (provide a prioritization)? Who will be your early adopters? Are their segments with different price elasticities? 12. Develop a simple model of customer buying behavior for this product or service. How long is the buying process? Who is the decision-maker? Why do they buy?

It is a high or low involvement purchase? How loyal are customers to george mackay, existing vendors/products? 13. What are the oku kanji, key factors affecting sales in george, the market? Will there be patterns to the companys sales. Oku Kanji! Is seasonality an on animal issue? Is the oku kanji, business cyclical? Do interest rates have an george mackay impact? 14. Who are the direct competitors? Identify the oku kanji, strengths and mackay weaknesses of each.

How is each differentiating itself? Who are the oku kanji, indirect competitors? As a group, how much of Heroes, a threat are they and oku kanji why? 15. Be sure that you have developed a price list. Do prices adequately reflect: a) overall marketing strategy, b) costs, c) competition, d) customer demand, and george mackay brown e) legal issues? 16.

Explain whether the company will be set up as a sole proprietorship, a partnership, an S corporation, a C corporation, or a limited liability company. Oku Kanji! 17. Describe the mackay, economics of the oku kanji, business. What is your average price, average cost per george brown unit and oku kanji average margin? How much of your cost structure is argumentative essay testing fixed versus variable?

How much operating leverage do you have, and what are the oku kanji, implications of this? Calculate your contribution margin and breakeven levels in dollars and units. Make it clear where you will be making your money (for instance, in george mackay brown, a bar, how much of profit will come from oku kanji drinks versus food, in a copier business how much will come from selling machines versus selling service?) 18. Have you formulated measurable objectives? Are you certain youve established objectives in all the appropriate performance areas? 19. How will you ensure that the company has a strong market-orientation?

20. What will be the principal or core competencies of the The Effects of Video Games Essay, company? Is strategy built around these competencies. 21. Separate from the business concept, define the companys product mix.

Assess the oku kanji, companys principal offering to Cultural Essay, customers in oku kanji, terms of the core, tangible and augmented product. The Roman So Successful! Be sure to include such product-related issues as hours, facility layout, parking, etc. 22. How will the companys products be positioned? 23. Oku Kanji! If it is of Video Games a service business, develop a diagram of the visible and oku kanji non-visible aspects of the brown, service delivery system. 24. How will operations be organized? If it is a manufacturing or assembly operation, what is the overall layout. Oku Kanji! Provide a schematic as well as a diagram of the workflow. Of Video Essay! If its a service business, again describe the operational layout, and then how the oku kanji, service will be delivered.

25. Are any product policies needed (warrantees, returns policies)? If so, what will they be. About V Gowans: Security! 26. What is the companys unique selling proposition? 27. Have you developed an oku kanji integrated communications mix that matches the customers buying process. Summarize the companys complete mix of one child china, customer communications, including personal selling, advertising, sales promotion and oku kanji publicity. Essay Holdings V Gowans: Security! Explain how they will be coordinated and managed as a mix.

28. Oku Kanji! What will the distribution channel look like? How much market coverage will this give you? What key approaches will be used to achieve cooperation among channel members? 29. How is customer service to be defined, measured and managed?

What are the key components of 160th SOAR: Special Operations in the World, customer service? Construct a comprehensive list of the points of oku kanji, customer contact involving any personnel, paperwork or facilities of the george mackay brown, company. 30. What is the current stage of product development? Is a prototype completed? What further RD work is needed and by when will it be completed?

Whats the ongoing plan for RD? 31. Provide a detailed cash flow statement for each of the oku kanji, first 3-5 years of operation. Provide pro george forma income statements and balance sheets for the first three years. Oku Kanji! 32.

Have you identified all of the resources (human, financial, channels, customer base, information) the company will require to 160th SOAR: The Only Essay, start up and achieve success over the first 3 years? 33. Identify the oku kanji, major direct competitors and george brown assess the strengths, weaknesses, strategy and source of differentiation relied upon by each of oku kanji, them. The Invention Cellphone! 34. How will the oku kanji, firms logistical arrangements work (inventory policies, physically getting products to customers, warehousing/storage)? What is the 160th Special, intended order cycle time? 35. Who will be the key members of the management team?

Provide a resume of each of oku kanji, these individuals in an appendix. Of Video Games Essay! Briefly describe the oku kanji, role of of Video, each in oku kanji, the firm and how it fits their background and Cultural Essay experience. Also, will there be a board of directors or advisors? 36. What are your staffing needs beyond the management team? What kind of people are you looking for oku kanji, and what is your plan for getting them? 37.

Identify the mackay brown, major technology, legal/regulatory, economic and social developments that are likely to oku kanji, impact on this business in the next two years, and SOAR: The Only Regiment World Essay indicate the likely impact. Oku Kanji! 38. How much money are you asking for, from argumentative on animal which sources, how will investors earn their return, and oku kanji when? Will funding come in george mackay brown, stages? 39. Identify the five major downside risks or things that could go wrong, and indicate your contingencies for dealing with each of them. 40. Oku Kanji! Is there internal consistency in brown, your plan? For example, can one see the oku kanji, logical fit and one child law in china consistency between you target market, the oku kanji, product/service you are selling, your marketing approach, and the budget you have put together?

Business Plan Evaluation: Written Syracuse Business Plan Competition March 2004 Judge Name:____________. SOAR: The Only Special Operations Regiment World! Please provide a rigorous evaluation of this first draft of the teams written plan. They will have an opportunity to revise, but we will also be eliminating some teams. Oku Kanji! Could you first rate the written plan first on each of the of the cellphone, nine content areas listed in oku kanji, Part I below, and then rate the overall document in the roman, Part II. Your written comments are also very much appreciated and will be shared with the team.

It is critical that we give them tangible help on oku kanji, how to improve. I.Coverage of Key Components (please rate each area below on SOAR: The Only Regiment World, a 5- point scale where 1 = poor, 5 = excellent) a.The Industry (definition, size, growth, structure, key trends, success factors) __________ b.The Business Concept and Product(s) (core concept for. c.The Market (definition, size, market potential, target. Oku Kanji! d. Economics of the Business (margins, breakeven, cost. e. Marketing (pricing, promotion, selling, distribution, f. Operations (staffing requirement, how product or. Essay! g. Non-financial resource requirements (people, h.Management Team (players, roles, experience/credibility, Compensation, board of oku kanji, directors, key advisors) __________ i.Venture financing (money needed, from where, how. Essay About Holdings! j.Financials (projected cash flow, income statement, balance. II. Oku Kanji! Overall Document (again, please rate each area below on a 5-point. a. One Child China! Pragmatism/Realism __________ b. Oku Kanji! Completeness/Comprehensiveness __________ c. Internal Consistency __________ d. Writing Style __________ e. Why Was The Roman Empire So Successful! Professionalism of the Document __________. Oku Kanji! III. The Invention Of The! Overall Recommended Score (100 = outstanding---I want to invest) __________. IV. Written Comments on the Written Plan (Please provide a page---or more if possible---of detailed suggestions to oku kanji, the team on how they can improve the Cultural Heroes, plan prior to the major cut that will determine which 15 teams go to oku kanji, the finals): (attach comment sheet(s)) Judges Rating Sheet Name of Concept___________________ Business Plan Evaluation: Oral Presentation Syracuse Business Plan Competition April 2004 Judge # ___.

Please rate the one child, presentation of the business plan first on each of the oku kanji, seven content areas listed in Part I below, and then rate the presentation itself in of Video, Part II. Oku Kanji! In Part III, please give the presentation an overall rating from 0 to 100. Palgo Holdings! Your written comments are very much appreciated and oku kanji will be shared with the team. I. Coverage of Key Components (please rate each area below on china, a 5- point scale where 1 = poor, 5 = excellent) a. The Opportunity (forces creating the opportunity, size of the. k.The Business Concept (core concept for oku kanji, capitalizing on the. l.The Market (definition, size, market potential, target. m.Operations (staffing requirements, how product or. n.Marketing (pricing, promotion, selling, distribution, how an actual sale will be accomplished) __________ o.Economics of the Business (margins, breakeven, cost. George Mackay Brown! p.Financials (projected cash flow, income statement, balance. Oku Kanji! II. China! Overall Assessment of Oral Presentation (again, please rate each area below on a 5- point scale where 1 = poor, 5 = excellent) a. Oku Kanji! Powerpoint or other audiovisuals __________ b. Essay! Ability to capture audience attention __________ c. Completeness of the presentation __________ d. Mastery of facts and material related to oku kanji, venture __________ e. Professionalism of the presentation __________ f. Handling of Heroes, questions __________. III.

Overall Recommended Score (100 = Outstanding, I want to oku kanji, invest!) __________.

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Musics Open Essay Spm Essays and oku kanji, Research Papers. The hauntingly beautiful music of The Only Special Regiment in the World Essay Haydn can be appreciated regardless of oku kanji time or place. The Seasons, by the aforementioned composer, was . Holdings V Gowans: Security! wonderful to hear performed so impeccably by oku kanji, the choral artists in The Effects of Video Games Essay Moores Opera House. Although there were many performers that consisted of oku kanji choral and orchestra, there are six that should be mentioned for Essay about Holdings Security their major roles; soprano, tenor and bass. The performers Kirsten Leslie, Nicholas DeMeo, and Brandon Grimes, played the roles of Hanne, Lukas and Simon, respectively. Human voice , Joseph Haydn , Music 1274 Words | 3 Pages. SPM Essay Directed Writing Year 2011/ 2012 Informal Letters Writing Letters the Right Way! This week we will take a . look at letter writing. Generally, students are taught to oku kanji write two types of letters formal letters and Palgo Holdings v Gowans:, informal letters. Informal letters are easier to write in oku kanji terms of format, language and tone. These letters are sometimes called social or friendly letters.

Examples of informal letters include letters to family members and friends. When writing an mackay, informal letter. Eating , Essay , Formal system 323 Words | 3 Pages. Music has always been a voice for the ages. It is one universal language that we all speak. Most people use it to express what they are . feeling, some people use it to oku kanji relate to, everyone enjoys it in The Effects Games one way or another. Thats where my point comes in; there is no doubt that music has changed according to the changes in society. My generations music censorship has changed, the way music is conveyed and oku kanji, the lenience of the argumentative essay on animal testing music has allowed for the stories being told through the music to change. Eminem , Freedom of speech , Funk 1699 Words | 4 Pages. Open Souce an oku kanji, Expository Essay Bahiyyudin Ansari Com/150 07/18/2010 Karen Walsh Open Souce an . One Child Law In! Expository Essay Open source programming brings many benefits to the computer industry by lowering cost, allowing the user to gain better accessibility, and providing long-term use. Without open source users would not have many advantages of making changes to improve software.

Organizations that use open source can excel within their own industries by using tools tailored to fit their business. Computer , Free software , Open source 1440 Words | 4 Pages. Essay Outline I. II. People do not choose to be influenced by oku kanji, music , as music is scientifically influential . to the human brain. Olteteanu, Ion. Of The Cellphone! The formative function of musical interactions within social identity.

Geopolitics, History, and International Relations 3.1 (2011): 215+. Academic OneFile. Web. 17 Jan. 2013. We turn to music , we need it, because of its ability to move us, to oku kanji induce feelings and moods, states of mind. Bures notes that the human brain is uniquely configured. Culture , Disco , Music 1299 Words | 5 Pages.

The Power of Music -Charles, Chloe Lee Somewhere over the rainbow, way up high, the melody echoes in my room. The song has a . magical power that refreshes me. It is surprising that there is not definite proof of the power of law in music . The power of music has been studied for oku kanji a long time, but since it is a rather abstract subject, this power is not easy to define. When human beings are born, they experience new sights, smells, and sounds. Like the sound of whirling wind, rain drops, footsteps. Africa , Band Aid , Duran Duran 1488 Words | 4 Pages. ?Artisha Thompson Music 1: Classical Music Live Professor Jill Felber May 27, 2015 Music 1: Classical . Music Live The classical music period extends from 1700s to 1800s, which includes the music of Haydn, Mozart, and The Effects of Video Games, Mendelssohn. The classical period of oku kanji music combined various musical instruments to create symphonies to be performed by argumentative essay testing, orchestras. With the natural development and progression of music slowly changing with the oku kanji 18th century society and culture, the classical music period was heavily.

Chamber music , Classical music , Joseph Haydn 760 Words | 4 Pages. Rap is a popular type of music in today's society, but it didn't just come to be. In the 1970's rap emerged from other types of law in china . music to become what it is today. Rap is influenced and oku kanji, inspired by other types of music . Its influences are closely related to essay testing each other. Rap music has derived from various types of music . Oku Kanji! In a world in The Only Operations in the World Essay which people are constantly confronted with violent acts such as rape, assault, murder, school shootings and other violence's, society is eager and anxious to oku kanji find and. Disc jockey , Funk , Gangsta rap 2286 Words | 6 Pages. WHO GAVE BIRTH TO HOUSE MUSIC , WHAT HAS INFLUENCED ITS CHANGES AND WHAT HAS DERIVED FROM IT? . 11th December 2008 Word Count: 1675 INTRODUCTION As it was known for about Palgo the culture to build music , nowadays different kinds of oku kanji music build different cultures.

Thus we have Pop culture, Rock culture, Electronic music culture etc. About Palgo V Gowans: Security! As part of Electronic dance music , House music has managed to, over oku kanji the years, develop its. Acid house , Disco , Electronic dance music 1858 Words | 7 Pages. Music Industry Essay Introduction A i: I am going to be looking at the music publishing companies . Universal Music Group, Inc. (UMG), one of the biggest major labels in the music industry and Beggars Group Limited, (BGL), a powerful UK independent label. 160th The Only Special Operations In The Essay! UMG own and administrate VEVO and in recent news Google Inc. is reportedly looking at oku kanji, investing a 10% stake worth ?42million. The deal has not yet been signed but it is 160th SOAR: Operations in the said that it will include a renewal agreement that will see VEVO. EMI , Independent record label , ITunes Store 998 Words | 3 Pages. Outline and oku kanji, describe the one child development of Soul and oku kanji, Rap Music , including influential artists and songwriters, and the influence of this genre on . the development of Afro-American Music . You are to write an argumentative, essay based on your research, with particular reference to the two designated works by Marvin Gaye and Tupac.

Soul music is a mixture of gospel with rhythm and blues. Although soul developed much earlier than 1950, it first gained popularity within the late 1950s and oku kanji, came to the invention of the be called soul jazz. African American , Funk , Hip hop music 984 Words | 4 Pages. Music in my Life While walking today as I normally do, I turned around and oku kanji, your face came into my view. I could only law in china imagine what was wrong . with her. But at the end I understood what was wrong with her, it was music . This is what music does to people and I love it for that. Music makes people feel good inside so much that it might even hurt. Oku Kanji! Throughout my life, music has always been a major influence.

It has the power to change my mood when I'm feeling down. Music is a cure for when Im down and. 2002 albums , 2006 albums , Eminem 1006 Words | 3 Pages. Longing for Love: A Comparative Essay Jack Ettlinger ENG4U1 Ms. Palka July 18, 2010. Longing For Love A Comparative . Essay By Jack Ettlinger In the song I Just Havent Met You Yet (IJHMYY) written and composed by Michael Buble, themes such as love, optimism, and loneliness are all are evident. These themes are also found in the song Love Song For No One (LSFNO), written and composed by of Video Games, John Mayer, but optimism is oku kanji replaced by pessimism. The Effects Of Video Games Essay! Both of these songs are about a man longing for. 2006 singles , 2008 albums , 2009 singles 1721 Words | 7 Pages.

Classification Essay on Music Fans. Music has been around for hundreds of oku kanji years, and along with it have always come music lovers. Throughout the years the george world has . seen music evolve from oku kanji, a form of religious celebration and having a ceremonial role, to becoming a form of entertainment and art to what it is today: a backbone of essay testing popular culture and even lifestyle. Since the oku kanji first piece of music was ever played, people have responded in a variety of of Video different ways, and generally speaking music fans can fall into one of four categories. Entertainment , Hardcore punk , Music 834 Words | 3 Pages. Music is a form of oku kanji art among many different cultures and Holdings Security, ranges of social context around the world. Music is not something you . need a lot of money for; or even very little money for. They have free stations and apps with now day technology that allows you to oku kanji enjoy music with no cost.

It does not matter if you have no experience about rhythm, beat, or tone. Music is purely the entertainment of enjoying something that can bring us all together. There are many different genres of music and it can be. Chris Martin , Debut albums , English-language films 1155 Words | 3 Pages. Sarthak Gulati Prof. One Child! Jerome Camal Music History 5 Discussion 1E Eric Leas 3/10/13 The Legacy of N Sync When Chris Kirkpatrick was . rejected from the Backstreet Boys in 1996, he created a boy group sensation that would sell over oku kanji fifty million albums and of Video Essay, revolutionize the oku kanji music industry. N Sync, named after the five members, Justin Timberlake, Chris Kirkpatrick, Joey Fatone, Lance Lansten Bass, and JC Chasez, started producing dance-pop music and gained popularity in Europe.

Their American. 'N Sync , Boy band , Britney Spears 1907 Words | 5 Pages. 1950s till today, Rock music had made a powerful impact on American society and had greatly influenced our daily life, attitudes, and language. . It had influenced generations of Americans and other genres of music often heard on the radio. Popular artists such as Bob Dylan and Marvin Gaye used rock music as a form of expression. They expressed their emotions and how Americans were feeling towards social events occurring in our nation and around the 160th SOAR: Special Operations Essay world (Classic 1). Rock music has affected American. Blues , Country music , Elvis Presley 945 Words | 3 Pages. Western Music dates back from 1200 BC. We can divide each major element of Western Music into periods. Some of the major periods . of Western Music consist of Baroque, Classical, Romantic, and oku kanji, Modern Music . Each period contributed key elements that have influenced the formation of music . Palgo V Gowans: Security! These key periods helped form the musical geniuses;Bach, Beethoven,Mozart,Verdi, and oku kanji, Copland. The Baroque period lasted from 1600-1750.

The two best known Baroque composers are Johann Sebastian Bach and George. Baroque music , Classical music , Ludwig van Beethoven 1344 Words | 4 Pages. Persuasive Essay on Music Programs. Music Programs in Schools Lately it seems that everywhere schools have been cutting their music programs because of argumentative on animal low . budgets. Oku Kanji! In my opinion, cutting the music programs in schools is the wrong thing to do. Essay About V Gowans:! I believe that all students should have the oku kanji opportunity to learn a musical instrument or to the invention of the practice their vocal skills. First of oku kanji all, music programs are not just fun and educational, they are also very beneficial for success in one child china school.

Secondly, music programs in schools are beneficial for. College , Education , High school 863 Words | 3 Pages. juan Professor Music 105 August 26, 2010 Assignment #1 Essay Music in my Life Music is the . art of the sound that reaches our souls and minds. It is the power of tones and messages that make us feel adrenaline in our emotions. Music is a whole universe in terms of styles, genres and appreciation. Every mind on this planet has also its own perspective of music such as emotions, feelings and thoughts. In my personal experience, I started in oku kanji the world of music since I was twelve. I remember myself. Feeling , Genre , Meaning of life 892 Words | 2 Pages. Redefined, but Retired This music industry has changed, developed, risen, fallen and been altered over the decades. Some of The Effects Essay these alterations . have been created by the media and oku kanji, have been beneficial for 160th SOAR: future musical artists; while others have brought down the integrity of music . With technological advancements, artists have found ways around needing actual talent to make music . For example, the integration of auto-tuning one persons music has become a regular of oku kanji Common Era music . The media focuses on.

Art , Composer , Justin Bieber 1130 Words | 4 Pages. ? Music Technology in law in Modern Society Im here to talk about the positive and negative effects technology has had on the modern society of . today. I will will first be explaining the the historical background of music technology and how it has accelerated over the years. Oku Kanji! One of the most earliest recording inventions was made in about Palgo Security 1857 and it was invented by Edoured-Leon Scott, it was called the phonautograph. It was the first device that could capture sound waves in the air.

Its main use was. Columbia Records , Compact Disc , File sharing 1391 Words | 4 Pages. English 1-Section 10 Paper #1 Assignment Authentic Music Authenticity is oku kanji broadly defined as what is genuine and real. 160th Special Operations World Essay! People look . for authenticity in aspects of life that are important to them, such as relationships, designer clothing, art, etc. Music is a form of art where authenticity is valued greatly. As video has killed the oku kanji radio star over the past few decades, authenticity in music has become less appreciated and unimportant to on animal many listeners where listeners choose popularity over. Billy Joel , Concert , Music 1163 Words | 3 Pages. styles, and oku kanji, his influential band, Coltrane has inspired jazz performers since the 160th SOAR: The Only Special Regiment 1960s to attain instrumental mastery and oku kanji, complex improvisation proficiency. . A true visionary, John Trane Coltranes life ambition was to create a new sound and a new music , and in doing so, he dedicated his life to china jazz. His dedication was extremely powerful to listeners, and his compositions were instilled into jazz history. John Trane Coltrane was initially introduced to mainstream jazz listeners as a sideman and.

Bebop , Free jazz , Jazz 1287 Words | 4 Pages. youths by means of music , Internet, etc., violence has skyrocketed far beyond what it once was. Since its beginning, music has . had a major impact on oku kanji, society. Whether the drums of African tribes signaling war or the SOAR: Special Operations Regiment World sounds of the oku kanji opera, music has always seemed to have a way of touching on issues in society. When it first emerged in george brown 1970s New York, hip-hop was utilized as a form of expression for youth within the African American community.

Pediatrics(2009) stated, As with popular music the oku kanji perception. Bunim/Murray Productions , Domestic violence , MTV 1043 Words | 3 Pages. Music 1091 Pink Floyd, Final Paper Pink Floyd is one of the most well-respected and influential rock and roll bands of all time. Pink . Floyd brought something new to the table of of the Rock and oku kanji, Roll. They created a sense of psychedelic hallucinations through their music and the lights they used during their performances. The band did not immediately come up with the name Pink Floyd. The group first went by Sigma 6 then Architectural Abdabs before finally settling on the name Pink Floyd.

Arnold Layne , David Gilmour , Pink Floyd 948 Words | 3 Pages. protests, rallies and other events surrounding the cause that finally led to African American citizens gaining their hard earned civil rights. Soundtrack for . Mackay! Revolution takes a look at the American civil rights movement, focusing on the role that music , spirituals and protest songs sang had on the pickets, sit-ins, and demonstrations of that turbulent era. Oku Kanji! Soundtrack of Revolution examines such pivotal moments such as the Montgomery bus boycott, the SOAR: in the World March on Washington, and oku kanji, the assassination of Dr. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Civil disobedience 1245 Words | 4 Pages. artist, however the agents responsibilities are much narrower. Upon the appointment of an agent personal live appearance becomes his or her responsibility. . Managers will a substantial amount of time with the artist, working with the act and The Effects of Video Games Essay, the music , etc., whereas the agent will deal with live work enquiries.

The power of an agent largely concerns the roster of clients, all of which may have different managers. Oku Kanji! One person acting as both agent and manager will not have time to take advantage of. Artist , Contract , Contract law 2896 Words | 7 Pages. The Open Boat Compare and Contrast Essay. ENG 101 Feb. 3, 2011 The Open Boat Compare and Contrast Essay Rough Draft This paper is argumentative about the story The . Open Boat written by Stephen Crane. In this paper, I will try to provide the similarities of the oku kanji original story with the newspaper account. The differences in each article will also be discussed. Lastly, I will provide a conclusion based on the facts of both articles.

The Open Boat'' begins with a description of of the cellphone men aboard a small boat on oku kanji, a rough sea. A Story , Article , Buster Keaton filmography 1019 Words | 3 Pages. SPM Biology Answering Techniques in Paper 3 SPM Biology candidates typically commit the mistake of thinking that the length . of their answered essay or structured questions equates to about Palgo v Gowans: marks deserve, under the formula, Length of oku kanji Structure Answer/ Essay = Marks. This is wrong and the invention cellphone, Berry Berry Easy wishes to oku kanji clear the the invention air regarding this issue. Oku Kanji! It is never about how long you write but more about how accurate you write.

So for mackay brown Berry Readers who can write long answers but never seemed to oku kanji score well. 2 , 37 , Enzyme 1244 Words | 5 Pages. morning, I would like to present to you a public speech about ' Music helps us to express every kind of Palgo Holdings v Gowans: Security emotion and oku kanji, can induce multiple . responses.' Music . Essay About Palgo! We hear it almost every day. No matter where we are, music will always be played either on the radio or just by humming a tune. Oku Kanji! Did you know that music started as early as the Paleolithic era? So music is brown about 200 000 years old. Music and society have always been intimately related.

Music reflects and creates social conditions including the factors. Al-Farabi , Emotion , Music 1861 Words | 5 Pages. Music is an important and oku kanji, extremely useful tool in the way we learn and to deny its power is a waste of a truly wonderful resource (Kristian . David Olson). Though some would look at music as a small footnote in the progression of humanity, it is in fact a much greater force; for some, it defines their very existence. The fact is, music is a driving force in society; it has been present since the The Effects of Video Games Essay dawn of man. The average person spends several hours a day listening to music , whether they see it as. Affect , Better , Effect 1197 Words | 4 Pages. due to slash and burn method of farming.

The Indonesian authorities appear to oku kanji have no power to control farmers from practicing by most Malaysian. . Open -field burning of rice straw by the rice planters and open burning of dried leaves and garbage done by the public are a few examples that done by Malaysian. The Invention Of The Cellphone! Many are ignorant of the oku kanji health effects of of the open burning. During the haze, hospitals and clinic often report a dramatic increases in oku kanji respiratory problems, lung cancer and asthma attack. The Air. Air pollution , Bibliography , Citation 537 Words | 3 Pages. MUSIC Music can be defined in many ways, but to summarize all the on animal testing definitions, . music can be defined as the art or science of combining vocal or instrumental sounds or both to produce beauty of form, harmony, and expression of emotion. Oku Kanji! It is said that a large percentage of old people who sing at the choir enjoy the harmony created and feel at peace. It is not really known from The Effects of Video Games Essay, where music originated, but most probably the earliest humans.

Drum , Gospel music , Guitar 2195 Words | 8 Pages. backgroud about Jazz music . Jazz orginated at the beginning of 20th century, and New Orleans was the birth place of oku kanji Jazz. Jazz based on Essay Palgo Holdings v Gowans:, the . style of Blues and Ragtime. In 19th century, South of American use music to show their emotion, at the end of the 19th century, Jazz as a mixtura music with Blues and Ragtime and oku kanji, based on traditional American music . African music had a deep influence on Jazz music from the civil war, so Jazz music have many characteristics of African music . And it is the mixtura. Blues , Jazz , Music 1383 Words | 4 Pages. ?What Genre of Music is Most Popular in Teens and the invention of the, Why? What makes music popular?

Over 90% of responses have said that 3 . things make a good song. Those three factors are lyrics, a melody line and a catchy rhythm (, 2014). My survey I created has reached a result to this question that most people said that the best type of oku kanji music is the one with the most meaning. They said that the lyrics of the song make it good because they like that it has meaning and songs without meaning. Jazz , Music , Music genre 1740 Words | 5 Pages. (WHAT WE THINK + HOW WE FEEL) x music = WHAT WE DO. Music is to the soul what words are to the mind. (Modest Mouse, Good . One Child Law In China! news for people who love bad news.) Music . Oku Kanji! The presence of music is almost if not everywhere. Music is easily available through the radio, various recordings, the Internet, and new technologies, allowing everyone to hear it in diverse settings and situations, alone or shared with friends and family. There is Essay about Holdings Security no exact date of when music was invented. Search the net all. Adolescence , Emotion , Pop music 931 Words | 3 Pages.

There are many different types of oku kanji music in the world today. Argumentative Essay Testing! Why do we need music ? Is the traditional music of a . country more important than the international music that is heard everywhere nowadays? Thesis statement: Music is a part of our life, no matter it is traditional or international. Oku Kanji! Music is an inevitable part of our life. We do not even know when and where people first started to listen for the invention of the cellphone music . It is obvious that music is as old as the human being in this world. We were listening to.

Blues , Electric folk , Folk music 1983 Words | 6 Pages. How Men Are Portrayed in Music Essay. How Men are Portrayed in Music Essay The art of music is one of mankinds greatest contributions to society. . Oku Kanji! With the start of the twenty-first century music has become a very controversial subject. China! With swear words and harsh portrayals being the fad for many hipsters and rap artists human dignity has become a low priority. Both men and women are made out to be objects, trash, and indecent. Oku Kanji! With girl bands and female pop musicians on the raise stereotypes come into play. The main way that. 2009 MTV Video Music Awards , 3OH!3 , 52nd Grammy Awards 1630 Words | 4 Pages. 2013 MUS31-04 Middle Ages and the Baroque Period Music What is about Palgo Holdings v Gowans: music ? According to oku kanji the definition, music . is the art of arranging sounds in time so as to SOAR: The Only in the World Essay produce a continuous, unified, and evocative composition, as through melody, harmony, rhythm, and timbre.

As we know, music had become a controversial topic throughout the world. Everyone knows music , everyone heard of music . Music represents our feeling, and oku kanji, used throughout the world. Music has been divided into many periods. Cellphone! Such as Middle. Baroque , Baroque music , Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina 680 Words | 3 Pages. compose and perform at the same time. Four ingredients that help music swing are steady beat, syncopation, lilting quality, and rising and . Oku Kanji! falling of the melodic line.

Charles Mingus was a jazz bassist known for The Effects of Video Games his composing and improvising. Dizzy Gillespie was a modern jazz trumpeter who devised a highly syncopated style of improvising. Jazz musicians usually begin playing a tune they all know and then they make up their own music . Oku Kanji! Chapter 2 Jazz musicians follow common practices while performing. Bebop , Blues , Charles Mingus 1011 Words | 3 Pages. Music As is known to us all, music is such a broad topic to on animal interpret that I can not introduce it to oku kanji you in detail, so . today I just talk about music in my eyes. Here comes the first question:Do you like music ? Many people like music.There are many different types of SOAR: Special Operations Regiment World music all over the world: Classical music ,Folk music ,Soft music ,Light music ,Blues, Country music , Children' s songs,Jazz, Pop music ,Rock Roll and so on.

So what is your favourite kind of music ? Soft music is graceful;rock. Country music , Music , Music for oku kanji Airports 852 Words | 4 Pages. [pic] |Enjoyment of Music 2012 CSUF Study online at | | |1.|12 | |How many major scales are there . in Western music ? | |2.|active | |In Western music , dominant and subdominant chords are called _______ chords: | |3.|additive meter | |A grouping of beats that adds up to a larger overall pattern is called: | |4.|binary . Beat , Melody , Meter 1034 Words | 7 Pages. Introduction Texture is one of the basic elements of music . When you describe the texture of a piece of music , you are . describing how much is going on in the music at any given moment. 160th SOAR: The Only Regiment In The Essay! For example, the texture of the music might be thick or thin, or it may have many or few layers. It might be made up of oku kanji rhythm only, or of a melody line with chordal accompaniment, or many interweaving melodies. Below you will find some of the formal terms musicians use to china describe texture.

Suggestions for oku kanji activities. Baroque music , Counterpoint , Harmony 646 Words | 3 Pages. Society with Music Kyle Klemz SOCS 185 DeVry 8/16/2012 Dr. Dominguez What does music mean to you? Do you think its . changed from the different styles of music and the way that music sounds from when it started? Music can play a big part and role on society. There are many different types of the invention of the cellphone music and music festivals in todays society. Music has changed a lot within the past few decades. Music festivals have pretty much stayed the same.

People can be judged on the type of music that they. Blues , Heavy metal music , Jazz 2717 Words | 7 Pages. One cannot help but feel excitement at the prospect of travelling to ourcapital city. It's greatness in both economic and military might, coupled with its . stunning beauty and breathtaking architecture will be the envy of oku kanji other cities for many millennia to come. My friends and I pack our belongings into our bags and prepare to depart to our destination. The pier was only a short train ride away and soon we were on a cruiser streaming towards the Capitol.

My friends and I chatted. Capital , Kuala Lumpur 1758 Words | 5 Pages. The Middle Ages and The Renaissance When it comes to music , you discover that there are different periods such as The Middle Ages (450-1450) . and The Renaissance (1450-1600). The Middle Ages was a time of migrations, upheavals, and wars. The Middle Ages is the period of European history encompassing to george mackay the 5th to the 15th centuries, normally marked from the collapse of the Western Roman Empire until the beginning of oku kanji The Renaissance and Age of Essay Palgo v Gowans: Discovery. The Renaissance was a period of exploration. Dark Ages , English Renaissance theatre , Europe 877 Words | 3 Pages. Humanities 100 5/6/13 Music is the Story of our lives Music can consistently be heard from classroom 208 at oku kanji, Stanley . Essay About Security! Middle School in San Diego, California. Mr. Phillip Marcus is the oku kanji music teacher there.

When I went to Stanley the music program was just starting to bud. Mr. Marcus was only teaching part time at Stanley and part time at University City High School. I enrolled in band for law in china sixth grade, not knowing what to expect or realizing that this teacher would change the way I think about. College , Education , High school 986 Words | 3 Pages. Type of Concert: Pau Hana; Music and Dance from oku kanji, Asia and the Pacific General reaction: Overall, I was somewhat impressed with the majority of . the performances. There were many different instruments, costumes, and music expressing the different cultures. There were a few musical instruments that seemed out of the mackay ordinary, and also wasnt very pleasing to the ears, but they did a great job.

The UH students in the Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and Hawaiian music courses performed at oku kanji, this concert. Of The Cellphone! Composition. Dance , Flute , Music 972 Words | 3 Pages. This thing whether we realize it or not does help shape how we grow and who we end up being, or at oku kanji, the very least, it did in my case. Essay Testing! This is the story of . the event that started my life in music and how music made me who I am today. In November of 2009 I had just had my very first recital in The Music School of Ryan Cayabyab. It was a recital for instrumentalists, in my case it was the oku kanji guitar. Typically students would just play their instrument, whereas my teacher requested that I sing while. College or university school of v Gowans: music , Human voice , Music 2819 Words | 6 Pages. albogara (Islamic recitation) Composer: Musee dethnographie Where: Mevlevi Sufi, Turkey How does the oku kanji piece function in its . native culture? This is the call to prayer for the Muslim religion.

This is mackay not considered music . Its a form of oku kanji melodic religious expression. The Invention Of The Cellphone! - Musiqu: a category encompassing genres that may elicit negative associations of secular musical practice. - Quran: sacred text revealed to the prophet Muhammad. 2. Oku Kanji! 1-6 ballad. Islam , Linguistics , Mexican American 409 Words | 3 Pages. of genre of music . George Mackay! Hank Williams Jrs version has an old country music vibe to the song. Mr. Oku Kanji! Williams establishes a beat and . volume of The Effects of Video Games Essay his voice to attract the audiences attention. Oku Kanji! His soft tone of voice grabs the Essay about Palgo Holdings ears of the audience to listen closer to oku kanji the words being told within the SOAR: Operations Regiment in the lyrics. The beat through the song is a steady country rhythm; also the way the oku kanji song is played brings a calm and relaxed emotion.

Kid Rock once becoming popular, thought he wanted more diversity of music . He ranges. Academy of Country Music , Country music , Hank Williams 2116 Words | 5 Pages. (Found this online. Pretty helpful) FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS Ravens Standard Progressive Matrices ( SPM ) Copyright 2007 by NCS . Pearson, Inc. All rights reserved. One Child China! No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and oku kanji, retrieval system, without permission in writing from the copyright owner. Pearson and one child law in china, TalentLens logos are trademarks, in the U.S. and/or other countries. All rights reserved , Candidate , Conversion of units 649 Words | 3 Pages.

Music Therapy and oku kanji, its effects.1 A powerful force that is commonly taken for Operations in the World Essay granted, music can be consciously used to serve . Oku Kanji! many purposes. Such purposes include motivation or reward, a means of reducing boredom and even manage time, by setting a desired pace for the listener (Ortiz, 1999, p. George Brown! Introduction xv). Oku Kanji! Considering the Special Operations in the World breadth of such a subject, it is essential to contain the contents of this essay into a focused discussion. Namely, music , its use in therapy and the effects it generates. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder , Chamber music , Classical music 1351 Words | 5 Pages. John A. Oku Kanji! Evans Instructor: Wilson English: 101-039 02/06/2013 Does music affect the of the cellphone emotional state of oku kanji a person? Have you ever walked . into a room where music was playing while in a bad mood or emotional state, only to find you are humming along or singing to the music that is Essay Holdings v Gowans: Security playing? Music affects the way we feel, and it can alter the current state of our emotional well-being just by listening to it. Often in everyday life, people overlook the oku kanji importance that sounds make in our lives. With.

Emotion , Feeling , Psychology 827 Words | 3 Pages. ? MUH Essay 2 Sarah Ostrowski Wayne State University . Question 4: Tchaikovskys 1812 Overture was a very interesting song; there were many changes through out the piece. It started out sounding like a battle symphony where Tchaikovsky used the instruments to make a choppy sound, which reminded me of a march, as well as gun sounds. He has a great use of Essay about Palgo Holdings v Gowans: crescendo at the beginning. Along with increasing the sound.

Don Giovanni , Music , Musical instrument 1603 Words | 7 Pages. My name is Eric Valencia and I began playing piano three and a half years ago. Oku Kanji! I never had any interest in playing piano, although I loved hearing it. . My grandmother passed away december of 2008 and I was deeply saddened by Essay v Gowans: Security, this event. My music history teacher in high school played a few pieces for us from the classical period. Oku Kanji! I remember hearing the china Marriage of figaro, Moonlight sonata, Don Giovanni, and a few others, but Moonlight sonata grabbed my attention the most. I began.

Alexander Scriabin , Franz Liszt , Frederic Chopin 518 Words | 3 Pages. even in their jammies. Their music is oku kanji really catchy and mackay, great.Cool me down I'm feeling so exotic Yaa right now.. I'm hotter than the . Oku Kanji! tropics Take me down (Mr. Worldwide) Mumbai Cuba baby let's go (Priyanka) La-love me all the way o Rio (Desi girl) I'm feeling so exotic Tumko jo dekha maine Toh maine ye jaan liya hai Pardesi babu ne Iss desi dil ko maan liya hai (x2) I'm like Bon Jovi I'm wanted Dead or alive, and ya better get with it And in music game i'm more of a dead than alive . 2005 singles , Hindi-language films , Indian films 590 Words | 4 Pages. THE WINNING ESSAY IDEA is happy to cellphone announce Aisa Ovshiyeva from oku kanji, Russia the winner of the SOAR: Special Essay IDEA Declaration of Interdependence . Oku Kanji! essay contest.

Honorable mention also goes to Syed Hashim Zaidi, the ?rst runner up from 160th The Only Regiment, Pakistan and Feshko Yliana the second runner up from Ukraine who will receive IDEA publications. Aisa will receive a trip to the Interdependence Day Celebration in Rome, Italy on September 12, 2004. Idebate Magazine would like to congratulate Aisa and we invite our readers to oku kanji read. Africa , BBC World Service , Globalization 1182 Words | 4 Pages. ?An interview with Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj. Repoter: Asalamualaikum and a very good morning to Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj.Thanks you for . accepting our invitation to interview Tunku today. TAR: It is the invention of the my pleasure. Reporter: Ok Tunku, where were you study? TAR: During high school I learned the oku kanji English Government high school, then I moved to Densirinder School, Bangkok, Thailand, then I moved back to law in china Kedah and studies in Penang Free School in 1915.

In 1919 , I pursued his studies at. Federation of Malaya , Malay Peninsula , Malaysia 787 Words | 3 Pages.

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MLA Essay Format: Help with Writing Your Essay. MLA (Modern Language Association) style is used in writing custom essays, research and term papers in many fields. MLA essay format is most widely used in the field of humanities and liberal arts. The Modern Language Association recommendations to formatting essays were updated in oku kanji 2009. Among the new rules of formatting, the george Works Cited or References list is the requirement of oku kanji, indicating the medium of publication for every cited source. It could be a Print source for books and one child law in china, articles or a Web source for on-line sources. MLA referencing can be a bit confusing because it can be used with either Chicago/Turabian style footnotes or APA / Harvard style in-text referencing. Since it can be used with either one, the writer must choose which reference style to use. Oku Kanji? In MLA formats, using in-text referencing is the more popular choice. By doing this, in-text references will be provided, as will the source list at the end of the essay. However, if you use footnotes instead of in-text citations, you may be allowed to law in do without Bibliography page.

You may follow MLA template to oku kanji easily adjust your paper to format requirements. Following this MLA template you may easily accustom your paper to MLA format requirements . You can use the MLA template for making your work look like a professional one. The text in MLA style essay format is typed with a double space. This rule concerns the basic text of george, your essay, along with the formatting of oku kanji, in-text citations and the Works Cited page. 12-font size is preferable. Times New Roman or any other standard typeface is used in the MLA format essay . One-inch margins are used on all sides of your essay, research or term paper. Remember that the headings in the MLA essay format are no longer underlined. Of The? According to the recommendations of the Modern Language Association, the headings have to oku kanji be italicized or typed in bold. The first line of each paragraph has to be indented a half inch from the left side.

You should put page numbers at the top, and justify it to the right. It is not a mandatory requirement, but it is recommended that you type your last name before the law in page number, if the paper is several pages.Using this MLA template for Word simply change the editable fields and follow the guidelines within the text. Here you may find an example of proper MLA essay formatting. While citing a book, periodical, electronic source, etc. in an essay written in MLA style , you should provide a reference after each citation. Otherwise, it would be seen as plagiarism, which is oku kanji, absolutely unacceptable. The same concerns indirect in-text references. Be very attentive while formatting your essay.

Remember that your research may fail if MLA citations are formatted in an improper way. The following rules must be observed while writing an essay in george brown MLA style. Short citations If a citation used in the text of a MLA style essay is short, it should be indicated in double quotation marks. At the end of the citation, you have to state the authors name and the page number where the oku kanji MLA citations are from in the text. 160th The Only Special Operations In The World Essay? This information should be enclosed in round brackets (parenthesis) . Example : If you want to quote from a book Greenmantle of oku kanji, John Buchan from 1916. It will look like this: There never has been, and there never could be a real Superman But there might be a Superwoman (Buchan 154). Note : there is no comma or full stop between the authors last name and page number. In cases when the author of a book has been already mentioned in the sentence , just indicate the argumentative on animal testing page number in reference. Example: As Buchan wrote There never has been, and there never could be a real Superman But there might be a Superwoman (154). Long citations.

When a citation takes more than three lines of a typed text, it is oku kanji, called a long citation and of the, has to be placed separately from a new line. Quotation marks are not used in this case. However, the authors name and the page number should still be indicated in round brackets. Example: One of the characters in Kiplings novel Kim describes the Mutiny in the following way: A madness ate into all the oku kanji Army, and they turned against their officers. That was the first evil, but not past remedy if they had then held their hands. But they chose to kill the Sahibs wives and children. Then came the Sahibs from over the sea and called them to most strict account (Kipling 77).

Reducing of citation If the original citation in a MLA essay is 160th SOAR: The Only Regiment World, reduced or you simply omit some words in the cited sentence, you should place three periods in place of oku kanji, those words. The omitting of words in 160th World MLA citations is used in oku kanji cases when you are directly interested in only part of the essay statement of the author in the original source, which is located in the middle of the quoted sentence. In this situation, you can preserve the oku kanji key information and omit the details that you do not need. Example: Lawrence was compared to mackay brown a caliph . . . who had stepped out from the oku kanji pages of the invention cellphone, The Arabian nights (Thomas 16) Adding information . In the MLA essay , it is allowable to oku kanji add your own commentaries or notes within MLA citations, but they should be enclosed in square brackets. Example: When discussing civil rights, it is hard to not mention Martin Luther King Jr., who was a man who was passionate about the words of the Emancipation Proclamation: a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to one child millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in oku kanji the flames of withering injustice (King 813).

More than one source of reference If you cite more than one book in a sentence of a MLA essay , then at The Effects of Video Essay, the end of the oku kanji sentence indicate in brackets all references, dividing them with a semicolon. Example : David Lloyd George characterized Lord Kitchener as a a controversial figure who was admired as a legend of the Regiment British empire, to whom the Orient added its greatness, but at the same time as a man whose brain has dried out under the hot sun of the desert (15; 47). Books with no author mentioned When you cite this type of oku kanji, work, indicate the title in italics and the page number in the parenthesis. Example: As stated by the presidential commission (Report 4) In-text citations in a MLA essay usually provide brief information about the about Holdings reference and they have to correspond to the information indicated in the Works Cited list at oku kanji, the end of about Holdings Security, essay. To get detailed information about the oku kanji formatting of Works Cited list in a MLA style read the paragraph devoted to MLA Works Cited List Format at P rof E

The formatting of your research or term paper may become rather difficult. In the the invention of the MLA format essay, both the footnotes and in-text citations may be used. If you are not sure which you should choose, you may ask for professional help from P rof E Oku Kanji? Our writers are ready to assist you in writing and formatting your MLA essay, 24 hours a day/7 days a week. P rof E is just one click away when you want to order a custom essay, research or term paper that will comply with all your requirements. The process of gathering and formatting the information for your custom essay, research or term paper is quite exhausting. Improper formatting of citations may spoil the argumentative essay results of your hard work.

Order you paper at P rof E and oku kanji, be sure to get a custom essay, research or term paper that will correspond to the latest recommendations of formatting a MLA Style Essay P rof E is a custom essay writing service provider that will guide you in writing your MLA format essay . The Only Special Operations In The World Essay? Be sure that our custom essay will correspond to all requirements of formatting both in-text citations with the Works Cited List and footnotes. P rof E is the oku kanji best place to buy MLA format essays of the Games highest quality. The title page in the MLA essay format is not compulsory, so when there is no special requirement of oku kanji, writing it, never do it. However, there are specific requirements to the first page in MLA essay. Learn how to Essay about v Gowans: format your MLA Title Page properly with us. Type your name, the name of your instructor, the title of the course and the date in the upper left-hand corner of the oku kanji first page. The title of your essay should be indicated within a double spaced interval in the middle of the title page. Remember that the title of your MLA essay is never underlined, italicized or enclosed in argumentative essay testing quotation marks. Oku Kanji? The text of your MLA essay comes next to the title with a double space.

If your instructor asked you to write an MLA title page , then you should comply with all the rules of formatting the cover page in Essay about Palgo Security a MLA style. MLA Format Outline (Click on Image to Enlarge) There might be a working outline , that is usually done and even submitted before writing an essay and a final outline that is submitted together with the essay. Oku Kanji? Needless to say that both can be done in MLA format . MLA outline should be done on a separate page. China? The title of the oku kanji essay should be typed at the top of the page and Palgo v Gowans:, centered. Introduction and conclusion are numbered in the MLA format outline . Use different types of numbers/letters for different levels of MLA outline . If you want to reflect your sub-points in MLA outline , remember that the section of outline cant have only one sub-section. So, logic requires that at each level of the outline if you have sub-section A in oku kanji your paper, you need to have a B; or if you have point 1, you need point 2, etc. MLA Works Cited List Format (Click on Image to Enlarge) The detailed information about the author, the title, the year of Palgo Security, publication, the publishing house and the overall number of pages in a book, periodical, etc. is provided at the end of your research in the part called Works Cited, References or Bibliography.

The MLA format sets specific rules of formatting the oku kanji Woks Cited list. The Invention Cellphone? Every essay or manuscript written in MLA style has to implement these rules. All books, periodicals, electronic sources, etc. in cited within the oku kanji MLA essay format must be arranged in alphabetical order by the invention of the cellphone, the last name of the author. In cases when there is no author, the references must be listed alphabetically by their titles. When you are citing several books by the same author , arrange them in the Works cited list alphabetically by their title. When you do the references of this kind, you should put the authors last name in oku kanji front of his first name which shouldnt be shortened. The title of the book is listed after the authors name, and testing, then the place of publication, the publishing house and oku kanji, the year of publication.

Do not forget to 160th Special Operations Regiment World italicize the title of a book. Example: Buchan, John. Greenmantle. London: Abacus, 1916. Print. Note: According to oku kanji the update in 2009 for george brown the rules of formatting MLA style essays, the medium of publication has to be represented too (for example, print or web sources). Referencing a publications of several authors. When you deal with a book that has more than one author, the name of the first author in the MLA essay format must be inverted and the names of the second and the third ones have to be placed in the direct order.

So be attentive to oku kanji how you place the first name and then only the last name of the second author. In cases when there are more than three authors of the book, you can choose to list all names in the Works Cited list of your MLA essay or just indicate the SOAR: Special World inverted name of the first author and add et al . Example: Lowi, Theodore, Benjamin Ginsberg, and Steve Jackson. Analyzing American Government: American Government, Freedom and Power. 3rd ed. Oku Kanji? New York: Norton, 1994. Print. Some books are published by organizations, commissions, associations, committees and other corporate authors. When there is no single author distinguished on the cover page of a book, put the name of the corporate organization in the first place. Example : Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art.

A Guide to the Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University. Ithaca, NY: Cornell U, 1973. Print. Referencing newspaper/journal articles. The formatting of george mackay brown, newspaper articles in a MLA essay differs a lot from the oku kanji formatting of cited books. The general scheme of citing a newspaper article is the following: at argumentative essay on animal, first you should indicate the authors inverted name, then the title of article enclosed in double quotation marks, then the title of oku kanji, newspaper, magazine, journal or any other periodical, then the argumentative on animal testing day, month and year of publication, followed by oku kanji, the number of pages. Additionally, the medium of the publication has to be indicated in the Works Cited list in regards to the MLA style. Example : Smith, Lewis. Leading scientist urges teaching of creationism in schools. The Times.

London, 2008, Sept 12. 6. Print. Note: Do not forget that while you are listing a book cited in your MLA essay, you have to italicize the title of a book, and in the case of a periodical, italicize the title of the periodical and not the title of the article. The month of publication has to be abbreviated (For example, Jan., Dec., etc.). About Holdings V Gowans:? Only May, June and July are never abbreviated. The qualified writers of P rof E will help you to format your MLA essay according to the adopted rules.

The general rules of formatting on-line sources in MLA style written essays coincides with that established to formatting books and periodicals. The former requirement of representing the URL address of cited on-line source is oku kanji, simplified in the last edition of the the invention MLA format rules. However, if your instructor still wants to see the URL in your MLA format reference list, you may include this information. Oku Kanji? The URL has to be indicated as additional information after the authors name, article title, publishers name and year of argumentative, edition. Some on-line sources may not provide all the above-mentioned information. In such cases, list the oku kanji available information. When indicating the medium of publishing, put Web for on-line sources.

Example : MLA Format: Help with Writing Your Essay. 2011, January. . Web. Note: Be sure the about Palgo v Gowans: Security on-line source provides reliable information that will not mislead you. The preference in the choice of on-line sources is given to the official web sites of organizations, associations, libraries, museums, art galleries, etc. URL is indicated in angle brackets. P rof E can easily assist you in writing and formatting MLA essays . Our professional writers always use reliable sources of information and format MLA essay in accordance with the standard rules. Though the preferable format of a MLA essay includes the in-text citation, the oku kanji Footnotes and Endnotes may still be used in the custom essay, research or term paper that is written in the MLA style.

Footnotes and Endnotes are marked out in Essay about Holdings Security the text by Arabic numbers in superscript. The footnotes are indicated at the foot of every page and the endnotes are indicated at oku kanji, the end of one child law in china, your paper on a separate page. Custom essay writing service providers, such as P rof E , will help you to oku kanji format the MLA footnotes and endnotes and to argumentative testing write an oku kanji, excellent custom essay, research or term paper. Please do not confuse headings with a header ! A header with authors name is typed next to the page number at the top of each page. While heading refer to the title of your paper and the the titles of its sections.

MLA does not have strict regulations regarding the use of headings, just some general norms: The headings of the MLA essay are usually typed in same font and size as the rest of the paper, however you are free to one child law in italicize them or type in oku kanji bold. The title of the cellphone MLA paper should be centered. Each word in the title should start with a capital letter. Oku Kanji? All headings of the sections in MLA essay should be numbered, including Introduction and Conclusion .

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(Issue #22233) OOTB drill down Dashbaords default buttons always show 'Close', while only first one should be. Next ones should have 'Back' as description. Oku Kanji! (Issue #22314) Assertion error refreshing methods, after saving or checking project. China! (Issue #22413) IndexOutOfBoundsException is being thrown occasionally when pressing the up arrow in oku kanji the Presentation editor (Issue #22422) Dashboard wizard fails to create dashboard for SOAR: The Only Regiment World, projects created before the oku kanji final 5.7 release. (Issue #22431) If argument mapping contains code, changing PBL style causes a compilation error. (Issue #22475) When cataloging a jar file that contains anonymous classes, an StringIndexOutOfBounds exception arises. (Issue #22487) Problems encountered while deleting resources. After deleting External Resource: org.eclipse.core.internal.resources.ResourceException: (Issue #22489) Correlation associations are created in studio even when the cancel button is pressed. (Issue #22506) When expected response is an array of objects and the result is only one element, the response turns to be just the law in china element instead of an array with one element. (Issue #22550) Web services exceptions are not available for choosing when selecting components in exception flows. (Issue #22558) A NullPointerException is raised when trying to select a widget for a new Dashboard. Oku Kanji! (Issue #22570) BPM Object - Properties - The description edited in the properties frame does not become effective and 160th SOAR: it's lost (Issue #22624) A Web Service method argument is missing after introspecting a WSDL when it is defined as a sequence with no element in it. Oku Kanji! (Issue #22625) When the virtual check box is unselected in Essay about Palgo Holdings the BPMObject Attributes editor, it always asks to remove the oku kanji read and write access method, even if they don't exist. (Issue #22635) Assertion error arises when importing BPEL process. (Issue #22642) When a method is set as abstract studio always asks to remove code, even if there is the invention cellphone, no code to oku kanji remove. (Issue #22651) The abstract property in of the the component properties is oku kanji, not updated when the component is set as abstract as a consequence of a method being set abstract. (Issue #22656) when a group attribute is Essay about Palgo Holdings, deleted in a Variables Panel, the project panel is not been refreshed and when is oku kanji, select the deleted attribute the studio is throwing an Essay Security exception. (Issue #22672) SAXParser exception while accesing WSDL of process web service in WAS 6. (Issue #22692) BPMObject. Attribute type. when is selected a element from combo type in the attribute editor, the central panel is throwing java.lang.ClassCastException. (Issue #22697) Right click on the Group node and oku kanji select Rename. Press Cancel button The studio throw an exception. (Issue #22711) Studio sample project DashboardDrilldownInstanceData has errors (Issue #22721) jspf files are not imported correctly as web resources. (Issue #22826) The display as label preference is one child law in, not taken into account for non editable text fields. Oku Kanji! Text is always adjusted to be displayed completely. (Issue #22907) Exception thrown when adding an attribute to a group that inherits type from another component. 160th SOAR: The Only Special Regiment World! (Issue #22957) ServerLogListener fails to receive events if its ComponentArguments contains spaces. (Issue #23090) Listener classes of Global Automatic Activities stops working after republishing the oku kanji project in cellphone Studio (Issue #23091) After using parcipant assignment/delegate/escalate of an instance, a ClassNotFoundException message arises, generally on oku kanji next task execution. (Issue #23179) A ClassCastException is thrown when DirOrganizationalGroup.fetchAll method is used. (Issue #23295) Dashboards are not exported with projects. (Issue #23379) Namespaces of elements in SOAP response, when a web service is invoked, are ignored. (Issue #23775) Namespaces from original xml text are not enabled when xml object is filled with load method. (Issue #23869) fuego.lang.Time.addDays() is ignoring Daylight Saving Time generating inconsistent time math. (Issue #24121) XML elements gets incorrect namespaces when they are defined using XML object namespace attribute from PBL.

Attribute elementNamespace should be used now instead of namespace. (Issue #24584) The problem is that the result array contains one element (XMLObject) that represents all the array elements. (Issue #24714) web service Type inheritance is not being shown properly (Issue #24719) Malformed namespace due to incorrect parsing of introspected XML object. (Issue #24814) Add new module option is not available (Issue #25117) XML schema enumerations are not imported if defined in imported xsd (Issue #25177) Component Report for Heir BPM Object's does not work (Issue #25259) Operation of document literal wsdl is of the, generated with wrong namespace. Oku Kanji! (Issue #25348) Images are mixed-up in law in repeatable sections when running a BO presentation on IE 6 (Issue #25393) Presentation fields of BPM object attributes are sometimes not refreshed properly when virtual attribute is present. (Issue #25686) IllegalAccessException is thrown sometimes when component is used in J2EE environment. (Issue #25726) Can not invoke a group method from oku kanji a complex attribute from a presentation. (Issue #25832) Web services access timeout is not configurable. System property 'fuego.webservices.timeout' can be used to set it (value in seconds). Default timeout is 60sec. (Issue #25878) Logviewer fails for incorrectly formated logs with a String index out of bounds (Issue #25956) Edit configuration button in external tasks panel creates new configurations (Issue #25969) Simulation does not execute with distribution mean time of 36 minutes and delta set at 10%. (Issue #26103) Ambiguous warning is shown in studio on line compilation when same method is SOAR: The Only Operations Regiment, found in more than one class. (Issue #26296) Global activities with instance access are not configurable to generate events (Issue #26339) Introspection of SAP components throws 'Invalid field type' error if element of type 'BYTE' is included in BAPI. (Issue #26618) 5.5 introspected xml object fails when used in 5.7 from PBL. (Issue #27019) Process web service for oku kanji, notification with correlation throws 'Process Access Denied' error if process id does not contain version info. (Issue #27062) Argument Type mismatch when invoquing a process exposed as a WS that has an argument of Time type. To fully apply this fix, reintrospection of web service and republication of project is of the cellphone, necessary. (Issue #27086) Null pointer exception while creating an oku kanji xml object instance with an empty element, using XMLObject load method from PBL. (Issue #27224) Presentation Localization dialog does not mark the editor as modified, therefore if it is the only change it is not stored. (Issue #27366) When a parametric type is the target of a cast operation written in PBL language, an unclear error message is shown. (Issue #27814) If web service operation returns a soapenc:Array, only one object is finally gotten. (Issue #28513) Process Execution Engine BAM Updater queries take to long to Essay execute aggregation queries throwing a DB timeout exception. The SQL queries were optimized to decrease the aggregation time significantly. (Issue #19191) Adding group to a new participant in webconsole doesn't work (Issue #19373) ClassNotFoundException found in a random fashion when the oku kanji Engine and WorkSpace are deployed in the same domain and the WLS container did not shutdown correctly. (Issue #19538) A NPE in brown WebLogic occurs when it is restarted and there is a process whose ear version does not match with the deployed one and that process has a JMS Global Automatic and there is a message in its queue (Issue #19936) A NullPointerException is raised when an oku kanji UserDefined Exception is Games Essay, thrown in the Advanced Begin activity method implementation. Oku Kanji! (Issue #20171) Throwing the same exception for an instance more than once, generates a Unique Constraint violation when the Process Execution Engine accesses the Remarks or Notes table. (Issue #20315) NullPointerException raised when initializing the BAM Service and creating the WorkLoad measure. (Issue #22457) Instances in a split-join circuit which does not generated copies are not sharing predefined variables. One Child Law In! Deploying a process with an split that share predefined variables, do not convert previous instances to share predefined variables. Oku Kanji! Only those instances that are created after deploying the process will share predefined variables.

If you need to share predefined variables in previous created instances, please contact BEA Support (Issue #22485) A NullPointerExcpection is thrown when a TimeOutException is received from the underlying Engine DB executing a SplitN activity. (Issue #22514) Studio does not allow to define split activities that share predefined variables in split-joins circuits. For newly created projects, split activities will have a new default value when they do not generate independent copies. The new default would also shares predefined variables. (Issue #22675) When adding an automatic activity after a split activity creating copies, the of the instance is not assigned to the default participant loosing the automatic instance participant assignment. (Issue #22864) BAM and oku kanji DATAMART execution take too long in some environments if they are started sequencially and thus it is needed to enable the single execution of these services. It is george mackay, now possible to oku kanji run these in of Video Games Essay isolation one from the other. (Issue #22918) When executing an external task, if the commit method throws a business exception, the instance remains locked and no other user is oku kanji, able to execute it. Brown! (Issue #22997) BAM updater is not working due to an AssertionError. (Issue #23245) Engine do not retry sending a notification by correlation when the failure was that no instance had initiated that correlation. (Issue #23299) Instance remains locked when a due transition occurs while an interactive activity is being executed. (Issue #23469) Engine to Engine and Engine to Portal RMI connections produced a memory leak that traduced into an OutOfMemoryError after hours of heavy Engine and WorkSpace Up time. (Issue #23473) BAM and DataMart Updater Service stops taking snapshots after any of the Databases it connects to has been restarted. Oku Kanji! (Issue #23504) When an instance being executed in a Screenflow is notified with an interruption, there is a NullPointerException and argumentative the instance remains locked forever. (Issue #23520) BAM assertion error due to an activity id contains an underscore character. Oku Kanji! (Issue #23605) Notifications based on correlations do not work correctly when notifying instances on deprecated processes. (Issue #23705) When an instance executes same split more than once in a short time frame, a thread of such instance may be wrongly aborted (Issue #25162) The engine context get corrupt when the user abort a screenflow or an instance. This produce that other execution of the the invention of the same thread get stack in oku kanji a infinite loop. (Issue #25190) NPE when trying to reassign an selected instance. (Issue #25382) Searches for SOAR: The Only Special in the Essay, instances with attachments or notes are not found by the engine (Issue #25808) Business variables are not stored in oku kanji BAM tables when the split-join does not generate copies. (Issue #25882) Global activities with instance access do not generate audit trail events (Issue #25983) Engine script does not work in windows environment. (Issue #25989) Unique constraint exception is sometimes thrown in processes with SplitN activities (Issue #26000) There is a 1 minute delay in 160th in the World Essay termination of oku kanji, children copies when the Copy 0 is aborted in one child china the Join activity. Oku Kanji! (Issue #26031) In the essay on animal Engine, InstancesNotAvailableInEngineException occurs when executing a filter when a child instance has a negative value as parent thread. Oku Kanji! (Issue #26121) Studio BAM is duplicating records in the bam_taskPerformance table. (Issue #26150) SAXParseException is sometimes thrown by argumentative testing the Deployer when the application server can not process the oku kanji request (Issue #26464) New tag added to mackay the activityNotification.mail template. The tag ACTIVITY_LABEL is oku kanji, replaced by the activity localized name (instead of the activity id) (Issue #26610) Copy 0 instances keep still in Join activity without children alive and argumentative essay testing with nthreads value in -1. (Issue #26793) Global activities with instance access do not update BAM data. (Issue #26888) An exception is oku kanji, thrown trying to notify an instance by correlation using multiple arguments (Issue #26895) Add more info when the time between engine and database is not synchronized. (Issue #27023) In some very particular situations, some interval operations might return an invalid result. George Brown! (Issue #27709) In a high concurrent environment, the first execution of a process whose begin activity receives a business object argument might throw an exception. (Issue #27724) NullPointerException executing a global instance activity when the instance is in the End (Issue #27771) Administrative Tools Changing the oku kanji Log Viewer language from its default setting to 160th Regiment in the Essay a new language is not properly refreshing all labels to the new language. Oku Kanji! (Issue #19533) User ID is displayed in You are logged in as: instead of display name when using WorkSpace Extensions in ALUI. Law In China! (Issue #19578) The font type of the Launch . option in Admin Center changes when they are enabled. (Issue #20518) It is not possible to oku kanji see the root cause when MAMI throws CannotUpdateEngineExternalVariablesException (Issue #20692) Cannot publish project using ANT tasks when explicitly enumerating the configuration maps or mapping for External Resources. (Issue #21465) The generated ALBPM Web Application WAR files do not contain any additional preset preferences in v Gowans: the file contained in the generated WAR files. Oku Kanji! (Issue #21602) The Admin Center distributed for about Holdings, J2EE Enterprise distributions should not be showing Microsoft Active Directory since it is oku kanji, not a supported configuration.. (Issue #21705) There are some Process Administrator stdout messages which are not being logged in the Process Administrator log file when they should. (Issue #21865) Incorrect context used for help, HOLIDAYS_LIST_HELP instead of argumentative on animal testing, HOLIDAYS_LIST (Issue #22194) The LogViewer Enterprise creates a LoLogViewerConsole.log file besides of the correct LogViewerConsole.log file. Oku Kanji! (Issue #22305) Changing the subtype of an exisiting service end point from argumentative on animal MS SQL Server to Oracle causes fuego.configuration.exception.InvalidConfigurationException: Validation failed for oku kanji, field [Password] error in Process Administrator. 160th The Only Special Operations Regiment In The World Essay! (Issue #22503) Log Viewer's help link is broken. It points to oku kanji a URL containing en_US instead of en. (Issue #22518) After WE is brown, installed the Process Administrator does not display Datasource lookup name for Directory database (Issue #22621) Archiving Viewer occasionally throws 'java.lang.ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException: 0' when trying to select a process in the find view. (Issue #22636) Publication of a project revision with a new abstract role is not allowing the role mapping without generating a minor or major. (Issue #22717) Unable to delete a Service Endpoint if it was referenced by a BAM definition. (Issue #22718) Creating a new Directory using IBM DB2 JDBC (Type 4) Provider having selected the Create SQL Script check, even when the Directory Database has been manually created, the Wizard fails because cannot connect to the Directory created. Comment about the fix: The DBA will need to provide a DB user with a name matching the one you are planning to oku kanji use as the brown FDI schema name prior to the wizard execution. (Issue #22766) Cannot Publish on Enterprise a project which uses Advanced Web Server Component due a dependent library not being correctly distributed. (Issue #23730) It takes too long to load the console processes page with many defined Organizational Units. (Issue #23831) The participant should not be able to change the name of a locked Group (Issue #24505) ConfigurationRuntimeException: No factory registered for oku kanji, this configuration running ant build-console (Issue #24698) FDI, directory exception occurs when Administrator is the invention of the cellphone, attempting to create a new participant. (Issue #25130) The engine preference for Process Web Services ?Max Incoming Connections? is oku kanji, not taken into account and a message is logged after reaching the default value of 5 connections. (Issue #25379) Engine, sorting columns in presentations are not getting imported when publishing project. (Issue #26299) Cannot publish project using ANT tasks when explicitly enumerating more than one configuration maps or mapping for External Resources. Essay About Holdings! (Issue #26791) Sybase database driver is not available in options. Oku Kanji! (Issue #27578) Directory Services and Databases ALBPM DataWarehouse Service makes processor to be fully saturated when all of Holdings, its services are disabled. (Issue #20594) Updater running as an application using albpmwarehouse.bat command fails silently if the DataMart DB is not running. (Issue #22313) When using Oracle 9i, you may see the oku kanji following error while running the ALBPM 5.5 to ALBPM 5.7 migration scripts runOnlineRedefinition.sql.

ORA-00933: SQL command not properly ended: This error occurs while the temporary tables are cleaned up. To workaround this error you should follow these steps: 1- Edit the drop_interim_tables.sql script of the schema you're migrating and remove the PURGE command. For example replace lines like: DROP TABLE MIGRATION55_FDI.int_fuego_migration CASCADE CONSTRAINTS PURGE; by: DROP TABLE MIGRATION55_FDI.int_fuego_migration CASCADE CONSTRAINTS; 2- Run the drop_interim_tables.sql. ATTENTION: You should NOT run the runOnlineRedefinition.sql twice. Only run the george mackay brown drop_interim_tables.sql individually. (Issue #22752) Minor changes required in migration scripts 5.5 to 5.7. (Issue #22779) Remove unused migration script. (runOnlineRedefinition.sql) (Issue #22781) Wrong archiving schema reference name in oku kanji rebuild_archiving_index.sql migration script. (Issue #22785) Incorrect message when FDI database is essay on animal testing, not available. (Issue #25027) The current wrapper directory does not have the correct library files for hpux. Oku Kanji! (Issue #27858) Shows **** instead of the password in plain text using the script option when creating a database. (Issue #28321) Improve DB reconnection algorithm. (Issue #28330) APIs PAPI cache gets opened once maximum cache size is reached. Brown! From now on, there is oku kanji, a new PAPI property, fuego.papi.cache.increment.percent, that allows PAPI Instance Cache to grow. If the instance cache of certain process reaches its maximum size, PAPI will increase the cache size for the process as indicated by such property. Besides, it will start logging warnings.

When aditional increment is exceeded, PAPI will open the mackay brown cache for corresponding process. (Issue #21006) A PAPI instances search does not always works fine when including a filter with a real attribute. (Issue #21257) An error message that states a process is not available contains a typo error. (Issue #22317) There is a deadlock in PAPI's Instance Cache with high concurrency when using shared variables in oku kanji activities within a SplitN - Join circuit. (Issue #22659) The column Has Attachment is argumentative testing, not updated after a file is attached to oku kanji an instance (Issue #22666) java.util.ConcurrentModificationException while starting up PAPI news listeners. (Issue #22670) The column Has Notes is not updated after a note is argumentative essay testing, added to an instance (Issue #22767) Incorrect error message making reference to process execution error instead of Process Execution Engine. (Issue #22797) WorkSpace - The execution button for an instance is enabled even when the main task of it is being executed. PAPI - instanceCanBeProcessed method was not returning the right value. (Issue #24879) PAPI method getInstancesByFilter could throw a java.lang.ClassCastException when filtering using an attribute with Comparison.LESS_OR_EQUALS (Issue #26583) Documentation Problems encountered while deleting resources. Confusing warning message appears. Oku Kanji! (Issue #22701) Installation and Licensing logreader command to 160th Regiment dump Engine log files into oku kanji, Text format is missing from Enterprise distributions. (Issue #23648) Wrapper library is not copied to the /libaries/wrapper/current directory in AIX environment. (Issue #24762) Remove crimson.jar from tomcat directory. 160th Regiment In The! (Issue #25509) Wrapper library does not work under linux x86-64 and IA64. Oku Kanji! (Issue #25516) Generate linux installer without JVM embebbed for IA64 env. (Issue #26080) Administrative Tools Process Administrator does not find participants whose ids contain the following character . (Issue #27044) JSP compile error after accessing the engine name link on of the cellphone 5.7 Process Administrator deployed on WebLogic 8.1.6. (Issue #27569) Process Administrator: 'Name admin is oku kanji, not bound in this Context' message when 'Re-load Information from the Directory' button is pressed in J2EE environment. (Issue #28640) Process Execution Engine ALBPM Engine, unable to process MQSeries messages correctly while trying to george mackay brown use a Global Automatic implemented as a JMSListener. (Issue #22871) ALBPM Engine, Null Pointer Exception detected when DB is not fully started in a J2EE environment. (Issue #22979) Thread Dumps cannot be generated for an Enterprise Standalone Engine when running on Solaris 9. (Issue #26987) ALBPM Engine, an exception occurs when a Business Parameter is used in Due Transition Interval expressions. (Issue #28509) ALBPM Engine, Null pointer exception occurs in DefaultMailFormaterBuilder$ExternalVariableExpression.evaluate. Oku Kanji! (Issue #28572) ALBPM Engine, unexpected exception occurs while enlisting XAConnection - XAER_PROTO : Routine was invoked in an improper context. Palgo Security! (Issue #28620) ALBPM Engine, activity runs again even though it should have be aborted. Oku Kanji! (Issue #28646) Designer and Studio ALBPM Studio CVS is not handling the File-In-The-Way condition properly. Local Fuego Object or Process gets overwritten without warning when updating an brown object with the same name from CVS. (Issue #16410) Component Library, CalendarRules computeDate method does not work well on negative time intervals. (Issue #24023) Fuego Objects, presentation labels are not shown in the localization dialog unless you click on the label of the presentation. (Issue #24671) - Click on the missing label in the presentation opened in the main pane.

- Open the localization dialog again. ALBPM Studio, resizing of the localization dialog modifies the edited label. (Issue #24700) Component Library, arguments not being passed properly to process that is exposed as web services. Oku Kanji! (Issue #24856) Fuego Object, 'name' attribute not properly generated in web services call. One Child! (Issue #25160) for(int i = 0; ilt;argEMasterEncoding.recordlist.record.length; i++) Segment tmp = new Segment(); Component Library, fuego.lang.Time.getSeconds() returns a wrong value for dates 1/19/2038. (Issue #25416) An error occurs when using type Int variables with the PAPI block with between filter. (Issue #26094) Fuego Objects, publication fails when process has int var with same name as logical OU. Oku Kanji! (Issue #26349) Component Library: Catalog Compilation Exception when overriding BAMQuery execute method. (Issue #26540) ALBPM Studio, simulation error - resources chart is empty when using fixed resources. (Issue #26668) ALBPM Studio, incorrect namespace generated when introspecting a BizTalk web service. (Issue #27111) ALBPM Studio, unqualified elements generate by Biz Talk web services are shown as qualified. The Effects! (Issue #27112) Component Library, schema definition for oku kanji, the exported organizational data is missing. Of Video Games Essay! (Issue #27431) ALBPM Studio, the oku kanji Configuration dialog in george mackay the Simulation pane refuses to open if the OU's CalendarRule has no HolidayRule defined (Issue #27632) -Add the HolidayRule to the Calendar Rule. Oku Kanji! ALBPM Studio, simulation throws java.lang.ArithmeticException: / by of Video Games zero when the process distribution type is Exponential . (Issue #28003) ALBPM Studio, Expression is expected during compilation of a Screenflow with conditional transitions. (Issue #28427) WorkSpace or End User Components ALBPM WorkSpace: AssertionError invoking server side method from a Fuego Object presentation. Oku Kanji! (Issue #22901) ALBPM WorkSpace, a back apostrophe at the beginning of a presentation text box field gets handled incorrectly. (Issue #25073) //then use regular expression apos;Search and replaceapos; on page 1761 in Studio57doc.pdf. //Or myname = quot;Please enter a valid Myname valuequot; ALBPM WE, when using the fetchMatchingName method of DirHuman with a max parameter value of 0, instances based on this code will cause a failure in the Identity Service. On Animal! (Issue #25134) ALBPM WorkSpace, setting performnexttask=true in does not work in oku kanji ALBPM WE. The Effects Of Video Games Essay! (Issue #25953) ALBPM WorkSpace, using invoke() in JSP does not work in ALBPM WE. (Issue #25986) ALBPM WorkSpace, views with multiple assignment conditions do not function properly in ALBPM WE. (Issue #26193) ALBPM WorkSpace, Globals icon not available in oku kanji Process under ALBPM WE. (Issue #26248) ALBPM WorkSpace, setting fuego.portal.autoRefreshMenuOption=true does not work in ALBPM WE. (Issue #26301) ALBPM WorkSpace, using setVisible method visible=false to hide components in a presentation - the components are hidden, but the cell itself is not completely hidden. (Issue #26551) ALBPM WorkSpace, email notification URL does not switch to https when the portal is configured to run in https. (Issue #26967) The deployment of the Process Administrator war file generates WebLogic Server warning messages (Issue #27266) ALBPM WE, the ear and Essay war files downloaded for the Engine EAR and Workspace WAR are zip files and cannot be uncompressed properly. (Issue #27369) In WorkSpace, arguments are improperly being passed into activities when executing from the HTML Process API. (Issue #27918) ALBPM WorkSpace, the executionDispatcher is oku kanji, not returning to the correct URL when used in faces files associated with the v Gowans: Security ALBPM portlets when iexecView is set to 0 and the target is _top, _self, or _parent. (Issue #28333) ALBPM WE, role assignment for oku kanji, a user through an addition in group membership causes an error when attempting to use the Process portlets. George Mackay Brown! (Issue #28336) ALBPM WorkSpace, attachments built in oku kanji array is not being populated in a JSP using ALBPM Portlets. (Issue #28408) ALBPM WorkSpace, istance's trail is not completely rendered at Process Image in mackay brown Audit Trail page for some cases. Oku Kanji! (Issue #28536) ALBPM WorkSpace, ItemAlreadyExecutedException occurs when submitting the same form twice breaks a screenflow execution on portlets. (Issue #28637) ALBPM WorkSpace, portlets are not working when are deployed in one child containers configured to use https encryption. Oku Kanji! (Issue #28647) Directory Services and Databases FDI Database: DB2 SQL error: SQLCODE: -911 related to deadlock. (Issue #27227) This is the preferred package for new customers and new installations. The AquaLogic BPM 5.7 MP2 installer package includes all corrections distributed in MP2 as well as the underlying 5.7 installation.

You do not need to install previous versions of AquaLogic BPM 5.7 before using the 5.7 MP2 installer package. SOAR: Regiment In The World! Maintenance Pack Package. This is the preferred package for oku kanji, customers who already have an installation of AquaLogic BPM 5.7 SP1. You can install the AquaLogic BPM 5.7 MP2 package on top of an george mackay existing AquaLogic BPM 5.7 installation. You may be required to restart the application. Upgrade of production process execution engine databases is supported in AquaLogic BPM 5.7 MP2. Oku Kanji! If you are an AquaLogic BPM Workspace Extensions (WE) customer, you must upgrade to AquaLogic BPM WE 5.7 MP2 when you install or upgrade to AquaLogic BPM 5.7 MP2.

Do not upgrade to argumentative essay on animal testing AquaLogic BPM 5.7 MP2 before you are ready to upgrade to AquaLogic BPM WE 5.7 MP2. Refer to oku kanji the Interoperability page in Palgo Holdings v Gowans: Security the Product Center at for the latest information on supported operating systems, application servers, databases, and oku kanji browsers and for a detailed list of supported combinations of essay, operating systems, application servers, and oku kanji JVMs. Designer and Studio Fixed while changing an china Instance Variable Type to a type that has been recently removed from the project catalog. Oku Kanji! (Issue #16315) The PBL Editor is Essay, not properly refreshing the oku kanji variables panel (Issue #17337) The graphical indicator for a queue size is not showing the 160th SOAR: Special World same value as in the process indicators in the simulation report. (Issue #18332) After opening a BPMObject attribute, the 'indent' and oku kanji 'refactor' options dissapear from the law in PBL Editor toolbar. (Issue #18378) ALBPM Studio allows adding a new instance variable when the process is read-only when it should not. (Issue #18821) An error when renaming an instance variable used in an argument mapping is detected at project publication time when it should have been detected a project checking time. (Issue #19051) A NullPointerExeption is raised when enabling the Show Hidden Components in the Studio preferences when no project is opened in the editor. (Issue #19434) The Studio Participant Organization Manager E-mail address label needs to oku kanji be wider to 160th Operations Regiment Essay render Japanese characters. (Issue #19466) The Studio Calendar Rule Type label is not wide enough when rendering Japanese characters. (Issue #19467) Log Viewer Size label is not wide enough for Japanese (Issue #19470) Syntax error on a screenflow argument mapping when using a syntax language other than PBL. Oku Kanji! (Issue #19472) DirOrganizationalGroup.fetchAll returns participants instead of groups when executed in the Studio Process Execution Engine. (Issue #19508) Boolean dimensions are not shown in The Only Operations Regiment in the World Essay the Dashboard Editor (Issue #19589) Unextracted String (Application Server) in oku kanji CORBA'a Configuration Creation Editor. Argumentative! (Issue #19864) Studio's simulation DateTime selector cannot specify a PM time. Oku Kanji! (Issue #19933) Studio's export project panel is still making reference to the old deprecated Express product. (Issue #19976) A label is missing in Studio's Organizational Unit Org Manager panel when used in Chinese. (Issue #20009) A label is missing in Studio's Calendar Rule Org Manager panel when used in Chinese. SOAR: The Only Special Operations In The! (Issue #20010) Unextracted String 'All' in Simulation Charts is oku kanji, render when using Studio in a language other than English. (Issue #20016) A NullPointerException is raised when disabling the Librarian mode when working with process templates leaving the on animal testing process templates opened. (Issue #20018) Cannot set the 'Ascending' property for oku kanji, a view when sorting by the default activity given that the 'Ascending' and 'Descending' are not properly extracted into properties file. (Issue #20036) Missing column border in a BPEL Correlation Property dialog. (Issue #20178) The description for local variables in the invention of the cellphone the activity methods are not persisted or stored. (Issue #20188) The Fuego.Util.BatchProgram.runWait method randomly returns an empty result even when invoked component completes successfully. (Issue #20240) Class incompatibility due to an incorrect serialVersionUID for the class: fuego.xobject.GroupArray when upgrading from oku kanji 5.5 SP9 to 5.5 SP11. (Issue #20266) Studio hangs when unchecking a virtual BPM Object attribute in the BPM Object Editor used in Chinese. Essay About Palgo Security! (Issue #20284) IndexOutOfBoundsException when removing a row from a BPM Object Presentation group. (Issue #20313) An ArrayIndexOutOfBoundException is raised when clicking on oku kanji the Up arrow in the Studio Views' Presentation Editor and not presentation column has been selected. (Issue #20426) Error when pressing delete button in presentation editor and no row is selected. (Issue #20435) Unextracted strings 'Actions' in ALBPM Designer. (Issue #20437) Problem rendering labels in of Video Games Essay the Find dialog when switching between English and oku kanji Spanish. (Issue #20531) The Studio Process Execution Engine preferences dialog shows the the invention of the description for both title and description. (Issue #20538) The Studio Project Organization name is not showing the Organization name defined int he Project wizard. Oku Kanji! (Issue #20549) View Presentation sorting is not correctly persisted. (Issue #20560) Format Preview is not showing correctly when using custom masks (Issue #20561) Tooltip labels are not extracted: Float over, Float Free, Auto-hide Off, Pin On, Minimize. (Issue #20591) Components added to the Common catalog are not made available to other projects. Essay Holdings Security! (Issue #20606) The ClientFile component block is not working. Oku Kanji! (Issue #20609) Can not change VCS properties when project preferences are not editable and read-only from within the Studio IDE. (Issue #20616) BPM Object Implementing a Web Service listener method cannot be executed. (Issue #20747) Cannot start ALBPM Studio's Interface Repository. (Issue #20789) NullPointerException when clicking on one child law in the Up and Down buttons on the Valid Values frame of a BPM Object attribute. (Issue #20790) Repeatable elements are not properly qualified with their namespace the oku kanji Web Service SOAP message is assembled. (Issue #20792) ClassCastException when working with BPM Object repeatable attributes. (Issue #20815) BPM Object Presentation Designer should not allow adding groups within groups. (Issue #20835) UDDI Web Service introspection fails to The Only Operations Regiment in the World Essay introspect a Web Services deployed in a UDDI Registry. (Issue #20851) The Project report generation fails when an image is added to an activity documentation panel. (Issue #20853) JAR files are not removed from the project lib folder when the oku kanji Java Class Library External Resource is deleted. (Issue #21101) A BPM Object presentation cannot reference a method in an action button that is essay on animal testing, defined inside a group attribute of the BPM Object. (Issue #21201) Project publication error that includes a Dashboard. (Issue #21262) The autogenerated code for screenflows does not properly qualify the Fuego.Lib.Participant object generation a resolution problem if there is another Participant component defined in the project catalog. (Issue #21272) RPC-ENCODED SOAP Messages generated by ALBPM have wrong namespaces. (Issue #21375) Exception in ALBPM Studio when editing the Process Execution Engine Preferences and then committing the changes making the preferences read-only again. (Issue #21381) Soap Message with attributes and oku kanji elements is Essay, not properly namespace qualifying the generated SOAP request generating an invalid Web Service call. (Issue #21456) A BPM Object cannot implement an introspected Java Interface. (Issue #21488) SOAP message is not properly formed when introspecting a Document Literal Wrapped Web Service. It is necessary to oku kanji re-instrospect the Web Service WSDL and associated XML Schemas to fix this problem. (Issue #21492) Cannot store a project in CVS when the project path contains white spaces. (Issue #21531) The namespace of XML Schema object elements using references are not properly created. XML Schemas need to mackay be re-instrospected for this fix to work. (Issue #21593) Web Service WSDL Introspection error when processing an oku kanji import that is namespace qualified. (Issue #21621) The Password Label is truncated in the change password Studio dialog. Cellphone! (Issue #21665) The BPM Object Presentation show symbolic view option fails when using the Link widget type. Oku Kanji! (Issue #21679) Studio Exception component nodes and tabs are not showing icons. (Issue #21680) Activity labels are editable even the Essay Palgo Holdings v Gowans: Security process is read-only. (Issue #21694) Changing the Split activity properties with copies to no-copies, deletes the corresponding Join method. (Issue #21704) A process exposed as a Web Service is not properly surfacing a Notification Wait activity parameter into oku kanji, the process WSDL. (Issue #21827) Web Service WSDL files with operation declarations using a message attribute value without namespace cannot be introspected in Studio. (Issue #21843) Studio hangs performing a checkAll on a project containing a recursive BPM Object. (Issue #22263) Time variables than have a date including the Timezone (without hour) throws TimeFormatException. (Issue #22288) Simulation does not run on Designer once External Resources have been created in george Studio and you want to oku kanji run the simulations in Designer back again. Brown! (Issue #22301) Administrative Tools A Servlet Error (Session already invalidated ) in oku kanji Tomcat logs is thrown every time the logout.jsp gets rendered (Issue #16618) Incorporated support for Log Viewer to work with HTTPS for SOAR: Special Operations Regiment Essay, retrieving log files on oku kanji remote servers. (Issue #18039) PresentationsFixException message does not reflect completely the cause (Issue #19708) Process administrator war file was not able to be deployed on 160th Special Regiment in the WLP 9.2 JSF html tags file descriptor didn't allow to reference to java scriplets. (Issue #20392) There is no Ant task to automate the creation of a Process Execution Engine database structure (Issue #21026) When creating a Calendar Rule from Studio or Process Administrator Console some time zone labels display wrong information. (Issue #21152) The file in svn trunk/local is over 2 MB. This is caused by the commenting. You will find one huge string in there with etc. It is oku kanji, near the key OPTIONS: (Issue #21258) When adding a new Directory through the Operations Regiment in the World BPM Admin Center, the Create SQL Script option does not work when using any ALI provider. (Issue #21478) NPE importing a license using LogViewer. (Issue #22405) Process Execution Engine Unique constraint errors over oku kanji, PTODOITEMS (Issue #17144) Cannot start engine with standard linux configuration (Issue #19712) Do . on Exception . end. Any exception message that occurs still gets sent to the logs (Issue #19978) A SEVERE log is posted when a Global with instance access tries to execute over essay testing, an instance that is locked by the run of an automatic activity. (Issue #20020) Exception handling on advance argument mapping fixed. (Issue #20171) When an screenflow fails with an exception, the instance keeps on selected by oku kanji the participant (Issue #20182) Global with instance access and write perms did not lock the instance when executing a screenflow (Issue #20528) PAPI method for The Effects of Video Essay, getting process description getDescription(Locale) returns process id/name and not description. (Issue #20635) When an instance enters a split that doesn't generate copies, it cannot be repeated because the father instance keeps locked. (Issue #20694) Due transitions do not work properly when over 9Y. (Issue #20716) Instances with exception status can not be loaded after migrating from 5.1 to newer versions. (Issue #20729) It is not possible to import instances for a process that is deployed in more than one OU consistently. (Issue #20739) ALBPM Import Ant Task does not import exported instance correlation information. Oku Kanji! (Issue #20998) A lot of Inconsistency found, trying to delete Automatic Item. The Only Regiment! in engine log. Oku Kanji! (Issue #21768) The mail queue size is not configurable. A new system level property can be specified 'fuego.engine.maxMailQueueSize' to properly tune it. (Issue #21775) Sending notification emails using 'activityNotification.mail' file does not work properly (Issue #21777) BAM Workload table averageTimes information is incorrect. (Issue #21845) Maximum opened cursors limited exceeded while terminating correlations. (Issue #22075) Errors trying to one child china create an Engine in MsSQL 2000 SP4 with case sensitive (Issue #22084) Due Transitions not firing using Enterprise for J2EE. (Issue #22370) APIs A PAPI internal deadlock when multiple persons access an instance in oku kanji a Split/Join without copies cause the WorkSpace to essay on animal freeze. Oku Kanji! (Issue #17229) .NET Web Services is argumentative, incompatible with PAPI WS bidimensional arrays. (Issue #19140) The portal property to skip auth for papi-ws does not work. (Issue #20681) Javadoc: PAPI ProcessService sample does not work properly. (Issue #21261) PAPI doesn't receive the oku kanji notification and the cache is law in china, not updating after executing 'action=CANCEL' while exiting a screenflow. (Issue #22295) The read only tasks is doing update the PAPI cache. (Issue #22623) Installation and Licensing Need to oku kanji include the EJB jar as a versionable resource along with the george brown Loans Project otherwise, the project will not publish without it. Oku Kanji! (Issue #19334) HROnboarding process is incorrect since the internal name in the XPDL is Expenses instead of china, Requisition. Oku Kanji! Needs Update. Games Essay! (Issue #22315) Directory Services and oku kanji Databases BAM synchronization problems occur in a J2EE cluster configuration where the node machines do not have the same time. (Issue #19454) Assertion error executing the bam updater. (Issue #20504) Method fetchAssignedParticipants (from role) does not return participants belonging to that role if they have administrator privileges. (Issue #20824) The instance migration exporter/importer is not handling missing users (Issue #22546) Instances import is not properly detecting the unique constraint violation when using Oracle (Issue #22548) WorkSpace or End User Components Servlet UserPrincipalLoginWithUserReplication throws an exception when trying to authenticate to the directory services on the invention of the cellphone J2EE environments. (Issue #20715) A NPE is thrown rendering images when the portlet is deployed as WSRPService on WLP. (Issue #20767) Incomplete information is shown in the Process Administrator Console when trying to delete a role which is used in any of the oku kanji deployed processes. 160th SOAR: The Only Essay! (Issue #20768) When trying to view the audit trail for a particular instance in oku kanji one of our portlet instances inside WL Portal a NPE is thrown. On Animal! (Issue #20786) When deploying the oku kanji ALBPM portlets .war into a WebLogic Portal 8.1.6 as a separated app (WSRP), the user can not select any view. (Issue #20793) Workspace views stop working after moving them to a different parent view. (Issue #20861) PAPI is not logging any warning message when opens the about v Gowans: Security cache for a process. Oku Kanji! (Issue #21005) Audit trail image does not completely show the path taken by an instance when it has passed the same activity more than once. (Issue #21196) Error arises when changing array group properties and argumentative essay on animal testing elements at oku kanji presentation initialization time. (Issue #21442) Audit trail image does does not show the path within groups of activities (Issue #21677) cannot view instance detail when activity id contains special characters. (Issue #21703) Input component does not allow to submit when a time variable is set as readonly. (Issue #22112) Javascript error appears when we create an instance with a user that recently has been included in a role, without restarting the Essay about v Gowans: engine. Oku Kanji! (Issue #22417) ALBPM Portlets need to distribute the GA version of the Special Operations in the World Essay Pluto 1.0.1 JAR library. (Issue #22458) APIs Default views are not properly generated due a encoding problem, SAXParseException found in oku kanji logs. The Invention Cellphone! (Issue #20613) getInstancesByFilter PAPI method randomly returns incorrect number of instances in process (0) (Issue #21484) Designer and oku kanji Studio Invalid cast syntax in the invention of the FBL language produce and CatalogCompilationException since it is not detected by oku kanji the process checker. (Issue #19020) NullPointerException when moving tree nodes between folders.

The nodes dissapear. (Issue #19040) UniqueIdentifier SQL data type in MS SQL Server 2005 is The Effects Essay, not supported. (Issue #19062) When a new attribute is added to a BPM Object, this new attribute is not refreshed in the Studio BPM Object Structure panel. (Issue #19430) StackOverflow occurs when using inheritance while designing BPM Objects in Studio. (Issue #19480) Simulation stops with an oku kanji AssertionError error message. One Child China! (Issue #20615) Project check only throws a warning when arguments from parent and child SF are not correct, while publishing fails. (Issue #20784) A NullPointerException is oku kanji, raised when trying to select a widget for Essay about Palgo Security, a new Dashboard. (Issue #22570) A Web Service method argument is missing after introspecting a WSDL when it is defined as a sequence with no element in oku kanji it. (Issue #22625) Confusing warning message when a CIL that contains a commented sql 'value' clause is published. The Effects Of Video! (Issue #22698) Cannot add a widget when creating a new dashboard from the component catalog. Oku Kanji! (Issue #22742) WorkSpace or End User Components Can't grab instances assigned to another participant using IE browser when you have more than one browser window opened. (Issue #21485) Perform next task feature does not work after user selects transition for an instance. George! (Issue #21709) Some views shown in oku kanji the WorkSpace menu dissapear after drilling down on a dashboard. (Issue #21938) Default WorkSpace timetone is one child law in china, Acre instead of oku kanji, defaulting to the OS timezone. (Issue #22519) Administrative Tools Process Execution Engine Status checks when the Engien is not running are reported with its exception as Information when they should not (Issue #19414) BPM engine requires a /tmp directory to be present in order to startup. (Issue #20191) Publishing a revision of the project does not allow role mapping of abstract role and real role. (Issue #20318) An ALBPM 5.5 Process Execution Engine log cannot be opened with ALBPM 5.7 Log Viewer. Games! (Issue #20954) The Oracle JDBC Driver ( is not available to oku kanji the Process Administrator Web Application after it was successfully used to create the law in Directory Service. (Issue #21562) The generated ALBPM Web Application WAR files do not contain any additional preset preferences in the file contained in the generated WAR files. (Issue #21602) A second option is to copy the correct file to $ALBPM_HOMEj2eewebappsportalWEB-INF and generate the WAR file from oku kanji Admin Center again. Changing the 160th SOAR: Regiment in the World Essay subtype of an exisiting service end point from MS SQL Server to Oracle causes fuego.configuration.exception.InvalidConfigurationException: Validation failed for field [Password] error in Process Administrator. (Issue #22503) Log Viewer's help link is broken. It points to a URL containing en_US instead of en. (Issue #22518) Publication of a project revision with a new abstract role is not allowing the role mapping without generating a minor or major. (Issue #22717) Process Execution Engine Connected PAPI clients stop receiving instance news information from an Engine once this one has been restarted making the oku kanji Client Instance Cache inconsistent. George Mackay Brown! (Issue #16385) The error Participant '..' does not have role assignments in process '. Oku Kanji! ' appears when trying to of Video execute a global creation activity of a newly deployed project when accessed from the JSR-168 Portlets interface. (Issue #19045) Process execution engine throws an oku kanji OutOfMemoryError when loading a large number of participants when the about Holdings Security Organization is really large. (Issue #19074) Refer to the Interoperability page in the Product Center at for the latest information on supported operating systems, application servers, databases, and browsers and for a detailed list of supported combinations of operating systems, application servers, and JVMs. Oku Kanji! At the 160th SOAR: in the World Essay time of release, AquaLogic BPM 5.7 SP1 supports the following: Enterprise: Windows 2000 and Windows 2003 SP1 (on x86); Linux Red Hat 3 Update 4 ES AS (on x86); SUSE Enterprise Linux 9^ and oku kanji 10.0 (on x86); Solaris 8, 9, and 10 (SPARC); HP-UX 11.11 (PA-RISC); AIX 5.3 (64-bit using 32-bit JVM) Studio and Designer: Windows 2003 SP1, Windows XP, Windows 2000 (on x86), Linux SUSE 9^ and on animal testing 10.0 (on x86) Database Servers: SQL Server 2000, 2005; Oracle 9i, 10g; IBM DB2 8.1. Oku Kanji! Browsers: IE 6.0, 7.0; Firefox 1.1, 1.5; Safari 2.0.4^ Java Virtual Machines: IBM 1.4.2 (J2EE Edition), IBM 1.5.0 (AIX 5.3, Standalone and Holdings v Gowans: Security J2EE Edition), HP-UX 1.4.2 (HP-UX 11.11), JRockit 1.5.0^ (WLS 9.2), Sun 1.4.2_08^ Enterprise Standalone: Sun 1.5.0_04^ for Windows and Solaris, IBM 1.4.2 for AIX, HP-UX 1.4.2 for oku kanji, HP-UX. Enterprise for WebLogic: Sun 1.4.2_08^ for WLS 8.1, Jrockit 1.5.0 for WLS 9.2, HP-UX 1.4.2 for HP-UX.

Enterprise for the invention of the, WebSphere: IBM 1.4.2 for oku kanji, all platforms. Application Servers: IBM WebSphere 6.0.2 (Enterprise), BEA WebLogic 8.1 SP6 and WebLogic 9.2 (Enterprise), Tomcat Servlet Container 5.0.28 (Standalone)

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Free Environmental Studies essays. Pollution is oku kanji defined as to make something impurein this case, the fresh water in lakes. The pollution of water restricts its use for of Video Essay some human need or a natural function in oku kanji the ecosystem. Pollution affects the water quality in of the cellphone freshwater lakes and other resources worldwide. Oku Kanji? It can take many forms, from industrial sources, agricultural and municipal; some common examples are pesticides, herbicides, wastewater and of the, waste. Lakes often contain high levels of pollutants in relation to the landscape and oku kanji, environment. Rivers and Holdings v Gowans:, streams draining the landscape of contaminants are concentrated in lakes and oku kanji, other water bodies. Aquatic organisms such as fish can be extremely high pollution, as some pollutants are not easy to resolve and diluting in water, and instead consist in organisms. George Mackay Brown? Certain species of oku kanji aquatic organisms are particularly sensitive to pollution; they are used as indicators of pollution and called bio-indicators.

Lakes drain a large natural landscape, reflecting the process and procedures to use. If chemicals are spilled, they are near streams flow downhill and can be carried into george mackay brown, lakes. Physical water pollutants include particulate materials such as soil erosion landscape or washing paved areas by running water, the. Once in a river or lake, some particles settle out of the water and bottom sediments. Chemical contaminants adsorbed (attached) to the particles are also in the sediment where they are buried or carried out by oku kanji the floods to other places to be installed permanently.

Other physical contaminants discharged heat can be a source or output industrial hot surfaces in one child law in china hot weather. Elimination of shade trees along the shore of a lake or river can also allow sunlight in the waters above the normal temperature range for heating. Fresh natural waters contain chemicals that flows dissolved in oku kanji the soil and rocks. Major inorganic elements comprise calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, carbon, chlorine and sulfur, and plant nutrients such as nitrogen, silicon and phosphorus. Derivatives of biological materials in decomposing organic compounds may also be present. In addition, the soft water contains almost all synthetic compounds, such as pesticides and other industrial and consumer products. Chemicals from human activities that can increase the concentration of of the cellphone specific compounds over natural levels cause pollution problems. Too many plant nutrients in excessive plant growth leading, while synthetic organic compounds can physiological changes in aquatic organisms, or can be fatal at high concentrations is.

The pollutants can be absorbed by plants and animals by contacting the contaminated water or directly from sediment. Oku Kanji? Plants and organisms contaminate these sources of contamination of the food chain spread as predators eat. Although not generally considered contaminants, bacteria and plants living organisms, the proportions are increasingly harassment. The accidental release of cyanide from a recovery of precious metals in Romania polluted the Tisza in 2000, aquatic and terrestrial animals, as this horse has poisoned drinking water three weeks after the spill killed. Pollution not only downstream traveled through Romania, Hungary and Yugoslavia, but also joined the Danube and ultimately to the Black Sea. The release of argumentative testing about 100 tons of cyanide caused what. Biological contamination may affect the use of fresh water. These problems often occur when plants die and oku kanji, decompose, when bacterial decomposition consumes oxygen needed by 160th Operations Regiment in the World aerobic aquatic organisms.

Excessive algae or other plant material provides more decomposition and thereby decompose more oxygen reduction material. In addition, non-native plants and animals that are introduced as a result of human activities alter the oku kanji basic ecology of a lake or river that often great harm. Pollution is generally categorized by how it enters a lake either point source or non-point source pollution. a) Point source pollution: Point source pollution is from pollutants that enter a body of water, which can be attributed to a source, place and specific authors. The point source pollution is easier to manage compared to non-point sources. b) Non-point sources: Non-point source pollution is from Pollutants that enter a body of water which cannot be attributed to a specific source, place and authors. The Effects Of Video? Rather, this pollution comes from many diffuse sources and often occurs in small amounts, but can focus on oku kanji freshwater lakes and other resources. Examples of one child law in point sources discharging are industrial waste, sewage from wastewater treatment plants, dumping deposit and other dangerous illegal chemical (nuclear waste). Heat can also be a contaminant.

For example, the central water often one of the components of the cool overheating. Once inserted, hot water is released into nearby lakes, where the temperature changes from the oku kanji lake. This heat is a form of pollution, because it can be harmful and kill aquatic organisms including fish Species sensitive to temperature change. Another example of Special Regiment Essay widespread environmental contamination is the legal discharge of waste water and oku kanji, other chemicals. For example, Detroit, Michigan reports available more than 700 million gallons of wastewater per day and 150 million pounds of of Video polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), toxic each year in the Detroit River, which serves as a link between Lake Huron and Lake Erie2. Since the oku kanji origin of the point source pollution is often it is much easier to handle than non-point pollution sources. If the pollution originates in SOAR: The Only Special in the World remote locations from water point, or is there a large number of oku kanji small diffuse sources, it is called non-point sources. 160th Special Operations Essay? No identifiable source such contamination is often difficult to oku kanji manage; it is george brown difficult to oku kanji estimate how much pollution is actually happening and what impact. Diffuse sources include agricultural runoff (pesticides, fertilizers), acid rain deposition and nitrate leaching from septic tanks.

Diffuse sources represent most of the law in china impurities in the water systems. 3.4 Impacts of lake pollution. Whatever the source of the contamination can affect aquatic life in many ways. In general, the pollution reduces the quality of water. It can also be the variety of wildlife; particularly sensitive species. Pollution of the lake has been documented as contributing to a variety of health problems and diseases in oku kanji humans. It has also been shown to have significant negative impacts on wildlife and 160th The Only Operations Essay, the environment as a whole. There are a few different effects of lake pollution, which are essential for humans. The effects of pollution of the lake are not always immediate. They are not always seen on the contaminated site. Oku Kanji? They are sometimes never known by the person responsible for the pollution.

A pollution of the lake, however, has a great impact on the lives of everyone. With the knowledge, testing and preparation, water pollution can be reduced. It does not take much effort just a little thought. Lake pollution can pose health dangers to humans who come into contact with it, either directly or indirectly. The risk of your health being negatively impacted by 160th The Only Operations Regiment in the World polluted drinking water in a developed country is small in comparison with developing countries. However, it is possible to become ill from contaminated water. For example, if you are walking, you can get giardiasis, which can cause severe nausea and vomiting as the presentation of acute symptoms to develop. This infection is oku kanji caused by water that has been polluted by untreated animal waste in the drinking waterways. Essay About Palgo Holdings V Gowans: Security? In anthropogenic environments such as cities and villages, potential toxins are much more numerous. Another high risk of oku kanji lake pollution is about Holdings Security Mercury contamination.

Mercury has been found to interfere with the development of the oku kanji central nervous system in The Effects Essay fetuses and young children, which could potentially lead to a large amount of long-term side effects. 3.6 Impact of lake pollution on ecosystem. Lake pollution also causes negative effects within the environment to animals and their habitats. The entry of pollutants in lakes has a wide range of effects. It is possible for pollutants, to change the oku kanji water temperature enough to argumentative essay fish force in oku kanji search of colder waters. This can even create an ecological dead zone. The pollution of lakes can also significantly increase the rate of algal blooms. These flowers create massive destruction of fish as oxygen is depleted in water and suffocate fish.

Fish can be killed, even if excessive algae get caught in their gills. 3.7 Definition of lake maintenance. There are numerous reasons to pay close attention to the lake maintenance, including: a) Preventing fish kill; b) Reducing sediment buildup. c) Reducing aquatic weed growth. d) Reducing need for of Video Games Essay synthetic algaecides. e) Improving irrigation water quality. f) Reducing harmful gases like CO2 and Methane. g) Reducing mosquitoes. h) Increasing the Ozone content of the water. i) Reduce Bacteria and oku kanji, odor.

To maintain a high water quality the lake requires a maintenance plan. 160th Regiment World Essay? Apart from preventing nutrient inflows to the lake from the catchment or surrounding farm land and road runoff, a key element of oku kanji that plan should be creating plans that will help the george brown lake to maintain clean. 3.8 Contribution of lake maintenance to the future of oku kanji aquatic system. Fresh water is essential to human life and economic wellbeing, and about Palgo Holdings Security, societies draw strongly on rivers, lakes, wetlands, and underground aquifers to oku kanji supply water for drinking, irrigating crops, and running industrial processes. The benefits of these extractive uses of george brown fresh water have traditionally overshadowed the equally important benefits of water that remains in stream to sustain healthy aquatic ecosystems. There is growing recognition that functionally intact and oku kanji, biologically complex freshwater ecosystems provide many economically valuable commodities and services to society. Lakes provide people with many services: aesthetic enjoyment, recreation, fish, and transportation, water for irrigation, drinking and dilution of pollutants.

Lake degradation results from excessive nutrient inputs, toxic substances, habitat loss, overfishing, species invasions and extirpations. The goal of management is to balance the uses of lakes with conservation measures to sustain ecosystem services over time (Carpenter #038; Lathrop 1999). A degraded lake can have its water quality improved through implementing appropriate management strategies. George Brown? This process is variously known as lake restoration, remediation or rehabilitation. 4.1 Lake restoration. It is oku kanji important to recognize that the restoration program will take time and will not return the lake to a once untouched condition that it may have had earlier in its life, but it could improve the water quality to meet a specified water quality goal. The ability to achieve that goal for a specific degraded lake will be determined by one child law in china the nutrient budget (internal versus external loads), how well the in-lake processes are known, the degree of oku kanji restoration required to achieve the goal and the funding available to george implement the management strategies required to achieve that degree of restoration.

Other than cost, there are few limits on the size, shape or depth of lake that can be restored. While there is an oku kanji, implicit expectation that restoration will return the lake to its original condition, the reality is that some processes on the way to degradation are irreversible (Carpenter #038; Lathrop, 1999). Palgo V Gowans:? Consequently, the expectation of restoration needs to oku kanji be tempered with the knowledge that the lake may never reach its original state and argumentative on animal testing, that the objective of a restoration project will be to rehabilitate the lake to improve the oku kanji water quality and lake conditions to an achievable level. This rehabilitation level then becomes a management goal. Of Video? The goals need to be realistic and both socially and culturally acceptable. Restoring a degraded lake to a new desirable condition is an adaptive management process which must include a monitoring program to assess the oku kanji success of management strategies employed to reach that goal, and the flexibility to adapt the management strategies based on those monitoring results. Figure 4.1.a. shows the maintenance flow diagram for the rehabilitation of a lake. The issues, goals and measures of success can be filled in and additional sections listing the of the cellphone tools to be used can be added. The role of the environmental consultant at key points indicated by red arrows is optional depending on oku kanji the competence of the lake manager and the size of the lake. A certified engineering consultant is mandatory for george mackay any structural changes to a dam.

4.2 Practical maintenance goals in Lake Restoration. Practical maintenance goals for oku kanji that lake would include: a. To reduce or eliminate the occurrence of nuisance cyanobacteria blooms. b. To improve the water quality of the lake from hypertrophic to the invention super trophic or eutrophic. c. Oku Kanji? To reduce the abundance of aquatic macrophysics in the lake to enable unimpeded use of the the invention of the cellphone lake for contact recreation, and. d. To maintain or enhance the fishery in the lake and its tributaries. These goals are essential to restoring of the lake. They are closely linked that changes made to achieve one goal will interact with and affect the other goals. The following is a range of maintenance tools that have been used for the restoration of oku kanji degraded lake. The most recent tool Computer modelling uses environmental, climate and water quality / biogeochemical monitoring data from the about Holdings v Gowans: Security lake to build a simulation of the oku kanji lake to estimate the likely benefits to the lake of applying one or more of the maintenance tools. These tools are including: The weight of evidence indicates that the key to restoring the water quality of lake and its fishery is the management of the lake weed.

There are four approaches to this issue: (1) Mechanical weeds harvesting; (3) Bio manipulation and. (4) Changing water levels. Before undertaking any strategy to control lake weeds, there needs to be a clear understanding of the goal and the consequences of each action. The weight of evidence of the importance of lake weeds includes the fact that the tall weeds remove all the NO3-N from the lake water during spring when there are high inflows of NO3-N enriched stream water. This evidence also suggests that under low flows the weeds become N-limited and, being unable to sustain the amount of biomass with the nutrients available, they senesce releasing the nutrients in Essay about v Gowans: Security the plants back into the water. Waste water treatment uses holding ponds and oku kanji, wetlands for reducing the testing nutrient load before the water is released into an open waterway. The main disadvantages of the technique are that,

1) To be efficient they cover a large area to give sufficient contact time for nutrient and sediment stripping, 2) They are less efficient at removing P than N, and. 3) They may not cope with flood flows and the stream short circuits directly to the lake with no renovation. Floating treatment wetlands (FTW) are a new restoration concept where emergent wetland plants are grown in buoyant rafts which are moored in a lake or stream. These rafts are constructed from recycled plastic (PET drink bottles) in various sized sections that could be 2 m by 3 m for ease of handling and joined together later. The plants are grown in oku kanji recesses in of Video the raft and their roots extend down into the water where they assimilate the N and P. The FTWs are aesthetically pleasing and blend in with the natural lake shore environment (Figure 4.2.a) and provide additional habitat for oku kanji birds and koura. Onshore management to reduce nutrient inputs to the lake should look at the sources of those nutrients. However, because the lag time between the contamination of the groundwater and cellphone, that contaminated groundwater reaching the lake, nutrient stripping of the groundwater at the lake edge is also essential. This is best achieved using marginal wetland buffer zones (Figure 4.2.b). Oku Kanji? The surface or unconfined groundwater aquifer is the most vulnerable to contamination in The Only Special Operations Essay the catchment as it receives the infiltrating rainwater percolating down through the soil. It is this surface groundwater layer that enters the lake at the lake edge.

This option may be more expensive and oku kanji, less culturally sensitive than entraining the drain flow through a shore line holding zone behind a wall of floating treatment wetlands. Another alternative is to divert the storm water into george mackay, a spill drain behind the riparian buffer zone. Both of oku kanji these options dissipate the Essay Holdings v Gowans: energy of the storm water inflow so that it does not move out into the body of the lake. Dispersing the flow behind the riparian buffer zone will cause all the sediment to remain on shore and the nutrients in the storm water to be assimilated by the buffer zone plants. A stream diversion channel is a temporary practice to convey stream flow in an environmentally safe manner around or through a construction site while a permanent structure or conveyance is oku kanji being installed in the stream channel. Flushing external source water. A simple expedient in small lakes overseas is to divert a proportion of a clean stream or river through the lake to reduce the mackay residence time and thus flush the N and P in oku kanji solution and in particulates, such as algae, down the of Video Games Essay outlet stream. An in-depth analysis of the water quality of the source water would be needed if this option was a serious consideration. Enhanced flushing using fluctuating water levels. This technique requires manipulation of the weir on oku kanji the lake to increase and decrease the lake water level at different times of the year to take advantage of specific parts of the lake cycle. Essay? Seasonal changes in water level are potentially good for fisheries with the most productive fisheries having low water levels in summer (J.

Boubee, NIWA, pers. comm.). Assuming that a suitable storage or dumping area could be found outside of the lake catchment, dredging would remove the sediment that contains the P, N and carbon (C), that has accumulated in the lake over the past few decades. It would also remove the oku kanji seed bank for lake weeds. The advantages of this option are that the nutrient legacy would be permanently removed and the lake would return to near its original depth. The disadvantages of this option are the cost to remove the estimated 3 km3 of sediment, the destruction of the existing ecosystem, and the release of Essay nutrients and other toxic chemicals such as Sulphides during the process of dredging. The release of Sulphide into the lake water would eliminate most aquatic life in the lake. The removal of lake weeds seed banks in the sediment would not be selective and desirable species for restoring the lake habitat would be removed along with the undesirable species. Aeration replaces the oxygen consumed by decomposition processes and prevents the development of oku kanji anoxic conditions which allow P release from the sediments. This technique is often used in water supply reservoirs to prevent the anoxic release of P, which favors cyanobacteria growth, and the release of 160th Regiment in the World Essay minerals such as iron and manganese, which would stain baths, toilets and hand basins in oku kanji homes and would cause black marks on washing as the water re-oxygenates and of the, these metals precipitate. The advantages of the oku kanji technique is that it is relatively cheap, requiring an air compressor, connection hoses and The Effects Games, an aeration bar with anchor blocks, and only needs to run in summer when low oxygen concentrations develop.

In shallow lakes, giant discs pulled through the oku kanji lake sediments open up the sediment allowing deep penetration of oxygen from the water column. The concept behind this tool is Essay about Palgo v Gowans: that the P will be bound to the iron and manganese oxides in the sediment. This process can work where the bed of the lake has been smothered with organic matter such as the collapse of a weed bed. Modelling of this option (White #038; Gibbs 1991) indicates that the beneficial effect for P binding is oku kanji short lived because as soon as the sediments go anoxic once more, the P is released. Law In China? The technique does introduce oxygen into the otherwise anoxic sediments. This can enhance nitrification and denitrification effectively reducing the N load in oku kanji the lake. Mackay Brown? More importantly it supplies oxygen to the decomposition processes so that organic carbon content and thus the sediment oxygen demand are slowly reduced. High sediment oxygen demand is the main cause of bottom water anoxia which drives P release. Oku Kanji? However, to Essay Security achieve a significant reduction in sediment oxygen demand, the dicing would need to be repeated frequently. There are three major disadvantage of dicing through weed beds: 1) The organic matter could be driven into the sediment raising the organic carbon content,

2) Every leaf node of most aquatic macrophysics can grow so the dicing would most likely spread the weed more widely, and. 3) The dicing would devastate the oku kanji benthic mussel beds destroying that part of the fishery. In some overseas restoration studies, concentrated nitrate is injected into the sediment with equipment similar to The Effects of Video Games the giant discs to provide an oxygen source for decomposition processes in summer (Hemond #038; Lin, 2010). Oku Kanji? The advantages of this technique are that the release of P is reduced and thus the dominant algal species are not cyanobacteria. The release of arsenic (As) is also suppressed. The disadvantages are that the increase in NO3-N concentration drives high rates of primary production and results in The Effects of Video Games Essay high algal biomass in the lake i.e., the lake goes very green.

This particular piece of research draws attention to the problems of oku kanji getting the 160th SOAR: The Only Special in the Essay N and oku kanji, P out of balance i.e., heavy metals such as As and lead (Pb) can be released from the argumentative essay testing sediments. When a cyanobacterial bloom has developed, it is oku kanji too late to use many of the restoration techniques and it is more appropriate to treat the bloom directly to get immediate results. To that end, much research has focused on the use of clay to floc the bloom so that it settles out of the water column (Sengco #038; Anderson, 2004; Beaulieu et al. 2005; Padilla et al. George? 2006; Zouet al.

2006; Biyu et al. 2010; Chen #038; Pan, 2012; Pan et al. 2012). While the technique works in the short-term, it does not solve the underlying eutrophication problem and may smother benthic organisms in the sediment. The phosphorus released from the lake sediments is in oku kanji the form of phosphate which is readily usable by plants, especially algae, for growth. While all plants use N and P in the ratio of 16 N to 1 P (Redfield 1958), the symbiotic bacteria inside blue-green algae, hence the one child law in name cyanobacteria, can convert N2 gas in the atmosphere to NO3-N which the algal host can use for growth. This gives cyanobacteria a competitive advantage over oku kanji all other algal species when there is a surplus of The Only Special Operations in the Essay P and a deficit of nutrient N in oku kanji the lake water, and they dominate the algal species assemblage. Consequently, an of the cellphone, excess of P in the water column is said to oku kanji favor the growth of cyanobacteria and the formation of nuisance blooms.

Phosphorus inactivation is used to make that P unavailable for algal growth by binding it to a metal. The result is the reduction in magnitude or elimination of the cyanobacteria blooms (Cooke et al. 2005). Essay? There have been many documented applications world-wide and the general conclusion is oku kanji that this method for treating lakes with high internal P loads can substantially reduce the internal P load. Phosphorus inactivation with sediment capping. The alternative to alum is to use a granular P inactivation agent.

These products are designed to inactivate P either in the water column or at about Security the sediment surface before settling on the lake bed as a thin (12 mm thick) layer. This is the layer referred to as the sediment cap. While a combination of these tools can address the oku kanji internal problems in the lake, there is of the cellphone also an overriding requirement to address the sources of nutrients from the oku kanji catchment. The Great Lakes form the largest surface freshwater system on Earth. More than 30 million people live in the Great Lakes basin, and the impact of cellphone their daily activities, from the water consumed to the waste returned, directly affects the Great Lakes environment.

EPA leads U.S. efforts to restore and oku kanji, maintain the quality and argumentative essay testing, ecosystems of the Great Lakes watershed. The Great Lakes (also called the Laurentian Great Lakes or the Great Lakes of oku kanji North America) are a series of argumentative essay on animal interconnected freshwater lakes located in northeastern North America, on oku kanji the CanadaUnited States border, which connect to the Atlantic Ocean through the Saint Lawrence River. Consisting of Lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron (or MichiganHuron), Erie, and Ontario, they form the largest group of freshwater lakes on Earth, containing 21% of the worlds surface fresh water by volume. The total surface is 94,250 square miles (244,106 km2), and the total volume (measured at the low water datum) is 5,439 cubic miles (22,671 km3). Due to their sea-like characteristics (rolling waves, sustained winds, strong currents, great depths, and about v Gowans: Security, distant horizons) the five Great Lakes have also long been referred to as inland seas. Lake Superior is the second largest lake in the world by area, and Lake Michigan is the largest lake that is entirely within one country. The southern half of the Great Lakes is surrounded by the Great Lakes Megalopolis. Oku Kanji? The Great Lakes began to form at mackay the end of the last glacial period around 14,000 years ago, as retreating ice sheets carved basins into the land and they became filled with meltwater. The lakes have been a major highway for transportation, migration and oku kanji, trade, and they are home to a large number of aquatic species. Many invasive species have been introduced due to trade, and some threaten the regions biodiversity. Contaminated sediments are a significant problem in the Great Lakes basin.

Although significant progress over about Palgo Security the past 20 years has substantially reduced the discharge of toxic and persistent chemicals to the Great Lakes, persistent high concentrations of oku kanji contaminants in the bottom sediments of rivers and harbors have raised considerable concern about of the potential risks to aquatic organisms, wildlife, and oku kanji, humans. As a result, advisories against fish consumption are in place in most locations around the Great Lakes. These contaminated sediments have been created by decades of industrial and municipal discharges, combined sewer overflows, and urban and agricultural non-point source non-point source Diffuse pollution sources (i.e., without a single point of origin or not introduced into a receiving stream from a specific outlet). The pollutants are generally carried off the land by storm water. Of Video Essay? Common nonpoint sources are agriculture, forestry, urban, mining, construction, dams, channels, land disposal, saltwater intrusion, and city streets, Runoff Water that flows off land into lakes and streams. Buried contaminants posing serious human and ecological health concerns can be dredged up by oku kanji storms, ship propellers, and bottom-dwelling organisms. Many of these small bottom-dwellers absorb toxins as they feed in the mud. Of Video Essay? As larger animals eat these smaller animals, the toxins move up the food chain, with their concentrations getting higher, often thousands of times higher. Oku Kanji? Fish at the top of the The Effects Games Essay food chain, such as lake trout and oku kanji, salmon, can be unsafe to eat in one child law in china some areas because of the oku kanji heavy concentrations of toxic substances in their tissues. Fish-eating birds, including the bald eagle, may suffer low reproductive rates or produce offspring with birth defects. While the problem of law in contaminated sediments persists in the Great Lakes, efforts are being made in the pursuit of remediating these contaminated sediments.

In the years 1997 through 2007, 5.5 million cubic yards of oku kanji contaminated sediments have been remediated in the U.S. Great Lakes Basin. Another primary reason for water pollution in the Great Lake is due to one child the use of pesticides in oku kanji agricultural areas. A large percentage of all of Essay about Palgo Holdings v Gowans: Security pollution in the United States comes from nonpoint source pollution. Oku Kanji? The source of pesticides in the Great Lakes is called nonpoint sources (NPS) pollution. Can refers to either water or air pollution. Essay About? NPS source water pollution is more common in the Great Lakes. The pollution from the pesticides is oku kanji caused due to the agricultural areas around the Great Lakes. The NSP pollution is The Effects of Video Essay transported into the Great Lakes when water from rainfall, snowmelt or irrigation runs through the ground into the soil that was exposed to pesticides. The water from the runoffs takes the excess pollutants (pesticides such as: fertilizers; herbicides; insecticides; etc.) lead the pollutants directly into the Great Lakes.

The pollutants are very concern to the drinking water supplies, recreation, fisheries, and wildlife. Oku Kanji? Many toxic substances tend to of Video Games bio accumulate as they pass up the food chain in the aquatic ecosystem ( Another problem faced in oku kanji Great Lakes is the invasive species. SOAR: The Only Operations Regiment World Essay? An invasive species is a plant or animal that is oku kanji foreign to an ecosystem. During the past two centuries, invasive species have significantly changed the Great Lakes ecosystem. These changes have greatly affected the economy, health, and wellbeing of the people that rely on george mackay brown the system for food, water, and recreation. Once established, it is extremely difficult to control their spread.

At least 25 invasive species of fish have entered the Great Lakes since the 1800s, including: ? Alewife, A small silver-colored fish that is not native to Lake Erie. ? Spiny water flea. The Great Lakes have also been troubled by fast-growing invasive plants, which displace the native plants that support wildlife habitat and prevent erosion. These include: ? Reed canary grass. o Ballast Water Regulation. Ballast water is taken onto or discharged from a ship as it loads or unloads its cargo, to accommodate the ships weight changes. Thirty percent of invasive species in the Great Lakes have been introduced through ship ballast water. In the early 1990s, the U.S.

Coast Guard began requiring ships to exchange their ballast water, or seal their ballast tanks for oku kanji the duration of their stay. The Coast Guard later used their success in the Great Lakes to develop a ballast management program for the entire nation. The Coast Guard is in the process of developing ballast water discharge standards. o Preventing Potential Invaders. Based on the problems caused by invasive species, scientists are also closely watching other species that have invaded nearby ecosystems. Argumentative Essay On Animal Testing? Asian carp are of particular concern because they have been found in nearby waterways that eventually connect to the Great Lakes. Oku Kanji? In 2004, EPA and other state and local agencies began construction of a permanent electric barrier to prevent the fish from entering Lake Michigan. EPA is also studying how existing invasive species have become established in the Great Lakes. These studies will help develop new techniques to on animal predict future invasions.

Clean water is fundamental to the health of the Great Lakes. To ensure water quality and availability, research conducted on the Great Lakes provides indicators that help to develop sustainable solutions to the Great Lakes water resource problems. The Great Lakes National Program Office (GLNPO) coordinates U.S. efforts with Canada under the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (GLWQA) to restore and maintain the chemical, physical and biological integrity of the Great Lakes Basin Ecosystem, which includes Lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario. GLNPO brings together federal, state, tribal, local, and oku kanji, industry partners under the strategic framework of the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI) to accomplish the objectives of GLRI action plan which in turn fulfills the aims of the GLWQA. The agenda of these organizations is SOAR: Operations Regiment World Essay to: ? Remediate contaminated sediments under the Great Lakes Legacy Act; ? Prevent pollution and oku kanji, work to reduce persistent toxic chemicals, as well as to identify emerging contaminants; ? Identify, protect, and restore important habitats; ? Monitor and report on environmental status and trends; ? Provide assistance for community-based Remedial Action Plans for Areas of Concern and for Palgo v Gowans: Security Lake wide Management Plans; ? Use our funding to assist Great Lakes partners through grants, interagency agreements, and contracts, and.

? Coordinate and communicate with a wide variety of partners to achieve environmental progress. Great Lakes Restoration Initiative: The Great Lakes Restoration Initiative is the largest investment in the Great Lakes in two decades. A task force of 11 federal agencies developed an action plan to implement the initiative. Oku Kanji? This action plan covers fiscal years 2010 through 2014 and addresses five urgent issues: 1. Cleaning up toxics and areas of mackay concern; 2. Combating invasive species; 3. Promoting nearshore health by oku kanji protecting watersheds from polluted run-off; 4. Restoring wetlands and other habitats; and. 5. Tracking progress and working with strategic partners.

The project was developed to assist in demonstrating community based approach to improve quality of rivers in Malaysia. This is the first river restoration program in 160th SOAR: The Only Special Regiment Essay Malaysia that focuses on involvement from communities as a component in integrated river basin management plan. The Kelana Jaya Lakes are ex-mining ponds in the Sungai-Damansara River Basin in Selangor managed by the Petaling Jaya City Council (MBPJ).They were initially managed solely as flood retention areas until they were developed as a public park in oku kanji 1996.The lakes (4 in total) are still functioning as a flood retention basin but form an important feature of the Kelana Jaya Municipal Park. The lakes are also a popular spot for anglers. The lakes ecosystem has been altered due to loss of natural wetland plants in The Effects of Video Essay and surrounding the lakes. They have been replaced with rock, concrete or landscaping plants during the Park development and oku kanji, the catchment areas around the lakes have been developed for housing and commercial centers. In 1998, the Lebuhraya Damansara Puchong was build adjacent to the park. As a result of these changes, the 160th SOAR: The Only Special Operations in the water quality of the lakes declined.

The lakes receive polluted water from drains connected to the lake system. This has led to major loss of local fish species which are sensitive to pollution. The fishes are now being replaced by alien species which are more tolerant to pollution. Other pollutant sources in the lakes includes rubbish, organic waste and untreated sewage effluent leaking from sewage treatment tanks from housing as well as commercial areas. The project has met encouraging local citizen support. Petaling Jaya City Council alongside the local citizen is aiming to achieve these goals in the Kelana Jaya Lake Restoration project: ? To reduce the level of pollution flowing into oku kanji, the lakes. ? To increase community awareness. ? Rehabilitating biodiversity of the lake. ? To stop the pollution source from entering the lake system by Informing the community about the importance of re-establishing a more natural ecosystem which can provide better habitats for wildlife.

To achieve these goals they have begun phase one of the restoration in of Video Games Essay 2002 and phase two of restoration in oku kanji 2008. The restoration activities in about Palgo v Gowans: phase two consist of: 1. Aquatic Vegetation restoration. 2. Non-native animal species control. 3. Decaying vegetation removal. 4. Litter control and floating vegetation management. Tangible impact of these activities result in solid waste and wastewater from storm drains were reduced by 60 percent and the quality of discharge from oxidation pond improved after refurbishment work was carried out. Water quality in the lake improved, with consequent benefits for fishing and Lake Ecosystem, and health benefits were observed in the lakeside communities.

One of the oku kanji biggest ways that lake pollution can be prevented and stopped is through public education. This includes more than just cleanup days where rubbish is of the removed from oku kanji rivers, although such events are very successful and on animal, necessary. Prevention is the most powerful tool in oku kanji the resource against lake pollution. Learning about harmful chemicals and how to properly dispose of them is vital to ensuring fresh lake remains usable. In order to manage pollution effectively, several questions must be answered: a) What is the source of the pollution? b) How much pollution is occurring? c) What is the projected lifetime of the pollution? d) What are the expected effects of the pollution? Point source pollution can be easier to manage than non-point source pollution because the source, volume, and impact of pollution can be easily identified. Further, point source pollution impacts are often focused in one location, making remediation easier.

The level of impact from a pollutant is dependent on several properties of the particular pollutant. First, its level of toxicity is an argumentative essay on animal testing, important consideration; some pollutants such as PCBs are highly toxic, meaning only a small amount is enough to harm humans and other organisms. On the other hand, some pollutants are toxic only in high concentrations, such as the oku kanji pesticide Atrazine. The amount of a particular pollutant in the environment is SOAR: The Only Special Regiment World also an important factor regulating its effects. For example, if a particular chemical is only mildly toxic to fish, yet is found in oku kanji the environment in high amounts because of a widespread application, it can be very harmful. Finally, the lifetime of The Effects Games Essay a pollutant the length of time it is expected to oku kanji stay in the environment is another vital factor. Some chemicals break down or are diluted in water quickly, while others are highly persistent and the invention of the cellphone, resistant to breakdown. Oku Kanji? Examples of long-lived pollutants include chemicals DDT, PCBs, and mercury; these chemicals are highly resistant to degradation and Palgo Security, can remain for decades after their release has stopped.

For example, studies from the Great Lakes in the U.S. and oku kanji, other important lakes show that while the release of these toxic pollutants had decreased their levels in fish and other aquatic organisms have actually increased because they stay in the environment and accumulate in one child law in china fish over long periods of time. Essentially, once these pollutants enter a lake they tend to stay and are extremely difficult to remove. Once lake is contaminated, it is difficult, expensive, and sometimes impossible to oku kanji remove pollutants. Preventing pollution is obviously important. Drinking water suppliers have discovered that lake protection is cost-effective because it reduces pollution and cuts the cost of drinking water treatment. Through a combination of government intervention and one child china, increased awareness of the importance and fragility of freshwater resources, pollution can be effectively managed in the future. There are many difficulties faced while observing the results of lake restoration projects and basically lake restoration also includes a high proportion of trial and error, in oku kanji which the means for a successful recovery is still largely uncertain. Restorations are often performed mainly to improve the water quality and not intended as a scientific experiment, (Mehner et al., 2002).

This implies that several remedies are often used more or less simultaneously, making it impossible to completely disentangle the effects of one child law in china all measures. A new challenge to future restoration projects is future climate changes and the extent to which increased temperature or changed precipitation patterns may affect the choices and plans for restoration. There are several signs that climatic changes will increase the risk of oku kanji eutrophication and thus counteract restoration measures and destabilize the macrophyte-dominated clear-water state in coastal north temperate lakes (Mooij et al. 2005; Jeppesen et al. 2007): higher precipitation will increase the external nutrient loading and higher temperatures might improve the conditions for Zooplanktivorous fish species such as carp Cyprius carpio and other cyprinids, and in combination this may reduce the possibility of obtaining top-down control of phytoplankton. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Environmental Studies essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to The Effects of Video Games Essay help you. Each of us is qualified to oku kanji a high level in our area of essay expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to oku kanji your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Environmental Studies work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Environmental Studies essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies.

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essays on buddah Buddhism arose in northern India in the 6th century BCE. The historical founder of Buddhism, Siddharta Gautama (c.560-480 BCE) was born in a village called Lumbini into oku kanji, a warrior tribe called the Sakyas (from where he derived the title Sakyamuni, meaning 'Sage of the Sakyas'). According to tradition Gautama's father, Suddhodana was the king of a small principality based on the town of Kapilavastu. His mother, Queen Maya, died seven days after Gautama's birth. Following the death of Maya, Suddhodana married Maya's sister, Prajapati, by whom Gautama was brought up in great luxury and sheltered from the one child, harshness of the outside world. At sixteen the prince married Yasodhara. Yasodhara bore him a son whom he called Rahula (meaning chain or fetter), a name that indicated Gautama's sense of dissatisfaction with his life of luxury.

His apparent sense of dissatisfaction turned to disillusion when he saw three things from the window of his palace, each of which represented different forms human suffering: a decrepit old man, a diseased man, and a corpse. So traumatised was Siddharta by his new found awareness of the transience of pleasure and the universality of suffering, that he decided to embark on a life dedicated to true knowledge. Inspired by the example of a mendicant monk, Siddharta abandoned his family and life as a prince, cut off his hair and adopted the lifestyle of a wanderer. Siddharta began his spiritual quest under the guidance of two teachers who showed him how to reach very deep states of oku kanji, meditation (samadhi). This did not, however, lead to about Palgo Holdings Security, a sense of true knowledge or peace, and oku kanji the practice of deep meditation was abandoned in favour of a life of extreme asceticism which he shared with five companions. But again, after five or six years, of self-mortification, Siddharta felt he had failed to achieve true insight and rejected such practices as dangerous and useless.

Resolved to one child law in, continue his quest, Siddharta made his way to a deer park at Isipatana, near present day Benares. Here he sat beneath a tree meditating on death and rebirth. It was here that Siddharta attained a knowledge of the way things really are; it was through this knowledge that he acquired the title 'Buddha' (meaning 'awakened one'). This awakening was achieved during a night of meditation, which passed through various stages. In the first stage he saw each of his previous existences. In the second he surveyed the death and rebirth of all living beings and understood the law that governs the cycle of oku kanji, birth and death. In the third he identified the four noble truths: the universality of suffering, the cause of mackay, suffering through selfish desire, the solution to suffering and the way to overcome suffering. This final point is called the Noble Eightfold Path, this being eight steps consisting of wisdom (right views, right intention) ethics (right speech, right action, right livelihood), mental discipline (right effort, right mindfulness, right concentration), which ultimately lead to liberation from the oku kanji, source of suffering. Although initially hesitant to share his insight on the grounds that humanity might not be ready for such a teaching, the Buddha decided to communicate his discovery to those willing to listen.

His first converts were the five ascetics with whom he had lived when he himself followed the lifestyle of the ascetic. To these he preached his first sermon in the Deer Park at Benares, outlining to them the 160th The Only Special Operations World Essay, Four Noble Truths. Out of this small group the community of oku kanji, monks (or sangha) grew to about sixty in essay on animal, size and included Buddha's cousin, Ananda, and his son, Rahula. Later the Buddha was persuaded by his step-mother and cousin to oku kanji, accept women into the sangha. The remaining forty-five years of the Buddha's life were spent journeying around the SOAR: The Only in the, plain of the Ganges, teaching and receiving visitors. At the age of 79 the Buddha fell seriously ill and died. During his life the Buddha had taught that no one was to succeed him as leader of the oku kanji, Sangha. Mackay. Instead, his followers were to oku kanji, take his teaching and the invention of the cellphone rule as their sole guides.

Councils and Early Schisms in the Community. Following the oku kanji, Buddha's death, his teachings were gathered together at the first Buddhist council, which is said to have taken place at Rajagrha shortly after the Buddha's Final Nirvana. A second council, which is said to 160th The Only Special Regiment World Essay, have taken place a century after the Buddha's death, took place at oku kanji, Vaisali. The purpose of this council was to The Effects Essay, consider allegations that certain monks at Vaisali permitted ten practices that contravened the rules of conduct of the Vinaya. The Vaisali Council condemned these practices, after which the Council was closed. At some point following the Second Council the Sangha divided into two traditions: the Sthaviravadins ('Elders') and the Mahasanghikas ('the great Sangha'). The difference between the two traditions seems to relate to oku kanji, their perception of the status of the lay person and mackay the status of the arhant. Whereas the Mahasanghikas were more open to oku kanji, the laity practising Buddhism and tended to believe that the argumentative, lay person was capable of oku kanji, becoming an Essay Palgo Holdings arhant, the Sthaviravadins believed that monastic life alone could lead to arahantship and, therefore, nirvana.

Sometime in the 3rd century B.C.E. a new group called the oku kanji, Sarvastivadins emerged out of the Sthaviravadins. The name Sarvastivadin is believed to derive from the phrase sarva asti (everything exists). The Sarvastivadins taught that the dharmas, the most basic elements of existence, exist in the past, present and future which are simply modes of being. The growth of this movement led King Asoka, of the Maurya dynasty, to call the third Buddhist Council at Pataliputra (c. 250 BCE) which decided against the teachings of the Sarvastivadins. This decision prompted some of one child china, them to emigrate to north India and establish a center in Kashmir where they survived for about a thousand years. Another group that emerged in the 3rd century B.C.E. were the Pudgalavadins, who derive their name from the word pudgala, meaning 'person'. The Pudgalavadins claimed that for reincarnation to take place, there had to be a person who was reincarnated. This view was criticised by other Buddhist sects who said that Pudgalavadin teaching implied the oku kanji, reality of a self and, therefore, contradicted the basic Buddhist teaching of anatman (no self).

Those Sthaviravadins who did not accept the doctrines of either the Sarvastivadins or the Pudgalavadins came to be called Vibhajyadins ('Distinctionists'). This group formed a number of mackay, branches, of which the oku kanji, largest and most important were the Theravadins of Ceylon. The sacred text for the Theravadins of Ceylon and for those throughout south-east Asia is the Tripitaka ('Three Baskets'). These three baskets consist of the Vinaya Pitaka (rules for monks and nuns), the Sutta Pitaka (the discourses given by the Buddha) and the Abhidhamma Pitaka (the systematic ordering and The Effects of Video analysis of Buddhist doctrine). Accompanying the Tripitaka was a large body of commentarial literature explaining in detail the oku kanji, meaning of particular sutras. Early Mahayana Buddhism. At about the beginning of the common era there appeared texts which did not belong to the Tripitaka of the early schools (in so far as the Tripitaka existed at this time). The movement associated with these texts came over time to call itself the Mahayana ('Great Vehicle') in contrast to The Effects of Video Games, non-Mahayana schools which were pejoratively named Hinayana ('Lesser Vehicle'). In India Mahayana Buddhism developed through a number of oku kanji, stages.

Initially it produced a number of texts that engaged with issues such as the nature of Buddhahood or the philosophy of essay testing, emptiness. Oku Kanji. Later identifiable schools such as Madhyamaka and Yogacara emerged. Then, between the fifth and seventh centuries Classical Mahayana Buddhism developed as an attempt to systematise the various schools and teachings within the Mahayana. Finally, a trend which came to 160th SOAR: The Only Operations Regiment World, be known as the Vajrayana emerged based on new texts known as Tantras, which were more magical and oku kanji ritualistic than other strands of Buddhism. Buddhism was not to survive in North India much beyond the 13th and 14th centuries. In the south it remained for a few more centuries but had largely disappeared by the end of the 18th century. It was in Southeast and Northern Asia that Buddhism was to establish itself as the dominant tradition. Essay Testing. The Buddhism of south-east Asia is largely Theraravadin.

When Buddhism came to Southeast Asia is unknown. Certainly, there was an established presence by the early centuries of the common era. Archaeological and inscriptional evidence indicates the oku kanji, presence of southern Buddhism in Central Burma by cellphone, the fifth century C.E. At about the same time (and quite possibly earlier) the Mon people of oku kanji, Southern Burma and Northern and Central Thailand had adopted Pali Buddhism. The Buddhism of the Mon was in turn transplanted into the Khmer empire, and supplanted the already present Mahayana Buddhism and Brahmanism. From both the Mon and the Khmer Southern Buddhism was adopted by the Tai peoples, whose principalities emerged in mackay, regions now occupied by parts of modern day Thailand, Burma and Laos. Northern Buddhism came to be dominant in oku kanji, Central Asia (Tibet) and East Asia (China, Korea and Japan). It was through China that Buddhism was transmitted into Northern and SOAR: The Only Operations in the World Central Asia. Oku Kanji. Following its entry into China in the 1st century of the Common Era, it went on one child law in china to develop in four stages.

Up to the 4th century Buddhism gradually spread into China from oku kanji Central Asia as Mahayana sutras were translated into Chinese and Indian schools established themselves. During this period Buddhism remained largely a fringe religion. The second stage came about as a result of the fall of the china, Han dynasty in 220 CE, the invasion of northern China in c. Oku Kanji. 320 CE and the flight of the royal court to the south. In the northern foreign occupied part of the country Buddhism's status as a foreign religion ceased to be problematic; in the south Buddhism received support from the educated classes with the consequence that distinctively Chinese forms of Buddhism began to emerge. The third period is law in china represented by the reunion of the country under the Sui and T'ang dynasties. Unification allowed for oku kanji, new transmissions of Buddhism into the country while also fostering the cultivation of indigenous forms of Chinese Buddhism such as T'ien T'ai, Hua-Yen, Ch'an and Ching-Tu.

The fourth stage began with the persecution of The Effects of Video Games, Buddhism in oku kanji, the 9th century. SOAR: Operations Regiment World Essay. This persecution was so severe that it destroyed the oku kanji, T'ien T'ai and the Hua-yen schools. Later dynasties gave periodic support to various strands of Buddhism. Disaster struck, however, in the 19th century with the the invention cellphone, T'ai-p'ing rebellion of 1850-1864 which viciously persecuted all forms of Buddhism it encountered. Buddhism enjoyed a brief reprieve under the Nationalist regime, but with the ascendancy of communism in 1949 many monasteries were closed down and Buddhist clergy were forced to return to oku kanji, lay status. Buddhism arrived in Korea from China towards the end of the 4th century. It was not until the 6th century that Buddhism was recognised as an one child official religion in oku kanji, Korea. This official religion paved the way for george brown, Korean monks to visit China in the 6th and 7th centuries and to introduce into Korea various major schools of Chinese Buddhism. It was during the oku kanji, Koryo period (935-1392) that Buddhism enjoyed its greatest period of expansion. However, with the ascendancy of the Yi dynasty (1392-1910) Confucianism received official favour and Buddhism came over time to be severely suppressed. Such was the degree of suppression that by the 19th century Son (Ch'an) Buddhism remained the only dominant school in the Sangha.

Following Japanese control in Essay Security, the 20th century Korean Buddhism underwent a renewal, but this was at the expense of accepting the importation of Japanese styles of Buddhism. Oku Kanji. The division of the country into North and South had a major impact on the Sangha. George. The land reforms in the North have virtually brought to an end the oku kanji, presence of Buddhism there. In the South, however, Buddhism has received official support and argumentative Buddhism is enjoying a revived role in the life of the oku kanji, country. Buddhism was introduced into Japan from Korea in the 6th century in the form of about Palgo Holdings, gifts sent by Korean kings to the Japanese imperial court.

During the oku kanji, 7th century Buddhism was integrated into 160th The Only Special Operations Essay, the state apparatus through the support of a series of Buddhist emperors. The close relationship between the court and Buddhism has meant that periods of Buddhist history are identified by the location of the capital city at a particular period of the country's history. Between 710 and 794 the capital was located at Nara. The six traditions of Buddhism introduced from Korea and China and supported by the imperial court during this period are often referred to as Nara Buddhism. With the move of the capital to Heian (modern day Kyoto) two new forms of Buddhism emerged, Shingon and oku kanji Tendai, which were founded by argumentative, Japanese monks who had visited China. The Kamakura period (1192-1338) saw the rise of a distinctively Japanese form of Buddhism as a number of popular movements arose. The earliest of these new schools are associated with Pure Land (Jodo) Buddhism and its veneration of Buddha Amida. Another important sect was founded by Nichiren (122-1282) who identified true Buddhism with the Sakyamuni Buddha of the Lotus Sutra. The medieval expansion of Buddhism was curtailed in oku kanji, the 14th - 16th centuries by the outbreak of national unrest and the subsequent destruction of a number of major centres of Buddhism.

Buddhism suffered further as a consequence of the establishment of military rule in the 17th century and the concomitant complete cultural isolation imposed on Japan by its military rulers. The situation changed with the emergence of the on animal, Meiji dynasty in 1867, the acceptance of Shinto as the official state religion and brief persecution of Buddhism. In the 20th century Buddhism has become open to the rest of the world. This has enabled Buddhist missionaries to travel abroad but at the same time has exposed Japan to the mixed blessings of westernisation. Buddhism entered Tibet surprisingly late. Oku Kanji. Tibetan historians conventionally understand Buddhism to have entered Tibet in two waves: the first wave, which was sponsored by Tibetan monarchs, took place between the 7th and 9th centuries C.E., and the second wave occurred in the 10th century as a result of Tibetans travelling to mackay brown, India for religious education. It was during this later period that new texts were transplanted into Tibet and new orders were established. These orders are not based on distinct doctrines but derive from oku kanji lineages associated with early Buddhist masters (known as lamas). Buddhism in the West. In the 20th century Buddhism has spread well beyond its Asian origins and has become a global religion.

An important early channel for the propagation of Buddhism was the World Parliament of Religions, which was held in Chicago in 1893. Among those attending was a Japanese Rinzai Zen master whose disciples established a number of Zen groups on the West coast of America. Buddhism was further disseminated through the writings of Buddhist scholars such as D.T. Suzuki in the United States and Christmas Humphries and Edward Conze in 160th Regiment in the World Essay, the United Kingdom. In the 1950s and oku kanji 1960s the study of Buddhism became an integral part of higher education through the establishment of Religious Studies or Asian Studies departments.

The establishment of Buddhist temples and centres for European and American converts or Asian immigrants has further strengthened the presence of Buddhism in the West.