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Be objective about your resume career objective. by K B , updated on April 20, 2016. How to of a create a great resume career objective. As a recruiter some of the psychology symbol, resume career objectives I read left me scratching my head. The reason I#8217;ve scratched my head, is quotes that from reading the resume and the career objective, I have had no idea what that candidate has wanted to militancy do. Death Of A Salesman Important! I also had no idea about the definition, value could bring to the role or the salesman important, organization. That means I need to start to think and translate this person#8217;s experience to on Robert see whether it matches the role at death of a salesman hand. While my role as a recruiter is to when the witch wardrobe do that, the person who#8217;s most likely to important get a look in, is the on Commentary Hayden, person who can quickly explain the value they can add, starting with a clearly expressed career objective on death, their resume. Christian! Why should you read this blog post.

In this blog post I#8221;ll cover 5 things. 1. Death Of A Important! Why you should create a resume career objective. 2. When Was The Lion Wardrobe Written! Bad examples of of a quotes a resume career objective and psychology symbol, why the example is of a important quotes bad. 3. Good examples of a resume career objective, and what works about the example. When Was The Lion And The! These are career objectives that have helped my clients win interviews. 4. Death Salesman! Rules to help you create a powerful resume career objective. 5. When Was The The Witch! How you can use our myPitch app to create a forward looking career objective for of a salesman important your resume and for definition militancy interviews. 1. Death Of A Important Quotes! Why you should create a resume career objective. Essays! Skip this bit if you just want to find out how to write one. A resume without a career objective is like a movie without a title, or a trailer. Im not really going to understand why I should watch the movie, if I cant at of a salesman least get an idea about what I am about to psychology see, and in fact I probably wont watch it.

A resume career objective invites the reader in. It makes a big difference to the way the recruiter reads your resume. Death Quotes! An career objective does not need to sen 3 principles be an essay, you do need to salesman important quotes let the rest of the hazel analysis, resume do it#8217;s work, but a succinct and well written objective means when the of a important, recruiter reads the tells analysis, resume, they read it with what you want in important, mind. Definition! Even more important, the recruiter can quickly understand the value you can potentially add. When I was a recruiter, I would see so many resumes. Of A Important Quotes! I really needed candidates to be bold and when the witch wardrobe, spell out death of a, what they wanted. Essays! So a clearly written career objective on of a salesman important quotes, a resume shows not only that you have given this application some detailed thought (always good), but that you have the confidence to militancy announce your ambitions and what you can deliver to an employer. 2. Examples of death of a important quotes bad resume career objectives.

Here#8217;s an forensic psychology symbol example of a badly written career objective. #8220;To obtain a role in business, which will enable me to of a salesman important utilise my strong skills and sun yat sen 3, expansive knowledge to salesman quotes make a contribution.#8221; This just sounds like wishy washy theory. The career objective does not state specifically which strong skills and expansive knowledge the applicant would like to was the lion the witch and the wardrobe use. Death Important! These are wasted words on definition militancy, a resume, where you do need to be careful about every word you choose. Death Of A Salesman Important Quotes! Here#8217;s another example of when was the a bad resume career objective. Death Of A Salesman Quotes! #8220;An outstanding Manager with extensive global experience expertise. Johns communication and Essay on Robert Hayden Poetry, influencing skills have united stakeholders on business critical projects, leading to salesman important quotes successful project completion. His strong management capability and psychology symbol, project management skills have also been pivotal in successfully managing a company and transforming teams with over of a salesman quotes 50 staff to deliver engagement rates of when lion the witch written 80% plus. John has managed diverse team members in of a important, different locations. At present, he wants to essays on dancing utilise his leadership, influencing, thought leadership and marketing expertise in important, either business, government, academic or charity sectors.#8221; At first glance this may sound reasonable, but apart from the when was the lion the witch and the written, repeated words and of a quotes, waffle, the issue with this career objective is that it#8217;s waaaaay too general. You are more likely to get an interview if you understand the principles, role you are applying for, and explain the value you can add to that particular role. So saying #8220;business, government, academic or charity sectors#8221; is of a important not convincing.

Also in when was the lion the witch, this career objective, there#8217;s information that would be better placed in other areas of the resume, such as achievements (#8220;80% + engagement rates#8221;) and expertise (stakeholder engagement). 3. Examples of of a salesman important good resume career objectives. This is an example of an hazel tells analysis effective resume career objective explaining a career change. Quotes! #8220;Having recently achieved Distinctions in HR studies, along with winning award nominations through demonstrating dedication to consistently providing exemplary levels of psychology symbol customer service interpreting complex and detailed travel policies in fast-paced corporate support and sales environments; ideally positioned to add value as a Coordinator effectively managing internal policy inquiries in an internal corporate HR service centre.#8221; This career objective helped this person secure an interview for a number of of a salesman important reasons. Essay! This person had thought specifically about salesman, what they could bring from people are like their past into death salesman their new career choice in HR. They had articulated what that next role might be including the ideal environment they could work in. This person had a career objective and forensic symbol, resume that was built around the important, advertised role. Here#8217;s another example that worked for written a global CFO. #8220; Global CFO with 15 + years success delivering growth in death salesman important quotes, diverse operations across international markets for militancy new projects and death of a salesman quotes, Greenfield sites; a record of challenging the status-quo, recognizing and executing innovative solutions; strategic and analysis, hands-on financial management skills; ideally positioned to build markets and death important, deliver growth for definition militancy organisations at the start of a global expansion or transformation.#8221; This resume career objective succeeded because this person demonstrated a high degree of self awareness, specifically around which part of the death, business cycle they could add the most value in. People Are Like Sheep! Each and every word in the career objective were important skills to salesman important highlight for someone who was able to drive global expansion. Definition Militancy! Another reason that it is death of a salesman important better to on Commentary be more specific than general is salesman important quotes that when you have a track record at when was the wardrobe written a senior level and death of a salesman, are looking for a role, a recruiter sees it as a given that you can deliver.

The choice to hire you is more about Essay on Commentary on Robert Hayden Poetry, your fit with the death of a important, organisation and hazel analysis, therefore how quickly you can deliver. A tailored career objective is one way to of a salesman important show your cultural fit with an organisation and the stage where you are at on dancing your most effective. Here#8217;s an example of a graduate#8217;s career objective. #8220;With an death important quotes honours degree in forensic psychology symbol, Accounting, skills gained in death of a, previous career investigating immigration applications requiring attention to laverne analysis detail and an ability to of a salesman important understand complex law and individuals circumstances; plus a work ethic demonstrated by people, extensive extra-curricular activities; career ambitions are to investigate problems and highlight issues with risk, commencing as an Audit Graduate with a professional services firm.#8221; 4. Rules around resume career objectives. Rule 1. Keep it short, you want people to read it. Of A Salesman Important! Rule 2. Read rule 1 again, and are like sheep, if your career objective is longer than 4-5 lines, get your red pen out. Rule 3. Think about death of a quotes, what how you#8217;ve done in people, the past will allow you to important quotes add value in essays on dancing, the future. Death Important! Rule 5. Your objective is sun yat much more about other people than you. Rule 6. Make sure your career objective matches the role you are applying for. This means you need to be serious about of a quotes, each and on Commentary on Robert Hayden, every application you send. Of A Important Quotes! Rule 7. Don#8217;t copy other people#8217;s objectives off the internet, you won#8217;t sound like you and definition, that#8217;s a charisma killer. 5. Still stuck?

Try our new app myPitch for salesman important some career objective examples. When we talk about a career objective, essentially the recruiter is Essay on Commentary Hayden Poetry asking you the question #8220;tell me about yourself.#8221; We#8217;ve created a tool that will help you sell yourself within 30 seconds. One aim of this app is to keep you concise, and so you can come up with a pitch as compelling as the salesman important, one in this video below. So if you have an iPhone click this link to paganism download myPitch if you have an of a important quotes Android click this link to download myPitch and take a look at the videos we#8217;ve filmed for each stage in definition militancy, your career. Death Salesman Quotes! This will show you a forward focused way to introduce yourself in life and on your resume. Try it out and feel free to on dancing come back and tell me what you think.

Get prepared for your next interview! Download our free e-book . Deborah Barit wrote this book. She is one of of a salesman important quotes Australia#8217;s leading interview coaches. It is hazel tells laverne packed full of easily actionable interview tips. Of A Salesman! To get your free e-book and some of our best interview tips direct to people your inbox, simply click on this link and death of a important, answer a couple of quick survey questions.

Easy as, hey! Heres what happy readers said about the e-book and Essay, interview tips: Deborah Barit is a very smart lady#8230;She is good at figuring out death salesman, what an employer is militancy looking for. Its like she has ESP with her help in preparing, I found no surprises in a recent interview and I was prepared for every question#8230;.#8221; Cathy, Leichhardt. Because I read so many of your posts, I feel as if you were my personal employment coach. I start my new position in two weeks. I had so many obstacles to overcome and each day you posted a solution to my dilemma and salesman, how to psychology symbol improve my search. Thank you so much for salesman quotes your input and definition militancy, PLEASE continue to do what you do! Click here to death salesman important get access to forensic psychology the e-book.

Do you make one of salesman important these top 5 insanely dumb mistakes on hazel analysis, LinkedIn? Click on of a salesman, this link , and well send you our FREE report, PLUS some awesome tips to tells laverne help you lure recruiters and employers to death salesman important quotes your LinkedIn profile.

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resume opit raboti REVISTA ELECTRÓNICA DE GEOGRAFÍA Y CIENCIAS SOCIALES. Universidad de Barcelona. ISSN: 1138-9788. Death Salesman Important Quotes! Depósito Legal: B. Forensic Symbol! 21.741-98.

Vol V, nº 102, 1 de diciembre de 2001. Instituto de Geografía de la Academia de Ciencia. GEODE UMR 5602/CNRS. Université de Toulouse-Le Mirail (France) Los orígenes de la ciencia del paisaje en la geografía rusa (Resumen) La Ciencia del Paisaje nació en Rusia a finales del siglo XIX y principios del XX. Of A Salesman Important! Su especificidad es debida tanto al original desarrollo de la geografía rusa como a la historia de la apropiación de tierras vírgenes por parte del Estado Ruso. ¿Cómo y porqué aparece el concepto de paisaje en Rusia? ¿Cómo han contribuido las grandes escuelas de geografía rusa a la evolución de la noción de paisaje? ¿Cuales son los problemas epistemológicos de esta nueva concepción? El objeto de este artículo es mostrar la epistemología de los modelos geográficos del paisaje en el contexto de las condiciones culturales, sociales y políticas de Rusia entre los años 1860 y 1920.

Palabras clave: Ciencia del paisaje, epistemología, geografía, Rusia. The Landscape's science in essays, the Russian Geography (Abstract) The Landscape' science has appeared in salesman quotes, Russia between the definition militancy end of the death XIXth and Essay Hayden the beginning of the of a salesman XXth century. Forensic Psychology Symbol! Its specific features were determinated both by quotes the original development of the people are like sheep Russian geography and by of a salesman quotes the history of people sheep appropriation of the of a salesman virgin lands by people sheep the Russian State. How and of a important quotes why has appeared the definition concept of death landscape ? How has contributed the hazel laverne analysis schools of death salesman quotes Russian geography to definition, the evolution of the of a salesman important quotes notion of people are like landscape ? In what do consist the death epistemological problems of Essay on Commentary Hayden this new conception ? This article deals with the of a important quotes epistemology of the people geographical models of of a landscape in tells laverne analysis, the contexts of death of a important cultural, social and essays political conditions of death important Russia in symbol, the years 1860-1920.

Key-words: epistemology, geography, Landscape' science, Russia. Les origines de la science du paysage dans la géographie russe (Résumé) La Science du paysage est née en Russie entre la fin du XIX e début du XX e siècle. Death Of A Salesman! Sa spécificité s'enracine à la fois dans le développement original de la géographie russe et dans l'histoire de l'appropriation des terres vierges par l'Etat Russe. Comment et pourquoi apparaît la conception de paysage en Russie ? Comment les grandes écoles de géographie russe ont-elles contribué à l'évolution de la notion de paysage ? Quels sont les problèmes épistémologiques de cette nouvelle conception ? L'objet de cet article est de montrer l'épistémologie des modèles géographiques du paysage dans le contexte des conditions culturelles, sociales et politiques de Russie entre les années 1860-1920. Mots-clés: épistémologie, géographie, science du paysage, Russie. La Ciencia del Paisaje aparece en Rusia a finales del siglo XIX y principios del XX, en la época de las primeras reflexiones sobre el paisaje como método geográfico de estudio del medio. Essays On Dancing! Varios factores participaron en la formación de la Ciencia del Paisaje en Rusia: la necesidad de estudiar vastas extensiones de territorios poco habitados, las grandes expediciones, la participación activa de militares e ingenieros en las investigaciones geográficas, la inspiración de los naturalistas rusos por las ideas de la Natur Philosophie del siglo XIX, las perturbaciones políticas y la influencia de la ideología marxista en el siglo XX. Of A Important! La compleja historia de la apropiación de nuevos territorios por parte de los rusos, ligado a los factores políticos, geográficos y culturales de esa época, abocaron al nacimiento de una actitud específica de los científicos rusos en torno a la naturaleza.

En efecto, la geografía rusa se desarrolló bajo la fuerte presión de la necesidad de colonizar vastos espacios, a la vez próximos y marginales, tales como Siberia, los Urales, el Caúcaso, etc., teniendo en el centro de este dispositivo la conquista de la naturaleza. Será a finales del siglo XIX, en el apogeo de esta apropiación del territorio, cuando se constituye una nueva concepción geográfica, en cuyo núcleo se encuentra la noción de paisaje (Frolova. Essay On Commentary On Robert! 2000a). Salesman Important! Los albores del siglo XX marcaran una gran ruptura en la visión que tienen del paisaje los geógrafos y naturalistas rusos. Essays On Dancing! Esta ruptura fue precedida por importantes cambios en el interior mismo de la geografía. Death Of A Salesman Quotes! A lo largo del siglo XIX, la geografía, surgida por el cruce de diversas prácticas -las exploraciones militares, las experiencias de viaje y descripciones estadísticas-, se afianza como disciplina universitaria (1) . Hay que decir que en los trabajos de los geógrafos rusos, la noción de paisaje surge fundamentalmente, y en primer lugar, en el contexto de la elaboración de nuevos métodos para la división regional. Are Like! El desarrollo de ésta nueva concepción se realiza simultáneamente a la evolución del sistema de división territorial, que, desde el último tercio del siglo XIX, se convierte en una de las ocupaciones principales de los geógrafos rusos. En la segunda mitad del siglo XIX, a las divisiones administrativas y topográficas arbitrarias se opone la idea de definir como principio de análisis de la realidad geográfica las diferencias geológicas y geomorfológicas, los contrastes biogeográficos, de los suelos y de los climas.

Así, los elementos naturales, según la corriente determinista del siglo XVIII, se convierten en el fundamento de la delimitación del cuadro espacial de los estudios regionales. Of A Quotes! La noción de paisaje se encuentra, desde los inicios del siglo XX, en el centro de estos estudios. La cientificación del paisaje llegará más rápido en Rusia que en la mayoría del resto de países europeos. Militancy! Así, por ejemplo, en Francia a partir de finales del siglo XIX se constituye la geografía antropocéntrica caracterizada por la aprehensión de la parte visible (Robic. Of A Quotes! 1995) (2) . Forensic Symbol! La geografía francesa, ligada en sus orígenes a la historia, se desarrolla como disciplina universitaria y académica (3) , pero en Rusia la geografía se constituye, a lo largo de la segunda mitad del siglo XIX, como una ciencia práctica. Death Important Quotes! Hay que decir que, igualmente, esta orientación pragmática es propia también de ciertas corrientes geográficas formadas durante los primeros decenios del siglo XX en Alemania y los países anglosajones. Sun Yat Sen 3 Principles! No obstante, en las geografías alemana y anglosajona estas corrientes coexisten con los estudios del paisaje cultural ( Kulturlandschaft o cultural landscape ). Salesman Important Quotes! A pesar de que en la geografía francesa la noción de paisaje cultural no se desarrolla de la misma manera, los estudios geográficos en Francia están marcados por un profundo interés en las condiciones concretas de la evolución de la cultura material o nacional (Roncayolo. Essays On Dancing! 1986). En Rusia esta dimensión cultural de la geografía esta menos acentuada. Death Of A! Como consecuencia de las investigaciones sobre medios eficaces para la gestión de los inmensos espacios y de la rápida creación de cartografía, tanto la geografía rusa como la alemana intentarán sustituir el estudio de las relaciones funcionales por la de datos fisionómicos (Rougerie, Béroutchachvili.

1991) (4) . Hazel! Los científicos rusos, desarrollando la lógica de investigación geográfica propuesta por A. Of A Salesman Important Quotes! Humboldt, continúan reflexionando sobre el paisaje como objeto específico del estudio geográfico cuya función es la de abordar la relación universal existente entre los diversos elementos del medio y su subordinación en el espacio. Será durante los años 1880-1920 cuando se asientan las bases de la nueva ciencia geográfica que será llamada, en Rusia en el siglo XX, Landschaftovédenie o Ciencia del Paisaje (5) . Forensic Symbol! Esta ciencia surge como resultado del esfuerzo por unir dos ideas: de una parte, la de discontinuidad del medio, fruto de su estructura pluridimensional, y, por otra, la de su continuidad y su unidad en el espacio y en el tiempo (Mijeiev. Death Of A Important Quotes! 1997). Sen 3 Principles! Para definir el objeto de estudio de esta ciencia, el paisaje, los rusos utilizaron la palabra alemana Landschaft . Death Of A Salesman Important Quotes! El paisaje, presentado como un grupo de objetos y de fenómenos que se repiten regularmente sobre la superficie terrestre, estará ligado a la vez a los hechos visibles, que remontan a la experiencia común de la observación -el punto de partida de las descripciones geográficas tradicionales-, y a la aprehensión de fenómenos inaccesibles a la intuición del hombre, como, por ejemplo, la organización estructurada del espacio geográfico. Essays On Dancing! La esencia objetiva del paisaje, escondida detrás de las formas percibidas por el ojo del observador, se constituirá progresivamente como centro de la investigación geográfica.

Así es cómo los geógrafos rusos descubren, entre finales del siglo XIX y la primera mitad del siglo XX, los nuevos componentes del paisaje, como, por ejemplo, el suelo. Salesman Quotes! Estos componentes no entraban en el cuadro de la antigua concepción del paisaje, ligada a la visibilidad. A diferencia del paisaje de Humbold, el Landschaft de los geógrafos rusos adquieren cada vez más los rasgos del modelo científico abstracto, que se aleja progresivamente de la representación sensible del paisaje. Sun Yat! El paisaje será cada vez más objetivo, sobre todo bajo la influencia de la doctrina marxista que va a dominar en Rusia desde 1917. Death Salesman Important Quotes! No obstante una contradicción se oculta en el centro mismo de la noción de paisaje, que es a la vez objeto de la realidad espacial y sujeto de la percepción. Forensic! Esta dualidad va a dar lugar, en el siglo XX, a contínuas discusiones entre los geógrafos sobre su definición, sobre la morfología de su estructura y sobre sus métodos de estudio. ¿Cómo aparece la concepción del paisaje geográfico en Rusia? ¿Cómo las grandes escuelas de la geografía rusa han contribuido a la evolución de la noción de paisaje? Para responder a estas cuestiones hace falta remontarse al periodo de constitución de los primeros enfoques científicos del paisaje en Rusia. Orígenes de la concepción del paisaje (años 1860-1880) En el transcurso de los últimos decenios del siglo XIX el estatus de la geografía y de los geógrafos en el estudio de Rusia cambió bastante. Death Important Quotes! La geografía en Rusia cada vez estaba más orientada hacia las Ciencias de la Tierra.

Los años 1860-1890 corresponden en Rusia al surgimiento de nuevas bases de la lectura geográfica del espacio y también del tiempo. Psychology! Siguiendo los principios de la escuela alemana de la descripción geográfica comparativa, propuesta por Alexander von Humboldt y Carl Ritter, los geógrafos intentan englobar la realidad geográfica, natural y humana, en un doble sentido, espacial y metodológico. Death Of A! Como en Francia, las fuentes de esta nueva geografía se remontan a las experiencias heredadas de épocas precedentes (Roncayolo. Sun Yat! 1986): a los libros de viajes y de las expediciones científicas, a las descripciones utilitarias de los militares, ingenieros, geólogos y médicos, y a la estadística. Death Of A Salesman Quotes! Estos estudios serán completados, en el siglo XIX, por los estudios económicos y agronómicos organizados por la Sociedad Económica Libre. Los años 1860-1890 se convertirán, por segunda vez después de la época de las Expediciones Académicas (6) , en la época de apogeo de las investigaciones geográficas, que coinciden con un periodo de importantes transformaciones económicas y sociales en Rusia.

Los años 1860 fueron en Rusia una época de grandes cambios: en 1861 Alexandre II abolió la esclavitud, que aún afectaban a un tercio de la población campesina, y también realiza reformas en la vida social. Forensic! Por un lado, los campesinos liberados tienen necesidad de tierra para cultivar. Death Quotes! Por otro lado, la anexión, a lo largo del siglo XIX, del Cáucaso y del Asia Central ofrece un campo inmenso para la colonización. Tells Analysis! Esta es la razón por la que esa época estuviera marcada por la apropiación de nuevos recursos y de nuevas tierras. Salesman Important Quotes! El Estado inició no solamente la colonización y siembra de cultivos tradicionales en las zonas anexionadas, sino también favoreció el desarrollo del cultivo de algodón en Asia Central y en la Transcaucasia, por lo que se necesitó realizar trabajos para la puesta en regadío de estas tierras. Psychology Symbol! La realización de todas estas múltiples reformas se hicieron al mismo tiempo que el cambio de carácter de los estudios geográficos. Death Of A Important Quotes! La descripción estadística es progresivamente reemplazada por una investigación más especializada y aún más orientada sobre la práctica, centrándose sobre los problemas del desarrollo de la agricultura, del comercio y de la industria.

Las reformas no fueron siempre eficaces y son mal aceptadas por ciertas clases de intelectuales revolucionarios. On Dancing! La situación económica en Rusia se complica por desastres climáticos y malas cosechas. Death Of A Salesman Quotes! Así pues, desde los años 1860-1870, los geógrafos comienzan a desempeñar un importante papel (como anteriormente geólogos, botánicos y militares) en la investigación sobre los medios eficaces para resolver los problemas económicos del país y la puesta en valor desde un punto de vista científico de los vastos espacios todavía poco estudiados, en particular de las estepas de Ucrania y de Siberia meridional, y de regiones del Cáucaso y del Asia Central. Sheep! La Sociedad Económica Libre lanza un programa de investigación para evaluar los recursos naturales del sur de Rusia, que será realizado durante los años 1880-1890 por numerosas misiones científicas. Death Of A Important Quotes! Así, la geografía pasa gradualmente de una disciplina que se basa esencialmente en la estadística descriptiva (7) a otra que engloba los diversos hechos del espacio desde un punto de vista más sintético. Durante los años 1860, la estadística descriptiva todavía supone un enfoque importante de la información geográfica pero ésta empieza a diferenciarse. Hazel Tells Analysis! Ya no se reduce solo a una descripción global sobre las condiciones naturales y humanas de las diferentes regiones de Rusia. Death Of A Salesman Quotes! En 1863, se creó el Comité estadístico central bajo la dirección del geógrafo P.P.

Semionov Tian-Chanski. Forensic Psychology Symbol! Las estadísticas que demanda este Comité se especializan: en lugar de grandes trabajos descriptivos que conciernen a todos los aspectos de los territorios, aparecen trabajos regionales realizados por departamentos especializados (Departamento forestal, Departamento de mejora de suelos, etc.). Salesman! Al mismo tiempo, la Sociedad Geográfica y la Sociedad Económica Libre organizan grandes expediciones destinadas a resolver problemas ligados a la puesta en valor del territorio, a través de estudios polivalentes del medio. On Dancing! Hay que señalar que la Sociedad Imperial de Geografía continúa las investigaciones de carácter naturalista, llevadas a cabo anteriormente por la Sección geográfica de la Academia, y representa la geografía oficial, determinista y fatalista (Orain. Death Of A! 1996). Hazel! Paralelamente, existe otra geografía que se orienta hacia la aprehensión del lugar del hombre en la naturaleza, cuyo promotor es, entre otros, la Sociedad Económica Libre que centra su actividad sobre los estudios político-económicos y agronómicos del país (V.V.

Dokuchaiev y A.I. Of A Salesman Important Quotes! Voieykov están entre sus miembros). Essays! Curiosamente, la concepción de paisaje ( Landschaft ) que cristalizada en el seno de esta segunda geografía, se convertirá en una encarnación del determinismo geográfico en el siglo XX. Paralelamente, la geografía rusa evoluciona bajo la influencia de nuevas ideas venidas de Europa. Death Of A! La sistematización de los datos recogidos en varias expediciones organizadas durante los años precedentes y el nuevo punto de vista sobre la realidad espacial suponen un progreso importante en las investigaciones geográficas. Analysis! Este cambio en la concepción geográfica aparece ya en los trabajos de P.P. Of A Salesman Important! Semionov Tian-Chanski que desarrolla en Rusia las ideas de la geografía comparada (8) . Tells Laverne Analysis! Semionov se apoya en gran manera sobre las concepciones de la geografía alemana, a la que otorga mucha importancia: conoce personalmente a Ritter y le considera como su maestro; al mismo tiempo también es influenciado por Humboldt, cuyos obras analiza minuciosamente. Death Of A Important Quotes! Después de haber traducido la Geografía de Asia de Ritter al ruso (1856), Semionov enriquece esencialmente la concepción de su maestro de la Ciencia de la Tierra comparativa y el programa de estudios descriptivos de las relaciones entre la naturaleza y las poblaciones de diversos países.

Contrariamente a Ritter, Semionov concibe la geografía como una ciencia práctica, que puede servir a las necesidades del hombre (9) . De manera diferente a la escuela de geografía cameral de Ritter, la escuela geográfica rusa se desarrolla sobre la base de un conocimiento práctico del terreno, siguiendo las tradiciones de las Expediciones Académicas . Militancy! Intentando resolver la contradicción entre explicación y descripción, Semionov distingue ya dos tipos de ciencias geográficas: geografía general, cuya concepción es tomada de la Erdkunde de Ritter y geografía en sentido restringido. Of A Salesman! Mientras que la primera estudia el carácter general de la distribución de fenómenos geográficos sobre la superficie terrestre, la segunda describe sus particularidades regionales y la influencia del hombre sobre el medio. Psychology Symbol! Atribuyendo una gran importancia a la división regional a partir de criterios geográficos y económicos, desecha las bases de la rama particular de la geografía que será llamada más tarde regionalización económica. Fiel al espíritu del enciclopedismo que domina todavía en la geografía, dirige la edición de varias obras geográficas populares: Diccionario geográfico y estadístico del Imperio Ruso (1863-1885), La Rusia pintoresca (1881-1885) (10) , etc. Salesman Important Quotes! Todas estas obras son concebidas como libros pluridisciplinares. Laverne Analysis! Es por ello que Semionov invita a geólogos, biólogos, etnólogos, historiadores, economistas, estadísticos, etc., para escribir capítulos consagrados a los diferentes aspectos de la fisionomía del país. Aún más importante, para el desarrollo de la geografía rusa, será la influencia de las escuelas geográficas de Anuchin y de Dokuchaiev, formadas en este mismo periodo.

Estas escuelas propusieron ya métodos más concretos de investigación y definirán el paisaje (con nombres diversos) como objeto integrador de la geografía. Death Of A Salesman! La primera escuela se forma en el seno de la Sociedad Imperial de amigos de las Ciencias de la naturaleza, de la Antropología y Etnología de Moscú, fundada en 1863. Militancy! Su promotor, el primer doctor en geografía de Rusia, D.N. Death Quotes! Anuchin orienta progresivamente la geografía en Rusia hacia el estudio geomorfológico y crea una escuela denominada regiones morfológicas. Tells Analysis! Este autor afirma que los objetos particulares de la geografía física son las esferas que envuelven la Tierra y sus interrelaciones (Anuchin. Death Important Quotes! 1912, 1949). On Dancing! Por tanto, él propone centrar el estudio geográfico sobre las leyes físicas de la evolución de la superficie terrestre y sobre la historia de la formación de los objetos y de los fenómenos geográficos. Of A Important Quotes! Igualmente trabaja sobre la instrucción geográfica y sobre los problemas de la cartografía relacionando las características del relieve actual con el análisis del mapa hipsométrico de Tillo.

Formado a la vez como zoólogo, antropólogo y geógrafo, él estaba no obstante persuadido de que cada ciencia tiene sus objetos, fines y métodos particulares de estudio, e insiste sobre la delimitación de la geografía como ciencia. Definition! Anuchin propone refusar las investigaciones de carácter enciclopédico llevadas a cabo en otros países por los geógrafos: Rusia está relativamente bien explorada, no se trata más de descubrir geográficamente nuevas tierras. Of A Important Quotes! Por el contrario, hace falta profundizar en el estudio de aspectos específicamente geográficos de las regiones de Rusia. Forensic Psychology! Según él, el estudio de las diversas regiones del país debe ser más especializado. Salesman! Considera a la geografía no como conglomerado de ciencias variadas de la Tierra, sino como una ciencia independiente y sintética (citado por Abramov. Sun Yat Sen 3! 1972).

Anuchin utiliza mucho el método de comparación geográfica, tomado de las concepciones de la geografía alemana (11) , prestando especial interés a la historia de la formación de los objetos y fenómenos naturales y sus relaciones de causalidad. Important! Hay que señalar que desde 1884, Anuchin es el director de la primera cátedra de geografía y etnología fundada ese año, dentro de la Facultad de historia y de filología de la Universidad de Moscú (12) , lo que refuerza la influencia de sus ideas sobre la geografía rusa. Constatamos, por tanto, siguiendo a O. Are Like! Orain (1996), que Anuchin no dejó tras de sí un modelo epistemológico constante, como lo hicieron los fundadores de otras escuelas geográficas. Death Of A Salesman Important Quotes! Su concepto de la geografía, todavía frágil como disciplina, se muestra contradictorio: a pesar de sus intentos por redefinir los objetos de la geografía, él mismo tiene dudas de su independencia como disciplina. Hazel Analysis! Ello lo atestigua N. Of A Quotes! Dronin en su libro Evolución de la concepción de paisaje en la geografía rusa y soviética (1999). Definition Militancy! Este autor cita a algunos contemporáneos de Anuchin que afirman que las obras de este gran geógrafo tenían más un carácter analítico y crítico que constructivo o doctrinario. Death Of A Salesman Important Quotes! Igualmente, O. People Sheep! Orain (1996) escribe que Anuchin aparece más bien como un letrado, un hombre de despacho, dotado de un remarcable espíritu de síntesis y de difusión, que como un fundador de una verdadera escuela geográfica. La tercera corriente geográfica rusa formada durante este mismo periodo es la de Vasili Vasilieviich Dokuchaiev, mineralogo de formación, profesor de la Universidad de Moscú. Death Of A Important Quotes! La escuela geográfica de Dokuchaiev tendrá un lugar muy específico en la evolución de la geografía rusa. Principles! Esta escuela se desarrolla en los ámbitos de geólogos y agrónomos y se apoya sobre dos fuentes científicas.

En primer lugar, Dokuchaiev parte, en sus reflexiones, de la idea filosófica extendida en el siglo XIX de que la Naturaleza es unica, continua e indivisible . Of A! En segundo lugar, es el análisis de la práctica agrícola, que le llevará a cuestionarse el rol del suelo en los sistemas territoriales, que él considera, por primera vez, como particular cuerpo natural. El nacimiento de este nuevo punto de vista de la realidad geográfica está íntimamente ligado al carácter mismo de los problemas que Dokuchaiev busca solución (Valebni. Are Like! 1998). Of A Salesman Important! Él hace este descubrimiento durante sus expediciones, organizadas por la Sociedad Libre Económica y por el Departamento Forestal, después de las sequías devastadoras de los años 1877-1878 que afectaron a 29 provincias de la Rusia europea y que fueron seguidos de malas cosechas y hambrunas. Hazel Analysis! En 1882, se envía una expedición a las estepas del sur para comprender las razones de la regresión de los bosques y del empobrecimiento de los suelos. Of A! El profesor Dokuchaiev, formado en el seno de la Facultad de Geología y Mineralogía de la Universidad de Moscú, investiga las razones de la ineficacia de los procedimientos agrícolas en las estepas de las tierras negras. Are Like! Las graves consecuencias de la sequía le hicieron reflexionar sobre las medidas de prevención de los efectos de las catástrofes naturales sobre las cosechas. Apoyándose en los fenómenos observados en las estepas, propone una teoría revolucionaria que consiste en considerar el suelo como un objeto distinto que se desarrolla en un proceso de interacción entre los componentes abióticos y bióticos de un complejo espacial, y también del hombre (13) . Of A! Por otra parte, se cuestiona la aproximación histórica de los suelos y de las zonas geográficas en general. Symbol! Para Dokuchaiev, el suelo es a la vez un cuerpo natural e histórico , cada zona geográfica representa igualmente la región genética , es decir, formada en el transcurso del proceso histórico, donde hace falta estudiar la variabilidad de la naturaleza en el tiempo y en el espacio. Death Of A Salesman Important! Esta nueva aproximación esclarece las interacciones entre vegetación, relieve, geología, clima y la actividad humana y orienta la geografía rusa hacia el análisis sintético del paisaje y de la historia de su formación. Dokuchaiev expone esta concepción, por primera vez, en su artículo Zonas pedológicas verticales y horizontales del Caucaso en 1898 (1948, p. Essays! 11): Generalmente se estudia los cuerpos separados -minerales, rocas, plantas y animales- y los fenómenos o los elementos separados -fuego (vulcanismo), agua, tierra, aire [], pero no se estudia nunca sus relaciones genéticas, permanente [], que existe entre las fuerzas, los cuerpos y los fenómenos de la naturaleza, entre la naturaleza muerta y viva, entre los reinos vegetales, animales y minerales, de un lado, y el hombre, su vida material y espiritual, por otro.

No obstante son estas relaciones e interacciones regulares que representan la esencia de la comprensión de la naturaleza, el núcleo de la verdadera filosofía - el interés superior de las ciencias de la naturaleza. Es importante señalar el hecho que Dokuchaiev no haya empleado el término Landschaft para materializar este enfoque (Nikolaiev. Death Salesman Important Quotes! 1996). Psychology Symbol! No obstante sus ideas fueron asumidas, en el siglo XX, no solamente en los trabajos de sus discípulos (G.N. Death Of A Quotes! Glinka, A.N.

Krasnov, G.F. Are Like Sheep! Morozov, G.I. Death Of A! Tanfiliev, V.I. Sun Yat Sen 3 Principles! Vernadski, G.N. Death Of A Important! Vysotski), sino también en varias investigaciones físico-geográficas llevadas a cabo en Rusia. Desarrollo de la teoría de paisaje en la Rusia prerevolucionaria. Los historiógrafos de la geografía rusa no interpretan de la misma manera la cuestión del nacimiento de la ciencia del paisaje. Hazel Analysis! La mayoría pone el acento en el nexo que existe entre la teoría del paisaje y la concepción de las zonas geográficas de Dokuchaiev. Death Of A Important Quotes! Algunos insisten sobre la importancia primordial para la geografía rusa de las ideas de A. Essays! Hettner (14) . Of A! La diferencia entre la visión del paisaje de la escuela de Dokuchaiev y la de Hettner es con frecuencia presentada de la siguiente manera: según la concepción tomada de la geografía alemana, el paisaje es un complejo territorial único en su género (región natural), continuo (15) , pero heterogéneo en el interior (visión regionalista ); según las ideas del edafólogo ruso, el paisaje puede ser estudiado como un tipo de complejo territorial, homogéneo en el interior, pero discontínuo (16) (enfoque tipológico ) (Sujova. Psychology Symbol! 1981). Death Of A Quotes! Esta oposición de escuelas nos parece injusta ya que durante toda la historia de la evolución de la Ciencia del Paisaje se ha asimilado tradiciones científicas diferentes.

En los años 1890, las revistas rusas publicaron algunos artículos cuyos autores (17) señalan que la geografía es una ciencia que estudia la distribución espacial de los fenómenos terrestres. Definition Militancy! En el transcurso de los años 1890-1910, aparecieron varias obras que reflexionan sobre la noción de paisaje. Of A Important Quotes! Sus autores se apoyan sobre observaciones hechas en las regiones poco habitadas de latitudes medias. People! En 1895, el botánico y geógrafo A.N. Death Salesman Important Quotes! Krasnov propone estudiar las especies y los géneros de los complejos geográficos cuya formación resulta de las particulares conbinaciones de climas, relieves, de procesos geodinámicos y de la vegetación (1895, p. Psychology! 5).

En 1904, el discípulo de Dokuchaiev, G.N. Death Important! Vysotski, que hace sus investigaciones en las estepas, propone como objeto de investigación físico-geográfica los ecotopos . Una de las primeras obras que proponen una visión del paisaje próximo de la teoría paisajística que dominará en la geografía rusa durante los años 1930-1990 es el artículo de A.A. Laverne! Kruber Las regiones físico-geográficas de la Rusia europea (1907). Death Of A Salesman Important Quotes! Su autor señala que la geografía estudia la superficie terrestre desde el punto de vista de las diferencias espaciales entre sus fenómenos, que se manifiesta en el paisaje . People! En este sentido, Kruber remarca que la división regional debe tener en cuenta no solamente los elementos naturales de las regiones estudiadas sino también las particularidades de sus condiciones culturales, etnográficas y de vida, en definitiva de su pasado histórico (1907, p. Death Salesman! 163). Principles! No obstante su esquema de división regional es físico-geográfico por excelencia y muy determinista. Death Important! Esto lo justifica por el hecho que en Rusia el nivel cultural es bastante bajo [] es por ello que los límites regionales dependen, en mayor parte, por las condiones físico-geográficas [] El hombre se adapta [en Rusia] a la naturaleza (Idem., p. Forensic Psychology! 164).

Un año mas tarde, A.A. Death Important! Borzov, apoyandose en el esquema de división territorial de Rusia propuesta por Kruber, desarrolla la concepción del complejo natural territorial. Essay On Commentary Hayden! En su obra Marcos geográficos de Rusia (Borzov. Of A Quotes! 1908), donde se refiere a los trabajos de E. On Robert Poetry! Reclus, F. Death Salesman Important! Ratzel y A.N. Militancy! Krasnov, afirma que la geografía es una ciencia de los paisajes, que son a la vez conjuntos de elementos físicos y los marcos armoniosos de la naturaleza. Finalmente, en 1913, Lev Semionovich Berg propone, en su artículo Ensayo de la división de Siberia y Turkestan en regiones paisajísticas y morfológicas (Berg. Death Of A Salesman Important Quotes! 1913), la primera definición científica de paisaje. Tells Laverne! En su obra posterior Objeto y problemas de la geografía (Berg. Death Important! 1915) muestra el paisaje como un objeto integrador de la geografía, que marca su especificidad en relación a otras disciplinas y representa la finalidad de sus estudios. Definition Militancy! Desarrollando ideas similares a las de Dokuchaiev y a la concepción cronológica de A. Death Of A Salesman Quotes! Hetter, él propone, como objeto de estudio geográfico, las unidades espaciales de escalas diferentes (del paisaje a la zona geográfica).

Así, la geografía, como afirma, L.S. Tells Analysis! Berg, encuentra su objeto (el paisaje o Landschaft) y su método (la regionalización ). Eligiendo para su concepción la palabra de origen alemán Landschaft, Berg definía el paisaje como una región en la que las particularidades del relieve, clima, aguas, suelo, de la vegetación y de la actividad humana están organizados en un conjunto geográfico armonioso, según un modo que puede repetirse en el interior de una misma zona geográfica. Durante los años 1914-1918 los discípulos de Dokuchaiev -botánicos y pedólogos- comienzan a emplear el término paisaje para la materialización de la idea de la interacción entre los elementos naturales y el hombre. Death Important! Hay que señalar que los naturalistas de esta corriente utilizan la concepción de paisaje primero para elaborar clasificaciones de cenosis vegetales complejas (bosque, marismas, etc.) para poner de relieve la importancia de su unidad genética y dinámica, oponiéndose así a las clasificaciones tradicionales fundadas sobre la investigación de cenosis con flores homogéneas.

Así, el botanista G.F. Militancy! Morozov en sus estudios de tipos de bosques, introduce la noción de elementos constitutivos del bosque entre los que se encuentran el clima, las condiciones pedológicas y geológicas, el relieve, las particularidades silvícolas de especies de árboles, la influencia del hombre (Berg, Dubnianski. Important! 1914). People Sheep! En 1918 Morozov señala que las unidades de su clasificación corresponden a los tipos de paisaje propuestos por L.S. Death Salesman! Berg. Analysis! Igualmente R.I. Death Of A Important! Abolin (1914) en su análisis de tipos de marismas y, más tarde, en 1918, el edafólogo S.S. Essay On Robert! Neustroiev en su obra, consagrada a la división regional de la provincia de Orenburg, se presentan como promotores de esta misma concepción. Problemas epistemológicos de la concepción del paisaje. La nueva interpretación del paisaje propuesta por Berg conlleva en sí tres caracteres importantes. Death Salesman Quotes! En primer lugar, el paisaje es considerado como una unidad homogénea.

En segundo lugar, la identidad de los diferentes paisajes se revela en la similitud de sus composiciones. On Commentary Poetry! Y finalmente, el paisaje de Berg engloba elementos del ecosistema y de la actividad del hombre. En el fondo, se pueden observar dos enfoques posibles de la realidad geográfica. Death Salesman Important! Si el paisaje es una unidad territorial homogénea que se repite de una manera típica en el interior de una misma zona geográfica, puede ser estudiado como un complejo territorial original, pero también como un tipo de región geográfica de una escala precisa. Sen 3! Se trata, en efecto, de dos visiones opuestas del mismo objeto. Death Quotes! Por un lado, esta concepción atestigua la existencia de unidades naturales subordinadas unas a otras y ligadas a un territorio en concreto, fijando así la discontinuidad espacial de la naturaleza. Forensic Psychology! Por otro, la afirmación de que se repiten sobre la superficie terrestre en los límites de ciertas zonas geográficas está ligada a la idea de la continuidad. Of A Important Quotes! Esta oposición, todavía no muy pronunciada, va a provocar la aparición, en el interior de la Ciencia del Paisaje, de puntos de vista antagónicos sobre el paisaje (18) . People! La definición paisajista de Berg presenta otro problema: ¿qué lugar hay que atribuir al hombre en el paisaje?

A lo largo de todo el siglo XX, los geógrafos de paisaje van a dudar entre un enfoque totalizador, según el cuál el hombre forma parte del paisaje que transforma, y un enfoque dualista, según el que el hombre representa una fuerza exterior al paisaje. Death Of A! Berg, él mismo, formado en el seno de la escuela de Anuchin, consideraba al hombre como parte integrante del paisaje, al comienzo de su trayectoria científica, pero, a continuación, cambió su punto de vista original. Desde la invención del paisaje científico las cuestiones de su continuidad o de su discontinuidad y del dualismo o del globalismo del enfoque del paisaje serán tratadas de manera diferente. Sun Yat Sen 3! En efecto, puntos de vista opuestos van a coexistir en Rusia durante todo el siglo XX y van a servir para resolver problemas diversos. Para comprender los procesos que unen entre sí los elementos del medio, era indispensable adaptar la visión del paisaje como cuerpo continuo e integrador en el espacio y en el tiempo. Salesman Important Quotes! Ya a comienzos del siglo XX, se abandonarán las bases de un nuevo enfoque del espacio geográfico, fundado sobre la idea de la continuidad de los procesos que tienen lugar en el medio.

Un gran impulso al desarrollo de este enfoque fue dado por V.I. Psychology Symbol! Vernadski. Death Of A Salesman Important Quotes! Basándose sobre la ley periódica de elementos químicos de Dmitri Mendeleïev y sobre la idea del flujo de materia, pasó de los problemas de la mineralogía descriptiva a la creación de una ciencia nueva, la geoquímica. Essays On Dancing! La geoquímica se esfuerza en profundizar en los problemas teóricos que supone el origen de la repartición de los elementos químicos y de sus combinaciones en las diversas esferas del globo. Death Salesman Quotes! En 1906, Vernadki publica su obra La concepción científica del mundo donde desarrolla su concepción de biosfera (19) . Vernadski reconoció que es incorrecto estudiar aisladamente el organismo viviente y la biosfera, pero igualmente señala, a instancias de Dokuchaiev, la importancia de las interacciones entre los fenómenos de la vida (biosfera) y de la materia abiótica (atmósfera, hidrosfera, litosfera) que se llevan a cabo por medio de los flujos de materia y de energía. On Commentary On Robert Hayden! Consecuentemente, cuestionándose el papel que desempeña la energía solar en los procesos terrestres, él introduce, en las ciencias naturales, el estudio de los intercambios de materia y de energía. Más tarde, en los años 1920, el geobotánico B.B. Of A Salesman Important! Polynov adopta las ideas de Vernadski sobre la interacción de los elementos del medio a la escala del paisaje. On Commentary On Robert Hayden Poetry! B.B. Quotes! Polynou reconoce la existencia de una esfera intermediaria entre las rocas y la materia viviente -capa de alteración- que funciona según las particulares reglas de intercambio de energía y materia.

Posteriormente, propone la noción de paisaje geoquímico -complejo natural territorial, cuyos componentes están unidos genéticamente y por la migración de elementos químicos. Are Like! Por tanto, se puede señalar el nacimiento de un nuevo enfoque sobre el paisaje. Death Of A Important! Éste no está compuesto ya por elementos estáticos fijados visualmente: los componentes del paisaje están unidos por procesos , expresión misma de la continuidad del medio. Militancy! El paisaje es, a la vez, un proceso natural y la metáfora de una interrelación entre elementos de la Naturaleza (20) . Durante este mismo periodo, los geógrafos rusos continuarán haciéndose nuevas preguntas en torno a la estructura de los complejos territoriales y de los paisajes. Salesman Important! Ya en 1938 L.G. Hazel Tells Laverne! Ramenski, en su obra Introducción al estudio integral de los suelos y de la vegetación , formula la hipótesis de la discontinuidad natural, intrínseca de la vegetación y de la existencia de una frontera neta entre la cenosis debido a la influencia de las culturas y a la alternancia discontínua de otros factores. Death Of A Important! Así, la discontinuidad de la vegetación no aparecerá más como un fenómeno inherente a una dinámica propia de la vegetación, sino como resultado de circunstancias medioambientales. Tells! En consecuencia, desarrollando la misma idea de la unidad y de la discontinuidad simultánea de la naturaleza, emplazada en el corazón de la noción de paisaje, Ramenski propone una reflexión sobre la división del paisaje en partes (Ramenski, 1935). Una decena de años más tarde, N.A.

Solntzev, catedrático de la Universidad de Moscú, retoma las ideas de Ramenski y publica una serie de artículos donde propone su concepción de la morfología del paisaje, basándose en unidades paisajísticas de diferente escala intercaladas unas dentro de otras y desembocando en cartografías del paisaje (Rougerie, Beroutchachvili. Salesman! 1991). Forensic! Desde entonces, el paisaje no será más considerado como una unidad de medida de un medio abosolutamente homogéneo y será presentado como un complejo territorial que comporta sistemas de orden menor como urochisché, mestnotst', facies (21) , etc., unidos por flujos laterales de materia y energía. Of A! Al mismo tiempo, representa una parte de las unidades taxonómicas de rango superior (regionales o planetarias) en las que el paisaje se individualiza por criterios de diferenciación. Psychology! Este enfoque está marcado por el objetivismo de la definición de los complejos territoriales y de sus límites y por el determinismo en el análisis de las relaciones entre los componentes del paisaje. Death Salesman! La delimitación de estos complejos territoriales, como señala A. Are Like! Reteyum (1977), reporta verdaderos problemas, ya que las fronteras entre ellos son difusas y no existen criterios comunes para evidenciar los factores activos responsables de su formación, salvo, quizás, los factores zonales y azonales. Al mismo tiempo los geógrafos rusos intentaban resolver otro problema de orden epistemológico. Important Quotes! ¿Representa el hombre una fuerza comparable a la de la naturaleza y, por tanto, hay que considerar los elementos naturales y antropo-geográficos como un conjunto único? O, al contrario, ¿hay que oponer el hombre al medio natural, que determina la organización del espacio por las sociedades? Las primeras concepciones de los geógrafos rusos (escuelas de Anuchin y de Dokuchaiev) permanecen todavía permeables a todo lo que está anclado en la cultura y la historia de la relación hombre-naturaleza. People Sheep! Es el caso del mismo Dokuchaiev, quién habla en sus trabajos de una interrelación genética, que existe desde siempre entre la naturaleza y su Señor imaginario, el hombre, y toda su vida material y espiritural (1899, p. Death Salesman! 19) que se manifiesta en las zonas históricas y naturales. A finales del siglo XIX los geógrafos están siempre atentos al papel desempeñado por el hombre en la formación del paisaje.

Por tanto, no comparten el mismo punto de vista sobre el carácter de las relaciones entre el hombre y el medio. Militancy! Al enfoque totalizante de Dokuchaiev, se opone la visión dualista aparecida entre los geógrafos que participan activamente en los estudios consagrados a los efectos de la colonización rusa sobre los nuevos espacios. Death Of A Salesman Important! Así, en 1894 Alexandre Voieykov publica una serie de artículos sobre La influencia del hombre sobre la Tierra (la traducción francesa será publicada en los Annales de Geografía de Francia en 1901) donde analiza los diversos aspectos de la antropización del medio natural. Essays On Dancing! Igualmente, A.N. Salesman! Krasnov, en sus obras, explica los primeros fracasos de la colonización del Caúcaso subtropical debido a la ausencia de estudios sobre las relaciones ancestrales entre los pueblos locales y su medio. Al mismo tiempo aparecieron las concepciones globalizantes todavía más radicales que las de Dokuchaiev y Berg de los años 1910-1930.

Por ejemplo, la de Vernadski, según la cuál el hombre tiene un papel tan importante en sus procesos de intercambios energéticos y biogeoquímicos, que haría falta considerarlo como una fuerza equivalente a las geológicas y geoquímicas. On Dancing! En los años 1930-1940, desarrolla la teoría de la noosfera, la esfera del conocimiento, de la razón, de las transformación del medio por la civilización humana, que existe sobre el mismo plano que la biosfera, la litosfera, etc. No obstante, la enfoque globalizante será progresivamente reemplazado por una visión dualista. Important Quotes! La aparación del término paisaje cultural , propuesto por L.S. Are Like Sheep! Berg y S.S. Important Quotes! Neustroiev, es un signo paradójico de que la noción de Landschaft pierde su dimensión cultural (22) . Sen 3! En primer lugar esta noción está más bien ligada a los paisajes agrarios, cuyo estudio conocen, durante los años 1920-1930, una gran expansión.

Pero ya durante el decenio 1940-1950, la visión del paisaje cultural cambia esencialmente. Death Of A Important! Así, el economista-geógrafo Yu.G. Tells Laverne! Sauchkin entiende la noción de paisaje cultural como todo paisaje natural, donde las relaciones entre los elementos del medio natural son cambiados por la actividad del hombre (Sauchkin. Death Of A Important Quotes! 1946, p. Militancy! 97). Death Of A Important Quotes! Esto significa que sobre la Tierra hay relativamente pocas regiones que no pueden ser consideradas como paisajes culturales ( Idem. Essays! ). Salesman! Curiosamente, esta noción desaparecerá durante los dos decenios siguientes del vocabulario geográfico soviético. Los problemas epistemológicos de esta nueva concepción de paisaje permanecen todavía lejos de ser resueltos durante la primera mitad del siglo XX. Psychology! El contenido de la noción de paisaje es tan vago que la visión regionalista o individual , los enfoques tipológicos y la concepción de paisaje visible (23) cohabitan a menudo en las mismas obras geográficas. Important! Incluso si ciertos geógrafos, como B.F. Essays On Dancing! Dobrinin, emplea el términopaisaje y se esfuerzan en estructurar la descripción del paisaje en torno a sus elementos (geológicos, geomorfológicos, climáticos, hidrológicos, fitológicos, zoológicos y culturales), el paisaje es analizado, en sus trabajos, como una región geográfica.

Además, no hay ninguna reflexión teórica sobre sus elementos. Of A Quotes! En efecto, la nueva concepción es elaborada por los geógrafos rusos desde principios de siglo durante sus investigaciones en un medio particular - en las llanuras de la Rusia europea. On Dancing! Los geógrafos se limitan a trabajos de división regional, o bien a sus descripciones especializadas (geomorfológicas, botánicas, etc.). Las representaciones geográficas del paisaje en Rusia desde los primeros decenios del siglo XX son extremadamente ricas: los modelos naturalistas coexisten con concepciones que engloban la realidad natural y humana, los enfoques objetivistas con los que se basan sobre la aprehensión del paisaje como aspecto visible del territorio, las concepciones del discontinuismo espacial y temporal de la naturaleza con los enfoques geográficos basados sobre la hipótesis de la continuidad de los procesos naturales en el espacio y el tiempo. Death Of A Important! Esta diversidad de enfoques va a desaparecer progresivamente de la geografía bajo la influencia de la nueva ideología y de los cambios sociales y económicos en Rusia. Desde el segundo cuarto del siglo XX, la visión naturocentrica triunfa en las investigaciones paisajísticas soviéticas y los elementos antrópicos así desaparecerán de las descripciones.

La naturalización y la objetivización del paisaje corresponden al espíritu general de la época. Hazel Laverne Analysis! En efecto, la Revolución de Octubre de 1917 ha jugado un importante papel en la modificación de la concepción de paisaje en Rusia. Death Of A Important Quotes! De una parte, las transformaciones políticas y sociales acentúan las tendencias ya existentes en el desarrollo de la geografía rusa, donde lo más importante es el aspecto utilitario de las investigaciones geográficas, su relación directa con la práctica y el desarrollo económico. Essay On Robert Poetry! Por otra parte, la concepción del materialismo marxista, según la cual nuestras sensaciones son medios eficaces para conocer el mundo en su objetividad, se convierte en dominante en Rusia. Of A Salesman Important! Consecuentemente, a lo largo del siglo XX, el paisaje es reducido, a título de complejo geográfico natural, al sistema de componentes naturales, o más simplemente, a la suma de diferentes índices y formulas físicas y químicas. Por consecuencia, la geografía rusa ha pasado al siglo XX a una visión más interactiva y más globalizante del paisaje con, en particular, la introducción del concepto de geosistema.

No obstante, si los métodos de su estudio son cada vez más objetivos (cuantitativos), los elementos culturales del paisaje desaparecen del modelo paisajístico ruso. Sun Yat! Hará falta esperar a los años 1970 para que la Ciencia soviética de Landschaft vuelva a tener interés de nuevo por el role del hombre en el proceso de la evolución del paisaje. 1. Death Important Quotes! Las Cátedras (término ruso para definir las áreas de conocimiento) de Geografía fueron creadas en las universidades rusas gracias al Edicto de 23 de agosto de 1884. Poetry! Anteriormente, solo se enseñaba Geografía Física en las Cátedras de Física, a menudo reducida a la Climatología. 2. Death Important Quotes! No es por azar que, a principios del siglo XX, Paul Vidal de la Blanche dió un título revelador a su introducción a la Historia de Francia de Ernest Lavisse: Tableau de la Géographie de la France . Laverne Analysis! Según la concepción vidaliana, el paisaje concretiza el marco impuesto por la naturaleza al hombre, manifestandose también en la ingeniosidad de la adaptación de las sociedades, la riqueza de los géneros de vida (Sgard. Death Of A Quotes! 1997). 3. Forensic! La geografía no se desarrolla como disciplina autónoma en el seno de la Universidad francesa hasta 1890.

Como señala C. Death Of A Quotes! Rhein (1984, p. Definition! 70), la geografía en Francia, incluso durante la década 1870-1880, solamente es enseñada en las escuelas primarias, los liceos y colegios. Of A Salesman Important Quotes! [] Si la geografía existe en Francia ya en los años 1880, habría que hablar más bien de geografias, dicho de otra manera, un conjunto de conocimientos relativamente abiertos y practicados fuera de las instituciones universitarias. 4. Tells Laverne Analysis! Sobre el nacimiento de la concepción del Paisaje en Alemania se puede citar también la obra dirigida por M. Death Of A Important! de Bolós (1992): Manual de Ciencia del Paisaje . 5. Sen 3! Hay que señalar que el término Ciencia del Paisaje aparece por primera vez en las obras de los geógrafos alemanes de finales del siglo XIX ( Landschaftskunde ). Salesman Important Quotes! Como señalan G. Laverne! Rougerie y N. Salesman! Beroutchachvili (1991), los paisajes eran considerados por entonces más bien como una óptica territorial, como expresiones espaciales realizadas en la naturaleza por un juego de leyes científicamente analizables. 6. Essays! El término Expedición Académica es empleado por los historiógrafos rusos para describir las cinco expediciones enviadas por la Academia de Ciencias de San Petersburgo, en los años 1768-1774, para estudiar los recursos naturales y humanos del Imperio Ruso. Salesman Quotes! Estas expediciones han desempeñado un importante papel en el avance de los descubrimientos geográficos no solamente a la escala de Rusia, sino también a la escala europea (Frolova. People Sheep! 2000b). 7. Death Of A Important! Estadística descriptiva o cameral es una escuela científica de recogida de información descriptiva sobre el territorio y la población del Estado, dominante en Rusia durante la primera mitad del siglo XIX. On Robert Hayden! Históricamente, el modelo estadístico de descripción de Rusia fue tomado de los científicos alemanes. Salesman! Su método se caracterizaba por la predominancia de las cifras sobre el texto, por la nomenclatura, por la exigüidad de comentarios, que manifiesta su origen militar y/o burocrático. 8. Psychology Symbol! Si bien el papel de P.P. Death! Semionov en el desarrollo de la geografía rusa de la segunda mitad del siglo XIX es sin duda importante, la legitimidad de la escuela geográfica de Semionov aceptada en la historiografía soviética (Abramov.

1972), es puesta en duda por O. Sheep! Orain (1996, p. Death Important! 226). Sun Yat! Este autor señala que Semionov no tuvo concepciones verdaderamente originales para la geografía, ni verdaderos discípulos. Death Quotes! No obstante, hay que remarcar que este funcionario del Estado, científico y explorador, ejerció una influencia importante sobre los geógrafos rusos y el gran publico en tanto que autor de las primeras obras de difusión geográfica, consagradas a la descripción sistemática del conjunto del país. 9. Sen 3! Contemporáneo de A. Of A Important Quotes! Humboldt, C. Laverne Analysis! Ritter está completamente despegado de la noción de paisaje: él no es hombre de terreno, ni naturalista, sino más bien filósofo e historiador (Rougerie, Beroutchachvili. Death Of A Quotes! 1991). 10. Sen 3! Doce volúmenes bien ilustrados accesibles para todo el mundo (esta obra reunió a varias antologías, consagrados a diferentes regiones del país). 11. Of A Salesman Important! Él fué un atento lector de Richthofen, Wagner, Hettner, Ratzel (Orain, 1996). 12. On Commentary Hayden! A pesar de su pertenencia a la Facultad de Historia y Filología, ésta cátedra se ocupa de problemas verdaderamente geográficos y de la explicación de fenómenos físicos del espacio terrestre.

Es por ello que desde 1888 pertenecerá a la Cátedra de Ciencias de la Naturaleza de la Facultad de Física y Matemática (Krasnopolski. Salesman Quotes! 1995). 13. Forensic! Anteriormente el suelo era tratado como una formación geológica superficial. 14. Death Of A Quotes! Así N.M. Are Like! Dronin (1999) afirma en su obra sobre la Historia de la concepción del paisaje que hasta los años 1930, geógrafos rusos tan conocidos como Semionov y Berg ligaron sus definiciones de paisaje con la concepción cronológica de Hettner. Death Salesman Important Quotes! Él explica la desaparación de referencias a los trabajos de Hettner en los años 1930 por la lucha ideológica contra el idealismo en la geografía soviética.

15. Definition Militancy! Puede ser presentado sobre un mapa por un solo contorno. 16. Death Of A Salesman Quotes! Puede repetirse en el espacio y puede ser representado sobre un mapa por contornos separados. 17.

Entre ellos están los artículos de A. Hazel Tells Analysis! Hettner y E. Death Quotes! Ritter, traducidos al ruso. 18. On Dancing! Desde su aparición, la concepción de Landschaft a llevado consigo postulados contradictorios que permanecerán como un lastre para varias generaciones de geógrafos y se traducirán en batallas científicas permanentes en torno a la noción de paisaje. Of A Important Quotes! Es interesante que los mismos geógrafos de paisaje, propusieron varias veces reemplazar la noción demasiado vaga de paisaje por otros términos como: complejo natural territorial (Borzov. Are Like! 1908), aspecto geográfico, geocora, ourotchistché (Berg, años 1930), etc. 19. Death Salesman Important Quotes! Su obra Biosfera será publicada en 1926 (Vernadski.

1926). 20. Essay On Commentary Hayden Poetry! Como escribe N.M. Death Quotes! Dronin (1999), en los años 1930, esta visión tomará una forma extrema en los trabajos del director del Instituto de Geomorfología A.A. Essay On Robert Hayden Poetry! Grigoriev, autor de la teoría del proceso geográfico global, que va a dominar en la geografía soviética entre los años 1930-1940. 21. Important Quotes! Los términos urochische y facies fueron introducidos en la geografía de los paisajes por L.F. Hazel Tells! Ramenski en 1935 y 1938. Death Important! Según G. On Dancing! Rougerie y N. Death Of A Salesman Quotes! Beroutchachvili (1991, p. Psychology Symbol! 39), las facies es el componente más pequeño de la estructura del paisaje, un espacio homogéneo que reúne condiciones naturales más o menos complejas.

El urochisché es una asociación de facies y la mestnost' - la asociación de urochisché's (Pedroli. Important! 1983). 22. On Commentary On Robert Hayden Poetry! Ya desde finales de los años 1930 - en la segunda (1937) y tercera (1947) edición de su famosa obra conceptual Zonas paisajísticas y geográficas de la URSS (1930)- Berg adopta el enfoque dualista sobre la relación entre el hombre y el paisaje. Salesman Quotes! De un lado, él escribe que la actividad humana no tiene más que un papel secundario en el conjunto paisajístico (1947). Forensic! De otro, señala que solamente los paisajes naturales o los agrarios son conjuntos geográficos armoniosos. 23. Salesman! El promotor de este enfoque del paisaje, ligado a los hechos visibles, V.P.

Semionov Tian-Chanski formuló de esta forma la esencia de la investigación geográfica: [] La investigación de los tipos de regiones geográficas [de paisajes] es un trabajo esencial, necesario e imprescindible de la geografía, que aproxima esta ciencia al arte (Semionov. Forensic Symbol! 1928, p. Of A Salesman Important Quotes! 47). People Are Like! El paisaje artístico tiene una importancia primordial y determinante para la geografía, ya que ella se baja sobre impresiones visuales [] (Idem., p. Of A Salesman Important! 266). BOLOS i CAPDEVILA, M. On Commentary Hayden Poetry! (dir.). Of A Important Quotes! Manual de Ciencia del paisaje :Teoría, métodos y aplicaciones. Forensic! Barcelona : Masson, 1992. Of A! 273 p. FROLOVA, M. People Sheep! Le paysage des géographes russes : l'évolution du regard géographique entre le XIX e et le XX e siècle. Salesman Important! Cybergéo , 2000a, n143,

FROLOVA, M. On Robert Hayden! Les paysages du Caucase. Of A Salesman Quotes! Contribution géographique à l'étude des représentations et des modélisations de la montagne . Essays On Dancing! Thèse de doctorat, Université de Toulouse-le-Mirail, Institut de géographie de l'Académie des sciences de Moscou, 2000b. Death Quotes! 436 p. ORAIN, O. Hazel Tells Laverne Analysis! La géographie russe (1845-1917) à l'ombre et à la lumière de l'historiographie soviétique. Death Salesman Important Quotes! L'Espace géographique , 1996, n 3, p. Psychology Symbol! 217-232. PEDROLI, B. Death Of A Important! Landscape concept and essays on dancing landscape and salesman important rangeland surveys in principles, the Soviet Union. Death Of A Important Quotes! ITC Journal , 1983-4, p. Psychology! 307-321. RHEIN, C. Death Salesman Quotes! Emile Levasseur (1828-1911). Sun Yat Principles! In PINCHEMEL, Ph., ROBIC, M.-C., TISSIER, J.-L. Important! (dir.). Definition Militancy! Deux siècles de géographie française : choix de textes , Paris : C.T.H.S., 1984. Quotes! p. Tells! 69-71.

ROBIC, M.-C. Death Of A! La Terre, observatoire et demeure des homes. Principles! In Le XIXe siècle. Death Salesman Important Quotes! Science, politique et tradition . Definition! Paris : Berger-Levrault, 1995. Death Of A! p. Definition! 113-129. RONCAYOLO, M. Of A Salesman Important Quotes! Le paysage du savant. Forensic Psychology! In NORA P. Death Salesman Important Quotes! (dir.) Les lieux de mémoire , Paris : Gallimard, 1986, en 2 vol., t. Are Like Sheep! II. Of A! 610 p.

ROUGERIE, G., BEROUTCHACHVILI, N. Essay On Commentary On Robert Hayden! Géosystèmes et paysages. Of A Salesman Important! Bilans et méthodes. Essay Hayden Poetry! Paris : Armand Colin, 1991. Death Of A! 302 p. SGARD, A. Essay On Commentary Hayden! Paysage du Vercors : entre mémoire et identité . Of A Important! Revue de Géographie Alpine , numéro hors-série. Forensic! Grenoble, Coll.

Ascendances, 1997. Death Of A Salesman! 166 p. ABOLIN, R. Definition Militancy! I. Of A Salesman Important Quotes! Ensayo de la clasificación epigenológica de las marismas. Militancy! In Ciencia de las marismas (Opit epigenologuicheskoi klassificatsii bolot. Death Salesman Quotes! In Bolotovedenie ), 1914, n º3-4, p. Are Like! 231-285. ABRAMOV, L. Salesman Important Quotes! S. Forensic Psychology! Descripciones naturalistas de nuestro país. Death Of A Important Quotes! Desarrollo des enfoque físico-geográfico ( Opisania prirodi nashei strani.

Razvitie fisico-geograficheskikh kharakteristik ). Sun Yat! Moscú: Misl, 1972. Death Of A Important! 277 p. ANUCHIN, D. Definition! N. Salesman! Sobre la geografía y cuestiones ligadas a su enseñanza (1912). Principles! In Obras geográficas seleccionadas (O prepodavanii geografii i voprosakh s nimi sviazannikh. Of A Salesman Important Quotes! In Izbrannie geograficheskie raboti ). Principles! Moscú: OGIZ, 1949, p. Of A Quotes! 99-110. BERG, L. On Commentary Hayden Poetry! S. Of A Salesman! Ensayo de la división de Siberia y Turkestan en regiones paisajísticas y morfológicas. Analysis! In Homenaje al 70 aniversario de D. Of A! N. Analysis! Anuchin (Opit razdelenia Sibiri i Turkestana na landshaftnie i morfologuicheskie oblasti.

In Sbornik v chest 70-letia D.N. Death Of A Salesman Important Quotes! Anuchina ), Moscú: SASNAE, 1913, p. Essays! 117-138. BERG, L. Death! S., DUBNIANSKI V. Essays! El bosque como fenómeno geográfico. Of A Salesman Important Quotes! In Geografía general (Les kak yavlenie geograficheskoie. Symbol! In Zemlevedenie ), 1914, volúmenes 1-2, p. Death! 135-138. BORZOV, A. Symbol! A. Death Salesman Important Quotes! Cuadro geográfico de Rusia (Kartini po geografii Rossii). Laverne! Moscú: Izd-vo Grossman y Knebel, 1908, . Salesman! nº 1. Essays! 192 p. DOKUCHAIEV, V. Death Of A Salesman! V. Essays On Dancing! Informe al Comité Estadístico de Transcaucasia sobre la evolución en general de los suelos, y del Cáucaso en particular ( Doklad professora V.V. Of A Important Quotes! Dokuchaieva Zakavkazskomu Statisticheskomu Komitetu ob otsenke zemel voobsche i Zakavkazia, v osobennosti. Hayden! Pochvennie gorizontalnie i vertikalnie zoni ). Quotes! Tiflis: Tip.

Kants Glavnonach. Essays On Dancing! Grajd. Death Of A Salesman Important! Chasti na Kavkaze, 1899. People Are Like! 19 p. DOKUCHAIEV, V. Death Salesman Important Quotes! V. Definition Militancy! Teoría de las zonas naturales ( Uchenie o zonakh prirodi ). Death Salesman Important! Moscú: Geogiz, 1948. Hazel Tells Laverne! 62 p. DRONIN, N. Important Quotes! M. Tells! Evolución de la concepción del paisaje en la geografía física rusa y soviética ( Evoliutsia landshaftnoi kontseptsii v russkoi i sovetskoi fisicheskoi geografii ). Of A Important Quotes! Moscú: GEOS, 1999. Militancy! 232 p. KRASNOPOLSKI, A. Important Quotes! V. Essay On Commentary Hayden Poetry! Geógrafos de nuestro país (1917-1992).

Bibliografía ( Otechestvennie geografi. Of A Salesman Important Quotes! Bibliograficheski spravochnik ). Sun Yat Principles! San Petersburgo: RGO, 1995, en 3 vol., t.3. Of A Salesman Important! 541 p. KRASNOV, A. Sun Yat Sen 3 Principles! V. Death Of A Quotes! Fundamentos de la Geografía general ( Osnovi Zemlevedenia ). Sun Yat Sen 3! Kharkov, 1895-1898, nº 1-4. KRUBER, A. Salesman Important! A. Essays On Dancing! Regiones fisico-geograficas de la Rusia europea. Of A Quotes! In Geografía general (Fisico-geograficheskie oblasti Evropeiskoi Rossii. Forensic Psychology Symbol! In Zemlevedenie ), 1907, p. Of A Important! 163-220. MIJEIEV, V. People! S. Death Quotes! Actualización de la base metodológica de la ciencia del paisaje. Definition! In Estructura, funcionamento, evolución de los paisajes naturales y antrópicos.

Resumen del X Congreso de Paisaje (Aktualizatsia metodologuicheskoi osnovi landshaftovedenia. Of A Salesman Important! In Struktura, funktsionirovanie i evolutsia prirodnikh i antropogennikh landshaftov . Essay On Commentary Hayden! Tezisi X landshaftnoi konferenzii ). Of A Quotes! Moscú: MGU, serie 5, 1996, nº 6, p. Are Like! 7-8. NIKOLAIEV, V. Death Salesman! A. Essays On Dancing! Trayectoria de V. Death Salesman Important Quotes! V. Militancy! Dokuchaiev hacia la síntesis paisajistica. Of A Important Quotes! In Memorias de la universidad de Moscú (Put V.V. Definition! Dokuchaieva k landshaftnomu sintezu. Of A Salesman! In Vest. Tells! Omsk. Death Quotes! Un-ta ), Moscú: MGU, serie 5, 1996, nº 6, p. Laverne Analysis! 3-8. RAMENSKI, L. Of A Salesman Important Quotes! G. Symbol! Introducción al estudio integral de los suelos y de la vegetación ( Vvedenie v kompleksnoie pochvenno-botanicheskoie issledovanie zemel ). Salesman! Moscú: Seljoguiz, 1938. Poetry! 620 p. RETEYUM, A. Salesman Important Quotes! Yu.

Factores y formas de la organización del espacio de la superficie terrestre. Sun Yat Principles! In Cuestiones de la Geografía. Death Of A Important Quotes! Investigación sistémica de la naturaleza (O faktorakh i formakh uporiadochennosti prostranstva obolochki Zemli. Psychology Symbol! In Voprosi geografii. Death Salesman Quotes! Sistemnie issledovania prirodi ), 1977, Moscú: Misl, t. Sen 3 Principles! 104, p. Salesman! 84-95. SAUCHKIN, Yu.

G. Definition Militancy! Paisaje cultural. Death Salesman! In Cuestiones de Geografía (Kulturniy landshaft. On Commentary Poetry! In Voprosi geografii ), 1946, nº 1, p. Death Of A Salesman Important! 97-106. SEMIONOV TIAN-CHANSKI, P. People Are Like Sheep! P. Death! Geografía general del Asia (redacción, traducción y complementos a la obra de C. Essays! Ritter) ( Zemlevedenie Azii (redaktsia, perevod i dopolnenia truda K. Death Of A Salesman Quotes! Rittera) ). Forensic Psychology! San Petersburgo, 1863-1885, 5 partes. SEMIONOV TIAN-CHANSKI, P. Death Of A Salesman Important! P. Forensic! Región y país ( Raión i strana ). Death Salesman Important! Moscú-Leningrado, 1928. Essay On Commentary Hayden Poetry! 312 p. SUJOVA, N. Death Of A Salesman Important! G. Definition Militancy! Evolución de la concepción del complejo natural territorial en la geografía rusa ( Razvitie predstavlenij o prirodnom territorialnom komplekse v russkoi geografii ). Important! Leningrado: Nauka, 1981. Essays! 212 p.

VERNADSKI, V. Of A Important Quotes! I. Sun Yat Sen 3 Principles! Biosfera . Important! Leningrado: NJTI, NTO, VSMJ, 1926. On Commentary On Robert Poetry! 147 p.

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850 word essay The remainder of this essay writing tutorial is based on a short sample #039;divorce essay#039; (about 1,000 words). To complete all of the associated tasks, it is easiest if you have the sample essay in front of you. A major change that has occurred in the Western family is an death salesman important increased incidence in divorce. Definition Militancy! Whereas in the past, divorce was a relatively rare occurrence, in recent times it has become quite commonplace. This change is borne out clearly in census figures.

For example thirty years ago in Australia, only death of a quotes, one marriage in ten ended in forensic symbol divorce; nowadays the figure is more than one in three (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 1996: p.45). A consequence of this change has been a substantial increase in the number of single parent families and the attendant problems that this brings (Kilmartin, 1997). An important issue for sociologists, and of a important indeed for all of society, is why these changes in marital patterns have occurred. In this essay I will seek to hazel tells laverne analysis, critically examine a number of sociological explanations for the #039;divorce phenomenon#039; and also consider the social policy implications that each explanation carries with it. It will be argued that the best explanations are to be found within a broad socio-economic framework. One type of explanation for death of a salesman rising divorce has focused on changes in laws relating to marriage. For example, Bilton, Bonnett and Jones (1987) argue that increased rates of divorce do not necessarily indicate that families are now more unstable. Militancy! It is possible, they claim, that there has always been a degree of marital instability. They suggest that changes in death the law have been significant, because they have provided unhappily married couples with #039;access to a legal solution to pre-existent marital problems#039; (p.301). Bilton et al. therefore believe that changes in divorce rates can be best explained in terms of changes in the legal system. The problem with this type of explanation however, is that it does not consider why these laws have changed in sun yat principles the first place.

It could be argued that reforms to family law, as well as the increased rate of divorce that has accompanied them, are the product of more fundamental changes in society. Another type of quotes, explanation is one that focuses precisely on these broad societal changes. For example, Nicky Hart (cited in Haralambos, 1995) argues that increases in divorce and marital breakdown are the result of economic changes that have affected the family. One example of essays, these changes is the raised material aspirations of families, which Hart suggests has put pressure on death of a quotes both spouses to become wage earners. Women as a result have been forced to tells, become both homemakers and economic providers. According to Hart, the contradiction of important, these two roles has lead to conflict and this is the main cause of marital breakdown. It would appear that Hart#039;s explanation cannot account for all cases of divorce - for example, marital breakdown is on Robert Poetry liable to occur in families where only the husband is working. Nevertheless, her approach, which is to relate changes in family relations to broader social forces, would seem to be more probing than one that looks only at legislative change.

The two explanations described above have very different implications for social policy, especially in salesman important relation to how the problem of increasing marital instability might be dealt with. Bilton et al. (1995) offer a legal explanation and hence would see the solutions also being determined in this domain. If rises in divorce are thought to be the sun yat sen 3, consequence of liberal divorce laws, the obvious way to stem this rise is to make them less obtainable. This approach, one imagines, would lead to a reduction in divorce statistics; however, it cannot really be held up as a genuine solution to the problems of marital stress and breakdown in society. Indeed it would seem to be a solution directed more at symptoms than addressing fundamental causes. Furthermore, the experience of death quotes, social workers, working in the area of family welfare suggests that restricting a couple#039;s access to divorce would in some cases serve only to exacerbate existing marital problems (Johnson, 1981). In those cases where violence is involved, the sun yat principles, consequences could be tragic. Apart from all this, returning to more restrictive divorce laws seems to be a solution little favoured by Australians. (Harrison, 1990). Hart (cited in Haralambos, 1995), writing from a Marxist-feminist position, traces marital conflict to changes in the capitalist economic system and their resultant effect on the roles of men and women.

It is of a quotes difficult to know however, how such an sen 3 principles analysis might be translated into practical social policies. This is because the of a salesman, Hart program would appear to require in the first place a radical restructuring of the economic system. Essay On Robert Poetry! Whilst this may be desirable for some, it is not achievable in the present political climate. Hart is right however, to death important quotes, suggest that much marital conflict can be linked in some way to the economic circumstances of families. This is borne out in many statistical surveys which show consistently that rates of divorce are higher among socially disadvantaged families (McDonald, 1993). This situation suggests then that social policies need to be geared to providing support and security for these types of families. It is on dancing little cause for optimism however, that in recent years governments of all persuasions have shown an increasing reluctance to fund social welfare programs of this kind. It is difficult to death important quotes, offer a comprehensive explanation for sheep the growing trend of marital breakdown; and it is important quotes even more difficult to find solutions that might ameliorate the problems created by definition militancy, it. Clearly though, as I have argued in important this essay, the most useful answers are to be found not within a narrow legal framework, but within a broader socio-economic one. Finally, it is people are like worth pointing out that, whilst we may appear to be living in a time of increased family instability, research suggests that historically, instability may have been the norm rather than the exception.

As Bell and Zajdow (1997) point out, in the past, single parent and step families were more common than is assumed - although the disruptive influence then was not divorce, but the of a, premature death of one or both parents. This situation suggests that in studying the Essay Poetry, modern family, one needs to employ a historical perspective, including the salesman important, possibility of Hayden, looking to the past in searching for ways of dealing with problems in the present. Australian Bureau of Statistics (1996). Divorces, Australia . Canberra: Australian Government Printing Service. Bell, R. and G. Zajdow (1997) Family and household.

In R. Jureidini, S. Death Of A Important! Kenny and M. Poole (eds). Sociology: Australian Connections . St Leonards. NSW: Allen and Unwin. Bilton, T., K. Bonnett and P. Jones (1987). Introductory Sociology , 2nd edition. London: MacMillan. Haralambos, M. (1995). Sociology: Themes and Perspectives , 3rd edition. London: Bell and Hyman.

Harrison, M. (1995). Grounds for divorce. Family Matters . No 42 pp 34-35. Johnson, V. (1981). The Last Resort: A Women#039;s Refuge . Ringwood: Penguin. People Are Like Sheep! Kilmartin, C. (1997). Death Important Quotes! Children divorce and one-parent families. Family Matters . No. 48. ( Available On-line ) McDonald, P. (1993).

Family Trends and Structure in Australia . Australian Family Briefings No 3. Melbourne: Australian Institute of Family Studies. Essays On Dancing! Problems? Questions? Comments? Please provide us feedback.

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Endometriosis: General Information. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Endometriosis is a condition that occurs when tissue similar to the inside of the uterus is of a salesman important quotes found outside of its normal location. The only on dancing, way to be 100% sure that a person has endometriosis is to have a laparoscopy. There is of a salesman important quotes no cure for on dancing, endometriosis, but treatment can improve symptoms and preserve fertility. Endometriosis, pronounced, endometreeosis can affect girls of death salesman important all ages. On Commentary On Robert! It is a condition that occurs when tissue similar to the inside lining of the uterus is found outside of salesman its normal location.

Endometrial implants can be found on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and on dancing, ligaments that support the of a salesman quotes, uterus and tells analysis, tissue covering the bladder and rectum. The most common locations of endometrial implants in teens are in of a important quotes, the culdesac area (behind the uterus), and sun yat, near the bladder. What are the symptoms of endometriosis? Endometriosis causes different symptoms in young women. Pelvic pain and/or severe period cramps are the most common symptoms. There can be pain before, during or after your period. The pain may occur at death important quotes regular times in laverne, your cycle or it may occur at death salesman quotes any time during the month. It is often referred to as chronic pelvic pain. Definition Militancy! The location of the death salesman important, endometrial implants and the way in which the are like sheep, lesions affect the pelvic organs contribute to the symptoms teens may have. Some teens may have pain with exercise, sex, and/or after a pelvic exam.

Although not as common, some teens may have painful or frequent urination, diarrhea or constipation with pelvic pain. Its important to remember that some teens have a lot of endometriosis and have very little pain, while others may have a small amount of endometriosis and severe pain. Although we know that some young women may be slightly more likely to develop endometriosis because female relatives have it, the death of a salesman, fact is we do not know the definition, cause of this disease. The three most accepted theories are: Sampsons Theory: This theory explains that the flow of menstrual blood gets backed up causing some of the death of a salesman quotes, blood to flow in laverne, a reverse direction.

This process causes blood containing endometrial tissue to of a salesman important attach to surfaces outside of the uterus. Meyers Theory: This theory proposes that specific cells called metaplastic cells change into endometrial cells and are actually present at birth. Are Like Sheep! Vascular Theory: This theory suggests that the endometrial tissue travels through the death of a salesman important, body via blood vessels. Definition Militancy! It then reaches various tissues, implants, and then grows, causing pain. The ONLY way to be 100% sure of this diagnosis is to have a procedure called a laparoscopy. There is no blood test, xray, ultrasound, or MRI that can diagnose endometriosis at this time. A laparoscopy allows your doctor to look inside your belly at your pelvic organs with a special lens to identify the endometriosis (implants). Death Salesman Important Quotes! Other tests that may be ordered before a laparoscopy might include blood tests, vaginal cultures to essays check for infection, ultrasound or an MRI (to make sure its not something else). Why have I heard that some adult women may have trouble getting pregnant? If endometriosis is not found and treated, it can grow and damage the fallopian tubes and death of a salesman quotes, ovaries. This can make it more difficult to get pregnant.

Studies done at Boston Childrens Hospital have shown that if endo is found in teens and sun yat principles, treated early, it does not tend to get worse over time. Is there a cure for endometriosis? While there is no cure for death of a salesman quotes, endometriosis, you can be treated with surgery and medicine to sun yat principles keep the endometriosis from getting worse and death of a important quotes, harming your future fertility. It is very helpful to use a Pain and Symptom Tracker to record your pain for a while. Another method to locate and on dancing, describe your pain is Pain Mapping. Make a copy of your Pain and Symptom Tracker and Pain Mapping worksheets, fill them out, and bring them with you to your appointments. These tools will help you explain your pain to your medical team. Ways to help you describe pelvic pain: Type (sharp, dull, burning, aching, crampy) Location (where the pain is) Duration (how long the of a salesman, pain lasts) Intensity (on a scale of hazel laverne analysis 110, how bad the pain is) What kinds of death of a salesman important treatment are available?

Once a diagnosis of hazel tells endometriosis has been made, treatment falls into death salesman important the following categories. Observation: After an evaluation and before beginning hormonal therapy, you and essays on dancing, your gynecology (GYN) team may decide to keep track of your symptoms and death salesman important quotes, try mild pain medicine. This is usually the first step for girls with premenarcheal endometriosis (who are too young to have had their first period). Medical suppression: Hormonal treatment such as birth control pills containing estrogen and progesterone taken continuously (to stop periods) relieves symptoms in many patients. A second treatment is progesterone medicine alone. This comes as a progestinonly birth control pill in a pill pack (NorQD or Camilla) or as a regular pill that comes in a bottle Norethindrone acetate (Aygestin). The dose of Aygestin can be adjusted for your body to stop your pain and bleeding. Another type of medication is a GnRH agonist, such as Leuprolide acetate (LupronDepot).

This medicine works by shutting off hormones made by the ovaries and temporarily stops your period. The use of GnRH agonist therapy lowers your bodys estrogen level (one of the hormones that causes your body to have periods). Surgery: Visible endometriosis will be destroyed at the time of laparoscopy. Forensic Psychology! After this procedure, many teens find relief from of a quotes, symptoms. Most say that their pain is essays better, but not completely gone. Death Of A Important! Remember, there is no cure for endometriosis. Many teens may experience pain again. Lifestyle changes: Dealing with chronic pelvic pain can be challenging. Exercising often helps to on dancing relieve or lessen pelvic pain and menstrual cramps. Eating a balanced diet and getting enough rest also helps your body manage pain. Death Of A Salesman! Practicing relaxation techniques such as yoga and meditation help to ease pain too.

Pain treatment services: If you do not have relief from your symptoms, your gynecologist may refer you to a pain treatment program for tells laverne, an evaluation. Following an evaluation, services such as biofeedback, physical therapy, acupuncture and exercise programs may be offered. Complementary medicine: Acupuncture, herbal remedies, homeopathy and healing touch are among popular adjunct approaches to death salesman quotes medical treatment. Forensic! Many of death salesman these therapies can be helpful, however not every complementary therapy has been scientifically proven to be safe and essays, effective. Death Salesman Important! Research studies are limited. People! Before experimenting with any alternative therapy, make sure that you are working with a licensed provider that has been referred to you. What else do I need to know about endometriosis? Young women CAN suffer from symptoms of endometriosis.

Medical studies have found this disease in teenagers and young children. Chronic pelvic pain is NOT normal. Most young women have none or mild to moderate menstrual cramps one or two days a month. If you are absent from school because of pelvic pain or menstrual cramps, tell your GYN team. Endometriosis occurs among women of ALL races. Endometriosis is salesman important NOT an STI (sexually transmitted infection). Getting pregnant does NOT cure this disease but may improve symptoms for tells analysis, some women.

Some women with endometriosis who have had children continue to have pain. If your pain makes you feel at death of a all disadvantaged compared to other young women or men, this is not normal. Dont normalize your symptoms. People Are Like! If you dont feel like you are equally capable as other young women your age (because of pelvic pain), you need to seek medical treatment. Endometriosis: Pain and Symptom Tracking. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Keeping track of pelvic pain, menstrual cramps, and other symptoms such as pain when you pass urine or when you have a bowel movement is important.

Be sure to write down any symptoms you have, the number from 110 that describes the degree of pain, and death of a, where it is located. If you are taking continuous hormone pills and definition, you do not have periods, you can use the chart to death of a salesman important track any other symptoms, including breakthrough bleeding. Be sure to check out the Sample Pain and people are like sheep, Symptom Tracker and carefully read the keys at the bottom before you start filling out your own tracker. Make a few copies of My Pain and Symptom Tracker. Write the name of the death salesman quotes, month at the top of the page and begin tracking your pain and symptoms. To fill in the bleeding Amount row, look at sen 3 the Blood Flow Amount Key at of a salesman the bottom of the page to psychology figure out salesman quotes which letter (S, L, N, or H) best describes your flow.

Figure out definition which letter best describes the location of death of a salesman important your pain (M, L, or R) by taking a look at the Pelvic Pain Location Key at psychology the bottom of the page. Write it down in the Pelvic Pain Location/Intensity row. Salesman Important Quotes! Then, decide which number best describes your pain (0 = no pain, 10 = the worst pain you have ever had) by looking at the Pelvic Pain Numerical Rating Scale at the bottom of the page. Write that number down in the same row. Example = M/5. If you dont have any pain symptoms or breakthrough bleeding on any given day, just leave the box empty. People! Remember to bring your Pain and of a important quotes, Symptom Tracker with you to your GYN appointments. Sometimes its hard to describe exactly where your pelvic pain is, so we created this special tool to help you map your pain. Pain mapping using colored pencils or markers is a unique way to show your medical team the location of your pain. Simply color in the area where you have pain. Tells Laverne Analysis! You can create your own key using different colors.

For example; you may use the death of a important, color red to symbol show the quotes, location of severe pain, while you may choose the color orange to militancy indicate moderate painits up to you, youre the artist. Weve included a sample pain mapping worksheet to show you an example of how to map your pain. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Even though everyone experiences pain differently, it can be helpful to think of your pain in of a important, two ways: the physical pain you have, and how your pain impacts your life. Your physical pain may include ongoing pelvic pain, painful periods, and less often, bowel and bladder problems. How your pain impacts your life may include challenges such as: isolation from friends due to unexpected bouts of sun yat principles physical pain, not being able to participate in sports or other activities (because of chronic pain and/or fatigue), and anxiety over school work because of absences.

Also, your pain can take a toll on salesman important those who care about you, such as significant others and essays on dancing, family members. This can cause added tension and stress. For all of these reasons and more, you may feel frustrated because your health feels out of your control. Take a moment to identify your physical symptoms and how they impact your life. Stress-relieving techniques: Learning to manage the stress in your life is death of a important important under any circumstances but it is forensic psychology essential when you are living with chronic pain. Death Of A Salesman Important Quotes! Many young women with endometriosis feel overwhelmed with managing both their pain and the various stressors that impact their lives. Here are some examples of ways to essays on dancing manage the stress of chronic pain:

Exercise Sleep 89 hours each night Take naps when you need them Meditate daily Eat 3 healthy meals a day with nutritious snacks in between Do things you enjoy when you feel well Stay in touch with your friends in person, by phone, or online Keep up with your schoolwork (so you dont feel overwhelmed or get behind) Practice yoga Learn when to push yourself and when not to Keep to death of a salesman routines as much as possible Plan ahead with your parents/caregivers for unexpected flairups of pain Talk to a counselor. It is also helpful to have your own personalized list of things to do when you have a pain flareup. Your list can include things such as taking a warm bath or shower, lying down with a heating pad, doing yoga poses, reading a good book, watching a favorite DVD, or listening to music. Managing your pelvic pain at school: Does your endometriosis pain get in the way with your plans to attend school or your ability to sun yat stay for a full day? Does your academic performance and grades sometime suffer due to absences, missed assignments or difficulty keeping focused? Perhaps youve also experienced tension with your family, and/or teachers due to poor school attendance and of a salesman important quotes, performance issues. Dealing with pelvic pain in a school setting can be very stressful, particularly if your teachers and school nurse are not aware of the pain you have to cope with most days. Below are tips to help you manage the forensic psychology symbol, realities of death being a student with chronic pelvic pain. Notice that all of the sheep, tips depend on death of a salesman BEING PREPARED. Know your pain tolerance threshold. Your pain will likely be mild some days, but other days it may be severe.

Use My Pain Symptom Tracker to track your pelvic pain and hazel analysis, any related discomfort you have each month. Talk with your parent(s) or guardian(s) about what you can tolerate in school and what you cannot manage. This is death of a salesman important best done at a painfree time when you are calm and are thinking clearly. Communicate with your close friends about what its like to have endometriosis, so they can understand why you sometimes miss school or activities, and be supportive. Definition! Identify an adult contact person at school. For example, you can ask a school nurse, favorite teacher or class aide to be your point person who you can go to for support. Salesman! Choose someone with whom you feel comfortable sharing your endometriosis history, and who can help and definition militancy, be supportive while you are at school. Death Of A Important Quotes! Share information about endometriosis with your contact person, teachers, school nurse, coaches, and friends.

Those around you are likely to people be more understanding and supportive if they know what endometriosis is, and how it impacts your life. Make a plan for pain at school. Talk with your school nurse and find out if there is death of a a place at school where you can lie down if you are in pain. Listening to relaxing music may also help. Identify a person in psychology symbol, each of your classes (friend or teacher) who will automatically email you the homework assignment if you miss class. Give yourself enough time in death salesman quotes, the morning to get ready for school. You may need to wake up earlier than your friends or siblings to get ready, especially if you are having pain. Do not assume that every day you wake up with pain means that you have to stay home from sun yat principles, school or that the day is lost to pain. Death Salesman Quotes! Try to go to school every day even if you have some pain in the morning: chances are that your pain will get better or go away once you get moving and you are distracted. Definition! If your pain becomes unmanageable, you can get dismissed and go home then.

Maintain a healthy lifestyle. Eat nutritious meals and healthy snacks and get at least 89 hours of sleep every night. Do some kind of physical activity that you enjoy, for death of a salesman, about 60 minutes every day. Activities could include, walking, riding your bike, dancing, playing a sport, etc. Try not to fall behind in sen 3, your schoolwork. Death Of A Salesman Important Quotes! If you need extra help in Hayden Poetry, a class talk with your teacher before your schoolwork piles up. If you have to death salesman important quotes be absent from school for more than a week, find out about having a home tutor. Keep in touch with your friends. Even when you are absent, talk to at least one of your friends every day either on the phone, via text messages, email, or on a social networking site.

You will feel less isolated and people sheep, it will be easier when you return to school. Be proactive. Use the worksheet to quotes make a list of things you can do to forensic personally manage your pelvic pain at school. Write down the ways you feel your endometriosis has affected your school life, and then make a list of the things you will try to do to improve the way you manage your pain at school. Be sure to include strategies that have worked. Managing activities, friendships, and chronic pain: Living with chronic pain can impact all areas of a persons life, even those areas that are typically fun and death of a salesman important quotes, enjoyable. Sen 3! Having pain from endometriosis can sometimes get in the way of being able to do things with your friends both on a daily basis and for quotes, special events. You and others around you (friends, parents, coaches, and teachers) may feel frustrated and discouraged when your pain makes you pass on invitations or when you avoid activities. You may even worry about canceling plans too many times with your friends or not being a good friend. One helpful technique is to anticipate how you may be feeling and how you will deal with unexpected pain in social situations.

Here are some thoughts and advice from girls with endometriosis who try to rule the pain, not let the pain rule their lives: Be in symbol, touch with at least one person outside of your family every day. Organize activities that can be held at your house (such as craft parties, reading groups, boardgame marathons, watching movies) if it is more comfortable to be home. Make sure your close friends, coaches or activity directors understand that your pain is a real medical condition. Educate them with information about endometriosis.

Is there an activity you really want to do but are scared about fulfilling the requirements or keeping the death important, commitment? Many group activities require a wide variety of participants in Essay on Commentary Hayden, many roles. Explore the options with the salesman quotes, group leader, explaining that you want to be involved in a way that you can handle. Plan ahead: Do you have an sun yat principles event coming up that feels more stressful than fun? Go back to of a important your personalized list of things you can do in anticipation of pain. If you do have to cancel with friends or family, or you realize you cannot participate in an activity as planned, try to take it in hazel tells analysis, stride: explain promptly, offer alternative options, and take care of yourself. Your friends, family, and others will respect you more for being honest rather than not showing up without an death of a salesman important explanation. Make a list of things that you love to do, and try to sen 3 principles do one thing each day! Complementary therapies for pain management: Some young women are helped by death important quotes, surgery, some by medication, and some with a combination of both.

Many young women find that adding complementary therapies to traditional treatment helps them manage their pelvic pain more effectively. Yoga involves a series of poses and gentle stretches. There are many different kinds of hazel tells analysis yoga. You can explore yoga classes at your YMCA, health center and death of a salesman important quotes, yoga studios. Many girls find it helpful to take yoga classes. There are also many good DVDs that teach yoga; borrow one from on dancing, your local library. Acupuncture is an salesman quotes Eastern Asian Medicine that involves the tells analysis, insertion of very fine needles into acupuncture points in salesman important quotes, the body. Sen 3 Principles! This is thought to stimulate the.

bodys nervous system to death release certain chemicals in the muscles, spinal cord, and brain, which in turn release other chemicals and hormones in the body that. may help to are like improve pain and other discomforts. Important! Acupuncture may be covered by your health insurance. Massage is are like another complementary practice which some girls with pelvic pain find helpful. There are several kinds of massage therapies available. Often massage treatments are combined with gentle heat.

Endometriosis: Nutrition and Exercise. Posted under Health Guides. Of A! Updated 20 January 2017. Eating a well-balanced diet will keep you healthy. Take a multivitamin if youre not eating foods from all of the food groups. Exercising may help improve your endo symptoms.

If youve been diagnosed with endometriosis, you may be wondering if there is are like anything you can do to feel better besides taking medication. Quotes! Healthy nutrition and exercise play an important role in maintaining overall health. Is there a special diet for essays on dancing, girls with endometriosis? We know that some foods can boost our immune system and protect our bodies from some illnesses and death, diseases. Unfortunately, there has been very little research done to people are like figure out if eating certain foods can help improve endometriosis symptoms.

Although, we do know that young women who eat lots of fruits, vegetables, and healthy fats while limiting their intake of red meat and unhealthy fats are less likely to have endometriosis. Some young women with endometriosis say they feel better when they eat a nutritious diet and some experts believe that eating certain foods can help endometriosis symptoms by reducing inflammation and estrogen levels in the body. Salesman! Even if eating nutritious food doesnt necessarily make your endo symptoms better, there are lots of other benefits to a healthy diet. Consider making changes that can improve your overall health: Eat a high fiber diet that includes plenty of fruits, vegetables, beans, whole grains, and nuts Limit saturated fat by eating mostly plantbased foods, choosing lowfat dairy products, and hazel tells analysis, selecting lean meats Eat more sources of omega3 fats such as fish (salmon, mackerel, herring, and of a salesman important, sardines) , fish oil, canola oil, flaxseeds, walnuts, and pumpkin seeds. How can I make sure I am getting all of the nutrients I need? Eating a balanced diet with lots of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, plantbased protein, lean meats, and healthy fats can help you get all of the vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients you need to keep your immune system and body healthy. Do I need take a vitamin supplement? If you eat three nutritious meals a day and healthy snacks which include a variety of psychology symbol fruits and salesman, vegetables, protein, dairy foods, and whole grains, you are probably getting enough of most vitamins and militancy, minerals through the food you eat.

If you arent getting in death of a salesman, all of your food groups on a regular basis, you may want to consider taking a daily multivitamin so you will get the total amount of analysis nutrients that your body needs. Talk to your health care provider (HCP) to see if you should take a multivitamin or other dietary supplement. Some endometriosis medications work by lowering estrogen levels. If you are on an estrogenlowering medication for more than 6 months, you may be at salesman risk of developing osteoporosis (brittle bones). Ask your health care provider if you should take calcium and definition, vitamin D supplements to help protect your bones. What about death salesman quotes other vitamins and sun yat sen 3 principles, herbs?

You may see ads or stories on the internet, in magazines, and even personal blogs that claim certain vitamins and of a salesman important, herbs help to treat endometriosis. The truth is, there are no published scientific studies that prove that extra supplements improve endometriosis symptoms. It is important to remember that some herbs (such as ginseng) can actually interfere with medications that treat endometriosis because they contain plantestrogen. It is always best to talk with your health care provider first before taking any overthecounter herbs. What information should I pay attention to on food labels? Its always important to pay attention to food labels when grocery shopping. The Nutrition Facts Label is on most foods (except fresh foods such as fruits and vegetables) and has important information including portion size and what vitamins/minerals the food contains. Will exercise make my endometriosis symptoms worse? Probably not. In fact, exercise may actually improve endometriosis symptoms.

Daily exercise (about 60 minutes each day) such as walking, swimming, dancing, or other activities will help you maintain a healthy weight and give you energy. Definition Militancy! Its a good idea to check with your HCP or physical therapist to find out whether its okay to participate in very active sports or other strenuous exercise, and the right about and type of exercise thats best for death salesman important quotes, you. Occasionally, very active exercise such as running and jumping may bring on or increase endometriosis symptoms or other medical conditions. Can exercise improve my endometriosis symptoms? Yes. On Dancing! Here are a few reasons why exercise may help your endometriosis symptoms: Exercise releases endorphins. When we exercise, our brain releases feel good chemicals called endorphins. These naturally occurring hormones work like pain relievers to lower pain.

It only takes about ten minutes of salesman quotes moderate exercise (any exercise that makes you sweat or breathe hard) for forensic psychology symbol, your body to of a salesman start making these chemicals. Exercise improves circulation. Moderate exercise gets our heart pumping and improves the blood flow to our organs. This is important because our blood carries oxygen and sun yat principles, nutrients to important body systems. Death! Regular exercise lowers the amount of symbol estrogen in the body.

Since the death salesman quotes, goal of endometriosis treatment is to lower estrogen levels, regular exercise may help improve endo symptoms. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Planning for college is a time filled with challenges and excitement. College life opens the door to personal growth and independence. It can be difficult, since you may be making decisions on your own for the first time. It can also be exciting, a chance to make new friends, try new activities, learn new things, and set up a home away from home. There are many things to consider when planning for college if you have a chronic illness such as endometriosis.

We hope that the people are like, following information will answer your questions and offer helpful hints. Should I be concerned about my health insurance coverage? Yes. It is important to know exactly what kind of health insurance coverage you have. For example, some insurance policies will only provide coverage until you are 18 or 19 years old. Other policies may continue to provide coverage beyond this age, if you are a fulltime student. Important Quotes! Ask your parents how long you will be covered or contact the insurance company yourself. You should check with the definition, admissions department at death salesman quotes your college if you need to buy an additional student insurance policy while you are a student there.

If you arent covered by your parents insurance while at college, make sure you sign up for hazel tells laverne analysis, a special student insurance policy. How long can I expect to have insurance coverage? (For example, up to what age am I covered? Do I need to be a full time student to receive or get full coverage?) Does the policy cover outofstate emergency services? Does the policy require that I contact the insurance company within a certain amount of time if I use emergency services? Is there a waiting period for certain services? How much is my copay for death salesman, general medical, specialty, and urgent care appointments? What do I need to militancy know about the of a salesman, health services at college? You will need to find out: When the Health Center is open What kind of services are provided Who you can talk to militancy if you have any issues related to your endometriosis How to reach someone if you have concerns or questions If there is a health care provider at the Health Center that has experience in death salesman important quotes, caring for young women with endometriosis. (If so, get the name and number before you need it.)

You should know the location of the closest hospital to your college in essays, the event of an emergency, or if you need more care than your college Health Center can provide. Find out what kind of services are offered, and important quotes, if students are transferred to forensic psychology another hospital if more specialized care is needed. What should I do before I leave for of a, college? Make an forensic psychology appointment with your gynecologist before you leave for death quotes, college. Talk with your gynecologist about your concerns, your symptoms, and what helps to Essay on Robert relieve your pain. Having a plan for when you experience pain or other symptoms will give you control and comfort.

Be sure to have prescriptions filled with enough refills to last until you return to death of a salesman important your doctor for sun yat sen 3 principles, a followup visit. Schedule followup visits with your gynecologist ahead of time so you can be seen during semester breaks. Of A Salesman Quotes! Ask for forensic, a copy of recent operative notes (if you have had surgery for endometriosis) from the hospital where you were treated. Put them in a notebook and bring it with you to college with your important papers and/or ask the Health Center at death important quotes school to keep a copy on file. You will need to request a copy of your medical records from the Medical Records department at the hospital where you had your laparoscopy. You may have to do this in on Robert Hayden Poetry, person, or you may be able to send or fax a letter.

Should I find a gynecologist near my college? If you are going to of a important a college that is far away from home, you may decide that having a local health care provider or a gynecologist is best for you. People Are Like! It is a good idea to schedule an death salesman important appointment with your new gynecologist before you start classes so you can establish a relationship. You can help the on Commentary Hayden, communication among all doctors involved in of a salesman quotes, your care by providing them with a list of all your medical providers, and a brief description of their roles in your health care. Include telephone numbers, fax numbers, addresses, and email contact information, if appropriate. Provide them with copies of any important medical records, including operative notes, a list of medications you are taking, and any side effects or allergic reactions you have had from any medications. Should I talk with my professors about the effect of endometriosis on my life? Some young women find that talking to their professors about their endometriosis is helpful. You may feel awkward at first about approaching your professors. However, most college faculty appreciate students who talk to them early on in the semester if there might be a problem that could potentially affect learning.

If you have difficulty with your courses because of pain from endometriosis, you should speak with your professor(s) again. The longer you wait, the more overwhelmed you may become. Definition Militancy! You dont have to death salesman important quotes give specific information unless you want to. You can simply explain that you have a chronic disease with chronic pain. Since endometriosis affects approximately 5 million women and girls, you may find that your professor is familiar with it. Is there anyone else I should talk to? It can be helpful to have 12 designated people in on dancing, your college Health Center as your liaisons a person to whom you can go to when you need medical assistance and another person who can offer you emotional support. He/she may likely be able to offer guidance if your pain interferes with your academics. What are some ways to salesman deal with my college workload?

Learning to hazel laverne analysis use the course syllabus to your advantage can be helpful in dealing with your college workload. The syllabus lets you know what is expected of you for each class, and salesman important, allows you to plan your course work accordingly. An agenda can help you budget your time and plan ahead so you wont fall behind if you become ill. On Dancing! Taping lectures and then taking notes later from the death of a important, recorded lecture can help if you have trouble concentrating in class. You will need to make time for definition militancy, listening to death important taped lectures sometime after class.

If you cant make it to people are like sheep class, ask a friend to tape the lecture for you. Of A Important Quotes! Most colleges also have resource centers that provide a variety of definition militancy services to help students deal with heavy workloads. Check your college website to of a salesman important see if your school has services for sun yat principles, chronically ill students. Salesman Important Quotes! They may be able to offer help with note taking, extensions on definition tests. or papers, and/or help with special dietary needs. Endometriosis: Hormonal Treatment Overview. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016.

There is no surgical cure for endometriosis, and if it is of a important quotes untreated it will grow, causing pain and are like sheep, lowering your chances of being able to become pregnant in the future. This is why you need to quotes take medication. Treatment is aimed at controlling pain and preventing the sen 3, endometriosis from getting worse. This guide was created to help you understand the different choices of hormonal treatment for endometriosis, as well as the benefits and possible side effects that are most commonly reported. How do I know if hormone treatment is right for me?

Most young women can take hormone medicine, however, if you have certain medical conditions (such as a history of blood clots, high blood pressure, certain kinds of important heart disease, hepatitis, severe migraines with visual changes or numbness over people are like sheep, parts of death important your body, or if you smoke), hormonal therapy may not be an are like option for death of a salesman, you. Tells! Be sure to tell your gynecologist if you have migraine headaches with loss of vision, flashing lights, numbness/tingling, or loss of speech. Also, it is very important to tell your GYN doctor if anyone in of a important, your family has ever had a blood clot or stroke. Hormonal treatment works by temporarily turning off your ovaries so you dont ovulate (make eggs). When you dont ovulate, you dont have regular periods. When you are prescribed hormonal treatment continuously, you will rarely have periods or not have them at all. Definition Militancy! Since periods can cause pain for anyone with endometriosis, stopping them will improve your pain. Hormonal treatment includes the Pill, vaginal ring, an injection (once every 3 months), an of a salesman IUD (which is placed in the uterus) or a hormonal implant that is inserted under the skin in people, your upper arm. Hormonal treatment with combined estrogen and progestin : Oral contraceptive pills (OCPs): contain the hormones estrogen and progesterone. The goal of the treatment is to quotes stop your periods and pain caused from endo. Sun Yat Principles! Teens with endometriosis will take OCPs in a continuous fashion.

The vaginal ring: The vaginal ring is a small, thin, flexible rubber ring that fits inside the vagina. Once in place it releases a combination of estrogen and progestin (hormones). Death Of A Quotes! If you choose this method of hormonal treatment for your endo, you would insert the tells laverne analysis, ring and leave it in place for 3 weeks. You would then take it out and replace it with a new one right away. (If you are sexually active, neither you nor your partner will be able to feel the ring when it is death of a salesman inserted properly.) Combined estrogen and progestin hormonal therapy may decrease, and in some cases stop endo pain. Most girls will only sen 3 principles, have 04 periods a year. Some young women prefer using the vaginal ring or patch because they dont need to remember to take it every day. Spotting or breakthrough bleeding can last for a few days until your body gets used to the medicine, or as long as you are taking it. Some girls may have heavier bleeding or a regular period. Breast tenderness, mood swings, headaches, nausea, cramps, bloating, and/or weight gain. Of A Quotes! There is some concern that the patch may release a higher dose of tells laverne hormones than the death of a important, pill, which can increase the are like sheep, risk of blood clots and/or stroke.

Some girls who use the hormone patch may have skin irritation where the death salesman quotes, patch is worn. Some girls who use the vaginal ring may have vaginal irritation. Some girls may not have relief from forensic symbol, their endometriosis pain. Progesterone-only hormonal treatment: Norethindrone acetate : Aygestin (Norethindrone acetate) is a pill that contains only progesterone.

It is death of a salesman a type of hormone medicine that is often prescribed for hazel laverne, patients that cannot take estrogen. The dosage is 510mg per of a salesman important day. Medroxyprogesterone Acetate (DepoProvera): Medroxyprogesterone acetate is essays on dancing another type of medication that only contains the death salesman, hormone progesterone. It is an injection that is forensic psychology symbol given once every 3 months by a nurse or your primary health care provider. Death Of A Important! Medroxyprogesterone acetate will temporarily stop your menstrual cycle. IUD or Mirena : is a type of intrauterine device that contains ONLY progestin. On Robert Hayden! The IUD is quotes most often prescribed with combination OCPs (oral contraceptive pills) to reduce the militancy, size of lesions caused from endometriosis and lessen the death of a salesman, amount of bleeding. Implants : Hormonal implants such as Nexplanon come in the shape of essays a tiny tube that is death of a important quotes placed under the skin in the upper arm.

The implant prevents pregnancy and reduces the size of sen 3 lesions caused from endometriosis. It is salesman effective for 3 years. The implant is about the size of laverne analysis a toothpick and important, made of a flexible plastic that contains a type of symbol progestin hormone medicine called etonogestrel. Progesteroneonly hormone therapy can be effective in treating symptoms of endometriosis. The Mirena IUD lasts up to 5 years. The IUD plus oral contraceptive pills can lessen bleeding and pain from endo. The Nexplanon Implant lasts for 3 years. Spotting or breakthrough bleeding can last for a few days until your body gets used to the medicine, or as long as you are taking it Bleeding or a regular period Breast tenderness, nausea, bloating, weight gain, and/or hair thinning Headaches, mood swings including depression, nervousness Bone density loss and increased risk of osteoporosis (thinning of death important quotes your bones) when taken for symbol, a long time Some girls may not have relief from their endometriosis pain. Hormonal treatment with GnRH agonists (gonadotropin releasing hormone agonists) and AddBack: The combination of GnRH agonists and hormonal addback therapy is usually prescribed when other hormonal medicine does not work in relieving endo pain. The goal of death salesman quotes GnRH agonists and addback therapy is to stop the sun yat sen 3 principles, endometriosis from growing and quotes, lower the side effects of GnRH therapy alone.

Addback therapy can be a small amount of progesterone, or a combination of estrogen and progesterone. GnRH agonists work by definition militancy, temporarily turning off your pituitary gland, which stops your ovaries from making estrogen and progesterone (so you wont have a period). Since all of the death of a salesman, GnRH agonists lower estrogen levels, the possible side effects for all of the medicines in definition militancy, this group are the same symptoms that women often have during menopause. However, the addback therapy that your gynecologist also prescribes will help lessen possible side effects. Leuprolide Acetate (LupronDepot): Leuprolide acetate is salesman important one type of GnRH agonist that is given as an intramuscular (in the definition, muscle) injection (shot).

It can be given either once a month or once every 3 months. Of A Salesman Important Quotes! Our GYN team prefers that you get the injection once every 3 months so you dont have to come in for forensic, appointments every month. Please make sure that the salesman important quotes, shot comes in the 3 month form (blue box). Nafarelin Acetate: Nafarelin acetate (Synarel) is another type of GnRH agonist that comes in the form of a nasal spray. Are Like Sheep! The recommended dose is one puff in one nostril in the morning, then another puff in the other nostril at nighttime, however dosages are sometimes adjusted. Low levels of quotes estrogen cause your period to stop and Poetry, endometriosis from growing. Low levels of death of a salesman important estrogen stop endo from growing so your fertility is preserved. Bone density loss and higher risk of osteoporosis (thinning of psychology your bones) when taken without addback therapy. Side effects may include hot flashes, mood swings, vaginal dryness, bone and death of a salesman important, joint aches, hair loss, lack of symbol interest in sex, and possible shortterm memory loss.

In many cases, teens and women may be able to of a important stay on this treatment longer than six months as long as their bone density is are like checked and is normal. Some girls may not have relief from their endometriosis pain. Endometriosis: Continuous Hormonal Pills (OCPs) Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Combination hormonal treatment is very effective for treating endometriosis. Hormonal treatment doesnt cure endometriosis, but it may help with controlling pain by stopping your periods and of a salesman, preventing endometriosis from getting worse. Sun Yat! Hormonal treatment, also known as oral contraceptives or birth control pills are used for many reasons other than to prevent pregnancy. Hormonal pills contain the hormones estrogen and progestin, which are similar to of a salesman quotes the hormones that are normally made by the ovaries. There is also another type of pill that contains only one hormone (progestin), and is called either the Essay on Commentary on Robert, progestinonly pill, or the minipill.

Are there different kinds of salesman quotes hormonal pills? Yes. There are many different hormonal pills that come in a lot of militancy different packages. The shapes and colors of the packages may be different but there are just two categories of pills: combined estrogen and progesterone pills (these have both estrogen and progesterone hormone medicine in them), and progestinonly pills that contain just progesterone. Hormonal pills come in a 21day pill pack or a 23, 24, or 28day pill pack. Salesman Important Quotes! The most common pill packs are the 21day pack which contain all hormone pills and the 28day pack contains 3 weeks of militancy hormone pills and 1 week of inactive (placebo) pills. How do I know if hormonal pills are right for me? Not everyone should take hormonal pills. Death Salesman Important Quotes! You will be asked questions about your medical history, such as whether you or anyone in your family has a history of on Commentary Poetry blood clots. In addition, you wont be given estrogen pills if you have certain types of migraine headaches.

There are different doses of hormones in of a salesman, different hormonal pills. Your gynecologist may prescribe a progestinonly pill if there is a medical reason why you should not take estrogen. Please tell your GYN team if you have migraine headaches or a family history of blood clots or strokes. Are there other medical benefits of taking hormonal pills? Yes. If you are taking hormonal pills continuously (no inactive pills) then you probably wont have a period. Hormonal pills also lower your chance of getting endometrial (lining of the uterus) cancer and ovarian cancer, ovarian cysts, certain breast lumps, and may protect you from osteoporosis. Symbol! Hormonal treatment may also improve acne. What is the death salesman quotes, difference between active and inactive hormonal pills?

Active pills contain hormone medicine. If your pill pack is in tells analysis, the shape of a rectangle, the pills will be in 4 rows (7 pills in each row). The active pills are in the first 3 rows of death of a salesman important quotes your pill pack. The inactive pills are in the last row of the forensic psychology, 28day pill pack and DO NOT contain hormone medicine. If your pill pack is round, the pills will be in a circle. Death Of A Important! The active pills are the first 21 pills and hazel, the last 7 pills are the inactive ones, and are usually a different color. If you are using a 21day pill pack, all the pills are active. When you are on salesman continuous hormonal treatment for endometriosis, you will take an active pill every day in a continuous pattern. What does cyclic use and continuous use mean? Cyclic use means taking all the pills in the 28day pack (21 active pills plus 7 inactive pills), then starting the next pack.

This method results in periods and definition, is not routinely used for the treatment of endometriosis. Continuous use means taking active hormone pills every day without a break. If you are using the 28day pill pack, you will take 1 active pill a day for 3 weeks (3 complete rows) and then start your next pill pack. You will not take the last row of inactive pills; throw them away. If you are prescribed the death of a salesman quotes, 21day pill pack, finish the are like sheep, entire pack (3 rows) and of a salesman important quotes, then start your next pill pack the people, next day. Salesman! Do not skip any days between pill packs. Most likely you will not have a period while you are taking the militancy, pill continuously, but some girls may have breakthrough bleeding. Having up to four periods a year is considered normal on this method. What are the side effects of hormonal pills?

Most women and teens have no side effects when taking hormonal pills, but some may experience mild side effects. Death Of A Salesman Important Quotes! Each type of hormonal pill can affect each woman or teen differently. Spotting: Breakthrough bleeding between periods may occur while taking the first three weeks of hormone pills, but this is not serious. This usually happens during the first two or three cycles. Definition! You should call the GYN team if the death salesman, bleeding is heavier than a light flow, or lasts more than a few days.

It is very important that you take your hormone pills at exactly the same time to psychology keep your hormone levels in balance. This will lower the important, chance of having breakthrough bleeding. Nausea: You may feel queasy or nauseous at people times, but this may go away if you take the Pill with a meal or a snack. If the nausea doesnt go away, your gynecologist may prescribe a pill with less estrogen. Headaches: Some teens may get mild headaches when they start taking hormonal treatment. Although headaches usually happen because of death of a important quotes stress or other reasons, be sure to let your GYN team know if the headaches are severe or if they continue. Mood changes: Mood changes or mood swings can happen when taking hormonal treatment. Exercise and a healthy diet may help, but if they dont, you may need to change the type of pill you are taking. Acne: Usually hormonal treatment helps cure acne, but some teens may get acne from a particular pill.

Weight: Some teens gain weight, some lose weight, but most teens stay exactly the same when they are taking the hormonal treatment. Other side effects: Your breasts may feel tender or swollen, your appetite may increase, and/or you might feel bloated. Most often, side effects go away within the hazel, first 3 to of a salesman 4 months of taking the are like sheep, hormonal pill. If the side effects are severe or if they dont go away after three cycles, your gynecologist may switch you to a different hormonal pill or talk to you about other types of death of a salesman quotes hormonal treatments for your endometriosis. Are there serious side effects I should watch out for while taking the hormonal pill?

Most young women who take hormonal pills have few or no problems. Hazel Tells Laverne Analysis! However, if you have any of the following problems, go to salesman the closest emergency room right away. Abdominal pain (severe) Chest pain (severe), cough, shortness of hazel tells laverne breath Headache (severe), dizziness, weakness, or numbness Eye problems (vision loss or blurring), speech problems Severe leg pain (calf or thigh) Endometriosis: How To Take Continuous Oral Contraceptive Pills. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Taking the Pill continuously means that you will take one active pill (containing the female hormones estrogen and progesterone) every day without a break. This will help keep the lining of death salesman important quotes your uterus very thin. You will not take any placebo (inactive) pills and you will not have a regular monthly period.

You may have some irregular spotting or bleeding as your body gets used to this new medicine, especially in the first six months. To take the oral contraceptive pill, follow the instructions on the package. Your GYN team will also explain how to use your pill pack. People Are Like Sheep! You will be told to start taking the oral contraceptive pill on a Sunday, on death of a the first day of your menstrual period, or on the day of your appointment with your gynecologist. You should take 1 oral contraceptive pill at the same time each day until you finish the definition militancy, pack. The best time is ? an salesman hour after a full meal. You may feel mildly nauseous during the first month, but this usually goes away. After completing a 21day pack, you should immediately start a new package of pills the people are like, next day. Do I need to take the death salesman important, hormonal pills at forensic symbol the same time every day? Yes.

Take the hormonal pill at exactly the of a important quotes, same time (or close to the same time) everyday. A good time to sun yat sen 3 principles take the Pill is at death of a 6, 7, or 8pm every evening. It is hazel analysis not a good idea to of a take the Pill when you wake up or before going to sleep, as those times will vary on laverne school nights and weekends. What if I forget to take one or more hormonal pills? If you miss 1 or 2 active (hormone) pills in death salesman, a row, take the on Robert, pill(s) as soon as possible and then continue taking 1 pill each day. You may take 2 pills on death salesman important the same day (one at the moment you remember and the other at the regular time) or even 2 at tells analysis the same time. If you miss 3 or more active (hormone) pills in a row, take the Pill as soon as possible and then continue taking 1 Pill each day. If you missed the pills in the third week, finish all the active hormone pills in important, your current pack, and then start a new pack of pills. If you are sexually active and missed 3 pills, use condoms or do not have sex until you have taken active (hormone) pills for 7 days in a row. If you are sexually active and have missed more than 2 pills, talk to people are like your GYN team about whether you should use emergency contraception. Note: If you are taking very low dose pills with just 20ug of ethinyl estradiol and miss 2 pills, you should follow the instructions for missing 3 or more pills.

You may have breakthrough bleeding (spotting) if you forget to take your pill on time; some womens bodies are so sensitive that they will bleed if they take their pill just 30 minutes late. If you miss pills you may get an death salesman important extra menstrual period. What if Im not happy with the tells laverne analysis, hormonal pills that Im taking? If you are not happy with the hormonal pills that you are taking and of a important, the effects they have on your body, talk to your GYN team. Dont just give up and stop taking the pills. On Dancing! Most likely your gynecologist will be able to give you a prescription for a different type of hormonal pill or another type of hormone medicine. There are many types of hormonal pills and they affect people differently. You may like some, but not others. You may need to try a few different types before you find the of a, pill that works best for you.

Endometriosis: Progesterone-Only Treatment. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. If you are unable to take estrogen or if you do not respond to combination (estrogen and progesterone) pills, your gynecologist may prescribe either Norethindrone acetate (Aygestin, NorQD, or Camilla) or Medroxyprogesterone acetate (DepoProvera), different kinds of progesteroneonly hormone medicine. These medicines stop your body from ovulating and your endometriosis from growing. Most teens will not have a period. Taking synthetic (manmade) progesterone medication in this form is very similar to the natural progesterone that is made by hazel tells analysis, your body during pregnancy.

Are there any reasons why I wouldnt be able to take Progesteroneonly hormone therapy? Tell your GYN team if you have epilepsy (seizures), migraines, asthma, heart, or kidney problems. You should not take any kind of progesterone if you are pregnant; have cancer, unexplained vaginal bleeding or severe liver disease. You should also tell the team if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol or you have been diagnosed with depression in death of a quotes, the past. Most teens and young women have little or no side effects while taking progesteroneonly medication. Possible side effects can include breakthrough bleeding or spotting, changes in weight, acne, breast enlargement, feeling bloated, headache/migraines, nausea or vomiting, and possible decrease in bone density (thinning of the bones). Hormone medications can affect people differently. Some teens will have very irregular bleeding while taking progesteroneonly hormone therapy, especially during the first 6 months of treatment. Forensic! Breakthrough bleeding is less common the longer you are on death important hormonal therapy.

How is Norethindrone acetate taken? Norethindrone acetate (Aygestin) is a pill that you swallow. Starting Aygestin: Take 1-2 (5mg) tablet at on Robert the same time every day as prescribed by of a important quotes, your health care provider. Sheep! At Boston Childrens Hospital, we currently recommend that you do not take more than 10 mg of Aygestin /day. These progesteroneonly medications come in a pill pack like regular birth control pills.

There are 28 active hormone pills in each pack. How is Medroxyprogesterone acetate given? Medroxyprogesterone acetate (DepoProvera) is an injection that is given in a muscle (in the buttocks, arm or thigh) every 3 months. The first shot is salesman important usually given within the first 5 days of people are like sheep your menstrual cycle (during your period). If you are sexually active, a routine urine pregnancy test will be done first.

The next shot needs to be scheduled within 1113 weeks. Endometriosis: Leuprolide Acetate Instructions. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. If your gynecologist has prescribed Leuprolide acetate (Lupron Depot) to treat your endometriosis, please read the following important information. Leuprolide acetate (3 month formulation) is an injection (shot) that is given in salesman important quotes, the buttocks, arm or thigh every 3 months (12 weeks). You may receive your injection 1 week before or after you are due to get it.

If more than 1 week has passed since your last injection, you will need to have a urine pregnancy test done. If it is negative, schedule an people appointment to salesman important get your next injection in 10 days. Hazel Tells Laverne! Depending on your health insurance coverage, you may be required to order your medicine by mail. Death Important Quotes! You will then need to bring it (and the box it came in) with you to your health care providers office. Addback therapy is definition militancy Norethindrone acetate (Aygestin) or Medroxyprogesterone acetate (Prempro).

It must be taken at the same time each day. Oral contraceptive pills: If you are on oral contraceptive pills, continue the salesman important, Pill for 3 weeks after your first injection. On the day you stop the Pill you will begin taking the hazel analysis, addback medication. Calcium supplements: While on quotes Leuprolide acetate, it is definition important that you take a calcium supplement, as your body needs 1300 mg of calcium every day. Eating and drinking foods that are high in calcium is also important. Vitamin D: It is important quotes recommended that teens take 600 IUs (international units) of vitamin D every day. Vitamin D is a pill that can be taken with calcium. Your first period on principles Leuprolide acetate: Please be aware that you may have a heavy and painful period during the salesman quotes, first 46 weeks after your first Lupron Depot shot. After that, you will probably not have anymore vaginal bleeding as long as you take the addback therapy at psychology the same time each day. Death Salesman Important! Appointments to get your followup injection: Make sure you make your appointment on a day that your gynecologist sees patients. 6 month followup visit: After 68 months on Leuprolide acetate and addback, you and your gynecologist will talk about whether or not you can continue on the medicine.

If you do continue, you will be scheduled for a DXA Scan. DXA Scan: Be sure to schedule your DXA before your 9 month Lupron Depot shot. Your gynecologist will need to review the tells laverne analysis, results before you can have your next shot. A followup DXA will be done every 12 years as needed. Improvement in death of a important quotes, pain: It usually takes about 23 months to definition see an improvement in death of a important quotes, symptoms (while on Leuprolide acetate and addback therapy). Questions Concerns: If you have any concerns about essays your treatment, call your health care providers office. Endometriosis: Leuprolide Acetate With AddBack. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Leuprolide acetate (Lupron Depot) is a type of gonadotropinreleasing hormone agonist (GnRH agonist) medicine.

GnRH agonist medications help to lower pelvic pain caused by of a quotes, endometriosis. Addback therapy is the addition of a small amount of the hormones estrogen and progesterone or progesterone alone. You must take addback therapy if you are prescribed Leuprolide acetate). This medication works by shutting off hormones made by your ovaries, so your estrogen (one of the hormones that cause your body to have periods) level is lowered. After your first injection (shot), your estrogen level will rise before it goes down. This is called an estrogen surge. Because of this rise in essays, estrogen, you may have an death of a quotes increase in psychology symbol, your symptoms for a few weeks. After the estrogen surge, your estrogen levels will go down. This temporarily stops your period.

When you do not have periods, endometriosis symptoms are usually relieved. Leuprolide acetate is an salesman quotes injection. It is very important to get your injection on Essay on Commentary on Robert time. Missed doses can cause breakthrough bleeding and the return of of a quotes pain. How long can I take Leuprolide acetate with addback ? Leuprolide acetate alone is usually prescribed for 6 months (1 shot every 3 months). However, when you take it with addback, you can almost always stay on it longer.

After a few months of treatment you will have an appointment with your gynecologist to see if the medicine is helping you. This appointment also gives your doctor a chance to ask you about your pelvic pain and any other symptoms you may be having. If your symptoms are better, he may suggest that you continue taking the medicine. What are the on Commentary Hayden, side effects of taking Leuprolide acetate? Taking Leuprolide acetate alone lowers the estrogen level in the body, which typically causes side effects similar to menopause. These side effects may include: hot flashes, vaginal dryness, decreased interest in sex, moodiness, headaches, spotting, and change in bone density. Of A Important! However, with the on Commentary on Robert Hayden, addition of addback therapy, you will most likely NOT experience these side effects. If you do have symptoms, they are generally mild. Addback is of a a pill that contains a small amount of symbol estrogen and death of a important quotes, progesterone, or progesteroneonly that is taken every day. Since hormones are important to keep your bones healthy, low levels of hormones can lower your bone density putting you at risk for osteoporosis (thinning of on dancing your bones). The goal of addback therapy is to of a quotes give your body back just enough hormone(s) to protect your bones and control any unwanted side effects such as hot flashes and vaginal dryness that are common when taking Leuprolide acetate alone.

Your gynecologist will decide on how much addback medicine you will need, and give you a prescription. Addback is either: Aygestin 5mg/daily, or Prempro 0.625/2.5mg/daily. When do the hazel tells laverne, effects of Leuprolide acetate go away? The effects of salesman quotes Leuprolide acetate will decrease after you stop taking the on dancing, medicine. If youve been getting Lupron every 3 months, your period will usually return within 4 to important 8 months after your last shot. Essays On Dancing! If youve been getting Lupron Depot every month, your period will likely return 68 weeks after your last shot. Bone density loss may be partially or completely recovered. This means that your bones may or may not be as solid as they were before you started the of a salesman important quotes, medicine. Can I take Leuprolide acetate forever? Research has shown that long term use of Leuprolide acetate alone can cause bone density loss. Bone density loss is essays on dancing a big concern especially if you have a family history of osteoporosis.

Osteoporosis causes your bones to become fragile and of a salesman important quotes, break more easily. Addback therapy can help prevent loss of bone density, which may allow you to stay on the medicine longer. Bone density is sen 3 principles a measurement of how solid and strong your bones are. Bones need to be strong and solid so they do not break easily. Your teenage and young adult years are important for bone development. Weak bones during the teenage years may negatively impact your bone health later in life. Your bones need lots of important quotes nutrients, especially calcium and vitamin D. It is essays on dancing also important to eat a wellbalanced diet and include foods high in calcium. When will I be scheduled for a bone density test? After you have been on death of a salesman important quotes Leuprolide acetate for essays, approximately 6-8 months, your gynecologist will order a bone density scan (DXA test). This is death important quotes a simple test that measures how dense (or thick) your bones are and if your bones are thinning.

If the DXA scan is normal and you continue on essays the medicine, you will need to repeat the DXA test every 1-2 years. What can I do to death salesman prevent bone loss? You will likely be told to take calcium and sen 3 principles, vitamin D supplements. Calcium works to death important build and maintain bone density. Vitamin D improves the absorption of calcium. Definition Militancy! Make sure to divide your daily dose of calcium if taking more than 500mg.

Your body can only absorb so much at once. Can I get pregnant when I am on Leuprolide acetate? Although this medication works by preventing ovulation (stops you from death, making eggs), there is a rare chance that you could become pregnant if you have unprotected sex. On Dancing! Thus, it is important to use a nonhormonal birth control method such as condoms while on this medication. The long term effects to of a important an unborn baby whose mother was on Leuprolide acetate at essays the time of conception are unknown at death salesman important this time, but it does not appear to cause birth defects. Endometriosis: Synarel (Naferelin acetate) General Info. Posted under Health Guides. Hazel Tells Analysis! Updated 29 August 2016. Nafarelin acetate is the death salesman important quotes, generic name for Synarel, a medicine that is used to definition militancy treat endometriosis. It is a type of gonatropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH agonist) medicine. GnRH agonist medicines help to salesman lessen pelvic pain caused by endometriosis.

Synarel works by people sheep, shutting off hormones made by the ovaries, so estrogen (one of the hormones that cause your body to have periods) is lowered. When you do not have periods, endometriosis symptoms usually decrease or go away completely. Synarel is death salesman quotes a nasal spray that is typically prescribed as: 1 or 2 sprays in principles, one nostril in the morning and 1or 2 sprays (in the other nostril) in of a important, the evening (about 12 hours apart). Forensic! It is very important to take Synarel at the same times every day without missing any doses. Are there any reasons that I shouldnt take Synarel? You have an allergy to Synarel (Nafarelin acetate) or any part of the medicine. Its always important to tell your health care provider if you are allergic to any medicines. You have vaginal bleeding and the cause is unknown You are pregnant and/or breast-feeding. *Make sure you tell your health care provider about all of the medicines you take including over-the-counter herbs and supplements.

Before starting Synarel you should: Have a pregnancy test (if you are having sex) Talk to important quotes your health care provider (HCP) about whether you are at a higher risk for bone density problems (how solid and strong your bones are) and whether you need to have a bone density test before you start the forensic psychology symbol, medicine. Know that it usually takes a few cycles to see an improvement in symptoms. What are the possible side effects of Synarel? All medications can cause side effects. Some people have mild side effects; most people have no side effects. Death Of A Salesman Quotes! Call your health care provider if your side effects bother you a lot or they dont go away.

Taking Synarel alone (without add-back) lowers the estrogen level in your body, which typically causes side effects that are similar to menopause . These side effects may include: hot flashes or feeling warm-hot with flushing of the skin moodiness decreased interest in sex acne vaginal dryness headache. Nasal irritation and/or a runny nose are also possible. Serious side effects are rare. Other uncommon side effects that you should tell your health care provider about include: inflammation/irritation of your nose rash pain in on Commentary Poetry, your belly area heavy vaginal bleeding vaginal spotting/bleeding for more than 2 months sadness or symptoms of depression that lasts longer than 2 weeks trouble with remembering things. Store it upright, in a dry place (not in the bathroom) NEVER keep Synarel in the refrigerator or freezer Protect it from direct sunlight Keep it away from young children and death of a salesman important, pets. Synarel is usually tolerated well however sometimes some young women may have mild to sun yat principles severe reactions. If your symptoms do not get better or they get worse, call your health care provider. Endometriosis: Synarel (Nafarelin) How to Use It. Posted under Health Guides.

Updated 29 August 2016. Synarel is a medicine in death important quotes, the form of a nasal spray that is sun yat principles used to death of a quotes treat endometriosis. It is very important that it is taken at the same time every day and essays on dancing, it is used properly. a. Remove the white plastic safety clip from the neck of the bottle. Death Salesman Quotes! (Do NOT throw it away) b. Remove the cap from the nozzle tip. (Do NOT throw it away) c. Hold the bottle straight so that the nozzle is on top. d. Put two fingers (index and middle fingers) on the side of the nozzle (see photo). Your thumb should rest on the bottom of the bottle.

e. Press down evenly and firmly with your index and middle fingers. Do this 7-10 times until you see a fine mist. f. Stop when you see the hazel, fine mist. Death Salesman Quotes! The medicine/pump is now #x201C;primed#x201D;. g. On Dancing! You only need to important quotes prime the bottle when you open it for Essay on Commentary on Robert Hayden, the first time. Follow these directions EVERY time you take your medicine (Synarel) Images used with permission from Pfizer. Endometriosis: Frequently Asked Questions. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016.

Why do I need to have surgery and medicine for my endo? Endometriosis can only be diagnosed by of a salesman important, laparoscopy. Definition! At the time of a laparoscopy, great care is taken to death salesman destroy any visible endo lesions (also called implants) and essays, any adhesions. Some endometriosis isnt visible, yet it responds well to medication. Thats why we combine medical and surgical therapy to treat this unpredictable disease. A study done at death of a salesman important Boston Childrens Hospital strongly suggests that combined surgical and definition, medical management stops endometriosis from getting worse. This helps to preserve your fertility. Will I ever need another laparoscopy?

Most girls will not require any more laparoscopic procedures in of a important quotes, the future, but some may. This depends on are like many factors, such as when your last procedure was, if you are having a problem with pain control while taking medication, and if your gynecologist feels it is necessary to check to see if your endometriosis has grown. If your endometriosis has grown, the lesions will be removed and/or destroyed. The goal is to lower your pain and preserve your fertility. Will I need to of a salesman important quotes have my uterus removed? You will NOT need to have your uterus removed (hysterectomy). All treatment will be aimed at relieving your pain and preserving your ability to have children some day. Not being able to get pregnant (infertility) can result if endometriosis causes changes in essays on dancing, your pelvic organs, including your fallopian tubes and ovaries. Of A Important! With early treatment, endometriosis should not interfere with your ability to become pregnant (when you are ready).

Other factors besides endometriosis (such as STIs) can affect your fertility. Its important to take good care of your reproductive health by always practicing safe sex. Should I get pregnant soon to cure my endo? You may have heard that pregnancy cures endometriosis. This is people a myth. There is no cure for endometriosis. Death Of A Important! Some women may have little or no endorelated pain during pregnancy, while others will experience pain. On Dancing! Becoming a parent is a big decision and of a important quotes, should never be used as a treatment for endo. How long do I need to definition militancy be followed for of a salesman important quotes, my endo? Endometriosis is a chronic condition that requires longterm medical treatment and followup, especially during your childbearing years. Many factors affect how often you will need to be seen by your medical team, such as whether or not you are responding to the treatment.

Since there is no cure for endometriosis, you will need to be on sen 3 principles medication. Therefore, you will need to death important quotes be checked and have your prescriptions refilled. For example: if your gynecologist gives you a prescription for on Commentary, medication to stop your period, you will need to death important schedule a followup appointment in approximately 3 months. During this visit, he/she will meet with you and ask you if the medication is working to stop your periods and pain. If you are feeling well and your blood pressure is normal, you will be given a prescription for on Commentary on Robert Hayden Poetry, more refills.

If you are on Leuprolide acetate (Lupron Depot) you will need to return for your shot every 3 months while you are on this treatment. If you have any problems or need questions answered in of a salesman quotes, the meantime, you should contact your GYN team. Should my sisters and on Commentary Hayden Poetry, other family members get checked? Women are more likely to develop endometriosis if a close female relative from of a quotes, their mom or dads side has it. Forensic Psychology! Likewise, if you have been diagnosed with endometriosis, and salesman important quotes, someone in your family (such as your sister, or cousin) has painful periods and pelvic pain at other times during her menstrual cycle that interfere with school and symbol, social activities, it is a good idea to suggest that they get evaluated. They can make an important quotes appointment with a pediatric adolescent gynecologist who has experience treating teens with endometriosis. Endometriosis: Frequently Asked Questions About The Oral Contraceptive Pill. Posted under Health Guides. Symbol! Updated 29 August 2016. Do I need a pelvic exam before going on quotes the oral contraceptive pill?

No. Although it is important for teens to have checkups as part of their general health care, a pelvic exam is not needed for girls with endometriosis in order to start oral contraceptive pills. Will I have trouble getting pregnant after using the oral contraceptive pill? There is no change in fertility with the use of the oral contraceptive pill. However, if your period was irregular before you started taking the Pill, it is sen 3 principles likely that your periods will be irregular again when you stop taking it. Does the oral contraceptive pill cause birth defects? No. Death Of A Important! The Pill does not cause birth defects nor does it affect the health of future children. Does the oral contraceptive pill cause cancer?

No. The Pill actually protects against cancer of the ovaries and cancer of the lining of the uterus. A woman is half as likely to get cancer of the uterus or ovaries if she takes the forensic symbol, Pill. Most experts believe that taking oral contraceptive pills does not cause any increased risk of developing breast cancer. Even girls with a family history of breast cancer can take the Pill. How long can I be on oral contraceptives? It is safe for you to be on the Pill for of a salesman quotes, years, whether to regulate your menstrual cycle, treat your cramps, as hormone replacement, or birth control. It is important to be on hormonal treatment for endometriosis until you are ready to become pregnant, so that the disease does not progress. Do I need to essays take a break from the Pill? There is no medical reason that you need to take a break from the Pill. When you are on the Pill continuously, the lining of your uterus does not build up.

Therefore, you dont get your period and there is no blood. You will likely have spotting or bleeding if you take your pill late, or you forget to take it. Can I smoke if Im taking the Pill? It is death of a salesman quotes NOT safe for you to smoke and sun yat sen 3 principles, take oral contraceptives. Smoking dramatically increases your risk for heart disease (including blood clots and stroke). The more you smoke, the higher the risk.

What if I am also using the oral contraceptive pill for birth control? If you are also taking the death of a, oral contraceptive pill for birth control, you should know that oral contraceptive pills do not protect you from essays, sexually transmitted diseases. Death Salesman Quotes! Condoms help to prevent most sexually transmitted diseases, and they are also an important backup method of birth control if you miss more than one Pill in a row, or if you are sick and throwing up. All of these factors can lower the effectiveness of the Pill. Definition Militancy! Whenever you get a new medication, ask if it changes the effectiveness of your oral contraceptive pill. What if I forget to take 2 or more combined oral contraceptive pills and Im sexually active? If you have had intercourse during the time you missed your pills (and you dont use condoms), talk to your GYN team about whether you should use emergency contraception. If you are 15 or older, you can buy Plan B without a prescription. If you are under 15, you will need a prescription from your health care provider.

How do I talk to my parents about taking the Pill? If you are taking hormonal pills for the treatment of endometriosis, your parents may have some worries about you taking a pill that is also called the quotes, birth control pill. Its best to talk openly with them about sun yat principles how the Pill will stop your periods and of a important quotes, help lower your pelvic pain and other discomforts you may have. If your parents have concerns, have them read our health guide Birth Control Pills: A Guide for Parents. How do I talk to my friends about taking the Pill? You may not want to essays on dancing tell your friends that you are taking hormonal pills for the treatment of endometriosis.

Your best friend today may not be your best friend tomorrow, and sometimes friends can say or do things that hurt your feelings. Since hormonal pills are also used as a type of birth control, someone hearing that you are taking the Pill may assume its because you are having sex. When it comes down to it, you really dont have to tell anyone except your GYN team about death quotes your medical treatment. Although there is nothing to feel embarrassed about, its often a good idea that you keep your pill a private matter. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Active Hormone Pill : An oral contraceptive pill that contains estrogen, progesterone, or both. AddBack Therapy : Hormonal therapy prescribed to psychology help females with the side effects of death of a salesman important quotes a class of medicine called GnRH agonists. Bladder : The organ that collects and stores urine. Bone Density : How solid and forensic symbol, strong your bones are. Break-through Bleeding : Light vaginal bleeding or spotting that can happen during the first month on oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) or when switching to another kind of OCP, or when a pill is missed or late.

Most often the bleeding is very light but sometimes it can be similar to a regular period. Chronic : A condition that continues for a long time. Endometrial Cells : Cells from the salesman important quotes, lining of the uterus. Endometrial Lesions (Implants) : Tissue from the lining of the on dancing, uterus that sticks and grows outside of its normal location. Endometrial Tissue : Tissue from the death of a quotes, lining of the essays, uterus. Endometriosis : A condition that occurs when tissue similar to the lining of the uterus is found outside its normal location. Estrogen : A female sex hormone. GnRH Agonist (GnRH-a) : A category of medicine used to treat certain medical conditions such as endometriosis.

This medicine works by lowering the death important quotes, bodys level of the on Robert Hayden, hormone estrogen. Gynecologist : A doctor with additional medical and of a quotes, surgical training in the area of definition militancy womens health. Hormone : A chemical messenger that is death important released by an organ or gland and then sent through the bloodstream to another part of the body. Hormonal Medicine : Oral contraceptive pills (also known as birth control pills) that contain estrogen, progesterone, or both. Immune System : The system in your body that protects against disease, infection, and foreign substances. Inactive Hormone Pill : The last row (or week) of pills that are in symbol, a 28day oral contraceptive pill pack. They are sometimes called sugar pills or placebos because they do not contain medicine, so they are considered inactive.

Laparoscopy : A surgical procedure, generally done as a day surgery procedure under general anesthesia. A small incision is death of a salesman important made near the navel, and on dancing, a lighted, thin tube is inserted to view the pelvic organs. Menstruation : The release of blood from the uterus. Menstrual Cramps : Pain in death quotes, the lower abdomen (belly) during a period. Nausea : Feeling like you are going to throw up. Omega3 Fatty Acids : Omega3 fat is a heart healthy type of fat that your body needs. Omega3 fatty acids are found in some fish (such as salmon), some nuts (such as walnuts), and people are like sheep, some oils (such as flaxseed oil). Organic Foods : Organic produce is grown without the use of pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, sewage sludge, genetically modified organisms, or ionizing radiation. Animals that produce meat, poultry, eggs, and dairy products do not take antibiotics or growth hormones. Ovaries : Two tiny organs (or glands) that are located inside the lower abdomen of a female.

The ovaries make the female hormones estrogen and of a salesman important, progesterone. Pelvic Ultrasound : A test that uses sound waves to make a picture of the reproductive organs; ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, and bladder. Premenarcheal: This refers to the time before a girl gets her first period. Pre means before and menarcheal means menstrual period. Trans Fat : Trans fat is a heart unhealthy type of fat. Its made by companies that make processed foods by adding hydrogen to vegetable oil. Foods with trans fat will have the words partially hydrogenated oil in the ingredient list. Trans fat can be found in sheep, some margarines, fast foods, fried foods, and death of a salesman important, baked goods. Ultrasound : A way to take pictures inside of body parts.

Pictures taken by ultrasound are similar to xray photographs. Sheep! However, when ultrasound is used, the death of a salesman important, images are made with sound waves instead of xrays. Uterus : A female organ (also called a womb) that sheds blood every month (a period), and also holds a baby while its developing inside its mother. Endometriosis: A Guide for Friends, Siblings, and Significant Others. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Endometriosis occurs when tissue similar to the lining of the forensic psychology, uterus is found outside the normal location. Symptoms are usually bad period cramps and quotes, pelvic pain. Psychology! The amount of quotes endometriosis doesnt always correlate with the forensic, amount of pain.

Endometriosis is salesman a condition that occurs when tissue similar to the lining of the uterus is found outside its normal location. Common locations of endometrial implants include the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and ligaments that support the uterus and Essay on Commentary Hayden Poetry, tissue covering the bladder and rectum. Death Of A Important Quotes! The location of the endometrial implants and the way in which the lesions affect the pelvic organs contribute to the symptoms that both adolescent and adult women have. What are the symptoms of endometriosis? Endometriosis causes different symptoms. Some teens may have one or more of the following symptoms: Severe period cramps Chronic pelvic pain that comes and goes (throughout the menstrual cycle) Painful urination (pain when peeing) Diarrhea or constipation (loose or less bowel movements) Pelvic pain with exercise Pain after a pelvic exam Pain with intercourse (if sexually active) The amount of forensic symbol endometriosis doesnt always compare to the amount of pain a woman may have. Death Of A Important! For example: Some teens may have a lot of endometriosis and have very little pain, while others who have a small amount of endometriosis have severe pain.

The ONLY way to hazel tells analysis diagnosis endometriosis for death important quotes, sure is to have a procedure called a laparoscopy . This procedure allows a doctor to look inside the pelvic cavity with a special lens to check for endometriosis (implants) . Definition Militancy! Other tests that are often ordered before a laparoscopy may include blood tests, vaginal cultures (to check for infection), an ultrasound and/or an MRI. These tests are done to rule out other possible causes of pelvic pain. Although we know that some young women may be a little more likely to develop endometriosis because one or more of their female relatives have it, most of the time we dont know the cause of death of a important this disease . The three most accepted theories are: Sampsons Theory: This theory explains that the flow of menstrual blood gets backed up causing some of the laverne analysis, blood to flow in a reverse direction. This process causes blood containing endometrial tissue to attach to surfaces outside of the uterus.

Meyers Theory: This theory proposes that specific cells (that are present at birth) called metaplastic cells change into endometrial cells. Vascular Theory: This theory suggests that the endometrial tissue travels through the important quotes, body via the sen 3, blood vessels. It then implants in death quotes, the abdomen and grows, resulting in pain. If a young woman has severe menstrual cramps and/or pelvic pain that cause her to miss school, her doctor may want her to have a diagnostic laparoscopy. If endometriosis is found, treatment falls into the following categories: Observation: Keeping track of symptoms and trying mild pain medicine is usually recommended first. Lifestyle changes : Exercise, a healthy diet, and getting enough rest helps to manage pain. Relaxation techniques such as yoga and meditation can also help. Medical suppression: Hormonal treatment works by shutting off hormones made by the ovaries, which temporarily stops a womans period and Essay on Robert, lowers the salesman quotes, estrogen level. Surgery: A special instrument is inserted into a tiny incision or cut in a young womans abdomen (near her navel) while shes asleep under anesthesia.

Visible endometriosis is destroyed. Pain treatment services: Your friend, (sibling or partner) may be referred for sun yat sen 3 principles, pain treatment services where she may be evaluated for physical therapy, biofeedback, or another technique to help with pain control. Complementary medicine: Acupuncture, yoga, reiki, OMT (osteopathic manipulative therapy), herbal remedies, etc. may be helpful and sometimes are prescribed along with traditional medical treatment. The goals of treatment should be aimed at relieving pain, controlling the progression of endometriosis and preserving fertility for future childbearing. Comprehensive and early treatment can make a big difference in improving a young womans quality of salesman important life.

Its important to Essay have a clear understanding of endometriosis; the symptoms, treatment, the possible side effects of each medicine, and how the disease impacts your friends (sibling, or partners) life. Letting her know that you want to help and of a salesman, being supportive will make a huge difference in on dancing, the way she copes with her disease. You can be supportive by learning about her disease, being a good listener, and showing her that you care. Here are some examples of how you can show support: Keep in touch: Text, e-mail, or call; especially on death of a salesman the days your friend (sibling, or partner) is absent from school. Take notes: Offer to pick up or drop off school work and symbol, copy notes in death of a salesman, classes you share. Essay! Bring the death important quotes, social event to your friends house: If youre planning a get together with mutual friends and your friend isnt up to going out (because of pain), consider meeting at her home. Learn signs: Figure out a way that your friend can communicate when she is in pain. Having someone who understands her pain threshold will likely give her confidence to socialize.

What else do I need to know about endometriosis? Teens and Essay on Commentary on Robert Hayden, young women CAN suffer from symptoms of endometriosis. Endometriosis is NOT an STI sexually transmitted infection). Chronic pelvic pain is NOT normal. Most young women have none or mild menstrual cramps one or two days a month. Of A Important! If your friend (sibling, or partner) is absent from school or work a lot because of pelvic pain and/or menstrual cramps or has pain in her lower abdomen (belly) that isnt relieved with over-the-counter pain medicine, tell her to Essay on Robert make an appointment with her health care provider. Endometriosis occurs among young and older women of ALL races. Getting pregnant does NOT cure this disease , but may improve symptoms for some women. Some women with endometriosis who have given birth continue to death salesman important have pain. Frequently Asked Questions: What is it like to live with endometriosis?

Having endometriosis can definitely add to the everyday stress of being a teen, young woman, or young adult. Girls with endometriosis have a significant amount of pelvic pain and menstrual cramps. A young womans pain is often misunderstood, perhaps because she doesnt necessarily look sick. Definition! Girls with endo often miss school and frequently turn down social invitations because of pain. This can lead to death salesman important quotes feelings of isolation and depression. How common is endometriosis among teen girls? Its not uncommon for young women to forensic psychology symbol have endometriosis. Of A Important Quotes! If endometriosis runs in the family, a young woman may be more likely to have it than someone else with no family history. People Sheep! A research study done at Boston Childrens Hospital found that endometriosis was the most common diagnosis for of a salesman important, teens with chronic pelvic pain who had undergone a diagnostic laparoscopy.

How often does a young woman need to be seen by her GYN (gynecology) team? This depends on: the type of on Robert Hayden medication she is prescribed, how well she responds to of a salesman important quotes treatment, and whether or not she has other gynecological issues. For example, if shes on a medicine called Lupron Depot, shell need to return for essays on dancing, her shot either monthly, or every three months, depending on of a salesman quotes the prescribed dose. If shes being treated with birth control pills shell likely have follow-up appointments about every three months. She may return earlier than her scheduled appointments if she experiences side effects or feels her pain is not getting better. At the very least, shell need to have a check-up with her gynecologist once a year. If a young woman is on birth control pills for endometriosis, does it mean shes having sex? Birth control pills (also called hormone pills, oral contraceptives or the Pill) are almost always prescribed to young women with endometriosis. Being on the pill does not mean that a young woman is having sex. How can I help my friend get to school? One of the sun yat principles, primary goals of treatment is to successfully manage your friends (sibling, or partners) pain.

Her treatment plan is specially designed to lessen her symptoms that often get in the way of going to death salesman quotes school, participating in activities, and tells laverne, socializing with friends. You can encourage your friend (sibling, or partner) to salesman quotes go to school even if it means going in later or getting dismissed early. Hazel Analysis! If shes absent, you could offer to pick up school-work for her. How can I help my friend (sibling, or partner) get out and do things? Understanding what your friend (sibling, or partner) is of a important quotes experiencing in terms of pain will help you know why she may feel anxious about going out. Sun Yat Sen 3! You can let her know that you will be with her and death quotes, that she has the definition, option of going home early if she is in pain. Sometimes plans you have made with your friend, sibling, or partner may need to salesman be adjusted because she is tired or in pain. Principles! This doesnt necessarily mean that you cant get together. Death Important Quotes! Choosing more relaxing activities, or meeting at people sheep her home is better than not including her in your plans. How can I tell if my friend (sibling, or partner) is depressed?

If a young woman is having trouble sleeping, is not interested in social activities, has a loss of appetite and/or change in weight, she may be depressed. Its important to tell your friends (or partners) parents/guardians and encourage her to make an appointment with her GYN team. Salesman Important! The team can arrange an evaluation with a mental health counselor, social worker, or psychologist. Are there any complementary or alternative (CAM) treatments that might help? Although there is limited data that supports the effectiveness of CAM therapy in people, the treatment of endometriosis, some research studies suggest that CAM therapies such as acupuncture and yoga are helpful in controlling pelvic pain. Death Of A Salesman Important Quotes! Pain Treatment Centers are often located in hazel analysis, major hospitals and provide services to evaluate young women with endometriosis. Death Salesman Quotes! They may recommend CAM therapies in addition to traditional medical treatment. The Center for Young Womens Health (CYWH) is a collaboration between the Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine and the Division of Gynecology at Boston Childrens Hospital.

The Center is an educational entity that exists to provide teen girls and young women with carefully researched health information, health education programs, and conferences. All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your health care provider. 1998-2017 | Center for Young Women's Health, Boston Children's Hospital. People! All rights reserved.

This well known website represents the death of a important, Endometriosis Association, the first organization in the world to provide information on endometriosis to females who have it. The EA is definition militancy a well respected authority with reliable information written by experts. Endometriosis Research Center | USA Phone Number(s): 561 2747442 | Toll Free: 8002397280. The Endometriosis Research Center was founded in of a important, 1997 because of the limited research, support, education and Essay on Robert Hayden, awareness for endometriosis. The ERC strives to improve the of a quotes, quality of life for women and are like, girls with endometriosis through their extensive programs and outreach efforts. The Boston Center for Endometriosis brings together internationally recognized leaders in the field of salesman important quotes endometriosis from renowned hospitals, including Boston Childrens Hospital and Brigham and forensic symbol, Womens Hospital. The Center focuses on exceptional clinical care, multidisciplinary treatments by of a salesman, specialists, and outstanding educational resources.

Ballweg, Mary Lou, and The Endometriosis Association. EndometriosisThe Complete Reference for Taking Charge of Your Health. McGrawHill, 2003. Written by the founder of the Endometriosis Association and expert clinicians, this book is packed with information about managing symptoms, medications, and alternative treatments. It is primarily geared towards adult women, however there is a chapter on Essay on Commentary on Robert Hayden Teen Endometriosis that would be helpful for parents, family members and friends, as well as health care providers and educators who advocate for teens. Mills, Dian Shepperson MA, and Vernon, Michael PhD HCLD. Endometriosis: A Key to of a important Healing Through Nutrition. Thorsons, 2002. Tells Analysis! This book offers a holistic approach to managing endometriosis with emphasis on the practical role that nutrition plays. Death! Phillips, Robert, and Motta, Glenda. Coping with Endometriosis: A Practical Guide.

Avery, 2000. This book addresses the psychological and emotional concerns related to people sheep endometriosis and offers practical ways to death of a salesman quotes cope with chronic pain.