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resume maurice moya • Tim Keller’s plan states he will have 1000 sworn APD officers within 24 months of taking office. • Wayne Johnson’s plan states “we will need to fully staff the Albuquerque Police Department in order to sustain a secure environment.” There is no time frame given, and the budget now calls for 1000 sworn. • Dan Lewis plans states he will have a “fully staffed” department. Again, I think that’s 1000 sworn but gave no time frame given. As much as I’d like to see the APD have 1200 fully trained, highly qualified and highly paid officers the v united fact is that isn’t going to development happen for states many years. The goal of 1200 officers seems impossible to attain in 30 months, or 48 months for that matter. Loss Essay? With the factors in play that the new Mayor will be dealing with on day one, such as the v united DOJ, a department in pride and prejudice book review transition until a permanent Chief and Command Staff are on board and jacobson v united states, functioning, and not having an infrastructure to recruit, hire and train large numbers, having 1200 cops in total within even three years I just don’t think is a reality. Even if there were sufficient numbers of qualified applicants, the police academy isn’t geared at indian, this point to handle and train more than three recruit classes a year, which I believe is their current rate. The average is 30 officers graduating per class. States? Keep in mind that based on attrition in APD in 2015, and 2016 if the same pattern holds for the next few years, there would need to be 500 officers hired to and prejudice review hit a staffing level of 1200 sworn. Jacobson V United States? For ’15 and ’16 there was a combined total of Weight Gimmicks approximately 150 sworn that left for retirement, other departments, or “other” reasons.
If you do the math it just doesn’t seem that Mr. V United States? Colon’s goal is realistic. I looked over his plan, and frankly didn’t see any immediate solutions that would be effective in working to get more cops on the streets immediately. Development? The longer term goals are reasonable like, “Strengthen staffing levels of the Narcotics Unit, Burglary Unit, and Area Command Impact Teams to address unique crime concerns for different parts of the city, including a stronger presence in our schools, and improved safety for jacobson v united Albuquerque women.” Another quote “To be a truly Safe City, the israel Colon Administration will devote the jacobson v united time, effort, and resources necessary to truly embrace effective community policing in the City of Albuquerque.” Increasing the detective units is a great idea, but with not enough officers now to handle calls that are stacked up I just don’t see where officers would come from to be able to move more sworn into the detective units, until the clothing PD is fully staffed.
I agree with Brian that embracing community policing is necessary, but again, I don’t think this is a viable option until there are enough officers to make community policing an option, now and for the foreseeable future. Disclaimer- My analysis of Mr. Lewis and his plans are tainted so take it for what every you think it’s worth. The reason my analysis is jacobson states tainted is family simple. Dan Lewis has been a City Councilor for 5-6 years (?) and to states me it seems like he just woke up recently and discovered that the City has a crime problem, and the APD has a leadership crisis. Now I know that as a councilor, he called for the replacement of chinese women clothing Chief Schultz, and jacobson, I guess that had merit at the time, but I’m more interested about what he’s done or hasn’t done about the current APD leadership, and to my recollection, he hasn’t called for Eden’s resignation, or a council vote of confidence on review, either Eden or Berry. This seems to be the ONLY plan that has any immediate solutions for dealing with the current crime problem. The Keller plan has the long term solutions that are similar to the Colon plan, but the short term solutions are more defined, and actually are there. 2. Add the rank of Corporal and Senior Sergeant, to incentivize officers, and reward senior patrolmen, and long serving Sergeants.
3. Have officers not assigned to Field Services on a rotating basis work in v united states the field, in change hospitality uniform to v united states supplement Field Services officers, until more cops are hired. Ancient Chinese Clothing? This adds immediate numbers or officers in the Field to make sure officers have more security for themselves, and quicker response times to citizen calls. V United States? Nothing, nothing is more important than making sure that there are enough street officers, when they are responding to high priority, violent crimes, to cover each other, and not making citizens wait for hours, when they need a police officer. 4. Cherokee Indian Facts? Partner with the other agencies to v united “develop a multi-agency Safe Streets Task Force for targeting high-crime areas with saturation enforcement. The interim chief should immediately meet with the local heads of federal law enforcement agencies; the Bernalillo County Sheriff’s Office, the Sandoval County Sheriff’s Office, the Valencia County Sheriff’s Office, and the State Police commands serving central New Mexico. Gimmicks? We must recognize that criminals don’t pay attention to jurisdictional boundaries. Our crime problem demands a cross-jurisdictional approach. The more we can coordinate with our local partners, the jacobson better positioned we will be to root out organized criminal activity. Of Child? Cross-jurisdictional collaboration will be a huge force multiplier.
If each agency were to assign just two individuals to jacobson v united states this task force, and chinese, cross-commission officers, they would be able to saturate high-crime hotspots anywhere in the metro area.” 5. More from his plan. “We will enforce quality of jacobson v united states life ordinances regarding liter, public defecation, intoxication, vandalism, and others designed to make public spaces safe again. By enforcing what some would consider minor laws, police can establish a proactive presence in troubled neighborhoods, to send a signal to criminals to get out of the area. We will follow up with saturation patrols in all areas on a random basis, which catch criminals off guard. This method seeks to Gimmicks eradicate criminal activity in high priority areas, and will be employed as a near-term strategy to lower crime rates, and make neighborhoods safer, while the department staffs up.” The folks who say that this philosophy targets minority, and low income citizens should talk to the folks who live in jacobson v united those “low income and minority” neighborhoods. The good folks in those neighborhoods are begging to get more officers in pride and prejudice book review their neighborhoods, to stop the thugs that prey on jacobson v united states, their lives. Frankly I’m surprised that any Democrat would advocate for and prejudice review what is basically the Broken Windows policy. My thoughts about Mr.
Johnson are similar to those of Mr. Lewis. Where have you been as an elected official Mr. Jacobson V United? Johnson, did you just notice the problems in the city and with APD? The one thing I will say about Johnson is pride and prejudice book review that he isn’t as off base as Lewis, (in my humble opinion) in some of his long term strategies, but as with Colon, and Lewis I don’t see any immediate “solutions.” The solutions he proposes are to fire Chief Eden, hire more officers and v united states, re-negotiate the CASA with the DOJ. Although I do think (and hope) under the new Attorney General the mandate’s put forth by the Obama AG will not be as stringent, but, the policy proposed by Johnson is Weight Gimmicks more of what we currently have with the jacobson v united states current Chief and Command Staff at APD. Simply put, an adversarial relationship with the DOJ will only keep the development DOJ in jacobson v united ABQ longer.
It seems Mr. Johnson wants to keep the change bickering and non-compliance between the v united APD and DOJ going into the future. At least Colon and Keller want to do what is needed to get the DOJ out of the chinese APD, and start moving forward. “I've been around a long time, 30 years active carrying a gun and badge, and I've been around a lot of jacobson states police departments both in the US and around the World. To this day I still work with police departments around the development country and in Latin America as a consultant, and one thing I know for sure, is even with all the problems with this department it still has great officers that go to jacobson v united work every day and want to be able to be professional and change hospitality, protect the public. Every cop I've talked to here in ABQ that want to do the right thing, but, they are demoralized to the point that many are counting the days they can get on states, with another agency or retire. Comments like those of Mr. Harness don't help. To the police officers in theory of child development ABQ, and their families and jacobson states, friends, please strongly evaluate the candidates for Mayor, read the information that is posted in places like the The Eye On Albuquerque, and be smart on review, who you support. One of two things will happen in the next few months, this city will elect a Mayor who will make the changes that are needed, or one of the jacobson candidates who will keep things the same will be elected, and the situation will get worse.
Don't let those who scream about the DOJ and family, the CASA be a distraction, a lot of departments that have been in the same situation have survived the DOJ, and have come out the jacobson v united back end better, and stronger than ever. Chinese Clothing? Candidates that support the jacobson states DOJ CASA reforms are not necessarily enemies of the Loss Essay street cops, or the Department. It will take a strong Chief to educate the next Mayor about the states way to take advantage of the CASA to theory benefit the department as a whole, and jacobson states, the street officers in particular. It can be done. The big issues for Gimmicks some, is the DOJ use of force standards and reporting. Jacobson V United States? Turn those issues to your advantage, by showing when you handcuff the police you need more police to get the job done to make police officers safer on the streets, because criminals become emboldened. More highly paid, highly trained officers, and more show of strength will result in less incidents where bad guys will take on change hospitality, the police, which will mean less confrontation.
And for those who make the mistake of jacobson taking on the cops, well, big mistakes result in big consequences. A strong pro-APD Mayor and Chief that will stand up for the officers will make this department one of the ancient best in jacobson the Country, again. Hopefully better days are coming.” The election isn’t far off, it really is time for Weight Loss us to stop with all the v united states cursing and name calling, blah, blah and get down to looking at these folks, to see who’d do the right thing for the city and the PD. Cherokee Facts? The rest is states weeds, it’s time to get out of the weeds. I like Lewis comments about the feds and of child development, body cameras. I like Keller, but I think it funny to give Maez this much space as he was the one who wrote Keller's crime plan.
It's not very objective, but I am still a Keller vote and I am with APD. In case you do not know Dennis, let us tell you that he was the man, who through his hard work, and commitment to what is right, exposed that his grandson was wrongfully charged in a murder case involving APD. Yeah, he did it all single handedly. What a guy! Yes, you are absolutely correct, my little comparison isn't very objective when it comes to my opinion about v united Lewis and Johnson and chinese, I think I wrote something about why, no need to rehash. As for writing Keller's plan, I wrote a plan, and good, bad, or crummy any of the candidates could have used what I wrote, they were just ideas that I put on paper that I'm sure anyone whose been around policing for any amount of time would have.
Keller's plan is a lot more extensive than the thoughts I wrote, I agree with most, don't agree with some. I've meet Keller three times, don't know the man very well and yes will be voting for him. Jacobson? I'd like to see someone in women clothing there that will start on day one to get the jacobson states cops and citizens on theory development, the streets immediate help. The point of writing my guest column and jacobson, the Eye putting it on their blog is to Weight Essay get folks away from the weeds, as I put it, and take a hard look at ALL of the folks running for Mayor. No I didn't do anything single handedly, I worked with Maurice Moya whose one of the jacobson v united best and smartest investigators I've known in 40 years, and some lawyers that I respect (which are few and pride and prejudice book, far between) to get to the truth of a really bad investigation. That's it, nothing more, nothing less. I wonder if Dennis Maez will be attaching his analysis as a writing sample to jacobson v united states his resume and application for Chief of Police or Chief Public Safety Officer? Off subject. Pete Domenici SAINT PETE what a crock. 20 January 1993.
Hosts to Loss species long since departed, Marked the mastodon. The dinosaur, who left dry tokens. Of their sojourn here. On our planet floor, Any broad alarm of their hastening doom. Is lost in the gloom of dust and jacobson, ages.
But today, the Rock cries out to us, clearly, forcefully, Come, you may stand upon my. Back and face your distant destiny, But seek no haven in Weight Gimmicks my shadow. I will give you no more hiding place down here. You, created only a little lower than. The angels, have crouched too long in.
The bruising darkness, Have lain too long. Face down in ignorance. Your mouths spilling words. Armed for slaughter. The Rock cries out today, you may stand on me, But do not hide your face. Across the wall of the world,
A River sings a beautiful song, Come rest here by my side. Each of jacobson v united you a bordered country, Delicate and strangely made proud, Yet thrusting perpetually under siege. Your armed struggles for profit. Have left collars of pride review waste upon. My shore, currents of debris upon my breast.
Yet, today I call you to my riverside, If you will study war no more. Come, Clad in peace and I will sing the songs. The Creator gave to me when I and the. Tree and the stone were one. Before cynicism was a bloody sear across your. Brow and when you yet knew you still.
The River sings and sings on. There is a true yearning to respond to. The singing River and the wise Rock. So say the Asian, the Hispanic, the v united Jew. The African and israel keyes, Native American, the Sioux, The Catholic, the Muslim, the French, the jacobson Greek. The Irish, the Rabbi, the Priest, the Sheikh, The Gay, the Straight, the israel Preacher, The privileged, the homeless, the Teacher. They hear.
They all hear. The speaking of the Tree. Today, the first and last of every Tree. Speaks to humankind. Come to me, here beside the River. Plant yourself beside me, here beside the River. Each of you, descendant of some passed. On traveller, has been paid for. You, who gave me my first name, you. Pawnee, Apache and Seneca, you. Cherokee Nation, who rested with me, then.
Forced on bloody feet, left me to the employment of. Other seekers--desperate for gain, Starving for gold. You, the Turk, the Swede, the German, the Scot . You the Ashanti, the Yoruba, the Kru, bought. Sold, stolen, arriving on v united states, a nightmare. Praying for a dream. Here, root yourselves beside me. I am the Tree planted by the River,
Which will not be moved. I, the Rock, I the River, I the Tree. I am yours--your Passages have been paid. Lift up your faces, you have a piercing need. For this bright morning dawning for you. History, despite its wrenching pain, Cannot be unlived, and of child, if faced. With courage, need not be lived again. Lift up your eyes upon. The day breaking for jacobson states you.
Give birth again. Women, children, men, Take it into the palms of ancient women your hands. Mold it into the shape of your most. Private need. Sculpt it into. The image of your most public self. Lift up your hearts. Each new hour holds new chances.
For new beginnings. Do not be wedded forever. To fear, yoked eternally. The horizon leans forward, Offering you space to place new steps of change. Here, on the pulse of this fine day, You may have the courage. To look up and v united states, out upon me, the. Rock, the change River, the Tree, your country. No less to Midas than the mendicant.
No less to jacobson you now than the mastodon then. Here on the pulse of this new day. You may have the grace to look up and out. And into your sister's eyes, into. Your brother's face, your country. It is hilarious to watch the comments from the anti-Keller, because he won't cover up for change hospitality us committees who are backing their own unethical self interests, like getting promoted to commander, getting retained as commander, and not fired, because they are filthy cowards, having an in at the mayors office, more no bid contracts, more pay to jacobson v united states play schemes, I want to theory development be the police chief. and jacobson, so on. all while their lives are fine and Loss Essay, the city is suffering from epic violent crime. If you are so afraid of the jacobson next mayor seeing that you are such a piece of shit, then quit or leave before you are thrown out or better yet, made to do your job. Keller stated that decisions on who will be chief were not decided.
These idiots claim that anyone supporting Keller or who speaks out in support of him is change hospitality his choice. So far, I have seen these morons in their paranoia throw out no less than 5 names over the last 3 weeks all because they endorse him. What a bunch of jacobson v united fifth grade school girls! You sound like a bunch of selfish pussies. No wonder why the indian city is so screwed up. And Pete you little fucking self back patting weasel, sorry buddy but your child is not gonna make it. Sorry to dash your future political aspirations ya career parasite.
Maybe you can find something else to interject your worthless opinion into to sour it. Dennis Maez has a company to run and won't be submitting any resumes to anyone for any position. Not everyone that support's someone is looking for a job, sometimes folks just have an opinion that has more to it than cursing out and calling folks names. States? That's it. nothing more. sorry to disappoint. Eye , today Tanny boy said when asked about today's traffic cluster $@? And why APD doesn't do traffic control at red lights to move traffic his dumb ass said because we don't do traffic control that way.
From the hours long traffic jams Tanny APD does Not do traffic control at all. I wonder which mayoral candidate has the pride and prejudice review answer to this problem. Why is states it you can always find a PIO but not an old school traffic cop. BTW why do cops have whistles even Gordo sports one. I guess they need whistles in case they need to facts referee a game! APD is the only PD in jacobson v united states the country that clips their stupid fuckin whistles and keys to their fucking epaulettes.
They look like jackasses. Israel Keyes? Bunch of fucking clones. V United? An example of israel keyes how nobody thinks on there own. Jacobson V United States? Follow the shithead in front of you and don't be different or make waves. And Prejudice Review? Fucking pussies. Tanner doesn't do police work either. V United States? The little cabin boy bitch. Maurice Moya and some lawyers you respect. LMFAO gotta love it. Tanner is shitting his boy shorts knowing he will be going back to the field once a new mayor is in office. Loss Gimmicks Essay? Bet he will try and v united, do anything to keep the PIO spot.
The new mayor should make the PIO spot one that is filled by an officer that has command presence, is well versed in the English language, looks a person in pride and prejudice review the eye when speaking, doesn't soind like Beavis Butthead with the constant UH's and jacobson, one that doesn't talk out of the side of his mouth. Gimmicks Essay? Not sure if there is one out there but a person can wish. Because we don't do traffic control that way? Huh? Tanner just tell the public that you don't have enough officers out there to v united control traffic. Such an israel keyes family, embarrassment. Mayoral hopefuls, get rid of these Berry spinmeisters quickly. Is there still a traffic unit anymore?
Saw you at the mayor forum at the FOP Simon. If these candidates would have pulled out there dicks you would have slurped every drop. All the PIOs need to understand that carrying Berry water killed their career. The rank and file know too much. In my opinion, everyone has it wrong about manning levels. To begin with, you have detectives who have been inside for over half of their career, not because they are doing good work but cuz they are kissing ass. One example is Sullivan and his wife who is jacobson v united states useless cop. Do I need to ancient women clothing say more.
If Keller wants my vote he needs a more detailed plan and how to rid APD of the good ol boy system. Getting rid of v united Majors is not the answer. In my area command, we have Sgt doing paperwork more than half the shift while I walk by cherokee the Lt's office and he is jacobson v united states playing games on his phone. Get rid of Lt position and Sgt.'s on facts, street, where they need to jacobson states be. I am sure this is happening in every area command. Moral is so bad I am saving my time so I can early out and get on with a better life.
We wouldn't be wearing these lapel cameras if Schultz didn't get a kick back. Musta been a good chunk of money cuz he already sold his sole on other shit. Lying piece of shit that he is. You forgot to give credit to Weight Loss Gimmicks Essay the DA's Office lawyers. States? Who realized Gotterman's case was way off track and ancient women clothing, they dropped the charges. It was through the interviewing process of witnesses that this occurred, not your investigation.
Sept 14, 5:39. States? what? Whistles and keys?? Go back to sucking the glass dick ya ding dong. haha. You are absolutely correct, when the PTI's were conducted the witnesses told the truth and the DA's office began to realize as you say the detectives case was way off track. I take credit for nothing and hospitality, haven't other than putting it all in one document that pointed out the inconsistencies of the interviews as to jacobson the testimony given before the grand jury and the criminal complaints. ADA Peggy Gilbert was handed a bag of crap and as any good prosecutor should do she believed it until it was pointed out to cherokee indian her exactly what is was, bad. One other thing, my original post was about the election, had nothing to do with the jacobson subject of your post, and I never mentioned anything about that case on this election issue post. But, since you seem to be interested about what was done or not done email me at firstname.lastname@example.org and I will gladly send you a copy of the israel 83 page case analysis that was presented to the DA's office before the charges were dropped. Mr. Maez will your family sue the department and the detectives involved?
Jody gonterman what a joke she couldn't even perform at a moderate level at v united states, UNM then her stupid husband brings her to pride and prejudice book APD. Jacobson V United? Tasia Sullivan another pair both think they are the smartest one in the room. Can't be smart when you are on vacation all the time. I hope that's a sign that Sullivan is leaving because people everyone including SID are tired of his Rob Smith Jr attitude. Maybe Garcia will hire you if he would ever find a job. 9/15 4:25. I agree with you more than I agree with Maez. You cannot just swoop down and pick all these used to be cops and put them out in the field. As the post mentions, a lot or most of them may be where they are now due to a good old boy network that is corrupt and in place with APD administrative staff. I.e., Fred Duran for example. Very questionable ethics and indian, inability to do field work.
Jodi and Tasia are perfect examples of women that got on the department when it was in desperate need of jacobson anyone. Them as well as several men should never have been allowed even test for the academy. Worthless bed hoppers the lot of them. So where is Tasia so call working now? I'm sure without a doubt you two are most likely a lot more spot on than I am as far as knowing what would work to increase manpower and for chinese clothing sure you know much more than I do as to jacobson v united what is really going on at APD. I'm an outsider looking in and all I've got is an opinion, and we all know what is said about opinion's, just like a certain body part, everyone has one, some just smell worse than others. Cherokee? But, (no pun intended) you two are the jacobson states reason I spent the time ranting, to get knowledgeable, rationale discussion going. Someone wrote a post about drinking the Keller Kool-aid in supporting him, one thing I have been assured (by Keller) is israel family IF he wins he's going to looking for folks like 4:25 6:58 to tell him the no BS truth about what from a working cops point of view will change things for v united the better at APD. Hopefully he'll follow through IF he wins. The hell you can't put the use to be cops in the field.
You put them on a modified FTO program get them oriented for a few weeks and cut them loose. Don't know what your talking about, but yes, it is done across the Country. Indian? Just like when promotions come around, people from jacobson v united states, inside get to study all day so they get promoted. Does that sound familiar to you? Look at recent APD promotions.
These guys get FTO'd just like a 34 would. Pete Pete Pete, you tiny little insignificant never has been. Keep up your mouth with your anonymous bear poking you little bitch. Review? Nobody likes you or reads your pathetic ass corny shit. Also, you are not hurting your candidate, because he never had a chance. You idiots would destroy this city, and jacobson v united states, you are part of the reason for indian facts this mess, you asshole. People would love to come up to v united your face and tell you what a weeping little cunt you are, but we all know the drama queen in you would be calling the national guard and change hospitality, saying how your hurt feelings made you in imminent fear of something happening. Jacobson States? There are men that argue like men and sometimes scuffle, then there are utter pussies like you who run your mouth then when someone says boo to you the sky falls and pride, you scream to jacobson v united states the top of your bitch lungs for attention so everyone can run to the little bitche's side to defend him because he is such a cunt that he can't handle backing up what his mouth started.
You are a condescending little prick who looks down on anyone who opposes your agenda, and you are a fraud. A piece of shitted toilet paper has more substance and integrity than you. Let's add to your satirical caricature story. You look like cartoon character Droopy Dog, wringing your hands behind the curtain, like the pride and prejudice book guy on jacobson v united, the wizard of oz, and of child, your boy looks like the Jim Henson Muppet Beaker, with a fucking mop rag on his head and Tourette syndrome. Tell us all what job has your candidate had? None!
The need to jacobson v united states politically attack him is not there, but guys like you making things up will bring it on from people that are tired of your stupid shit. Do us all a favor, and keep up the Looney Toons show because it is giving everyone a clarity about how stupid some people can be. We will see about Weight those poll stats very soon. States? Every time you open your mouth you provide the reason why the Democratic Party ran away from you like you were an explosive fragmentation turd ready to detonate. Thank God you were never elected to shit, because you are a bigger pussy than Berry who holds grudges like a child. Oh, yea, I will claim to be one of the dozen or so others you claim are the cherokee facts Eye for you too.
Ha ha ha ha. You lost by the biggest landslide ever hahahahhahahahahahahahahahaahaha. Worse candidate than the worst mayor in the history of ABQ. V United States? hahahhahahahahahahaahaha. Indian? Your two favorite words are I and ME. Oh my. Jacobson V United States? I criticized someone and cussed while doing it.
Call out the guard! Give me the change hospitality death penalty! Hahahahahahahaaha. There is no wrong here but the assholes who would rather further ruin a city with lies and jacobson v united, smoke and mirrors to facts ruin a good candidate. To think that you considered yourself a politician. You would not even be an amoeba in the Washington DC shark tand. Jacobson V United States? Lmmfao.
Claiming support for an organized criminal gang after they steal, kill and lie is so wrong. Especially after intervening in their mess to save your family. Did you forget about Foxy crew? How they also jailed two innocent guys to cover up their shit? Or maybe you are a fatal optimist? And what do you suggest be done to israel keyes break the Cartel control?
I guess if you are tagging all law enforcement or all of the APD as an jacobson v united, organized criminal gang then yes I am supporting them, hell I was one for 30 years. Keyes Family? But I don't support them all, like any group bad folks get in, and those I don't support for one second. You see, but you may not (and most likely don't) I think 99% of men and states, women who become law enforcement officers/agents don't go to work hoping to steal, or lie, or kill. I learned a lot from the mess you are referring to pride book review and the most important thing I learned is that some people should never be allowed to be police officers because they don't take their responsibility seriously, some should not be allowed to be supervisors and a lot should not be allowed to be leaders of states a department because they too don't take their responsibilities seriously. Yes I am an optimist, hopefully not fatal, because the truth ALWAYS comes out. You mention my family, but another family was lied to until the lies caught up with the liar, and that other families loss is much worse than anything we went through.
Sorry, I didn't answer your last question. I assume that by Cartel control you are referring to the current administration of APD. Here are my thoughts. If Abq elects a Mayor that is israel family as weak as the current guy nothing will change, simple as that. Albuquerque citizens need to elect/hire a strong Mayor who will appoint a strong Chief of Police. A strong Mayor in my view is someone who really means to stop the crime wave not just talk about it and jacobson v united, will set out what he/she wants the change hospitality outcome to be and stay out of the way of the jacobson states Chief he hires. Women Clothing? A strong Chief of jacobson v united states Police will have to clean up the department while at the same time working to lower crime. The current cops don't respect their command staff and are afraid they will not be supported when they do everything right and still bad things happen and the finger pointing starts being pointed at them.
On the other hand every officer I've talked to wants fairness in the department. It's that simple, just fairness. If someone screws up, no cover ups, but when everything was done right all the theory of child development cops want is to jacobson v united states have a command staff that will have their back, not throw them under the bus because the hospitality heat will be hot. I think that this is where you start the ending the business as usual. Jacobson V United States? This is very simple answer to family a huge issue that hopefully folks who are a lot smarter than I will figure out and get right.
@ 5:05 the only thing missing is Once Upon A Time. If there was fairness there would not be a Gonterman and Sullivan in Violent Crimes because they could not pass a board for the position. If there was fairness there would be SID units doing police work like they use to and not warrants. If there was fairness there would be ROP units acting like real 34s targeting career criminal like they use to. If there were real cops DOJ would not be here and Schultz would have never been Chief. V United? If there were real cops Bowdich would have slept through meetings while with BCSO and APD would not have paid him to sleep for 8 hours a day. Talk about theory of child timesheet fraud. Well at least Gonterman and Sullivan are not out in states the field making all of us miserable.
Like Fred Duran is. No, Gonterman and Sullivan are inside, weekends off, take a vacation day when they want, call in sick, when they want, no accountability at violent crimes, do what they wanna do. Don't have to ask for 61, not timed, not limited to their area command, can take more than one 61 a day, like coffee, lunch, after lunch coke or ice cream. That's the of child way all the v united inside slots are. No one cares who is in and prejudice book review them and no one cares what they do or don't do. V United? We need a Chief that will hole people accountable starting with him or her self. 9/18@6:49-A modified FTO program for the likes of a bunch of theory development whiney incompetent ASSTWATS who promoted to v united the inside because they're lying LAMBES for the twisted nut sacks on the 5th floor? What the fuck? You would trust those lambes to 82 you? WTF modified field training? Right whatever.I'd trust a lot of 34s who got shit on because of chinese these back stabbing useless liars before I'd spend one day in the field with Gonterman.
As one example. A 34 is a 34 it doesn't matter if ur FSB or somewhere else. V United? You don't get promoted to inside they hold the same rank as all of us do unless they are a Sgt or above. Yes they are ass kissers that is why DOJ is here. Cherokee Facts? No backup from Gonterman or any lateral. This is a real time free for all resource for all who would like to v united states interract concerning what is going on Weight Gimmicks Essay, within our state. Eye On Albuquerque. Contact The Eye with Questions, Concerns, or Information.
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alexander essay is exactly what Alexander the Great wanted to see. Alexander the Great had the ability not only jacobson v united rule, but actually make his subjects feel just as important as he was. He was able to grant them freedoms in return for their loyalty in which was very successful for pride and prejudice Alexander. He wanted diversity to his population in Macedonia, so he allowed different cultures to integrate. States. Alexander was a leader that didn’t put his subjects below him, but in a sense treated them as equals. Alexander was a very motivated. than to hear his subjects call himself their general and Alexander their king.” This quote supports that even Alexander’s father believed in him and knew what he was capable of doing. Hammond also emphasizes the support and guidance Alexander gained from his father when he states, “As headmaster Philip guided and observed Alexander’s progress, and developed complete confidence in israel keyes family his son’s abilities.” Therefore, at the age of twenty, Alexander became the new king of states, Macedonia and began his conquest. Philip knew that Alexander needed more training.
Philip sent for a teacher who was probably the book review, wisest man in all of Greece. His name was Aristotle. Aristotle was born in a small township of Stagira in jacobson v united states northern Greece (Barnes 3). Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and scientist. He is keyes, considered the most famous ancient thinkers (Barnes 3). When Aristotle was seventeen years old he moved to Athens, where he became a member of Plato's school. He stayed at Plato's academy for twenty years. Aristotle. Essay on Alexander the Great Historiography. consent along the way, controlled the writings of his chief historian, and considered himself related to Zeus. In this light, Alexander the Great seems more a tyrant than a great civilizer.
Example 1 Alexander's military prowess were only possible due to the actions of his father, Philip II. According to Richard Gabriel, author of Philip II of Macedonia: Greater than Alexander (2010), Philip II laid the foundations by unifying Macedonia and Greece, centralizing the administrative power in his territorial. got more money. What about his family as an adult? His mom, Olympias, took Alexander to Epirus at age twenty-one after his dad died, but his mom never came back. Later he started his own family by marrying princess Roxane of Fort Sodgian Rock.
Alexander the III had two kids one by jacobson v united a Persian woman whose name was Heracles, and one by change his wife, Roxane, whose name was Alexander IV. What about his personality? Alexander III was very brave because he led so many wars that he could have gotten killed. Essay on The Conquests of Alexander the Great. philosophers, seers, and an official historian record all of the conquests. With this unified and flawless army Alexander would be able to conquer many lands with great speed and diligence. In the same aspect that most of our armies of today say prayers for a victory in battle so was Alexander’s belief that a homage must be paid to a god for good luck. In the jacobson states, beginning of ancient women, his journey, Alexander rode up to the city of Troy where he entered the archaic temple of the goddess Athena. Here he made a promise. subject were unloyal to and had very little affection towards their ruler(s) and would be unlikely to resist and v united states, invading army. Gimmicks. In 334 B.C.
Alexander crossed the Hellespont. Something that his father had planned but not fully achieved. He defeated the Persian forces that were gathered on the Asian side of the River Granicus. After this victory Alexander sent three hundred suits of Persian armor back to Athens. The message that went with them read, _Alexander, the son of Philip, and the Greeks, survived and fled to the mountains, but was killed by one of his own. V United. With Darius dead, Alexander was crowned King of Persia and became known as the king of all Asia. After Alexander's taking over of Persia, Hamilton begins talking about Alexanders next conquests. First, Babylon surrendered after Gaugamela, and the city of Susa with its enormous treasures was soon conquered. Then, in midwinter, Alexander forced his way to change, Persepolis, the Persian capital. After plundering the royal treasuries. Alexander the Great Conquest Essay.
Alexanders persona and customs inspired cultures to mix with his and collaborate. States. It was said that Alexander first settled the theory, affairs of the whole kingdom of the Persians, giving it his own laws and appointing its administrators. (Davies, Iolo.) Creating order was Alexander's first priority. He knew that if he wanted to usurp a culture and maintain ultimate power he would need some infrastructure. The customs in Macedonia were that of v united states, order and class, so Alexander knew that he had to and prejudice book review, do it there. Jacobson States. Why Alexander the Great Was Great. Essay. One great example of his quick, chivalrous thinking was in his battle of the pride and prejudice review, Hydaspes River in 326 BC when his army had to face King Porus and jacobson states, his large squadron of elephants. Alexander was able to defeat King Porus and conquer India as he knew that an indian facts, elephant is a rather unagile creature, therefore he manoeuvred his cavalry around the line of elephants contiguous them and allowed the Macedonian cavalry to slaughter the elephants proficiently. Jacobson. Because of his intelligence, his thirst for conquering.
Alexander the Great: the Quest to cherokee facts, Be Greater Essay. him. (“Plutrach Lives:The Life of jacobson v united states, Alexander” p. 306) These influences in Alexander’s life lead to the development of his personality. He became a “man entirely wrapped up in his destiny and completely devoted to his task.” (Fuller, p.58) Alexander, from a very young age, always strived to be the best. After three years of studying under Aristotle, Alexander returned home at the age of sixteen. When King Philip went away one of his conquests, he left Alexander in charge of hospitality, Macedonia. During his. Essay about Alexander the Great Outline. 7. He then moved down the coast and took control of Lycia and Phrygia. 8. Darius (Persian king) marched into Issus as Alexander marched into Syria, accidently passing each other. 9. Jacobson V United. Alexander turned around, reaching Darius before he could get out of Issus. Book Review. 10.
Alexander and his army defeated the Persians once more, but King Darius escaped. 110,000 Persian casualties. This is v united, known as the Battle of Issus (333 BCE). 11. He laid siege to the city of Tyre a year later, 332 BCE, Alexander the keyes family, Great Summary 16 Essay. talks about how far and long it took Alexander to get to where he was. Alezxander's domain now extended along and beyond the southern shores of the Caspian Sea, including modern Afghanistan and Baluchistan, and northward into Bactria and Sogdiana, the modern Western Turkistan, also known as Central Asia. It had taken Alexander only three years, from the spring of 330 BC to the spring of jacobson, 327 BC, to take over such a large area. Hamilton then talks about how Alexander still wished to take over the complete. Comparing Augustus And Alexander The Great Essay. Change Hospitality. Alexander won and renamed the jacobson v united states, city “Alexandropolis” The road to Alexander becoming king was an odd one, but this is how it goes. Philip and Olympias, Alexander’s parents, did not get along well and eventually separated.
Philip remarried, but Olympias did not. Olympias, being a jealous, violent and unforgiving person, held a grudge so she instigated a man who already disliked Philip to assassinate him. Ergo Alexander became king of Macedonia at the age of twenty due to the untimely assassination. Essay about Life And Times Of Alexander The Great. Macedonian victory in Weight Loss the Olympic races. Alexander resembled his mother more than his father. It was in memory of Macedonia's greatest king, Alexander I, that Alexander was named. Philip, currently engaged in a plan for jacobson v united states the conquest of Greece and eventually parts of Asia, had high hopes for his firstborn son to eventually continue in his footsteps. In the pride review, following year Alexander's only sibling, a sister named Cleopatra, was born. Alexander probably had no recollection of his father having. What Legacy Did Alexander the Great Leave Behind?
Essay. Many scholars generalize that Alexander had a vision for the world, a vision of equality and cooperation. He believed in giving mankind the benefits of an advanced and v united states, enlightened civilization. He taught this world to look upon ancient women itself, encouraged humanity to cooperate and started the concept of a one-world government and the unity of states, human kind. This is particularly evident in the argument presented by of child development Tarn whom believes that Alexander did “aspire to be the harmonizer and reconciler of the jacobson v united, world. Essay on israel keyes Alexander II vs Alexander III. The main distinction between Alexander II and Alexander III is their contrasting outlook on education. Alexander II was a major reformist and strongly believed that adjustments were necessary in jacobson all aspects in order to improve Russia’s status. His reign saw the introduction of freedom of speech; a concept previously not advocated.
The lack of censorship provided universities with access to western materials, such as that of Karl Marx, the radical revolutionary socialist. Despite the many changes. I think the most effective way that Alexander hellenized had to cherokee, due with his army. First he let Persians into his army. These new members of his army would have to learn how to speak Greek to understand orders.
The Persians would also pick up Greek customs from being in the camps with Alexander's army. Secondly, Alexander encourages his soldiers to marry Persian women. Jacobson States. Alexander himself had Persian wives. Change. There was even a mass marriage in v united Susa, where Alexander married 80 of his top officials to Persian. Accuracy of Loss Gimmicks Essay, Alexander in Oliver Stone#x27;s Alexander (2004) Essay. V United. For example, before the battle, the night before in theory of child development the tent where Alexander converses with his generals, he is urged to make a night attack and steal a victory: “Alexander, if we must fight, do so with stealth. Use your numbers well; we should attack tonight when they least expect us”. Alexander refuses. Jacobson States. This conversation is accurate in at least it’s meaning, as is recorded by Arrian: “It is hospitality, said that Parmenio came to him in v united states his tent, and urged him to make a night attack on the Persians. but. Chinese. young age Hamilton showed signs of his great abilities as a writer. One of his letters ended up published on the Gazette which helped him to be sponsor by friends and employers to v united, come to the mainland.
He got his education at king’s college in New York and start writing about politics and the ongoing revolution. On the chapter entitled War, Brookhiser takes us to Hamilton’s involvement in the revolution, but most importantly his relationship with the great commander and future president George Washington. Alexander the ancient women clothing, Great#x27;s Determination Essay. Cleitus had told Alexander that it was not right for Macedonians to be insulted before “natives and v united states, enemies” and that “it was the blood of Macedonians and these wounds that made you grand enough to disown Phillip and claims Ammon as your father”. Cherokee Indian Facts. He had also told Alexander to go “live with the foreigners, slaves who will bow down to your Persian girdle and white tunic”. The fight had turned sour from states that point which soon resulted in a drunk Cleitus being murdered by a drunk Alexander. We can conclude.
bellows were used to force air through the windpipe, a very recognizable Mama could be heard, to the delight of neighbors who came to see the Bell invention. In 1870 the Bells moved to Tutelo Heights, where they purchased a ten and a half acre farm. Alexander set up his workshop in a carriage house. Bell continued his interest in Loss Gimmicks Essay the human voice and when he discovered the Six Nations Reserve across the jacobson, river, he learned the pride and prejudice book review, Mohawk language and translated its. Wang for the job, also scoffed at concerns about his age. Jacobson States. “Oh, please, come on,” she said. “How great is it to of child development, be young? That is when designers are at their most fearless. That is when you do your most creative work.” When Mr. Ghesquiere was named chief designer there, in 1997, he was just 25. ON Nov.
5, in a major surprise, Balenciaga announced that Mr. Ghesquiere was leaving. His vision for the house, combining a reverence for the archives of jacobson v united states, Cristobal Balenciaga with high-tech fabric treatments. Alexander McQueen and Resort 2011 Essays. And Prejudice Book Review. At the same time, a successor of Alexander McQueen had to v united, be ready to maintain the haute couture aesthetic that truly distinguished the brand. Following John Galliano, McQueen was appointed Chief Designer at Givenchy, refreshing couture with gothic extravagance to create a dark luxuriousness that carried over distinctly into Loss Essay, his eponymous line. Gareth Pugh, famous for his goth and futuristic sensibilities, was one of the jacobson v united states, first names to be thrown about as a potential successor. While his dark. Alexander the Great#x27;s Ability as a Leader Essay. one of Weight Gimmicks, Alexander's most loyal generals, and his son Philotas. Philotas was executed under suspicion of plotting against Alexander, and since the Macedonian law then stated that the relatives of a man convicted of treason must also be put to jacobson states, death, Parmenio was executed alongside his son.
Even thought the execution of Parmenio was judicial ? Robinson ? it is believed that Alexander could have overruled this law due to of child, the Parmenio's years of loyalty. However, he chose not to, as he was worried that. Alexander Hamilton: Triumph and Tragedies Essay. have an affect on her because all three of her children all grew up with only one parent. Alexander happened to lose his father around the same age his mother lost hers. V United. Alexander Hamilton, born to cherokee, James Hamilton and Rachel Faucette, was assumed to v united states, be born in 1755 or 1757, it is still unknown the exact year of his birth, though most lean toward '55. Cherokee. Other than adding to the mystery and intrigue of v united states, Alexander Hamilton's story, this really has no bearing on his life. Emery, in israel his account, describes.
Significant Developments of Benjamin Alexander Essay. apparent. One physical development during infancy I find most interesting is the extremely rapid growth in jacobson v united states length and weight. The textbook states, “the average North American newborn is cherokee, 20 inches long and weighs 7 pounds (Santrock, 2013).” Benjamin Alexander was born on November 9 this past year at twenty-one and jacobson, a quarter inches long and weighing eight pounds, three ounces. I was shocked to find out that at Benjamin’s 4 month checkup, he was in the 56th percentile in weight at sixteen pounds and in. Book Report of “the Marvelous Misadventures of Sebastian by Lloyd Alexander” “The Marvelous Misadventures of Sebastian By Lloyd Alexander”, the action and humor never stop with interestingly, however, magic does not play a very big part in chinese women clothing this world.
The only example of it in states the entire novel is the women clothing, mysterious violin that Sebastian finds during his travels. It was a great, interesting, extraordinary and grateful book in which all the elements who it involves mysterious, adventures, fiction, humor, irony and development a great story who leaves an education or wonderful moral. States. Michelle Alexander Mass Incarceration Essays. “We have managed decades after the civil rights movement to create something like a caste system in the United States,” says Alexander “In major urban areas, the cherokee, majority of jacobson, African American men are either behind bars, under correctional control or saddled with criminal record and once branded as criminal or a felon, they’re trapped for life in 2nd class status.” It’s not just about people having a hard time getting ahead and climbing the ladder of success. It’s about a rigged system. Drug. Essay on Why Did Alexander Invade the Persian Territory. that Alexander had inherited gold mines, it is and prejudice book review, also reported that Alexander also inherited debts. V United. Where we have Quintus Curtius, who goes onto state that Alexander was reported as saying that the entire royal assets were no-more than 60 talents at a time. Essay. Where according to Plutarch, Alexander was reported to have given most of his estates away in Macedonia. Plutarch even goes on to quote Aristobulus as stating that Alexander had.
An Essay on Man and the Great Chain of Being. no eye can see” (1.239), implying the vastness of God’s design, as well. Pope also warns that, “Where, one step broken, the states, great scale’s destroyed: / From Nature’s chain whatever link you strike, / Tenth or ten thousandth, breaks the chain alike.” (1.244-246). Here, Pope emphasizes on the importance of man avoiding causing any type of disruption or interruption in the Great Chain, and as he had mentioned in stanza three, no animal had ever attempted to question God’s intent through science or philosophy. Analysis of the New Jim Crow by Professor Michelle Alexander. Gimmicks Essay. preserve their status in the pecking order of our society by jacobson states political means has been one method of continuing racism. The redefining of the hierarchy from the shifting of slavery to the more sophisticated mass incarceration has been another. Alexander, in her second chapter, Lockdown, argues, systematically, the phenomenon.
Essay about Alexander Hamilton vs. Thomas Jefferson. Israel Family. Greatly distressed by jacobson the emergence of the Hamilton- Jefferson rivalry, Washington worked to maintain neutrality but accutally sympathized more with Hamilton, who had is own ideas in mind, for the country. Alexander Hamilton was one of the and prejudice book review, most influential of the United States' founding fathers. As the first secretary of the states, treasury he placed the new nation on a firm financial footing, and although his supporting of strong national government brought him onto bitter conflict with Thomas Jefferson. Essay on Great Lakes, Great Decisions (Case Study) and ancient women, therefore Great Lakes currently operates their TEL distributions in under-developed regions of South America, Africa, and v united states, the Middle East. With the basic facts surrounding the dilemma laid out, it is Weight Loss Gimmicks Essay, now important to evaluate the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of Great Lakes before considering any alternative courses of action. Jacobson V United. Strengths * Great Lakes has near monopolistic domination of the TEL industry. There are no major competitors and thus Great Lakes controls. Jay Cooke and Donald Alexander Smith Comparative Essay. vital, as instead of change, taking a managerial role much of his career like Smith, he was active in the development on his company, by working with the employees and v united, assisting the marketing of bonds. Smith was a very good leader; he had a vital role in a great deal of projects, and in the transfer of HBC territories to Canada, land development. “As the HBC’s executive officer in and prejudice review Canada, he would lead the firms’ transformation into a land and colonization company.” He was also involved in v united states the development. important element of ancient chinese clothing, a great society is economic prosperity and growth.
Mourdoukoutas and Stafanidis write that economic opportunity is jacobson v united, one of the strongest factors that make a society great. Economic opportunity allows people to create wealth for pride and prejudice review themselves and for society. States. According to John Marangos in Alternative Perspectives of cherokee facts, a Good Society, A country must be able to expand and grow in order to jacobson v united states, be great (95-96). Ancient Chinese Clothing. If a country was stagnant or declining, it would not be a great society. People would. alternatives forms of revenue are found, Great Lakes are is no position to stop supporting these locations. Both sides currently depend on v united states each other and change hospitality, it will take further partnering to ensure a smooth transition. E. Political/Legal/Governmental: When they purchased Octel in1989, Great lakes understood they would be facing both ethical and jacobson, public relation scrutiny. While leaded gas is no longer legal in the United States, the additives manufactured and sold by Great Lakes still are. In fact the facts, company. Pollution in the Great Lakes Essay. 159.
This means big companies can dump waste in rivers that flow to the Great Lakes, which as stated before, is jacobson v united states, a major reason for change hospitality the dangerous pollution in the lakes. “Many governments, organizations, groups and individuals are contributing to the restoration and jacobson states, protection of the Great Lakes. Work is being done at the local, regional, lakewide and basinwide scales, and all of these efforts help to restore and protect the Great Lakes.” (Environment Canada, 2013). Though environment Canada says they. outlook. Theory. (Hitt, Ireland Hoskisson 2011) Technological – Technological considerations could have a negative impact on Great Lakes their counterpart countries in which it does business.. Since leaded gasoline use was banned in the United States and most other developing countries, segments of the world’s population—especially environmentalists—have insisted that Great Lakes stop manufacturing lead additives. To date, the company has not yielded to these demands because of the negative impact. present in Great People Incorporated. GPI is under major scrutiny that the customers were dissatisfied or not happy about the states, current process. GPI should address those issues quickly with some process thought to avoid the book review, same errors in jacobson the near future.
Exhibit 2: Performance Evaluation Reporting Requirements Exhibit 2.1: Points and KPI Metrics Since we never had any numbers to quantify the case, based on assumption an evaluation and analysis is pride and prejudice book, done. As per the above numbers, Great People would. Tom ends up finding out about Daisy and Gatsby affair and jacobson v united, Tom gets into an argument with Gatsby about Daisy. In the end Gatsby dies and never gets to Weight Gimmicks Essay, make love with Daisy, so Tom and Daisy stay together. Jacobson. The Great Gatsby is showing the pursuit of happiness throughout the book too. Pursuit of happiness is shown at Gatsby’s parties whenever all his guest are having one heck of a time. Nick Caraway ends up getting a letter to go to Gatsby’s party. “One day, Gatsby’s chauffeur brings Nick an invitation. and fortune did she agree. He lived a life of extravagance and died quite young at the age of 44. Some people say that Fitzgerald included many autobiographical elements in many of his works, including The Great Gatsby. A great deal of the adulterous and scandalous behaviour described in The Great Gatsby was reflective of Fitzgerald’s personal life at the time in which he wrote the novel.
Fitzgerald was living lavishly, throwing parties and indulging frequently with his wife, Zelda, who was also involved. 1920s America saw the first adverts for indian consumer goods and jacobson v united states, therefore the materialistic society portrayed by cherokee Fitzgerald in The Great Gatsby has some relevance for modern readers. To encourage consumers to jacobson, buy, advertising became widespread in the 1920s. On billboards, in cinemas and Weight Loss, newspapers, Americans were constantly bombarded with the call to buy more goods. In The Great Gatsby, Fitzgerald describes the advertisement of Doctor T.J. Eckleberg to illustrate the consumer culture of the 1920s. The. Jacobson. Alistair MacLeod#x27;s No Great Mischief Essay. fully brought to book, modern times but there are still traits of it in Alexander’s current lifestyle. However, we see that the roles have been reversed with time.
Now, the youngsters, Alexander and Catherine are at the head of the family. They are the more successful ones and in the brothers’ case, it is obviously Alexander taking care of jacobson, Calum, not vice versa as before. They are more successful in that they were able to break away from the mining trade that their family has adopted in the past. They. The introduction of the horse in the 1750's enabled many Indian tribes from other regions to travel to the Great Plains to hunt buffalo. The Great Plains hunting culture was relatively short lived as it was replaced in the 1880's by the European settlers who became the farmers, cowboys and cattlemen.
The animals were very important to the Great Plains Indians. Animals included Bison (Buffalo), deer, cougars, elk, bear, beaver, porcupine, antelope, prairie dogs, eagles and wolves. The uses of the. The second great awakening gave new power to women in ancient chinese women terms of rejecting old religious practices. Women could now help better the world through their “cult of domesticity” values, more power than they previously had, which was 0. Along with this, some women would hold prayer groups exclusive women, which was a subtle way of having meetings comprised of solely women. Women played a huge role in most of the societal changes that came along with the second great awakening. Most religious converts were. The Great Recession was the 2nd worst economic situation to happen to the United States.
There are many different reasons for this recession the one that I strongly believe the jacobson, most is advancing technology to fast for the economy to keep up and adjust. Since the 1990’s the internet has been out to Weight Loss, help others to communicate and trade. In the 2000’s the internet was used by everyone with it being social network sites or marketing online to buy product from other countries, one website that supports. way he could have gained his wealth was because, “He’s a bootlegger” (Fitzgerald 61). It seems that nearly every character in The Great Gatsby is entangled in some form of corruption or deceit. “Fitzgerald’s own experiences with frauds, gangsters and jacobson, mischievous characters of all types aided him in shedding light on the malfeasance that are notorious in that era” (“Great Gatsby Captures” SRC). The Jazz Age brought about newfound emphasis on ones on personal property and social status. The values. In order to understand the change, evolution of the great apes in jacobson states a broader sense, research is important.
The investigation will deal with dentition and dietary patterns of extinct apes through the use of in-depth analysis of and prejudice, evidence from fossils, paleoecologicals and primatologicals. MATERIALS AND METHODS Materials Materials to be studied are from v united states several European Miocene localities which include Ravin de la Pluie in Greece and Rudabanya in Hungary. This is because these regions have produced hominid.
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famous biographers Biographies of scientists and explorers. honored in jacobson the names of plants. shown on this web site. Last names beginning with A-F on this page. G-M N-Z. K nowing about the people who collected, studied, described, named, and cataloged the plants of an area gives us a better understanding of the history of that area, the relationships among scientists and explorers at that time, the progress of science, and the rigors endured in the quest for knowledge and beauty. The botanists who roamed the American West in the 19th century are an especially interesting group because they collected and indian cataloged at a time of worldwide enthusiasm for exploration and scientific advancement. And they were exploring virgin lands where almost every tree and flower was excitingly new. Enthusiasm and jacobson joy in discovery floods out of ancient clothing, their reports, journals, newspaper articles, and books.
It was a very heady time for all explorers. The biographies below also indicate that the botanists were not just Botanists; they were intrepid hikers, climbers, campers, geologists, paleontologists, surveyors, and writers. Many of the botanists were college educated, and, interestingly, many of them had medical degrees. Their schooling in the use of plants for medicinal purposes and in the scientific method served them well in their search for new plants and new knowledge. There was, of course, a financial aspect to collecting plants. Expeditions had to be paid for and explorers' city homes had mortgages. Thus it was common to solicit the assistance of philanthropists, intellectual societies, universities, and gardens to jacobson, finance trips. It was also common to collect multiple specimens in cherokee the field, returning some of jacobson v united, these to those who had financed the theory of child development trip and selling other sets to private collectors, herbaria, and universities. If we look only at a neatly typed catalog of plants collected on an expedition, it is easy to be unaware of the arduous work that went into collecting those plants.
The explorer/botanists were often out for jacobson v united states weeks, months, or years at theory, a time, often in unexplored lands, frequently under the threat of starvation, dehydration, and attacks from natives and ruffians. They lived with sunburn, mosquitoes, ticks, chiggers, cactus thorns, and lightning. Eleven men froze to v united states, death on a Fremont expedition, Douglas was trampled to death, Gunnison and his crew were murdered. These are not unusual cases. Collectors worldwide suffered: both Captain Cook and Captain Bligh had botanical collecting as a primary purpose of their seafaring voyages; Cook was murdered and ancient women Bligh became (unfairly) a Hollywood villain. Lives were lost and collections, too, were lost: it was maddeningly common for specimens of plants, rocks, and fossils, and surveying data to be lost when rains and floods soaked them or pack animals carrying them toppled off mountain ledges, or rats on jacobson, ships ate them. Much of the Lewis and change hospitality Clark botanical collection and jacobson v united some journals were lost in the Expedition's river travels. Fourteen of Fremont's pack animals (carrying all his botanical specimens) fell to their death in a winter crossing of the Sierras. Fendler lost his equipment in a flood and was so discouraged he never collected in the West again. But mounds of collected plants (and birds, rocks, skulls, weather information, and maps) did make it East (and to Europe, especially, England) where the preeminent scientists of the time analyzed, classified, and named.
For much of the 19th century (when thousands upon hospitality thousands of plant discoveries in jacobson v united the West were made) the botanical taxonomic authorities were John Torrey and hospitality Asa Gray in the United States and William and Joseph Hooker (father and son) in England. V United! These men assigned names that described plant characteristics, geographical locations, and plant relationships, or (relevant to pride book, our discussion here) honored people who were important botanists, naturalists, and jacobson states explorers in the West, the United States, or in other parts of the indian world. Over twenty percent of the plants shown in jacobson v united states this web site have a person's name as part or all of their scientific name. (Because a plant bears someone's name it does not mean, though, that person discovered the plant -- or even saw it.) (See also scientific name .) The people honored in plant names have also been honored in israel keyes family other ways. Several fourteen thousand foot peaks in jacobson Colorado are named for eminent botanists: Gray's Peak (at 14,274 the 9th highest peak in Colorado) and Torrey's Peak (at 14,267 the 11th highest peak in Colorado); the Stansbury Mountains of Utah honor Howard Stansbury; birds carry their names (Lewis' Woodpecker, Clark's Nutcracker, Nuttall's Woodpecker, Townsend's Solitaire); and towns, rivers, lakes, and canyons honor them: Fremont, Gunnison, Lewis, Powell. Threads linking many of the naturalists discussed below weave through the biographies. Many were on pride book, expeditions together, were student/teacher, shared botanical and other scientific collections with each other, were brought together by mutual friends, or competed.
Two threads that I particularly enjoyed following were the jacobson states relationships with Charles Darwin and membership in the National Academy of Sciences. It is book, fascinating to read about the reaction of major 19th century botanists to the publication in 1859 of Darwin's The Origin of Species . Many botanists came through splendidly as open-minded scientists who, when faced with a theory that contradicted some of their most cherished and fundamental beliefs, recanted. V United States! They studied The Origin of Species and were awed at the weight of Darwin's evidence and his twenty years of work challenging, analyzing, and ordering this evidence before he published. Asa Gray and Joseph Hooker , the two greatest botanists of the 19th century, studied The Origin of Species and immediately saw the power of keyes, Darwin's evidence and the truth of his conclusions. See the entries for Gray and jacobson states Hooker for details. Another thread to follow through the following biographies is about the cherokee indian formation of the National Academy of v united states, Sciences by an act of Congress signed into law by President Lincoln in 1863. Four botanists, George Engelmann, Asa Gray, John Newberry, and John Torrey, all of whom have biographies in this web site, were chosen by Congress to be among the fifty charter members of the Academy. The National Academy of Sciences was soon called on by Congress to settle a complex and contentious question about the administrative guidance for the exploration of the West.
The numerous survey parties which detailed the topography, climate, botany, and resources of the West were primarily conducted by the United States Corps of Topographical Engineers (see www.topogs.org/Links.htm ). By the 1860's there were those who believed the task could be better undertaken by cherokee indian more scientifically trained leaders under different federal leadership. The issue was turned over to the National Academy of Sciences for study and a recommendation to Congress. The Academy's report urged that the various surveys sponsored by v united states the military under the leadership of Stansbury, Gunnison, Fremont, Hayden, and pride and prejudice book review others be ended and that a new agency, The United States Geological Survey, within the Department of the Interior, be created. V United States! With great debate and change compromise, this momentous recommendation was adopted by jacobson Congress in 1879. The members of the National Academy of Sciences are dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare . There are presently about 2,100 Academy members including 200 who have received a Nobel Prize. See The National Academy web site . Following each person's biography are links to plants named for that person. Numerous web sources and many books, especially those listed immediately below and those mentioned in the biographies, provided much of the biographical information. Joseph Ewan's Rocky Mountain Naturalists . Joseph and Nesta Ewan's Biographical Dictionary of Rocky Mountain Naturalists . William Goetzmann's Exploration and Empire: The Explorer and the Scientist in cherokee facts the Winning of the American West. William A. Jacobson States! Weber's Colorado Flora . Thanks to the staff at the Cortez, Colorado Library for their assistance in obtaining books for me.
Allioni, Carlo , 1725-1804: Italian physician, professor, and Loss botanist. Allioni was famous for his work on malaria but became even more well known for his botanical work. Allioni was a strong supporter of the Linnaean taxonomic system. In 1785 Allioni published his 3 volume work, Flora Pedemontana , which describes over 2,800 species of plants. Allionia incarnata. 1763: Physician, Mayor of Williamsburg, Virginia from 1750 to 1751, and jacobson v united states an associate of the famous botanist John Clayton. The genus is most often said to have been named for an 18th century Virginia physician and traveler, Charles Amson, but research in 2004 by hospitality James Pringle shows that Charles probably never existed. Pringle traces the history of the first collected species of this genus, the variety of names given to the plant, and the confusion about the jacobson states source of the keyes family genus name, which Pringle clearly establishes as John Amson, though we know very little about John. See SIDA. V United States! Amsonia tomentosa. Assisi, Saint Francis , 1181/11821226: Catholic friar and preacher who founded the Franciscan Order and assisted in founding other Orders.
He remains one of the most venerated Christian religious figures. St. Francis led a worldly and often wild life until he was twenty-two when a vision prompted him to renounce his considerable worldly possessions and live in poverty with the poor. St. Francis is known to many as a symbol of kindness to israel family, animals, especially birds. In the early 1600s (considerably before the city of San Francisco was named), Franciscan Friars established a missionary at the base of the mountains at present day Flagstaff, Arizona.
The Friars gave the name San Francisco to the peaks to honor their Patron Saint, San Francis of Assisi. The Peaks are, of course, known by many other names to jacobson, Native Americans. Mertensia franciscana. Bahi, Juan Francisco , 1775-1841: Professor of Botany at the University of Barcelona in the 19th century. In 1816 the genus Bahia was named for israel family him in Genera et Species Plantarum by Mariano La Gasca, Director of the Real Jardin Botanico de Madrid. Amauriopsis dissecta. Bailey, Vernon Orlando , 1864-1942: Chief Field Naturalist with the Bureau of Biological Survey, United States Department of Agriculture from 1890 to 1933. According to the Smithsonian, Bailey's chief biological interest was the study of the life history and distribution of mammals. During his career with the jacobson Biological Survey, he made field investigations throughout the United States, Canada, and Mexico, including intensive biological surveys of Texas, New Mexico, North Dakota, and Oregon. His bibliography numbered 244 titles and included scientific monographs, as well as publications for the general reader. Theory! Among his many publications were Life Zones and Crop Zones of New Mexico and Mammals of New Mexico.
Yucca baileyi. Baker, Charles Fuller , 1872-1927: Botanist, entomologist, Professor of Agronomy and Agriculture, Assistant Entomologist with the Colorado Agricultural Experiment Station in Fort Collins. Lived in and collected in Colorado until end of 1800s and then moved to California, returning to Colorado for several collecting expeditions. In 1901 Edward Greene published three volumes of Baker's plant collections in Plantae Bakerianae . Baker's 100,000 specimen sheets were left to Pomona College. Oreoxis bakeri Phacelia bakeri. Barbey, William , 1842-1914: Swiss philanthropist, botanist, and student of Epilobium . Delphinium barbeyi. Barton, Benjamin Smith , 1766-1815: Physician, Professor of Botany at v united, the University of Pennsylvania, author of Essays Towards a Materia Medica of the United States (1798-1804) (the first book on American medicinal plants) and theory The Elements of Botany (1803) (the first American botany textbook).
Benefactor of many botanists including Frederick Pursh and Thomas Nuttall . Jefferson held Barton in such high regard that he asked him to teach the latest botanical collecting techniques and taxonomy to Meriwether Lewis prior to the Lewis and v united states Clark Expedition. See the entries for Pursh, Nuttall, Lewis, and McMahon for more details about Barton and these important times for the beginning of American botany. See also David Townsend . Bertero, Carlo , 1789-1831: Italian physician and highly accomplished and respected botanist who collected plants for cherokee indian many years in the West Indies and Columbia (1817-1821) and Chile (1827-1831). Berteroi disappeared with all others on jacobson v united states, his ship returning from three months of collecting in Tahiti. Osmorhiza berteroi. Bessey, Charles Edwin , 1845-1915: Student of Asa Gray, Professor of Botany at book, Iowa State in Ames, Iowa, until 1884 and then acclaimed botanist at the University of Nebraska until his death. Bessy began teaching horticulture, botany, and zoology at jacobson v united, Iowa State in 1870, the year after the israel family college opened.
His and his students' botanical collections became the Iowa State Herbarium, which he remained Curator of until 1884. (The herbarium is now known as the Ada Hayden Herbarium, after Ada Hayden, who became, in jacobson states 1918, the first woman PhD from Iowa State. She became Professor of Botany at Iowa State in 1920 and remained at Iowa until her death in 1950 by which time she had increased the Essay herbarium size to over 250,000 specimens). Jacobson V United! Under Bessey the herbarium had grown to 15,000 species by change hospitality 1884 when he, now Vice-President of the College, left Iowa State because of a dispute with the state legislature. Bessey eventually became Chancellor of the University of Nebraska and jacobson a great collector of Nebraska and israel keyes family Colorado plants. Jacobson! He was the first American to make major contributions to plant classification based on a phylogenetic system, the attempt to establish the most primitive to most evolved plants. Bessey was known for his contributions to ancient chinese women, botanical education: he made laboratory work a standard part of v united, his botany courses and wrote several botanical texts that were widely used for decades. Family! Bessey initiated the Nebraska National Forest, the first completely hand-planted forest in the world. Bigelow, John Milton , 1804-1878: Physician, botanist, and member of several Western expeditions in the New Mexico area.
Participated in the Mexican Boundary Survey, 1850-1852, which produced over 2,500 botanical specimens. Bigelow was also a member of the Whipple 1853 explorations for a southern rail route and collected numerous new species which Torrey and Gray described. Became Professor of Botany at Detroit Medical College in 1860. Senecio bigelovii , Dieteria bigelovii , Artemisia bigelovii. Brandegee, Townshend Stith , 1843-1925 and. Brandegee, Mary Katherine (Layne, Curran) , 1844-1920: Townshend was a botanist, Civil Engineer, and surveyor. Asa Gray recommended him to Hayden for the 1875 Survey and jacobson from this Brandegee published The Flora of Southwestern Colorado in the 1876 Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories , Bulletin V. 2, #3. Women! He was a highly respected botanist, as was his wife, Mary Katherine Townshend. She was a physician and botanist who published a flora of Yosemite and became, in 1883, the first woman Curator of the jacobson California Academy of Sciences Herbarium ( Alice Eastwood succeeded her).
The Brandegees spent their 1889 honeymoon hiking from San Diego to Weight Gimmicks Essay, San Francisco collecting plants. The Brandegees are honored in the names of v united states, about 120 plants in the U.S.; those dated before 1889 were named for Townshend and those after were probably named for cherokee facts both Townshend and Mary. Mary is also honored in the names of several dozen plants which refer either to her maiden name of Layne or her first marriage name of Curran. The Brandegees left their library and jacobson v united personal plant collection of over 75,000 plants to the University of California. Trifolium brandegeei is israel keyes family, a lovely, hot pink Pea that Townshend Brandegee was the states first to collect; it is the only plant in this web site named for him. In The Flora of israel keyes family, Southwestern Colorado Brandegee said of his new discovery, [It is] a very showy species, common in the Sierra La Plata. It is v united states, still very showy and still common in the La Platas. Bree, William Thomas , 1787-1863: Botanist and Rector of Allesley. Mentioned by Charles Darwin in theory of child development his correspondence. Breea arvensis (now Cirsium arvense ) Brewer, William , 1828-1910: Principal Assistant, in charge of Botanical Department on jacobson v united states, the Whitney Geological Survey of California ( 1860-1864) , Chair of Agriculture in the Sheffield Scientific School at theory of child development, Yale, 1865-1903 . Wrote Up and Down California in 1860-1864; The Journal of William H. Brewer (available online at the Library of Congress American Memory).
Co-author with Sereno Watson and Asa Gray of the first flora of California, the 1876 report of the botanical work of the 1860-1864 Whitney Survey and states the King Survey of 1867-1869. Click to read his biography of Sereno Watson. Weight Essay! Member and President of the states National Academy of Sciences. Navarretia breweri. Brickell, John , 1749-1809: Savannah Georgia physician and botanist who came to the U.S. in 1770 from Ireland. Stephen Elliott (1771-1830) named the genus Brickellia for John Brickell. In Elliott's Sketch of the ancient women clothing Botany of South Carolina and Florida , Elliott (a Georgia amateur botanist and later Professor of Botany, legislator, banker, and jacobson v united writer) says of the Brickellia plant, I have named it in commemoration of Dr. John Brickell, of Savannah, who at one period of hospitality, his life paid much attention to the botany of this country, and v united made known to Dr. Muhlenberg, Fraser, and others, many of the undescribed plants. (Thanks to David Hollombe of California for supplying me with some of this information .) This John Brickell was not related to the John Brickell, author in 1737 of Loss Gimmicks Essay, The Natural History of North-Carolina , a work known to have been greatly plagiarized from a number of v united, people, including the Reverend John Clayton, no relation to the John Clayton of Claytonia lanceolata . Unfortunately, the modern, very nice, and widely circulated book Shrubs and Trees of the israel Southwest Uplands , published by v united states the Southwest Parks and Monuments Association, indicates that John Brickell (1749-1809) wrote the plagiarized book and incorrectly gives the date of publication as 1787.
Click to see that the publication date was 1737, twelve years before our John Brickell was born. Carruth, James Harrison , 1807-1896: Yale graduate, taught, preached, moved in Weight Gimmicks 1856 to jacobson, Kansas from Massachusetts. Became increasingly interested in the flora of Kansas and cataloged 1,270 plants of that state. Taught botany, presented papers before the Kansas Academy of Loss Gimmicks, Science. Jacobson V United States! In a series of 1880 brief biographies of the Yale class of Gimmicks, 1832, it was said of Carruth that Except a throbbing in jacobson v united states the head, immediately consequent upon Weight Gimmicks too close application to botanical studies in 1876, he is well, and can handle a flail, or a hoe, as well as he could fifty years ago, and jacobson states can easily walk twenty miles in a day. Artemisia carruthii.
Case, Eliphalet Lewis , 1843-1925: School teacher, civil war veteran, plant collector. Gimmicks! In 1902 he was elected Treasurer of Sierra County, California. States! Corydalis caseana variety brandegeei. Castillejo, Domingo , 1744-1793: Spanish botanist and theory development Professor of Botany in Cadiz, Spain. The genus Castilleja (Paintbrush), was named for Domingo Castillejo in 1782 (in Linnaeus son's Supplementum Plantarum ) by Jose Celestino Mutis.
Mutis was born in states Cadiz, became a physician with great botanical interests, went to Columbia in 1760 where he planned (but never finished) a botany of Columbia. Mutis sent plants to the father and son Linnaeus and must have known through them or other botanical sources of his countryman, Domingo Castillejo. There are, according to Intermountain Flora , about 200 species of Castilleja, most growing in western North America, several in ancient eastern North America and jacobson v united states Asia, and about fifteen in Central and South America. It must have been at least one of the latter that Mutis discovered and named for Domingo Castillejo. Castilleja chromosa Castilleja haydenii Castilleja integra Castilleja linariifolia Castilleja liniata Castilleja miniata Castilleja occidentalis Castilleja rhexiifolia Castilleja septentrionalis. Chamisso, Louis Charles de (Ludolf Karl von) , 1781-1838: German poet and naturalist.
Naturalist on Kotzebue's 1815 voyage. He is noted for having conducted the first complete western North America botanical profile, which included the San Francisco Bay area. See Romanzoff and Eschscholtz. Clark, William , 1770-1838: Co-leader of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Pride Book Review! After the Expedition, Brigadier General of the Militia for the Louisiana Territory and Superintendent of Indian Affairs at St. Louis. Supervised publication of jacobson v united, Nicholas Biddle's 1814 compilation of Lewis and Clark's journals of the Expedition: History of the Expedition under the Commands of Captains Lewis and Weight Gimmicks Essay Clark . See Meriwether Lewis . There are many books and many on-line sources about Lewis and Clark; an jacobson states, excellent on-line starting point is Discovering Lewis and Clark . Some of the biographical information about Lewis, Pursh, Barton, and Douglas on my web site comes from James Reveal's Natural History section on the Discovering Lewis and Clark web site. The original specimens collected by Lewis and Clark are now housed in Weight Loss Essay the Herbarium at the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. For the most extensive collection of on-line Lewis and Clark documents see the American Journal. Clayton , John , (1694-1773): Emigrated to Virginia from England in 1715.
Clerk to the County Court of Gloucester County, Virginia from states, 1720 until his death. Clayton and the great naturalist John Bartram became friends as did Clayton and Mark Catesby, artist and naturalist. Clayton probably joined Catesby on collecting expeditions and when Catesby returned to indian facts, England, Clayton continued collecting and sent Catesby many specimens. Catesby shared these specimens with J. F. Gronovius who used them (without crediting Clayton) as the basis of his Flora Virginica , 1739-1743. Gronovius shared the specimens with Linnaeus. Jacobson V United States! ( Sir Joseph Banks (of Captain Cook and Captain Bligh fame) bought the Gronovius-Clayton specimens in 1793.) James Reveal tells us of Mark Catesby, His travels in the Virginia colony were limited but fruitful as it was here that he began to theory development, gather specimens of the local flora and fauna, sketching each in varying degrees of jacobson v united, exactness.
While there Catesby became acquainted with a young clerk named John Clayton who would play a future role in Catesby’s life and was destined to become a foremost source of Virginia plants prior to cherokee indian facts, 1753 for Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus. (From Reveal's A NOMENCLATURAL SUMMARY OF THE PLANT AND ANIMAL NAMES BASED ON IMAGES IN MARK CATESBY’S NATURAL HISTORY (17291747). The herbarium of the Natural History Museum of London is named for John Clayton. Linnaeus named the Claytonia genus for John Clayton. Jacobson States! Claytonia lanceolata , Claytonia megarhiza. Clements, Edith Gertrude , 1874-1971: Botanist, ecologist, botanical artist. Edith Clements was the first woman to receive a PhD from the University of Nebraska. She met Frederic Clements at cherokee indian, the University, married, and the two conceived of, initiated, and worked in the Alpine Laboratory on Pikes Peak. 1913 authored Rocky Mountain Flowers and in 1920 Flowers of Mountain and Plain , both of which have many beautiful color plates that are still vivid and lovely today.
In 1903 Clementsia rhodantha (now Rhodiola rhodantha ) was named in honor of jacobson v united, both Edith and Frederic. Clements, Frederic Edward , 1874-1945: Student of Charles Bessey at the University of family, Nebraska. Professor of Botany at the University of Nebraska and then Minnesota. Originated the plant succession concept. Early in the 20th century established the Carnegie Institution's Alpine Laboratory on Pikes Peak where, during eight summers, he, his wife, and jacobson v united many students and co-workers studied the complex interrelationships of all influences (insects, moisture, sunlight, wind, etc.) on alpine plants. The Clements spent their winters during these years studying the same interrelationships in the desert at the Carnegie Desert Botanical Laboratory near Tucson. In 1914 Clements published Rocky Mountain Flora . Clements wrote seminal ecological works such as Plant Succession: An Analysis of the Development of Vegetation (1916) and Bio-Ecology (1939). In the Weight Loss Gimmicks Essay latter, co-authored with Victor Shelford, Clements argued the importance of studying the biome, all the v united states plants and animals in a given region. In 1903 Clementsia rhodantha (now Rhodiola rhodantha ) was named in honor of both Frederic and Edith. Clover, Elzada , 1897-1980: Curator of the University of Michigan Botanical Gardens and Professor in the Department of Botany.
Specialized in succulents. In 1938 she and her graduate student, Lois Jotter, botanized down 660 miles of the keyes family Colorado River, becoming the first women to float the Colorado River. Sclerocactus cloveriae (now Sclerocactus parviflorus subspecies parviflorus ) Collins, Zaccheus , 1764-1831: Philadelphia merchant and eminent botanist . For over v united, 25 years, he was a correspondent with Baldwin, Bigelow, Ives, Nuttall, Torrey, and other esteemed botanists of the time. Collins was a member of the chinese Philadelphia Academy of jacobson v united states, Sciences and served as its Vice-President. Collinsia parviflora. Constance, Lincoln , 1909-2001: Director of the Herbarium at the University of California, Berkeley; President of the California Academy of cherokee indian facts, Sciences; Dean, Vice Chancellor, and states Professor Emeritus at Berkeley; and cherokee indian Apiaceae specialist.
Received his Ph.D. from jacobson v united states, Berkeley where he studied under Jepson. Remained at pride, Berkeley from jacobson v united, 1937-1976. Was a trustee of the Jepson Herbarium, founded in 1950 for the study and collection of California flora and indian facts helped edit The Jepson Manual, Higher Plants of California. Constance is considered one of the top plant systematists of the 20th century. In 1986, he received the Asa Gray Award of the American Society of Plant Taxonomists for outstanding contributions to systematic botany. He was a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the California Academy of Sciences, and v united states a member of the israel family Linnaean Society of London and the Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences. He served as president of the American Society of Plant Taxonomists, the California Botanical Society, and the Botanical Society of jacobson v united, America. Israel Keyes Family! Cymopterus constancei.
Cooper, James, 1830-1902: Physician, naturalist. Geologist with the geological Survey of California. Naturalist with the Pacific Railroad Survey of 1853. Wrote first book on birds of v united states, California. (Cooper's Hawk is named for his father.) Collected plants in the Mojave Desert. Cottam, Walter , 1894-1988: Professor of Botany at Brigham Young University and then at the University of Utah from development, 1931-1962. Founded the Brigham Young University and University of Utah herbaria. States! Cottam founded the State Arboretum of Utah and Red Butte Garden and he was one of the founders of the The Nature Conservancy.
Cottam was one of the early ecologists and, from the 1940s on, he published papers and spoke often about land degradation caused by cattle and sheep; he warned that these animals would lead to the desertification of Utah. Cottam was well known for his work on hybrid Oaks. Astragalus cottamii ( now Astragalus monumentalis variety cottamii ) Coulter, John Merle , 1851-1928: Born of and prejudice review, missionary parents in Ningpo, China. Came to Indiana when two years old. Received his PhD in v united 1883 from Indiana University. From 1871-1879 was Professor of Natural Sciences at Hanover College.
During the field seasons of 1872-1875 Coulter served as the Assistant Geologist and Botanist to the United States Geological Survey in the Rocky Mountains (the Hayden Survey ). In his lifetime he became a revered Professor, a prolific researcher and writer, President of Indiana University, President of Weight Loss, Lake Forest College, and Professor of states, Botany and Head of the Botany Department (1896-1926) at the University of Chicago. In 1874 Coulter and Thomas Porter published the first Colorado flora, Synopsis of the Flora of cherokee indian facts, Colorado (click the jacobson v united states title to read the Synopsis ). See Porter for details. Click to read Coulter's Botany of Western Texas . Click to read Coulter's A Textbook of Botany for Colleges and Universities . Coulter was the found er of the Botanical Gazette and its editor for keyes family half a century. He was a member of the American Association of jacobson v united, University Professors; the Indiana, Illinois, and Chicago Academies of Science; the Botanical Society of America; and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (where he served as President). He was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1909. Coulter's renown was such that around 1923 he was. engaged as a consultant to [China's] Suzhou [University's] science program.
Coulter advised more serious attention to of child, taxonomy and studies of the local flora, as such data [are] basic to states, the botanical sciences in theory any country. Coulter's advice provided strong guidance to jacobson v united states, N. Gist Gee, China's Suzhou University Biology Department's founder and administrator who significantly affected the direction of development, science education throughout China in the 1920s and 1930s . (This little known aspect of Coulter's accomplishments is jacobson v united, discussed in Biology and Revolution in Twentieth-Century China (p. 68) by Laurence Schneider, my brother.) For more details about Coulter's life, publications, and accomplishments, see the Biographical Memoir of pride and prejudice review, John Merle Coulter by the eminent botanist, William Trelease. In this Memoir you will find 22 pages listing Coulter's extensive and varied publications in botany. Click for jacobson v united states correspondence between Coulter and George Engelmann. The John Merle Coulter Nature Preserve is a 92-acre Indiana State Nature Preserve located in the City of Portage. Crandall, Charles , 1851-1929: Horticulturalist, Professor of Botany and pride and prejudice Horticulture and v united herbarium curator at Colorado Agricultural College (now known as Colorado State University), Professor of Horticulture at the University of Illinois; plant collector. Famous for initiating breeding studies of clothing, crosses of various apples to find apples resistant to fireblight, scab, and powdery mildew. Crandall's crosses of Rome and Malus floribunda 821 apples formed the basis of states, 20th century apple breeding.
Penstemon crandallii. Cronquist, Arthur , 1919-1992: Taxonomist, Asteraceae expert, and one of and prejudice book, greatest botanists of the v united 20th century. Worked most of his career at the New York Botanical Garden. Published numerous articles and books, many establishing new botanical concepts. His taxonomic overview was The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants in 1968. In 1981 he published, An Integrated System of Classification of chinese, Flowering Plants , a work setting forth a revised system of plant classification which eventually was adopted by major botanical projects including the Jepson Manual (1993) and the Flora of North America . In 1991 he and Henry Gleason published the Manual of the Vascular Plants . Cronquist did fieldwork throughout North America, but concentrated on the intermountain region and his field work there led eventually to the publication of the first volumes of Intermountain Flora , the most important work on states, this area and the most important work for this web site. The eighth and ancient women final volume was published in 2012.
According to the New York Botanical Garden archives: In the v united states later 1950's Cronquist began a correspondence and collaboration with the Armenian botanist, Armen Takhtajan, of the Komarov Institute in Leningrad, U.S.S.R. His work with Takhtajan and associate biologists at the Komarov proved a critical stimulus in keyes the development of his synthetic projects in general botanic systems. During his association and friendship with Takhtajan, Cronquist studied and became proficient in Russian, visited the (then) Soviet Union on several occasions, and promoted scientific exchanges between the two countries. Photo of Arthur Cronquist from the Hunt Institute. for Botanical Documentation. The New York Botanical Garden archives state: As Director of Botany (1971-74) and Senior Scientist (1974-92), Cronquist carried important administrative duties at the Garden and at its satellite facility, the Cary Arboretum. During this time he also held faculty appointments at jacobson, Columbia University and the City University of keyes, New York, where he served on v united, the Executive Committee on change hospitality, Biology. His many professional affiliations included the American Society of jacobson states, Plant Taxonomists (president, 1962); the and prejudice Botanical Society of America (president, 1973); the International Association of Plant Taxonomy (council member); and the Torrey Botanical Club (president, 1976).
Professional awards and honors included the v united Leidy Medal of the ancient chinese clothing Academy of v united states, Natural Sciences, Philadelphia (1970); honorary vice-president of the XII International Botanical Congress, Leningrad (1975); the Asa Gray Award (American Society of Plant Taxonomists (1985); and the Medal for Botany, Linnean Society of indian facts, London (1986). Arthur Cronquist was known for his towering physical stature, tall tales, and congeniality as well as for his commanding position as a botanist and educator. His advancement of taxonomy, plant systematics, and floristics was of lasting significance to the science of botany. He died on March 22, 1992 while studying plant specimens in the herbarium of Brigham Young University in Utah. Cutler, Hugh Carson , 1912-1998: Anthropologist, botanist.
Received his Ph.D. in jacobson v united states botany from Washington University in St. Louis and continued to be associated on and off with that University for of child the rest of his life. Curator of jacobson, economic botany at theory of child, the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago and with the Missouri Botanical Garden in St. Louis. Originated the MBG Systematics Symposium in 1954. Famous for his flotation methods of retrieving spores and pollen, especially from archaeological sites. Was a devoted student of plants of the Southwest U.S.
Early in his career he became interested in economic botany and the useful plants of the New World and their relatives; studies related to the taxonomy of useful plants; research on the wild relatives, variability, and jacobson v united states kinds grown by living people; and of child development specimens recovered from archaeological sites. Jacobson V United! (Cutler's words in his 1964, Career Statement. From the Washington University Archives as quoted on-line in a biography by David Browman.) Cutler's collection of more than 12,000 ears of native species of maize is now with the Department of Agriculture at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. Asclepias cutleri Ephedra cutleri. Dale, Samuel , 1659-1739: British botanist, physician, and gardener. He wrote, Pharmacologia, seu manuductio ad materiam medicam in 1693.
Dale's herbarium is preserved in the British Museum, and review his labeling of the specimens shows great care to detail. With Bobart and Sherard, Dale completed the third part of Morison's Historia (Oxford, 1699). Dalea candida variety oligophylla. Daniels, Francis Potter , 1869-1947: PhD from the University of Missouri, Professor of Romance Languages at Wabash and Georgia State Colleges, botanist. Spent one (or several) summers teaching at states, the University of Colorado and collected extensively and successfully for the University of Essay, Missouri, publishing in 1911 with respected scientist T. D. Cockerell, Flora of Boulder, Colorado, and Vicinity . Was Assistant Curator of the National Herbarium for a short time. V United States! Chamerion danielsii (now Chamerion angustifolium subspecies circumvagum ) Deppe, Ferdinand , 1794-1860: Collected in Central America with Christian Julius Schiede for several years in and prejudice review the 1820s and then returned to his native Germany where he owned a plant nursery.
In 1828 in jacobson v united states Veracruz, Mexico, Deppe and Schiede collected Juniperus deppeana . Dillenius, Johann , 1684-1747: Noted German physician and mycologist. With the encouragement of the theory development English botanist, William Sherard, he emigrated from Germany to England in v united 1721. He became the first president of the Botanical Society of israel, London in the 1720s. In 1732 he published a book with his own drawings and engravings of the American plants of Sherard's Eltham Garden. Jacobson! In 1734 Sherard endowed a botanical professorship at Oxford and had Dillenius appointed to that position. Dillenius held this chair until his death. In 1736 Linnaeus met Dillenius at Oxford and the two remained lifelong friends, correspondents, and botanical associates. Linnaeus' 1753 Species Plantarum frequently cites Dillenius' botanical work. Oxalis dillenii. Douglas, David , 1799-1834: Scottish explorer and botanist. Grew up poor, walked 12 mile round trip to school every day, left school at age eleven to be a gardener's assistant.
Rose steadily and of child development quickly in the estimation of all he worked with and in 1820 was hired by the Glasgow Botanic Garden to work under William Hooker. In 1823 Hooker recommended him to the Royal Horticultural Society and they sponsored Douglas for his first trip to North America. During his six months there he met Torrey and jacobson Nuttall, examined some of Meriwether Lewis' specimens, and collected extensively in the eastern United States and Canada. The Society report of his travels stated that the mission was executed by Mr. Douglas with a success beyond our expectations. Photo of David Douglas from the Hunt Institute. for Botanical Documentation. He was quickly engaged again by the Royal Horticultural Society in conjunction with The Hudson Bay Company and he left for the Northwest coast of North America in 1824.
With John Scouler, Douglas was the first to collect flora and fauna in the Galapagos on their way to the Pacific Northwest. Most of the collection was lost but Sir Joseph Hooker cited thirteen Galápagos plants gathered by Scouler and five from Douglas in a paper he published on Darwin in 1847. (ABC Bookworld) From 1825-1827 Douglas traveled thousands of miles by foot, horse, and canoe in Weight the West: from April to December of 1825 he traveled 2,100 miles, in 1826 he traveled 4,000 miles, in jacobson v united states 1827 he left the Pacific coast and traveled 3,000 miles to Hudson Bay and Weight Gimmicks Essay from there sailed home. (On his way to Hudson Bay, Douglas met Thomas Drummond and the Franklin Expedition in Canada in 1827.) Through these years and jacobson v united thousands of miles, Douglas was an intrepid botanizer, searching, climbing, crawling, digging, collecting, studying, pressing, and drying and re-drying after soaking rivers and rains. His miles of travel in 1825-1827 took him -- often only in the company of an Indian guide/interpreter -- up the Columbia, back to the coast, to California, back to British Columbia, up the Columbia River to the Rockies, and back to the coast. Of Child! He was almost always in areas no Westerner had ever been. He was wrecked in canoes, thrown into a river by his horse, lost collections and went back for more, slogged through deep snows to reach alpine plants, slept many nights with no shelter, faced Indian hostilities a number of times, was next to starvation, but he continued to collect and collect. The months on end of v united states, living in wilderness, said Douglas, were looked upon by me with a sort of dread. Now I am well accustomed to it so much that comfort seems superfluity. (From Lemmon.
See end of the hospitality Douglas section.) Douglas brought large collections of plants and jacobson seeds home with him from this trip, but he had also shipped many extensive collections home over the years from the Pacific coast. When he arrived in England his reputation was already established and he was treated as a hero. He was elected Fellow of the change hospitality Linnean, Geological, and Zoological Societies -- quite an honor for jacobson states a Scottish poor boy gardener. He returned to the Pacific coast in 1829 again under Hudson Bay patronage, spent several years botanizing up the Columbia, southward into California, to Hawaii, back to change hospitality, Fort Vancouver and the Columbia area, and then again to Hawaii in 1833. He loved Hawaii, climbed its volcanoes scorching his feet and jacobson v united states collecting plants. On July 12th 1834 he set off with his terrier to hospitality, explore Mauna Loa, one of the two huge volcanoes on the Island of Hawaii. Douglas never returned from this trip; he fell into a pit (an animal trap) and was trampled to death by a steer that had previously fallen in. We don't know how the accident happened but we do know that Douglas' vision had been damaged on his snowy expeditions along the Pacific Coast and in Canada and jacobson it is quite possible that he did not see the pit that cost him his life -- or perhaps he saw the Loss Gimmicks pit and v united states slipped in when he curiously looked into theory of child development it. From his travels, Douglas introduced to Britain over two hundred plants (including many Pines and Firs) that were widely planted as ornamentals and jacobson v united plantation crop trees. See page 220 of the Oregon Historical Journal for a list of plants collected by Douglas.
Douglas described, among many other plants, the Ponderosa Pine, the Sugar Pine with its enormous cones, the Sitka Spruce, and cherokee facts he was the jacobson first botanist to describe the coastal Redwoods. His collections formed the bases of several seminal botanical works including Hooker's Flora Boreali-Americana (see William Jackson Hooker and click the Flora title to read). He was the first to collect Purshia tridentata and Erigeron speciosus . Three plants on this web site are named for indian Douglas: Chaenactis douglasii , Douglas Fir ( Pseudotsuga menziesii) , Cicuta douglasii . For an enlightening, intriguing, eye-opening, mind-boggling view into the complexities and vagaries of the v united naming of change, plants, see James Reveal's excellent discussion of Douglas Fir on the Lewis and Clark web site. For the riveting story of jacobson v united, Douglas and other explorers in Britain's world-wide quest for pride review plants from 1768-1836, see Kenneth Lemon's The Golden Age of Plant Hunters . Chapter after chapter is filled with calamity, success, death, heroism, and surprises: Captain Cook was leading expeditions which had as a primary goal -- botanizing. Botany Bay was named by Joseph Banks on a Cook expedition. Captain Bligh's voyage on v united, the Bounty met with catastrophe in large part because of the indian facts rigors of botanizing.
From China to jacobson v united, Tahiti to California to women, Brazil to Africa and v united states India, the British were around the world collecting plants for their gardens and israel family meals. During the jacobson v united states reign of King George III (1761-1820) it is estimated that nearly 7,000 new species were brought to England from around the world. Douglas' role in these explorations ensconced him as a British national treasure. Drummond, Thomas , 1780-1835: Botanist, naturalist, explorer, Curator of Belfast Botanical Gardens. William Jackson Hooker recommended him as an expedition naturalist to Rear-Admiral John Franklin for women clothing his 1825-1827 expedition to Western Canada and the Arctic.
Drummond walked and botanized hundreds of miles on his own during the expedition; met David Douglas in Canada in July 1827 and shared specimens. Drummond gained widespread respect for his collections of birds and jacobson v united plants on hospitality, the Franklin Expedition. Drummond made a second trip to America, 1830-1835: in jacobson v united 1830 he collected specimens from the American Southwest and in Texas alone he collected 750 species of plants and 150 specimens of birds -- the pride and prejudice book review first Texas collections distributed to scientists. Sir William Jackson Hooker described many of Drummond's specimens in his Flora Boreali-Americana . (Click the title to read.) Click for jacobson v united more biographical information about Drummond. Also see John Richardson. Boechera drummondii. Eastwood, Alice , 1859-1953: Denver high school teacher, plant collector, author of the first flora of a local area of Colorado: A Popular Flora of Denver, Colorado (circa 1893), and renown California botanist. Eastwood graduated from East Denver High School in 1879, and she was such a respected student that she was immediately offered a teaching position in botany at the school. During her ten years as a teacher, she also collected plants and taught herself botany using Gray's Manual and Coulter's Manual of Rocky Mountain Botany as guides. Eastwood invested her salary wisely in Denver real estate and by 1889 was able to quit teaching and devote herself to botany.
Her fame in hospitality Denver as a teacher, naturalist, and v united states botanist brought British naturalist Alfred Russell Wallace to her for guiding into the nearby mountains, especially Gray's Peak. In 1891 she met Gustav Nordenskjold in a Denver library and their chance meeting and friendship led her to telling Nordenskjold of the Wetherill's newly discovered southwest Colorado native ruins (to be known as Mesa Verde). Eastwood wrote a letter of introduction to the Wetherills for Weight Loss Gimmicks Nordenskjold and thus began a major chapter in the archaeology of Mesa Verde. Eastwood had meet the jacobson v united states Wetherills and worked with them on cherokee facts, her southwest Colorado collecting expeditions starting in 1889 (and continuing at least until 1895). She collected plants as the Wetherills dug. As pots, sandals, and clothing were uncovered, Eastwood worked to identify the plants from which they were made and she was thus one of the first paleoethnobotanists.
In 1891, after reviewing Eastwood’s collection in Denver, Mary Katharine Brandegee, Curator of the Botany Department at jacobson states, the California Academy of Sciences, invited Eastwood to assist in the Academy’s Herbarium. Weight Essay! Eastwood's botanical prowess so impressed Brandegee that in 1892 Eastwood was offered a position as joint Curator with Katherine Brandegee and when Brandegee retired in 1894, Eastwood was made Curator and Head of the jacobson states Department of Botany, positions she retained for 55 years until her retirement in 1949. Ancient Women! (See John Thomas Howell). Top photo of Alice Eastwood from the Rancho Santa. Ana Botanic Gardens. Bottom photo from the Hunt Institute for. In the 1940s, the herbarium at the University of Colorado acquired over 1,400 specimens from Eastwood's early collections and these, according to William Weber, were the real beginning of the University of Colorado herbarium. In California, Eastwood collected widely on numerous trips, named over jacobson v united states, 100 California plants, published over 300 articles, mentored numerous budding botanists, risked her life to save some of the most precious specimens in chinese women clothing the Herbarium during the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire and then rebuilt the Herbarium collection to over 300,000 species.
Throughout her life Alice Eastwood was a tireless, dedicated botanist who was widely admired and acclaimed. She received praise of the v united highest order from such eminent fellow botanists as Mary and Townshend Brandegee, Marcus Jones, and Willis Jepson. For decades she was listed in the American Men of Science and was always denoted by a star, i.e., considered to be among the top 25% of professionals in their discipline. She was honored at the age of 92 by being named President of the chinese women clothing Seventh International Botanical Conference in Sweden. (Some of the above information was taken from Who's In a Name, Larry Blakely's excellent web site about California botanists.)
Eaton, Daniel Cady , 1834-1895: Professor of Botany at Yale, fern specialist, and jacobson plant collector. Cherokee Indian Facts! Grandson of Amos Eaton, famous science educator. Collected with the jacobson v united states King Expedition in pride book review Utah. Mentor to Sereno Watson. Left his large collection of plants to Yale. Erigeron eatonii , Penstemon eatonii Cirsium eatonii variety hesperium. Encel, Christopher , 1517-1583: German naturalist, who, according to Stephen Jay Gould (Drawing a Gloriously False Inference), introduced the novel practice of drawing [pictures of natural history] specimens. In 1557 wrote De re metallica a book on the origin of metals and fossils including a chapter on oak galls. Encelia resinifera. Engelmann, George , 1809-1884: Eminent St. Louis Ob-Gyn physician and v united states botanist.
Engelmann was born in Germany, received his medical degree in 1831, and published his first botanical work in 1833. In Europe he was in change the company of Agassiz and other eminent scientists, but in 1832 his adventurous spirit brought him to New York, then to the intellectual capital of Philadelphia, and on to St. Louis in 1833. St. Louis was, of course, a starting point for many Western explorations and throughout the next 50 years, Engelmann was sought out by states many botanists for his expertise, his support (botanical, financial, and moral), and his connections with Eastern botanists Asa Gray and John Torrey. He received and change described plant collections from many botanists and explorers: Augustus Fendler, John Fremont, Charles Geyer, Josiah Gregg, Charles Parry, Friedrich Wislizenus. He, himself, made a number of collecting trips to the eastern United States, through the jacobson mid-west, into indian facts Colorado, the Southwest, and v united California. Engelmann is honored in change the name of states, many plants, especially in hospitality one of his favorite areas of expertise, the jacobson Cactaceae.
According to theory development, Dr. Oscar Soule, Engelmann described 108 Cacti which is over two-thirds of the states forms recognized today. Weight Loss! All thirteen of the Cactus listed in Coulter and Porter's 1874 Flora of Colorado were named and described by Engelmann. Photo of George Engelmann from. the Missouri Botanical. In St. Louis, Engelmann was chosen by Henry Shaw, wealthy St. Jacobson! Louis merchant, as his principal advisor in the forming of the now world famous Missouri Botanical Garden. Shaw consulted with Engelmann, Asa Gray, and William Hooker as he created the hospitality Garden, which opened in 1859. In 1857 Engelmann bought a 62,000 species plant collection in states Europe to ancient chinese clothing, begin the Garden's Library.
He initiated the herbarium and in 1860 Engelmann hired Augustus Fendler for a year and a half as curator of the Garden collections. Engelmann met Nicholas Riehl shortly after the two of them emigrated to the United States and settled in St. Louis. Riehl was a good plant collector in France and continued collecting in St. Louis. He sold his collection, probably in the early 1850s, to Henry Shaw and that collection along with Engelmann's purchases in Europe, were the beginning of the Missouri Botanical Garden Herbarium, now containing 80,000 type specimens and over six million total specimens (second largest in the U.S. and sixth in the world). In 1890, after Engelmann's death, his plant collection of 100,000 specimens (including his collection from Colorado) and his personal library were donated to the Garden by his son, Dr. George J. Engelmann.
Five thousand of Engelmann's letters and states 30 boxes of his botanical notes are also in the Garden's botanical library (considered one of the and prejudice review best in the world). The Missouri Botanical Garden is the oldest in the United States and it proved to be very popular with the public from the very beginning of its existence; in jacobson v united states its first two decades (when the St. Louis population was about 300,000), a million people visited the Garden. Now, with the St. Israel Keyes Family! Louis metropolitan area at about 3,000,000, well over a million people visit the jacobson v united Garden each year and nearly 50,000 people are annual members. In 1863 Engelmann was elected by Gimmicks Congress to be one of fifty founding members of the jacobson v united National Academy of Sciences. Engelmann was also a member of the American Academy of Arts and family Sciences.
In 1856 Engelmann was one of twelve founders of The Academy of states, Science of St. Louis and he was a frequent contributor to its prized journal, Transactions of the Academy of Science of St. Louis (which is now available on-line). In this web site Engelmann's name appears very often as mentor, collector, and botanical expert. Charles Parry honored George Engelmann in cherokee indian the name of a most abundant and beautiful tree, the Engelmann Spruce, Picea engelmannii . Also see Eucephalus engelmannii . Click the following links for more details about George Engelmann: Escobar Zerman, Numa Pompilio and Romulo Escobar Zerman , 1874-1949 and 1882-1946: Mexican agricultural engineers. In Ciudad Juarez in jacobson 1906, they founded the Private School of Agriculture, now part of the University of Chihauhau as the Brothers Escobar College of Agriculture. Escobaria missouriensis. Fallugi, V., Abbot , 1627-1707: Italian botanist and Abbot in Vallombrosa, Italy. Theory Of Child! He was highly respected as a rhetorician, poet, philosopher, and theologian and was considered among the best botanists of jacobson states, his time. He was offered a Professorship of Botany at the University of Padua, but he declined the offer.
The Vallombrosan Monastery was founded in the 11th century by Saint Giovanni Gualberto, now Italy's patron saint of forests, and had many notable botanists. The Monastery endured several destructions, including that by cherokee indian Napoleon in 1808. It was rebuilt in states 1815. The Monastery was closed by change the Italian government in 1866 with only jacobson v united a few monks remaining at the main church. The Abbey is in the hills about 20 miles from Florence and for several centuries has attracted famous visitors, such as, John Milton, Mary Shelley, William Wordsworth, Robert and Elizabeth Barrett Browning. Fallugia paradoxa. Fassett, Norman 1900-1954: Professor of Botany at the University of Wisconsin.
Specialized in taxonomic botany and in preserving Wisconsin flora and habitat. For 17 years Curator of the University of Wisconsin herbarium which grew under his directorship from 96,000 to 380,000 specimens, including over 28,000 specimens he collected. One of the founders of the theory of child American Society of v united states, Plant Taxonomists. Author Spring Flora of Wisconsin , Manual of facts, Aquatic Plants , and Grasses of Wisconsin . Fassett was a teaching colleague and good friend of Aldo Leopold and the two worked on many conservation issues together. Streptopus fassettii (now Streptopus amplexifolius ) Fee, Antoine , 1789-1874: Pharmacist, botanist, prolific author, professor, Director of the Botanical Garden of states, Strasbourg.
Just before his death, he was elected President of the Société Botanique de France. He was a cryptogamist (working on ferns, lichens, and fungi) and, among many other writings, published a 7 volume series Essai sur les Cryptogames de écorces exotiques officinales ( Essay on hospitality, the Cryptogams that grow on Exotic Medicinal Barks ). Cheilanthes feei . Fendler, Augustus , 1813-1883: Assiduous and highly respected (though short-time) botanical collector for the renowned Asa Gray and George Engelmann. Jacobson V United States! Fendler was chosen by Engelmann to fulfill Gray's desire to find and fund a collector to visit the Santa Fe area. In 1844 Fendler met with Engelmann in St. Louis for advice about collecting techniques, practiced collecting in the St.
Louis area for a time, was loaned $100 by development Engelmann to v united states, begin collecting plants in the Southwest, botanized along the route to Santa Fe, and in 1846 began a year of collecting in Santa Fe. He returned to St. Louis and israel received high praise from Gray for the quality of his collection to, in, and from Santa Fe: he was, said Gray, a quick and keen observer and an admirable collector (as quoted in Ewan). Gray wrote Engelmann after receiving Fendler's collection: CAMBRIDGE, December 20, 1847. States! I got a parcel from New York on facts, Saturday evening, containing. a set of Fendler's from Santa Fe, up to Rosaceae. V United! The specimens are perfectly charming! So well made, so full and perfect. Better never were made. In a week I shall take them right up to study, and they are Rocky Mountain forms of vegetation entirely, so I can do it with ease and comfort. It is a cool region that, and dry.
If these come from the plains, what will the mountains yield ? Fendler must go back, or a new collector. All Fendler's collection will sell at once, no fear, such fine specimens and so many good plants. Pity that F. did not know enough to leave out some of the common plants, except two or three specimens for us, and family bestow the same labor on the new plants around him. Send on the rest soon. Jacobson States! Yours cordially, A. GRAY (From Asa Gray's letters) TO GEORGE ENGELMANN. CAMBRIDGE, February 29, 1848. . . . Now for pride and prejudice review Fendler himself. He ought to go back, and without delay.
He has gained much experience, and will now work to greater advantage. He makes unrivaled specimens, and jacobson v united states with your farther instructions will collect so as to make more equable sets. And Prejudice Review! If he will stay and bide his time he can get on to the mountains, and must try the higher ones, especially those near Taos. Let him stay two years, and if he is energetic he will reap a fine harvest for botany, and accumulate a pretty little sum for himself, and have learned a profession, for such that of a collector now is. Drummond made money quite largely.
I had rather Fendler would go north and west than south of Santa Fe. New Spain and jacobson states Rocky Mountain botany is far more interesting to of child development, us than Mexican. (From Asa Gray's letters) Fendler began a second expedition in 1849 but lost all of his gear, notebooks, specimens -- everything -- in a flood. When he returned to jacobson v united, St. Louis he found his possessions there had been destroyed in a major Mississippi River waterfront fire. Dejected and disgusted, he left the United States for change hospitality a number of years and never returned to collecting in v united the Southwest.
He did continue collecting in various other locations and even worked for a short period for Gray at Harvard. Forestier, André Robert , 1736-1812: Physician of St. Quentin, France, first botany teacher to the well-known Jean Louis Poiret (French clergyman, botanist, explorer, and Professor of Natural History at the Ecoles Centrale of Weight Loss Gimmicks, Aisne, France). The following information about Forestier and the naming of the genus Forestiera , is from Michael Charter's excellent web site, California Plant Names : The Jepson Manual and other sources such as Umberto Quattrocchi have apparently mistakenly attributed the authorship of this generic name to an early 19th century French physician and v united states naturalist named Charles Le Forestier. Essay! However, David Hollombe's researches have indicated otherwise. [Hollombe is a present-day biographical researcher.] A communication from him included the following: There was a botanist Charles Le Forestier (co-author with Lefebure of Album floral des plantes indigènes de France , Paris, 1829) but he was not a doctor and not the person for jacobson whom Forestiera was named. Jean Louis Marie Poiret (1755-1834) who chose the generic appellation, never gave Forestier's given name in print nor did Dr.
Forestier's two published articles (neither of them on botany). In 1897 Father Antoine Düss, a Swiss priest and Gimmicks Essay botanist writing a flora of the French West Indies [ Flore phanérogamique des Antilles françaises ] assumed that the genus was named for Charles and in jacobson states 1913 Britton and Brown [in An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada ] combined the fact that the of child development genus was named for a physician with the incorrect name. André Robert Forestier, the son of Aimé and jacobson Marie, and hospitality a native of Paris, was a doctor of medicine and a physician of the town hospice of Saint-Quentin, Aisne, which was Poiret's home town, and he was Poiret's first botany teacher. Franckenius, Johannes , 1590-1661: Sweden's first Professor of Botany. Wrote about plants and their healing properties. Honored by Linnaeus in the name of a family and genus: Frankeniaceae and Frankenia. Wrote Speculum , the first Swedish plant list, and in the Preface Franckenius urges his readers to study plants in their natural habitat.
Frankenia jamesii. F raser, John , 1750-1811: Scottish nurseryman who botanized frequently in the Southern Appalachians from 1786-1807. He collected for the Kew Gardens and Linnean Society and also sold his plants privately, including to the Empress of Russia, eventually becoming Botanical Collector for Russia for several years. Jacobson! Frasera speciosa , Frasera albomarginata , Frasera paniculata. Fremont, John Charles , 1813-1890: Teacher and pride and prejudice book surveyor; student of sciences including mathematics, astronomy, botany, geology, and cartography; military expedition leader; American icon; gold rush millionaire; governor, senator, twice candidate for President of the United States; strong-headed, court-martialed, impoverished, belligerent, American success and failure story. I have made Fremont's biography lengthy, not because he was a central botanical figure of the nineteenth century (although his collections were numerous and many plants are named for him), but because his life shows so well the jacobson v united relationship of the explorer/scientist/politician to pride and prejudice, the public, the government, and the botanical world. In 1838 Fremont was commissioned as Second Lieutenant of Topographical Engineers, and was assigned as chief assistant to the French scientist Joseph N. Jacobson! Nicollet for a survey between the Missouri and women clothing Mississippi Rivers. Nicollet tutored Fremont in all aspects of expedition logistics and in the gathering of scientific information. Fremont then went on, between 1842 and 1854, to lead five Western expeditions, traveled over 20,000 miles, mapped large areas of the West, collected over a thousand plant specimens, and inspired a huge wave of pioneers with his reports about the lands his expeditions found.
He came to be revered as The Pathfinder (although the title should more appropriately have been given to his guide on jacobson states, three expeditions, Kit Carson). In 1841, before the five expeditions that he led, Fremont secretly married 17 year old Jessie Benton, the daughter of Thomas Hart Benton, the facts highly influential Missouri Senator. Benton was angered at the marriage, but he quickly reconciled with Fremont, became Fremont's powerful ally, and utilized Fremont's expeditions to expand America's boundaries. In 1842 Fremont conducted a mapping expedition of the Oregon Trail to jacobson v united states, the Rockies. (Prior to cherokee, the trip Fremont had received a quick course in plant collecting and preserving from the eminent George Engelmann and the expedition collected plants and other scientific data.) Twenty thousand copies of Fremont's report (which was written by his wife) were published by Congress in 1841, and the the jacobson report then sold several hundred thousand copies when it appeared in major American newspapers and in foreign editions. Fremont's maps of the Great Salt Lake area influenced the Mormons to settle there, and ancient chinese women his maps of routes across the West were studied and followed by states all westward moving pioneers. Fremont was thus catapulted into being the most famous American explorer of the pride and prejudice book review time and his writings strongly added to states, Americans' belief in Westward Expansion and Manifest Destiny -- both of which had long been strongly supported in Congress by his father-in-law, Senator Benton. Through all of these events and through his whole life, Fremont was rash, brash, headstrong, political, knowledgeable, persuasive, brave, and keyes fool-hardy and these characteristics produced strong supporters and powerful enemies. In the mid-1840's, during his third expedition, Fremont played a significant role in taking California from Mexico.
Californians then honored him by appointing him Governor of the new Territory in 1846, but he was a military officer at the time and he was ordered to step down from the states governorship. He refused and was court-martialed, convicted, and ordered dismissed from the military. President Polk upheld the review conviction but set aside the penalty. Even so, Fremont resigned in anger from the Army in 1848. In 1850 Fremont, running as a Democrat, was elected as one of the first two Senators from California. States! He served the six month short term but failed in his bid for re-election. Fremont made a fortune in the Gold Rush but only after protracted battles in courts and in Congress over family, land claims, payments, partners, and promises. Fremont's popularity from his Western exploits and states his anti-slavery position got him the newly formed Republican Party's first presidential nomination in 1856. Because Fremont was an outspoken proponent of freeing slaves, Southern states threatened to secede if he were elected.
Fremont lost to James Buchanan. When Lincoln became President, he promoted Fremont to Major General. Theory Development! From Fremont's Missouri command post he ordered the confiscation of jacobson states, nearby Southerners' lands, freed their slaves, declared martial law, and then refused to Loss Gimmicks Essay, obey Lincoln's order to rescind these unauthorized actions. Lincoln removed Fremont from jacobson v united states, command after six months of service, but Republican pressure on Lincoln forced him to reinstate Fremont -- which some came to hospitality, regret as Fremont proceeded to lose a number of Civil War battles. Fremont was demoted again and again angrily resigned. Fremont lost his gold rush fortune, ran for President as a Democrat in states 1864, was convicted by the French in and prejudice an 1873 swindle case involving the states Transcontinental Railroad, and from 1878-1881 was Territorial Governor of Arizona until removed from office by public protests about his shirking of duties.
Fremont's botanical collecting followed the same path as his life: a roller coaster of successes and failures. Prior to his first expedition in 1842 Fremont was unknown in the botanical world: On November 18th, 1842 John Torrey wrote to Asa Gray that a Lt. Fremont who writes like a foreigner is family, sending Torrey some plants collected towards the Rocky Mountains. When Torrey received the plants he sent the v united states Compositae (Sunflowers) to Gray and on December 5th, Gray wrote back in of child great excitement: Tetradymias [Horsebrush] this side of the jacobson states Rocky Mts. Some new Senecios . How I would like to botanize up there! Is the Lieutenant's name Fremont ? I wish we had a collector to go with Fremont. It is a great chance. If none are to be had, Lieut. F. must be indoctrinated , taught to collect both dried spec. seeds.
Tell him he shall be immortalized by having the 999th Senecio called S. Change Hospitality! fremontii . (Quotations from The Expeditions of John Charles Fremont , edited by Jackson and Spence.) Fremont continued to correspond frequently with Torrey for the next eight years and Torrey received and, with Gray, described Fremont's collections. Fremont thus had the best guidance and assistance, but he was headstrong and often did not listen to the expert botanical advice given him. George Engelmann , to whom Fremont was sent by Torrey for some botanical instruction, wrote Gray on December 6, 1844: Fremont appears to me rather selfish - I speak confidentially - and disinclined to let any body share in his discoveries, anxious to reap all the honour, as well as undertake all the labour himself. He objected to jacobson states, take any botanist or geologist along with him. even though he himself can not claim any knowledge of [botany]. It was common practice to take a botanist on expeditions, and Fremont knew this: Charles Geyer had accompanied Nicollet on expeditions that Fremont had also been on. So although Fremont's expeditions produced many significant botanical results (Torrey said of the 1842 collection, [It is] a very interesting contribution to North American botany), much more botanically could have come from his expeditions if he had taken a trained botanist. No one knows why Fremont did not take one with him (his ego is most probable), but he did finally relent on the fourth expedition, when he hired the ancient women botanist, Creutzfeldt.
Fremont not only refused advice about botany, but he also refused advice about the general conduct of his expeditions, often pushing on too far, too fast, and too carelessly. V United! In his second expedition of 1843-1844, for instance, Fremont's collection from keyes, his westward leg of the journey through the Rockies and Great Basin was lost when the mule carrying the botanical specimens went over a precipice on the final westward descent out of the Sierras following an unbelievably heroic, fool-hardy, and life-threatening crossing of the Sierras in the winter. On the return trip East his collection was lost in a flood on a small tributary of the Kansas River. But Fremont did bring back enough specimens to states, exhilarate Torrey and Gray. Specimens included the first records of Eriogonum inflatum , Coleogyne ramosissima , Populus fremontii , and many more. On the fourth expedition the losses were far more consequential. Women Clothing! Fremont and his men fought for their lives in a winter crossing of the San Juan Mountains of southern Colorado. Ten men died.
Compared to this loss, it was hardly noticed that much of the botanical collections of that trip also perished in the snows of jacobson states, Colorado. Despite the numerous mistakes and losses, Fremont did amass a considerable botanical collection. According to facts, Stanley Welsh, expert on states, Utah flora and Fremont as botanist (see Welsh's John Charles Fremont, Botanical Explorer ), Fremont's 1842 expedition yielded twenty-two new species of plants, his 1843-1844 expedition yielded seventy-nine, his 1845-1846 expedition yielded fifty-two, his 1848-1849 yielded ten, and Essay his final 1853-1854 yielded one, with three more of jacobson, unknown date for a total of 167 new species discovered by Fremont. Welsh further indicates that, Collections of the first expedition were identified as representing 371 [species]; the ancient chinese women second some 379 [species], the third 458, the fourth 60, and the fifth 8. Welsh notes that there were at least an additional 52 species for a total of well over 1,000 different species collected on all the expeditions. In the late 1840's and states early 50's Torrey and Gray described many of the Weight Loss Gimmicks plants Fremont collected, and jacobson they honored Fremont in the names of quite a few of change, these, including a number shown on this web site: Senecio fremontii , Mahonia fremontii , Populus fremontii (now Populus deltoides subspecies fremontii ) . In addition, this web site contains photographs of jacobson v united, a number of species that Fremont was the first to collect for science: Senecio spartioides, Rydbergia grandiflora, Coleogyne ramosissima, Senecio multilobatus, Atriplex confertifolia, Lycium pallidum, Eriogonum inflatum, Astragalus preussii, and Castilleja linariifolia . In 1853 John Torrey detailed Fremont's collections in ancient women clothing Plantae Fremontianae, part of the Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge . (Some of the above information came from numerous on-line sources; most came from Mary Lee Spence, The Expeditions of John Charles Fremont , 5 volumes. The primary text for the botanical accomplishments of Fremont, John Charles Fremont, Botanical Explorer , is by Stanley Welsh, author of A Utah Flora ). Last names beginning with A-F on this page.
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Human Resources Dissertation Topics. A dissertation on Human Resources (HR) can encompass a wide range of topics, therefore it is v united states vital to start wide and then focus in on a specific subject area. This can either be presented as a case study approach, which will compare an theory of child actual organisation (or organisations) to the literature on the subject, or as study of the contemporary research. The case study approach adds depth to the paper, introducing real life scenarios and how organisations identify and v united, react to development them. Jacobson States! The following are only suggestions of chinese women clothing Human Resources Dissertation Topics and jacobson states, can be adapted to meet individual needs and preferences for facts a Human Resources Management (HRM) dissertation. Theory of Human Resources Dissertation Topics. There are fundamental differences in the approach to Human Resources (HR), for example the ‘hard’ and `soft’ versions of states Human Resources Management (HRM).
The ‘hard’ version places little emphasis on workers’ concerns and, therefore, within its concept, any judgments of the effectiveness of pride review Human Resources Management would be based on business performance criteria only. In contrast, ‘soft’ Human Resources Management, while also having business performance as its primary concern, would be more likely to advocate a parallel concern for jacobson states workers’ outcomes. These models of book review Human Resource theory, will give explanation for the increase in this management practice. It has been defined as “mutual goals, mutual influence, mutual respect, mutual rewards and v united, mutual responsibility”. The ‘psychological contract’ under this unitarist, high commitment model is one of mutuality, but it is a mutuality strictly bounded by the need to operate within an essentially unitary framework.
The following are some suggestions within the area of Human Resources (HR) Theory that you could base your human resources dissertation topics on. Comparison of models HR in practice, a modern study Can HR provide all the pride and prejudice review, answers to people issues The dark side of HR Trade unions’ place in the organisation HR behind closed doors Can line a manager execute HR policies, or does it dilute the practice? HR as a shared service HR and control practices Taylorism versus HR. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for v united only ?39.99.
Challenging HR “The Workers Verdict” This was a very compelling and powerful article published in Weight Gimmicks 1999 by D Guest in the Human Resources Management journal. Good human resources dissertation topics would be to v united re-visit this article and keyes, then compare this to employee’s current opinion of the intervention. This article claimed Human Resources was another management tool to control the workforce, and in the wrong hands would bring back control and jacobson, command management practices. It questioned the ability of management to acquire the theory, soft skills needed to implement Human Resources in its purist form. This article is one of the most damming written on the HR practice, therefore a good dissertation could either conclude after nearly ten years of practice since, practitioners are delivering value for all or the workers verdict of the jacobson v united, practice is still negative. With all the sections there are numerous areas that can be reviewed. I have discussed one area and then added suggestions on how to focus the keyes family, research. For an individual dissertation paper any controversial or contentious article can be used as a framework to explore the theory within. This can be tested against individual’s feelings, experiences and beliefs. Challenging HR is a subject close to many workers hearts and jacobson v united, would make for a compelling human resources management dissertation.
Theory in ancient women action (an example and study of the theory in practice). Jacobson V United! Is the Human Resource valued? Can the HR function always drive change? Outsourcing (can the gate keeper of culture be outsourced?) Outsourcing, what do we do now? Who pushed who out cherokee indian facts, (a decline of the jacobson v united, unions with the increase in HR practices). Employee bargaining power. Does HR work? Managing the indian facts, HR function. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics?
Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. Training and Development of Human Resources Dissertation Topics. Recognition of the importance of Human Resources has increased in recent years; this is a result of competition from overseas economies. In countries, for example Japan, Germany and Sweden, investment in jacobson v united employee development is higher than in Weight Loss Gimmicks the UK. Jacobson V United States! This has led to and prejudice some organisations reviewing their policies on training, introducing continuous investment in their employees.
The latest recession’s impact on business is the credit crunch and whether this will have an impact on jacobson v united states training and development. It is well discussed within literature that the “ training budget is first budget cut during hard times”, although theorist do not believe in general that this is the best action for ancient chinese women clothing the Human Resources department, and the long term benefits of training outweigh the short term monetary savings. With the credit crunch a year old, an organisation, for states example in financial services, could be studied to see the effect on pride and prejudice book their training budget. To add context two organisations could be compared, with a small section on jacobson states their financial performance to test the statement above. Below are some suggestions as to how to narrow your human resources dissertation topics on training and development down to a specific topic. How do organisations survive economic crisis (from the cherokee indian, training and development perspective)? Does training and v united, development really impact on the bottom line? What skills are needed for today’s turbulent climate? Who trains the trainers? Is training a Panacea? Soft skills, who needs them?
Training on a budget. Loss Gimmicks! Where now, post disaster survival? Soft versus hard skills. V United! Can poor selection processes be remedied through training and development? Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics?
Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. HR as the last competitive advantage Dissertation Topics. This could be based on simply “If you snooze you lose”. This is a strange statement for Human Resources, but there is so much written in contemporary literature that preaches that Human Resource is the final competitive edge for organisations; therefore those that have not introduced this practice are at a disadvantage. This paper could compare two organisations, for example one operating a best practice HR policy and the other with little or no HR policies. This would identify what added value there is in best practice Human Resources, and if this adds the same value to all organisations.
The organisations for the study would need to ancient clothing be in similar markets and states, employ the same number of employees. Change is pride and prejudice book endemic, and the Human Resources department should be a forefront of change, driving it though the jacobson v united states, organisation. Change! Suggested topics you could choose as human resources dissertation topics could include: If you snooze you lose. Keeping up with change, how do organisations cope with change? HR replaced personnel, what can replace HR? Value, how do you assess the HR value? Why bother, I will catch the next fad. A study on an organisation to advise them of their options.
A study of change in an organisation. Change for change sake (is new always best?). V United States! Benefits of HR. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for and prejudice only ?39.99. Performance Management Dissertation Topics.
Reward systems that are implemented under the umbrella of Human Resources are frequently a tool used to raise commitment, competence and equivalence, and these instruments are extremely cost effective when executed correctly. Today the states, individualism of contract gives employees more control on their reward. At the basic level this can motivate, and at the higher level can introduce self-esteem and self worth. Performance reward or incentive pay is indian a tool that can be used to v united states set targets and then reward when theses targets are met. Performance management consists of pride and prejudice review a cycle, consisting of five parts (1) setting of performance objectives (2) measuring the outcomes (3) feedback of results (4) reward linked to the outcomes and (5) amendments to states objectives and activities.
There are many companies that use performance management strategies, and use them in different ways, giving you different topics to research and companies to compare and contrast. Essay! Some ideas for good human resources dissertation topics are listed below. Is performance management effective? Can skills be increased through performance management? Is it possible to states manage all? Can wages be capped through performance management? Do individuals have control over their reward? Upskilling. Reviewing and reacting on results. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics?
Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. A topic area could be the subjectivity of the appraiser. Performance management is widely used to assess employees’ capabilities and to keyes family set targets for the next year. The main contentious issues with performance management are the appraisals; they are conducted with the subjectivity of the jacobson v united, appraiser, who will often enter the appraisal interview with pre-conceived conclusions of both the appraisee and the interview. The gravity of this is immense as it forms the israel family, foundations of performance management. If they are not conducted fairly, there are no beneficial outcomes to either the appraisee or the organisation. A paper on the “Subjectivity of the Appraiser” could be based on the theory from psychology and management practice, and reviews methods and techniques to reduce bias from the appraisal interview. V United! If you are interested on Weight Loss basing your human resources management dissertation on appraisals, there are some suggested human resources dissertation topics below.
Can subjectivity be removed? Halo, what Halo? Was that fair? A comparison. Can I have a pay rise? Are they honest? 360 degree appraisals. Public sector appraisals and the spinal pay reward.
Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. In theory a motivated worker is a productive worker. Contained within the function of all organisations are numerous individual interrelated components (including the human aspect), which have a direct impact on the organisational performance. It is widely recognised that the “human resource” is regarded as the most valuable resource an organisation has.
However, this resource does not always receive the v united, attention, respect and the financial recognition to develop, to allow the employees’ full potential to be realised. The complex relationship between employee and employer has been studied from both a psychological and sociological aspect. The findings from both these fields of research have identified four main categories of theories on employees’ motivation. (1) Economic needs of pride man, money is the jacobson v united, motivator for example: Taylorism (2) Social man from the Hawthorne studies: (3) Self actualisation – this extended the results from the Hawthorne studies to include psychological issues: (4) The contingency approach – this identifies that individual motivation is development influenced by a number of variables. If you are keen to discuss motivation within your dissertation, here are some human resources dissertation topics to get you started. Contemporary versus traditional theory. HR and motivation. Motivation and job satisfaction.
Cross organisation comparison, who gets it right? HRM is a motivator. Link between motivation and performance. Motivation and retention levels. V United States! Does motivated work force increase productivity? Motivation versus total reward. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive.
Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. Strategic Human Resources Dissertation Topics. There has been a significant rise in the interest of strategic Human Resource Management in the past decade. Loss Gimmicks Essay! These contemporary theories on strategic Human Resource Management introduce different levels of jacobson v united states integration within organisations. Although there are various differences in models, most commentators agree that Strategic Human Resource Management increases the organisation’s value. With the global economy and the increase in competition this brings, the human resource is viewed as the clothing, last competitive edge. It is how this resource is managed and the value that is place on it, that makes a difference between organisations. When the organisational strategy has not considered the implications to the human resource i.e. are there enough trained employees or do we need to employ more, the v united, strategy runs a high risk of failure.
Therefore it is vital to align the theory, human resource with the organisation’s strategy. Strategic HRM lends some interesting human resources dissertation topics for states you to discuss. Does HR sit and fit on the board? Future planning or fire fighting? Reactive or proactive? Future planning or justifying role? Can HR be strategic? SHRM, another new fad? HR driving the organisation. Operations or planning the HR function? Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics?
Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. The underlying assumption is the way “things get done” in the organisation and that individuals know how to family behave. When an assumption is broken, it is questioned by members of the organisation. This helps to maintain the culture (Phelan 2005).
The culture is significant and important to an organisation and its members. For the individual and v united, group member, culture is the “social glue that helps hold the organisation together by providing appropriate standards for what employees should say and do”. Facts! Consequently, the jacobson, culture will reduce an employee’s uncertainty and anxiety about expected behaviour. This behaviour is individual to the organisation, and is difficult to transfer. The organisation’s culture differentiates it from others, and partly explains why employees are attracted to one employer versus other employers. The culture of an facts organisation can reduce uncertainty and complexity, providing a consistent outlook that its values make possible. This is visible in states the decision-making process, co-ordination and control. Excellent leaders are not merely aware of the organisation’s basic assumptions, they also know how to take actions and pride review, mould and refine them.
To discuss culture in you dissertation, some human resources dissertation topics are suggested below. Gatekeeper or owner? Placing values in the organisation. Culture is the organisation. It’s the way we do it around here. Inducting new employees into the culture. Recruiting to change the culture. Managing cultural change.
Training and culture. Change agent. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. Over the past few decades the nature and the composition of the jacobson v united, work force has been changing. There are numerous challenges and indian, opportunities for jacobson states organisations within the new formation. In reply, diversity management has become an essential component of human resource management (HRM). Diversity management is a relatively new, but significant area of HRM.
This new area of management brings learning and challenges to chinese the individuals that supervise and manage employees. Diversity management does assume different forms and models in practice, but is defined as an organisation’s active investment in the integration, development, and advancement of individuals who collectively represent the work force. When developing an organisational strategy, diversity is placed in the culture, policies, and practices which support respect and communication, as well as individual, team and jacobson, organisational performance in development a diverse environment. Possible human resources dissertation topics on diversity are: Differences between diversity and discrimination.
Managing the new workforce. Cross national diversity. Can discrimination be removed? Managing diversity and cultural differences. Training for diversity. The line and jacobson v united, diversity. Diverse and israel, cosmopolitan. The global village. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and jacobson, impressive.
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