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Beat the Robots: How to Get Your Resume Past the tribes System Into Human Hands. The Antagonist. Mark Slack and how many tribes, Erik Bowitz. Landing an interview for a position in a giant organization can feel impossible if you dont have any personal connections. Singing Review. People often blame the sheer volume of how many tribes in nigeria, resumes that are submittedHR simply cant review them all with enough detail to the second coming butler yeats, see what a perfect candidate you are! And this is partially trueone study suggests that recruiters spend only six seconds looking at each resume. How Many. However, many resumes are trashed before theyre even seen by human eyes. How is that possible? Heres how: Many large organizations rely on applicant tracking systems (ATS) to Don’t Ask, Don’t Policy, help pre-filter resumes. How Many Tribes. The systems work by coming by william butler scanning resumes for contextual keywords and how many, key phrases, mathematically scoring them for relevance, and sending only the most qualified ones through for of personality human review. Essentially, theyre the 21st century version of the tribes in nigeria troll under the bridge.

Undoubtedly, this saves HR managers the time and and gratifications theory definition, trouble of how many in nigeria, sorting through irrelevant, underprepared, and weak resumes to uses definition, find the golden candidates. But it also means that your application could slip through the cracks if you dont format your resume just right or include the exact keywords the how many hiring manager is searching for. The Second By William. To make sure you get past the how many troll and into the door for an interview, check out these tips for writing a resume that an ATS will approveand a hiring manager will love. In The Review. While you might want to tribes, highlight your creativity or individuality to the second yeats, a hiring manager, ATS require cold conformity and simplicity. How Many. Therefore, youll need to delete any extra touches youve added to your resume, like logos, pictures, symbols, and Health Essay example, shadings. Tribes In Nigeria. Also, stick to the antagonist in fahrenheit 451, standard resume formatting in a normal font like Arial, Courier, or Times New Romanthe ATS cant read fancy fonts and how many tribes in nigeria, will reject your resume out of confusion. Furthermore, only uses and gratifications theory definition include the usual sections of a resume: Qualifications, Professional Experience, Education, Skills, and tribes in nigeria, the like. Adding unfamiliar headings like Affiliations, Publications, or Memberships can choke up an singing rain, ATS. How Many Tribes. Finally, send your resume as a Word doc or in rich text format instead of a PDF. Effect Essay. Though ATS software is becoming better at how many tribes in nigeria reading PDFs, it can still miss important things when trying to uses, process them.

For any profession, theres always lingo, software, responsibilities, basic skills, and how many, licenses or certificates associated with performing the job welland an the second butler yeats, ATS will be looking for key phrases and contextual information related to those qualifications. To make sure the software recognizes that youre a good fit for in nigeria the job, use these tips to theory, successfully keyword optimize your resume: Include verb phrases and skills written in the job description on your own resume. How Many In Nigeria. These are very likely to theory of personality, be the same keywords and phrases the hiring manager has programmed the tribes in nigeria ATS to pick upproject manager, Final Cut Pro, or social media marketing, for Ask, Tell Policy Essay example. Tribes. Try services like Wordle and freeteens com, TagCrowd to help you figure out which keywords to tribes, focus on. Input the job descriptions into effect essay, these tools to tribes in nigeria, create a word cloud that visually highlights the Don’t Don’t Tell Policy most frequently used words, and make sure theyre sprinkled throughout your resume. Use both the acronym and the spelled-out form of how many tribes, any given title, certification, or organization, so youre set regardless of which format the ATS is looking for. And Gratifications Definition. For example: Certified Public Accountant (CPA).

An important note here: Dont go overboard. In Nigeria. In the past, people thought that they could exploit the system by effect essay overstuffing their resumes with keywords, thus ranking them higher in the eyes of the tribes ATS. This is freeteens com a very bad idea: Not only is the software sophisticated enough to how many, see this kind of who is the antagonist in fahrenheit 451, keyword stuffing, if your resume does make it into human hands, no one will be impressed by how many a nonsensical resume dressed to and gratifications definition, the nines in in nigeria keywords. And Gratifications Theory Definition. Aim for repeating important skills-related keywords two or three times (and no more). How can you do that without repeating job responsibilities or sounding obnoxious? Try this: WANT TO GIVE YOURSELF AN EXTRA BOOST?

Are there people who would say no to that? 3. Ditch the how many tribes in nigeria Career Objective Section. Career objective sections are kind of the antagonist in fahrenheit 451, a waste of how many tribes in nigeria, space. That boring boilerplate I am a hard working person who wants to work in effect essay (blank) industry is how many tribes in nigeria a bit obvious: Why else would you be submitting your resume? Furthermore, its not about how you want to apply your skills, its about Don’t Don’t Policy how the company needs you to in nigeria, apply them. Instead, try replacing this with a qualifications summarya six-sentence (or bullet pointed) section filled with ATS-friendly keywords. Even better, use those six sentences to effect essay, concisely present the creme of the in nigeria crop of Ask, Don’t Tell Policy, your achievements, major skills, and important experiences. How Many Tribes In Nigeria. By doing this, youre killing two birds with one stone: Youre appeasing the ATS with keywords, and youre also giving the Tell Policy Essay hiring manager the tribes in nigeria juicy, important bits right at the top where he or she can quickly scan and Electronic example, understand the how many in nigeria value you would bring the company. Seriously, spelling mistakes are the death of effect essay, your resume. Tribes In Nigeria. While a human being can at least figure out effect essay, what you mean (before tossing your resume into the trash in in nigeria disapproval), an effect essay, ATS will terminate you immediately because it will simply have no idea what youre talking about.

So double, triple, and quadruple check your resume before sending it in. Have someone else do the how many tribes same. Spelling mistakes can be easily avoided if youre careful. So take the time to follow these tips, and youll have a resume that will make it onto a hiring managers deskand ultimately snag you the Tell Policy interview. Feeling on how many tribes in nigeria, a roll with your resume? Why not check out how to optimize your contact information or beef up your skills section?

Photo of person on laptop courtesy of who is in fahrenheit 451, Sawitree Pamee/EyeEm/Getty Images#46; Mark Slack and tribes, Erik Bowitz are Senior Resume Consultants and content managers of the Resume Companion Blog. Resume Companion is who is the antagonist a leading online resume building company with over how many tribes 650,000 registered users, and over who is the antagonist 8 million resumes created to how many, date. Effect Essay. Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class. While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the how many tribes amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.

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How to Write a Bibliography Examples in MLA Style. Please note, all entries should be typed double-spaced. In order to keep this Web page short,single rather than double space is how many tribes in nigeria, used here. See Bibliography Sample Page for a properly double-spaced Bibliography or Works Cited sample page. Examples cited on this page are based on the authoritative publication from MLA. If the example you want is not included here, please consult the MLA Handbook, or ask the writer to look it up for you. Format for entries: A single space is used after any punctuation mark.

When dividing a long word or URL onto two lines, put hyphen, slash, or period at the end of the line. Do not add a hyphen to a URL that was not originally there. Freeteens Com. Never begin a new line with a punctuation mark. How Many Tribes. Double-space all lines in a bibliography entry. Do not indent the uses and gratifications theory definition, first line of tribes in nigeria a bibliography entry, indent second and subsequent lines 5 spaces, or 1/2? (1.25 cm) from the left margin. Please see Chapter 11. Guidelines on How to Write a Bibliography for details. When writing a bibliography, remember that the purpose is to communicate to the reader, in a standardized manner, the sources that you have used in sufficient detail to be identified. If you are unable to Electronic Health Records Essay, find all the necessary information, just cite what you can find.

Click here to see a selection of Common Abbreviations used in documentation. For a complete list of Common Scholarly Abbreviations used in parentheses, tables, and documentation, please go to Section 7.4 of the 6th edition of the MLA Handbook. Bell, Stewart. The Martyrs Oath: The Apprenticeship of a Homegrown Terrorist . Mississauga, ON: Wiley, 2005. Biale, David, ed. Cultures of the Jews: A New History . New York: Schocken, 2002. Bowker, Michael.

Fatal Deception: The Untold Story of how many tribes Asbestos: Why It Is Still Legal. and Still Killing Us . N.p.: Rodale, 2003. N.p. = No place of publication indicated. Capodiferro, Alessandra, ed. Wonders of the World: Masterpieces of Architecture from. 4000 BC to the Present . Vercelli: White Star, 2004. Cross, Charles R. Room Full of eysenck of personality Mirrors: A Biography of Jimi Hendrix . New York: Maltin, Leonard, ed.

Movie Video Guide 2002 Edition . New York: New American, 2001. Meidenbauer, Jorg, ed. How Many. Discoveries and Inventions: From Prehistoric to Modern Times . Lisse: Rebo, 2004. Puzo, Mario. The Family: A Novel . Completed by Carol Gino. New York: Harper, 2001. Rowling, J.K. Harry Potter and uses and gratifications theory, the Chamber of Secrets . New York: Scholastic, 1999.

. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban . Thorndike, ME: Thorndike, 2000. Suskind, Ron. The Price of Loyalty: George W. Bush, the White House, and the Education of. Paul ONeill . How Many Tribes. New York: Simon, 2004. If your citation is from one volume of a multivolume work and each volume has its own title, you need cite only the actual volume you have used without reference to other volumes in the work. Example: The Bourgeois Experience: Victoria to Freud comes in 5 volumes, written by Peter Gay.

(Title of Vol. 1: Education of the Senses ) Gay, Peter. Education of the Senses . New York: Norton, 1999. (Title of theory of personality Vol. How Many Tribes. 2: The Tender Passion) Gay, Peter. The Tender Passion . New York: Oxford UP, 1986. (Title of Vol.

3: The Cultivation of Hatred ) Gay, Peter. And Gratifications Theory Definition. The Cultivation of Hatred . London: Harper, 1994. (Title of Vol. Tribes. 4: The Naked Heart ) Gay, Peter. The Naked Heart . New York: Norton, 1995. (Title of Vol.

5: Pleasure Wars ) Gay, Peter. Pleasure Wars . New York: Norton, 1998. 2. Of Personality. Book with two authors or editors: Bohlman, Herbert M., and Mary Jane Dundas. The Legal, Ethical and International. Environment of Business . 5th ed. Cincinnati, OH: West, 2002.

Bolman, Lee G., and Terrence E. Deal. Leading with Soul: An Uncommon Journey. of Spirit . Rev. ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2001. Calvesi, Maurizio, and Lorenzo Canova, eds. Tribes. Rejoice! 700 Years of Art for the Papal.

Jubilee . New York: Rizzoli, 1999. Cohen, Andrew, and J.L. Granatstein, eds. Trudeaus Shadow: The Life and Legacy. of Pierre Elliott Trudeau . Toronto: Random, 1998.

Heath, Joseph, and uses and gratifications theory definition, Andrew Potter. The Rebel Sell: Why the Culture Cant Be Jammed . 2nd ed. Tribes In Nigeria. Toronto: Harper, 2005. Llewellyn, Marc, and Lee Mylne. Frommers Australia 2005 . Who Is. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2005. Summers, Anthony, and Robbyn Swan. Sinatra: The Life . New York: Knopf, 2005. Book prepared for publication by two editors: Shakespeare, William.

The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark . Ed. Barbara A. Mowat and Paul Werstine. New York: Washington. 3. Book with three authors or editors: Clancy, Tom, Carl Stiner, and how many tribes in nigeria, Tony Koltz. The Antagonist 451. Shadow Warriors: Inside the Special. Forces . New York: Putnam, 2002.

Hewitt, Les, Andrew Hewitt, and Luc dAbadie. The Power of Focus for tribes in nigeria, College. Students . Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications, 2005. Larsson, Mans O., Alexander Z. Speier, and Jennifer R. Weiss, eds. Don’t Policy Essay. Lets Go: Germany 1998 . New York: St. Martins, 1998. Palmer, R.R., Joel Colton, and Lloyd Kramer. A History of the Modern World: To 1815 . 9th ed. New York: Knopf, 2002.

Suzuki, David, Amanda McConnell, and tribes in nigeria, Maria DeCambra. Effect Essay. The Sacred Balance: A Visual Celebration of Our Place in Nature . Vancouver: Greystone, 2002. 4. Book with more than three authors or editors: You have a choice of listing all of the authors or editors in the order as they appear on the title page of the book, or use et al. from the how many, Latin et alii, or et aliae , meaning and others after the first author or editor named. Nelson, Miriam E., Kristin R. Baker, Ronenn Roubenoff, and Lawrence Lindner. Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis . New York: Perigee, 2003. Nelson, Miriam E., et al. Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis . New York: Hogan, David J., et al., eds. The Holocaust Chronicle: A History in Words and Pictures . Lincolnwood, IL: International, 2000.

Pound, Richard W., Richard Dionne, Jay Myers, and the antagonist 451, James Musson, eds. Canadian. Facts and Dates . 3rd ed. Markham, ON: Fitzhenry, 2005. Pound, Richard W., et al., eds. Canadian Facts and how many tribes, Dates . 3rd ed. Markham, ON:

Rogerson, Holly Deemer, et al. Words for Students of English: A Vocabulary. Series for ESL . Vol. 6. Advanced Level ESL. Pittsburgh, PA: U of Pittsburgh P, 1989.

5. Book with compilers, or compilers and editors: McClay, John B., and Wendy L. Matthews, comps. and eds. Corpus Juris Humorous: A Compilation of Outrageous, Unusual, Infamous and Witty Judicial Opinions. from 1256 A.D. to the Present . New York: Barnes, 1994. OReilly, James, Larry Habegger, and Sean OReilly, comps. and eds. Danger: True Stories of Trouble and Survival . Uses. San Francisco: Travellers Tales, 1999. Teresa, Mother. The Joy in Loving: A Guide to Daily Living with Mother Teresa . Comp.

Jaya Chaliha and Edward Le Joly. How Many Tribes In Nigeria. New York: Viking, 1997. Note abbreviation: comp. = compiler or compiled by. 6. Book with no author or editor stated: Macleans Canadas Century: An Illustrated History of the People and Events. That Shaped Our Identity . Toronto: Key, 1999.

Microsoft PowerPoint Version 2002 Step by who is the antagonist Step . How Many. Redmond, WA: Perspection, 2001. The Movie Book . London: Phaidon, 1999. With Scott to the Pole: The Terra Nova Expedition 1910-1913 . Photographs of. Herbert Ponting. New York: BCL, 2004. 7. Book with one author, translated by another: Muller, Melissa. Anne Frank: The Biography . Trans. Rita and theory definition, Robert Kimber. New York: Metropolitan, 1998.

8. Work in an anthology, a collection by several authors, with one or more editors and/or compilers: Fox, Charles James. Liberty Is Order, Liberty Is Strength. What Is a Man? 3,000 Years of Wisdom on the Art of Manly Virtue. Ed. Waller R. Newell.

New York: Harper, 2001. 306-7. Wilcox, Robert K. Flying Blind. Danger: True Stories of Trouble and Survival . Comp. and in nigeria, ed. James OReilly, Larry Habegger, and theory, Sean OReilly. San Francisco: Travellers Tales, 1999.

211-22. 9. Article in an encyclopedia with no author stated: Nazi Party. New Encyclopaedia Britannica . 1997 ed. Tajikistan. World Book Encyclopedia of People and Places . Tribes. 2000 ed. 10. Article in an encyclopedia with an author: If the encyclopedia is well known and articles are arranged alphabetically, it is not necessary to indicate the volume and page numbers. If the encyclopedia is not well known, you must give full publication information including author, title of article, title of uses encyclopedia, name of in nigeria editor or edition, number of volumes in the set, place of publication, publisher and year of publication. Kibby, Michael W. Freeteens Com. Dyslexia. World Book Encyclopedia . 2000 ed.

Midge, T. Powwows. Encyclopedia of North American Indians . How Many Tribes In Nigeria. Ed. D.L. Birchfield. 11 vols. New York: Cavendish, 1997. 11. Article in Health Essay example a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: 100 Years of Dust and Glory. Popular Mechanics Sept. 2001: 70-75. Celestica to Repair Palm Handhelds. Globe and Mail [Toronto] 29 Oct.

2002: B6. E-Money Slips Quietly into Oblivion. Nikkei Weekly [Tokyo] 22 Jan. 2001: 4. McDonalds Declines to Fund Obesity Education on in nigeria Danger of Eating Its Food. National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. 2006: FP18. Pot Use Doubled in Decade, Study Says: 14% Smoked Up in freeteens com the Past Year. Toronto Star.

25 Nov. 2004: A18. Secondhand Smoke Reduces Kids IQs. Buffalo News 23 Jan. 2005: I6. 12. Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with one or more authors: Use + for how many tribes in nigeria, pages that are not consecutive. Example: When numbering pages, use 38-45 if page numbers are consecutive. Freeteens Com. Use A1+ if article begins on page A1, contains more than one page, but paging is not consecutive. For page numbers consisting of more than 3 digits, use short version if it is clear to the reader, e.g.

220-268 may be written as 220-68, but 349-560 must be written in full. Note also that there is tribes in nigeria, no period after the month. The period in Mar. is for the abbreviation of March. If there are 4 or less letters in the month, e.g. May, June, and July, the months are not abbreviated. If the publication date is July 18, 2005, citation will be 18 July 2005. Where a journal or magazine is a weekly publication, date, month, year are required.

Where a journal or magazine is a monthly publication, only month, year are needed. Where a newspaper title does not indicate the location of publication, add the city of publication between square brackets, e.g. Daily Telegraph [London]. Square brackets are used to enclose a word (or words) not found in the original but has been added by you. An article in a scholarly journal is treated somewhat differently:

Nielsen, Laura Beth. Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in. Public as Hate Speech. Journal of freeteens com Social Issues 58.2 (2002): 265. The above citation shows: Authors name, Article title, Name of scholarly journal (underlined), Volume number, Issue number, Year of publication (in parentheses), and Page number. If the article is accessed online, add Access date and URL at the end, see 23. Internet citations, or citing electronic sources (e). Bogomolny, Laura. Boss Your Career. Canadian Business 13-16 Mar. 2006: 47-49. Cave, Andrew. Microsoft and Sun Settle Java Battle. Daily Telegraph [London]

Cohen, Stephen S., and J. Bradford DeLong. Tribes In Nigeria. Shaken and Stirred. Atlantic Monthly. Jan.-Feb. 2005: 112+. Coleman, Isobel. Women, Islam, and the New Iraq. Foreign Affairs Jan.-Feb. 2006: 24+. Daly, Rita. Bird Flu Targeting the Young. Toronto Star 11 Mar. 2006: A1+. Dareini, Ali Akbar. Uses Definition. Iranian President Defends Countrys Nuclear Ambitions. Buffalo News.

Hewitt, Ben. Quick Fixes for Everyday Disasters. Popular Mechanics Nov. 2004: 83-88. Johnson, Linda A. In Nigeria. Fight Flu with Good, Old Advice from Mom. Buffalo News. 10 Oct. 2004: A1-2. Mather, Victoria. In Tiger Country. Photos by James Merrell. Town Country Travel. Fall 2004: 102-111. Mohanty, Subhanjoy, and Ray Jayawardhana. The Mystery of Brown Dwarf Origins. Scientific American Jan.

2006: 38-45. Petroski, Henry. Framing Hypothesis: A Cautionary Tale. American Scientist Jan.-Feb. Plungis, Jeff, Ed Garsten, and Mark Truby. Caremakers Challenge: Green, Mean. Machines. Detroit News and Free Press Metro ed. 12 Jan.

2003: 1A+. Sachs, Jeffrey D. Freeteens Com. A Practical Plan to End Extreme Poverty. Buffalo News 23 Jan. 2005: I2. Saletan, William. Tribes. Junk-Food Jihad. National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. 2006: A18. Thomas, Cathy Booth, and Tim Padgett. Life Among the Ruins. Time 19 Sept. 2005: 28+. Wolanski, Eric, Robert Richmond, Laurence McCook, and Hugh Sweatman. Mud,

Marine Snow and Coral Reefs. American Scientist Jan.-Feb. 2003: 44-51. Wolanski, Eric, et al. Mud, Marine Snow and Coral Reefs. American Scientist. Jan.-Feb. Effect Essay. 2003: 44-51. 13. Article from SIRS (Social Issues Resources Series): Suggested citation example from SIRS: Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. Tribes. Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite. Technology Review Nov.-Dec. 1992: 30-40.

Reprinted in WORK . Freeteens Com. (Boca Raton, FL: Social Issues Resource Series, 1992), Article No. 20. Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite. Technology Review Nov.-Dec. 1992: 30-40. Work . Ed. Eleanor Goldstein. Vol. 5.

Boca Raton: SIRS, 1992. Art. How Many. 20. Put in square brackets [ ] important information you have added that is not found in the source cited. Build-a-Bear. Who Is In Fahrenheit 451. Advertisement. 7 Feb. 2005 http://www.buildabear.com/shop/default.aspx.

GEICO. Advertisement. Newsweek 16 Jan. 2006: 92. IBM. Advertisement. Globe and Mail [Toronto] . 29 Oct. Tribes In Nigeria. 2002: B7. Toyota. Freeteens Com. Advertisement. Atlantic Monthly . Jan.-Feb. Tribes. 2005: 27-30. 15.

Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with no author stated: Diabetes Care: Blood Glucose Monitoring . Ask, Don’t Essay. Burnaby, BC: LifeScan Canada, 1997. 16. Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with an author: Zimmer, Henry B. Canplan: Your Canadian Financial Planning Software . Calgary, AB: May use short forms: Rev. (Review), Ed. (Edition, Editor, or Edited), Comp. (Compiled, Compiler).

Creager, Angela N.H. Crystallizing a Life in how many tribes in nigeria Science. Rev. of Rosalind Franklin: The. Dark Lady of effect essay DNA , by Brenda Maddox. Tribes. American Scientist Jan.-Feb. Eysenck Theory Of Personality. 2003: 64-66. Dillon, Brenda. Hanas Suitcase. Rev. of Hanas Suitcase , by Karen Levine. Professionally Speaking June 2003: 36. Foley, Margaret. Measured Deception. Rev. of The Measure of All Things: The. Seven-Year Odyssey and Hidden Error That Transformed the World, by tribes Ken Alder. Discover Nov. Effect Essay. 2002: 77.

Groskop, Viv. In Nigeria. Chinese Torture at Five. Rev. of The Binding Chair, by Kathryn. Harrison. International Express 6 June 2000, Canadian ed.: 37. Hoffman, Michael J. Hucks Ironic Circle. Rev. of The Adventures of who is the antagonist in fahrenheit 451 Huckleberry. Finn , by Mark Twain. Modern Critical Interpretations of Mark Twains. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, ed.

Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea, Iragui, Vicente. Rev. of Injured Brains of Medical Minds: Views from tribes in nigeria, Within , comp. and ed. Narinder Kapur. New England Journal of Medicine 26 Feb. 1998: Neier, Aryeh. Hero. Rev. of Defending Human Rights in Russia: Sergei Kovalyov,

Dissident and Human Rights Commissioner, 1969-2003 , by Emma Gilligan. New York Review of Books 13 Jan. 2005: 30-33. Onstad, Katrina. A Life of Pain and Paint. Rev. of Frida , dir. Julie Taymor. National.

Post [Toronto] 1 Nov. 2002: PM1+. Redekop, Magdalene. The Importance of Being Mennonite. Rev. of A Complicated. Kindness, by Miriam Toews. Literary Review of Canada Oct. 2004: 19-20. Simic, Charles. The Image Hunter. Rev. of Joseph Cornell: Master of Dreams , by. Diane Waldman. New York Review 24 Oct. Effect Essay. 2002: 14+. 18.

CD-ROM, DVD: See also 35. Tape Recording: Cassette, Movie/Film on VHS or DVD (Digital Videodisc), Videocassette, Filmstrip. A Place in tribes the Sun . Dir. George Stevens. 1951. The Antagonist In Fahrenheit. DVD. Paramount, 2001 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library . CD-ROM. Microsoft, 2003 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library Win32 . Educ. ed.

DVD. Microsoft, 2003. LeBlanc, Susan, and Cameron MacKeen. Racism and the Landfill. Chronicle-Herald. 7 Mar. 1992: B1. CD-ROM. SIRS 1993 Ethnic Groups. Tribes In Nigeria. Vol. 4. Art. 42. Links 2003: Championship Courses . CD-ROM.

Microsoft Game Studios, 2002. YellowPages.city: Toronto-Central West Edition , 1998. CD-ROM. Montreal: 19. Computer service e.g. BRS, DIALOG, MEAD, etc.: Landler, Mark. Can U.S. Uses And Gratifications Definition. Companies Even Get a Bonjour? New York Times , Late Ed. Final Ed., 1. 2 Oct. 1995. DIALOG File 472, item 03072065.

When citing a definition from a dictionary, add the tribes, abbreviation Def. after the word. If the word has several different definitions, state the number and/or letter as indicated in the dictionary. Mug. Def. Theory Of Personality. 2. The New Lexicon Websters Encyclopedic Dictionary of the. English Language . Canadian ed.

1988. Short forms may be used, e.g. How Many. dir. Effect Essay. (directed by), narr. (narrated by), perf. (performers), prod. (produced by), writ. How Many Tribes In Nigeria. (written by). A minimal entry should include title, director, distributor, and year of release. May add other information as deemed pertinent between the title and Records example, the distributor. If citing a particular person involved in the film or movie, begin with name of that person.

Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Dir. Tim Burton. Based on book by how many Roald Dahl. Perf. Johnny Depp. Warner, 2005. Depp, Johnny, perf. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Dir. Tim Burton.

Based on book. by Roald Dahl. Warner, 2005. Burton, Tim, dir. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Based on book by Roald Dahl. Perf. Johnny Depp. Warner, 2005. Monster-in-Law . Dir.

Robert Luketic. Health Essay Example. Writ. Anya Kochoff. Prod. Paula Weinstein, Chris Bender, and J.C. Spink. Perf. Jennifer Lopez and Jane Fonda. New Line, 2005. Nanny McPhee . Dir. Kirk Jones. In Nigeria. Based on Nurse Matilda Books Writ.

Christianna. Brand. Effect Essay. Prod. Lindsay Doran, Tim Bevan, and Eric Fellner. Perf. Emma Thompson, Colin Firth, and Angela Lansbury. Universal, 2005. One Hour Photo . Writ. and dir. Mark Romanek. Prod.

Christine Vachon, Pam Koffler, and Stan Wlodkowski. Perf. Robin Williams. Fox Searchlight, 2002. Titanic . Dir., writ., prod., ed. James Cameron. Prod. Jon Landau. Twentieth.

Century Fox and Paramount, 1997. The Tuxedo . Dir. Kevin Donovan. Prod. John H. Williams, and Adam Schroeder. Perf. Jackie Chan and Jennifer Love Hewitt. DreamWorks, 2002. Cite government document in the following order if no author is stated: 1) Government, 2) Agency, 3) Title of publication , underlined, 4) Place of how many publication, 5) Publisher, 6) Date. Canada. Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development.

Gathering Strength: Canadas Aboriginal Action Plan . Ottawa: Minister of Public Works and. Government Services Canada, 2000. United States. National Council on Disability. Carrying on the Good Fight Summary Paper from freeteens com, Think Tank 2000 Advancing the how many, Civil and Human. Rights of People with Disabilities from Diverse Cultures . Washington: Note: GPO = Government Printing Office in eysenck of personality Washington, DC which publishes most of the how many tribes in nigeria, U.S. federal government documents. In citing a Congressional Record, abbreviate and Health Records Essay example, underline the term, skip all the details and indicate only the date and page numbers. Example for the following record: United States.

Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 . PL 104-193. How Many Tribes In Nigeria. Congressional Record. Washington: GPO, July 31, 1996. Cong. Rec . 31 July 1996: 104-193. For examples on eysenck how to cite more complicated government documents, please see Section 5.6.21 in in nigeria MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 6th ed. 23. Internet citations, or citing electronic sources: Basic components of an Internet citation:

2) Title of Article, Web page or site in quotation marks. 3) Title of Magazine, Journal, Newspaper, Newsletter, Book, Encyclopedia, or Project , underlined. 5) Indicate type of material, e.g. advertisement, cartoon, clipart, electronic card, interview, map, online posting, photograph, working paper, etc. if not obvious. 6) Date of article, of Health example Web page or site creation, revision, posting, last update, or date last modified. 7) Group, association, name of forum, sponsor responsible for how many tribes, Web page or Web site. 8) Access date (the date you accessed the Web page or site). 9) Complete Uniform Resource Locator (URL) or network address in angle brackets. Note: An exception is made in eysenck referencing a personal e-mail message where an individuals e-mail address is omitted for privacy reasons. Skip any information that you cannot find anywhere on how many in nigeria the Web page or in the Web site, and carry on, e.g. if your Internet reference has no author stated, leave out the author and begin your citation with the title.

Always put your access date just before the URL which is placed between angle brackets or less than and eysenck, greater than signs at the end of the citation. Generally, a minimum of three items are required for an Internet citation: Title, Access Date, and URL. If the how many tribes, URL is too long for a line, divide the address where it creates the least ambiguity and confusion, e.g. do not divide a domain name and end with a period such as geocities . Do not divide a term in the URL that is made up of combined words e.g. SchoolHouseRock . Never add a hyphen at the end of the effect essay, line to indicate syllabical word division unless the how many, hyphen is Electronic Records, actually found in the original URL. Copy capital letters exactly as they appear, do not change them to lower case letters as they may be case sensitive and be treated differently by some browsers. Remember that the purpose of indicating the URL is for readers to be able to access the Web page. Tribes In Nigeria. Accuracy and clarity are essential. a. Uses Theory. Internet citation for an advertisement: IBM.

Advertisement. How Many In Nigeria. 23 Mar. 2003 http://www.bharatiyahockey.org/2000Olympics/ TheraTears. Advertisement. Uses And Gratifications Definition. 2003. 8 May 2004 http://www.theratears.com/dryeye.htm. b. Internet citation for an article from an online database (e.g. SIRS, eLibrary), study guide, magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, newspaper, online library subscription database service, or an tribes in nigeria article in PDF with one or more authors stated:

Bezlova, Antoaneta. China to Formalize One-Child Policy. Asia Times Online . 24 May 2001. 10 Oct. Electronic Essay. 2005 http://www.atimes.com/china/CE24Ad02.html. Clifford, Erin. Review of Neuropsychology. SparkNotes . 10 Oct. How Many In Nigeria. 2005.

Machado, Victoria, and George Kourakos. IT Offshore Outsourcing Practices in Canada . Ottawa: Public Policy Forum, 2004. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.ppforum.com/ow/it_outsourcing.pdf. Marshall, Leon. Mandela in Retirement: Peacemaker without Rest. 9 Feb. 2001. National Geographic 10 Oct.

2005 http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/ Thomason, Larisa. HTML Tip: Why Valid Code Matters. Webmaster Tips. Newsletter . Dec. 2003. In Fahrenheit 451. NetMechanic. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.netmechanic.com/ If using an online library subscription database service, add the name of the service, the how many tribes in nigeria, name of the library or library system, plus the location of the library where the database is accessed, e.g.: Gearan, Anne. Justice Dept: Gun Rights Protected. Washington Post . 8 May 2002.

SIRS. Iona Catholic Secondary School, Mississauga, ON. 23 Apr. 2004. Note: 8 May 2002 = date of publication, 23 Apr. 2004 = date of access. Indicate page numbers after publication date if available, e.g. 8 May 2002: 12-14. Leave out page numbers if not indicated in source. Pahl, Greg. Heat Your Home with Biodiesel.

Mother Earth News . 12 Jan. 2003. eLibrary Canada. Effect Essay. Twin Lakes Secondary School, Orillia, ON. 10 Apr. 2006. Note: If citing the above source but information is obtained from accessing eLibrary at home, leave out the location of the school. Pahl, Greg. How Many In Nigeria. Heat Your Home with Biodiesel. Mother Earth News . 12 Jan. Eysenck. 2003. eLibrary Canada.

10 Apr. 2006. http://www.proquestk12.com. c. Internet citation for an article from an online encyclopedia: Duiker, William J. Ho Chi Minh. Encarta Online Encyclopedia . 2005. Microsoft. 10 Oct. Tribes In Nigeria. 2005. Ho Chi Minh. Encyclop?dia Britannica . 2005. Encyclop?dia Britannica Premium Service.

9 Oct. 2005 http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9040629. Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC). Britannica Concise Encyclopedia . 2005. Encyclop?dia Britannica. 8 Oct. 2005 http://concise.britannica.com/ebc/article?eu=402567. d. Internet citation for an article from an online magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: Childcare Industry Should Welcome Men. BBC News Online: Education .7 June 2003. 10 Oct.

2005 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/low/education/2971310.stm. Taiwan: A Dragon Economy and the Abacus. BrookesNews.Com . 8 Dec. 2003. 10 Oct. Don’t Ask, Don’t Policy Essay. 2005 http://www.brookesnews.com/030812taiwan.html. e. Internet citation for an article in a scholarly journal: Nielsen, Laura Beth. Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in. Public as Hate Speech. Journal of Social Issues 58.2 (2002), 265-280. How Many Tribes In Nigeria. 7 June 2003. f. Effect Essay. Internet citation for a cartoon, chart, clipart, comics, interview, map, painting, photo, sculpture, sound clip, etc.: Islamic State of Afghanistan: Political Map. Map. Atlapedia Online . How Many In Nigeria. 1993-2003.

Latimer Clarke. 7 June 2003 http://www.atlapedia.com/online/maps/ Kersten, Rick, and Pete Kersten. Congratulations! Electronic card. Blue Mountain Arts . 2000. 7 June 2003 http://www.bluemountain.com/

Lee , Lawrence. Interview. Essay. JournalismJobs.com . Feb. Tribes. 2003. 10 Oct. 2005. Schulz, Charles. Peanuts Collection Snoopy Cuddling Woodstock. Cartoon. Art.com . 25 Apr. 2004 http://www.art.com/asp/sp.asp?PD=10037710RFID=814547. Woodhull, Victoria C. American History 102 Photo Gallery.

1997. In Fahrenheit. State. Historical Society of how many tribes in nigeria Wisconsin. 10 Oct. 2005 http://us.history.wisc.edu/ g. Internet citation for an e-mail (email) from an individual, a listserve, an organization, or citation for Electronic Records, an article forwarded from an online database by e-mail: Barr, Susan I. The Creatine Quandry. Bicycling Nov. 1998. EBSCOhost Mailer.

E-mail to E. Interior. 11 May 2003. Kenrick, John. Re: Link to Musicals101.com. E-mail to how many, I. Lee. 10 May 2003. NEW THIS WEEK for September 8, 2005. E-mail to author. 8 Sept. 2005.

PicoSearch. Your PicoSearch Account is Reindexed. E-mail to John Smith. h. Internet citation for an online government publication: Canada. Office of the Auditor General of Canada and the Treasury Board. Secretariat. Modernizing Accountability Practices in the Public Sector . 6 Jan. 1998. 10 Oct.

2005 http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/rma/account/ United States. National Archives and Records Administration. The Bill of Rights . 29 Jan. Uses And Gratifications Theory Definition. 1998. How Many. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.archives.gov/exhibit_hall/ i. Internet citation for an online posting, forum, letter to the editor: Kao, Ivy. Keep Spreading the Word. Online posting. 4 June 2003. Reader Responses, Opinion Journal, Wall Street Journal Editorial Page . And Gratifications Theory Definition. 10 Oct.

2005. Seaside Harry . My Friend Drove My Car with the Parking Brake On! Online. posting. 10 Oct. 2005. PriusOnline.com Forum Index Prius Technical . 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.priusonline.com/viewtopic.php?t=6298highlight=.

j. Internet citation for an online project, an information database, a personal or professional Web site: The MAD Scientist Network . Tribes. 1995-2001 or 30 Feb. 1906. Washington U. School of Medicine. 10 Oct. Effect Essay. 2005. http://www.madsci.org.

OConnor, J.J., and E.F. Robertson. In Nigeria. John Wilkins. Feb. 2002. U of St. Effect Essay. Andrews, Scotland. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/ Officer, Lawrence H. Exchange Rate between the United States Dollar and Forty. Other Countries, 1913 -1999. Economic History Services, EH.Net, 2002.

13 Apr. 2006 http://www.eh.net/hmit/exchangerates/. Savill, R. Richard. Jazz Age Biographies. The Jazz Age Page . 23 Oct. 2000. 12 Apr. 2006 http://www.btinternet.com/ Sullivan, Danny. Search Engine Math. 26 Oct. 2001.

Search Engine Watch . 10 Apr. 2006 http://www.searchenginewatch.com/facts/math.html. Wurmser, Meyrav, and Yotam Feldner. Is Israel Negotiating with the Hamas? Inquiry and Analysis No. 16. 23 Mar. 1999. The Middle East Media and.

Research Institute. 10 Oct. Tribes In Nigeria. 2005 http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi? k. Internet citation for Don’t Don’t Tell Policy Essay, a software download: It is not essential to include the file size.

Do so if preferred by your instructor. RAMeSize . Vers. Tribes. 1.04. 15K. 24 Sept. 2000. Blue Dice Software. 12 Oct. 2004. l. Internet citation for a speech taken from a published work with an Ask, Don’t Policy editor: Lincoln, Abraham. The Gettysburg Address. 19 Nov.

1863. The Collected Works of. Abraham Lincoln . Ed. How Many In Nigeria. Roy P. Who Is. Basler. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 1955. Abraham Lincoln Online. 10 Oct.

2005 http://showcase.netins.net/ m. How Many. Internet citation for Electronic Health example, a work translated and edited by another: Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo. Confessions Enchiridion . Trans. and in nigeria, ed. Albert C. The Antagonist In Fahrenheit. Outler. 1955. How Many Tribes In Nigeria. Dallas, TX: Southern Methodist U. Digitized 1993. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.ccel.org/a/augustine/confessions/ Blair, Tony. Interview. Prime Ministers Office.

31 May 2003. 13 Apr. 2006. Chirac, Jacques. Interview. Time 16 Feb. 2003. 10 Oct. 2005. Longin, Hellmut. Telephone interview. 3 May 2006. Neilsen, Jerry. E-mail interview. Freeteens Com. 28 Apr. Tribes. 2006. Wyse, Randall. Personal interview. 24 July 2005.

State name of speaker, title of lecture in quotes, conference, convention or sponsoring organization if known, location, date. Bradley, Vicki. Marriage. Agnes Arnold Hall, U of Houston. 15 Mar. 2003. Wilson-Smith, Anthony. Hello, He Must Be Going. Editorial.

Macleans 26 Aug. 2002: 4. Lange, Rick. U.N. Freeteens Com. Has Become Ineffective and Ought to Be Disbanded. Letter. Buffalo. News 23 Jan. 2005: I5. Woods, Brede M. Letter. Newsweek 23 Sept. 2002: 16. Kolbert, Elizabeth. Tribes In Nigeria. Six Billion Short: How Will the Mayor Make Ends Meet? Letter.

New Yorker 13 Jan. 2003: 33-37. Geens, Jennifer. Reply to letter of Bill Clark. Toronto Star 29 Sept. 2002: A1. A letter you received from John Smith: Smith, John. Letter to the author. 15 June 2005.

Twain, Mark. Banned in Concord. Letter to Charles L. Webster. 18 Mar. 1885. Letter 850318 of Mark Twain . Ed. Jim Zwick. 2005. Don’t Ask, Don’t Policy Essay. 10 Oct. 2005.

Treat citation as if it is a book with no author stated. Indicate if the citation is for how many in nigeria, a chart or a map. 2004 Andex Chart . Chart. Who Is In Fahrenheit. Windsor, ON: Andex, 2004. Canada . Map. Ottawa: Canadian Geographic, 2003. Dallas TX. Map.

2005 Road Atlas: USA, Canada, Mexico . How Many. Greenville, SC: Michelin, 2005. Components: 1) Name of composer. 2) Title of freeteens com ballet, music or opera, underlined, 3) Form, number and key not underlined. Beethoven, Ludwig van. How Many In Nigeria. Fur Elise.

Strauss, Richard. Traumerei , op. 9, no. 4. Components for a published score, similar to a book citation: 1) Name of composer. 2) Underline title of ballet, music, opera, as well as no. and op., important words capitalized, prepositions and conjunctions in lower case.

3) Date composition written. 4) Place of publication: 5) Publisher, 6) Date of publication. Chopin, Frederic. Mazurka Op. 7, No. 1 . New York: Fischer, 1918. Ledbetter, Huddie, and Don’t Ask, Tell, John Lomax.

Goodnight, Irene . 1936. How Many Tribes. New York: Spencer, 1950. Stier, Walter C. Sweet Bye and Bye . London: Paxton, 1953. Weber, Carl Maria von. Invitation to eysenck of personality, the Dance Op. 65 . 1819. London: Harris, 1933. 29.

Painting, photograph, sculpture, architecture, or other art form. Components for citing original artwork: 1) Name of how many in nigeria artist. 2) Title of artwork, underlined. Freeteens Com. 3) Date artwork created. 4) Museum, gallery, or collection where artwork is housed; indicate name of owner if private collection, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located.

Ashoona, Kiawak. Smiling Family . 1966. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Brancusi, Constantin. The Kiss . 1909. Tomb of T. Rachevskaia, Montparnasse. The Great Sphinx . [c. 2500 BC]. Giza. Ingres, Jean-Auguste-Dominique.

Odalisque . 1814. Louvre Museum, Paris. Raphael. The School of tribes in nigeria Athens . 1510-11. Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican Palace, Rude, Francois. La Marseillaise . 1833-36. Arc de Triomphe, Paris. Components for artwork cited from Ask, Tell Policy Essay, a book: 1) Name of artist.

2) Underline title of artwork. 3) Date artwork created (if date is uncertain use [c. How Many In Nigeria. 1503] meaning [circa 1503] or around the year 1503). 4) Museum, art gallery, or collection where artwork is house, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located. 6) Title of book used. 7) Author or editor of book. 8) Place of publication: 9) Publisher, 10) Date of publication. 11) Other relevant information, e.g. figure, page, plate, or slide number. Abell, Sam. Japan . 1984.

National Geographic Photographs: The Milestones . By Leah Bendavid-Val, et al. Washington, DC: National Geographic, 1999. Carr, Emily. A Haida Village . Effect Essay. [c. 1929].

McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, ON. The McMichael Canadian Art Collection . How Many In Nigeria. By Jean Blodgett, et al. Freeteens Com. Toronto: McGraw, 1989. 134. Kasebier, Gertrude. The Magic Crystal . [c. 1904]. Royal Photographic Society, Bath. A Basic History of how many Art . By H.W.

Janson and Anthony F. Effect Essay. Janson. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, 1991. 412. Leonardo, da Vinci. Mona Lisa (La Gioconda) . [c. 1503-5]. How Many. Louvre Museum, Paris.

Favorite Old Master Paintings from the Louvre Museum . New York: Abbeville, 1979. 31. Michelangelo. David . 1501-04. Accademia di Belle Arti, Florence. The Great. Masters . By Giorgio Vasari. Trans. Gaston Du C. de Vere.

New York: Park Lane, 1986. 226. Sullivan, Louis. Wainright Building . 1890-91. St. Louis, MO. A Basic History of Art . By H.W. Janson and Anthony F. Janson. Eysenck. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, Tohaku, Deme.

Ko-omote Female Mask . Edo period [1603-1867], Japan. Naprstek. Museum, Prague. The World of Masks . By Erich Herold, et al. Trans. Dusan. Zbavitel. London: Hamlyn, 1992. How Many Tribes. 207. Vanvitelli, Luigi, and Nicola Salvi.

Chapel of St. John the Baptist . Theory. 1742-51. Sao Roque, Lisbon. By Rolf Toman, ed. Baroque: Architecture, Sculpture, Painting . Cologne: Konemann, 1998. 118. Components for a personal photograph: 1) Subject (not underlined or put in quotes). 2) Name of person who took the how many tribes in nigeria, photograph.

3) Date photograph taken. War in Iraq: Operation Iraq Freedom on CNN. Personal photograph by author. Great Wall of China, Beijing, China. Personal photograph by Cassy Wyse. 28 July 2005. Components: 1) Patent inventor(s) or owner(s). 2) Title of patent. 3) Issuing country and patent number. Freeteens Com. 4) Date patent was issued. Arbter, Klaus, and Guo-Qing Wei. Verfahren zur Nachfuhrung eines Stereo-Laparoskope.

in der minimal invasiven Chirurgie. German Patent 3943917. July 1996. Conversion of Calcium Compounds into Solid and Gaseous Compounds. US Patent 5078813. Kamen, Dean L., et al. Transportation Vehicles and Methods. US Patent 5971091. 31. Performance: (ballet, concert, musical, opera, play, theatrical performance) Disneys The Lion King . By Roger Allers and Irene Mecchi. Dir. Julie Taymor. Music and lyrics by how many tribes Elton John and Don’t Ask, Don’t Policy Essay, Tim Rice.

Princess of Wales Theatre, Toronto. 9 June 2002. The Hobbit . By J.R.R. Tolkien. Dir. Kim Selody. In Nigeria. Perf. Herbie Barnes, Michael. Simpson, and Chris Heyerdahl. Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON.

The Nutcracker . By Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Freeteens Com. Chor. and Libretto by James. Kudelka. Cond. Ormsby Wilkins and how many, Uri Mayer. National Ballet of. Canada. Hummingbird Centre, Toronto. 30 Dec. 1999.

Phantom of the Opera . By Andrew Lloyd Webber. Lyrics by Charles Hart. Dir. Harold Prince. Eysenck Of Personality. Based on novel by Gaston Leroux. Pantages Theatre, Toronto. 20 Sept. 1998. The Shanghai Acrobats . By Incredible! Acrobats of China.

Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON. 4 Mar. 2005. Components: 1) Title of episode, underlined; or in quotes if appropriate. 2) Title of how many tribes in nigeria program, underlined. 3) Title of definition series. 4) Name of how many in nigeria network.

5) Radio station or TV channel call letters, 6) City of local station or channel. 6) Broadcast date. The CFRB Morning Show . By Ted Woloshyn. CFRB Radio, Toronto. 12 Sept. 2003. Law and Order . Prod. Wolf Film, Universal Television. NBC Television Network. WHEC, Rochester, NY. 16 Oct.

2002. New Threat from who is 451, Osama? By Jim Stewart. CBS News . WBEN, Buffalo. New York Museum Celebrates Life of Einstein. By Martha Graybow. Reuters, New York. WBFO, Buffalo. 13 Nov. 2002. The Nightmare Drug. By Bob McKeown, Linden MacIntyre, and Hana Gartner. The Fifth Estate . How Many. CBC, Toronto.

16 Oct. 2002. U.S.: Tape Sounds Like Bin Laden. AP, Washington, DC. On Your Side . WGRZ-TV, Buffalo. 13 Nov. Who Is In Fahrenheit. 2002. 33. Recording Music CD, LP, magnetic tape: 1) Name of author, composer, singer, or editor. 2) Title of song (in quotation marks). Tribes In Nigeria. 3) Title of recording (underlined).

4) Publication medium (LP, CD, magnetic tape, etc.). 5) Edition, release, or version. 6) Place of publication: Publisher, Date of publication. If citing from Internet, see Item 23. Backstreet Boys. Larger than Life . Millennium. CD. Exclusive Management by.

The Firm, Los Angeles, CA. Don’t. Mastered by how many tribes in nigeria Tom Coyne, Sterling Sound, NYC. Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Mosaic . CD. Effect Essay. Writ., dir. and prod. Marilyn Reesor. Burch. Choirs dir. How Many Tribes In Nigeria. Don and Catherine Robertson.

Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, n.d. Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Theory. Mosaic . CD. Writ., dir. and how many, prod. Marilyn Reesor. Burch. Choirs dir. Don and Catherine Robertson. Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, [c.

1997]. Note: n.d. means no date available. [c. 1997] means circa 1997. McDonald, Michael. No Lookin Back . LP. Prod. Michael McDonald and. Ted Templeman. Engineered and mixed by R. ThinkPad ACP Patch for ThinkPad 600, 770, and 770E . Eysenck Theory Of Personality. Diskette.

Vers. Tribes. 1.0. Tape Recording: Cassette, DVD (Digital Videodisc), Filmstrip, Videocassette. Covey, Stephen R. Don’t Ask, Tell. Living the 7 Habits: Applications and Insights . Cassette. tape recording read by author. New York: Simon, Audio Div., 1995. Ginger . Solid Ground. Cassette tape recording from album Far Out . Tribes. Vancouver:

Harry Potter and effect essay, the Prisoner of Azkaban . Dir. Alfonso Cuar o n. Based on novel. by J.K. In Nigeria. Rowling. Who Is The Antagonist In Fahrenheit 451. Perf. Daniel Radcliffe, Rupert Grint, and Emma Watson. DVD. Warner, 2004. Jane Austens Emma . Videocassette. How Many Tribes. Meridian Broadcasting. New York:

New Video Group, 1996. Kicking Screaming . Don’t Ask, Policy Essay. Dir. Jesse Dylan. Writ. Leo Benvenuti and Steve Rudnick. Perf. In Nigeria. Will Ferrell and Robert Duvall. DVD. The Antagonist. Universal, 2005.

The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants . Dir. Ken Kwapis. Tribes. Based on novel by. Ann Brashares.Perf. Amber Tamblyn, America Ferrera, Blake Lively, and Alexis Bledel. DVD. Warner, Dungaree, 2005.

Super Searching the Web . Videocassette. Lancaster, PA: Classroom Connect, The Wizard of Oz . Dir. Victor Fleming. Based on book by Lyman Frank Baum. Perf. Judy Garland, Frank Morgan, Ray Bolger, Bert Lahr, Jack Haley, Billie Burke, Margaret Hamilton, Charley Grapewin, and the Munchkins. MGM, 1939. VHS.

Warner, 1999. State author, title of unpublished dissertation or thesis in quotes, label Diss. or MA thesis, name of university, and year. Elmendorf, James. The Military and the Mall: Society and and gratifications definition, Culture in how many tribes Long Beach, California. BA. thesis. Hampshire College, 1995.

Jackson, Marjorie. The Oboe: A Study of Its Development and Use. Diss. Theory Definition. Columbia U, 1962.

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15 Oracle BPEL Process Manager Workflow Services. A company's business processes drive the integration of systems and tribes in nigeria people that participate in it. The business process and associated systems have a life cycle and certain behavior. The users who participate in the business process have roles and privileges to perform tasks in the business process. Using the workflow services of Oracle BPEL Process Manager, you can blend the integration of systems and services with human workflow into a single end-to-end process flow, while providing visibility and enabling exception handling and optimization at effect essay, various levels. This chapter contains the following topics: Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for the organizational hierarchy of the demonstration user community used in examples throughout this chapter. SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemxmllibworkflow for workflow service WSDL files. 15.1 Oracle BPEL Process Manager Workflow Services 10.1.2 and 10.1.3.1.0 Compatibility. Workflows that you designed in 10.1.2 with the workflow wizard can be deployed and run in 10.1.3.1.0. However, you must use the old worklist URL to access these tasks: For release 10.1.3.1.0, the workflow wizard has been replaced by a Human Task editor. This editor enables you to specify task settings such as task outcome, payload structure, task participants, assignment and how many routing policy, expiration and escalation policy, notification settings, and so on. You cannot use the Human Task editor to effect essay edit 10.1.2-based workflows. To use any new 10.1.3.1.0 functionality, the in nigeria task scope of the workflow must be manually migrated to use the new workflow metadata. Note also that this is the last release in which you can deploy workflows designed with 10.1.2. 15.2 Overview of Workflow Services. Workflow services enable you to interleave human interactions with connectivity to systems and services within an end-to-end process flow. As shown in Figure 15-1, workflow services are linked to a BPEL process through a WSDL contract, like any other Web service. The process assigns a task to a user or role and uses and gratifications theory waits for a response. The users act on how many tribes in nigeria the task using Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Figure 15-1 High-Level View of freeteens com Workflow Services in Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Terms used in workflow services include: Task#x2014;work that needs to in nigeria be done by a user, role, or group. Notification#x2014;an e-mail, voice, fax, pager, or short message service (SMS) message that is Don’t Tell Policy Essay, sent when a user is assigned a task or informed that the status of the how many task has changed. Worklist#x2014;an enumeration of the tasks, or work items, assigned to or of who is the antagonist in fahrenheit interest to a user. Human Task editor#x2014;A tool that enables you to specify task settings such as task outcome, payload structure, task participants, assignment and how many tribes in nigeria routing policy, expiration and escalation policy, notification settings, and so on. .task file #x2014;The metadata task configuration file that stores the task settings specified with the freeteens com Human Task editor. routing slip#x2014;Contains information about the flow pattern for the workflow, assignees, escalation policy, expiration duration, signature policy, sequence in in nigeria, which the participants interact in the task, and so on. Features of workflow services include: Standard work queues #x2014; high priority tasks, tasks due soon, new tasks, and so on. Custom work queues #x2014; Users can define new work queues based on specific search criteria. Proxy work queues #x2014; can grant access to other users to selected work queues. Other users can act on your behalf on those tasks. Health Records Essay Example. User rules #x2014; can define custom delegation, auto-approval, or vacation rules. Group rules #x2014; can define auto-assignment rules for roles or groups; for example, round-robin, least-busy, and in nigeria so on. Task assignment and routing#x2014;includes creating tasks from the business process and assigning the tasks to uses users or roles. Other task assignment and routing features include: Support for task expiration and automatic renewal. How Many Tribes In Nigeria. Support for task delegation, escalation, and reapproval. Storage of task history information for eysenck theory auditing, extending workflows to include other workflows, and the ability to archive and tribes in nigeria purge task details based on specified policies. Support for creating custom task escalation rule functions. Override and restrict default system actions. Specify callback classes on task status. JSP-based forms for viewing and updating task details. Dynamic assignment functions. Built-in reports #x2014; Priority reports, productivity reports, cycle time reports, and unattended tasks report. Participant types#x2014;consists of single approver, group vote, management chain, sequential list of Electronic Records Essay example approvers, FYI assignees, and how many in nigeria external routing services. Identity service#x2014;interacts with back-end identity management systems to capture all user information from Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) and Health Essay LDAP. The identity service provides role-based access control; you can assign permissions to roles and link an organizational hierarchy to a role model for authorization. You can also do the following: Assign worklist privileges to users, roles, or groups. Maintain user properties such as name, location, phone, fax, and e-mail. Capture organizational hierarchy (reporting structure) and group information. Integrate with standard (for example, LDAP-based) directory services for user and role provisioning. Identity Service for identity service concepts. Send notifications to specified users on specified task changes. Notifications through different delivery channels (e-mail, phone, fax, voice, and SMS) Ability to customize content of how many tribes notifications for different types of tasks. Perform actions on eysenck theory tasks through e-mail. Notification Service for notification service concepts. The Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Out-of-the-box fully customizable worklist. Support for how many tribes various user profiles #x2013; end user, supervisor, task owner, group owner, administrator. View tasks based on user or role ability to perform authorized actions on tasks in the worklist. Ability to filter tasks in worklist view based on eysenck theory of personality various criteria. Ability to acquire and check out shared tasks. Support for how many tribes in nigeria custom work queues. Define custom vacation rules and delegation rules. Provide access to selected worklist views to other users (proxy support) Complete workflow history and theory of personality audit trail. Out-of-the-box productivity reports. 15.2.1 Workflow Functionality: A Procurement Process Example. How Many. The functionality of workflow services can be illustrated using a simple order approval business process to approve or reject an order, as shown in Figure 15-2. requested items. Approval and rejection is a two-step process involving an initial approver and the manager of the uses and gratifications initial approver. The order is first assigned to the Supervisor role. Once a user belonging to the Supervisor role approves the order, it is sent to this user's manager for tribes in nigeria final approval. Figure 15-2 BPEL Workflow. Oracle BPEL Process Manager Order Booking Tutorial for instructions on who is the antagonist 451 designing an order approval business process to approve or reject an order. 15.2.2 Workflow Services Components. Figure 15-3 shows the following workflow services components: The task service provides task state management and persistence of tasks. In addition to these services, the task service exposes operations to update a task, complete a task, escalate and how many tribes reassign tasks, and so on. The task service is effect essay, used by the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application to retrieve tasks assigned to how many tribes in nigeria users. This service also determines if notifications are to be sent to users and groups when the state of the task changes. The task service consists of the following services. Task Routing Service. The task routing service offers services to route, escalate, and reassign the effect essay task. Tribes In Nigeria. The service makes these decisions by interpreting a declarative specification in effect essay, the form of the routing slip. Task Query Service. How Many In Nigeria. The task query service queries tasks for a user based on Electronic example a variety of in nigeria search criterion such as keyword, category, status, business process, attribute values, history information of a task, and so on. The Antagonist. Task Metadata Service. The task metadata service exposes operations to retrieve metadata information related to how many in nigeria a task. The identity service is effect essay, a thin Web service layer on top of the Oracle Application Server 10 g security infrastructure or any custom user repository. It enables authentication and authorization of users and the lookup of how many tribes user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. The notification service delivers notifications with the specified content to the specified user to any of the following channels: e-mail, telephone voice message, pager, fax, and SMS. See Notifications from Workflow Services for more information. User Metadata Service. The user metadata service manages metadata related to Electronic Health Records workflow users, such as user work queues, preferences, vacation, and delegation rules. Runtime config service. The runtime config service provides methods for managing metadata used in how many, the task service run time environment. It principally supports management of task payload flex field mappings. Figure 15-3 Workflow Services Components. Figure 15-4 shows the interactions between the services and the business process. Figure 15-4 Workflow Services and Business Process Interactions. 15.3 Use Cases for Workflow Services. Records Essay. Using workflow services is demonstrated in how many in nigeria, the VacationRequest, AutoLoanDemo, ExpenseRequestApproval, LoanDemoPlus, DocumentReview, HelpDeskServiceRequest, and OrderApproval demos. The following sections describe multiple use cases for workflow services. 15.3.1 Assigning a Task to a User or Role. A vacation request process may start with getting the vacation details from eysenck theory of personality, a user and then routing the request to their manager for approval. User details and the organizational hierarchy can be looked up from a user directory or store. This scenario, shown in Figure 15-5, is described in how many, the OrderApproval sample. Figure 15-5 Assigning Tasks to freeteens com a User or Role from a Directory. 15.3.2 Using the Various Participant Types. A task can be routed through multiple users with a group vote, management chain, or sequential list of approvers participant type. For example, consider a loan request that is how many in nigeria, part of the loan approval flow. The loan request may first be assigned to Health Records a loan agent role. After a specific loan agent acquires and accepts the loan, the loan may be routed further through multiple levels of management if the loan amount is greater that $100,000. This scenario, shown in Figure 15-6, is described in the LoanDemoPlus sample. Figure 15-6 Flow Patterns and Routing Policies. See Participant Types in Workflow Services for how many tribes the various flow types supported by workflow services. You can use these types as building blocks to create complex workflows. Freeteens Com. 15.3.3 Escalation, Expiration, and Delegation. How Many In Nigeria. A high-priority task can be assigned to a certain user or role based on the task type. However, if the Records Essay user does not act on it in a certain time, the task may expire and in how many tribes in nigeria, turn be escalated to the manager for further action. As part of the escalation, you may also notify the users by e-mail, telephone voice message, SMS, pager, or fax. Similarly, a manager may delegate tasks from one reportee to another to balance the load between various task assignees. All tasks defined in BPEL have an associated expiration date. Additionally, you may specify escalation or renewal policies, as shown in Figure 15-7. For example, consider a support call, which is part of the theory definition HelpDeskServiceRequest process. A high-priority task may be assigned to a certain user and if the user does not respond in how many tribes, two days, then the task is routed to freeteens com the manager for further action. Figure 15-7 Escalation and Notification. 15.3.4 Automatic Assignment and Delegation. A user may decide to have another user perform tasks on their behalf. Tasks can be explicitly delegated from the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application or can be automatically delegated. For example, a manager sets up a vacation rule saying that all their high priority tasks are automatically routed to one of their reports while the manager is on vacation. In some cases, tasks can be routed to different individuals based on the content of the task. Another example of automatic routing is to allocate tasks among multiple individuals belonging to a group. For example, a help desk supervisor decides to allocate all tasks for the western region based on a round robin basis or assign tasks to the individual with the in nigeria lowest number of outstanding tasks (the least busy). 15.3.5 Work Queues and Proxy Support. It is often required that one user be provided with access to part of another user's worklist. For example, an executive decides to eysenck of personality provide access to expense approvals within a certain limit to how many in nigeria their secretary. Work queues allow you to create a custom view to freeteens com group a subset of tribes tasks in the worklist (say high priority tasks, tasks due in 24 hours, expense approval tasks, and so on). These work queues can then be granted to other users who can then act on the task owner's behalf. For example, in the scenario described above, the executive can create a delegated expense approvals work queue for expenses below $5000. 15.3.6 The Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Users typically access tasks assigned to them by using the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application, as shown in Figure 15-8. A worklist consists of freeteens com tasks assigned to the user as well as the tribes groups to which they belong. A task may also include forms and attachments in addition to other task details such as history, comments, and Don’t Ask, Don’t approval sequence. The worklist may also be accessed from OracleAS Portal or other clients to act on tasks as well as get productivity reports. The Oracle BPEL Worklist Application can be customized and extended based on the specific needs of an how many in nigeria, application. Who Is 451. See Chapter 16, Worklist Application for details about tribes worklist functionality and the sample Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Figure 15-8 Oracle BPEL Worklist Application#x2014;Access Tasks, Forms, Attachments, and Reports. 15.4 Participant Types in Workflow Services. The Antagonist 451. Oracle BPEL Process Manager provides a library of participant types (known in in nigeria, previous releases as workflow patterns). You can choose a participant type that meets your business requirement and model your workflow based on the participant type. Oracle BPEL Process Manager supports the following participant types: Single Approver #x2014; used for a single user to act on a task. If the task is assigned to a role or group with multiple users, one of the members must claim the task and effect essay act on it. Based on the user's action, you define what the how many in nigeria business process does. Freeteens Com. Group Vote #x2014; used when multiple users, working in tribes, parallel, must take action simultaneously, such as in a hiring situation when multiple users vote to hire or reject an applicant. Uses Theory Definition. You specify the voting percentage that is needed for the outcome to take effect, such as a majority vote or a unanimous vote. Management Chain#x2014;used to route tasks for approval to multiple users in a management chain hierarchy. You specify the task participants as a management chain list or a list of how many users. Sequential list of theory approvers (extension of a sequential workflow)#x2014;used to how many create a list of sequential participants for freeteens com a workflow. This type is tribes in nigeria, similar to the management chain participant type, except that with that type, the users are part of an organization hierarchy. For the Ask, Tell Policy Essay sequential list of approvers participant type, they can be any list of how many tribes in nigeria users or groups. Essay. FYI assignee #x2014; used when a task is sent to a user, but the business process does not wait for a user response; it just continues. FYI assignees cannot directly impact the outcome of a task, but in some cases can provide comments or add attachments. External Routing Service #x2014;used to configure an external routing service that dynamically determines the participants in the workflow. If this participant type is specified, all other participant types are ignored. It is tribes, assumed that the external routing service provides a list of participant types (single approver, list of approvers, group vote, and so on) at run time to determine the routing of the task. 15.4.1 Continuing Workflows from Other Workflows. You can have situations where you need to continue a previous workflow task in the current workflow task. Oracle BPEL Process Manager enables you to include the task history, comments, and attachments from the previous task. This provides you with a complete end-to-end audit trail. 15.5 Overview of the Modeling Process. The modeling process consists of creating a human task, associating it with a BPEL process, and generating the format for displaying the human task during run time in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. This section provides a brief overview of these modeling tasks and provides references to specific modeling instructions. 15.5.1 Create a Human Task Definition with the freeteens com Human Task Editor. The Human Task editor enables you to define the metadata for the task. Tribes. This editor enables you to specify human task settings, such as task outcome, payload structure, task participants, assignment and who is the antagonist routing policy, expiration and escalation policy, notification settings, and so on. This information is saved to how many tribes a metadata task configuration file with a .task extension. 15.5.2 Associate the Human Task Definition with a BPEL Process. You associate the .task file that consists of the human task settings with a BPEL process. Association is freeteens com, made with a human task activity that you drag and tribes drop into your BPEL process for configuring. You also define the task definition, task initiator, task priority, and freeteens com map the task parameter that carries the input data to in nigeria a BPEL variable. You can also define advanced features, such as the theory scope and how many tribes global task variables names (instead of accepting the default names), task owner, identification key, BPEL callback customizations, and whether to extend the human task to include other workflow tasks. When association is complete, a Task Service partner link is created. The Task Service exposes the effect essay operations required to act on the task. 15.5.3 Generate the Task Display Form. You generate the layout of the task display form used for displaying the task header, body (task payload), and footer details at run time in Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. The task display form defines the display mechanism for the task payload (data in the task) in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. How Many In Nigeria. Two types of task display forms are available for use: simple task form and custom task form. Effect Essay. 15.6 Task 1: Creating the how many Human Task Definition with the Human Task Editor. The Human Task editor enables you to Don’t Don’t Policy define the metadata for the task. This editor enables you to tribes in nigeria specify human task settings, such as task outcome, payload structure, task participants, assignment and routing policy, expiration and escalation policy, notification settings, and so on. When human task creation is complete, the following folder and file are created: A folder with the human task name you specify in the Human Task Name field in Accessing the Human Task Editor is created under the Integration Content folder of freeteens com your BPEL process in tribes, the Application Navigator. The human task settings specified in the Human Task editor are saved to a metadata task configuration file with a .task extension. This file is stored in the human task name folder. You can re-edit the settings in this file at any time by double-clicking it in the Application Navigator . This reopens the .task file in the Human Task editor. This section contains the following topics: 15.6.1 Accessing the Human Task Editor. When you are ready to begin creation of Don’t a human task, the Human Task editor can be accessed in tribes in nigeria, several ways in Oracle JDeveloper: 15.6.1.1 From the Application Navigator. This method enables you to create a human task that you can later associate with a BPEL process through use of Electronic Health Records Essay example a human task activity. Tribes. Right-click your BPEL process in Don’t Ask, Don’t Policy Essay, the Application Navigator and select Create Human Task Definition . The Add a Human Task window appears. Enter a name in the Human Task Name field. The name you enter is added to the directory path in the Location field. The Human Task editor appears. You can also create a human task that you later associate with a BPEL process by how many tribes in nigeria selecting New from the File main menu, then selecting Integration Tier Human Tasks Human Task Definition . Effect Essay. This method enables you to create a human task activity with which you immediately associate a BPEL process through use of a human task activity. Select Process Activities from the Component Palette . Drag and drop a Human Task activity into tribes your BPEL process. The Add a Human Task window appears. Click the second icon to the right of the Task Definition field. Enter a name in Don’t Essay, the Human Task Name field. The name you enter is added to the directory path in the Location field. The Human Task editor appears. Tribes In Nigeria. 15.6.2 Reviewing the Sections of the Human Task Editor. The Human Task editor consists of the following main sections shown in Figure 15-9. These sections enable you to create a human task. Figure 15-9 Human Task Editor. Instructions for using these main sections of the Human Task editor to create a workflow task are listed in Table 15-1. Table 15-1 Human Task Editor. (title, outcomes, priority, and owner) (for specifying custom escalation rules, custom style sheets for attachments, multilingual settings, custom task actions, error messages, and uses and gratifications definition callback classes) 15.6.3 Specifying the Task Title, Priority, Outcome, and Owner. Figure 15-10 shows the Task Configuration section of the Human Task editor. This section enables you to specify details such as the task title, task priority, task outcomes, and task owner. Figure 15-10 Human Task Editor #x2014; Task Configuration Section. How Many In Nigeria. Instructions for definition configuring the following subsections of the Task Configuration section are listed in Table 15-2: Table 15-2 Human Task Editor #x2014; Task Configuration Section. 15.6.3.1 Specifying a Task Title and Priority. Enter the following details. See Also: Specifying the Task Initiator and Task Priority for instructions on how many tribes specifying a priority value in the Add a Human Task window. Task outcomes capture the possible outcomes of a task. The Oracle BPEL Worklist Application displays the outcomes you specify here as the possible actions to effect essay perform during run time. You can specify the following types of task outcomes: Select a seeded outcome. Enter a custom outcome. The task outcomes can also have run time display values that are different from the actual outcome value specified here. This permits outcomes to be displayed in a different language in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. See Specifying Multilingual Settings for tribes in nigeria more information about internationalization. Click the flashlight icon to the right of the Outcomes field. The Outcomes window displays the possible outcomes for freeteens com tasks. APPROVE and in nigeria REJECT are selected by default. Select additional task outcomes or deselect the default outcomes. Enter any custom outcomes separated by commas in eysenck, the Custom Outcomes field. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. Your selections display in the Outcomes field. The seeded and in nigeria custom outcomes selected here display for selection in the Majority Voted Outcome section of the group vote participant type. 15.6.3.2.1 Displaying Custom Outcomes in a Human Task Activity. The method by which you create a human task definition determines whether custom outcomes initially display in who is the antagonist in fahrenheit 451, a switch activity. If you perform the how many following tasks: Drag and drop a human task activity into eysenck theory the design window. Click the Create Task Definition icon (second icon) to the right of the Task Definition field. Create a human task definition with custom outcomes. Expand the human task activity. Note that the custom outcomes do not initially display in the switch activity. As a workaround, perform the following steps: Click the how many tribes in nigeria human task activity to display the Human Task window. Click Yes when prompted to update your human task definition to account for the custom outcomes. Open the effect essay switch activity of the human task activity and note that the custom outcomes now appear. Or, always create human task definition files as follows: Right-click the tribes in nigeria BPEL process in uses and gratifications, the A pplication Navigator . In Nigeria. Select Create Human Task Definition . Design a human task definition. Drag a new human task activity into Ask, Essay the design window and associate it with this human task definition file. Open the switch activity of the human task activity and note that the custom outcomes appear. The task owner can view the tasks belonging to business processes they own and perform operations on behalf of any of the assigned task participant types. Additionally, the owner can also reassign, withdraw, or escalate tasks. This optional field defaults to the system user bpeladmin if not specified. The task owner can also be specified in how many in nigeria, the Advanced tab of the Human Task window described in Specifying a Task Owner. The task owner specified in the Advanced tab overrides any task owner you enter here. Select a method for specifying the task owner: 15.6.3.3.1 Specifying a Task Owner By Browsing the User Directory. Task owners can be selected by browsing the user directory (Oracle Internet Directory (OID), JAZN/XML, LDAP, and so on) that is configured for use with Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Click the first icon to the right of the Owner field to display the Identity lookup dialog. Search for the owner by entering a search string such as jcooper, j*, *, and Electronic Health Records example so on. Clicking Lookup fetches all the users that match the how many tribes search criteria. One or more users or groups can be highlighted and selected by clicking Select . View the hierarchy of effect essay a user by highlighting the user and how many tribes clicking Hierarchy . Similarly, clicking Reportees displays the reportees of theory a selected user or group. View the details of a user or group by highlighting the user or group and clicking Detail . Tribes In Nigeria. Click OK to return to the Identity lookup dialog. Click Select to add the eysenck user to the Selected user section. Click OK to how many return to the Human Task editor. Your selection displays in who is the antagonist 451, the Owner field. 15.6.3.3.2 Specifying a Task Owner Dynamically. Task owners can be selected dynamically in the Expression Builder window. Click the second icon to the right of the Owner field to tribes in nigeria display the Expression Builder window: Browse the Don’t Policy Essay available variable schemas and functions to create a task owner. Tribes In Nigeria. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. You selection displays in the Owner field. Click Help for theory instructions on using the Expression Builder window and XPath Building Assistant. 15.6.4 Specifying the Task Payload Data Structure. Figure 15-11 shows the Parameters section of the Human Task editor. How Many In Nigeria. This section enables you to define the structure (message attributes) of the task payload (the data in the task). Task payload data consists of the antagonist in fahrenheit one or more elements or types. Based on your selections, an XML schema definition is created for the task payload. How Many. Figure 15-11 Human Task Editor #x2014; Parameters Section. Click the + sign to display the Add Task Parameter window. Enter the freeteens com following details: You can only define payload flex field mappings in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application for payload parameters that are simple XML types. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. How Many. Your selection displays in the Parameters section. If you want to the antagonist in fahrenheit edit your selection, highlight it and click the first icon in how many, the upper right part of the Parameters section. Effect Essay. Figure 15-12 shows the Assignment and Routing Policy section of the Human Task editor. This section enables you to select a participant type that meets your business requirement. In previous Oracle BPEL Process Manager releases, participant types were known as workflow patterns. You can mix and match multiple participant types to model the human task. This enables you to tribes in nigeria extend the Electronic functionality of a previously configured human task to model more complex workflows. How Many In Nigeria. Each of the participant types has an associated editor that you use for configuration tasks. The sequence in definition, which the assignees are added indicates the execution sequence. Tribes. Figure 15-12 Human Task Editor #x2014; Assignment and Routing Policy Section. Click the + sign to display the Add Participant Type window. This enables you to select a specific participant type. Select a participant type from the Records example Type list. The configuration tasks for tribes each participant type are described in subsequent sections. See the who is in fahrenheit 451 following section based on how many your selection: Sequential list of approvers. External routing service. See the following task assignment and routing policy sections shown in effect essay, Figure 15-12 after you have configured a participant type. These sections are only how many tribes in nigeria available for selection after a participant type has been created. Users and groups for each of the participant types can be specified either statically or dynamically.When the Records example users and groups are specified statically (or by in nigeria browsing the identity service), the uses theory values can be either of the following: A single user or group (for example, jstein ), which in the case of a single approver, is captured as follows: A delimited string of users or groups (for example, jstein , wfaulk , cdickens ), which in the case of tribes a single approver, is captured as follows: You may have a business requirement to create a dynamic list of task approvers specified in a payload variable. Freeteens Com. This XPath expression can resolve to zero or more XML nodes. Each node value can be either of the following: A single user or group. A delimited string of users or groups. For example, the following task shows that the payload message attribute is of type xsd:String and in nigeria its value is a comma-delimited string of approvers. This node can be used to specify the participants. The default delimiter for the assignee delimited string is a comma ( , ). This delimiter can be changed using the assigneeDelimiter XML element in Ask, Policy, the wf-config.xml file. This delimiter applies to all workflows in the system. Specifying participants in this manner is in nigeria, applicable to all participant types, although they are interpreted differently for each type. For example: In a single user participant type, the task is assigned to everyone evaluated. In a sequential list of approvers participant type, the task is sequentially assigned to users and groups evaluated in the list. In a group vote participant type, a task is Don’t Ask, Tell Policy Essay, created for each user and group evaluated in tribes, the list. This interpretation of resource XPath expressions provides orcl:create-nodeset-from-delimited-string -equivalent functionality to freeteens com enable you to specify a dynamic list of how many one or more task approvers (resource element members) from the payload variable. 15.6.5.2 Configuring the Single Approver Participant Type. Figure 15-13 displays the freeteens com Single Approver window. This participant type requires a single user to act on a task. If the task is assigned to a role or group with multiple users, one of the members must claim the task and act on it. Based on the user's action, you define what the business process does. How Many In Nigeria. For example, a vacation request is freeteens com, assigned to a manager. The manager must act on how many in nigeria the request task three days before the vacation starts. Ask, Don’t Tell Policy Essay. If the manager formally approves or rejects the request, the how many in nigeria employee is the antagonist in fahrenheit 451, notified with the decision. If the manager does not act on the task, the request is treated as rejected. Notification actions similar to the formal rejection are taken. Figure 15-13 Add Participant Type #x2014; Single Approver. Enter a recognizable label for this participant in in nigeria, the Label field. This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and so on). Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the Add Participant Type - Single Approver window are listed in Table 15-3: Table 15-3 Add Participant Type #x2014; Single Approver. 15.6.5.2.1 Assigning Participants to effect essay the Single Approver Task. How Many In Nigeria. Select a method for assigning a user or group to participate in performing actions on this task. Enter a user or group name or click the first icon ( flashlight ) to the right of the field to display a window for selecting a user or group configured through the identity service. The identity service enables user authorization and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. User information is obtained from Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) or an LDAP server such as Oracle Internet Directory. You can use wild cards (*) to search for IDs. Dynamically assign this task to a user (for example, jcooper ) or group (for example, administrators ) by clicking the icon to the right of the field to Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell display the Expression Builder window. Users who are members of tribes a group are assigned this task. For a user to act on a task assigned to Health example a group, they must first claim the task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. How Many In Nigeria. The XPath expressions for specifying assignees must follow these rules: They must be based off the task XSD. This includes the payload as defined in the payload section. For example, /task:task/task:payload/order:orderAssignee is an example of an XPath expression based of the task XSD. The XPath expressions cannot contain BPEL-specific XPath functions such as bpws:getVariableData() , and so on uses because these XPath expressions are not evaluated from the context of a BPEL instance. The XPath expressions can contain XPath functions that are BPEL-independent. This includes identity service XPath functions like ids:getManager() , and so on. 15.6.5.2.2 Bypassing a Task Participant. Select the Specify skip rule check box if you want the user or group to be bypassed if a specific condition is satisfied. This action displays an tribes, icon for accessing the Expression Builder window for building a condition. Eysenck Of Personality. For example, if a user submits a business trip expense report that is below a specific amount, no approval is required by their manager. The expression to bypass a task participant must evaluate to in nigeria a Boolean value. For example, /task:task/task:payload/order:orderAmount 1000 is a valid XPath expression for skipping a participant. 15.6.5.2.3 Specifying a Time Limit for Acting on a Task. Click the + sign to expand the Advanced section shown in Figure 15-13. Select Limit allocated duration to . Specify the amount of time a user or group receives to Ask, Tell Policy act on a task. If the how many tribes user or group does not act in the time specified, the global escalation and renewal policies that you set in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section (known as the routing slip level) of the Human Task editor are applied. For example, if the global policy is set to escalate the task and this participant does not act in the duration provided, the task is escalated to the manager or another user, as appropriate. Don’t Tell Policy. Escalating, Renewing, or Ending the Task for instructions on setting the global escalation and renewal policies in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section of the Human Task editor. 15.6.5.2.4 Inviting Additional Participants to a Task. Click the + sign to expand the Advanced section (if not already expanded). Select the Allow this participant to invite other participants check box if you want this task assignee to invite other participants into in nigeria the workflow before routing it to the next assignee in this workflow. For example, assume the approval workflow goes from James Cooper to John Steinbeck. If this option is checked, James Cooper can decide to first route it to Irving Stone before it goes to John Steinbeck. 15.6.5.3 Configuring the Group Vote Participant Type. Figure 15-14 displays the Group Vote window. Who Is The Antagonist In Fahrenheit. This participant type is used when multiple users, working in parallel, must take action simultaneously, such as in a hiring situation when multiple users vote to hire or reject an applicant. You specify the voting percentage that is needed for the outcome to take effect, such as a majority vote or a unanimous vote. For example, a business process collects the tribes feedback from all interviewers in the hiring process, consolidates it, and assigns a hire or reject request to each of the interviewers. At the end, the candidate is hired if the majority of interviewers vote for freeteens com hiring instead of rejecting. Figure 15-14 Add Participant Type #x2014; Group Vote. Enter a recognizable label for this participant in the Label field. This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and how many in nigeria so on). Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the freeteens com Add Participant Type - Group Vote window are listed in Table 15-4: Table 15-4 Add Participant Type #x2014; Group Vote Window. Immediately trigger voted outcome when minimum percentage is how many, met. Wait until all votes are in before triggering outcome. 15.6.5.3.1 Assigning Participants to the Group Vote Task. Select a method for assigning a user or group to effect essay participate in this task. The assigned participants must establish a consensus on when a task is considered complete. Enter a user or group name or click the how many tribes in nigeria first icon ( flashlight ) to uses and gratifications definition the right of the field to display a window for selecting a user or group configured through the identity service. The identity service enables user authorization and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and how many in nigeria privileges. User information is obtained from Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) or an LDAP server such as Oracle Internet Directory. You can use wild cards (*) to search for IDs. Dynamically assign this task to a user (for example, jcooper ) or group (for example, administrators ) by clicking the icon to the right of the field to display the Expression Builder window. Users who are members of Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell Essay a group are assigned this task. For a user to act on a task assigned to a group, they must first claim the task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. Tribes In Nigeria. Assigning Participants to the Single Approver Task for rules to follow when specifying assignees with XPath expressions. 15.6.5.3.2 Bypassing a Task Participant. Select the Specify skip rule check box if you want the user or group to who is the antagonist in fahrenheit be bypassed if a specific condition is satisfied. This action displays an how many, icon for effect essay accessing the Expression Builder window for building a condition. For example, if a user submits a business trip expense report that is below a specific amount, no approval is required by their manager. The expression must evaluate to a Boolean value. Bypassing a Task Participant for an example of tribes in nigeria a valid XPath expression for skipping a participant. 15.6.5.3.3 Sharing Attachments and Comments with Task Participants. Uses And Gratifications Theory. Select the Share attachments and comments check box if you want all group voters or workflow participants to share comments and attachments for this task. In Nigeria. This information typically displays in the footer region of the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. 15.6.5.3.4 Specifying Group Voting Details. Specify a method for selecting the outcome for the final task. If you select By Expression from the lists below, you can dynamically specify the details by clicking the icon to effect essay the right of the field to display the Expression Builder window. Select the how many in nigeria default outcome for Don’t Tell Policy this task to take effect if the consensus percentage value is not satisfied. This happens if there is a tie or if all participants do not respond before the task expires. Tribes. Seeded and custom outcomes that you entered in the Outcomes window in Specifying a Task Outcome display in this list. Select a percentage value required for the outcome of who is the antagonist this task to take effect; for tribes in nigeria example, a majority vote ( 51 ) or a unanimous vote ( 100 ). For example, assume there are two possible outcomes ( ACCEPT and REJECT ) and five subtasks. If two subtasks are accepted and three are rejected, and the required acceptance percentage is 50%, the of personality outcome of the task is rejected. How Many Tribes. Specify additional group voting details: Immediately trigger voted outcome when minimum percentage is met. If selected, the the antagonist 451 outcome of the task can be computed early with the in nigeria outcomes of the completed subtasks, enabling the pending subtasks to be withdrawn. For example, assume four users are assigned to the antagonist in fahrenheit 451 act on a task, the default outcome is in nigeria, APPROVE , and the consensus percentage is 451, set at 50 . If the first two users approve the task, the third and fourth users do not need to act on the task, since the consensus percentage value has already been satisfied. Wait until all votes are in before triggering outcome. How Many In Nigeria. If selected, the workflow waits for all responses before an the antagonist 451, outcome is initiated. 15.6.5.3.5 Specifying a Time Limit for Acting on a Task. Click the + sign to tribes in nigeria expand the Advanced section shown in Figure 15-14. Select Limit allocated duration to . Theory. Specify the amount of time a user or group receives to act on a task. If the user or group does not act in the time specified, the global escalation and renewal policies that you set in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section (known as the how many routing slip level) of the Human Task editor are applied. For example, if the global policy is set to escalate the task and this participant does not act in the duration provided, the task is escalated to the manager or another user, as appropriate. Escalating, Renewing, or Ending the who is Task for instructions on setting the global escalation and renewal policies in how many in nigeria, the Expiration and Escalation Policy section of the Human Task editor. 15.6.5.4 Configuring the eysenck of personality Management Chain Participant Type. Figure 15-15 displays the Management Chain window. This participant type routes tasks for approval to multiple users in a management chain hierarchy. You specify the how many tribes task participants as a management chain list or a list of users. Eysenck Theory. For example, a purchase order is assigned to a manager. If the manager approves the order, it is assigned to their manager. Tribes In Nigeria. If that manager approves it, it is eysenck theory, assigned to their manager, and so on until three managers approve the order. If any of the how many managers reject the request or the effect essay request expires, the order is rejected. Figure 15-15 Add Participant Type #x2014; Management Chain. How Many. Enter a recognizable label for this participant in the Label field. This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and so on). Instructions for configuring the freeteens com following subsections of the Add Participant Type - Management Chain window are listed in Table 15-5: Table 15-5 Add Participant Type - Management Chain. How Many. Highest Title of Approver. 15.6.5.4.1 Assigning Participants to the Management Chain Task. Select a method for assigning a user or group to participate in this task. Ask, Don’t Tell. Enter a user or group name or click the how many first icon ( flashlight ) to the right of the field to display a window for selecting a user or group configured through the identity service. The identity service enables user authorization and freeteens com the lookup of how many tribes user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. User information is obtained from Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) or an LDAP server such as Oracle Internet Directory. You can use wild cards (*) to search for IDs. Dynamically assign this task to a user (for example, jcooper ) or group (for example, administrators ) by eysenck theory clicking the icon to how many tribes the right of the field to display the Expression Builder window. Users who are members of a group are assigned this task. Effect Essay. For a user to in nigeria act on a task assigned to a group, they must first claim the task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. Freeteens Com. Assigning Participants to the Single Approver Task for rules to follow when specifying assignees with XPath expressions. 15.6.5.4.2 Bypassing a Task Participant. Select the Specify skip rule check box if you want the user or group to be bypassed if a specific condition is satisfied. This action displays an icon for how many tribes accessing the Expression Builder window for building a condition. For example, if a user submits a business trip expense report that is below a specific amount, no approval is required by their manager. The expression must evaluate to a Boolean value. Bypassing a Task Participant for an example of a valid XPath expression for skipping a participant. 15.6.5.4.3 Specifying the Number of Approvers. Specify the following task routing parameters. When both parameters are specified, task routing is uses and gratifications theory, determined by both parameters. How Many In Nigeria. The routing continues until one of Electronic Records Essay these parameters is satisfied. If you select By Expression from the lists below, you can dynamically specify the in nigeria details by clicking the icon to the right of the field to display the Expression Builder window. The Antagonist 451. Maximum Number of Chain Levels Up. Enter a value for how many tribes in nigeria the number of levels in Don’t Ask, Tell, the management chain to include in in nigeria, this task. For example, if set to 2 and the task is initially assigned to user jcooper , both the user jstein (manager of uses jcooper ) and the user wfaulk (manager of in nigeria jstein ) are included in and gratifications definition, the list (apart from jcooper , the initial assignee). This is a mandatory field. Highest Title of Approver. Select the title of the last (highest) user in the management chain. The title is retrieved from the identity service. 15.6.5.4.4 Specifying a Time Limit for Acting on how many in nigeria a Task. Click the + sign to expand the Advanced section shown in Figure 15-15. Select Limit allocated duration to . Effect Essay. Specify the amount of time a user or group receives to act on a task. If the user or group does not act in the time specified, the global escalation and renewal policies that you set in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section (known as the routing slip level) of the Human Task editor are applied. For example, if the global policy is set to escalate the task and this participant does not act in the duration provided, the task is escalated to the manager or another user, as appropriate. Tribes In Nigeria. Escalating, Renewing, or Ending the Task for instructions on freeteens com setting the how many tribes in nigeria global escalation and Don’t Ask, Don’t Essay renewal policies in the Expiration and how many tribes Escalation Policy section of the Human Task editor. 15.6.5.4.5 Inviting Additional Participants to a Task. Click the effect essay + sign to expand the Advanced section (if not already expanded). Select Allow this participant to invite other participants if you want this task assignee to invite other participants into the workflow before routing it to the next assignee in this workflow. For example, assume the approval workflow goes from James Cooper to John Steinbeck. If this option is checked, James Cooper can decide to first route it to Irving Stone before it goes to John Steinbeck. For the management chain participant type, the how many in nigeria additional participants can be invited only by the last user in the management chain. 15.6.5.5 Configuring the Sequential List of Approvers Participant Type. Figure 15-16 displays the who is in fahrenheit 451 Sequential List of Approvers window. This enables you to how many tribes create a list of sequential participants for a workflow. For example, if you want a document to be reviewed by John, Mary, and Scott in sequence, use this participant type. This is Don’t Don’t Policy Essay, similar to the management chain participant type, except that with that type, the users are part of an organization hierarchy. For the sequential list of approvers participant type, they can be any list of users or groups. Figure 15-16 Add Participant Type #x2014; Sequential List of Approvers. Enter a recognizable label for this participant in the Label field. This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and so on). Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the Add Participant Type - Sequential List of Approvers window are listed in Table 15-6. Table 15-6 Add Participant Type #x2014; Sequential List of Approvers. 15.6.5.5.1 Assigning Participants to the Sequential List of how many tribes in nigeria Approvers Task. Select a method for assigning a user or group to in fahrenheit participate in this task. Tribes In Nigeria. Enter a user or group name or click the first icon ( flashlight ) to the right of the field to display a window for selecting a user or group configured through the identity service. Essay Example. The identity service enables user authorization and how many in nigeria the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. User information is Electronic Essay example, obtained from Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) or an LDAP server such as Oracle Internet Directory. You can use wild cards (*) to how many tribes in nigeria search for IDs. Effect Essay. Dynamically assign this task to in nigeria a user (for example, jcooper ) or group (for example, administrators ) by clicking the icon to the right of the field to display the the antagonist in fahrenheit Expression Builder window. Users who are members of a group are assigned this task. For a user to act on a task assigned to in nigeria a group, they must first claim the of personality task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. In Nigeria. Assigning Participants to the Single Approver Task for rules to follow when specifying assignees with XPath expressions. 15.6.5.5.2 Bypassing a Task Participant. Select the Specify skip rule check box if you want the user or group to be bypassed if a specific condition is satisfied. This action displays an icon for accessing the theory of personality Expression Builder window for building a condition. For example, if a user submits a business trip expense report that is below a specific amount, no approval is required by in nigeria their manager. The expression must evaluate to a Boolean value. Bypassing a Task Participant for an example of a valid XPath expression for skipping a participant. 15.6.5.5.3 Specifying a Time Limit for uses and gratifications definition Acting on a Task. Click the in nigeria + sign to expand the Advanced section shown in Figure 15-16. Click Limit allocated duration to . Specify the amount of time a user or group receives to act on a task. If the uses definition user or group does not act in the time specified, the global escalation and renewal policies that you set in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section (known as the routing slip level) of the Human Task editor are applied. For example, if the global policy is set to escalate the how many tribes in nigeria task and this participant does not act in the duration provided, the task is escalated to the manager or another user, as appropriate. Escalating, Renewing, or Ending the Task for instructions on setting the global escalation and renewal policies in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section of the Human Task editor. 15.6.5.5.4 Inviting Additional Participants to a Task. Click the + sign to expand the Advanced section (if not already expanded). Select Allow this participant to invite other participants if you want this task assignee to invite other participants into and gratifications theory the workflow before routing it to the next assignee in this workflow. For example, assume the approval workflow goes from James Cooper to John Steinbeck. How Many. If this option is checked, James Cooper can decide to first route it to Irving Stone before it goes to John Steinbeck. For the sequential list of approvers participant type, the additional participants can be invited only by the last user in freeteens com, the management chain. 15.6.5.6 Configuring the FYI Assignee Participant Type. Figure 15-17 displays the FYI Assignee window. This participant type is used when a task is sent to a user, but the business process does not wait for tribes a user response; it just continues. FYI assignees cannot directly impact the outcome of a task, but in some cases can provide comments or add attachments. For example, a magazine subscription is due for renewal. If the user does not cancel the current subscription before the expiration date, the subscription is renewed. This user is reminded weekly until the request expires or the Records Essay user acts on it. Figure 15-17 Add Participant Type #x2014; FYI Assignee. Enter a recognizable label for this participant in the Label field. This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and so on). Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the Add Participant Type - FYI Assignee window are listed in Table 15-7: Table 15-7 Add Participant Type - FYI Assignee. 15.6.5.6.1 Assigning Participants to the FYI Assignee Task. Select a method for assigning a user or group to participate in this task. Enter a user or group name or click the first icon ( flashlight ) to the right of the field to display a window for selecting a user or group configured through the identity service. The identity service enables user authorization and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. User information is obtained from Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) or an LDAP server such as Oracle Internet Directory. You can use wild cards (*) to search for IDs. Dynamically assign this task to how many in nigeria a user (for example, jcooper ) or group (for example, administrators ) by clicking the icon to the right of the field to display the Expression Builder window. Eysenck. Users who are members of a group are assigned this task. For a user to act on a task assigned to a group, they must first claim the task in how many tribes in nigeria, the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. Assigning Participants to the Single Approver Task for rules to follow when specifying assignees with XPath expressions. 15.6.5.6.2 Sharing Attachments and Comments with Task Participants. Select the Share attachments and freeteens com comments check box if you want all group voters or workflow participants to share comments and attachments for this task. This information typically displays in the footer region of the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. 15.6.5.7 Configuring the External Routing Service Participant Type. Figure 15-18 displays the External Routing Service window. How Many In Nigeria. This participant type enables you to configure an external routing service that dynamically determines the participants in the workflow. If this participant type is uses and gratifications theory, specified, all other participant types are ignored. It is assumed that the external routing service provides a list of participant types (single approver, list of approvers, group vote, and so on) at tribes, run time to determine the routing of the task. Figure 15-18 Add Participant Type #x2014; External Routing Service. Effect Essay. Enter a recognizable label for this participant in the Label field. This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and so on). Enter the fully qualified class file name or click the flashlight icon to select the name (for example, the org.mycompany.tasks.RoutingService class name). This class must implement the tribes in nigeria oracle.bpel.services.workflow.task.IAssignmentService interface. Click the + sign to effect essay add name and pair value parameters that can be passed to the external service. 15.6.5.8 Allowing All Participants to Invite Other Participants. After you configure a participant type and are returned to the Human Task editor, the Allow all participants to invite other participants check box is enabled, as shown in Figure 15-19. Figure 15-19 Human Task Editor #x2014; Assignment and Routing Policy Section. How Many. This check box is the equivalent of the Adhoc workflow pattern of previous BPEL releases. This applies when there is at least one participant. Ask, Tell. In this case, each user selects users or groups as the next assignee when approving the task. If you want this task assignee to invite other participants into how many tribes the workflow before routing it to the next assignee in this workflow, select the Allow all participants to invite other participants check box. 15.6.5.9 Abruptly Completing a Condition. After you configure a participant type and who is 451 are returned to the Human Task editor, the Enable abrupt completion condition check box is enabled, as shown in Figure 15-19. If you want to specify conditions under which to complete the task early, regardless of the other participants in the workflow, select the Enable abrupt completion condition check box. The Abrupt Completion Details window appears. For example, assume an expense report goes to the manager, and then the director. If the first participant (manager) rejects it, you can end the workflow without sending it to the next participant (director). There are two methods for specifying the abrupt completion of a task: XPath expression routing condition. If outcomes are specified, any time the selected task outcome occurs, the task completes. If both outcome and routing condition are specified, the workflow service performs a logical OR on how many the two. Select appropriate outcomes and theory of personality click the button. To select all, click the button. Click the icon to the right of the Routing Condition field to display the Expression Builder window for dynamically creating a condition under which to complete this task early. For example, if a user submits a business trip expense report that is how many in nigeria, below a specific amount, no approval is required by their manager. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. The check box is in fahrenheit 451, selected, indicating that you have defined information. You can click the icon to the right of the Enable abrupt completion condition check box to how many in nigeria edit this information. 15.6.6 Escalating, Renewing, or Ending the Task. Freeteens Com. Figure 15-20 shows the Expiration and Escalation Policy section of the Human Task editor. You can specify expiration duration of a task in this global policy section (also known as the routing slip level). If expiration duration is specified at the routing slip level instead of at the participant type level, then this duration is the expiration duration of the how many tribes task across all the participants. However, if you specify expiration duration at of personality, the participant type level (through the Limit allocated duration to field), then those settings take precedence over settings specified in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section (routing slip level). Figure 15-20 Human Task Editor #x2014; Expiration and tribes in nigeria Escalation Policy Section. 15.6.6.1 Overview or Escalation and Expiration Policy. This section provides an overview of how specifying the effect essay expiration duration at how many, this level makes this setting the effect essay expiration duration of the how many task across all the participants. For example, participant LoanAgentGroup and participant Supervisor have 3 days to act on the task between them, as shown in Figure 15-21: Figure 15-21 Expire After Policy. If there is no expiration specified at either the participant level or this routing slip level, then that task has no expiration duration. If expiration duration is specified at freeteens com, any of the participant's level, then for that participant the participant expiration duration is used. Tribes In Nigeria. However, the global expiration duration is still used for the participants that do not have participant level expiration duration. Don’t Tell Policy. The global expiration duration is always decremented by the time elapsed in the task. The policy to interpret the participant level expiration for the participants is described below: Management Chain #x2014; Each participant in the management chain gets the same expiration duration. The duration is not for all the assignments resulting from this assignment. How Many. If the freeteens com task expires at any of the assignments in the management chain, the how many tribes in nigeria task expires and the escalation and renewal policy is applied. Electronic Essay. Sequential list of approvers #x2014; Each assignment in the management chain gets the same expiration duration as the one specified in the sequential list of approvers. Note that the duration is not for all the assignments resulting from this assignment. If the task expires at how many tribes, any of the assignments in the management chain, the task expires and the escalation and renewal policy is applied. In a group vote workflow, if the parallel participants are specified as a resource, a routing slip is created for Records each of the resources. The expiration duration of each created routing slip follows these rules: The expiration duration is the same as the expiration duration of the parallel participant if it has an expiration duration specified. The expiration duration that is left on the task if it was specified at the routing slip level. No expiration duration, otherwise. How Many. If parallel participants are specified as routing slips, then the expiration duration for the parallel participants are determined by the routing slip. When the parent task expires in a parallel task, the subtasks are withdrawn if those tasks have not expired or completed. In the following routing slip sample, participant Loan Agent Group has an expiration duration of 1 day and participant Loan Agent Supervisor does not have any expiration duration on the task, even though an Don’t Tell Policy Essay, expiration duration is specified at tribes in nigeria, the routing slip level. In this example, the routing slip is treated just as if there were no expiration duration specified at the routing slip level. Uses And Gratifications. Table 15-8 demonstrates the expiration policy. Note that the how many management chain in the above example evaluates to two users #x2014; wfaulk and uses and gratifications theory cdickens (manager of how many tribes in nigeria wfaulk ). Table 15-8 Expiration Policy. Select an escalation and effect essay expiration policy. You can enter a fixed time or a dynamic time by clicking the how many in nigeria icon to the right of the By Expression field to display the Expression Builder window. If you never want the task to expire, select Never Expire from the list shown in Figure 15-20. If you want the task to expire, select Expire after from the list shown in Figure 15-20. Specify the maximum time period for the task to remain open. When the task expires, either the escalation policy or the renewal policy at the routing slip level is applied. If neither is specified, the task expires. Freeteens Com. The expiration policy at the routing slip level is common to all the participants. The expiration policy for parallel participants is interpreted as follows. If parallel participants are specified as resources in parallel elements, there is no expiration policy for each of those participants. Tribes. If parallel participants are specified as routing slips, then the effect essay expiration policy for tribes the routing slip applies to the parallel participants. Figure 15-22 indicates that the task expires in 3 days. Effect Essay. Figure 15-22 Expire After Policy. If you want to extend the expiration period when the user does not respond within the allotted time, select Renew after from the list shown in Figure 15-20. Specify the maximum number of times to continue renewing this task. The renewal policy specifies the number of times the task can be renewed on expiration and the renewal duration. In Figure 15-23, when the task expires, it is tribes, renewed at most 3 times. Uses. It does not matter if the task expired at the LoanAgentGroup participant or the Supervisor participant. Figure 15-23 Renew After Policy. If you want to escalate the how many in nigeria task (for example, to the user's manager) if the user does not respond within the allotted time, select Escalate after from the list shown in Figure 15-20. Specify the following additional values: Maximum Escalation Levels. Of Personality. Number of management levels to which to escalate the task. Highest Approver Title. The title of the highest approver (for example, self, manager, director, or CEO). The escalation policy specifies the number of times the task can be escalated on expiration and the renewal duration. In Figure 15-24, when the task expires, it is escalated at most 3 times. Tribes In Nigeria. It does not matter if the task expired at the LoanAgentGroup participant or the Supervisor participant. Figure 15-24 Escalate After Policy. 15.6.7 Specifying Participant Notification Preferences. Figure 15-25 shows the Notification Settings section of the Human Task editor (when fully expanded). Notifications indicate when a user is assigned a task or informed that the status of the task has changed. Notifications can be sent through e-mail, voice message, fax, pager, or SMS. Notifications are sent to different types of participants for different actions. Don’t Don’t Policy Essay. Notifications are configured by default with default messages. For example, a notification message is sent to indicate that a task has completed and closed. You can create your own or modify existing configurations. How Many. Figure 15-25 Human Task Editor #x2014; Notification Settings Section. Click the + sign to theory of personality expand the Notification Settings section (displays as shown in how many tribes, Figure 15-25). Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the Notification Setting s section are listed in Table 15-9. Table 15-9 Human Task Editor #x2014; Notification Settings Section. Make e-mail messages actionable. Send task attachments with email notifications. 15.6.7.1 Notifying Recipients of Changes to Task Status. Three default status types display in the Task Status column: Assign , Complete , and Error . Records Example. You can select other status types for which to receive notification messages. Click a type in how many tribes, the Task Status column to display the complete list of task types: Assign #x2014;when the task is assigned to theory of personality users or a group. This action captures the following actions: Task is assigned to a user. Task is assigned to a new user in a sequential list of approvers workflow. Task is renewed. Task is delegated. Task is reassigned. Task is escalated. Information for how many in nigeria a task is submitted. Select a task status type. Notifications can be sent to users involved in the task in various capacities. This includes when the task is assigned to a group, each user in and gratifications, the group is sent a notification if there is no notification endpoint available for the group. Click an entry in the Recipient column to display a list of possible recipients for in nigeria the notification message. Assignees #x2014;the users or groups to whom the task is currently assigned. Initiator #x2014;the user who created the task. Approvers #x2014;the users who have approved the task so far. This applies in a sequential list of approvers participant type where multiple users have approved the task and a notification must be sent to all of them. Owner #x2014;the task owner. Electronic Health Essay. 15.6.7.2 Editing the Notification Message. A default notification message is available for delivery to the selected recipient. If you want, you can modify the how many tribes default message text. Click the icon in the Notification Header column to modify the default notification message. The Edit Notification Message window appears. This message applies to all the supported notification channels: e-mail, voice, fax, pager, and SMS. E-mail and fax messages can also include the worklist task detail defined in uses theory, this message. The channel by in nigeria which the message is delivered is based upon the notification preferences you specify. Modify the message wording as necessary. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. You can send task reminders, which can be based on the time the task was assigned to a user or the expiration time of a task. Freeteens Com. The number of reminders and the interval between the reminders can also be configured. Select the in nigeria number of reminders to send from the Remind list. Don’t Don’t Tell Policy Essay. If you selected to remind the assignee one, two, or three times, select the interval between reminders, and whether to send the reminder before or after the tribes assignment. 15.6.7.4 Securing Notifications, Making Messages Actionable, and Sending Attachments. You can perform additional notification tasks in this section. Select the corresponding check box for functionality you want to use. See Also : Sending Actionable E-mails for additional configuration details. 15.6.8 Specifying Advanced Settings. This section enables you to specify advanced human task features, such as specifying custom escalation rules, custom style sheets for attachments, multilingual settings, custom task actions and error messages, and callback classes. Figure 15-26 shows the advanced settings section of the Human Task editor. Figure 15-26 Human Task Editor #x2014; Advanced Settings Section. Table 15-10 describes the sections available. Effect Essay. Table 15-10 Advanced Settings Sections. Tribes In Nigeria. 15.6.8.1 Specifying Escalation Rules. This option allows a custom escalation rule to be plugged in for a particular workflow. For example, to who is the antagonist 451 assign the task to a current user's department manager on task expiration, you can write a custom task escalation function, register it with the how many workflow service, and use that function in task definitions. The default escalation rule is to freeteens com assign a task to the manager of the current user. To add a new escalation rule, follow the how many tribes in nigeria steps below. Implement interface oracle.bpel.services.workflow.assignment.dynamic.IDynamicTaskEscalationFunction . This implementation has to be available in the classpath for the server. Change the file SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfigwf-dynamic-assign-cfg.xml to add a new function: Enter the function name as defined in the wf-dynamic-assign-cfg.xml file for the antagonist in fahrenheit the escalation rule in the Specify Escalation Rule field. How Many. 15.6.8.2 Specifying WordML Style Sheets for Attachments. This option allows dynamic creation of Health example Microsoft Word documents for the purpose of sending them as e-mail attachments using a WordML XSLT stylesheet. The XSLT stylesheet is applied on in nigeria the task document. Click the flashlight icon to select a WordML style sheet as an attachment. 15.6.8.3 Specifying Style Sheets for Attachments. This option allows creation of e-mail attachments using an XSLT stylesheet. The XSLT stylesheet is applied on the task document. Click the flashlight icon to select a stylesheet as an attachment. 15.6.8.4 Specifying Multilingual Settings. You can specify resource bundles for displaying task details in different languages in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Resource bundles are supported for the following task details. Displaying the value for Electronic Records example task outcomes in plain text or with the tribes in nigeria message(key) format. Displaying the XML element and attributes names in the payload display of the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. The key name in the resource bundle must be the same as the name of the XML element and attributes for internationalization of freeteens com XML element names in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Making e-mail notification messages available in different languages. At run time, specify the in nigeria XPath extension function hwf:getTaskResourceBundleString(taskId, key, locale?) to obtain the uses theory definition internationalized string from the specified resource bundle. The locale of the notification recipient can be retrieved with the function hwf:getNotificationProperty(propertyName) . Click Configure Resource . How Many Tribes. The Resource Details window appears. Enter the uses name of the resource used in the resource bundle. Click the tribes in nigeria flashlight icon to select the JAR or ZIP resource bundle file to use. The resource bundle can be part of your BPEL suitcase. Click OK to return to uses and gratifications the Human Task editor. 15.6.8.5 Overriding Default System Actions. The actions performed from the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application are common to all business processes. How Many. However, you can restrict some actions in a particular business process. For example, assume that in a loan approval process, the Electronic Health business requirement is to never suspend a loan application. To model this scenario at design time, you can select Suspend as a restricted action. In Nigeria. When an action is selected as restricted, the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application does not display the action for this task. By default, these actions are available on all tasks based on the user's privileges. The task owner or bpeladmin administrator can always perform any of these actions on processes they own. Click Configure Actions . Select the system actions allowed on a task. By default, all are selected and available (unrestricted). The following system actions can be restricted by eysenck unselecting them: Suspend #x2014; Enables task owners (or users with the BPMWorkflowSuspend privilege) to put a workflow temporarily on hold. Task expiration and tribes escalation do not apply until the uses theory workflow is resumed. In Nigeria. No actions are permitted on a suspended task (except resume and withdraw). Freeteens Com. Push back #x2014; Sends the task one level back in the workflow. For example, assume the task was routed to the LoanAgentGroup and then to jstein . If jstein now pushes the task back, it goes back to the LoanAgentGroup. In Nigeria. Renew #x2014; If a task is about to expire, a task assignee can renew the task and request more time to perform the task. This operation is not allowed if the effect essay process designer has restricted task renewal on the workflow. Skip current assignment #x2014; Skips the current assignment and moves to the next assignment or picks the outcome as set by the previous approver if there are no more assignees. Adhoc Route #x2014; Enables a user to enter an how many, outcome and then route the task in an adhoc fashion to in fahrenheit the next user who must review the task. Request Information #x2014; Any workflow participant can request information from the task initiator or any of the prior approvers of the how many in nigeria task. When the requested information is example, submitted, the task is assigned to the user who requested the information. Delegate #x2014; Any workflow participant can delegate the task to how many in nigeria another user. In this case, the other user is acting on uses and gratifications definition behalf of the current assignee. When the in nigeria task is Electronic Health Records example, delegated, it resides on both users' worklists until the tribes in nigeria original assignee or the delegated person acts on it. Reassign #x2014; Enables the current assignee of the task to transfer it to another user or group. In this case, the task is moved from the worklist of the current assignee to effect essay the new assignee. Escalate #x2014; Escalates a task to their manager for further action. Withdraw #x2014; Enables the task initiator to withdraw any pending task if they no longer want to how many tribes send it through the workflow. Uses Theory Definition. A task owner can also withdraw a task on behalf of the initiator. How Many Tribes. When a task is withdrawn, the uses theory definition business process is called back with the tribes in nigeria state attribute of the task set to Withdrawn . Policy Essay. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. 15.6.8.6 Overriding Default Exception Management. Tasks can error due to incorrect assignments. Incorrect assignments can occur for any of the following reasons: Invalid assignees #x2014; The task assignee user or group is not a valid user in the system. Invalid dynamic assignment #x2014; When assignees are specified to be dynamic, the dynamic XPath expression is not evaluated. In the above cases, the task is marked as errored. By default, the life cycle of the task is completed with that action.During modeling of workflow tasks, you can specify error assignees for the workflow. If error assignees are specified, they are evaluated and the task is assigned to them. The error assignee can perform one of the following actions: Adhoc route #x2014; route the task to the actual users assigned to the task. Adhoc route allows the task to be routed to users in sequence, parallel, and in nigeria so on. Freeteens Com. Reassign #x2014; reassign the task to the actual users assigned to this task. Error task #x2014; indicate that this task cannot be rectified. If there are any errors in evaluating the error assignees, the task is in nigeria, marked as errored. This window enables you to specify the users or groups to whom the task is assigned if an error in assignment has occurred. Click Configure Assignment . Select the error assignees. 15.6.8.7 Specifying Callback Classes on Task Status. You can register callbacks for the workflow service to call during the freeteens com life cycle of how many tribes a task. The callback class has to implement the interface oracle.bpel.services.workflow.task.IRoutingSlipCallback . Records Essay. Make the callback class available in the classpath of the server. Tribes In Nigeria. Click Configure Callbacks . Click the + sign to add a callback to the table. A callback named OnAssigned is automatically added to the Callback column. Click OnAssigned to display a list of additional callback values to select for this column. The following callbacks are available: onCompleted #x2014; This callback is invoked when the task is completed, expired, withdrawn, or errored. onAssigned #x2014; This callback is invoked when the task is assigned to a new set of assignees due to the following actions: skip current assignment. override routing slip. onUpdated #x2014; This callback is invoked for any other update to the task that does not fall in the onTaskComplete or onTaskAssigned callback. This includes updates on effect essay a task due to request for information, submit information, escalation, reassign, and so on. onSubtaskUpdated #x2014; This callback is invoked for how many in nigeria any update to a subtask. Click Java in the Type column to display a list of the antagonist 451 additional values for this column. Click the empty field in in nigeria, the Value column to enter a value. The value is the uses theory definition complete class name of the Java class that implements oracle.bpel.services.workflow.task.IRoutingSlipCallback . How Many Tribes. 15.6.8.8 Allowing Task and Routing Customization in freeteens com, BPEL Callbacks. How Many In Nigeria. The Allow task and who is in fahrenheit routing customization in BPEL callbacks check box must be selected if you select the check box of the same name on the Human Task - Advanced tab shown in Figure 15-28. How Many. Selecting both check boxes updates the metadata for callbacks. 15.6.9 Exiting the Human Task Editor and Saving Your Changes. You can save your human task changes at any time. The task can be re-edited at a later time by clicking the metadata task configuration .task file in the Application Navigator . Select Save from the freeteens com File main menu or click the how many tribes X sign to freeteens com close the .task metadata task configuration file. In Nigeria. If you click the X sign, select Yes when prompted to save your changes. 15.7 Task 2: Associating the Don’t Ask, Don’t Policy Essay Human Task with a BPEL Process. You must associate the .task file that consists of the human task settings with a BPEL process. When association is complete, a Task Service partner link is created. The Task Service exposes the tribes in nigeria operations required to act on a task. The method by which you created the human task indicates if the task is already associated with a BPEL process. Table 15-11 describes these methods and references sections on how to proceed. Note that regardless of whether you have already associated the human task with a BPEL process, you must still define key human task activity properties, including the task title, task initiator, task priority, and task parameter variables. These tasks are described in Defining the Human Task Activity Title, Initiator, Priority, and Parameter Variables and Defining the Human Task Activity Advanced Features. Table 15-11 Human Task Association with the BPEL Process. Right-clicked the Health Records BPEL process in the Application Navigator . Selected Create Human Task Definition . Dragged and dropped a human task activity into the BPEL process. Selected the second icon ( Create Task Definition ) to the right of the Task Definition field in the General tab of the Human Task window. 15.7.1 Associating a Human Worklist Task with a BPEL Process. Select the in nigeria BPEL process with which to who is the antagonist in fahrenheit associate the .task file of the how many tribes in nigeria human task in the Application Navigator . Select Process Activities from the Component Palette . Drag and drop a new Human Task activity into Ask, Essay your BPEL process. The Add a Human Task window appears. When you first drag and drop this activity into how many in nigeria Oracle JDeveloper, the window is named Add a Human Task . After you finish specifying details on this window and click OK , the name of this window changes to the antagonist simply Human Task . Click the first icon to the right of the Task Definition field. The Choose Task Definition File appears. Select the .task file and click Open . This file is located in the bpel human_task_name directory of your BPEL process. The .task file is added to the Task Definition field. How Many. See the following sections to configure the human task activity: 15.7.2 Opening a Human Task Activity Already Associated with a BPEL Process. Double-click the previously created Human Task activity in your BPEL process. The Human Task window appears. Click the third icon to the right of the Electronic Records Essay example Task Definition field to open the human worklist task you previously created. See the following sections to configure the human task activity: 15.7.3 Defining the Human Task Activity Title, Initiator, Priority, and in nigeria Parameter Variables. Figure 15-27 shows the General tab. Figure 15-27 Human Task #x2014; General Tab. The General tab of the Human Task activity enables you to perform the tasks shown in Table 15-12: Table 15-12 Human Task - General Tab. Freeteens Com. Enter the how many tribes task title in the Task Title field through one of the following methods. This is a mandatory field. Your entry in this field overrides the task title you entered in the Title field of the Human Task editor described in Specifying a Task Title and Priority. The title displays the effect essay task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. Enter the title manually. Click the icon to the right of the field to display the Expression Builder window to dynamically create the title. You can also mix static text and dynamic expressions in the same title. To include dynamic text, place your cursor at the appropriate point in the text and click the tribes icon on the right to invoke the freeteens com Expression Builder window. 15.7.3.2 Specifying the Task Initiator and Task Priority. Enter the initiator (for example, jcooper ) or click the icon to the right of the Initiator field to display the Expression Builder window for dynamically specifying an how many tribes in nigeria, initiator. This field is optional. The initiator is the user who initiates a task. The initiator can view their created tasks from the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application and perform specific tasks defined in the System Action Details window, such as withdrawing or suspending a task. If not specified, the initiator defaults to the task owner specified on the Advanced tab of the Human Task window. The initiator defaults to eysenck bpeladmin if a task owner is also not specified. Select a priority value between 1 (the highest) and tribes 5 from the Priority list. This field is provided for user reference and does not make this task a higher priority during run time. The priority can be used to Don’t Tell Policy sort tasks in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. This priority value overrides the priority value you select in how many in nigeria, the Priority list of the Human Task editor. Specifying a Task Title and Priority for instructions on specifying the priority in freeteens com, the Human Task editor. The task parameter table displays a list of task parameters after you complete the Task Title and Initiator fields. Click the how many tribes flashlight in the BPEL Variable column to map the task parameter to the BPEL variable. You must map only the task parameters that carry input data. Who Is The Antagonist 451. For output data that is filled in from the worklist, you do not need to map the corresponding variables. The Task Parameters window appears. Expand the Variables navigation tree and select the appropriate task variable. The Human Task window appears as follows. If you want to how many tribes define advanced features for the human task activity, click the Advanced tab and go to Electronic Health example section Defining the Human Task Activity Advanced Features. Otherwise, click OK to close the Human Task window. 15.7.4 Defining the Human Task Activity Advanced Features. Figure 15-28 shows the Advanced tab. Figure 15-28 Human Task #x2014; Advanced Tab. The Advanced tab of the Human Task activity enables you to perform the tasks shown in Table 15-13: Table 15-13 Human Task - Advanced Tab. Global Task Variable Name. 15.7.4.1 Specifying a Scope Name and a Global Task Variable Name. You are automatically provided with default scope and global task variable names during human task activity creation. However, you can specify custom names that are used to name the scope and global variable during human task activity creation. Enter the name for the BPEL scope to be generated in the Scope Name field. This BPEL scope encapsulates the how many in nigeria entire interaction with the workflow service and who is 451 BPEL variable manipulation. Enter the global task variable name in the Global Task Variable Name field. This is the name of the in nigeria BPEL task variable used for the workflow interaction. Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell. Enter the task owner name in the Owner field or click the icon to the right to use the Expression Builder to dynamically specify the owner of this task. The task owner can view tasks belonging to business processes they own and perform operations on how many tribes behalf of any of the task assignees. Additionally, the owner can also reassign, withdraw, or escalate tasks. If you do not specify a task initiator on the General tab of the Human Task window, it defaults to the owner specified here. If an owner is not specified, it defaults to the bpeladmin administrator. 15.7.4.3 Specifying an Identification Key. Enter an optional identification key value in the Identification Key field. The identification key can be used as a user-defined ID for the task. For example, if the task is meant for approving a purchase order, the purchase order ID can be set as the identification key of the task. Freeteens Com. Tasks can be searched from the tribes Oracle BPEL Worklist Application using the identification key. This attribute has no default value. 15.7.4.4 Including the Task History of Other Human Tasks. This feature enables one workflow to be continued with another workflow. Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell Policy. Select the Include task history from check box to extend a previous workflow task in the BPEL process. Selecting this check box includes the how many tribes task history, comments, and uses theory attachments from the previous task. This provides you with a complete end-to-end audit trail. How Many In Nigeria. When a workflow task is continued with another workflow, the and gratifications following information is carried over to how many tribes in nigeria the new workflow: Task payload and the changes made to the payload in the previous workflow. Comments added to the task in the previous workflow. Don’t Ask,. Attachments added to the task in the previous workflow. In the Include task history from in nigeria, list, all existing workflows are listed. Selecting a particular workflow permits you to theory extend (continue) the selected workflow. For example, a hiring process is used to hire new employees. Each interviewer votes to hire or not hire a candidate. If 75% of the votes are to hire, then the candidate is hired; otherwise, the candidate is in nigeria, rejected. If the candidate is to who is the antagonist be hired, an entry in the HR database is created and how many the human resources contact completes the Don’t Ask, Don’t Policy hiring process. The HR contact also needs to how many tribes in nigeria see the interviewers and the comments they made about the theory of personality candidate. This process can be modeled using a group vote for the hiring. If the candidate is hired, a database adapter is used to create the tribes in nigeria entry in the HR database. After this, a simple workflow can include the task history from the group vote so that the hiring request, history, and interviewer comments are carried over. This simple workflow is eysenck theory, assigned to the HR contact. 15.7.4.5 Allowing Task and Routing Customizations in BPEL Callbacks. How Many Tribes In Nigeria. Select the Allow task and routing customizations in BPEL callbacks check box to notify the BPEL process using OnMessage callbacks every time a task is routed to a different user or when the who is task status changes. You must also select the check box of the same name in the Advanced Settings section of the how many Human Task editor shown in Figure 15-26 in order to update the metadata for callbacks. The Antagonist In Fahrenheit 451. In these callbacks, you can call the Task Service to change the routing or update the current assignees. In Nigeria. This option impacts the BPEL code generated to interact with the who is in fahrenheit 451 Task Service. If this option is not selected, the how many client process gets notified only when the task completes or when it expires or errors out. Click OK to close the Health Records Essay example Human Task window. Go to how many tribes in nigeria the Human Task editor for this human task (the .task file). Expand the Advanced Settings section at eysenck, the bottom of the editor. Click Allow task and routing customization in BPEL callbacks . This check box must be selected to use callbacks. This enables you to update the metadata. Tribes In Nigeria. 15.7.5 Viewing the Generated Human Task Activity. When you have completed modeling the human task activity, the human task is generated in the designer window. Figure 15-29 shows how a workflow interaction is modeled in Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Figure 15-29 also illustrates the Tell Policy Essay interaction when no BPEL callbacks are modeled. In this case, once a task is complete, the BPEL process is how many tribes, called back with the completed task. No intermediary events are propagated to the BPEL process instance. It is recommended that any user customizations be done in the first assign, AssignTaskAttributes, and eysenck theory of personality that AssignSystemTaskAttributes not be changed. Figure 15-29 Workflow Interaction Modeling. How Many In Nigeria. Figure 15-30 shows a workflow interaction in Oracle JDeveloper. Figure 15-30 Workflow Interaction Modeling in Oracle JDeveloper. If intermediary events need to effect essay be propagated to the BPEL process instance, select the Allow task and routing customization in BPEL callbacks check box in both the Advanced tab of the Human Task window and the Advanced Settings section of the Human Task editor. How Many Tribes In Nigeria. When these options are selected, the workflow service invokes callbacks in the BPEL instance during each update of the task. The callbacks are listed in Don’t, the TaskService.wsdl file and described below: onTaskCompleted #x2014; This callback is invoked when the task is tribes in nigeria, completed, expired, withdrawn, or errored. onTaskAssigned #x2014; This callback is Tell Essay, invoked when the task is tribes in nigeria, assigned to a new set of assignees due to the following actions: Skip current assignment. Override routing slip. onTaskUpdated #x2014; This callback is invoked for any other update to eysenck of personality the task that does not fall in the onTaskComplete or onTaskAssigned callback. This includes updates on tasks due to request for information, submit information, escalation, reassign, and so on. onSubTaskUpdated #x2014; This callback is invoked for any update to a subtask. Figure 15-31 shows how a workflow interaction with callbacks is modeled in Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Once this task is initiated, a while loop is used to receive messages until the task is complete. The while loop contains a pick with four onMessage branches #x2014; one for each of the above-mentioned callback operations. The workflow interaction works fine even if nothing is tribes in nigeria, changed in eysenck, the onMessage branches, meaning that customizations in how many in nigeria, the onMessage branches are not required. In this scenario, a workflow context is captured in the BPEL instance. This context can be used for all interaction with the effect essay workflow services. For example, if you want to reassign a task if it is assigned to how many tribes in nigeria a group, then you need the workflow context for the reassignTask operation on the Task Service. It is recommended that any user customizations be done in the first assign, AssignTaskAttributes, and that AssignSystemTaskAttributes not be changed. Figure 15-31 Workflow Interaction Modeling (with Callbacks) Figure 15-32 shows a workflow interaction in Oracle JDeveloper. Figure 15-32 Workflow Interaction Modeling (with Callbacks) in Oracle JDeveloper. 15.7.5.2 Including the Task History from Other Workflows. When the task history is included in a workflow, the generated BPEL process described in the previous two sections is similar, with the following differences: The BPEL variable from the workflow whose task history is to be included is reused and no new BPEL variable is created. The first invoke activity invokes the reinitiate operation instead of the initiate operation. In many cases, the Records outcome of a task determines the flow of the business process. To facilitate modeling of the business logic, when a user task is generated, a BPEL switch activity is tribes in nigeria, also generated with prebuilt BPEL case activities. By default, one case branch is created for theory each outcome selected during creation of the task. An otherwise branch is also generated in the switch to represent cases when the task is withdrawn, expired, or errored. The task carries a payload in it. If the payload is set from a business process variable, then an assign activity with the name copyPayloadFromTask is created in in nigeria, each of the case and otherwise branches to copy the payload from the task back to freeteens com its source. If the payload is expressed as other XPath expressions (such as ora:getNodes(. ) ), then this assign is not created because of the how many in nigeria lack of a process variable to copy the payload back. If the payload does not need to uses theory definition be modified, then this assign can be removed. 15.7.6.2 Case Statements for Other Task Conclusions. By default, the switch activity contains case statements for how many in nigeria the outcomes only. Electronic Essay. The other task conclusions are captured in the otherwise branch. These conclusions are as follows: The task is withdrawn. Tribes In Nigeria. The task is errored. Don’t Don’t Tell. The task is expired. Tribes In Nigeria. If business logic must be added for each of of personality these other conclusions, then case statements can be added for each of the preceding conditions. The case statements can be created as shown in the following BPEL segment. The XPath conditions for the other conclusions in the case activities for each of the tribes in nigeria preceding cases are shown in bold. Freeteens Com. 15.8 Task 3: Generating the Task Display Form. The task display form defines the display mechanism for the task payload in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. This section describes the different types of task display forms you can use. This section contains the following topics: 15.8.1 Overview of Task Display Forms. The task display form for the human task can be automatically generated and then customized or developed completely from the beginning using the workflow APIs. In the automatically generated case, a set of seeded templates and regions are used for the task forms. There are two methods for generating forms associated with the task definition: Automatically generate a simple task form #x2014; JSP-based forms that use the standard header, body, and footer template. Custom task form #x2014; enables you to select one of the existing templates and regions to how many in nigeria create a task form. You can also specify which task parameters to display in the form. When task display forms are generated, a .tform file is created, which includes a template URI and region information. The .tform file is included in the process deployment archive and is deployed during process deployment. 15.8.2 Selecting a Task Display Form. Follow these instructions to generate a task display form for the human task. Go to the Application Navigator in Oracle JDeveloper. Right-click the folder of the human task for which to freeteens com create a task display form (for this example, ExpenseApproval of the ExpenseRequest BPEL process in selected). The following menu of selections appears. See the following sections for details about generating the different types of task forms: 15.8.2.1 Preview Release of Task Display Form Support for ADF Data Controls. A preview release of task display form support for in nigeria application development framework (ADF) data controls is provided. Very minimal support is provided with this preview release. Note the following limitations: There is no support for complex XSDs with recursive elements. Freeteens Com. Task forms generated with ADF data controls cannot be edited. Follow these procedures to use this preview release: Open an operating system command prompt. Open Oracle JDeveloper in preview mode: Note that Auto Generate Task Form With ADF Datacontrols now appears as a menu option when you right-click the tribes folder of the human task, as shown in Step 2 of Selecting a Task Display Form. Open the SOA_Oracle_Home j2ee OC4J_Home configserver.xml file. where OC4J_Home is the name of the OC4J container for your install type: home #x2014; for the Oracle Application Server SOA Basic install type. OC4J_SOA #x2014; if you accepted the default value for the Oracle Application Server SOA Advanced install types. Eysenck Theory Of Personality. Add the tribes in nigeria following line under the shared-library name=oracle.bpel.common version=10.1.3 section: Restart Oracle Application Server SOA Suite for the changes to take effect. 15.8.3 Automatically Generating a Simple Task Display Form. This option enables you to automatically generate a task form based on the default task parameters and three regions. Select Auto Generate Simple Task Form from the list shown in Step 2. The default layout is based on uses the following three region template: Header region #x2014; this region has standard task attributes such as title, priority, created date, assignee, and expiration date. This information is contained in the Header1.jsp file. Body region #x2014; this region is generated based on the task parameters. Depending on the XSD used in the task, it is how many in nigeria, either generated as a list of Don’t Ask, Policy Essay values or as a table (for repeating items). If you specified the parameter to how many tribes in nigeria be modifiable through the worklist on Health Records example the Add Task Parameter window in Step 2, it displays as an editable field in the form. Tribes In Nigeria. Otherwise, the field displays as read-only. The information for this region is contained in the payload-body.jsp file and the payload-body.xml mapping file. After generation, if you want to change any read-only parameters, you can modify the payload-body.xml file. Theory Of Personality. Footer region #x2014; this region has an area for comments, attachments, and a short history of the task routing. How Many Tribes In Nigeria. This information is contained in the Footer1.jsp file. A .tform file is generated. The contents of this file are as follows: 15.8.3.1 Payload File for the Autogenerated JSP. Effect Essay. Two files are automatically generated to display the payload for the autogenerated JSP: A default JSP file named payload-body.jsp . This file is added to how many in nigeria the HTML root directory of your project, which is by default the theory public_html directory. A mapping XML file named payload-body.xml . This file is added to the same directory of your project as payload-body.jsp. If you select Custom Task Form in Step 2, you can specify a unique file name for the autogenerated JSP. The mapping XML file is created based on in nigeria the JSP file name. You can also select the payload elements to include in the autogenerated JSP. For example, if the JSP file is named autogenerate-body.jsp , then the mapping XML file is named autogenerate-body.xml . The JSP run-time library and the BPMWorkflow library are automatically added to your BPEL project for compilation of the JSP file. The default JSP is freeteens com, designed with two goals in how many tribes in nigeria, mind: To present you with a simple form; that is, an and gratifications theory definition, XSD tree with a depth of more than three must be shown in a more readable way in the JSP. The default JSP must require minimum modification. If modification is unavoidable, it can be easily performed with a user interface tool. How Many Tribes. To attain these goals, instead of presenting a tree structure that mimics the payload XSD structure, the default JSP groups the entire payload structure in uses theory definition, sections. It groups simple types that belong to how many in nigeria the same parents and makes them sections. For example, assume you provide the following payload XSD: This XSD has the structure shown in Figure 15-33. Figure 15-33 Structure of the XSD for myCompanyType. In the default JSP, based on the structure of the leaf nodes, there are three sections: , , and . These three sections are named according to their parents' names; that is, the sections are named board , my Company , and department , respectively. In the board section, there are two fields, size and Health Records head . Each of these fields are in an editable HTML input type.The section department is tribes, different from other sections and can have multiple occurrences ( maxOccurs 1 ). In this case, all the fields in who is the antagonist 451, this section (that is, size , head , and function ) are horizontally presented in a table, with each row representing one department . This is called a table section. There is a plus ( + ) button for adding a row (department) and a minus ( - ) button for subtracting a row (department) for the department table section.Unlike a regular section, it is not necessarily true that all the how many tribes in nigeria fields belong to the same XSD parent in a table section. For example, suppose the head element has two elements: employeeNumber and dateOfBirth . Since these two elements have maxOccurs set to less than or equal to 1 , they are shown in the same department table section. This is a desired behavior, because adding a row in the department table not only adds a size and a function field, but also adds the and gratifications theory head information fields in the same department row. This makes it easy to move through complicated payload instances. Nested multiple ( maxOccurs 1 ) elements are supported. Assume the department element has a groupMember child element whose maxOccurs is unbounded. In that case, the parent element department is presented in a table section while the child groupMember elements are presented in different child table sections. The parent department table section has a column called group member that contains an HTML href link pointing to its corresponding child group member section in each department row. Pressing the + button in the parent department section not only adds a row in the parent table, but also adds a child section for that corresponding new row. The default JSP in the current release has the following limitations: XSDs that contain recursive elements are not supported. The default JSP shows all the simple types defined in the payload XSD. Tribes In Nigeria. If multiple simple types belong to theory definition the same XSD choice block, all these simple types are shown in the default JSP. Although simple types are preserved in the JSP, XSD restrictions are not relevant. Tribes In Nigeria. Only payloads copied from variables that are not simple types are supported. For example, if the query is bpws:getVariableData(var) or bpws:getVariableData(var, part) and the variable is freeteens com, a simple type, then JSP generation fails. Note that bpws:getVariableData(var, part, query) and tribes bpws:getVariableData(var, query) work even if the eysenck theory of personality queried data is a simple type. You only how many in nigeria need to make sure the effect essay variable itself is not a simple type. XSI extensions are not supported. No special handling of XSD order indicators occurs (that is, choice , all , and sequence ). For example, the default JSP does not check if you entered both firstname and how many in nigeria lastname : 15.8.3.1.1 Customizing the Autogenerated JSP. The autogenerated default JSP is generic, and who is the antagonist 451 so may require changes to improve its look and feel. How Many Tribes In Nigeria. The JSP works in conjunction with the mapping file to effect essay determine which elements in the payload are displayed in the form. 15.8.3.1.2 Customizing the Mapping File. The mapping file gives you control of the presentation. The mapping file is an XML file that contains a list of viewable fields. How Many In Nigeria. The root element in the mapping file contains its targetNameSpace , other namespaces, and xmlEditable as its attributes. All the elements that are simple types are listed as fields in the mapping file. Along with these elements, their immediate parents are listed as well for multilanguage support. Each field has three properties defined in the mapping file. They are xpath , editable , and resource_key . The xpath property defines the XPath of this field. It is always prefixed by /ns0:task/ns0:payload . This is the XPath to the root of the payload object. When maxOccurs is greater than 1 , it is denoted by
  • . For example, /ns0:task/ns0:payload/company[*]/ceo shows that maxOccurs is greater than 1 for theory the company field. Do not modify this XPath field because it is also a unique key that determines the tribes in nigeria identity of the field.
  • The editable property defines if this field is editable. It defaults to true . If the value of this field is changed to Electronic Health Records false , the default JSP shows a disabled text field that disallows value changes. The resource_key property is for multilanguage support. Tribes In Nigeria. To ensure that your autogenerated JSP shows a preferred language other than English, you must supply a resource bundle. Follow these steps to add a resource bundle: Create a bundle file (for example, MyBundle ). This file points to Don’t Don’t Tell Policy Essay a properties file that resides at the root of the how many tribes in nigeria project. The following code shows an example of MyBundle_en-US.properties : In this case, if a field is defined in your mapping file as follows. in the default JSP returns the string i18n Task if your locale is set to en-US . Similarly, if your locale is set to French, the proper properties file ( MyBundle_fr.properties ) is picked up. Specify the resource bundle name and effect essay location in the Resource Details window of the Human Task editor, as shown in Specifying Multilingual Settings. 15.8.3.1.3 Customizing the Default JSP. If the how many in nigeria mapping file does not provide enough control, you can modify the default JSP file. Only modify the eysenck section after the label: Most JSP modifications can be made in the JSP design view of Oracle JDeveloper. By default, all the fields are set to text field. If you want to change a text field to a text area, you can do the following. Select Text Area in the Component Palette , as shown in Figure 15-34. Figure 15-34 Oracle JDeveloper JSP Design View. Drop it into the position of the text field you want to replace. Note that the name of the text field is set by calling the function oracle.bpel.services.workflow.worklist.payload.PayloadFormGenerator.constructName(String xpath) , and the value of the field is set by PayloadFormGenerator.selectNodeValue(Element payload, String xpath, Map namespace) . How Many Tribes In Nigeria. These functions must be used to construct form field names and to retrieve form field values. Set the text area's name and value to freeteens com the same name and value as the text field. Delete the text field. In the place you want to insert text or other HTML elements that are not in a table, add text by in nigeria typing it or add an HTML element by dragging and dropping the HTML component from the effect essay Component Pallet . If the place you want to insert HTML elements is in an HTML table, to insert text or a horizontal rule, first add a table row by clicking a row, right-clicking, and selecting Insert Row . After a row is how many, inserted, you may need to merge all the cells in the row by selecting all the cells in the row and right-clicking to select Merge Cells . Then you can either type your text or drag and drop your HTML component. If you want to change the layout of the table or form, highlight the section you want to modify, right-click, and select table or form. Theory Definition. If you want to format the text, use the toolbar's color and tribes in nigeria style buttons. It is recommended that you modify the default JSP's look and theory definition feel only. You should preserve the functions being used in the JSP. You must not alter the hidden parameters being submitted in the HTML form, because the Update button invokes form submission to the WFTaskUpdate that expects certain values. If your change is how many in nigeria, complicated and has programming logic in it, you must switch to the source view and eysenck of personality modify the how many tribes JSP code directly. By putting the statement %@ page pageEncoding=UTF-8 % in the default JSP, UTF-8 is set as the default encoding. The HelpDeskServiceRequest demo in SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsamplesdemos for an example of an autogenerated JSP and how to Policy change the payload presentation. 15.8.3.1.4 Displaying a Check Box on the Worklist Payload JSP. Follow these instructions if you want to customize the JSP page to display a selectable check box instead of a text box. How Many. Note that the input for the status is generated as follows. Substitute the Health Records Essay example entire code block shown in Step 1 with the in nigeria following code block: Add the following JavaScript . Freeteens Com. This is required because the value for the check box field in JavaScript is always the value defined in the input element. How Many Tribes In Nigeria. 15.8.4 Generating a Custom Task Display Form. For this release, task display forms are generated by using templates consisting of different regions. Oracle JDeveloper automatically includes three templates and effect essay two default JSPs: The three templates are as follows: Three Region JSP #x2014; Consists of the how many tribes in nigeria header, body and footer regions. These regions can be displayed by using custom JSP, XSL, default JSP, or autogenerated JSP files. The automatically generated JSP displays the body region. Two Region JSP #x2014; Consists of the freeteens com header and footer regions. One Region JSP #x2014; Consists of the body region. The two default JSPs are as follows: The header JSP displays task attributes such as task number, priority, title, and so on. The footer JSP displays task attributes such as attachment, comments, and so on. The custom task display form enables you to select the template and in nigeria rendering type for displaying task details. Select Custom Task Form from the list shown in Step 2. The Task Form Display window appears. Select a template from the Current Template list. Three are three seeded regions (three region JSP, two region JSP, and one region JSP). After selecting a region, you can specify how to render it. Effect Essay. See the following sections for details about generating the tribes different types of custom task display forms: This option enables you to automatically generate a form for the payload of the task. You can also optionally specify which particular task parameters you want to include in the displayed form. Select Auto JSP from the Body list in eysenck theory, the Rendering section. An icon displays to how many in nigeria the right of Body.jsp in the Source section. The Payload Mapping window appears. This window enables you to select message attributes. Select message attributes to include in the autogenerated JSP. Click OK to return to freeteens com the Task Form Display window. This option enables you to invoke an external custom JSP to display the task details. You can also specify URL parameters to pass to this JSP at run time. Tribes. Three parameters are passed in by default #x2014; taskID , version , and workflowContext . Effect Essay. Additional parameters must be explicitly specified. Select Custom JSP from the tribes Header list in the Rendering section. A second icon displays to the right of the Source section for editing custom JSP parameters. Enter the uses theory definition custom JSP file name in the Source field or click the how many tribes in nigeria first icon to select the JSP file to use. This JSP is used in the project and deployed with the other JSP files. Click the the antagonist in fahrenheit second icon to specify run time JSP parameters. The Payload Mapping window appears. This window enables you to add input JSP parameters. In Nigeria. Add a parameter by clicking the + sign. Add a name in Don’t Don’t Tell Policy Essay, the Name column. Click the how many tribes in nigeria icon to the right of the row to display the Expression Builder window to Don’t Policy Essay dynamically enter a value for the XPath column. How Many Tribes In Nigeria. For this example, the custom JSP is using a parameter named PRIORITY to receive the Electronic Records task ID from the request. Therefore, PRIORITY is specified as the name and /tns:task/tns:systemAttributes/tns:PRIORITY is specified as the XPath expression. Creating Custom JSP Forms for details about explicitly passing parameters. This option provides the how many tribes in nigeria default Header1.jsp and Footer1.jsp files to display the header and footer regions, respectively. This option enables you to specify an XSL to convert the task XML document into an HTML document for Don’t Don’t Tell the form. Note that this is useful only to create read-only forms. Enter the HTTP location in the Source field or click the first icon to select the input XSL file to use. 15.8.5 Deploying Task Display Forms. Workflow task display forms are deployed by using the deployTaskForm ant target. This target is executed when you deploy the BPEL process from Oracle JDeveloper or from the command prompt. Tribes. This target generates an EAR file that includes all generated default or custom JSPs. This generated EAR file is deployed as a child of the Oracle BPEL Process Manager application. The following directory structure is generated. Effect Essay. The following subdirectories and files are created: A J2EE enterprise archive directory named ear is created. EAR deployment descriptors are generated and stored in the META-INF subdirectory. A Web archive (WAR) directory named war is created. This directory contains the following files and subdirectories: Style sheets and Java server page files for the header ( Header1.jsp ), footer ( Footer1.jsp ), and body ( payload-body.jsp and payload-body.xml ) are generated and stored in how many, the war directory. Effect Essay. Web service deployment descriptors are generated in the subdirectory WEB-INF . You can delete all form-related files by right-clicking the human task folder in the Application Navigator and selecting Delete Task Form files . As described earlier, you can register a custom JSP for in nigeria rendering the task details in the worklist. The BPEL worklist invokes any custom JSP that has been registered. Follow these instructions to create a custom JSP form. Get the task ID, version, and context ID from the Don’t request. Tribes. Get the workflow context object based on the context ID. Get the in fahrenheit 451 task object based on the task ID and version. Use the task query service API getTaskDetailsById if the version is null or empty. Otherwise, use the getTaskVersionDetails API. Use the task object methods to how many tribes get the values you want to display in Electronic example, the JSP. In the case of update support, generate the hidden HTML type for the following parameters, so that the update servlet can read these parameter values: You can get the values for these parameters in the custom JSP servlet request object. Run time invokes the custom JSP by how many tribes in nigeria passing these parameters. The following custom JSP code shows how to use these steps to write a custom JSP that uses the local query service and effect essay verification APIs. For this reason, deploy this JSP as a child of the hw_services application. If you do not want to deploy to the same application server, replace local APIs with remote APIs. 15.8.6.1 Adding Update Support in the Custom JSP. How Many. To add update support in the custom JSP, you can write the servlet that uses the remote task service APIs to and gratifications update the custom JSP task values: Get the task object by using the same steps as used in the custom JSP. Query the task object and set the values based on the custom JSP form. For example, if the custom JSP form allows a user to update the priority attribute, then get the priority JSP form value and call task.setPriority( newvalue ); . Use the how many tribes remote task service API to update the task. Get the value from servlet parameter WORKLIST_NEXT_PAGE_PARAMETER_NAME , which the custom JSP page includes as a hidden parameter. Redirect the page to the URL. 15.9 How Changes to a Workflow Appear in theory, Worklist Application. Changes made in Oracle BPEL Control to a BPEL process that includes a human task impact how tasks display in Oracle BPEL Worklist Application: If you abort an how many in nigeria, active BPEL process instance on eysenck the Instances tab, associated tasks are marked as Stale in how many tribes in nigeria, the Status column of the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application home page. If you delete a BPEL process instance on the Instances tab, all associated tasks are deleted. If you undeploy a BPEL process on the BPEL Process tab, associated tasks are marked as Stale in the Status column of the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application home page. 15.10 Notifications from Workflow Services. Notifications are sent to alert users of changes to Electronic Health Essay example the state of a task. How Many In Nigeria. Notifications can be sent through any of the following channels: e-mail, telephone voice message, fax, pager, or SMS. This section contains the following topics: 15.10.1 Configuring the Notification Channel. After configuring the notification service for e-mail and freeteens com other channels in Oracle JDeveloper, set the how many NotificationMode parameter for the notification service to either ALL or EMAIL in the SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfigns_emails.xml file. By default, this value is set to NONE , meaning that no notifications are sent. The possible values for the NotificationMode attribute are: ALL #x2013; the e-mail, SMS, voice, fax, and pager channels are configured and notification is effect essay, sent through any channel. EMAIL #x2013; Only the e-mail channel is configured for sending notification messages. NONE #x2013; No channel is configured for sending notification messages. This is the default setting. The notifications for a task can be configured during the creation of a task in the Human Task editor. Notifications can be sent to different types of participants for different actions. The actions for which a task notification can be sent are as follows: Assigned #x2014; when the task is assigned to users or a group. This action captures the tribes following task actions #x2014; acquire, adhoc route, delegate, escalate, information for a task is submitted, push back, reassign, release, and resume. Task is completed. Task is errored. Task is definition, expired. Information is requested for a task. Task outcome is updated. Tribes. Task is Electronic, suspended. Task is withdrawn. Notifications can be sent to users involved in the task in various capacities. This includes: Assignees #x2013; the users or groups to tribes in nigeria whom the task is currently assigned. Initiator - the user who created the task. Creator #x2013; the user who created the task. Approvers #x2013; the eysenck theory users who have approved the task so far. This applies to a sequential list of approvers participant type where multiple users have approved the task and a notification must be sent to all. Owner #x2013; the owner of the in nigeria task. When the task is uses and gratifications, assigned to a group, each user in the group is sent a notification if no notification endpoint is tribes, available for the group. Service Configuration chapter of the Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for details about editing the Records ns_emails.xml file and (for the JAZN XML provider) users-properties.xml file. Each e-mail notification can contain the how many tribes in nigeria following parts: The notification message. The HTML content from the worklist application #x2014; This is a read-only view of the worklist application on the task. Task attachments #x2014; If the notification includes task attachments. Notifications through SMS, voice, fax, and pager contain only the notification message. The notification message is an XPath expression that can contain static text and dynamic values. In creating the messages, only the task BPEL variable is freeteens com, available for dynamic values. This restriction is because the messages are evaluated outside the context of the in nigeria BPEL process. The payload in the task variable is also strongly typed to contain the type of the payload for XPath tree browsing. The XPath extension function hwf:getNotificationProperty(propertyName) is available to get properties for a particular notification. The function evaluates to corresponding values for each notification. The propertyName can one of the who is the antagonist in fahrenheit 451 following values: recipient #x2014; The recipient of the notification. recipientDisplay #x2014; The display name of the recipient. taskAssignees #x2014; The task assignees. taskAssigneesDisplay #x2014; The display names of the task assignees. locale #x2014; The locale of the recipient. taskId #x2014; The ID of the task for which the how many notification is Electronic Health example, meant. taskNumber #x2014; The number of the task for which the notification is how many, meant. appLink #x2014; The HTML link to the worklist application task details page. The following example demonstrates the use of hwf:getNotificationProperty and hwf:getTaskResourceBundle together: This results in Electronic Health example, a message similar to the following: 15.10.3 Configuring Messages in how many, Different Languages. It is possible to get internationalized messages in the notification content using one of the following methods. If you want to use values from the resource bundle specified during the task definition, use the XPath extension function hwf:getTaskResourceBundleString(taskId, key, locale?) . This function returns the internationalized string from the resource bundle specified in the task definition. Essay. The locale of the notification recipient can be retrieved with the function hwf:getNotificationProperty('locale') . The task ID corresponding to a notification can be retrieved with the function hwf:getNotificationProperty('taskId') . If a different resource bundle is used, the XPath extension function orcl:get-localized-string() can be used to retrieve localized messages. Task actions can be performed through e-mail if the task is set up to enable actionable e-mail (the same actions can also be performed from the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application). An actionable e-mail account is the account in which task action-related e-mails are received and processed. This e-mail account name is identified by in nigeria the element actionableEmailAccountName in the configuration file SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfigwf_config.xml . Ensure that you select Make e-mail messages actionable in the Notification Settings section of the Human Task editor to make e-mail notifications actionable. Electronic Records Example. (See Figure 15-25.) This enables you to perform task actions through e-mail. How Many Tribes. If a notification is actionable, the e-mail contains links for Don’t Tell each of the in nigeria custom outcomes. Clicking on effect essay the links invokes the compose window of the e-mail client. Tribes. You do not have to change anything in the subject or the body in this e-mail. If you change the content with the NID substrings, the e-mail is not processed. Figure 15-35 shows an actionable e-mail sample: Figure 15-35 Actionable E-mails. 15.10.5 Sending Inbound and Outbound Attachments. If the effect essay include attachments flag is checked; only e-mail is sent. How Many Tribes. The e-mails include all the task attachments as e-mail attachments. Select Send task attachments with e-mail notifications in the Notification Settings section of the Human Task editor. (See Figure 15-25.) In the actionable e-mail reply, the user can add attachments in Tell, the e-mail and tribes in nigeria these attachments are added as task attachments. Uses And Gratifications Theory Definition. In the actionable e-mail reply, the user can add comments in the e-mail between Comments[[' and ']] and those contents are added as task comments. For example, Comments[[looks good]]. In previous releases, the workflow outbound notification was not reliable. This meant that notifications were sent by using threads and how many in nigeria the list of Ask, Don’t Policy Essay notifications to send was stored in memory. If Oracle BPEL Server went down, workflow lost any notification messages that had not yet been sent. With release 10.1.3, the workflow outbound notification service uses queues with the persistency service to send notifications to users. Whenever a workflow needs to send a notification to a user, it stores the task information such as notification ID, task ID, version, and so on in the dehydration store and enqueues the notification ID to the queue. A message-driven bean (MDB) listening on this queue dequeues the message and creates the notification message to how many send to freeteens com the user. It then uses the notification service to send this message, which uses the queue with the how many tribes in nigeria dehydration store. 15.10.8 Sending Secure Notifications. If a notification is marked as secure in the Notification Settings section of the Human Task editor, a default notification message is used. (See Figure 15-25.) The default notification message includes a link to the task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. You must log in to see task details. 15.10.9 Channels Used for uses definition Notifications. The channel through which a user is notified is determined by tribes the notification preference attribute of the user specified in JAZN. The notification preference is identified by the attribute orclWorkflowNotificationPreference . In a JAZN file-based system, the of personality value for this attribute can be changed in the users-properties.xml file located at how many tribes in nigeria, SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfig . In an Oracle Internet Directory-based system, the user properties can be changed using the Oracle Delegated Administration Service. Effect Essay. If this attribute is not set, the e-mail channel is used as the default. Tasks can be configured to send reminders, which can be based on the time the task was assigned to a user or the expiration time of a task. The number of tribes reminders and the interval between the reminders can also be configured. The message used for reminders is the effect essay message that is meant for how many ASSIGNEES when the task is marked as ASSIGNED . You set reminders in the Notification Settings section of the Human Task editor. (See Figure 15-25.) Reminder configuration involves these parameters. Recurrence #x2014; The recurrence specifies the number of times reminders are sent. The possible values for recurrence are EVERY , NEVER , 0 , 1 , 2 #x2026;, 10 . RelativeDate #x2014; The relativeDate specifies if the reminder duration is computed relative to the assigned date or to the expiration date of the task. The possible values for the relativeDate are ASSIGNED and Electronic example EXPIRATION . Duration #x2014; The duration from the relativeDate and in nigeria the first reminder and each reminder since then. The data type of duration is xsd:duration , whose format is defined by ISO 8601 under the of personality form PnYnMnDTnHnMnS . The capital letters are delimiters and can be omitted when the tribes in nigeria corresponding member is not used. Examples include PT1004199059S , PT130S , PT2M10S , P1DT2S , -P1Y, or P1Y2M3DT5H20M30.123S . The following examples illustrate when reminders are sent. The relativeDate is ASSIGNED , the recurrence is EVERY , and the reminder duration is PT1D . If the task is assigned at 3/24/2005 10:00 AM , then reminders are sent at 3/25/2005 10:00 AM , 3/26/2005 10:00 AM , 3/27/2005 10:00 AM , and so on until the effect essay user acts on the task. If the relativeDate is EXPIRATION , the recurrence is 2 , the reminder duration is PT1D, and tribes the task expires at 3/26/2005 10:00 AM , then reminders are sent at effect essay, 3/24/2005 10:00 AM and how many tribes 3/25/2005 10:00 AM if the task was assigned before 3 /24/2005 10:00 AM . If the Electronic Records relativeDate is EXPIRATION , the how many in nigeria recurrence is 2 , the reminder duration is PT1D , the task expires at eysenck theory, 3/26/2005 10:00 AM , and the task was assigned at 3/24/2005 3:00 PM , then only one reminder is sent at 3/25/2005 10:00 AM . Table 15-14 shows the end-to-end workflow examples included with Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Follow the documentation included in how many, the same directories with these samples. Who Is. In addition to the demonstration features listed in tribes in nigeria, Table 15-14, all samples show the in fahrenheit 451 use of worklist applications and workflow notifications. Table 15-14 End-to-End Examples. Integration with a business rule engine. Adding attachments to tasks. Use of how many tribes in nigeria decision service to determine the levels of approvals required for a particular expense request. Microsoft Office integration. Custom worklist user interface. Promotion of effect essay task payload message attributes. Group assignment (in StarLoan process) Custom worklist user interface (in LoanFlowPlusUI and StarLoanUI) FYI tasks (in LoanFlowPlus process) This example describes how to create a vacation request business process. In this business process, the manager of a user requesting a vacation approves or rejects the request. Tribes. The approval or rejection is a one-step process. This example highlights the use of the following: Modeling a single approval workflow using Oracle JDeveloper. Ask, Don’t Tell Essay. Using the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application to view and respond to tasks. This example assumes the following: You are familiar with basic BPEL constructs, including BPEL activities and partner links, and basic XPath functions. Familiarity with Oracle JDeveloper#x2014;the environment for how many in nigeria creating and deploying BPEL processes#x2014;is also assumed. You must configure the e-mail server settings for the account Default to enable e-mail notifications. The Default account is used to send e-mails. The e-mail server configuration is in. Tell Policy Essay. The following code example from the file shows the parameters that may require configuration in bold. You must set the tribes in nigeria NotificationMode parameter to one of the following values in the ns_emails.xml file: ALL #x2013; If you have the e-mail, SMS, voice, fax, and pager channels set up. EMAIL #x2013; If you have only the e-mail channel set up. You must change the e-mail address for who is the antagonist in fahrenheit the user jstein to an accessible e-mail address. If the XML-based JAZN provider is used, these properties can be changed in: The following XML segment from the users-properties.xml file shows where the e-mail is configured: You must restart Oracle BPEL Process Manager after making any of the in nigeria preceding changes. 15.11.3 Modeling the who is 451 Vacation Request Process. In this phase of the tutorial, you create a new project, OrderApproval, and define the human workflow process, a single approver workflow in which the order is approved or rejected. The order is first assigned to the Supervisor role. After a user with the Supervisor role approves the order, it is sent to the user's manager for final approval. This section contains these tasks: 15.11.3.1 Creating the Vacation Request Process and Importing the tribes in nigeria Schema. Right-click your application in the Application Navigator and select New Project . Select BPEL Process Project . Create an asynchronous BPEL process with the name VacationRequest . Click the flashlight next to Input Schema Element to browse for VacationRequest.xsd in. Freeteens Com. The Type Chooser window appears. Expand and select Imported Schemas VacationRequest.xsd VacationRequestProcessRequest . How Many. Click the flashlight next to Output Schema Element . Expand and select Imported Schemas VacationRequest.xsd VacationRequestProcessResponse . The schemas are now imported into the project. VacationRequest.xsd appears under VacationRequest Integration Content Schemas in the Application Navigator , and under Schemas in the Structure section. The BPEL process#x2014;a Receive activity ( receiveInput ) and an Invoke activity ( callbackClient )#x2014;is displayed. Select Save from the File main menu. 15.11.3.2 Adding a Human Task to the Order Approval Process. When you define the human task, the VacationApproval.task file#x2014;the task configuration metadata file#x2014;is created. Drag and drop a Human Task activity between receiveInput and callbackClient . Click the Create Task Definition icon (second icon). Enter VacationApproval for the human task name and effect essay click OK . (Accept the default location.) The VacationApproval.task file is created. The Human Task editor is how many tribes in nigeria, displayed. For Title , enter Vacation Approval . Accept the default values for Priority and Outcomes . For Parameters , click the + icon on the right side of the window. The Add Task Parameter window is displayed. Click Element and then the Ask, Policy Essay flashlight icon. In the Type Chooser window, expand and select Project Schema Files VacationRequest.xsd VacationRequestProcessRequest , and click OK . In the Add Task Parameter window, click Modifiable via worklist and click OK . This ensures that you can modify task data using the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. In the Assignment and Routing Policy section, click the + icon on the right side of the window. The Add Participant Type window is displayed. For Type , select Single Approver . This participant type acts alone on the task. For Label , enter Vacation Approver . Click By expression . In this example, you assign the task to the manager of the how many tribes in nigeria vacation requester. Click the icon to the right of the Dynamic User Xpath field to display the Expression Builder window. Select Identity Service Functions from the list in Electronic Health Records Essay example, the Functions section. Go to the Schema section on the left side of the how many Expression Builder window. Expand task:task task:payload ns0:VacationRequestProcessRequest ns0:creator . Of Personality. Click Insert Into Expression . The Expression Builder window appears as follows: Click OK to return to the Add Participant Type window. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. Click the + sign to expand the Expiration and Escalation Policy section. Select Expire after from the drop-down list. Click Fixed Duration and select 1 from the how many Day list. Select Save from the File main menu. Click the X next to VacationApproval.task to close the Human Task editor. 15.11.3.3 Assigning Input and Output Parameters for the Human Task. Map the fields to the variables in the BPEL process. Double-click the VacationApproval_1 human task service in the BPEL process. Definition. This displays the Human Task window. In the Task Title field, enter the word for after the words Vacation Approval . Click the icon at the right to display the Expression Builder window. Tribes. In the BPEL Variables section, expand and select inputVariable payload client:VacationRequestProcessRequest client:creator . Click Insert Into Expression . The XPath expression appears in the Expression section. The XPath expression is effect essay, appended to the task title. Click the how many tribes icon to the right of the Initiator field to display the Expression Builder window. Repeat Steps 4 through 6 to insert the freeteens com same XPath expression in the Initiator field. Click the flashlight icon under the how many in nigeria BPEL Variable column. The Task Parameters window appears. In the Task Parameters window, expand and effect essay select Variables inputVariable payload client:VacationRequestProcessRequest . In the in nigeria Human Task window, click OK . Select Save from the File main menu. 15.11.3.4 Creating a Task Form for the Worklist. An autogenerated task form, payload-body.jsp , is created. In the Don’t Ask, Don’t Essay Application Navigator , right-click the VacationApproval folder and select Auto Generate Simple Task Form . This automatically generates a task form file. In Nigeria. Close payload-body.jsp by clicking the X sign at Ask, Don’t Tell Essay, the top. The Switch activity reflects the possible outcomes, or cases, specified previously, Approve and Reject. It also has an Otherwise case to represent other outcomes, such as errored, stale, or expired. Inside each of the cases, you can add activities to complete modeling of the tribes business process. The copyPayloadFromTask Assign activities copy the theory definition payload back to its source. Expand the taskSwitch Switch activity. Drag and drop an how many, Assign activity to below the copyPayloadFromTask Assign activity in the case Task outcome is APPROVE section of the Switch activity. Double-click the Assign icon to display the Assign window. Click the General tab. Enter assignVacationApproval1 in the Name field. Click the Copy Operation tab. Click Create and freeteens com select Copy Operation . Enter the following details: Note: The namespace number values (for example, client , ns1 ) can vary. Use the namespace values that automatically appear. Click OK to close the Create Copy Operation window and the Assign window. Repeat Steps 3 through 11 to create an Assign activity below the copyPayloadFromTask Assign activity in the case Task outcome is REJECT section. Enter the tribes in nigeria same details as described above, with the following exceptions: Name it assignVacationApproval2. Set the theory of personality Expression field to tribes in nigeria string('Rejected') Repeat Steps 3 through 11 to create an Assign Activity below the copyPayloadFromTask Assign activity in the otherwise section. Enter the freeteens com same details as described above, with the following exceptions: Name it assignVacationApproval3. Set the Expression field to string('Rejected') The process looks as follows: Select Save from the File main menu. Click the - sign to close the taskSwitch Switch activity. 15.11.3.6 Validating, Compiling, and in nigeria Deploying the Order Approval Process. Go to the Application Navigator section. Select Deploy my_integration_server_connection Deploy to default domain . This compiles the BPEL process. Check for errors by clicking the Electronic Records example buttons at the bottom of the window. If there are no errors, deployment was successful. 15.11.3.7 Running the Order Approval Process. Log into Oracle BPEL Control by tribes selecting Start All Programs Oracle - Oracle_Home Oracle BPEL Process Manager BPEL Control . The Dashboard tab of theory definition Oracle BPEL Control appears. Enter the following details to log into Oracle BPEL Control and click Login : Click VacationApproval in the Deployed BPEL Processes list. Enter jcooper for the creator of the vacation. In Nigeria. Enter appropriate values for the remaining fields. Click Post XML Message . The BPEL Processes tab displays a message similar to the following: Click the Instances tab at the top. Click the OrderApproval instance. A message appears indicating that the instance is theory, active. Select Start All Programs Oracle - Oracle_Home Oracle BPEL Process Manager Sample Worklist Application to access the login window for Oracle BPEL Worklist Application: Log in as jstein / welcome1 . The user jstein is the tribes manager of effect essay jcooper . This displays Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. A task waiting to be approved appears. Select Claim in in nigeria, the Actions list for the task to approve. The task details and payload information appear. Review the information. For example, the following information appears if you copied and theory pasted in the contents of OrderBookingPO_1.xml . Select Approve from the Task Action list and click Go . Log out how many in nigeria, as user jcooper . Log into Oracle BPEL Worklist Application as jstein / welcome1 . Select Approve from the Actions list and click Go . After processing, no tasks appear in Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Return to Oracle BPEL Control. Click the Instances tab at Ask, Don’t Essay, the top. Click the how many in nigeria VacationApproval instance. A message appears indicating that the instance has completed. Click the Audit and Flow links to observe additional details about the uses completed OrderApproval process. Workflow services and tribes in nigeria functions are responsible for a variety of tasks. This section describes the responsibilities of the following workflow services: 15.12.1 EJB, SOAP, and Java Support for the Workflow Services. Table 15-15 lists the type of SOAP, EJB, and Java support provided for the task services. Table 15-15 EJB, SOAP, and Java Support. Table 15-16 lists the location for the SOAP WSDL file for each task service. Table 15-16 SOAP WSDL Location for Health the Task Services. 15.12.2 Security Model for Services. With the exception of the tribes identity service, all services that use the above-mentioned APIs (SOAP, remote EJB, local EJB, and Java WSIF) require authentication to be invoked. All the above channels support passing the user identity using the workflow context. The workflow context contains either of the who is in fahrenheit following: Login and password. The task query service exposes the authenticate operation that takes the how many tribes login and password and returns the workflow context used for freeteens com all services. Tribes. Optionally, with each request, you can pass the workflow context with the login and effect essay password. The authenticate operation also supports the concept of creating the context on in nigeria behalf of a user with the admin ID and admin password. This enables you to create the context for a logged-in user to the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application if the password for that user is not available. Theory. 15.12.2.1 Security in SOAP Web Services. SOAP Web services also support Web service security. When Web service security is used, the how many tribes workflow context does not need to the antagonist 451 be present in the SOAP input. The Web service security can be configured from the Oracle Enterprise Manager 10 g Application Server Control Console. Workflow service SOAP clients cannot be used when Web service security is tribes, used. Uses And Gratifications Definition. Configuring Single Sign-on Using SAML in the Oracle Application Server Web Services Security Guide for details about propagating the identity of a user from a Web application to the Web service. In Nigeria. The workflow service EJBs also take a workflow context parameter that is used for authentication and definition authorization. 15.12.2.3 Creating Workflow Context on Behalf of a User. The authenticate API operation on the task query service can create the workflow context on behalf of a user by passing the user ID and how many tribes in nigeria password of an admin user in the request. An admin user is freeteens com, a user who has the BPMWorkflowAdmin role. This created context is as if it was created using the password on behalf of the user. In this example, the workflow context is how many in nigeria, created for user jcooper . Health Essay. The task service exposes operations to act on tasks. Tribes. Table 15-17 describes the operations of the task service. Electronic. Package oracle.bpel.services.workflow.task corresponds to the task service. Table 15-17 Task Service Methods. The task query service queries tasks based on a variety of search criterion such as keyword, category, status, business process, attribute values, history information of how many tribes a task, and so on. Table 15-18 describes the freeteens com operations of the task query service, including how to use the service over SOAP. Package oracle.bpel.services.workflow.query corresponds to the task query service. Table 15-18 Task Query Service Methods. assignmentFilter #x2014; Filters tasks according to whom the task is how many, assigned, or who created the freeteens com task. Possible values for the assignment filter are as follows: ADMIN #x2014; No filtering; returns all tasks regardless of assignment or creator. ALL #x2014; No filtering; returns all tasks regardless of assignment or creator. Tribes In Nigeria. CREATOR #x2014; Returns tasks where the eysenck of personality context user is the creator. GROUP #x2014; Returns tasks that are assigned to one of the groups of which the context user is a member. MY #x2014; Returns tasks that are assigned to the context user. MY_AND_GROUP #x2014; Returns tasks that are assigned to either the context user, or one of the groups of which they are a member. OWNER #x2014; Returns tasks where the context user is the task owner. PREVIOUS #x2014; Returns tasks the context user previously updated. REPORTEES #x2014; Returns tasks that are assigned to reportees of the context user. keywords #x2014; An optional search string. This only returns tasks where the string is contained in how many, the task title, task identification key, or one of the task text flex fields. predicate #x2014; An optional oracle.bpel.services.workflow.repos.Predicate object that allows clients to specify complex, SQL-like query predicates. Note: To use the task query service over SOAP, call Predicate.enableXMLSerialization(true); to make the predicate object serializable. Who Is The Antagonist 451. This section describes the identity service component of Oracle BPEL Process Manager. The identity service is a thin Web service layer on top of the how many tribes Oracle Application Server 10 g security infrastructure, namely OracleAS JAAS Provider (JAZN), or any custom user repository. It enables authentication and authorization of users and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. Some users and uses theory definition roles are automatically created when Oracle BPEL Process Manager is installed. Seeded users include: The identity service predefines the following roles, which can be granted to users to perform workflow-related operations: PUBLIC #x2014;This role is an implicit JAZN role; it does not need to be granted explicitly to any of the users. If any user can authenticate with the worklist, then they can see tasks assigned to them or groups they belong to and act on these tasks. The BPMPublic role can be used and explicitly granted to each user if a third-party provider does not support an implicit PUBLIC role. How Many Tribes. BPMWorkflowReassign #x2014;This role enables a user to reassign tasks to any other user in the organization. A manager can always delegate tasks to any users under him in the organization hierarchy without any Reassign privileges. However, to reassign to users outside the management hierarchy, the BPMWorkflowReassign role is required. BPMWorkflowSuspend #x2014;This role enables users to suspend a process. Effect Essay. If a process is suspended, then the expiration time does not apply. When the process is how many tribes in nigeria, resumed, the expiration date is recomputed. Users cannot suspend the workflow if the process designer has designated Suspend as a restricted action, even if the user has the BPMWorkflowSuspend role. BPMWorkflowViewHistory #x2014;In general, a user can see only the task assignment sequence as part of their worklist. This role enables a user to drill down further into in fahrenheit the BPEL business process audit trail from the task approval sequence. BPMWorkflowAdmin #x2014;This role enables a user to perform system actions on any workflow in the system. This role does not allow you to change the outcome of the task (such as approve or reject); it only allows you to perform actions such as delegate, escalate, and suspend. Only the task assignee or the task owner can change the outcome of the task. BPMSystemAdmin #x2014;Both BPMWorkflowAdmin and BPMSystemAdmin have the same level of how many in nigeria workflow privileges. BPMDefaultDomainAdmin #x2014;This role provides a user with access to freeteens com the default domain through Oracle BPEL Control. Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for how many tribes in nigeria instructions on eysenck configuring the identity service and additional details about the BPMSystemAdmin and BPMDefaultDomainAdmin roles. Some of these roles are nested. The BPMWorkflowReassign , BPMWorkflowSuspend , and BPMWorkflowViewHistory roles are granted to the BPMWorkflowAdmin role. The BPMSystemAdmin role is granted to tribes the seeded bpeladmin user. The following table represents the relationship between the grantees and roles: You use directory-specific tools to create realms, users, or groups. For example: To create users and groups when using OID, you use the Oracle Delegated Administration Services tools. See Oracle Identity Management Guide to Delegated Administration for more information. To create user and group credentials when using the XML-based JAZN provider, you use the JAZN Admintool to modify the jazn-data.xml file. To add or remove an XML-based JAZN user or role, the JAZN Admintool must be used. You can manually edit the users-properties.xml file to specify detailed user properties that JAZN does not support. For example, to add a user to a specified realm, issue the and gratifications following command: java -jar jazn.jar -user adminUser -password adminPassword -adduser realmName newUser newUserPassword. The JAZN Admintool provides different command options. You can list all the options and their syntax with the -help option, as in: java -jar jazn.jar -help. If you are using a third-party LDAP server or a custom user repository, you must use the specific tools available for that directory. 15.12.5.2 Identity Service Providers. Oracle BPEL Process Manager identity service supports three types of providers: JAZN, third-party LDAP, or custom plug-in, as shown in Figure 15-36. Figure 15-36 Identity Service Providers. The identity service providers perform the following operations: Authentication#x2014;authenticates users given their username and tribes password. Authorization#x2014;determines roles and group memberships for a specific user. These roles are then used to control access to who is the antagonist 451 various work items and operations on the worklist. Retrieve user properties#x2014;includes contact information such as first name, last name, phone, e-mail, preferred notification channel, language preference, time zone, and organization details such as manager name and reportees. The JAZN provider mode, which is preconfigured, delegates all authentication and authorization inquires to the JAZN layer. Two JAAS providers are supplied as part of the OC4J security infrastructure: the XML-based file and LDAP-based OID. XML-Based JAZN Provider Type #x2014; The XML-based provider type is used for lightweight storage of information in the XML files. All the user names, roles, and permissions are stored in XML files. In this case, user names, passwords, and privileges are stored in the jazn-data.xml file. In addition, Oracle BPEL Process Manager uses a user-properties.xml file that works in conjunction with this file to how many tribes store detailed user properties such as name, e-mail, phone, and manager. LDAP-Based JAZN Provider Type (Oracle Internet Directory) #x2014; The LDAP-based provider type is based on the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) for centralized storage of information in a directory. OID is a standard LDAP-based directory that provides a single, centralized repository for all user data. Who Is The Antagonist 451. It allows sites to manage user identities, roles, authorization, and in nigeria authentication credentials, as well as application-specific preferences and theory profiles in tribes, a single repository. The third-party LDAP provider mode enables identity service to work with third-party LDAP servers such as Sun Directory Server (iPlanet), Microsoft Active Directory, or openLDAP. In this mode, identity service assumes that the directory is the central repository of all user data, including authentication credentials, roles, and profiles. The standard organizationalPerson , inetOrgPerson objects from the Electronic Records Essay LDAP schema retrieve these details. 15.12.5.2.3 Custom User Repository Plug-ins. This mode enables you to plug in a non-LDAP-based user repository by registering a custom identity service provider. How Many In Nigeria. The custom identity service plug-in must implement the BPMIdentityService interface (see Javadoc). In Fahrenheit 451. This identityservice class name must be registered in is_config.xml . See SOA_Oracle_Home bpeldocsworkfloworacletippcservicesidentity for Javadoc on the BPMIdentityService interface. The identity service supports the following user properties : Given name, middle name, and last name. Home phone number. Mobile phone number. Owners (applies to groups and roles, but not users) Language preference (Java locale) Notification preference (preferred notification channel) The preceding properties are optional for Oracle BPEL Process Manager users. However, some features, such as task notification, are not available if the tribes in nigeria contact information is not present in the directory or in the users-properties file for eysenck theory of personality the JAZN XML-based provider. Also, automatic escalation and manager views are not available if the manager field is not available to the identity service. If the user is not listed among the owners of the group, they cannot modify the rule defined for tribes the group. The service configuration chapter of effect essay Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for instructions on in nigeria defining group ownership. The following OID objectClasses specify user and role properties such as mail , manager , and telephoneNumber . The identity service maintains a connection pool to retrieve these properties from the LDAP directory. If you are using the XML-based JAZN provider, the same entries are represented as XML elements in the users-properties.xml file in. The identity service enables you to specify multiple configuration settings (to express identity contexts, supported realms, and so on) in the is_config.xml file. The business process uses one of the defined configurations at run time. The configuration must specify the realm name to enable a business process to eysenck theory of personality resolve the context at in nigeria, run time. For the JAZN provider, the realm name must match one of supported JAZN realm names. Otherwise, a run time exception is thrown. For the JAZN XML-based provider, extended user and role properties for different realms must be stored in different files. For the LDAP provider, the realm name can be any unique name, while the context is defined by uses and gratifications definition the LDAP URL, user search base, and role search base nodes in the LDAP server tree. These properties are controlled by the connection , userControls , and roleControls provider elements in is_config.xml . Tribes. If the is_config.xml file contains more than one configuration, then one is defined as the default configuration. The default context is used by effect essay the BPEL process if no specific context information is found at run time. The identity service resolves the configuration context based on the realm name. The service configuration chapter of the Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for configuration instructions. 15.12.5.5 Authentication, Authorization, and Identity Service Providers. The identity service supports authentication, authorization, and identity service providers. The identity service provider is the default pseudoservice provider. It must be defined for each configuration in in nigeria, the is_config.xml file. It delegates all calls either to the authentication or authorization service provider. By default, all three service providers share the same context setting defined in eysenck, the identity provider.The identity service can define additional service providers with its own setting attributes for authentication or authorization services.If the provider service attribute is set to Authentication , the setting and the provider context are used only for all authentication calls for the configuration. If the provider service attribute is set to Authorization , the setting and provider context are used only for authorization calls. How Many Tribes In Nigeria. The multiple service providers section of the service configuration chapter of the Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for an example of a configuration with two providers: The JAZN XML-based identity service provider is used for Electronic Health Records Essay example all calls, except authentication. The custom plug-in provider is used only for authentication calls. The notification service exposes operations that can be invoked from the BPEL business process to send notifications through e-mail, voice, fax, pager, or short message service (SMS) channels. Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for instructions on configuring notification service delivery channels. Task metadata service exposes operations to retrieve metadata information related to tribes a task. Table 15-19 describes these methods. Package oracle.bpel.services.workflow.metadata corresponds to the task metadata service. Table 15-19 Task Metadata Service Methods. Freeteens Com. The user metadata service provides methods for managing metadata specific to how many individual users and uses theory groups. How Many. It is used for getting and setting user worklist preferences, managing user custom views, and managing workflow rules for users and uses theory groups. For most methods in the user metadata service, the authenticated user can query and update their own user metadata. However, they cannot update metadata belonging to other users. In the case of group metadata (for example, workflow rules for in nigeria groups), only a user designated as an owner of a group (or a BPMWorkflowAdmin user) can query and update the uses theory metadata for that group. However, a user that has been granted the BPMWorkflowAdmin role can query and update metadata for any user or group. Table 15-20 describes the methods in the user metadata service. Package oracle.bpel.services.workflow.user corresponds to the user metadata service. Table 15-20 User Metadata Service Methods. Chapter 16, Worklist Application for details about the rule configuration and user preference pages. The runtime config service provides methods for managing metadata used in the task service run time environment. It principally supports management of task payload flex field mappings. The task object used by in nigeria the task service contains a number of flex field attributes, which can be populated with information from the task payload. This allows the task payload information to be queried, displayed in task listings, and used in workflow rules. The runtime config service allows administrators to create mappings between simple task payload attributes and these flex field attributes. Only a user with the BPMWorkflowAdmin privilege can make updates to payload mappings. Records Essay. However, any authenticated user can use the query methods in this service. An administrator can create attribute labels for the various flex field attributes. These attribute labels provide a meaningful label for the attribute (for example, a label Location may be created for the flex field attribute TextAttribute1 ). A given flex field attribute may have multiple labels associated with it. This attribute label is what is displayed to users when displaying lists of attributes for a specific task in the worklist application. The attribute labels for how many a specific task type can be determined by calling the getTaskAttributesForTaskDefinition method on the task metadata service. When defining attribute labels, the following fields are automatically populated by the service. You do not need to specify values for these attributes when creating or updating attribute labels: Valid values for the task attribute field are as follows: TextAttribute1 through TextAttribute10. FormAttribute1 through FormAttribute5. UrlAttribute1 through UrlAttribute5. DateAttribute1 through DateAttribute5. NumberAttribute1 through NumberAttribute5. Mappings can then be created between task payload fields and Ask, Don’t Tell Policy the attribute labels. For example, the payload field customerLocation can be mapped to how many tribes the attribute label Location . Different task types can share the theory of personality same attribute label. This allows payload attributes from different task types that have the same semantic meaning to how many tribes be mapped to the same attribute label. Only payload fields that are simple XML types can be mapped. The runtime config service also provides methods for querying the dynamic assignment functions supported by effect essay the server. Table 15-21 describes the methods in the runtime config service. Package oracle.bpel.services.workflow.runtimeconfig corresponds to the runtime config service. Table 15-21 Runtime Config Service. 15.12.9.1 Internationalization of Attribute Labels. Attribute labels provide a method of attaching a meaningful label to a task flex field attribute. It can be desirable to present attribute labels that are translated into the appropriate language for the locale of the user. Tribes In Nigeria. To achieve this, you can add entries to definition the WorkflowLabels.properties resource property file, and associated resource bundles in other languages. This file exists in the SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfigwfresource directory. Entries for flex field attribute labels must be of the form: For instance, the how many tribes in nigeria entry for a label named Location is: Note that adding entries to these files for attribute labels is optional. If no entry is present in the file, the uses and gratifications name of the attribute label as specified using the API is used instead. 15.13 Configuring the Assignment Service. This section describes how to configure the assignment service. This section contains the how many following topics: 15.13.1 Dynamic Assignment Functions. Dynamic assignment functions select a particular user or group from either a group, or from a list of users or groups. The selection is eysenck theory of personality, made according to tribes criteria specific to the particular dynamic assignment function. The three dynamic assignment functions shown in Table 15-22 are included with Oracle BPEL Process Manager: Table 15-22 Dynamic Assignment Functions. These functions all check a user's vacation status. A user that is currently unavailable is not automatically assigned tasks. These dynamic assignment functions can be called using the freeteens com custom XPath functions in a BPEL process or task definition. These XPath functions must be called with at in nigeria, least two, and optionally more parameters: The name of the dynamic assignment function being called. The name of the eysenck of personality group on which to execute the how many tribes function (or a list of users or groups).(Optional) the identity realm to which the user or group belongs (default value is the default identity realm). Additional optional parameters specific to the dynamic assignment function. In the case of the most-productive assignment function, this is the length of time (in days) to calculate a user's productivity. The two other functions do not use additional parameters. In addition, workflow rules created for a group can use dynamic assignment functions to select a member of that group for reassignment of a task. In addition to who is in fahrenheit 451 the three functions, a dynamic assignment framework is how many tribes in nigeria, provided that allows you to freeteens com implement and configure your own dynamic assignment functions. 15.13.1.1 Implementing a Dynamic Assignment Function. How Many. To implement your own dynamic assignment function, write a Java class that implements one or both of the Electronic Health Essay following interfaces: If your dynamic assignment function selects users, implement the first interface. If it selects groups, implement the second interface. If it allows the selection of how many tribes in nigeria both users and freeteens com groups, implement both interfaces. The two interfaces above both extend the interface oracle.bpel.services.workflow.assignment.dynamic.IDynamicAssignmentFunction . In Nigeria. Your Java class should also implement the methods in that interface. Eysenck Theory Of Personality. These interfaces as shown below: The dynamic assignment framework also provides the utility class oracle.bpel.services.workflow.assignment.dynamic.DynamicAssignmentUtils . This class provides a number of methods that are useful when implementing dynamic assignment functions. How Many. 15.13.1.2 Configuring Dynamic Assignment Functions. Dynamic assignment functions are configured using the wf-dynamic-assign-cfg.xml file in the SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfig directory. Who Is The Antagonist In Fahrenheit. Each dynamic assignment function must have an entry in this file, in how many tribes, the form of a function tag. The function tag must contain two attributes: name #x2014; the Ask, Policy name of the function. classpath #x2014; the how many tribes classpath of the class that implements the function. In addition, the function tag can optionally contain any number of property tags. These tags pass initialization parameters to the dynamic assignment function. Each property tag must contain a name attribute. The value of the property is specified in the body of the tag. The property values specified in these tags are passed as a map (indexed by the value of the name attributes) to the setInitParameters method of the dynamic assignment functions. Two of the functions have initialization parameters. These are: ROUND_ROBIN #x2014; The parameter MAX_MAP_SIZE specifies the maximum number of sets of users or groups for which the function can maintain ROUND_ROBIN counts. The dynamic assignment function holds a list of and gratifications theory users and how many groups in memory for each group (or list of theory of personality users and groups) on in nigeria which it is asked to execute the ROUND_ROBIN function. most-productive #x2014; The parameter DEAFULT_TIME_PERIOD specified the length of time (in days) over which to calculate the freeteens com user's productivity. This value can be overridden when calling the how many tribes in nigeria most-productive dynamic assignment function. Use an XPath function by specifying an effect essay, alternative value as the third parameter in tribes in nigeria, the XPath function call. 15.13.1.3 Configuring Display Names for Dynamic Assignment Functions. The runtime config service provides methods for returning a list of Ask, Policy Essay available user and group dynamic assignment functions. These functions return both the name of the function, and a user-displayable label for the function. The functions support localization of the display name, so that it displays in the appropriate language for the context user. These functions are used by the worklist application to show a list of available dynamic assignment functions. To specify display names (and appropriate translations) for your dynamic assignment functions, add entries to the resource property file WorkflowLabels.properties , and associated resource property files in in nigeria, other languages. This file exists in Essay example, the SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfigwfresource directory. Entries for how many tribes dynamic assignment functions must be of the form: For instance, the entry for the ROUND_ROBIN function is: Note that adding entries to these files for dynamic assignment functions is who is in fahrenheit 451, optional. If no entry is present in the file, then the name of the function (for example, ROUND_ROBIN ') is used instead. 15.13.2 Dynamically Assigning Task Participants with the Assignment Service. Workflow task participants are specified declaratively in a routing slip. The routing slip guides the workflow by specifying the tribes in nigeria participants and how they participate in the workflow task (for example, management chain hierarchy, sequential list of approvers, and so on). There are scenarios where the Don’t Tell workflow task participants are computed dynamically using complex rules. To support such dynamic assignment, an how many tribes in nigeria, assignment service is used. The assignment service is responsible for effect essay determining the task assignees. You can also implement your own assignment service and plug in that implementation for tribes in nigeria use with a particular workflow. This section contains the following topics: 15.13.2.1 Assignment Service Overview. The assignment service determines the effect essay following task assignment details in how many, a workflow: The assignment when the task is initiated. The assignment when the task is reinitiated. Effect Essay. The assignment when a user updates the task outcome. When the task outcome is updated, the task can either be routed to tribes other users or completed. The assignees from whom information for the task can be requested. If the task supports reapproval from the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application, a user can request information for reapproval. The users who reapprove the task if reapproval is supported. The workflow service identifies and invokes the assignment service for a particular task to determine the task assignment. For example, a simple assignment service iteration is as follows: A client initiates an expense approval task whose routing is determined by the assignment service. The assignment service determines that the task assignee is jcooper . When jcooper approves the task, the assignment service assigns the task to jstein . The assignment service also specifies that a notification must be sent to the creator of the task, jlondon . jstein approves the task and the assignment service indicates that there are no more users to which to assign the task. 15.13.2.2 Implementing an Assignment Service. The assignment service is implemented with the eysenck of personality IAssignmentService interface. The workflow service passes the tribes in nigeria following information to freeteens com the assignment service to tribes determine the task assignment: Task document #x2014; The task document that is executed by the workflow. The task document contains the payload and other task information like current state, and so on. Who Is. Map of properties #x2014; When an assignment service is tribes, specified, a list of properties can also be specified to correlate callbacks with backend services that determine the task assignees. Freeteens Com. Task history #x2014; The task history is a list of chronologically ordered task documents to trace the history of the task. The task documents in this list contain a subset of attributes in the actual task (such as state , updatedBy , outcome , updatedDate , and so on). 15.13.2.3 Example of how many Assignment Service Implementation. The assignment service class cannot be stateful because every time workflow services need to call the assignment service, it creates a new instance. The getAssigneesToRequestForInformation method can be called multiple times because one of the criteria to show the request-for-information action is that there are users to request information. Therefore, this method is called every time the workflow service tries to determine the permitted actions for a task. You can implement your own assignment service plug-in that the workflow service invokes during workflow execution. The following example provides a sample IAssignmentService implementation named TestAssignmentService.java . 15.13.2.4 Deploying a Custom Assignment Service. You must use one of the following methods to make an assignment service implementation class and its related classes available in the class path of Oracle BPEL Process Manager: Load your classes in definition, the SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemclasses directory and unzip your JAR files in the same directory. Change the Oracle BPEL Process Manager shared library to include your JAR files. You cannot create different versions of the assignment service for use in different BPEL processes unless you change package names or class names. Java classes and in nigeria JAR files in the suitcase are not available in the class path and therefore cannot be used as a deployment model for effect essay the assignment service. The steps must be repeated for each node in a cluster. The custom escalation function enables you to integrate a custom rule in a workflow. You create a custom task escalation function and register this with the workflow service that uses that function in task definitions. The Advanced Settings section of the Human Task editor enables you to integrate the rule in a human task. 15.14 Workflow Service and Identity Service Related XPath Extension Functions. Oracle BPEL Process Manager provides XPath extension functions for use with the workflow services and how many the identity service. XPath extension functions mimic XPath 2.0 standards. Table 15-23 lists the supported workflow service functions and Table 15-24 lists the supported identity service functions. Table 15-23 Workflow Service Functions. Table 15-24 Identity Service Functions. 15.14.1 Deprecated Workflow Service and Identity Service Functions. Table 15-25 lists the workflow and effect essay identity service functions that are deprecated for this release. Table 15-25 Deprecated Workflow Service and Identity Service Functions. You can specify resource bundles for displaying task details in different languages in how many in nigeria, Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. In addition, the resource property file WorkflowLabels.properties can be used for setting display names for the following: Dynamic assignment functions. Payload mapping attribute labels. This chapter describes how you can integrate systems and services with human workflow into a single end-to-end process flow using Oracle BPEL Process Manager. The predefined workflow participant types are described, as are the components of workflow services#x2014;the task service, task routing service, identity service, worklist service, notification service, and uses theory others.

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    Circe , Glaucus , Greek mythology 1901 Words | 5 Pages. deadly monsters. In Homers epic poem The Odyssey, the king of and gratifications definition, Ithica, Odysseus , is trying to get home to how many his family after a ten year war . conquering the city of definition, Troy. Odysseus encounters numerous perils during his journey home. How Many. Some of his impediments included Calypso, a god, Polyphemus, a giant Cyclopes, and the suitors. Calypso trapped Odysseus on freeteens com her island for seven years because she loved him. The Cyclopes only saw Odysseus and his crew as food. Then, when he finally gets home, he learns about. Cyclops , Greek mythology , Hero 1250 Words | 3 Pages. Odysseus , a hero?

    What comes to how many tribes in nigeria mind when we think of a hero? Generally, we think a hero is someone with some super powers, and has . the ability to save the world. The Odyssey, by Homer, a Greek mythical epic, includes Odysseus , someone who would be considered a hero, by what bravery he had shown. But as his life and the epic progresses, almost every time Odysseus faces a difficulty, he chooses to do the right thing, yet his pride and selfishness always get in effect essay, the way, bringing him down and. Achilles , Cyclops , Greek mythology 985 Words | 3 Pages.

    September 2013 Odysseus : A good leader The Odyssey of Homer is how many a . book about Don’t Ask,, a hero and his adventures in his journey home. In this paper, we will discuss about some heroic characters and the leadership skill of Odysseus . To be a good leader, a person should be decisive, cunning, brave, deductive and compassionate. I will discuss why I believe Odysseus as a good leader. First of all, we will discuss about. Achilles , Circe , Cyclops 1682 Words | 4 Pages. goodness of his heart. In Nigeria. Odysseus , who is the main character of the book The Odyssey written by Homer, would fit the dictionary?s definition . of a hero; but if you go deeper, looking at what people feel a hero is, he doesn?t even come close. In the in fahrenheit 451 book, Odysseus does nothing out how many of the goodness of his heart. Freeteens Com. Even if Odysseus fought in tribes, the Trojan War, he is not a hero because he is self-centered and ignorant to other people?s values and needs. There are multiple examples of Odysseus being self-centered.

    Achilles , Circe , Greek mythology 749 Words | 4 Pages. Odysseus : A Hero Heroism was not an invention of the Greeks. Yet, through the first hundreds years of freeteens com, their civilization, the Greek . How Many. literature has already given birth to highly polished and complex long epics that revolved around heroes. These literature works gave many possibilities of definition of heroism. The Greeks illustrated heroism to Don’t Ask, Don’t Policy obey the how many rules laid down by the gods and theory of personality goddesses, and those who obey the rules would gain honor and fame. The Greeks regarded intelligence as one of. Circe , Goddess , Greeks 1351 Words | 4 Pages. island of the Cicones. At the how many in nigeria island of the Cicones Odysseus and his men stormed the beach but didn't press any attack on the people there. The . Cicones rallied back up and prepared for Policy Essay an attack on Odysseus and in nigeria his men, from horse back. In a large battle that Odysseus inevitably lost, six rows of Odysseus's men were killed and Odysseus had to flee the island The Lotus-Eaters When Odysseus and his men landed on the island of the Lotus-Eaters, Odysseus sent out a scouting party of three or so men who.

    Cyclops , Greek mythology , Odysseus 1837 Words | 5 Pages. Odysseus adventures in Health Essay, Hades Few characters in literature have ever ventured into the underworld and returned back to how many in nigeria earth. . Eysenck Theory Of Personality. Odysseus trip to the underworld offers the reader an insight into Ancient Greek society and religion. The advice and how many tribes in nigeria requests made by the people he encounters show us how the people of the time viewed the afterlife Circe directed Odysseus to the kingdom of the dead in book 11 after he had spent a full year in her kingdom. Upon arriving to the underworld, Odysseus. Ancient Greece , Cyclops , Greek mythology 1047 Words | 3 Pages. the odyssey if were actually watching it eventhough that the teacher already taught it . it seems that the students not only freeteens com enjoying watching it but the . same time learning. moreover, I can say that The Odyssey is an enjoyable story following King Odysseus ' adventures during the ten years he spent returning from the Trojan War to Ithaca, Greece.There were many differences between this version in movie of The Odyssey and Homer's original story. In the how many tribes in nigeria movie they include the facts that encounters with. Achilles , Epic Cycle , Greek mythology 913 Words | 3 Pages. Odysseus : The Epic Hero The Trojan War took place around 1200 B.C. The cause of this war was Helen, Menelaus wife and the most beautiful . woman in freeteens com, the world.

    She was kidnapped from Sparta and taken to Troy, where she was married to Paris. A war resulted, and it went on how many tribes for ten long years. Troy was defeated with the Trojan Horse, which was Odysseus idea. Greek warriors hid inside the hollow wooden horse, and it was brought into Troy because the Trojans assumed it meant that the Greeks had surrendered. Achilles , Greek mythology , Homer 977 Words | 3 Pages. Temptations of uses and gratifications theory, Odysseus Odysseus : a hero in every way. He is a real man, skilled in the sports, handy with a sword and spear, . and a master of war strategy. In Nigeria. Most of the challenges and adventures in his return voyage from Troy show us this even if we had no idea of his great heroic stature and accomplishments in eysenck of personality, the Trojan war. I found in how many, my reading of the uses and gratifications definition Odyssey that most of the trials the tribes in nigeria gods place upon him are readily faced with heroic means. Electronic Health Example. These challenges are not necessarily welcomed.

    Achilles , Athena , Cyclops 1519 Words | 4 Pages. The Evolution of how many tribes, Odysseus Throughout the freeteens com Odyssey, Homer explores the tribes evolution of Odysseus from a young and inexperienced . warrior when he leaves to Electronic Records Essay fight at Troy to a mature and accomplished war hero when returns to his home at Ithaca. The slow maturation of Odysseus develops as he accomplishes physical and mental victories against women in the form of monsters, goddesses, nymphs, and mortals. Each of the women obstacles tests Odysseus ' strength as a leader, a father, and tribes in nigeria husband, and as he defeats. Athena , Circe , Goddess 1142 Words | 3 Pages. Humans compare many things like, how tall they are or how much they weigh. World literature generally gives us many ways to compare on work from another as . for example, Odysseus in the epic poem The Odyssey by Homer, and eysenck theory of personality Oedipus in the play Oedipus the King by Sophocles. These two men may have one thing in common, their pride. However, their relationships, self-control, and motivations are totally different from each other. Pride is a funny thing, too much or too little of it can hurt you, however. Greek mythology , Jocasta , Odysseus 2074 Words | 5 Pages.

    Leadership Skills Good leaders inspire those who follow with words as well as actions. How Many Tribes In Nigeria. There are, however, not perfect and sometimes make poor . decisions. In The Odyssey, Odysseus , being human, sometimes makes errors in uses definition, judgment and puts himself and his men in danger. In Homers classic epic, The Odyssey, Odysseus demonstrates characteristics of both an in nigeria effective and ineffective leader. An example of Odysseuss effective leadership would be his ability to the antagonist 451 think ahead, for in nigeria . Achilles , Cyclops , Homer 425 Words | 3 Pages. The Chronological Orde of the Adventures of Odysseus. return home, so Odysseus must force them back to the ship. Third, at the Cyclops' cave, his men escape being eaten only by . Odysseus blinding the Ask, Don’t one-eyed Polyphemus (son of Poseidon). He does so by claiming that his name is No One.

    When Polyphemus screams, he says that No One is attacking him, so his fellow cyclopes do not come to his rescue. As a result, Poseidon threatens Odysseus with much suffering and the ultimate loss of his men. Tribes In Nigeria. Fourth, King Aeolus gives Odysseus and his men a place. Charybdis , Circe , Cyclops 658 Words | 3 Pages. Odyssey, by Homer, is about Odysseus , the king of Ithaca. Odysseus fights in the Trojan War and wins. He travels towards Ithaca . but does not reach it because he is not in favor of Poseidon, god of the sea, who prevents his return. For many years, Odysseus wanders the uses and gratifications theory seas and has many adventures.

    Meanwhile, suitors attempt to marry Penelope, Odysseus #8217; wife, but she remains faithful to her husband. The gods pity Odysseus and assist in how many tribes, his safe return to Ithaca. Theory. Odysseus #8217; personal qualities. Characters in how many, the Odyssey , Circe , Cyclops 1159 Words | 3 Pages. 22 March 2012 Odysseus : Epic Hero or Not? What is a hero you may ask? Merriam-Webster states that a hero is a mythological or legendary . Don’t Don’t Tell Essay. figure often of divine descent endowed with great strength or ability; an illustrious warrior; a man admired for his achievements and noble qualities; one who shows great courage; the principal male character in a literary or dramatic work; the central figure in an event, period, or movement.

    I could support Merriam and say that Odysseus fits many of in nigeria, these. Achilles , Athena , Greek mythology 1308 Words | 4 Pages. destiny. Their influence is evident in effect essay, determining the outcome of in nigeria, every adventure and obstacle that the hero, Odysseus , faces during his . Eysenck Theory Of Personality. lengthy, perilous journey home following the events of the Trojan War. Mans free will is overshadowed throughout this epic poem by the use of prophecy or the direct influence of the how many tribes in nigeria gods to ultimately foretell and decide the outcome. The choices Odysseus makes may have direct consequences and influence on his life, gaining or denying him favor with the gods. He.

    Athena , Greek mythology , Hermes 1197 Words | 4 Pages. Lancelot and Electronic Health example Odysseus Let love be without hypocrisy. Abhor what is evil; cling to tribes in nigeria what is good (Romans 12:9). This principal seems to be . markedly evident as one closely examines the actions and thoughts behind the Don’t character of Sir Lancelot in The Knight of the Cart. When one encounters the adventures of in nigeria, Odysseus in The Odyssey, however, the values of a completely different and slightly opposing culture present themselves.

    In the medieval times of Sir Lancelot, an ideal man would tend to. Chretien de Troyes , Gawain , Guinevere 1526 Words | 4 Pages. the return, where the hero must return back to Electronic example his home. A perfect example of someone that underwent the heroic journey is Odysseus from the . epic poem, The Odyssey by Homer because he had undergone a journey that included a departure, initiation, and return. How Many In Nigeria. Indications of Odysseus departure are his call to adventure and his crossing of the first threshold. Uses Theory Definition. Odysseus call to adventure is how many in nigeria his desire to go back to his family in Ithaca after being sent to freeteens com Troy to fight in tribes, the Trojan War (Hamilton. Achilles , Athena , English-language films 906 Words | 3 Pages. Journey of Heroes: Dorothy and and gratifications Odysseus.

    2012 Dorothy and Odysseus A hero is someone who is courageous, loyal, and fearful. Odysseus is a hero from The Odyssey that is . told by Homer. The epic story begins when Aphrodite cast a love spell on Paris and Helen. Tribes. Paris is the prince of Troy and Helen is the queen of Sparta. Helen is Menelauses wife who is the king of Sparta. Paris and Helen after having a love spell cast on them end up falling in love. When Paris takes Helen back to Troy with him, Menelaus summons Odysseus , Agamemnon, and. Cowardly Lion , Land of Oz , Princess Ozma 1312 Words | 4 Pages. Odysseus' Strengths and Weaknesses. Odysseus ' Strengths and Weaknesses The Odyssey by Homer is a metaphor for one man's spiritual quest.

    Throughout the story . Odysseus develops and growth. Odysseus learns how to use his brain instead of his hands. He starts to listen to the advices of different people. He also finally understands the advice given by the blind prophet Tiresias: It is the journey, not the destination. At the beginning of the story Odysseus has some weaknesses that prolong his voyage back to Ithaca. His most important. Athena , Circe , Homer 488 Words | 3 Pages. The Journey of Odysseus and Telemachos In The Odyssey written by Homer and translated by Richard Lattimore, several themes are made evident, . conceived by the nature of the time period, and customs of the Greek people.

    These molded and shaped the Policy Essay actual flow of events and outcomes of the poem. Beliefs of this characteristic were represented by tribes in nigeria, the sheer reverence towards the gods and the humanities the freeteens com Greek society exhibited, and how many tribes are both deeply rooted within the story. In the intricate and. Greek mythology , Homer , Iliad 2582 Words | 6 Pages. Odysseus as an freeteens com Epic Hero What is the difference between a regular hero and an epic hero? Odysseus from how many tribes in nigeria, Fagles translation of and gratifications theory definition, . Homers The Odyssey and Claybournes The Adventures of Ulysses qualifies as an epic hero based on his daring adventures and actions on his detour home from in nigeria, Troy. He earns this title by uses theory definition, traveling to various settings, many of which he has never before set foot on, setting himself apart from tribes, other men based on his actions of superhuman courage and great valor, and having the. Athena , Cyclops , Greek mythology 1222 Words | 3 Pages. Temptations. One must be pretty strong to freeteens com overcome all that. Tribes In Nigeria. In Homers epic, the Odyssey, the main character Odysseus is faced with all of . those and suffers for many years due to his struggles with the gods.

    After winning the freeteens com Trojan War, he is desperate to how many tribes return home to his family in Ithaca, but the gods who want to control him are disrupting his voyage. However, throughout his journey, Odysseus makes many decisions, which proves that he controls his fate and is not a puppet of the gods. His decision. Circe , Cyclops , Greek mythology 860 Words | 3 Pages. Lopez English I HP, Period 6 Miss Grabowski January 27, 2011 Odysseus as Epic Hero The Odyssey, written by Homer, describes an eysenck theory of personality epic hero . to be a mortal male, someone who goes on along, dangerous expedition, also who is very brave, intelligent, and responsible. He will face many conflicts yet always manages to tribes prevail. Odysseus possesses all these traits and demonstrates it throughout the entire Odyssey, such as when Odysseus and his men become trapped in Electronic Health example, a Cyclops cave and he needs to figure.

    Circe , Cyclops , Greek mythology 897 Words | 3 Pages. event is the manner in which Odysseus carries out his retribution of the maids and suitors. Odysseus disguises himself and lies . to everyone he cares about to see who is how many loyal to him and Don’t Tell Policy Essay who is not. He tests the qualities of how many tribes in nigeria, others, all the while showing none of them himself. Freeteens Com. His untrustworthy behavior makes him hypocritical when it comes to proving others loyalty. Tribes In Nigeria. Odysseus is not justified in his retribution of the maids and the suitors because of his ignobility.

    Odysseus is not justified in his. Characters in the Odyssey , Circe , Deception 888 Words | 3 Pages. Compare and Contrast of Odysseus and Aeneas. Compare and uses and gratifications theory definition Contrast of Odysseus and Aeneas Odysseus , the hero in how many tribes in nigeria, The Odyssey, and Aeneas, the hero in The Aeneid, fought in . Freeteens Com. opposing sides in the Trojan war. In Nigeria. Odysseus was the king of Ithaca and was arguably the theory smartest king and warrior in all of Greece, whereas Aeneas was a warrior from Troy whose destiny was to how many found the Roman race in Italy. Theory. While both men were highly acclaimed by their respective countrymen as heroes, they shared many similarities in respect to their background, their virtue. Aeneas , Aeneid , Homer 2120 Words | 5 Pages. Heros Journey: The Odyssey by Homer is the story of Odysseus , a very brave, strong and in nigeria smart Greek mythic hero who embarks on an epic . journey.

    His journey fulfills all the requisites of a Heros Journey. Odysseus Journey takes him through various mental stages which will be outlined in bold. Odysseus ordinary world is that of the island of Ithaca where he lives with his beloved wife. When he was looking for 451 a bride, Odysseus visited Sparta where he met Menelaus who was to wed Helen. Athena , Greek mythology , Iliad 925 Words | 3 Pages. Heroes in Action: Odysseus Spiderman The late actor, Christopher Reeve, once stated, A hero is an ordinary individual who finds the . strength to persevere and endure in spite of overwhelming obstacles. In the how many in nigeria epic, Odyssey, by Homer and freeteens com the film, Spiderman, directed by tribes in nigeria, Sam Raimi, the crux of the storyline relates to effect essay a hero and the challenges they face along the way.

    In the Odyssey, Odysseus is the main character. Tribes In Nigeria. The epic tale outlines his travels as he attempts to eysenck travel back to his home. Ben Reilly , Gwen Stacy , Harry Osborn 1848 Words | 5 Pages. A Comparative Analysis of Odysseus and Achilles. A Comparative Analysis of Odysseus and tribes Achilles The Trojan War was more than a series of battles between opposing forces, it was the climax . of an age of heroes. The retrieval of Helen brought together many of the Records Essay mythological characters of tribes, that time onto a single stage. Of the Don’t Tell Policy thousands of brave men who fought at Ilion, two men stood above the masses, sharing the title of hero. They were born in how many in nigeria, the line of those on Mt. Olympus, favored by freeteens com, the gods.

    Excelling in courage and how many tribes in nigeria skill, adored by those. Achilles , Greek mythology , Homer 1218 Words | 4 Pages. The epic poems The Odyssey, written by Homer, and Gilgamesh, translated by Ask, Don’t Tell Essay, David Ferry, feature the struggles and triumphs of two epic heroes, . Odysseus and Gilgamesh. Epic heroes exemplify six common traits. They are all strong fighters, complete with physical beauty and intimidation. The epic hero is dangerous yet protects ordinary people.

    There is always an encounter with death and the cosmos. They are superhuman, but they are not supernatural, although they come in how many, contact with the supernatural. Enkidu , Epic of the antagonist 451, Gilgamesh , Epic poetry 1477 Words | 4 Pages. A reflection of Odysseus and Modern Day Heroes The Odyssey by Homer. storytelling today. Tribes. Odysseus , the legendary Greek king of Ithaca and protagonist of Homer's epic poem the Odyssey was recognized as a great . hero of his time. He was known for freeteens com his defining qualities of how many, superior strength and athleticism, sharp intellect, sensual ness, and a thirst for glory.

    These character traits are still being used to attribute modern day fictional heroes such as Neo, Captain Jack Sparrow, James Bond, and effect essay Spiderman. Accordingly, the heroic qualities of Odysseus can be still be seen. Casino Royale , Homer , Odyssey 1704 Words | 5 Pages. Odysseus : A Hero or a Flawed Hero? The epic poem, The Odyssey written by Homer near the end of the 8th century BC, focuses on a Grecian . hero named Odysseus . How Many In Nigeria. Although after the falling of Troy Odysseus embarks upon a long, grueling journey home, it is through his travels that Homer is able to illustrate him as a hero. A hero is known as, a man of distinguished courage or ability, admired for his brave deeds and noble qualities. (Dictionary.com) Homers projection of Odysseus is essentially. Achilles , Greek mythology , Homer 1127 Words | 3 Pages.

    The Journey of a King In Homer's epic poem, The Odyssey, Telemachus and Odysseus set out on their own journeys to become men; as a result, . they become patient, brave, and who is the antagonist honorable men. Odysseus has bravery, which makes him a good king, but fools can be brave too, so how is Odysseus any better than a fool? This is why he goes out in search of honor and patience. Telemachus has the patience, but he is not brave enough to stand up to the suitors and to gain respect from them. Therefore Telemachus. Greek mythology , Homer , Iliad 1010 Words | 3 Pages. ? It is common knowledge that Odysseus is considered to be a Greek hero, some would even say that he is the how many in nigeria one ideal hero of ancient Greece. Effect Essay. . Yet what is the criteria that puts Odysseus as one of the great Greek heroes? One thing many definitions had for a Greek hero was that they were from divine ancestry, favored by the gods, and have had the skill to complete their journey successfully.

    In The Odyssey by Homer, Odysseus has fulfilled being demi-god, being favored by how many in nigeria, the gods and mainly showing. Athena , Greek mythology , Hero 1207 Words | 3 Pages. Beowulf and Essay Odysseus: a Comparison. Beowulf and in nigeria Odysseus : A Comparison What is 451 more important to the hero than his men? Both Beowulf of how many in nigeria, Beowulf and Odysseus of . The Odyssey of Homer have the freeteens com all important asset of tribes in nigeria, men at their disposal, Men who follow them as leaders and accompany them on their travels. While Odysseus greatly values his men and treats them very loyally and and gratifications definition emotionally, his men, in turn, give him the same loyalty and respect back. Beowulf is far more self-driven. While his men are mostly present throughout, they. Beowulf , Circe , Grendel 1174 Words | 3 Pages. Odysseus and Oedipus There are many legendary epic stories have been passed on from generation to generation in the Greek culture. Even . though each story has different outcomes, every epic character has certain features in common.

    Odysseus in The Odyssesy and tribes Oedipus in Oedipus the King are great examples of epic heroes with a variety of similarities. Effect Essay. Odysseus and how many tribes in nigeria Oedipus are similar in which they both god-like men who are considered heroes because of their cautious ways and relentless tenacity. Aeschylus , Greek mythology , Odysseus 1747 Words | 5 Pages. Odyssey and Odysseus Outstanding Qualities. qualities enable Odysseus to survive all his dangerous adventures and to surmount all obstacles to return home safely and freeteens com regain his old staus? . Tribes. = The outstanding qualities that I think Odysseus had were that he was his intelligence, his strength, and he was very caring. His best quality is that he is very intelligent. He is able to use his mind to find solutions to problems, outsmart people, and to just use his mind for many different problems. Uses And Gratifications Definition. For example when the how many in nigeria Cyclops asked Odysseus what his name. Achilles , Athena , Homer 2184 Words | 6 Pages. The Odyssey as didactic literature: lessons taught to Odysseus about the nature of mankind and the way Odysseus changes after his experiences.

    The Odysseus who leaves Troy changes into a completely different man before he arrives at his home in Ithaca. The hero endures many trials and . tribulations induced by freeteens com, the menis of Poseidon, but learns from his mistakes and matures much through his trek. Poseidon serves as a symbol of the supernatural and the threatening. In a way, he is the abusive, but pedagogic father. It is Poseidon who keeps Odysseus in the face of danger, and how many tribes it is Poseidon who keeps him suffering. Until the seventh year of. Athena , Cyclops , Homer 1217 Words | 4 Pages.

    The Companions Are the Source of Much Grief for Odysseus. How Far Do You Agree with This Statement? The companions are the source of much grief for Odysseus . How far do you agree with this statement? Odysseus , the strong, . Effect Essay. courageous, dedicated hero, travelled for miles on end to return to his home land of Ithica and to tribes bring with him the twelve fleet ships carrying his loyal companions. Freeteens Com. However throughout this epic poem Odysseus companions have been the bearers of much grief for Odysseus , in how many tribes in nigeria, many ways from effect essay, questioning his leadership to how many tribes simply dying in battle.

    And slowly during this epic poem. Circe , Epic poetry , Greek mythology 940 Words | 3 Pages. The Flaw of Odysseus in the Odyssey and how he overcame his flaw. The Flaw of Odysseus in eysenck theory, the Odyssey and how he overcame his flaw After the Trojan war all of the Greek warriors had made it home, except for . Odysseus and his men. For them the how many tribes journey home had many twists and turns that caused them to be away from home for Tell more than 10 years after the war. Their delay was caused because of their inability to follow direct orders and resist the temptation of disobedience. It was for this same reason why none of them made it home, except for Odysseus ; although he. Achilles , Athena , Homer 1923 Words | 7 Pages.

    IMPERFECT HEROES Odysseus and how many tribes Moses represent the standard hero, which is one scarred with imperfectionsa hero that commits crimes, lies, . deceives, is in some sense immoral. Moses as an adolescent murdered an Egyptian who was pestering a Hebrew man (Exodus, 45) whereas, Odysseus betrays his faithful wife by having affairs with several women, such as Calypso and freeteens com Circe . Odysseuss crave for how many adventure and Ask, Tell Moses violence show that both Hebrew culture and Greek culture are accepting of a tarnished. Adventure , Athena , Book of Exodus 1596 Words | 5 Pages. 'intractable claws and how many tribes in nigeria impossible to fight'. In book twelve Circe tells him about two different courses he can take to go home. The first one . contains Rovers, moving rocks that are impossible for any ship to get through.The second route holds two dangers: Skylla, a sea monster with six heads that eats men, and Charybdis, a whirlpool that sucks in and vomits out the in fahrenheit sea three times a day.Surprisingly, this is the better option. Circe advises Odysseus to hug the how many in nigeria cliff of and gratifications, Skylla and sacrifice six men rather. Charybdis , Circe , Greek legendary creatures 715 Words | 2 Pages.

    Greek Heros- Odysseus, Jason, Aeneas. A Comparison of the Heroes, Odysseus , Jason and Aeneas Odysseus is unique among epic heroes in that his strength comes . not from inhuman powers or exceptional physical ability, but mainly from his mind. Odysseus , regularly uses cunning, guile, and superiority of intellect to overcome obstacles. In this paper I will compare Odysseus to other epic heroes, both in terms of tribes in nigeria, character and in terms of freeteens com, responses to crises, comparing his reactions with those of other heroes placed in similar situations. Achilles , Aeneid , Argonauts 1692 Words | 6 Pages. Odysseus is too thoughtless, selfish and deceitful to be a real hero. How far do you agree with this view? Yes, I do agree that . Odysseus was thoughtless, selfish and deceitful but these qualities were necessary for him to in nigeria complete his journey and who is in fahrenheit be seen as a hero on his return to Ithaca.

    Greek heroes like Odysseus were greater than the average man and achieved much notoriety and fame by being thoughtless, selfish and deceitful. Inevitability Odysseus , curiosity led him to make bad decisions after. Athena , Circe , Cyclops 817 Words | 2 Pages. How Far Is Odysseus Motivated by Nostos? Odysseus is tribes motivated only by his desire to in fahrenheit return home (nostos). How far do you agree with this view? In your answer you should: * . Consider how Odysseus behaves on his journey home; * Include an analysis of his motives; * Support your answer with evidence from The Odyssey. On his journey home, Odysseus encounters many obstacles which he attempts to overcome swiftly so that he may arrive home as soon as possible; however, it can be argued that nostos is tribes not his only motive throughout. Greek mythology , Homer , Homer's Ithaca 1232 Words | 3 Pages.

    Hero Comparison Essay: Odysseus vs Gandhi. Hero Comparison Essay K A K 16/12/2011 A hero, a mythological or legendary figure often of divine descent endowed with great strength or ability . Health Essay. (Merriam-Webster). There are two types of heroes, epic heroes and modern heroes. Odysseus , one of the most famous epic heroes ever, will be compared to Mahatma Gandhi, a modern day hero, to see if there really is how many in nigeria a large gap separating the two types. However, one thing is certain, modern heroes can be identical to epic heroes if they are larger. Gujarat , Hero , History of the British salt tax in India 1612 Words | 5 Pages. ?Breanna Manlick 4-26-2014 CLAS 342 Paper Assignment #2 Character Foils for Odysseus The Odyssey is the epic that has been read time and . time again, by uses, varying ages, digging its way into our hearts, becoming an how many tribes in nigeria instant classic. Odysseus and the adventures of his homecoming create a much different tale than Homers other work, the Iliad, provided.

    The epic is theory of personality not about tribes, bloodthirsty men trying to get their hands on kleos anymore; it is about the homecoming of a man who uses his wits, not his. Greek mythology , Helen , Homer 1448 Words | 5 Pages. Essay About Odysseus, Adonis, and Thor. Essay About Odysseus , Adonis, and Thor Section I: Odysseus Is The Most Cunning Man in the World Odysseus , son . of Procris and Cephalus of the Royal House of Athens, played a major role in the Trojan War. However, the legends of Odysseus do not begin until after the great war. At the end of the war he was separated from the rest of the Greek armies and Don’t Tell was forced to how many in nigeria wander for ten years until he was reunited with his family.

    His journeys in those ten years were very similar to Jason's journey in. Achilles , Apollo , Cyclops 1516 Words | 4 Pages. Odyssey, Odysseus , the central character of the epic, applies his strengths, leadership skills and his determination to reach his abode . Electronic Health Records Essay Example. escaping from flesh eating one-eyed mammoths, arrogant betrayers, and violent whirlpool and sea monsters. Odysseus and his crew face the how many in nigeria impossible challenges on his voyage back home, but with Odysseus leadership, they prevail. Approaching Scylla and Charybdis, a violent storm and who is 451 sea monster, the crew trembles in how many tribes in nigeria, fear, doubting their ability. Odysseus , never. Cyclops , Epic poetry , Greek mythology 893 Words | 3 Pages. ? Odysseus : The Definition of a Leader When considering the impact of ancient Greek literature, it is imperative to acknowledge the importance . of The Odyssey and The Iliad, both created by the poet Homer. The Odyssey is centered on the character Odysseus as he returns from effect essay, war and journeys back to his home in Ithaca. Tribes In Nigeria. The Iliad focuses on the Trojan War and and gratifications theory is largely centered on the fearless warrior Achilles.

    However, Odysseus plays an important role in both pieces of literature and leads the reader. Achilles , Epic Cycle , Hero 1738 Words | 5 Pages. Odyssey Homer, Odysseus has the ability to be a very good leader, but doesnt always live up to it. Odysseus is a good leader . How Many. because he thinks a lot of things through. Theory Definition. Therefore, he knows what to do ahead of time. Another reason Odysseus is a good leader is that he knows when to how many tribes trust his crew. Who Is In Fahrenheit. Odysseus can be a bad leader because he doesnt always tell his crew everything.

    Also, he doesnt always have common sense. Odysseus is a bad leader because of his bad decisions. Odysseus is good at analyzing. Homer , Ithaca , Leadership 1062 Words | 3 Pages. Odyssey, we learn that the main character, Odysseus , has been held captive by the nymph Calypso for how many tribes in nigeria twenty years. Eysenck Theory Of Personality. We also learn that . Odysseus had finished (and won) fighting a war against the city of Troy and has been held captive by Calypso ever since. During this time, Odysseus ' son and how many wife, whom Odysseus left behind to fight in the war, have been patiently waiting for Odysseus ' return to his palace in and gratifications definition, Ithaca in which Odysseus is king. Telemachus, Odysseus ' son, has grown into a young man and he's. Greek mythology , Homer , Iliad 828 Words | 3 Pages. Odysseus Aeneas By: Chance E-mail: mmb0014@unt.edu If there is any possibility that a comparison could be made with the famous . Tribes. journeys of Odysseus and of personality Aeneas, it must be known that Aeneas is actually a hero in search of his own soul while Odysseus is in nigeria a hero trying to find his old life and in a sense, his old soul. The Aeneid is very much of a spiritual quest, which makes it unique in ancient literature and in contrast with the Odyssey.

    Only Virgil admits to the possibility that a character. Aeneas , Aeneid , Greek mythology 1065 Words | 3 Pages. Relationship between Athena and Odysseus By looking at Electronic Health Essay, the epic The Odyssey by Homer, there are a lot of tribes, contacts between human and . immoral, the relationship between Athena and Odysseus , which make me interesting, also this is important for the story. The relationship between Athena and Odysseus is the key for the story, because Odysseus had received a lot of freeteens com, help from Athena, their relationship is the reason to explain why would an immortal Athena who never interesting or attracted by any male.

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    eight essays on yoga BACK Expressions of Spirit - Yoga. The Eight Limbs , The Core of Yoga. by William J.D. Doran. The practice of yoga is an how many, art and science dedicated to creating union between body, mind and spirit. Its objective is to assist the practitioner in using the breath and body to foster an awareness of ourselves as individualized beings intimately connected to the unified whole of creation. In short it is about making balance and creating equanimity so as to live in peace, good health and harmony with the greater whole. This art of right living was perfected and practiced in definition India thousands of years ago and the foundations of yoga philosophy were written down in The Yoga Sutra of Patanjali, approximately 200 AD.

    This sacred text describes the inner workings of the mind and tribes provides an eight-step blueprint for controlling its restlessness so as to enjoying lasting peace. The core of Patanjalis Yoga Sutra is an eight-limbed path that forms the structural framework for yoga practice. Upon practicing all eight limbs of the path it becomes self-evident that no one element is elevated over and gratifications definition another in a hierarchical order. Tribes In Nigeria. Each is part of a holistic focus which eventually brings completeness to the individual as they find their connectivity to the divine. Who Is The Antagonist. Because we are all uniquely individual a person can emphasize one branch and then move on to another as they round out their understanding. In brief the tribes eight limbs, or steps to yoga, are as follows:

    Yama : Universal morality Niyama : Personal observances Asanas : Body postures Pranayama : Breathing exercises, and control of Don’t Ask, Essay, prana Pratyahara : Control of the senses Dharana : Concentration and cultivating inner perceptual awareness Dhyana : Devotion, Meditation on the Divine Samadhi : Union with the Divine. The yamas are broken down into five wise characteristics. Rather than a list of dos and donts, they tell us that our fundamental nature is compassionate, generous, honest and peaceful. i They are as follows: I. Yamas (Universal Morality) 1. Ahimsa Compassion for all living things. The word ahimsa literally mean not to injure or show cruelty to any creature or any person in how many tribes in nigeria any way whatsoever.

    Ahimsa is, however, more than just lack of violence as adapted in yoga. Who Is In Fahrenheit. It means kindness, friendliness, and thoughtful consideration of other people and things. It also has to do with our duties and responsibilities too. Tribes. Ahimsa implies that in every situation we should adopt a considerate attitude and do no harm. 2. Satya Commitment to Truthfulness. Satya means to speak the the antagonist 451 truth, yet it is not always desirable to speak the truth on all occasions, for it could harm someone unnecessarily. We have to consider what we say, how we say it, and in how many tribes in nigeria what way it could affect others. If speaking the truth has negative consequences for another, then it is freeteens com, better to say nothing.

    Satya should never come into conflict with our efforts to how many in nigeria, behave with ahimsa. This precept is Don’t, based on how many the understanding that honest communication and action form the bedrock of any healthy relationship, community, or government, and that deliberate deception, exaggerations, and mistruths harm others. i i. Steya means to steal; asteya is the opposite-to take nothing that does not belong to us. This also means that if we are in a situation where someone entrusts something to us or confides in us, we do not take advantage of uses theory definition, him or her. Non-stealing includes not only taking what belongs to another without permission, but also using something for a different purpose to that intended, or beyond the time permitted by its owner. How Many Tribes In Nigeria. iii The practice of asteya implies not taking anything that has not been freely given. This includes fostering a consciousness of uses theory definition, how we ask for others time for inconsiderate behavior demanding anothers attention when not freely given is, in effect, stealing. 4. How Many In Nigeria. Brahmacharya - Sense control.

    Brahmacharya is used mostly in the sense of abstinence, particularly in relationship to sexual activity. Brahmacharya suggests that we should form relationships that foster our understanding of the highest truths. Don’t Ask, Essay. Brahmacharya does not necessarily imply celibacy. Rather, it means responsible behavior with respect to how many tribes, our goal of moving toward the truth. Practicing brahmacharya means that we use our sexual energy to regenerate our connection to our spiritual self. It also means that we dont use this energy in any way that might harm others. iv. 5. Aparigraha - Neutralizing the desire to acquire and hoard wealth. Aparigraha means to freeteens com, take only what is necessary, and not to take advantage of a situation or act greedy.

    We should only how many tribes take what we have earned; if we take more, we are exploiting someone else. The yogi feels that the collection or hoarding of things implies a lack of Don’t Ask, Don’t Policy Essay, faith in God and in himself to how many tribes, provide for his future. v Aparigraha also implies letting go of our attachments to things and an understanding that impermanence and change are the only constants. The Yoga Sutra describes what happens when these five behaviors outlined above become part of a person's daily life. Thus, the yamas are the moral virtues which, if attended to, purify human nature and uses and gratifications definition contribute to health and happiness of society. II. Niyama (Personal Observances) The first niyama is sauca, meaning purity and tribes cleanliness. Sauca has both an inner and Ask, Don’t Tell Essay an outer aspect. Outer cleanliness simply means keeping ourselves clean. Inner cleanliness has as much to how many, do with the healthy, free functioning of our bodily organs as with the clarity of our mind.

    Practicing asanas or pranayama are essential means for attending to this inner sauca. Asanas tones the entire body and freeteens com removes toxins while pranayama cleanses our lungs, oxygenates our blood and purifies our nerves. But more important than the physical cleansing of the body is the tribes in nigeria cleansing of the mind of its disturbing emotions like hatred, passion, anger, lust, greed, delusion and pride. vi. 2. Santosa - Contentment. Another niyama is santosa, modesty and the feeling of being content with what we have.

    To be at peace within and Essay example content with one's lifestyle finding contentment even while experiencing lifes difficulties for life becomes a process of growth through all kinds of circumstances. How Many Tribes In Nigeria. We should accept that there is a purpose for everything - yoga calls it karma and we cultivate contentment 'to accept what happens'. It means being happy with what we have rather than being unhappy about what we don't have. 3. Tapas Disciplined use of our energy. Tapas refers to the activity of keeping the body fit or to confront and handle the inner urges without outer show. Literally it means to heat the body and, by so doing, to cleanse it. Behind the notion of Ask, Don’t, tapas lies the idea we can direct our energy to enthusiastically engage life and achieve our ultimate goal of tribes in nigeria, creating union with the freeteens com Divine. Tapas helps us burn up all the desires that stand in how many in nigeria our way of this goal. Another form of tapas is paying attention to what we eat. Attention to body posture, attention to eysenck, eating habits, attention to breathing patterns - these are all tapas. 4. Svadhyaya Self study.

    The fourth niyama is svadhyaya. Sva means self' adhyaya means inquiry or examination. Any activity that cultivates self-reflective consciousness can be considered svadhyaya. It means to intentionally find self-awareness in all our activities and efforts, even to the point of welcoming and accepting our limitations. It teaches us to be centered and non-reactive to the dualities, to burn out unwanted and self-destructive tendencies. 5. Isvarapranidhana - Celebration of the Spiritual. Isvarapranidhana means to lay all your actions at the feet of God. It is the contemplation on God (Isvara) in order to tribes, become attuned to god and god's will.

    It is the recognition that the spiritual suffuses everything and through our attention and care we can attune ourselves with our role as part of the Creator. The practice requires that we set aside some time each day to recognize that there is effect essay, some omnipresent force larger than ourselves that is guiding and directing the course of our lives. vii. III. Asanas (Body postures) As one practices asana it fosters a quieting of the mind, thus it becomes both a preparation for meditation and a meditation sufficient in how many tribes and of itself.

    Releasing to the flow and effect essay inner strength that one develops brings about how many tribes, a profound grounding spirituality in the body. Freeteens Com. The physicality of the yoga postures becomes a vehicle to expand the consciousness that pervades our every aspect of our body. The key to how many tribes, fostering this expansion of Health Records example, awareness and consciousness begins with the control of breath, the fourth limb Pranayama. Patanjali suggests that the asana and the pranayama practices will bring about the desired state of health; the control of breath and bodily posture will harmonize the flow of tribes, energy in the organism, thus creating a fertile field for the evolution of the spirit. This down-to-earth, flesh-and-bones practice is and gratifications definition, simply one of the most direct and expedient ways to how many tribes, meet yourself. This limb of yoga practice reattaches us to our body. In reattaching ourselves to our bodies we reattach ourselves to the responsibility of living a life guided by the undeniable wisdom of our body. vi ii To this B.K.S. Iyengar adds: The needs of the body are the needs of the who is the antagonist divine spirit which lives through the body. The yogi does not look heaven-ward to find God for how many tribes he know that He is within. ix. IV. Pranayama (Breath Control)

    Pranayama, or breathing technique, is very important in yoga. It goes hand in hand with the effect essay asana or pose. How Many In Nigeria. In the Yoga Sutra , the practices of pranayama and asana are considered to be the highest form of who is the antagonist 451, purification and self discipline for the mind and the body, respectively. The practices produce the actual physical sensation of heat, called tapas, or the inner fire of purification. It is taught that this heat is part of the process of purifying the nadis, or subtle nerve channels of the body. This allows a more healthful state to in nigeria, be experienced and allows the mind to become more calm. x As the eysenck yogi follows the proper rhythmic patterns of slow deep breathing the in nigeria patterns strengthen the respiratory system, soothe the nervous system and reduce craving. As desires and cravings diminish, the of personality mind is set free and becomes a fit vehicle for concentration. xi.

    V. Pratyahara (Control of the Senses) In pratyahara we sever this link between mind and senses, and the senses withdraw. When the how many senses are no longer tied to external sources, the result is restraint or pratyahara. Now that the vital forces are flowing back to the Source within, one can concentrate without being distracted by externals or the temptation to cognize externals. Pratyahara occurs almost automatically when we meditate because we are so absorbed in the object of Tell Essay, meditation. Precisely because the mind is so focused, the senses follow it; it is not happening the how many other way around. No longer functioning in their usual manner, the senses become extraordinarily sharp. Under normal circumstances the senses become our masters rather than being our servants.

    The senses entice us to develop cravings for all sorts of Electronic Records Essay example, things. In pratyahara the opposite occurs: when we have to eat we eat, but not because we have a craving for food. In pratyahara we try to put the senses in their proper place, but not cut them out of our actions entirely. Much of tribes in nigeria, our emotional imbalance are our own creation. A person who is influenced by outside events and sensations can never achieve the inner peace and tranquility. This is because he or she will waste much mental and physical energy in trying to suppress unwanted sensations and to heighten other sensations. This will eventually result in a physical or mental imbalance, and will, in most instances, result in illness. Patanjali says that the above process is at the root of human unhappiness and uneasiness. 451. When people seek out yoga, hoping to find that inner peace which is so evasive, they find that it was theirs all along.

    In a sense, yoga is nothing more than a process which enables us to stop and look at the processes of our own minds; only in this way can we understand the nature of happiness and unhappiness, and thus transcend them both. x ii. VI. Dharana (Concentration and how many in nigeria cultivating inner perceptual awareness) In dharana we create the conditions for effect essay the mind to focus its attention in one direction instead of going out in many different directions. Deep contemplation and reflection can create the right conditions, and the focus on this one point that we have chosen becomes more intense.

    We encourage one particular activity of the how many tribes mind and, the more intense it becomes, the more the other activities of the mind fall away. The objective in dharana is to effect essay, steady the mind by focusing its attention upon how many in nigeria some stable entity. The particular object selected has nothing to do with the general purpose, which is to stop the mind from wandering -through memories, dreams, or reflective thought-by deliberately holding it single-mindedly upon some apparently static object. B.K.S. Iyengar states that the objective is to achieve the mental state where the mind, intellect, and ego are all restrained and all these faculties are offered to the Lord for His use and in His service. Here there is no feeling of 'I' and 'mine'. xiv. When the mind has become purified by yoga practices, it becomes able to Ask, Don’t Policy Essay, focus efficiently on one subject or point of experience. Now we can unleash the great potential for inner healing. VII. Dhyana (Devotion , Meditation on the Divine) During dhyana, the consciousness is further unified by combining clear insights into distinctions between objects and between the subtle layers of perception.

    We learn to differentiate between the mind of the perceiver, the means of how many tribes, perception, and the objects perceived, between words, their meanings, and ideas, and between all the levels of eysenck, evolution of nature. xv i. As we fine-tune our concentration and become more aware of the nature of reality we perceive that the world is unreal. The only reality is the universal self, or God, which is tribes, veiled by Maya (the illusory power). As the veils are lifted, the mind becomes clearer. Essay Example. Unhappiness and fear even the fear of death vanishes. This state of freedom, or Moksha, is the goal of Yoga. It can be reached by constant enquiry into the nature of things. xv ii Meditation becomes our tool to see things clearly and perceive reality beyond the illusions that cloud our mind. VIII. Samadhi (Union with the Divine)

    The final step in the eight-fold path of Yoga is the attainment of Samadhi. Samadhi means to bring together, to merge. In the state of in nigeria, samadhi the body and Don’t Tell Policy Essay senses are at rest, as if asleep, yet the faculty of tribes in nigeria, mind and reason are alert, as if awake; one goes beyond consciousness. During samadhi, we realize what it is to be an identity without differences, and how a liberated soul can enjoy pure awareness of this pure identity. The conscious mind drops back into that unconscious oblivion from which it first emerged. Thus, samadhi refers to union or true Yoga. Uses. There is an ending to the separation that is how many, created by the I and mine of our illusory perceptions of reality. The mind does not distinguish between self and non-self, or between the object contemplated and the process of contemplation. The mind and the intellect have stopped and there is only the experience of consciousness, truth and unutterable joy. The achievement of samadhi is who is, a difficult task. For this reason the how many tribes in nigeria Yoga Sutra suggests the practice of asanas and pranayama as preparation for dharana, because these influence mental activities and create space in the crowded schedule of the mind.

    Once dharana has occurred, dhyana and Don’t Don’t Tell Policy samadhi can follow. These eight steps of how many tribes, yoga indicate a logical pathway that leads to the attainment of physical, ethical, emotional, and psycho-spiritual health. Uses. Yoga does not seek to change the how many in nigeria individual; rather, it allows the natural state of total health and integration in each of us to theory, become a reality. xvi ii. Yoga Mind, Body Spirit, by Donna Farhi. Light On Yoga, by B.K.S. Iyengar. Yoga Mind Body, Sivananda Yoga Vedanta Center.

    The Essence of tribes, Yoga, Reflections on the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, by Bernard Bouanchaud.